Battleground is a 1949 American war film that follows a company in the 327th Glider Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division as they cope with the Siege of Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge, in World War II. It stars Van Johnson, John Hodiak, Ricardo Montalbán, George Murphy, features James Whitmore, was directed by William Wellman from a script by Robert Pirosh; the film is notable for portraying American soldiers as human. While they remain steadfast and courageous, each soldier has at least one moment in the film when he considers running away, schemes to get sent back from the front line, slacks off, or complains about the situation he is in. Battleground is considered to be the first significant American film about World War II to be made and released after the end of the war. In mid-December 1944, Pvt. Jim Layton and his buddy Pvt. William J. Hooper are assigned to the 327th Glider Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division; as a newcomer, Layton receives a chilly welcome from his squad.
PFC Holley returns to the company after recuperating from a wound. Instead of going on leave in Paris, the squad is trucked back to the front because of a surprise German breakthrough in the Ardennes, they stop that night in Bastogne and are put up for the night in the apartment of a young woman, Denise, to whom Holley is attracted. Jarvess stands guard in the village, where he runs into some battle-weary soldiers making a "strategic withdrawal"; the next morning, led by Platoon Sgt. Kinnie, the men are ordered to dig in on the outskirts of town. Just as they are nearly done, they must dig in all over again. Holley and Kippton man a roadblock that night. German soldiers, disguised as Americans, infiltrate their position and blow up a nearby bridge. In the morning, Roderigues, a Latino man from Los Angeles, is delighted by the novelty of snow from a heavy winter storm, but Pop Stazak, awaiting a "dependency discharge" that will send him home, is unimpressed. Layton goes to see Hooper, only to find he had been killed, no one in his company had known his name.
Kinnie informs the squad about the infiltration and dispatches a patrol comprising Holley and Jarvess. Just before they start out, the platoon is shelled by German artillery, causing Bettis to panic and desert. Holley's patrol skirmishes with the infiltrators. Roderigues is wounded by machine-gun fire from an enemy tank. Holley conceals him under a disabled jeep half-buried in snow; when Holley returns, Roderigues has died. Wolowicz and a sick Cpl. Standiferd are sent to a field hospital. Doc informs the 2nd Squad that the hospital has been captured. Holley is partnered with Layton, while Pop is paired with Hansan. Pop's discharge comes in. Moved 3rd Platoon is attacked at dawn. Hansan is the first to return fire, which hits the German commander; when it appears the platoon will be overrun, Hansan is wounded, Holley flees, Layton follows Holley. Ashamed, Holley leads a flanking counterattack that stops the Germans. After they get Hanson to an aid station, the squad runs into Bettis, doing K. P. duty. Holley finds Layton being entertained by Denise.
While on guard duty, they encounter some Germans who have come under a flag of truce to offer Brig. Gen. McAuliffe surrender terms. - puzzles the Germans. The squad is short of supplies. Several men attend impromptu outdoor Christmas services held by a chaplain; that night, the Luftwaffe bombs Bastogne. Denise dies, Bettis, slowed by his fear of returning to the lines, is killed by a collapsing house; the "walking wounded", including Hansan and a mess sergeant he befriended, are recalled for a last-ditch defense of the town. As the platoon is down to its last few rounds of ammunition, the weather clears, allowing Allied fighter aircraft to attack the Germans and C-47 transports to drop supplies, enabling the 101st to hold. Afterward, Kinnie leads the platoon's survivors rear-ward, for a well-earned rest; as they move out, they spot a relief column of clean soldiers marching toward them. Kinnie begins calling "Jody cadence", the veterans pull themselves together as they pass their replacements. Battleground was an RKO property, titled "Prelude to Love" to hide its subject matter, but was shelved when production head Dore Schary resigned, despite $100,000 having been put into the property to that point.
When Schary went to MGM, he purchased the rights to the script from RKO, over the objections of Louis B. Mayer, who believed the public was tired of war films. At MGM, Robert Taylor and Keenan Wynn were reported to have been penciled in for the film, along with Van Johnson and John Hodiak, the project was budgeted at $2 million. Wellman put the cast through some military training with Robert Taylor, a former navy officer who dropped out believing the role was not right for him, he was replaced by Van Johnson. Robert Pirosh had based the script on his own experiences during the Battle of the Bulge, although he did not serve with the 101st Airborne. Many of the incidents in the film were based on actual events, including the rejection of a German demand for surrender on December 22, 1944, with Brig. Gen. Anthony McAuliffe's one word response, "Nuts!". Twenty veterans of the 101st appeared in the film as extras. Lt Col
Eduardo Schiaffino was an Argentine painter, critic and historian. A member of a group known as the Generation of'80, he founded the National Museum of Fine Arts in Buenos Aires and sparked the development of painting in his country. Schiaffino was born in Buenos Aires in 1858. Trained by Venetian painter Giuseppe Agujari, at 18 he was among the founders of the Society for the Stimulus of Fine Arts, the initial name of the National Academy of Fine Arts. In 1884 he travelled to Europe as correspondent for the newspaper El Diario, publishing various articles on artistic themes under the pseudonym Zig Zag. In 1891 he was one of the founders of the Buenos Aires Athenaeum, a group dedicated to renewing Hispanic American culture through the participation of distinguished figures like Ruben Darío and Leopoldo Lugones. In 1895 he won a victory when the government agreed to create the National Museum of Fine Arts, a project for which he had long struggled, he acted as its first director until 1910, secured Auguste Rodin's contribution of numerous sculptures for newly established parks in Buenos Aires.
The trend in painting he pursued during this period was towards symbolism, which he had publicly and polemically criticised. He acquired a large number of works in thus genre for the Fine Arts Museum during his tenure, just the same. Schiaffino was afterwards engaged in various diplomatic undertakings in Europe, but in 1933 he returned to Buenos Aires and published his most important book and Sculpture in Argentina. Biography, in Spanish, from Rudas Macho La Nación: Eduardo Schiaffino, un olvidado
The Skinny Dip is a half-hour-long Canadian travel and adventure television series hosted by Eve Kelly, produced by Best Boy Entertainment. The show premiered with two episodes aired together on July 9, 2008 EST on the Travel + Escape Canadian cable channel, which commissioned six new episodes, that aired in November and December 2009. All eight episodes are now available on Amazon Prime. Host Eve Kelly travels to various destinations around the world. During each show, Eve calls upon local residents and tourists to join her in a trek to a local watering hole to skinny dip, they travel by camel, dog-sled, kayak or other mode of transport on a scenic journey, showing audiences unexplored regions of each destination. Each episode caps off with a skinny dip in a secluded swimming hole. No frontal nudity is shown. “Corner Brook” Steady Brook Falls, Marble Mountain, Newfoundland. “Brazil” Ubatuba mountains, São Paulo. "Yukon" icefield Whitehorse. “Costa Rica” Nauyaca Waterfalls, Puntarenas. “Australia” Trephina Gorge, MacDonnell Ranges, Alice Springs.