Battlestar (fictional spacecraft)
Battlestars are capital ships from the science fiction universe of Battlestar Galactica, depicted in the original Battlestar Galactica movie and series, the Galactica 1980 spinoff, the re-imagined Battlestar Galactica series. Battlestars are the premier capital ships the space equivalent of aircraft carriers, of the 12 Colonies of Man but combining some attributes of battleships; the hull is divided into the main hull with the bridge and propulsion systems, winged hangar bays on the port and starboard sides. Each hangar bay carries many Viper Starfighters and several unarmed shuttles which can deploy armed Landram armoured vehicles; the exact number of fighters deployed by each Battlestar is unclear although the Galactica recovers at least 69 in "Saga of Star World" including some from other Battlestars, destroyed. In same episode the Cylons on Carillon estimate the Galactica's Viper pilot complement at 200 and in "The Hand of God" Adama tells his pilots they will be outnumbered 2 to 1 by the Basestar's 300 Raiders.
Given the large dimensions of the ship design there is an internal rail car system to transport personnel in the event of a battle alert. The fuel for a Battlestar and its Vipers is called tylium which can be found only on certain planets; the laser turrets are the same weapon as a Viper's laser cannon based on appearances alone. There are several known types of turret. One, the anti-ship type, is a slow-tracking heavy turret found along the outer edge of both hangar bays, they have longer barrels than other turrets. Above each anti-ship turret is an anti-fighter turret, they are thinner in appearance and track much faster. Their barrels are closer together; these weapons however lack the power to damage capital ships. The forward lasers have only been seen in The Living Legend Part 2 and The Hand of God and are confused with anti-ship missiles because they use the same graphics, they are orange-colored beam weapons for capital ship use. It is not known; when the Galactica attacks a Baseship in "The Hand of God" Commander Adama explicit states that they have reconfigured their lasers to be able to attack the Baseship and showing that they are not a standard mode of weaponry.
These heavy missiles give a Battlestar enough firepower to utterly destroy at least two Basestars. The only example of their use is in The Living Legend, Part 2, where they are fired at the same time as, confused with, the forward lasers, it is not known whether only some did. The only ship, seen to have them - or referred to as having them - is the Pegasus from'The Living Legend, Part 2'; the Galactica herself is never seen using them or referring to having them. When she takes on a Cylon Baseship in "The Hand Of God" she attacks it by reconfiguring her lasers, not by using any missiles. Eight Battlestars were mentioned by name during the TV series. Of these, five were known to have survived by the time. Many are identified in background radio chatter in the original pilot film A sixth Battlestar was thought to have been lost, but reappeared during the series. Battlestar GalacticaBuilt 500 yahren before the close of the Thousand Yahren War, it is commanded by Commander Adama. The Galactica has about 150 Vipers aboard, a mixture of its own, some from the other Battlestars at the Peace Conference, a great number of fighters from the Pegasus.
Battlestar AtlantiaLost at the Peace Conference. Atlantia carried the Council of Twelve. Was the first battlestar destroyed in the Battle of Cimtar. Battlestar PacificaLost at the Peace Conference. Novelization states that she was sister ship of the Atlantia, was the largest of the battlestars and had been destroyed. Battlestar TritonLost at the Peace Conference. Battlestar AcropolisLost at the Peace Conference. Battlestar PegasusSole survivor of the Battle of Molecay, 2 yahrens before the Destruction of the Colonies; the Pegasus was commanded by Commander Cain. Missing in action since the Battle of Gamoray when she destroyed two Cylon Basestars. Viper pilots from the Pegasus' Silver Spar Squadron wore a helmet design that bore a black'flying horse', unlike the Galactica's Blue and Red Squadron pilots' falcon/eagle crest Viper helmets, due to the Pegasus' own namesake. Battlestar ColumbiaIn the episode "Gun on Ice Planet Zero", a Cadet Cree claims to be from the Battlestar Columbia in an attempt to foil the interrogation efforts by the Gold Command Centurion Vulpa.
Vulpa answers back. Battlestar RyconIn the episode "Take the Celestra", during an awards ceremony Commander Kronus is described as having'risen from the ranks to command the Battlestar Rycon, a ship famed for destroying 3 Cylon Basestars at the Battle Of Cosmora Archipelago, but at the cost of the Rycon herself presumably.'Battlestar Solaria Another ship mentioned as destroyed in the novelization of the original series first episode. Was the last Battlestar destroyed according to the Battlestar Galactica novelization, when Lt. Starbuck and Lt. Boomer tried to find another
United States Navy
The United States Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U. S. allies or partner nations. With the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, two new carriers under construction. With 319,421 personnel on active duty and 99,616 in the Ready Reserve, the Navy is the third largest of the service branches, it has 282 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of March 2018, making it the second-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force. The U. S. Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, established during the American Revolutionary War and was disbanded as a separate entity shortly thereafter.
The U. S. Navy played a major role in the American Civil War by blockading the Confederacy and seizing control of its rivers, it played the central role in the World War II defeat of Imperial Japan. The US Navy emerged from World War II as the most powerful navy in the world; the 21st century U. S. Navy maintains a sizable global presence, deploying in strength in such areas as the Western Pacific, the Mediterranean, the Indian Ocean, it is a blue-water navy with the ability to project force onto the littoral regions of the world, engage in forward deployments during peacetime and respond to regional crises, making it a frequent actor in U. S. foreign and military policy. The Navy is administratively managed by the Department of the Navy, headed by the civilian Secretary of the Navy; the Department of the Navy is itself a division of the Department of Defense, headed by the Secretary of Defense. The Chief of Naval Operations is the most senior naval officer serving in the Department of the Navy.
The mission of the Navy is to maintain and equip combat-ready Naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression and maintaining freedom of the seas. The U. S. Navy is a seaborne branch of the military of the United States; the Navy's three primary areas of responsibility: The preparation of naval forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war. The maintenance of naval aviation, including land-based naval aviation, air transport essential for naval operations, all air weapons and air techniques involved in the operations and activities of the Navy; the development of aircraft, tactics, technique and equipment of naval combat and service elements. U. S. Navy training manuals state that the mission of the U. S. Armed Forces is "to be prepared to conduct prompt and sustained combat operations in support of the national interest." As part of that establishment, the U. S. Navy's functions comprise sea control, power projection and nuclear deterrence, in addition to "sealift" duties, it follows as certain as that night succeeds the day, that without a decisive naval force we can do nothing definitive, with it, everything honorable and glorious.
Naval power... is the natural defense of the United States The Navy was rooted in the colonial seafaring tradition, which produced a large community of sailors and shipbuilders. In the early stages of the American Revolutionary War, Massachusetts had its own Massachusetts Naval Militia; the rationale for establishing a national navy was debated in the Second Continental Congress. Supporters argued that a navy would protect shipping, defend the coast, make it easier to seek out support from foreign countries. Detractors countered that challenging the British Royal Navy the world's preeminent naval power, was a foolish undertaking. Commander in Chief George Washington resolved the debate when he commissioned the ocean-going schooner USS Hannah to interdict British merchant ships and reported the captures to the Congress. On 13 October 1775, the Continental Congress authorized the purchase of two vessels to be armed for a cruise against British merchant ships. S. Navy; the Continental Navy achieved mixed results.
In August 1785, after the Revolutionary War had drawn to a close, Congress had sold Alliance, the last ship remaining in the Continental Navy due to a lack of funds to maintain the ship or support a navy. In 1972, the Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Elmo Zumwalt, authorized the Navy to celebrate its birthday on 13 October to honor the establishment of the Continental Navy in 1775; the United States was without a navy for nearly a decade, a state of affairs that exposed U. S. maritime merchant ships to a series of attacks by the Barbary pirates. The sole armed maritime presence between 1790 and the launching of the U. S. Navy's first warships in 1797 was the U. S. Revenue-Marine, the primary predecessor of the U. S. Coast Guard. Although the USRCS conducted operations against the pirates, their depredations far outstripped its abilities and Congress passed the Naval Act of 1794 that established a permanent standing navy on 27 March 1794; the Naval Act ordered the construction and manning of six frigates and, by October 1797, the first three were brought into service: USS United States, USS Constellation, USS Constitution.
Due to his strong posture on having a strong standing Navy during this period, John Adams is "often called the father of the American Navy". In 1798–99 the Navy was involved in an undeclared Quasi-War with France. From 18
Battlestars (game show)
Battlestars is an American game show that aired on NBC during the 1980s. The program's concept was developed and produced by Merrill Heatter, featuring a six-celebrity panel; the object of the game is to "capture" the celebrities by lighting up numbers positioned around triangle shapes, inside of which sat each panelist. Similar to Hollywood Squares, which Heatter co-created and produced, the celebrities are asked questions by the host, the contestants judge the truth of their answers in order to light up the numbers; the show premiered on October 26, 1981, with Alex Trebek hosting and Rod Roddy serving as the announcer. This marked Heatter's first solo production since his former production partner, Bob Quigley and their company was dissolved; the program ran until April 23, 1982. Less than a year after its cancellation, NBC commissioned another edition of Battlestars as a replacement for the cancelled Just Men!. The New Battlestars premiered on April 4, 1983, but met the same fate as its predecessor and was cancelled after thirteen weeks with the final episode airing on July 1, 1983.
Two contestants competed on each episode of Battlestars, with one a returning champion. The players were designated by color, with the champion's podium being blue and the challenger's red; the object of Battlestars was to "capture" members of a six-celebrity panel. To do this players had to light up numbers positioned around triangle shapes, inside of which sat the panelists; the numbers 1 -- 10 were positioned around the triangles. The numbers were referred to as "Points of Light" throughout the game; the champion began the game and pushed a plunger on his or her podium to stop a flashing randomizer, the number it stopped on determined which celebrity would be asked a question. If a number was attached to two or more triangles, the contestant chose. If the number was attached to a celebrity who would be captured if it was lit, the contestant was forced to choose that celebrity unless there were more than one celebrity that could be captured by lighting the number; the questions were asked in the style of The Hollywood Squares, except that a celebrity was given two possible answers and had to choose between one or the other.
The two answer choices provided to the celebrity were displayed for the home audience. Once the celebrity chose an answer, the contestant was asked whether he or she agreed or disagreed with the celebrity. A correct response allowed that player to keep control. If the contestant was wrong, control passed to the opponent. Any point of light hit remained lit, regardless of whether the contestant in control agreed or disagreed. However, similar to Hollywood Squares, if a miss resulted in the capture of a celebrity to an opponent by default, the point remained in play. If the contestant in control lit the last point of light around a celebrity if his or her opponent was responsible for one or both of the other lights, the contestant captured that star and the background behind the celebrity was lit in the player's color; the first contestant to capture three stars played the bonus round. If a contestant managed to capture all six celebrities, he or she won a bonus prize $1,000; because it was possible for the champion to win the game without the challenger being in control, a challenger who lost in such a manner remained for the next game.
Champions continued to play until they played the end game 20 times. When the program returned in 1983, the object of the game was the same but the format was tweaked. Instead of turning on the points of light, all ten of them were lit to begin the game and the contestants instead had to turn them off. At the beginning of each player's turn, they used the randomizer to select a number as they had before. If they managed to answer the contestants would select the next number to turn off themselves instead of using the randomizer again and continued to do so until answering incorrectly, which passed control to the other player, or until capturing the necessary three Battlestars to win the game. A celebrity's portrait was hidden under 16 numbered blocks; the winner of the game chose three cards, each representing blocks on the board, which Trebek inserted into an electronic scanner in his podium. After the three blocks were removed, the contestant verbally picked one more square that would help him or her most.
The contestant had a chance to identify the celebrity for $5,000. For a week of Christmas shows in December 1981, the top prize was doubled to $10,000. However, if he or she gave a wrong guess or could not answer, the contestant drew up to three additional cards and could solicit help from the celebrities; the prize value dropped to $3,000 for the first card $2,000, $1,000, $500, at which point the player could choose any space to reveal, $250. In The Main Event round, the day's winner and the three Battlestars the contestant had captured played a series of multiple choice questions for a cash bonus and an accumulating jackpot of prizes. If more than three Battlestars were captured, the champion chose three to play with; each multiple-choice question had three possible answers which were displayed to both the contestant and the celebrity in play. After the celebrity offered his or her choice, the contestant was asked whether he or she agreed or disagreed. If the contestant was correct in disagreeing, he or she had to choose the correct answer from the two remaining choices to win any money.
Each correct answer earned $500. If the contestant an
Battlestar Galactica is an American science fiction media franchise created by Glen A. Larson; the franchise began with the original television series in 1978 and was followed by a short-run sequel series, a line of book adaptations, original novels, comic books, a board game, video games. A re-imagined version of Battlestar Galactica aired as a two-part, three-hour miniseries developed by Ronald D. Moore and David Eick in 2003; that miniseries led to a weekly television series, which aired until 2009. A prequel series, aired in 2010. All Battlestar Galactica productions share the premise that in a distant part of the universe, a human civilization has extended to a group of planets known as the Twelve Colonies, to which they have migrated from their ancestral homeworld of Kobol; the Twelve Colonies have been engaged in a lengthy war with a cybernetic race known as the Cylons, whose goal is the extermination of the human race. The Cylons offer peace to the humans. With the aid of a human named Baltar, the Cylons carry out a massive attack on the Twelve Colonies and on the Colonial Fleet of starships that protect them.
These attacks devastate the Colonial Fleet, lay waste to the Colonies, destroy their populations. Scattered survivors flee into outer space aboard a ragtag array of available spaceships. Of the entire Colonial battle fleet, only the Battlestar Galactica, a gigantic battleship and spacecraft carrier, appears to have survived the Cylon attack. Under the leadership of Commander Adama, the Galactica and the pilots of "Viper fighters" lead a fugitive fleet of survivors in search of the fabled thirteenth colony known as Earth. Glen A. Larson, the creator and executive producer of Battlestar Galactica, claimed he had conceived of the Battlestar Galactica premise, which he called Adam's Ark, during the late 1960s; as James E. Ford detailed in “Battlestar Galactica and Mormon Theology,” a paper read at the Joint Conference of the American Culture and Popular Culture Associations on 17 April 1980, the series incorporated many themes from Mormon theology, such as marriage for "time and eternity", a "council of twelve," a lost thirteenth tribe of humans, a planet called Kobol, as Larson was a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
However, he was unable to find financial backing for his TV series for a number of years. Battlestar Galactica was produced in the wake of the success of the 1977 film Star Wars; the original Cylons of Battlestar Galactica, robotic antagonists bent on destroying all humankind, owe much to Fred Saberhagen's berserker stories, including Saberhagen's fictional race The Builders whose "sliding single red eye" became the signature design element for the Cylons. Larson had envisioned Battlestar Galactica as a series of made-for-TV movies for the American Broadcasting Company. A shortened version of the three-hour pilot, Saga of a Star World, was screened in Canadian theaters and in American and Australian theaters on. Instead of two additional TV movies, ABC decided to commission a weekly TV series of one-hour episodes. In 1979 at the sixth annual People's Choice Awards, the TV series won in the category of "Best New TV Drama Series"; the first episode of the TV series was broadcast on September 17, 1978.
However, about 30 minutes before the end, that broadcast was interrupted by the announcement of the signing of the Egyptian–Israeli Camp David Accords. After the interruption, the episode picked back up. During the eight months after the pilot's first broadcast, 17 original episodes of the series were made, equivalent to a standard 24-episode TV season. Citing declining ratings and cost overruns, ABC canceled Battlestar Galactica in April 1979, its final episode "The Hand of God" was telecast on April 29, 1979. During the autumn of 1979, ABC executives met with Battlestar Galactica's creator Glen A. Larson to consider restarting the series. A suitable concept was needed to draw viewers, it was decided that the arrival of the Colonial Fleet at present-day Earth would be the storyline. A new TV movie called. Again, it was decided this new version of Battlestar Galactica would be made into a weekly TV series. Despite the early success of the premiere, this program failed to achieve the popularity of the original series, it was canceled after just ten episodes.
In this 1980 sequel series, the Colonial fleet finds the Earth, it covertly protects it from the Cylons. This series was a quick failure due to its low budget panned writing, ill-chosen time slot; the TV series had to adhere to strict content restrictions such as limiting the number of acts of violence and being required to shoehorn educational content into the script and dialogue. To cut costs, the show was set on the contemporary Earth, to the great dismay of fans. Another factor for fan apathy was the nearly complete recasting of the original series: Lorne Greene reprised his role as Adama, Herb Jefferson, Jr. played "Colonel" Boomer in about half of the episodes, Dirk Benedict as Starbuck for one episode (the abrupt final episode, though his character was to h
The PDP-11 is a series of 16-bit minicomputers sold by Digital Equipment Corporation from 1970 into the 1990s, one of a succession of products in the PDP series. In total, around 600,000 PDP-11s of all models were sold, making it one of DEC's most successful product lines; the PDP-11 is considered by some experts to be the most popular minicomputer ever. The PDP-11 included a number of innovative features in its instruction set and additional general-purpose registers that made it much easier to program than earlier models in the series. Additionally, the innovative Unibus system allowed external devices to be interfaced to the system using direct memory access, opening the system to a wide variety of peripherals; the PDP-11 replaced the PDP-8 in many real-time applications, although both product lines lived in parallel for more than 10 years. But the ease of programming of the PDP-11 made it popular for general purpose computing uses as well; the design of the PDP-11 inspired the design of late-1970s microprocessors including the Intel x86 and the Motorola 68000.
Design features of PDP-11 operating systems, as well as other operating systems from Digital Equipment, influenced the design of other operating systems such as CP/M and hence MS-DOS. The first named version of Unix ran on the PDP-11/20 in 1970, it is stated that the C programming language took advantage of several low-level PDP-11–dependent programming features, albeit not by design. An effort to expand the PDP-11 from 16 to 32-bit addressing led to the VAX-11 design, which took part of its name from the PDP-11. In 1963, DEC introduced what is considered to be the first commercial minicomputer in the form of the PDP-5; this was a 12-bit design adapted from the 1962 LINC machine, intended to be used in a lab setting. DEC simplified the LINC system and instruction set, aiming the PDP-5 at smaller settings that did not need the power of their larger 18-bit PDP-4; the PDP-5 was a success selling about 50,000 examples. During this period, the computer market was moving from computer word lengths based on units of 6-bits to units of 8-bits, following the introduction of the 7-bit ASCII standard.
In 1967–68, DEC engineers designed a 16-bit machine, the PDP-X, but management cancelled the project. Several of the engineers from the PDP-X formed Data General; the next year they introduced the 16-bit Data General Nova. The Nova was a major success, selling tens of thousands of units and launching what would become one of DEC's major competitors through the 1970s and 80s. A subsequent effort, code-named "Desk Calculator", looked at a variety of options before choosing what became the 16-bit PDP-11. DEC sold over 170,000 PDP-11s in the 1970s. Manufactured of small-scale transistor–transistor logic, a single-board large scale integration version of the processor was developed in 1975. A two-or-three-chip processor, the J-11 was developed in 1979; the last models of the PDP-11 line were the PDP-11/94 and -11/93 introduced in 1990. The PDP-11 processor architecture has a orthogonal instruction set. For example, instead of instructions such as load and store, the PDP-11 has a move instruction for which either operand can be memory or register.
There are output instructions. More complex instructions such as add can have memory, input, or output as source or destination. Most operands can apply any of eight addressing modes to eight registers; the addressing modes provide register, absolute, relative and indexed addressing, can specify autoincrementation and autodecrementation of a register by one or two. Use of relative addressing lets a machine-language program be position-independent. Early models of the PDP-11 had no dedicated bus for input/output, but only a system bus called the Unibus, as input and output devices were mapped to memory addresses. An input/output device determined the memory addresses to which it would respond, specified its own interrupt vector and interrupt priority; this flexible framework provided by the processor architecture made it unusually easy to invent new bus devices, including devices to control hardware that had not been contemplated when the processor was designed. DEC published the basic Unibus specifications offering prototyping bus interface circuit boards, encouraging customers to develop their own Unibus-compatible hardware.
The Unibus made the PDP-11 suitable for custom peripherals. One of the predecessors of Alcatel-Lucent, the Bell Telephone Manufacturing Company, developed the BTMC DPS-1500 packet-switching network and used PDP-11s in the regional and national network management system, with the Unibus directly connected to the DPS-1500 hardware. Higher-performance members of the PDP-11 family, starting with the PDP-11/45 Unibus and 11/83 Q-bus systems, departed from the single-bus approach. Instead, memory was interfaced by dedicated circuitry and space in the CPU cabinet, while the Unibus continued to be used for I/O only. In the PDP-11/70, this was taken a step further, with the addition of a dedicated interface between disks and tapes and memory, via the Massbus. Although input/output devices continued to be mapped into memory addresses, some additional programming was necessary to set up the added bus interfaces; the PDP-11 supports hardware interrupts at four priority levels. Interrupts are serviced by software service routines, which could specify
Battlestar Galactica (2004 TV series)
Battlestar Galactica is an American military science fiction television series, part of the Battlestar Galactica franchise. The show was developed by Ronald D. Moore and executive produced by Moore and David Eick as a re-imagining of the 1978 Battlestar Galactica television series created by Glen A. Larson; the pilot for the series first aired as a three-hour miniseries in December 2003 on the Sci-Fi Channel, followed by four regular seasons, ending its run on March 20, 2009. The cast includes Edward James Olmos, Mary McDonnell, Katee Sackhoff, Jamie Bamber, James Callis, Tricia Helfer, Grace Park The series garnered a wide range of critical acclaim both at the time of its run and in the years since, including a Peabody Award, the Television Critics Association's Program of the Year Award, a placement inside Time's 100 Best TV Shows of All-Time, Emmy nominations for its writing, costume design, visual effects, sound mixing, sound editing, with Emmy wins for both visual effects and sound editing.
In 2019, The New York Times placed the show on its list of "The 20 Best TV Dramas Since The Sopranos", a 20-year period many critics call "the golden age of television."Battlestar Galactica is set in a distant star system, where a civilization of humans lives on a group of planets known as the Twelve Colonies. In the past, the Colonies had been at war with an android race of their own creation, known as the Cylons. With the unwitting help of a human scientist named Gaius Baltar, the Cylons launch a sudden sneak attack on the Colonies, laying waste to the planets and devastating their populations. Out of a population numbering in the billions, only 50,000 humans survive, most of whom were aboard civilian ships that avoided destruction. Of all the Colonial Fleet, the eponymous Battlestar Galactica appears to be the only military capital ship that survived the attack. Under the leadership of Colonial Fleet officer Commander William "Bill" Adama and now-President Laura Roslin, the Galactica and its crew take up the task of leading the small fugitive fleet of survivors into space in search of a fabled thirteenth colony known as Earth.
The series spawned the prequel spin-off TV series Caprica, which aired for one season in 2010. Another spin-off, Battlestar Galactica: Blood & Chrome, was released in November 2012 as a web series of ten 10-minute episodes, aired on February 10, 2013, on Syfy as a televised movie. Battlestar Galactica continued from the 2003 miniseries to chronicle the journey of the last surviving humans from the Twelve Colonies of Kobol, after their nuclear annihilation by the Cylons; the survivors are led by President Laura Roslin and Commander William Adama in a ragtag fleet of ships with the Battlestar Galactica, an old, but powerful warship, as its command ship. Pursued by Cylons intent on wiping out the remnants of the human race, the survivors travel across the galaxy looking for the fabled and long-lost "thirteenth" colony: Earth. Unlike most space opera series, Battlestar Galactica has no humanoid aliens, the primary armaments used by both military forces utilize bullets, rail guns, missiles instead of lasers, the series intentionally avoids technobabble.
Instead, most of the stories deal with the apocalyptic fallout of the destruction of the Twelve Colonies upon the survivors, the moral choices they must make as they deal with the decline of the human race and their war with the Cylons. Stories portray the concept of perpetuated cycles of hate and violence driving the human-Cylon conflict, religion, with the implication of a "God" whose angelic agents appear to certain main characters. Over the course of the show's four seasons, the war between the Colonials and the Cylons takes many twists and turns. Despite the animosity on both sides, the humans and a faction of the Cylons form an uneasy alliance, in the wake of the Cylon Civil War; the Cylon leader, a humanoid Cylon "Number One" named John Cavil, precipitated the schism in the Cylon ranks. Cavil deceives the other models by obsessively hiding the identities and origins of the remaining five humanoid Cylon models, the "Final Five", known only to him, are a more ancient type of Cylon, created by a previous iteration of human civilization.
Other plotlines involve the mysterious destiny of Kara "Starbuck" Thrace, the subject of a prophecy claiming that she is the "Harbinger of Death" who will "lead them all to its end", as well as the redemption of Gaius Baltar through the Cylons' monotheistic religion, after he becomes a pariah within the fleet. In the final episodes, an inexplicably resurrected Kara Thrace leads the surviving humans and their Cylon allies to a new planet, which Adama names "Earth"; the first group of survivors settle in ancient Africa. The "real" Earth that the Colonials had searched for during their years in space was revealed in an earlier episode to have been inhabited thousands of years before by a previous form of humanoid Cylons; these humanoid Cylons had created their own Centurion robotic slaves, who waged a nuclear attack against their masters, devastating the planet and making it uninhabitable. The new Earth is found to be inhabited by early humans, who are genetically compatible with the humans from the Galactica and the rest of the fleet, but who possess only the most rudimentary civilization.
The surviving humans and humanoid Cylons settle on the new planet Earth.