Biersdorf am See
Biersdorf am See is a municipality in the district of Bitburg-Prüm, in Rhineland-Palatinate, western Germany
Dudeldorf is a municipality in the district of Bitburg-Prüm, in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Dudeldorf is located 10 km east of Bitburg, 42 km north of Trier, 32 km east of the border to Luxembourg. In the year 816 Duodelonis villa is first mentioned; the lineage von Dudeldorf possessed two castles, which were mentioned in sources of the Middle Ages. They were a fief of the Count of Vianden to the Archbishop of Trier. During the late 1375 became extinct in the male line, followed by changing owner of domination and two fortified houses; the 1345 by King John of Bohemia, awarded as Count of Luxembourg city rights assumed the " oppidum de Dudelendorp " directly to the sovereign. 1451 permitted the lords John, Count of Nassau and Diez, Johann, Lord of Kriechingen, the citizens, to impose a tax that should be used to restore the gates and walls. Around 1470 succeeded Count George Von Virneburg the only known enemy incursion into Dudeldorf, who went without a fight in front of him, but in which a fire was started.
The extent of damage is unknown. 1632 came the brown of Schmidtburg over the Grundhof the imperial abbey of St. Maximin in the possession of both castle houses. 1734 still existing of the two houses has been increased, the second still appears in the Austrian cadastral map from 1766, due to his poor state but as a sheep barn. How Ordorf Dudeldorf belonged until 1789 to the Duchy of Luxembourg; the basic rule practiced until 1794 three gentlemen from: Trier monasteries St. Irminen, St Maximin and the lords in Dudeldorf, Ordorf and a part of Gondorf. After the sale of the palace in 1813 the church was left a part of the building as a school. 1856 were lost with the adoption of rural municipal code privileges. Dudeldorf was henceforth rural commune and seat of an Amtsbürgermeisterei in the district of Bitburg. In 1860 the mayors Gindorf and Ordorf were combined with Dudeldorf to the Official Dudeldorf. In 1937 the neighboring Ordorf was incorporated into Dudeldorf. In the summer of 1970, German soldiers billeted in its surroundings.
The publication on 1 September 1939 called for the convening of all reservists. In early 2024, a stronger, sharper training and service of troops quartered. With the start of the Western campaign Dudeldorfer the troops advanced within a few hours; the end of 1940 attracted 121 Dudeldorfer soldiers in the war, one in eight citizens. Farmers and farmers from Dudeldorf were asked to increase their food production; the school children of the elementary school in Dudeldorf studied the fields off to Colorado beetles to prevent these erode the harvest. In the years 1943 and 1944, there were more low-flying attacks in Dudeldorf. In the district graveyard in Philipp Straße a radar station for air defense was built; the accompanying soldiers were housed in self- built shacks. In June 1944, 22 American bombs fell on the grounds of the radar station and on the adjoining grounds Katzenpfädchen - Lehmkaule, without causing any military damage; the population had been disturbed by this event. Farmers, since working nachschauten the past flying bombers in the fields, came into her own risk and sought henceforth in an air raid air raid shelter on.
In the autumn of the same year, the harvest was incorporated into the darkness, as the constant air raids made the field work during the day impossible. Due to the advance of the Allied troops, the German soldiers went, in September 1944 back from France and based in Dudeldorf quarters; the soldiers erected a military hospital for horses. A few weeks these soldiers withdrew and Air Force soldiers took over with anti-aircraft guns to the positions Dudeldorf. In the second week of September, the first military columns of workers arrived in Dudeldorf, they were built anti-tank ditches to Dudeldorf. On 17 September 1944 was introduced to the local clamp that a refugee train in Philipp drop their home into the Reich interior. Few took advantage of this opportunity. After the Americans were advancing closer, tank traps, trenches and other defenses were built in large hassle; the number of German soldiers grew more in the village. On New Year's Eve the flak was attacked outside the village; some of these bombs fell on the adjoining houses in Dudeldorf.
Four bombs smashed on the long wall, while two people were injured and four died. In the coming winter, the soldiers withdrew from Dudeldorf. However, it lacked the troops on fuel. So they moved their luggage with handcarts; as more and more poorly equipped soldiers dissociated themselves and thus well-equipped Americans were advancing, the people expected the worst. On the heights to Dudeldorf guns were placed; the low-flying aircraft attacked the to display ragged German soldiers. Bombs fell and the artillery shells struck a village. From now on, the shelters were made for permanent residence, it exhibited there beds and kitchen facilities. After the abrupt escape the Nazi circle line from Dudeldorf, began on 1 March 1945 the battle for the area around Dudeldorf. Two days on 3 March left the last German soldiers were paratroopers and airborne troops, Dudeldorf. In their retreat, the soldiers blew up two bridges connecting the lower village to the upper village. With the explosion of the houses wore in the lower village, major damage with it.
There is hardly a house had at this time doors or windows, as these were destroyed by the blast. A few hours after the explosions, in the night of 3 on 4 March, the Americans moved into Dudeldorf, they shot with phosphorus shells with several buildings caught fire. I
Badem is a municipality in the district of Bitburg-Prüm, in Rhineland-Palatinate, western Germany
Rhineland-Palatinate is a state of Germany. Rhineland-Palatinate is located in western Germany covering an area of 19,846 km2 and a population of 4.05 million inhabitants, the seventh-most populous German state. Mainz is the state capital and largest city, while other major cities include Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Trier and Worms. Rhineland-Palatinate is surrounded by the states of North Rhine-Westphalia, Baden-Württemberg, Hesse, it borders three foreign countries: France and Belgium. Rhineland-Palatinate was established in 1946 after World War II from territory of the separate regions of the Free State of Prussia, People's State of Hesse, Bavaria, by the French military administration in Allied-occupied Germany. Rhineland-Palatinate became part of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949, shared the country's only border with the Saar Protectorate until it was returned to German control in 1957. Rhineland-Palatinate has since developed its own identity built on its natural and cultural heritage, including the extensive Palatinate winegrowing region, its picturesque landscapes, many castles and palaces.
The state of Rhineland-Palatinate was founded shortly after the Second World War on 30 August 1946. It was formed from the southern part of the Prussian Rhine Province, from Rhenish Hesse, from the western part of Nassau and the Bavarian Rhenish Palatinate minus the county of Saarpfalz; the Joint German-Luxembourg Sovereign Region is the only unincorporated area of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. This condominium is formed by the rivers Moselle and Our, where they run along the border between Luxembourg and Rhineland-Palatinate or the Saarland; the present state of Rhineland-Palatinate formed part of the French Zone of Occupation after the Second World War. It comprised the former Bavarian Palatinate, the Regierungsbezirke of Koblenz and Trier of the old Prussian Rhine Province, those parts of the Province of Rhenish Hesse west of the River Rhine and belonging to the People's State of Hesse, parts of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau, the former Oldenburg region around Birkenfeld. On 10 July 1945, the occupation authority on the soil of the present-day Rhineland-Palatinate transferred from the Americans to the French.
To begin with, the French divided the region provisionally into two "upper presidiums", Rhineland-Hesse-Nassau and Hesse-Palatinate. The formation of the state was ordained on 30 August 1946, the last state in the Western Zone of Occupation to be established, by Regulation No. 57 of the French military government under General Marie-Pierre Kœnig. It was called Rhenish-Palatinate; the provisional French government at that time wanted to leave the option open of annexing further areas west of the Rhine after the Saarland was turned into a protectorate. When the Americans and British, had led the way with the establishment of German federal states, the French came under increasing pressure and followed their example by setting up the states of Baden, Württemberg-Hohenzollern, Rhineland-Palatinate. However, the French military government forbade the Saarland joining Rhineland-Palatinate. Mainz was named as the state capital in the regulation. However, war damage and destruction meant that Mainz did not have enough administrative buildings, so the headquarters of the state government and parliament was provisionally established in Koblenz.
On 22 November 1946, the constituent meeting of the Advisory State Assembly took place there, a draft constitution was drawn up. Local elections had been held. Wilhelm Boden was nominated on 2 December as the minister president of the new state by the French military government. Adolf Süsterhenn submitted a draft constitution to the Advisory State Assembly, passed after several rounds of negotiation on 25 April 1947 in a final vote with the absolute majority of the CDU voting for and the SPD and KPD voting against it. One of the reasons for this was that the draft constitution made provision for separate schools based on Christian denomination. On 18 May 1947, the Constitution for Rhineland-Palatinate was adopted by 53% of the electorate in a referendum. While the Catholic north and west of the new state adopted the constitution by a majority, it was rejected by the majority in Rhenish Hesse and the Palatinate. On the same date, the first elections took place for the state parliament, the Landtag of Rhineland-Palatinate.
The inaugural assembly of parliament took place on 4 June 1947 in the large city hall at Koblenz. Wilhelm Boden was elected the first minister-president of Rhineland-Palatinate. Just one month Peter Altmeier succeeded him; the constitutional bodies, the Government, the Parliament and the Constitutional Court, established their provisional sea
Bitburg is a city in Germany, in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate 25 km northwest of Trier and 50 km northeast of Luxembourg city. The American Spangdahlem Air Base is nearby; the city's name derives from Beda. Bitburg originated 2,000 years ago as a stopover for traffic from Lyon through Metz and Trier to Cologne; the first name mentioned was Vicus Beda. Emperor Constantine the Great expanded the settlement to a road castle around 330, the central part of which forms the town centre today. Bitburg is first documented only after the end of the Roman Empire around 715 as castrum bedense, it subsequently became part of Franconia. The first mention of Bitburg in historic annals occurred in connection with the signing in 1239 of the Trier-Luxembourg Treaty between Archbishop Theoderich II of Trier and Countess Ermesinde II of Luxemburg, under which the town came under the archbishopric's protection. Bitburg received a town charter in 1262 from Count Henry V of Luxembourg. In 1443, Bitburg came under the sway of the Duchy of Burgundy in 1506 was acquired by the Austrian Netherlands, which controlled most of modern Belgium.
In 1794 the city came under French administration, in 1798 became part of the newly created Département des Forêts. This led to a short lived economic upturn, Bitburg received among other things a court and a land registry. In 1815, under agreements at the Congress of Vienna following the final defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte, Bitburg was transferred to the Kingdom of Prussia, where until 1822 it belonged administratively to the province of Lower Rhine, afterwards to the Rhine province. With the unification of Germany under Prussian dominance in 1871, Bitburg became part of the German Empire, after World War I the Weimar Republic of Germany. In the interwar years, like most of the Eifel region, was impoverished and comparatively backward. Economic growth began after the Nazi Seizure of Power and the Nazi regime's introduction of employment-boosting public works projects, including infrastructure for war the Westwall, it is said that the building now used as the post office at Bitburg Annex was the headquarters for Adolf Hitler when he was in the city.
In late December 1944, Bitburg was 85 percent destroyed by Allied bombing attacks, officially designated by the U. S. military as a "dead city." Subsequently, the town was occupied by Luxembourg soldiers, who were replaced by French forces in 1955. In 1952 a North Atlantic Treaty Organization base was opened at Bitburg by the U. S. Air Force. At the end of the 1980s, French troops were withdrawn and NATO took over the former French barracks. After the First Gulf War most of the USAF forces were moved to the larger Spangdahlem Air Base, about 12 km east of Bitburg. In 1994, NATO turned the Bitburg Air Base over to the city, which devoted it to public works projects; the Kyll Valley railway was abandoned in the early 21st century, part of it was converted into a bicycle path. In 1985, Bitburg came to international attention due to a ceremonial visit by U. S. President Ronald Reagan and German Chancellor Helmut Kohl to the nearby Kolmeshöhe Military Cemetery – which among its 2,000 graves included those of 49 members of the Waffen-SS.
The most known Bitburg enterprise, landmark of the city, is the Bitburger brewery. Its Pilsener-style lager beer ranks No. 3 among Germany's best selling beers, with sales of 3.86 million hectolitres. In 1995, the former NATO base was designated the Bitburg Airfield Trade Area, providing commercial development district where 180 enterprises have established themselves. Bitburg-Erdorf station is part of the Eifel line. Trains that pass through include: The Eifel Mosel express - Cologne, Gerolstein, Trier; the Eifel line - Gerolstein, Trier. The Regional Museum of Bitburg-Prüm is housed in a former agricultural school It contains numerous artifacts of the history of Bitburg and the Eifel Region in general. In the cultural center Haus Beda are exhibited works of the Düsseldorf painter Fritz von Wille, the Eifel's most known artist. More than 100 paintings are on display, including Die blaue Blume, Burg Reifferscheid im Winter and Ein klarer Tag. Bitburg is partnered or twinned with: Arlon, Belgium since 1965 Bad Köstritz, Germany since 1992 Diekirch, Luxembourg since 1962 Rethel, France since 1965 Shelbyville, Kentucky since 1962 Charles-Mathias Simons, Luxembourg jurist and politician Jean-Marc Barr, French actor, director and screenwriter Martin Lejeune, jazz musician Sven Voigt, military aviator The Eighties Club: Bitburg
Arzfeld is a municipality in the district Bitburg-Prüm, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is situated near the border with Luxembourg, approx. 20 km north-west of Bitburg and 25 km south-east of Sankt-Vith. Arzfeld is the seat of the Verbandsgemeinde Arzfeld
Bollendorf is a German municipality in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, located on the left bank of the Sauer river, opposite the Luxembourgish town of Bollendorf-Pont