Arbatskaya (Arbatsko–Pokrovskaya line)
Arbatskaya is a station on the Arbatsko–Pokrovskaya line of the Moscow Metro. Along with Smolenskaya and Kievskaya, it was built in 1953 to replace an older, parallel section of track which has since become part of the Filyovskaya line; the old station had been damaged in a German bomb attack in 1941, so its replacement was much deeper and included larger stations that could double as shelters. Although it was supposed to be closed permanently, the old section reopened five years creating the somewhat confusing situation of having two pairs of separate stations with the same names. Arbatskaya was designed by Valentin Pelevin and Yury Zenkevich. Since it was meant to serve as a bomb shelter as well as a Metro station, Arbatskaya is both large and deep; the main tunnel is elliptical in cross-section, an unusual departure from the standard circular design. The station features low, square pylons faced with red marble and a high vaulted ceiling elaborately decorated with ornamental brackets, floral reliefs, chandeliers.
From this station passengers can transfer to Biblioteka Imeni Lenina on the Sokolnicheskaya line, Aleksandrovsky Sad on the Filyovskaya line, Borovitskaya on the Serpukhovsko–Timiryazevskaya line. Despite the name, however, it is not possible to transfer to Arbatskaya on the Filyovskaya line; the station and Arbatskaya on the Filyovskaya line are featured in the Resident Evil: Retribution Moscow segment. The station, alongside Aleksandrovskiy Sad, Biblioteka Lenina, Borovitskaya, makes up the'city-state' of Polis in the Metro 2033 series of games and novels. Metro.ru mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info – Station location and exits on Moscow map
Elektrozavodskaya (Moscow Metro)
Elektrozavodskaya is a Moscow Metro station on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line. It is one of better-known stations of the system. Built as part of the third stage of the Moscow Metro and opened on 15 May 1944 during World War II, the station is one of the iconic symbols of the system, famous for its architectural decoration, work of architects Vladimir Shchuko and Vladimir Gelfreich, along with participation of his student Igor Rozhin; the station serves the Basmanny district and is located on the Bolshaya Semyonovskaya Street, next to the Yauza River. The railway station Elektrazavodskaya of the Kazan direction is located nearby. In May 2007, the station was closed for a year during which the escalators were replaced, along with the floor panels. Most of the details and finishes including Motovilov's bas-reliefs were refurbished; the station was reopened on 28 November 2008. By 2022, the station will be open to go to the Big Ring Metro Line named Rubtsovskaya. Named after the electric light bulb factory nearby, the preliminary layout included Schuko's idea of making the ceiling covered with six rows of circular incandescent inset lamps.
However the outbreak of World War II halted. Gelfreich and Rozhin finished the design by adding an addition theme to the station the struggle of the home front during the war, highlighted by the 12 marble bas-reliefs on the pylons done by Georgiy Motovilov; the rest of the station's interior features most of the 1930s plans including powder-ballada marble on the rectangular pylons, red salietti marble on the station walls, a dark olive duvalu marble on the socle and a chessboard layout on the main platform floor of granite and labradorite. The station's hexagonal shaped vestibule, features a domed structure on a low drum, on the corner niches of which are six medallions with bas-reliefs of main pioneers in electricity and electrical engineering: William Gilbert, Benjamin Franklin, Mikhail Lomonosov, Michael Faraday, Pavel Yablochkov, Alexander Popov along with their pioneering apparatus; the interior of the vestibule is further punctuated by the same bright red salietti marble. Outside the vestibule in the archway there is a sculpture to the metro-builders by Matvey Manizer.
The station's legacy was that it serves as a bridge between the pre-war Art Deco-influenced Stalinist architecture as seen on the second stage stations and their post-war counterparts on the Koltsevaya Line. Both Gelfreich and Rozhin were awarded the Stalin Prize in 1946 for their work
Izmaylovskaya (Moscow Metro)
Izmaylovskaya is a Moscow Metro station on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line. It is one of the few surface level stations of the system. Moscow's harsh winters make above-ground stations impractical, but the design nonetheless enjoyed brief popularity between 1958 and 1966 because of the low construction costs. Izmaylovskaya was built in 1961 to replace the old Pervomayskaya station, in use since 1954; the design of the station features an elevated vestibule, reached from the street via two flights of steps, which sits on top of the ground-level platform. The platform is spartan, with a canopy providing some protection from the elements and pillars faced with white marble; the architect was Ivan Taranov. The station has a direct entrance to Izmaylovsky Park. Metro.ru mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
The Moskva River is a river of western Russia. It rises about 140 km west of Moscow, flows east through the Smolensk and Moscow Oblasts, passing through central Moscow. About 110 km south east of Moscow, at the city of Kolomna, it flows into the Oka River, itself a tributary of the Volga, which flows into the Caspian Sea. Moskva and Moscow are two different renderings of the same Russian word Москва; the city is named after the river. Finno-Ugric Merya and Muroma people, who inhabited the area, called the river Mustajoki, it has been suggested that the name of the city derives from this term, although several theories exist. To distinguish the river and the city, Russians call the river Moskva-reka instead of just Moskva; the river is 503 km long, with a vertical drop of 155 m. The area of its drainage basin is 17,600 km2; the maximum depth is 3 metres above Moscow city limits, up to 6 metres below it. It freezes in November–December and begins to thaw around late March. In Moscow, the river freezes occasionally.
The absolute water level in downtown Moscow is 120 metres above sea level. The main tributaries are the Ruza, Yauza and Severka rivers. Sources of water are estimated as 12 % rain and 27 % subterranean. Since completion of the Moscow Canal, the Moskva River has collected a share of Upper Volga water; this has enabled reliable commercial shipping, interrupted by summer droughts. The average discharge, including Volga waters, varies from 38 m3/s near Zvenigorod to 250 m3/s at the Oka inlet; the speed of the current, depending on the season, varies from 0.1 m/s to 1.5–2.0 m/s. Moscow, the capital of Russia, is situated on its banks; the river flows through the towns of Mozhaysk, Zhukovsky, Voskresensk, — at the confluence of the Moskva and Oka — Kolomna. As of 2007, there are its canals within Moscow city limits. Within the city, the river is 120–200 metres wide, the narrowest point being under the Kremlin walls. Drinking water for the city of Moscow is collected from five stations on the Moskva River and from the Upper Volga reservoirs.
Canals, built within Moscow city limits, have created a number of islands. Some of them have names in Russian, some have none. Major, permanent islands are: Serebryany Bor. Separated from the mainland in the 1930s. Tatarskaya Poyma known as Mnyovniki. Separated from the mainland in the 1930s Balchug Island known as Bolotny Ostrov, lying just opposite the Kremlin; the island was formed by the construction of the Vodootvodny Canal in the 1780s, has no official name in Russian. Moscow residents informally call it "Bolotny Ostrov" while members of Moscow's English-speaking community refer to it as Balchug. One uninhabited island north of Nagatino. Three uninhabited islands east of Nagatino, connected by the Pererva lock system. There is a fleet of river ice-breaker cruisers which ply routes from moorings at the Hotel Ukraine and Gorky Park to the Novospassky Monastery and back. Duration of trips ranges from 1.5 to 3 hours. "Moskva". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920
Partizanskaya (Moscow Metro)
Partizanskaya, known until 2005 as Izmailovsky Park, is a station on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It is dedicated to the Soviet partisans who resisted the Nazis; the name was changed on the 60th anniversary of Soviet victory to better reflect the theme of the station. The station's design was the work of architect Vilenskiy. Partizanskaya is an unusual three-track layout with two island platforms; the centre track was built to handle crowds from a nearby stadium, planned but never built because of the war. The centre track is still used for the trains heading to the Izmailovo depot. There is one row of pillars per platform. Both the walls and pillars of the station are faced with white marble and decorated with bas-reliefs honouring the partisans; the two pillars closest to the exit stairs are adorned with statues: Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya on the left and Matvey Kuzmin on the right. The circular ceiling niche at the foot of the stairs contained a fresco by A. D. Goncharov, though this has since been painted over.
At the top of the stairs is a sculptural group by Matvey Manizer entitled "Partisans" and bearing the inscription "To partisans and partisan glory!". Station's original name was "Izmailovsky park kul'tury i otdyha imeni Stalina", it was changed to "Izmailovskaya" in 1948. In 1961, new station, named "Izmailovsky Park" at the time of its opening, was introduced, and in 1963, names of stations "Izmailovskaya" and "Izmailovsky Park" were switched, reason being which station was closer to the actual park's main entrance. The 2005's rename to "Partizanskaya" has been mentioned in the open letter of a resigning Moscow's toponymy commission member, as one of a number of then-recent renames with political causes rather than the historical toponymy upholding ones. Metro.ru mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits, 17 million within the urban area and 20 million within the metropolitan area. Moscow is one of Russia's federal cities. Moscow is the major political, economic and scientific center of Russia and Eastern Europe, as well as the largest city on the European continent. By broader definitions, Moscow is among the world's largest cities, being the 14th largest metro area, the 18th largest agglomeration, the 14th largest urban area, the 11th largest by population within city limits worldwide. According to Forbes 2013, Moscow has been ranked as the ninth most expensive city in the world by Mercer and has one of the world's largest urban economies, being ranked as an alpha global city according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, is one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in the world according to the MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index. Moscow is the coldest megacity on Earth.
It is home to the Ostankino Tower, the tallest free standing structure in Europe. By its territorial expansion on July 1, 2012 southwest into the Moscow Oblast, the area of the capital more than doubled, going from 1,091 to 2,511 square kilometers, resulting in Moscow becoming the largest city on the European continent by area. Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia, making it Europe's most populated inland city; the city is well known for its architecture its historic buildings such as Saint Basil's Cathedral with its colorful architectural style. With over 40 percent of its territory covered by greenery, it is one of the greenest capitals and major cities in Europe and the world, having the largest forest in an urban area within its borders—more than any other major city—even before its expansion in 2012; the city has served as the capital of a progression of states, from the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow and the subsequent Tsardom of Russia to the Russian Empire to the Soviet Union and the contemporary Russian Federation.
Moscow is a seat of power of the Government of Russia, being the site of the Moscow Kremlin, a medieval city-fortress, today the residence for work of the President of Russia. The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are one of several World Heritage Sites in the city. Both chambers of the Russian parliament sit in the city. Moscow is considered the center of Russian culture, having served as the home of Russian artists and sports figures and because of the presence of museums and political institutions and theatres; the city is served by a transit network, which includes four international airports, nine railway terminals, numerous trams, a monorail system and one of the deepest underground rapid transit systems in the world, the Moscow Metro, the fourth-largest in the world and largest outside Asia in terms of passenger numbers, the busiest in Europe. It is recognized as one of the city's landmarks due to the rich architecture of its 200 stations. Moscow has acquired a number of epithets, most referring to its size and preeminent status within the nation: The Third Rome, the Whitestone One, the First Throne, the Forty Soroks.
Moscow is one of the twelve Hero Cities. The demonym for a Moscow resident is "москвич" for male or "москвичка" for female, rendered in English as Muscovite; the name "Moscow" is abbreviated "MSK". The name of the city is thought to be derived from the name of the Moskva River. There have been proposed several theories of the origin of the name of the river. Finno-Ugric Merya and Muroma people, who were among the several Early Eastern Slavic tribes which inhabited the area, called the river Mustajoki, it has been suggested. The most linguistically well grounded and accepted is from the Proto-Balto-Slavic root *mŭzg-/muzg- from the Proto-Indo-European *meu- "wet", so the name Moskva might signify a river at a wetland or a marsh, its cognates include Russian: музга, muzga "pool, puddle", Lithuanian: mazgoti and Latvian: mazgāt "to wash", Sanskrit: májjati "to drown", Latin: mergō "to dip, immerse". In many Slavic countries Moskov is a surname, most common in Bulgaria, Russia and North Macedonia. There exist as well similar place names in Poland like Mozgawa.
The original Old Russian form of the name is reconstructed as *Москы, *Mosky, hence it was one of a few Slavic ū-stem nouns. As with other nouns of that declension, it had been undergoing a morphological transformation at the early stage of the development of the language, as a result the first written mentions in the 12th century were Московь, Moskovĭ, Москви, Moskvi, Москвe/Москвѣ, Moskve/Moskvě. From the latter forms came the modern Russian name Москва, a result of morphological generalisation with the numerous Slavic ā-stem nouns. However, the form Moskovĭ has left some traces in many other languages, such as English: Moscow, German: Moskau, French: Moscou, Georgian: მოსკოვი, Latvian: Maskava, Ottoman Turkish: Moskov, Tatar: Мәскәү, Mäskäw, Kazakh: Мәскеу, Mäskew, Chuvash: Мускав, etc. In a similar manner the Latin name Moscovia has been formed it became a collo
Moscow Kursky railway station
Kursky railway terminal known as Moscow Kurskaya railway station, is one of the nine railway terminals in Moscow. It was built in 1896. There are plans to rebuild or refurbish the station. Kursky station, unlike most Moscow terminals, operates two opposite railroad directions from Moscow: one toward Kursk, after which the station is named, that stretches on into Ukraine, another toward Nizhniy Novgorod, less used by long distance trains for the high-speed service to Nizhniy. Kursky is connected to the Lengradskiy Line from the other side, enabling long-distance trains from St. Petersburg to other cities to pass through Russia's capital; because of its three directions, its adjacency to the city center, its connection to three major metro lines, Kursky is one of Moscow's busiest railway stations. Note: Sapsan is now replaced with Talgo Strizh since 2015. Suburban commuter trains connect Kursky station with the towns of Podolsk, Chekhov, Tula on Kursk direction and Reutov, Zheleznodorozhny, Staraya Kupavna, Elektrostal, Pavlovsky Posad, Orekhovo-Zuevo and Pokrov on the Gorkovsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway.
Besides that, Kurskiy Station has commuter connections with the Rizhskiy and Leningradsky directions, although less frequent. Platform height rules under the newest GOST standards, DC commuter EMUs dedicated platforms in Moscow urban area must be 1,100 mm, while the platforms for the long-distance trains must be either 200 mm and 550 mm. Moscow Kurskaya station platforms should get reconstruction soon. Proposed platform layout: Platform 1: Height of 200 mm, Length of 800 metres Platform 1&2: Height of 200 mm, Length of 800 metres narrow Platform 3&4: Height of 550 mm, Length of 800 metres Platform 5&6: Height of 1,100 mm, Length of 400 metres Platform 7&8: Height of 1,100 mm, Length of 400 metres Platform 10&11: Height of 550 mm, Length of 800 metres Platform 12&13: Height of 200 mm, Length of 800 metres Platform 14&15: Height of 200 mm, Length of 800 metres Kursky station Official site Russian Railways