SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Bavarian Crown Jewels

The Bavarian Crown Jewels are a set of crown jewels created for the Kingdom of Bavaria, which existed from 1806 to 1918. In 1806, as part of his wholescale re-ordering of the map of Europe, Emperor Napoléon I of the French upgraded the independent German duchy of Bavaria to full kingdom status; the former Duke of Bavaria, now King of Bavaria, Maximilian I, commemorated the fact by commissioning a set of crown jewels for use by Bavarian monarchs. However, there was no coronation ceremony, the king never wore the crown in public. Rather, it was placed on a cushion when displayed on occasions such as the king's ascension or his funeral. Included in the regalia were: The Crown of Bavaria - the King's crown, set with rubies, emeralds and pearls; the Palatinate Pearl is kept with the crown jewels, however it is not part of the collection. As a result of the First World War, the German monarchies were abolished in 1918 and since Bavaria has not had a monarch; the Bavarian Crown Jewels are on display in the Treasury of the Residenz palace in Munich

Reda–Hel railway

The Reda–Hel railway is a Polish 62-kilometre long railway line, that connects the Hel Peninsula with Reda and Gdynia. The railway is located in the northern part of the Pomeranian Voivodeship; the line is non-electrified. This is the only standard gauge railway line built on the spit; the line was created in stages from 1879 to 1928. Construction of the final stretch of the line started in 1922 was opened in 1928. Part of the line at the port of Hel was demolished. In Swarzewo was the only railway junction on the route with the Swarzewo–Krokowa railway which closed in 1991. For the third time rail traffic from Puck to Krokowa it was suspended in the late 80s and early 90s in May 1989 on this route ceased to run passenger trains, in 1991 marks In March 2001, thanks to the intervention and funding the local government of Pomerania line was saved from closure. On 26 September 1993 the last scheduled steam passenger train operated along the line. In 1998 the line was modernised. Stations have been equipped with a remotely controlled traffic centre from Gdynia, so that the presence of service stations along the route became redundant.

In 2005, to support local connections between Gdynia and Hel began to be use railcars and diesel multiple units manufactured by PESA SA. In 2006, these vehicles took over all the services on the line. In the summer season due to the increasing number of travellers, locomotive hauled trains are used. On 5 October 2011 an agreement with Salcef Costruzioni edili E Ferroviaria for the revitalization of the entire line No. 213 was signed. Modernisation of the line included improving the platforms and renovating buildings; the speed was increased to 100 km/h with the exception of the Puck-Wladyslawowo section, where the speed is 90 km/h. This was to shorten the travel time by 15–25 minutes. Renovation began in spring of 2012 and resulted in the temporary closure of the line until 10 September 2012. Due to increased transportation during the holiday season, train traffic was reinstated during the summer of 2013. In the period from 2 September 2013 to 14 June 2014 traffic on the line was again suspended.

The next closure took place on between 15 and 19 November 2014. On 4 to 11 May 2015 traffic on the route Władysławowo - Hel was again stopped. Modernisation was completed in July 2015. With the execution of the planned works travel time between Reda and Hel has been shortened by 17 minutes. Due to the number of tourists to the area the line has high variations through the seasons, therefore two timetables exist for the line depending on the season; the line is used year-round by regional services between Gdynia and Hel. Long-distance trains only operate during the summer holidays due to the influx of tourists to the Hel Peninsula; this route runs several pairs of express trains from other parts of Poland. These trains are hauled by diesel locomotives from Gdynia. There is little freight traffic along the line due to a lack in industry. Railway lines of Poland Media related to Railway line 213 at Wikimedia Commons

Science and Technology Education Innovation Center

The Science and Technology Education Innovation Center known as the Science Center of Pinellas County, is an educational center in St. Petersburg, United States, it occupies 7 acres of land located on 22nd Avenue North, in West St. Petersburg, located near the Tyrone Mall; the Science Center is a non-profit organization founded in St. Petersburg in 1959 by William Guild and Nell Rodgers Croley, it was the first science center of its kind in the world, it operates on donations and grants. Its mission is to inspire interest to promoting the understanding of all sciences. In 1966 the present main building was completed. During the 1960s and early 70s, the center offered after-school and weekend classes for students from Kindergarten through middle school in such subjects as biology, chemistry and astronautics. Today about 22,000 children visit the building each school year during field trips; the Science Center works with Pinellas County schools, all summer camp classes and science camps taught at the Science Center meet FCAT guidelines.

In 2000 the Margaret Ewell Dickins Marine Room opened. The exhibit includes numerous aquariums filled with marine creatures such as a snowflake moray and a black sea bass; the most popular feature is a 600-gallon touch tank where visitors can touch starfish, horseshoe crabs, slipper lobsters, hermit crabs and sea urchins. In addition, the Science Center holds marine biology classes for children in this room during science summer camps and school breaks. In 1997, the Carol Samuels Observatory opened; the observatory provides visitors with a view of cosmic events and features through a 16-inch Meade telescope. The research-grade telescope is the only one available to the public in Pinellas County in a non-university setting; the St. Petersburg Astronomy Club holds a handful of events at the Science Center throughout the year, helps the public use the Meade Telescope to view comets, eclipses, or planets; the idea for the White Gardens came from Starley M. White, Chairman of the Board of the former National Bank.

Surrounding the White Gardens is a "Walk of States", a mosaic tile walkway made up of more than 50 sections, one section for each state in the United States. A segment of the walk is dedicated to Andrew Jackson; each of the 50 states are displayed in order of their admission into the union. The walkway shows an image including the state's bird and flower. Beside each state's tile walk; the Walk of States was created by St. Petersburg artist Attillio Puglisi, it was moved to the Science Center in 1971. In 1971 the Discovery Center was built; this building houses the Columbia Planetarium. In 2003 the Spirit of Columbia Theater and Planetarium opened; the Planetarium offers a showing daily, included in the $5 admission fee. The Science Center's digital planetarium is the only one available to the public in Pinellas County, it can show the sky as it was on any specific date in history and when the Center is rented out for birthday parties or anniversaries, it is set to show the night sky as it appeared the night of the event commemorated.

The Science Center houses the only optical lab for the public to grind telescope mirrors in the southeastern United States. The lab is operated by the St. Petersburg Astronomy Club; the club welcomes the public to visit the optical lab on Saturdays between 1 p.m. and 4 p.m. to build a homemade telescope from scratch. A small gift shop features science and space-themed toys which are available to purchase at reasonable prices. Official website Optical lab