The Krishna River is the fourth-biggest river in terms of water inflows and river basin area in India, after the Ganga and Brahmaputra. The river is 1,400 kilometres long; the river is called Krishnaveni. It is one of the major sources of irrigation for Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh; the Krishna river originates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar at an elevation of about 1,300 metres, in the state of Maharashtra in central India. It is one of the longest rivers in India; the Krishna river is around 1,400 km in length. The Krishna river's source is at Mahabaleswar near the Jor village in the extreme north of Wai Taluka, Satara District, Maharashtra in the west and empties into the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaladeevi in Andhra Pradesh, on the east coast, it flows through the state of Karnataka before entering Telangana State. The delta of this river is one of the most fertile regions in India and was the home to ancient Satavahana and Ikshvaku Sun Dynasty kings. Vijayawada is the largest city on the River Krishna.
It causes heavy soil erosion during the monsoon floods. It flows fast and furious reaching depths of over 75 feet. There is a saying in Marathi: "Shant vaahate Krishnamaai" which means "quiet flows Krishna"; this term is used to describe. The largest tributary of the Krishna River is the Tungabhadra River with a drainage basin measuring 71,417 km2, running for about 531 km, but the longest tributary is the Bhima River, which makes a total run of 861 km and has an large drainage area of 70,614 km2. Three tributaries Panchganga and Yerla meet Krishna river near Sangli; these places are considered holy. It is said. Sangameswaram of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh is a famous pilgrim center for Hindus where Tungabhadra and Bhavanasi rivers join the Krishna river; the Sangameswaram temple is now drowned in the Srisailam reservoir, visible for devotees only during summer when the reservoir's water level comes down. Krishna Basin extends over an area of 258,948 km2, nearly 8% of the total geographical area of the country.
This large basin lies in the states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. The Krishna river rises in the Western Ghats, at an elevation of about 1,337 m just north of Mahabaleshwar, about 64 km from the Arabian Sea, it outfalls into the Bay of Bengal. The principal tributaries joining Krishna are the Ghataprabha River, Malaprabha River, Bhima River, Tungabhadra River and Musi River. Most of this basin comprises rolling and undulating country, except for the western border, formed by an unbroken line of the Western Ghats; the important soil types found in the basin are black soils, red soils and lateritic soils, mixed soils and black soils and saline and alkaline soils. An average annual surface water potential of 78.1 km3 has been assessed in this basin. Out of this, 58.0 km3 is utilizable water. Culturable area in the basin is about 203,000 km2, 10.4% of the total cultivable area of the country. As the water availability in the Krishna river was becoming inadequate to meet the water demand, Godavari River is linked to the Krishna river by commissioning the Polavaram right bank canal with the help of Pattiseema lift scheme in the year 2015 to augment water availability to the Prakasam Barrage in Andhra Pradesh.
The irrigation canals of Prakasam Barrage form part of National Waterway 4. Agumbe which receives second highest rainfall in India, is located in the Krishna river basin. Mullayanagiri peak in Karnataka at an altitude of 1,930 m above msl, is the highest point of the Krishna basin; this river is revered by Hindus as sacred. The river is believed to remove all sins of people by taking a bath in this river; the centre of attraction is the Krishna Pushkaram fair, held once in twelve years on the banks of the Krishna river. There are many pilgrimage places in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh on the course of the river; the first holy place on the river Krishna is at Wai, known for the Mahaganpati Mandir and Kashivishweshwar temple. It has seven ghats along the river. Temples like Dattadeva temple, revered by the people of Maharashtra, are located on the banks of Krishna at Narsobawadi and Audumbar near Sangli. Located on the banks of the river Krishna are the Sangameshwar Shiva temple at Haripur, goddess Kanaka Durga Temple in Vijayawada and Ramling temple near Sangli, Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga, Amareshwara Swamy Temple, Dattadeva temple, Sangameshwara Shiva temples at Alampur in Telangana.
Wide spread area near to the Krishna river holds the rich fauna. The last surviving Mangrove forests in the Krishna estuary have been declared as the Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary; the sanctuary is the home to the large number of migratory birds. Fishing cat, Estuarine crocodile, spotted deer, black buck, snake and jackal can be spotted in the sanctuary; the sanctuary supports rich vegetation with plants like Rhizophora and Aegiceros. The following are few other wildlife sanctuaries located in the river basin; the following are few other waterfalls located in the river basin The Krishna River is spanned by several bridges along its course, some of which are listed below. Krishna Bridge, Maharashtra – This bridge, located in the Dharmpuri Peth area of the town of Wai, is one o
The Hemavati is a river in Karnataka, southern India, an important tributary of the Kaveri. The Hemavati River starts in the Western Ghats at an elevation of about 1,219 metres near Ballala rayana durga in the Chikmagalur District of the state of Karnataka, in southern India, it flows through Hassan District where it is joined by its chief tributary, the Yagachi River, into Mandya district before joining the Kaveri near Krishnarajasagara. It is 245 km long and has a drainage area of about 5,410 km². A dam across the Hemavati was completed in 1979, above Gorur in Hassan district, downstream from the Yagachi confluence; the dam is 58 meters in height, 4692 meters long, impounding a reservoir of 8502 hectares The Shettihalli Rosary Church, submerged during the construction of the dam can be seen only when the dam height is low during the summer months. The church was constructed by French Missionaries in the 1860s, has a mighty and magnificent structure in the Gothic Architecture. In 1960, when the government decided to build the dam, the church was abandoned.
When the water level is low, sometimes coracles are used to go inside the church. National Water Development Agency - Netravati - Hemavati Link
Chamarajanagar is the southernmost district in the state of Karnataka, India. It was carved out of the original larger Mysore District in the year 1998. Chamarajanagar town is the headquarters of this district, it is the third least populous district in Karnataka, after Bangalore Rural. Chamarajanagar was earlier known as Sri Arikottara. Chamaraja Wodeyar, the Wodeyar king of Mysuru was born here and hence this place was renamed after him; the Vijaya Parsvanath Basadi, a holy Jain shrine was constructed by Punisadandanayaka, the commander of the Hoysala king Gangaraja in the year 1117 AD. Being the southernmost district of Karnataka, Chamarajanagar district borders the state of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, it borders Mysooru district of Karnataka to the west and north and Ramanagara districts of Karnataka to the north-east, Dharmapuri district of Tamil Nadu to the east and Erode districts of Tamil Nadu to the south-east, Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu to the south and Wayanad district of Kerala to the south-west.
National Highway 209 starts from Bengaluru in Karnataka and ends at NH-7 north of Dindigul in Tamil Nadu pass through the district at Kollegal and ends up at Punajur, the western ghats near the Tamil Nadu - Karnataka border. Most of the district lies in the leeward region of the Nilgiris and consists of semi-arid rain-dependent flatlands along with forested hills. According to the 2011 census Chamarajanagar district has a population of 1,020,962 equal to the nation of Cyprus or the US state of Montana; this gives it a ranking of 441st in India. The district has a population density of 200 inhabitants per square kilometre, its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 5.75%. Chamarajanagar has a sex ratio of 989 females for every 1000 males, a literacy rate of 61.12%. Having a large percentage of forest cover, the district has a high population of forest-dwelling tribals; these tribals have their own dialect and their total population is said to be around 82,000. Since much of the southern area of the district is dense forest, it provided good refuge to the notorious bandit Veerappan, responsible for the death of over a hundred policemen.
He was shot dead in an encounter with the specially formed Special Task Force on 18 October 2004, in Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu. He had been on the run for over two decades; the presence of illegal quarrying for black stone imposes a great threat to the forests in the region. The main tourist attractions are Biligiriranga Hills, Male Mahadeshwara Hills and Shivasamudram falls. Bandipur national park attracts many visitors. Gopalaswamy Hills in Gundlupet attracts many visitors. Chamarajanagar Kollegal Yelandur Gundlupet Male Mahadeshwara Hills Biligiriranga Hills Bandipur National Park, Chinnada Gudi Hundi Badana Guppe Mariyala-Gangavadi Halt Mukkadahalli Mysore–Chamarajanagar branch line Kellamballi Rechamballi Kagalvadi Irasavadi Aluru Badanaguppe Mariyala Maps Of India - Map of Chamarajanagar district
Gadag-Betageri is a city municipal council in Gadag district in the state of Karnataka, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Gadag District; the original city of Gadag and its sister city Betageri have a combined city administration. The municipality of Gadag-Betageri has a population of 172,813 and an area of 54.0956 km². Kanaginahal of Gadag is the birthplace of the first co-operative society in Asia; the twin city municipality is situated 80 km from Dharwad and 60 km from Hubli, lies on the Gutti-Vasco National Highway. The Gadag style of Architecture, marked by Ornate pillars with intricate sculpture, originated during the period of the Western Chalukya king Someswara I, it flourished for a period of 150 years during which period some 50 temples were built. The'Gadag inscription' of Vikramaditya VI, records that Taila took the head of Panchala by the terror of the pride of his arm in battle; the inscription reveals that the battle was fought on the bank of the Godavari & ocean river and a certain Kesava, fought in the battle and won Taila’s admiration.
At the command of Sattiga in 1006 A. D. a Lenka Keta fell fighting at the battle of Unukallu against the Cholas. An inscription', dated in Saka 930 of the reign of Satyashraya refers to the siege of the agrahara Kaldugu in the Belvola 300 by Desinga and the destruction of the forces because of the treachery of king Perggade; the inscription of Ballala recounts his victory as "And by force, he, the strong one, defeated with cavalry only, deprived of his sovereignty, the general Brahmana whose army was strengthened by an array of elephants and who acquired 60 tusked elephants with a single tuskless elephant, when, on account of an insult, he was tearing the royal fortune from the family of the Kalachuris of Kalyani." Kumara Vyasa - Gadag brings to mind the name of Naranappa, popularly known as Kumara Vyasa, the author of Karnata Bharata Kathamanjari. It is the classic Mahabharata in Kannada. Naranappa was born in the nearby village of Koliwada, he composed his work sitting before his chosen deity.
The temples of Veera Narayana and Trikuteshwara are places of historic importance. Ganayogi Panchakshara Gawai, visually challenged singer from Gadag, his music school. Puttaraj Gawai, recipient of the "Padma Bhushan" Award from Govt Of India, visually challenged Indian musician, music teacher and social servant. A student of Ganayogi Panchakshara Gawai, he headed the Veereshwara Punyashrama until he died in late 2010. Bhimsen Joshi, Hindustani singer, recipient of the Bharat Ratna Award - Highest Civilian Honour of India Pt Rajguru Guruswami Kalikeri, Writer/Musician, senior disciple of Pt. Puttaraja Gavai, recipient of the Karnataka State 2003 Award Karnataka Kalashree 2014 Award Jagadguru Renukacharya Award Sunil Joshi, born in Gadag. Huilgol Narayana Rao, writer of "Udayavagali namma cheluva kannada nadu" the anthem which heralded the birth of Karnataka state. Vijay Sankeshwar, founder of VRL Group, Vijaya Karnataka newspaper and Vijayavani. Vilas Nilgund, who represented India in 100 metre sprint, 4x100 metre.
R. S. Mugali famous writer and author of "Kannada Sahitya Charitre" Giraddi Govindaraj famous critic and former president of "Karnataka Sahitya Akademi" G. B. Joshi famous playwright and founder of "Manohara Granthamala" As of 2011 India census, Gadag-Betageri had a population of 172,813. Males constitute 86,165 of the population and females 86,648. Gadag-Betageri has an average literacy rate of 85.56%. The Sex ratio is about 1006 females per 1000 males to females. 18,419 of the population is under 6 years of age. Kannada is the main and spoken language and Hindi are spoken and understood. 1. SAMAVASARAN, Dr. Appanna N. Hanje, Vidyashree Prakashan, Alagawadi. 2. LAKKUNDIY BASADIGALU, Dr. Appanna N. Hanje, Vidyashree Prakashan, Alagawadi. Gadag-Betageri municipality website
Belgaum is a district in the state of Karnataka, India. The city of Belgaum is the district headquarters in North Karnataka, it houses the second legislative building. According to the 2011 Census of India, it has a population of 4,778,439 of which 24.03% live in urban areas, making it the second most populous district in Karnataka, after Bangalore. The district has an area of 13,415 square kilometers, is bounded on the west and north by Maharashtra state, on the northeast by Bijapur District, on the east by Bagalkote District, on the southeast by Gadaga District, on the south by Dharawad District and Uttara Kannada districts, on the southwest by the state of Goa. Belgaum is the Divisional Headquarters of North Karnataka The ancient name of the town of Belgaum was Venugrama, meaning Bamboo Village, it is called as Malnad Pradesh. The most ancient place in the district is Halsi, it appears that from the middle of the 6th century to about 760 the area was held by the Chalukyas, who were succeeded by the Rashtrakutas.
After the break-up of the Rashtrakuta power a portion of it survived in the Rattas, who from 1210 onward made Venugrama their capital. Inscriptions give evidence of a long struggle between the Rattas and the Kadambas of Goa, who succeeded in the latter years of the 12th century in acquiring and holding part of the district. By 1208, the Kadambas had been overthrown by the Rattas, who in their turn succumbed to the Yadavas of Devagiri in 1250. After the overthrow of the Yadavas by the Delhi Sultanate, Belgaum was for a short time under the rule of the latter. In 1347 the northern part was conquered by the Bahmani Sultanate, which in 1473 took the town of Belgaum and conquered the southern part also; when Aurangzeb overthrew the Bijapura sultans in 1686, Belgaum passed to the Mughals. In 1776 the country was overrun by Hyder Ali of Mysore, but was taken by the Madhavrao Peshwa with British assistance. In 1818 it was handed over to the British East India Company, was made part of the district of Dharwar.
In 1836 this was divided into the northern district becoming Belgaum. Yadur is situated beside Krishna river, there is famous veerbhadra temple. Many devotees visit this place from Maharashtra. Hooli is one of the oldest villages in Belgaum district. There are many Chalukya temples in the village and the'Panchaligeswara temple is famous. Kittur in Belgaum district is a place of historical importance. Rani Chennamma of Kittur is known for her resistance to British rule; the British had a sizable infantry post here, having realised the military importance of its geographic location. It is one of the reasons for Belgaum's sobriquet The Cradle of Infantry. Development of a rail network for the movement of resources and troops was one of the means employed by both the British East India Company and the British to exert control over India. Belgaum's railway station, the Mahatma Gandhi Railway Station was established by the British. A signboard declaring the sobriquet can be seen hung on Platform 1 at the station.
Belgaum district was incorporated into the newly formed Mysore state with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act, which reorganized India's states along linguistic lines since the majority of the people in the district spoke Kannada. Because of that linguistic disparity, the case is now in the Supreme Court of India. Administration of Belgaum District has been divided into 14 taluks. Athani taluk is the largest with an area of 1,997.70 km2 and Raybag taluk is the smallest with an area of 958.8 km2. The district comprises six police sub-divisions. Apart from the Belgaum City Corporation, there are 17 municipalities, 20 towns, 485 gram panchayats, 1,138 inhabited villages and 26 non-inhabited villages. Belgaum is the headquarters of the Belgaum Revenue Division. According to the 2011 census Belgaum district has a population of 4,778,439 equal to the nation of Singapore or the US state of Alabama; this gives it a ranking of 25th in India. The district has a population density of 356 inhabitants per square kilometre.
Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 13.38%. Belgaum has a sex ratio of 969 females for every 1000 males, a literacy rate of 73.94%. S. Ballesh - Shehnai artist Hemant Birje - Actor Phadeppa Dareppa Chaugule - India's first Olympic marathon runner Kittur Chennamma - Indian freedom fighter Shirasangi Lingaraj Desai - Provincial ruler Kumar Gandharva - Indian classical singer Balappa Hukkeri- Singer Kaka Kalelkar - Indian independence activist Chandrashekhara Kambara - Poet Atul Kulkarni - Actor Belawadi Mallamma - Warrior queen Ronit More - Cricketer plays for Chennai Super Kings Renukamma Murugodu - Actress Bandu Patil- Indian hockey player Sangolli Rayanna - Indian Freedom fighter Acharya Vidyasagar - Jain Digambara monk Official Website of Belgaum district
Dharwad is the district headquarters of Dharwad district in the state of Karnataka, India. It was merged with the city of Hubballi in 1961 to form the twin cities of Hubballi-Dharwad, it covers an area of 200.23 km² and is located 430 km northwest of Bengaluru, on NH-48, between Bengaluru and Pune. The word "Dharwad" means a place of rest in a small habitation. For centuries, Dharwad acted as a gateway between the Bayalu seeme; the name is derived from the Sanskrit word'dwarawata':'dwara' meaning "door" and'wata' or'wada' meaning "town". A different theory suggests that during the Vijayanagara rule of Dharwad there was a ruler by name "of Dharav", Dharwad got its name from him. There are inscriptions. Inscriptions found near Durga Devi temple in Narendra and RLS High School date back to the 12th century and have references to Dharwad; this makes Dharwad at least 900 years old. There is an inscription at Hanuman Temple at Bankapur lake near Garag; the Chalukyas ruled Dharwad during the 12th century.
A stone inscription indicates that there was a ruler by the name of BhaskaraDeva in 1117. In the 14th century, the district was first overrun by the Bahmani Sultanate, after which it was annexed to the newly established Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar, an official of which named Dhar Rao, according to local tradition, built the fort at Dharwad town in 1403. After the defeat of the king of Vijayanagar at Talikot, Dharwad was for a few years independent under its Hindu governor. Adil Shah built a fort in an area called Manna Killa, Nazratabad. With this fort, the strategic importance of Dharwad increased and it attracted the attention of subsequent conquerors, including Aurangzeb, Aurangzeb's son Muhammad Muazzam known as Bahadur Shah I or Shah Alam, the seventh Mughal emperor, Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao, Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan and the British colonizers. In 1685, the fort was taken by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, Dharwad, on the break-up of the Mughal empire, fell under the sway of the Maratha Peshwa of Pune.
In 1764, the province was overrun by Hyder Ali of the Mysore, who in 1778 captured the fort of Dharwad. The fort was retaken in 1791 by the Marathas. After the final defeat of the Peshwa by the British in 1818, Dharwar was incorporated into the territory of the British East India Company's Bombay Presidency. During the early 19th century, when the British were expanding their domains, they faced a lot of opposition from local rulers, including Baba Saheb of Naragund and Kittur Chennamma. Dharwad was independent before 1947; the population of the twin cities as per provisional figures of Census 2011 is 1,349,563 and is urban. Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298, by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The municipality covers 191 km². Hubballi-Dharwad is located 425 km northwest of Bengaluru, on the National Highway 4, just half-way between Bengaluru and Pune; the City is governed by the Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation, having an elected council.
Kannada is the major language spoken in Dharwad District. Dharwad is the city where the first fight for unification of Karnataka - Karnataka Ekikarana - was staged. Hence, it holds a special place in the hearts of the people of Karnataka North Karnataka. Unification of Karnataka Dharwad is situated on the edge of Western Ghats and hence is a hilly town. Spread over seven small hills at an average altitude of 750 meters above sea level, the city enjoys a salubrious climate amidst thick vegetation. Years ago, Dharwad was known for its lakes but several have now dried out; the lakes that still exist are Sadhankeri, Navalur and Nuggikeri. The city still has a few more small lakes left, in spite of rapid urbanization. Dharwad sits at the cusp of two distinct geographical divisions -- Belavalanaadu. Dharwad has plenty of green cover. Karnatak University's Botanical Garden is a sanctuary for many rare plants and birds. Kelgeri, Sadhanakeri and Nuggikeri are homes for water birds; the climate is mildly hot during the summer, pleasant during rest of the year, as it is at an altitude of about 750 m, plus still has a lot of greenery round.
Dharwad is well known as a pleasant city popular with students and pensioners. The average yearly rainfall is 838mm Dharwad is known as Chhota Mahabaleshwar due to its excellent climate throughout the year. Summers are mildly hot with occasional thunderstorms, lasting from late February to early June, they are followed by the monsoon season, with moderate temperatures and a large amount of precipitation. Temperatures are moderate from late October to early February, with no rainfall. Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation was constituted in 1962 by combining two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometers; the area covered by the corporation is 181.66 km². spread over 45 revenue villages. The population of the city as per the 1991 census was 7 lakhs; the present population is more than 10 lakhs. Hubballi: Under the Government of India Act of 1850, the Hubballi-Municipal council was established on 15 August 1855. Dharwad: The Dharwad Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856.
The first non-official President of the Council was S. K. Rodda in 1907, Shri S. V. Mensinkai, was nominated in the following year, but th
Mysore known as Mysuru District is an administrative district located in the southern part of the state of Karnataka, India. The district is bounded by Mandya district to the east and northeast, Chamrajanagar district to the southeast, Kerala state to the south, Kodagu district to the west, Hassan district to the north, it features many tourist destinations, from Mysore Palace to Nagarhole National Park. This district has a prominent place in the history of Karnataka. Mysore's prominence can be gauged from the fact that the Karnataka state was known as Mysore state, it is the third-most populous district in Karnataka, after Bangalore Urban. Mysore district gets its name from the city of Mysore, the headquarters of the district; the original name of this city was Mahishapura derived from a demon named Mahishasura. A statue of Mahishasura, after whom the city is named, a temple dedicated to Goddess Chamundeshwari on the top of Chamundi Hill near Mysore city, relate to the legend of its origin; the earliest known reference of rulers in Mysore district are the Gangas who during the rule of King Avinitha, moved the capital from Kolar to Talakad on the banks of the river Kaveri in the Tirumakudalu Narasipura taluk.
Talakad remained their regal capital till the end of Ganga rule in the early 11th century. Gangas ruled over a greater part of Mysore district known by the name of Gangavadi. In the end of the 8th century, the Rashtrakuta king Dhruva Dharavarsha defeated the Ganga king Shivamara II and wrested Gangavadi from him. Gangavadi came under the governorship of the son of Dhruva Dharavarsha. Gangas who were overthrown from Gangavadi, had to wait till their king Nitimarga Ereganga won a victory against the Rashtrakutas at Rajaramudu. Seeing the increasing might of the Gangas, the Rashtrakuta King Amoghavarsha I gave his daughter Revakanimmadi in marriage to the son of Ereganga, Butuga II who became the ruler of Gangavadi. Gangas ruled over Gangavadi till the Ganga king, Rakkasa Ganga was defeated by the Cholas. In the year 1117, the great king of Hoysala dynasty seized Gangavathi and its capital Talakad from the Cholas. To commemorate this achievement, Vishnuvardhana built the Keerthinarayana temple at Talakad.
Gangavadi was ruled by the Hoysalas till the death of their last ruler, Veera Ballala III after which Gangavadi became a part of the Vijayanagar Empire. In 1399, Yaduraya established the Wodeyar dynasty at Mysore, it remained as a feudatory to the Vijayanagar Empire owing allegiance to the Vijayanagar kings and the Vijayanagar representative at Srirangapatna, till the fall of the Vijayanagar Empire in 1565 CE. In the vacuum, created, Raja Wodeyar I established control and became the first major ruler of the Wodeyar family, he defeated the Vijayanagar representative in a battle at Kesare near Mysore, shifted his capital from Mysore to Srirangapatna in 1610 AD. The Wodeyars continued to rule over Mysore till the reign of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, when Hyder Ali Khan and his son Tipu Sultan became the virtual rulers of Mysore. Though there were Wodeyar kings during the rule of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, they were mere figureheads. With the death of Tipu Sultan in 1799 under the hands of the British, the Wodeyars were reinstated to the throne of Mysore and the capital was shifted back to Mysore.
Prince Krishnaraja Wodeyar III, just 5 years old was installed on the throne of Mysore in 1799. Wodeyars had to pay annual subsidies. During the rule of Krishnaraja Wodeyar III, the British took the kingdom back from Wodeyars in 1831 under the pretext that the Wodeyar king did not pay the annual subsidy. Commissioners were appointed to rule over the Mysore kingdom. Mark Cubbon and L. B. Bowring were the prominent British Commissioners. However, the Wodeyar kings raised a plea against this with the British Parliament who gave a ruling favour of the Wodeyars. In 1881, Chamaraja Wodeyar IX was given back the reins of the Mysore kingdom from the British; the Wodeyars continued to rule over the Mysore Kingdom, till the rule of Jayachamaraja Wodeyar who, in the year 1947, merged his kingdom into the new dominion of independent India. He remained as a Maharaja till India became a republic in the year 1950 after which he was anointed as a Raja Pramukh as the head of Mysore state till 1956. In 1956, after the reorganisation of Indian states, the Mysore state was born and Jayachamaraja Wodeyar was made as the governor of this state — the position he held until 1964.
Mysore district is located between latitude 11°45' to 12°40' N and longitude 75°57' to 77°15' E. It is bounded by Mandya district to the northeast, Chamrajanagar district to the southeast, Kerala state to the south, Kodagu district to the west, Hassan district to the north, it has an area of 6,854 km². The administrative center of Mysore District is Mysore City; the district is a part of Mysore division. Prior to 1998, Mysore district contained the Chamarajanagar district before that area was separated off; the district lies on the undulating table land of the southern Deccan plateau, within the watershed of the Kaveri River, which flows through the northwestern and eastern parts of the district. The Krishna Raja Sagara reservoir, formed by building a dam across the Kaveri, lies on the northern edge of the district. Nagarhole National Park lies in Mysore di