A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai
Renton is a city in King County, an inner-ring suburb of Seattle. Situated 11 miles southeast of downtown Seattle, Renton straddles the southeast shore of Lake Washington, at the mouth of the Cedar River. After a long history as an important salmon fishing area for Native Americans, Renton was first settled by people of European descent in the 1860s, its early economy was based on coal mining, clay production, timber export. Today, Renton is best known as the final assembly point for the Boeing 737 family of commercial airplanes, but it is home to a growing number of well known manufacturing and healthcare organizations, including Boeing Commercial Airplanes Division, Kaiser Permanente, IKEA, Providence Health & Services, Wizards of the Coast; as of 2016, the population in Renton is 101,300, up from 90,927 at the 2010 census. Renton is the eighth-largest city in Washington and is the fourth largest in King County; the National Football League's Seattle Seahawks have a training facility in Renton, the second-largest facility in the NFL at 200,000 square feet.
Among the first European settlers in the present-day Renton area were Henry Tobin and his wife Diana. The town of Renton was accessed via the Seattle and Walla Walla Railroad, the first railroad to be built to Seattle, was in the vicinity of several coal mines that attracted entrepreneurs like Erasmus M. Smithers, credited with the founding and establishment of the town in 1875. Smithers named Renton in honor of Captain William Renton, a local lumber and shipping merchant who invested in the coal trade. Smithers brought in Charles D. Shattuck as the coal mine operator. Renton was incorporated as a city on September 6, 1901, when coal mining and timber processing were the most important economic industries in the area; the town was prone to flooding from the Black Rivers. In 1916 the completion of the Lake Washington Ship Canal lowered the surface of Lake Washington several feet which eliminated drainage of Lake Washington through the Black River; the Cedar River was diverted to drain into Lake Washington instead of the Black River.
The culmination of these actions reduced the threat of annual flooding. The population increased during World War II when Boeing built their Renton Factory to produce the B-29 Superfortress; the game company Wizards of the Coast is headquartered in Renton. Providence Health System has centralized its administrative offices in Renton, along with Group Health Cooperative. Owing to its location at the confluence of three major freeways, Renton's economic development team has lured a number of specialty retailers that draw consumers from around the region, including Fry's Electronics and IKEA; some retail establishments were unwanted though, the city defended zoning restrictions on pornographic theaters before the U. S. Supreme Court in Renton v. Playtime Theatres, Inc; the Renton Public Library was built directly over the Cedar River and opened in 1966. It stretches 80 feet across the river, next to Liberty Park, was the main branch of the city's independent library system until its 2010 annexation into the King County Library system.
Synonymous with the large industrial companies such as Boeing, Kenworth, a pattern of future development was established with the attraction of the first IKEA in the Pacific Northwest to Renton in 1994. A new branch of the Federal Reserve Bank now calls Renton home, beginning operations in the spring of 2008 on the site of the former Longacres horse-racing track. To date, myriad development of major retail and revitalization projects are amidst planning, in construction, or have been executed. Among which include Port Quendall, a land parcel in north Renton, that has become the new home to the Virginia Mason Athletic Center, housing the Seattle Seahawks Headquarters and training facility that opened in August 2008; the team's new state-of-the-art Renton facility, at an expansive 200,000 square feet, is the second-largest facility in the NFL. In the mid-1990s, Renton undertook a major redevelopment effort to revitalize its downtown core, which had declined in commercial prominence since the opening of the Southcenter Mall in Tukwila in 1968.
The many car dealerships that had occupied the center of downtown Renton were encouraged through economic incentives to relocate to a newly created auto sales zone close to the I-405/SR-167 interchange. In place of the old dealerships downtown, a new transit center and parking garage were built in partnership with King County Metro. A number of developed mixed-use residential and retail buildings were built within a one block radius of the transit center, allowing for one-bus commutes to Seattle, Bellevue and other employment centers. A new town square, The Piazza, was constructed next to the transit center, an existing car dealership building was remodeled into an events center, now known as the Pavilion Building; the Piazza is home to a weekly Farmers' Market during the summer months, as well as other community events throughout the year, while the city-owned Pavilion Building can be rented for parties and other events, with onsite catering provided by a private caterer. Centered on former Boeing Co. property near the south shore of Lake Washington is a 68 acres development named The Landing.
Two high-end apartment communities at The Landing, The Sanctuary and The Reserve, contain a combined 880 residences, targeting a young professional demographic. The first commercial tenants of The Landing arrived in Octobe
Carnation is a city in King County, United States. The population was 1,786 at the 2010 census. Settled in 1865, Carnation was incorporated on December 30, 1912, as Tolt; the name was changed to Carnation in 1917, back to Tolt on May 3, 1928, back to Carnation again on October 29, 1951. The name Carnation was chosen to honor a nearby research farm operated by the Carnation Milk Products Company. Carnation is located at 47°38′54″N 121°54′31″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.18 square miles, of which, 1.16 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles is water. The city is located on the east bank of the Snoqualmie River just north of where the Tolt River joins in. Camlann Medieval Village, a living history museum of a medieval English village, is located four miles north of Carnation. Founded in the early 1980s, Camlann is devoted to teaching and entertaining schools, clubs and individuals about what life in England in 1376 would have been like. Remlinger Farms is a functioning farm located less than a mile outside of the town center where families can spend time around and crops, eat locally raised and grown food, go on fun park rides.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,786 people, 631 households, 474 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,539.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 665 housing units at an average density of 573.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 85.8% White, 0.9% African American, 1.0% Native American, 3.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.1% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.7% of the population. There were 631 households of which 45.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 24.9% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.24. The median age in the city was 34.9 years. 30.1% of residents were under the age of 18.
The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female. Carnation has a high rate of home ownership for King County; this rate is higher than nearby cities like Redmond and Seattle. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,893 people, 636 households, 487 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,728.4 people per square mile. There were 650 housing units at an average density of 593.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.76% White, 1.32% Native American, 3.59% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 1.80% from other races, 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.91% of the population. There were 636 households out of which 48.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.4% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.40.
In the city the population was spread out with 34.4% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 37.5% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, 5.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $60,156, the median income for a family was $64,167. Males had a median income of $46,667 versus $33,281 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,907. About 5.8% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over. Carnation is in the Riverview School District which consists of 4 traditional elementary schools and a homeschooling parent partnership program: Carnation Elementary and PARADE Program, Cherry Valley Elementary, Eagle Rock Multi-Age, Stillwater Elementary, a single middle school: Tolt Middle School, a single high school: Cedarcrest High School.
Carnation Elementary and PARADE: Located in Carnation, Washington 32239 E. Morrison St. Cherry Valley Elementary: Located in Duvall, Washington Stillwater Elementary: Located between Carnation and Duvall Eagle Rock Multi-Age: Located in Duvall Tolt Middle School: Located in Carnation Cedarcrest High School: Located in Duvall The City of Carnation has designated the following landmarks: Law enforcement services in Carnation has changed hands several times throughout its history; until late 2004, the King County Sheriff's Office provided law enforcement services to the city on a contract basis. From late 2004 until January 1, 2014 the city contracted with the City of Duvall Police Department for law enforcement services. Effective January 1, 2014 the city is again contracting with the King County Sheriff's Office; the contract with the KCSO provides for one full-time dedicated officer to the city, when that officer is not working KCSO Deputies patrolling neighboring unincorporated areas will respond to calls in the city.
City of Carnation Home History of Carnation at HistoryLink Riverview School District Carnation-Duvall Citizen Corps Council
Pacific is a city in King and Pierce counties in the State of Washington. Located in King County, the population was 6,606 at the 2010 census. Like its northern neighbor Algona, Pacific is sometimes mistaken for a part of Auburn. Platted August 10, 1906 by real estate promoter Clarence Dayton Hillman as "C. D. Hillman's Pacific City Addition to the City of Seattle," Pacific was incorporated on August 10, 1909. Record-breaking rains in November 2006 pushed the White River over its river banks along Pacific City Park, creating a temporary 25-acre lake. In January 2009, release of stormwaters from the Mud Mountain Dam caused greater flooding, inundating more than a hundred homes. Pacific is located at 47°15′48″N 122°14′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.43 square miles, of which, 2.42 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. The lower White River known as the Stuck River, runs through the east side of Pacific, between Auburn and Sumner, Washington.
As of the census of 2010, there were 6,606 people, 2,269 households, 1,605 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,729.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,422 housing units at an average density of 1,000.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 69.2% White, 3.1% African American, 1.9% Native American, 9.0% Asian, 1.8% Pacific Islander, 8.5% from other races, 6.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.1% of the population. There were 2,269 households of which 43.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 29.3% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.32. The median age in the city was 32.8 years. 28.1% of residents were under the age of 18.
The gender makeup of the city was 50.0% male and 50.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 5,527 people, 1,992 households, 1,444 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,158.1 people per square mile. There were 2,090 housing units at an average density of 816.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 85.38% White, 1.43% African American, 1.61% Native American, 4.72% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 2.95% from other races, 3.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.48% of the population. There were 1,992 households out of which 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.5% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.16. In the city, the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 35.2% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, 5.4% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 31 years. For every 100 women there were 99.4 men. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 98.9 men. The median income for a household in the city was $45,673, the median income for a family was $47,694. Males had a median income of $36,594 versus $28,301 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,228. About 7.9% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. The town has city council and police department. On January 8, 2009, the Army Corps of Engineers released water from Mud Mountain Dam into the White River; the action was done to relieve pressure in the reservoir, which had reached its capacity due to heavy rain, causing flooding around the Puget Sound region. A large amount of water was released quickly, causing rapid and massive flooding in Pacific; those affected had no notice of the impending disaster. One of those affected by the flooding was noted local and international musician Jerry Miller, a founding member of Moby Grape, who had moved to Pacific from Tacoma.
Miller lost all of his possessions, including over forty years of memorabilia from his music career. Assistance to those affected by the flooding was provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. City of Pacific's Web Site
King County, Washington
King County is a county located in the U. S. state of Washington. The population was 2,188,649 in the 2017 census estimate. King is the most populous county in Washington, the 13th-most populous in the United States; the county seat is Seattle, the state's largest city. King County is one of three Washington counties that are included in the Seattle–Tacoma–Bellevue metropolitan statistical area. About two-thirds of King County's population lives in Seattle's suburbs; the county was formed out of territory within Thurston County on December 22, 1852, by the Oregon Territory legislature, was named after Alabama resident William R. King, who had just been elected Vice President of the United States under President Franklin Pierce. Seattle was made the county seat on January 11, 1853; the area became part of the Washington Territory when it was created that year. King County extended to the Olympic Peninsula. According to historian Bill Speidel, when peninsular prohibitionists threatened to shut down Seattle’s saloons, Doc Maynard engineered a peninsular independence movement.
On February 24, 1986, a motion to change the namesake to Martin Luther King Jr. was passed by the King County Council five votes to four. The motion stated, among other reasons for the change, that "William Rufus DeVane King was a slaveowner and a ‘gentle slave monger’ according to John Quincy Adams." Because only the state can charter counties, the change was not made official until April 19, 2005, when Governor Christine Gregoire signed into law Senate Bill 5332, which provided that "King county is renamed in honor of the Reverend Doctor Martin Luther King, Jr." effective July 24, 2005. The County Council voted on February 27, 2006 to adopt the proposal sponsored by Councilmember Larry Gossett to change the county's logo from an imperial crown to an image of Martin Luther King. On March 12, 2007, the new logo was unveiled; the new logo design was developed by the Gable Design Group and the specific image was selected by a committee consisting of King County Executive Ron Sims, Council Chair Larry Gossett, Prosecutor Norm Maleng, Sheriff Sue Rahr, District Court Judge Corrina Harn, Superior Court Judge Michael Trickey.
Martin Luther King Jr. visited King County for two days in November 1961. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,307 square miles, of which 2,116 square miles is land and 191 square miles is water. King County has nearly twice the land area of the state of Rhode Island; the highest point in the county is Mount Daniel at 7,959 feet above sea level. King County borders Snohomish County to the north, Kitsap County to the west, Kittitas County to the east, Pierce County to the south, it shares a small border with Chelan County to the northeast. King County includes Vashon Maury Island in Puget Sound. Snohomish County – north Pierce County – south Chelan County – east/northeast Kittitas County – east/southeast Kitsap County – west Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park Snoqualmie National Forest The center of population of the state of Washington in 2010 was located in eastern King County. King County's own center of population was located on Mercer Island; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,931,249 people, 789,232 households, 461,510 families residing in the county.
The population density was 912.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 851,261 housing units at an average density of 402.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 68.7% White, 6.2% African American, 14.6% Asian, 0.8% Pacific Islander, 0.8% Native American, 3.9% from other races, 5.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.1% were German, 11.6% were English, 11.1% were Irish, 5.5% were Norwegian, 2.9% were American. Of the 789,232 households, 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.5% were non-families, 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 37.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $68,065 and the median income for a family was $87,010. Males had a median income of $62,373 versus $45,761 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $38,211. About 6.4% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over. The King County Executive heads the county's executive branch; the King County Prosecuting Attorney, Elections Director and the King County Assessor are elected executive positions. Judicial power is vested in the King County District Court. Seattle houses the King County Courthouse. King County is represented in the United States Congress through a near-entirety of the population in the 7th and 9th Congressional Districts, a majority of the population in the 8th Congressional District and a plurality of the population in the 1st Congressional District. In the state legislature, King contains the entirety of the 5th, 11th, 33rd
United States Geological Survey
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, the natural hazards that threaten it; the organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility; the USGS is a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior. The USGS employs 8,670 people and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia; the USGS has major offices near Lakewood, Colorado, at the Denver Federal Center, Menlo Park, California. The current motto of the USGS, in use since August 1997, is "science for a changing world." The agency's previous slogan, adopted on the occasion of its hundredth anniversary, was "Earth Science in the Public Service." Since 2012, the USGS science focus is directed at six topical "Mission Areas", namely Climate and Land Use Change, Core Science Systems, Ecosystems and Minerals and Environmental Health, Natural Hazards, Water.
In December 2012, the USGS split the Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health Mission Area resulting in seven topical Mission Areas, with the two new areas being: Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health. Administratively, it is divided into six Regional Units. Other specific programs include: Earthquake Hazards Program monitors earthquake activity worldwide; the National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colorado on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines detects the location and magnitude of global earthquakes. The USGS runs or supports several regional monitoring networks in the United States under the umbrella of the Advanced National Seismic System; the USGS informs authorities, emergency responders, the media, the public, both domestic and worldwide, about significant earthquakes. It maintains long-term archives of earthquake data for scientific and engineering research, it conducts and supports research on long-term seismic hazards. USGS has released the UCERF California earthquake forecast.
As of 2005, the agency is working to create a National Volcano Early Warning System by improving the instrumentation monitoring the 169 volcanoes in U. S. territory and by establishing methods for measuring the relative threats posed at each site. The USGS National Geomagnetism Program monitors the magnetic field at magnetic observatories and distributes magnetometer data in real time; the USGS collaborates with Canadian and Mexican government scientists, along with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, to produce the North American Environmental Atlas, used to depict and track environmental issues for a continental perspective. The USGS operates the streamgaging network for the United States, with over 7400 streamgages. Real-time streamflow data are available online. National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center implements partner-driven science to improve understanding of past and present land use change, develops relevant climate and land use forecasts, identifies lands and communities that are most vulnerable to adverse impacts of change from the local to global scale.
Since 1962, the Astrogeology Research Program has been involved in global and planetary exploration and mapping. In collaboration with Stanford University, the USGS operates the USGS-Stanford Ion Microprobe Laboratory, a world-class analytical facility for U--Pb geochronology and trace element analyses of minerals and other earth materials. USGS operates a number of water related programs, notably the National Streamflow Information Program and National Water-Quality Assessment Program. USGS Water data is publicly available from their National Water Information System database; the USGS operates the National Wildlife Health Center, whose mission is "to serve the nation and its natural resources by providing sound science and technical support, to disseminate information to promote science-based decisions affecting wildlife and ecosystem health. The NWHC provides information, technical assistance, research and leadership on national and international wildlife health issues." It is the agency responsible for surveillance of H5N1 avian influenza outbreaks in the United States.
The USGS runs 17 biological research centers in the United States, including the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. The USGS is investigating collaboration with the social networking site Twitter to allow for more rapid construction of ShakeMaps; the USGS produces several national series of topographic maps which vary in scale and extent, with some wide gaps in coverage, notably the complete absence of 1:50,000 scale topographic maps or their equivalent. The largest and best-known topographic series is the 7.5-minute, 1:24,000 scale, quadrangle, a non-metric scale unique to the United States. Each of these maps covers an area bounded by two lines of latitude and two lines of longitude spaced 7.5 minutes apart. Nearly 57,000 individual maps in this series cover the 48 contiguous states, Hawaii, U. S. territories, areas of Alaska near Anchorage and Prudhoe Bay. The area covered by each map varies with the latitude of its represented location due to convergence of the meridians. At lower latitudes, near 30° north, a 7.5-minute quadrangle contains an area of about 64 square miles.
At 49° north latitude, 49 square miles are contained within a quadrangle of that size. As a unique non-metric map scale, the 1:24,000 scale requires a separate and specialized romer scale for pl
Federal Way, Washington
Federal Way is a city in King County, United States. It is a coastal city within the Seattle metropolitan area; the population was 95,171 at the 2015 American Community Survey. Federal Way is the 9th largest city in Washington State and the 5th largest in King County, according to the Census Bureau's 2015 population estimate. A logging settlement, the area was first called "Federal Way" in 1929; the name derived from Federal Highway U. S. 99, which ran from Everett and Seattle to Tacoma. The name Federal Way was first used in 1929 when five existing schools consolidated operations into School District #210 and planned construction of Federal Way High School which opened in 1930 and gave its name to the school district; the local Chamber of Commerce adopted the name in the early 1950s. Attempts to incorporate the city were voted down in 1971, 1981 and 1985; the voters approved incorporation as a city on February 28, 1990. Until 2014, Federal Way was home to Weyerhaeuser, the largest private owner of softwood timberland in the world.
Weyerhaeuser had opened much of its land to the public, including two botanical gardens: the Rhododendron Species Foundation and Botanical Garden, the Pacific Bonsai Museum. In 2014, the company announced. City leaders have suggested promoting the location as a potential community college. Federal Way is home to the US office headquarters of World Vision. Other attractions in the city include the Weyerhaeuser King County Aquatic Center, which features an Olympic-size swimming pool, used for the 1990 Goodwill Games and 2012 US Olympic Swim & Dive Trials. Celebration Park includes sports fields, a playground, wooded trails; the city has developed many lakefront and neighborhood parks and trails. The 40-acre PowellsWood Garden, known for its outstanding structural plantings and perennial borders, is located off S. Dash Point Road; this land, on a portion of the Cold Creek ravine, was purchased by Monte and Diane Powell in 1993 in order to preserve green space in an urbanized area. Wild Waves Theme Park, the largest amusement park in the region, is known as Wild Waves Theme & Water Park.
It opened in 1977, is located on the south side of the city. It is the Seattle area's only permanent amusement park. Six Flags purchased Wild Waves in December 2000. However, after low sales, Six Flags sold the park in April 2007 to Parc Management LLC of Jacksonville, Florida for $31.75 million. Federal Way is locally identified by its 1990s semi-urban development, characterized by landscaped off-street multi-structure apartment complexes and shopping centers; the Commons at Federal Way, the city's only indoor shopping mall, is located on South 320th Street and Pacific Highway South near the city's main Interstate 5 exit. Steel Lake Park – located on S 312th St east of Pacific Hwy S. Celebration Park – on 11th Ave S just south of S 324th St. Dash Point State Park – 53rd Ave SW & SW Dash Point Rd. Five Mile Lake – on Military Rd S and S 364th St in the unincorporated area east side of city. West Hylebos Wetlands Park – at S 348th St and 4th Ave S, hiking trails through wetlands; the park features two iconic buildings, the nearby Barker Cabin built in 1883, the city's oldest known building and a 22-foot by 22-foot Denny Cabin, once located west of present-day Seattle Center.
The Denny Cabin was built by David Denny in 1889 as a real-estate office and was made from trees cut down on Queen Anne Hill. Dumas Bay Centre Park – on SW Dash Point Road; the trail lies under the Bonneville Power Administration electricity transmission line. In 2007, the city of Federal Way purchased a downtown lot used by a defunct AMC Theatres cinema, invited proposals from two developers, United Properties and Alpert Capital, to develop a multi-use tower project in the downtown core, adjacent to the built transit center; such a project follows in the steps of similar multi-use developments such as Kent Station in nearby Kent. The city awarded the contract to United Properties' "Symphony" project, comprising four 15–22 story towers including 60,000 square feet of retail and office space, 900 housing units, a large downtown park which would be relinquished to the city. Transfer of the land to United Properties followed by construction of the first tower was scheduled to start in mid-2008.
However, in July 2008, United Properties' requested a one-year extension on the terms of the purchase agreement, citing difficulties in the credit and housing markets to acquire the necessary funds. In August 2009, United suggested scrapping the Symphony plan and instead building a performing arts center on the property, a proposal the city rejected. In September 2009 the South Korean development firm Lander Korus joined onto the project with United. Korus proposed adding Asian elements to the building in order to attract investment and i