Telangana State Road Transport Corporation
Telangana State Road Transport Corporation is a state-owned corporation that runs transport services within the Indian state of Telangana. It was formed in 2014 by splitting the Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Many other Indian metro towns in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Goa and Chhattisgarh are linked with the services of TSRTC, it serves about 89.4 lakh passengers every day, having three zones and Services operating through 96 depots. Road transport corporation in Telangana State was first established as NSRRTD, a wing of Nizam State Railway in the erstwhile Hyderabad State, in 1932, with 27 buses and 166 employees. Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation was established on 11 January 1958 in pursuance of the Road Transport Corporations Act 1950. Consequent upon bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh state into Telangana and residual Andhra Pradesh, TSRTC operated as a separate entity from 03.06.2015. The Government of Telangana has subsequently established Telangana State Road Transport Corporation, on 27.04.2016, under the Road Transport Corporation Act, 1950.
TSRTC has three zones, Greater Hyderabad and Karimnagar. It has 357 bus stations. TSRTC buses undertake operations on 3,687 routes, with an approximate fleet of 10,479 under its wing. TSRTC operates various kinds of services catering to the needs of people from all walks of life connecting villages towns and cities. TSRTC brands its services based on the level of comfort. Air conditioned buses are branded "Vajra", "Vennela", "Garuda Plus", "Garuda" and "Rajadhani". VajraTSRTC started its new service named Vajra with a tag line'mobility redefined'. To reduce the burden of travel within the City and to provide bus facility nearer to door step, Mini AC Buses called “Vajra” are being introduced to provide direct bus facility from various colonies in Hyderabad to Warangal, Nizamabad and Karimnagar city Ac buses are back with the motto of “Service at Door Step”. VennelaVennela is the most expensive and comfortable service operated by TSRTC. Vennela translates to moonlight in Telugu; these are Isuzu buses fabricated by JCBL with sleeper berths arranged perpendicular to the body similar to a first class train.
Each berth has its own LED TV with pre-loaded movies. Value added services include facial wipes and blanket. There are only three Vennela buses in TSRTC. All of them are operated to Bengaluru out of Hyderabad-3 depot in Musheerabad. Garuda Plus TSRTC operates Multi axle buses of Mercedes-Benz and Scania make as Garuda Plus buses. Designed for superior ride quality, these buses have reclining seats. Few old buses have calf rests. There are two/three; as in Vennela, passengers are given a 500 ml blanket and a packet of facial wipes. TSRTC operates buses on long distance interstate routes. Buses are operated in various routes like Khammam-Bengaluru, Hyderabad-Adilabad, Hyderabad-Karimnagar, Hyderabad-Mumbai, Hyderabad-Vijayawada, Hyderabad-Bengaluru, Nizamabad-Bengaluru, Nizamabad-Tirupati, Warangal-Bengaluru, Godavarikhani-Bengaluru, Karimnagar-Bengaluru, Hyderabad-Pune, Hyderabad-Chennai, Hyderabad-Nagpur. GarudaTSRTC operates bi-axle buses of Isuzu make as Garuda. There have been no additions to the fleet since 2009 apart from a few Vennela which were downgraded as Garuda.
This class of service will be phased out slowly. Designed for superior ride quality, these buses have reclining seats; as in Vennela, passengers are given a 500 ml blanket and a packet of facial wipes. The famous routes of Garuda is Karimnagar, Vijayawada. Rajadhani TSRTC operates. Introduced in 2011, these buses were earlier branded as Indra. Rajadhani buses act a bridge between mid level service "Super Luxury" and premium service "Garuda Plus"; these buses are operated to state capital Hyderabad from various district headquarters. These are operated on high frequency long distance routes. Only water bottles are provided in these buses. Mid-level services are branded "Super Luxury", "Deluxe" and "Express". Super LuxuryThese are non-airconditioned 2 +2 push back services; these are video coaches. Most of the buses are of Ashok Leyland, Eicher etc. DeluxeThese are non-airconditioned 2 +2 services; the colour of a Deluxe bus is violet. Most of the buses are of Ashok Leyland, Eicher etc. Express These are non-airconditioned 3 +2 services.
The colour of an Express bus is light dark blue. Most of the buses are of Ashok Leyland, Eicher etc. TSRTC runs city route buses in urban areas like Suryapet, Siddipet and Khammam. Entry-level ordinary service is branded as "Pallevelugu". City buses in Hyderabad and Warangal are branded in a similar fashion. Air conditioned city buses are branded "Metro Luxury" and "City Sheetal"; the buses to Rajiv Gandhi International Airport are called "Pushpak". Premium city buses are branded as "Metro Deluxe" and "Metro Express" where as the entry level "Ordinary" buses are not given any name but are referred to as a "City Bus"; these service categories should not be confused with local arrangements like "Merupu", "Trisulam" and "Ramabanam". Advance reservation facility is provided through Online Passenger Reservation System for the different types of services mentioned hereunder: Highest KMPL fuel efficiency for the year 2014-15Award for Excellence 2016 - Best Bus Trans
Postal Index Number
A Postal Index Number, or sometimes redundantly a PIN code, is a code in the post office numbering or postal code system used by India Post, the Indian postal entity. The code is six digits long; the PIN system was introduced on 15 August 1972 by Shriram Bhikaji Velankar, an additional secretary in the Union Ministry of Communications. The system was introduced to simplify the manual sorting and delivery of mail by eliminating confusion over incorrect addresses, similar place names, different languages used by the public. There are nine postal zones including eight regional zones and one functional zone; the first digit of the PIN indicates the zone. The second digit indicates the sub-zone, the third digit indicates the sorting district within that zone; the final three digits are assigned to individual post offices. The first digit of the PIN is allocated over the 9 zones as follows: 1 — Delhi, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Kashmir, Chandigarh 2 — Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand 3 — Rajasthan, Gujarat and Diu, Dadra and Nagar 4 — Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh 5 — Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka 6 — Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Lakshadweep 7 — West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya and Nicobar Islands, Sikkim 8 — Bihar, Jharkhand 9 — Army Post Office and Field Post Office The first three digits of the PIN represent a specific geographical region called a sorting district, headquartered at the main post office of the largest city and is known as the sorting office.
A state may have one or more sorting districts depending on the volume of mail handled. The fourth digit represents the route; this is 0 for offices in the core area of the sorting district. The last two digits represent the delivery office within the sorting district starting from 01 which would be the General Post Office or head office; the numbering of the delivery office is done chronologically with higher numbers assigned to newer delivery offices. If the volume of mails handled at a delivery office is too large, a new delivery office is created and the next available PIN is assigned. Thus, two delivery offices situated next to each other will only have the first four digits in common; each PIN is mapped to one delivery post office which receives all the mail to be delivered to one or more lower offices within its jurisdiction, all of which share the same code. The delivery office can either be a General Post Office, a head office, or a sub-office which are located in urban areas; the post from the delivery office is sorted and routed to other delivery offices for a different PIN or to one of the relevant sub-offices or branch offices for the same PIN.
Branch offices have limited postal services. Find Pincode – India Post
The Lok Sabha is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha. Members of the Lok Sabha are elected by adult universal suffrage and a first-past-the-post system to represent their respective constituencies, they hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the council of ministers; the house meets in the Lok Sabha Chambers of the Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi. The maximum strength of the House allotted by the Constitution of India is 552; the house has 545 seats, made up by the election of up to 543 elected members and at a maximum, 2 nominated members of the Anglo-Indian Community by the President of India. A total of 131 seats are reserved for representatives of Scheduled Tribes; the quorum for the House is 10% of the total membership. The Lok Sabha, unless sooner dissolved, continues to operate for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting. However, while a proclamation of emergency is in operation, this period may be extended by Parliament by law.
An exercise to redraw Lok Sabha constituencies' boundaries is carried out by the Boundary Delimitation Commission of India every decade based on the Indian census, last of, conducted in 2011. This exercise earlier included redistribution of seats among states based on demographic changes but that provision of the mandate of the commission was suspended in 1976 following a constitutional amendment to incentivise the family planning programme, being implemented; the 16th Lok Sabha is the latest to date. The schedule for the 2019 Lok Sabha Election has been announced by the Election Commission of India. Broken into seven phases the General Elections will be held from 11th April 2019 till 19th May 2019; the Lok Sabha has its own television channel, Lok Sabha TV, headquartered within the premises of Parliament. A major portion of the Indian subcontinent was under British rule from 1858 to 1947. During this period, the office of the Secretary of State for India was the authority through whom British Parliament exercised its rule in the Indian sub-continent, the office of Viceroy of India was created, along with an Executive Council in India, consisting of high officials of the British government.
The Indian Councils Act 1861 provided for a Legislative Council consisting of the members of the Executive Council and non-official members. The Indian Councils Act 1892 established legislatures in each of the provinces of British India and increased the powers of the Legislative Council. Although these Acts increased the representation of Indians in the government, their power still remained limited, the electorate small; the Indian Councils Act 1909 and the Government of India Act 1919 further expanded the participation of Indians in the administration. The Government of India Act 1935 introduced provincial autonomy and proposed a federal structure in India; the Indian Independence Act 1947, passed by the British parliament on 18 July 1947, divided British India into two new independent countries and Pakistan, which were to be dominions under the Crown until they had each enacted a new constitution. The Constituent Assembly was divided into two for the separate nations, with each new Assembly having sovereign powers transferred to it for the respective dominion.
The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950, proclaiming India to be a sovereign, democratic republic. This contained the founding principles of the law of the land which would govern India in its new form, which now included all the princely states which had not acceded to Pakistan. According to Article 79 of the Constitution of India, the Parliament of India consists of the President of India and the two Houses of Parliament known as the Council of States and the House of the People; the Lok Sabha was duly constituted for the first time on 17 April 1952 after the first General Elections held from 25 October 1951 to 21 February 1952. Article 84 of Indian Constitution sets qualifications for being a member of Lok Sabha, which are as follows: He / She should be a citizen of India, must subscribe before the Election Commission of India an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule of Indian Constitution.
He / She should not be less than 25 years of age. He / She possesses such other qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by Parliament, he / She should not be proclaimed criminal i.e. they should not be a convict, a confirmed debtor or otherwise disqualified by law. However, a member can be disqualified of being a member of Parliament: If he / she holds office of profit. A seat in the Lok Sabha will become vacant in the following circumstances: When the holder of the seat, by writing to the speaker, resigns; when the holder of the seat is absent from 60 consecutive days of proceedings of the House, without prior permission of the Speaker. When the holder of the seat is subject to any dis
Vehicle registration plate
A vehicle registration plate known as a number plate or a license plate, is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. All countries require registration plates for road vehicles such as cars and motorcycles. Whether they are required for other vehicles, such as bicycles, boats, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction; the registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the vehicle owner within the issuing region's vehicle register. In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person varies by issuing agency. There are electronic license plates. Most governments require a registration plate to be attached to both the front and rear of a vehicle, although certain jurisdictions or vehicle types, such as motorboats, require only one plate, attached to the rear of the vehicle.
National databases relate this number to other information describing the vehicle, such as the make, colour, year of manufacture, engine size, type of fuel used, mileage recorded, vehicle identification number, the name and address of the vehicle's registered owner or keeper. In the vast majority of jurisdictions, the government holds a monopoly on the manufacturing of vehicle registration plates for that jurisdiction. Either a government agency or a private company with express contractual authorization from the government makes plates as needed, which are mailed to, delivered to, or picked up by the vehicle owners. Thus, it is illegal for private citizens to make and affix their own plates, because such unauthorized private manufacturing is equivalent to forging an official document. Alternatively, the government will assign plate numbers, it is the vehicle owner's responsibility to find an approved private supplier to make a plate with that number. In some jurisdictions, plates will be permanently assigned to that particular vehicle for its lifetime.
If the vehicle is either destroyed or exported to a different country, the plate number is retired or reissued. China requires the re-registration of any vehicle that crosses its borders from another country, such as for overland tourist visits, regardless of the length of time it is due to remain there. Other jurisdictions follow a "plate-to-owner" policy, meaning that when a vehicle is sold the seller removes the current plate from the vehicle. Buyers must either obtain new plates or attach plates they hold, as well as register their vehicles under the buyer's name and plate number. A person who sells a car and purchases a new one can apply to have the old plates put onto the new car. One who sells a car and does not buy a new one may, depending on the local laws involved, have to turn the old plates in or destroy them, or may be permitted to keep them; some jurisdictions permit the registration of the vehicle with "personal" plates. In some jurisdictions, plates require periodic replacement associated with a design change of the plate itself.
Vehicle owners may or may not have the option to keep their original plate number, may have to pay a fee to exercise this option. Alternately, or additionally, vehicle owners have to replace a small decal on the plate or use a decal on the windshield to indicate the expiration date of the vehicle registration, periodic safety and/or emissions inspections or vehicle taxation. Other jurisdictions have replaced the decal requirement through the use of computerization: a central database maintains records of which plate numbers are associated with expired registrations, communicating with automated number plate readers to enable law-enforcement to identify expired registrations in the field. Plates are fixed directly to a vehicle or to a plate frame, fixed to the vehicle. Sometimes, the plate frames contain advertisements inserted by the vehicle service centre or the dealership from which the vehicle was purchased. Vehicle owners can purchase customized frames to replace the original frames. In some jurisdictions registration plate frames have design restrictions.
For example, many states, like Texas, allow plate frames but prohibit plate frames from covering the name of the state, district, Native American tribe or country that issued of license plate. Plates are designed to conform to standards with regard to being read by eye in day or at night, or by electronic equipment; some drivers purchase clear, smoke-colored or tinted covers that go over the registration plate to prevent electronic equipment from scanning the registration plate. Legality of these covers varies; some cameras incorporate filter systems that make such avoidance attempts unworkable with infra-red filters. Vehicles pulling trailers, such as caravans and semi-trailer trucks, are required to display a third registration plate on the rear of the trailer. An engineering study by the University of Illinois published in 1960 recommended that the state of Illinois adopt a numbering system and plate design "composed of combinations of characters which can be perceived and are legible at a distance of 125 feet under daylight conditions, are adapted to filing and administrative procedures".
It recommended that a standard plate size of 6 inches by 14 inches be adopte
Khairatabad is a Mandal in the Secunderabad Revenue division in Hyderabad District. It has a junction of five roads called Khairatabad circle, among the busiest in the city; those roads lead to Somajiguda, Hussain sagar, Lakdi-ka-pul and Anandnagar. One such extension is Raj Bhavan Road. Notable institutions and organizations include the Institution of Engineers, Administrative Staff College of India, Road Transport Authority, TSTRANSCO & TSGENCO, HMWS&SB, Patel Building, Nasr School, Zilla Parishad, ZEE Telefilms, Press Club, Laymen's Evangelical Church Shadan Group of Educational Institutions etc; the Vishweshwaraiah flyover leads to Hussain sagar lake. The area is named after a Khairunnissa, whose tomb is located next to the Khairtabad Mosque though the access is to the back of the monument; this tomb could be that of Khair-un-Nissa, the wife of Captain James Achilles Kirkpatrick mentioned in the 2002 book White Mughals by William Dalrymple. The 300-year-old Reddy house is there; the largest Lord Ganesh Idol in Hyderabad is installed near Khairtabad State Library during Ganesh chaturthi festival.
The local people participate in the 11-day festival and thousands of people from throughout India visit the Idol to seek the blessings of Lord Ganesh. On the 11th day, a procession carries the idol to Hussain Sagar Lake. After immersing the idol, the festival ends; the local people formed the Ganesh Utsav Committee. The Singari family has conducted the festival since 1954. Many poor families survive by selling products to visitors. Three months prior to festival day the construction of the idol begins. Nearly 200 workers led by a sculpturist work day and night for three months to construct this large idol, towering nearly 58 feet in height. Starting in 2018; the Ganesh Utsava Committee agreed to switch from plaster of Paris to an eco-friendly clay idol. Bella Vista, Hyderabad Mint Compound Indian Institute of Engineers RTA Nasr School for Girls ZEE TELEFILMS Eenadu Tomb of Khairunnissa Press Club Telangana Electricity Board Patel Building IELTS Review Training and Consulting Khairtabad is served by Hyderabad Multi-Modal Transport System, a local train service.
Buses are run by the state-owned TSRTC. Khairatabad A. C. Guards Kukatpally Miyapur Bachupally Wikimapia
Hyderabad district, India
Hyderabad District is a district in the state of Telangana in India that contains a part of the metropolitan area of Hyderabad. It is headed by a district collector, drawn from the IAS cadre and is appointed by the state government, it has the highest human density. The district is a city district. Old MCH area, central region of Hyderabad city comes under this district, it is a peaceful area in India where Hindus live in Harmony and unity. Hyderabad district was formed in 1948 after brutal Police Action of government of India by merging Atraf-a-Balda District and Baghat District. Baghat was a Taluk in Atraf-e-Balda District, was made a separate district in 1931-34 under the subedar of Medak division. After formation of Andhra Pradesh by merging Telugu speaking of Hyderabad state in 1956 Hyderabad district boundary was altered Tandur Taluka, Telugu speaking region of Gulbarga district was merged in Hyderabad district and Parigi Taluka of Mahabubnagar district and Vikarabad Taluka of Medak District merged in Hyderabad district.
In 1978 Hyderabad district was split into Hyderabad Urban District and Hyderabad Rural District. Hyderabad Urban District was made by 4 Talukas are Charminar, Golkonda and Secunderabad Talukas. Hyderabad rural district was renamed as Ranga Reddy District. Hyderabad Urban district subdivided in 16 Mandals in 1985 and consist of 2 Revenue division Hyderabad District includes the area of the core area Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation, Secunderabad Cantonment, Osmania University. There are 16 administrative areas called mandals in Hyderabad, they are: Sri. M. Raghunandan Rao IAS is the present collector of the district. Hyderabad district comprises 15 Assembly constituencies in the core of the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation. Hyderabad district occupies an area of 217 square kilometres. In the 2011 census Hyderabad district's population was 3,943,323, with a religious make-up of: Hindus, Christians, Jains and Buddhists. Equal to the US state of Oregon; this gives it a ranking of 57th in India.
The district has a population density of 18,480 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 4.71%. Hyderabad has a sex ratio of 943 females for every 1000 males, a literacy rate of 80.96%. The collectorate administers the district on behalf of the state government; the Hyderabad District does not have elected officials at the district level due to the absence of a Zilla Parishad although it has representations at the state and Union level legislature. In addition the entire district is contained within the jurisdiction of the GHMC, the city administration. Representatives are popularly elected to various wards of GHMC. Official website Hyderabad new district map with villages and mandals list 2016
Telangana is a state in India situated on the centre-south stretch of the Indian peninsula on the high Deccan Plateau. It is the twelfth largest state and the twelfth-most populated state in India with a geographical area of 112,077 km2 and 35,193,978 residents as per 2011 census. On 2 June 2014, the area was separated from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh as the newly formed 29th state with Hyderabad as its historic permanent capital, its other major cities include Warangal, Nizamabad and Karimnagar. Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Karnataka to the west, Andhra Pradesh to the east and south; the terrain of Telangana region consists of hills, mountain ranges, thick dense forests distribution of 27,292 sq. km. As of 2019, the state of Telangana is divided into 33 districts. Throughout antiquity and the Middle Ages, the region now known as Telangana was ruled by multiple major Indian powers such as the Cholas, Satavahanas, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate, Golconda Sultanate.
During the 16th and 17th centuries, the region was ruled by the Mughals. The region is known for its Ganga-Jamuni Tehzeeb. During the 18th century and the British Raj, Telangana was ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1823, the Nizams lost control over Northern Circars and Ceded Districts, which were handed over to the East India Company; the annexation by the British of the Northern Circars deprived Hyderabad State, the Nizam's dominion, of the considerable coastline it had, to that of a landlocked princely state with territories in Central Deccan, bounded on all sides by British India. Thereafter, the Northern Circars were governed as part of Madras Presidency until India's independence in 1947, after which the presidency became India's Madras state; the Hyderabad state joined the Union of India in 1948 after an Indian military invasion. In 1956, the Hyderabad State was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana was merged with the Telugu-speaking Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh.
A peasant-driven movement began to advocate for separation from Andhra Pradesh starting in the early 1950s, continued until Telangana was awarded separate statehood on 2 June 2014. The economy of Telangana is the eighth-largest state economy in India with ₹8.43 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹181,000. The state has emerged as a major focus for robust IT software and services sector; the state is the main administrative centre to a large number of Indian defence aero-space and research labs like Bharat Dynamics Limited, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Defence Research and Development Organisation and Defence Research and Development Laboratory. The cultural hearts of Telangana and Warangal, are noted for their wealth and renowned historical structures – Charminar, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Paigah Tombs, Falaknuma Palace, Chowmahalla Palace, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, Thousand Pillar Temple and the Bhongir Fort in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district; the historic city Golconda during the Kakatiya reign was once known for the mines that have produced some of the world's most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor, Hope Diamond, Daria-i-Noor, Regent Diamond, Nassak Diamond and Noor-ul-Ain.
Religious edifices like the Lakshmi Narasimha Temple in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district, Makkah Masjid in Hyderabad, Medak Cathedral are several of its most famous places of worship. A popular etymology derives the word "Telangana" from Trilinga desa, a region so called because three important Shaivite shrines were located here: Kaleshwaram and Draksharama. According to Jayadhir Thirumala Rao, a former director of Andhra Pradesh Oriental Manuscripts Library and Research Centre, the name Telangana is of Gondi origin. Rao asserts that it is derived from "Telangadh", which according to him, means "south" in Gondi and has been referred to in "Gond script dating back to about 2000 years". One of the earliest uses of a word similar to Telangana can be seen in a name of Malik Maqbul, called the Tilangani, which implies that he was from Tilangana, he was the commander of the Warangal Fort. A 16th-century travel writer, recorded in his book: During the just reign of Ibrahim Kootb Shah, like Egypt, became the mart of the whole world.
Merchants from Toorkistan and Persia resorted to it. The greatest luxuries from foreign parts daily abounded at the king's hospitable board; the word "Telinga" changed over time to "Telangana" and the name "Telangana" was designated to distinguish the predominantly Telugu-speaking region of the erstwhile Hyderabad State from its predominantly Marathi-speaking one, Marathwada. After Asaf Jahis ceded the Seemandhra region to the British, the rest of the Telugu region retained the name Telingana and the other parts were called Madras Presidency's Circars and Ceded. Telangana was governed by many rulers, including the Maurya Empire, Satavahana dynasty, Vakataka dynasty, Chalukya dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, the Kakatiya Dynasty, the Musunuri Nayaks the Delhi Sultanate, the Bahmani Sultanate, Vijayanagara Empire, Qutb Shahi dynasty, Mughal Empire and Asaf Jahi Dynasty; the Satavahana dynasty became the dominant power in this region. It originated from the lands between the Godavari