Riverside Transit Agency
The Riverside Transit Agency is the main transit agency for western Riverside County, United States. RTA provides both local and regional services throughout the region with 34 fixed-routes, eight CommuterLink routes, Dial-A-Ride services using 289 vehicles. In the cities of Corona and Banning, RTA coordinates regional services with municipal transit systems. In Riverside, RTA coordinates with the city's Riverside Special Services, which provides ADA complementary service to RTA's fixed-route services. RTA was established as a joint powers agency on August 15, 1975 and began operating bus service on March 16, 1977. RTA experienced record ridership in Fiscal Year 2014 with over 9.5 million boardings. RTA is governed by a board of directors composed of 22 elected officials from 18 cities in western Riverside County and four members of the County Board of Supervisors; the member jurisdictions include the cities of Beaumont, Hemet, Lake Elsinore, Moreno Valley, Murrieta, Perris, San Jacinto, Temecula and the unincorporated areas of Riverside County Supervisorial Districts I, II, III and V. RTA’s service consists of 34 local fixed routes and 8 commuter express routes.
The fixed-route service includes tourist trolleys. The agency provides dial-a-ride service in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act. In 2003, RTA launched CommuterLink, its first bus service designed to serve Riverside County’s growing number of commuters; the specially designed express buses have limited stop service to major transit centers and Metrolink stations in Riverside county. In 2005, RTA debuted free Wi-Fi Internet service aboard its Temecula-Riverside CommuterLink Route 202, making the agency among the first in Southern California to offer such amenities aboard public buses. By the end of 2016, Wi-fi will be offered on all of the agency's fixed-route buses. RTA plans on implementing a limited-stop system called RapidLink along Magnolia Avenue, from Riverside to Corona paralleling the existing Route 1 with limited stops and traffic-signal priority; the project as proposed would resemble LACMTA's Metro Rapid lines, with buses traveling in mixed traffic rather than a dedicated lane.
Dubbed the Gold Line, the service is expected to begin operating in 2017. In September 2006, RTA partnered with the University of California, Riverside to provide their students with an all-access bus pass. UC Riverside students get free rides on all fixed-route and CommuterLink buses by swiping their valid university identification cards through any RTA bus farebox when they board; the program, called U-Pass, is designed to help ease traffic congestion around campus, reduce parking problems and encourage ride-sharing. Additionally, RTA operates a trolley service called the Crest Cruiser, free to UCR students and travels around the university to off-campus housing and retail outlets. Students of La Sierra University have benefited from U-Pass since January 2009, California Baptist University joined the program in August 2009; as of August 21, 2008, RTA has partnered with Riverside Community College District to provide the same free transit services to students at the Riverside City and Moreno Valley college campuses.
The program, called Go Pass, requires that students swipe their valid RCCD ID cards through the bus farebox when boarding. As of August 2014, the Go-Pass has logged more than 4.5 million RCCD student rides. In August 2010, RTA expanded the reach of its Go-Pass program by partnering with the Mt. San Jacinto College District. Students at the Banning and San Jacinto campuses who pay their student fees are allowed unlimited riders on all fixed-route and CommuterLink buses with the swipe of their ID card. City of Riverside employees ride free under the CityPass program, initiated in the summer of 2007. Under an agreement with the Riverside County Courts, anyone serving as a juror at the Riverside and Murrieta Courthouses is entitled to free travel on any RTA bus; the City of Riverside, using funding from the South Coast Air Quality Management District, began offering discounted bus passes to all residents of the city in December 2009. This program, called Riverside Go Transit, provides a 30% discount on monthly passes.
Any person who meets RTA active duty military, police or fire personnel requirements rides free on RTA fixed-route buses. Active duty military personnel must wear the appropriate uniform at the time of boarding or present to the driver a valid U. S. Uniformed Services ID card indicating active service or a Common Access card indicating uniformed services or active duty. Police and fire personnel must be in full uniform at the time of boarding. Customers must wear the appropriate uniform or show appropriate ID each time they board a bus to receive the discounted fare. RTA maintains several transit centers throughout their service area; the primary transit center, the Riverside Downtown Terminal, is located between University and Mission Inn Avenues just west of Market Street in downtown Riverside. It is located adjacent to the Riverside Greyhound station; the Downtown Perris station, located between 1st and 2nd Streets east of C Street in Perris, opened on January 10, 2010, with 6 bus bays and a park-and-ride lot.
The center is a station for weekend excursion trains from the Orange Empire Railway Museum, is a station on Metrolink's Perris Valley Line. The Corona Transit Center opened in September 2010, adjacent to the North Main Corona Metrolink station; the center has 8 bus bays, additional park-and-ride parkin
Manhattan Beach, California
Manhattan Beach is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, United States, on the Pacific coast south of El Segundo, north of Hermosa Beach. Manhattan Beach is one of the three Beach Cities; the climate is unusually moderate because of Manhattan Beach's proximity to the Pacific Ocean, with an average year-round high of 69.1ºF and an average year-round low of 56.4ºF. Its schools are run independently of Los Angeles Unified School District with a separate school board based in Manhattan Beach. Mira Costa High School in Manhattan Beach is ranked in the top 1% of high schools nationally and has students from both Manhattan Beach and Hermosa Beach. According to a May 18, 2017 PropertyShark study the City of Manhattan Beach 90266 zip code ranked as the 32nd most expensive zip code in the United States. According to a December 2017 PropertyShark study the City of Manhattan Beach had the highest median price per square foot for residential properties of all 88 cities in L. A. County, ahead of Malibu and Beverly Hills.
The community is known for a long beach stretching 2.1 miles and 450 feet wide. The residents have a median age of 44.2 years, an average household size of 2.5, 55.6% are married. Manhattan Beach is known for having less traffic congestion than other parts of Los Angeles, along with many fine dining options, a casual beach culture. In 1863, a Scottish immigrant, Sir Robert Burnett, purchased Rancho Sausal Redondo and Rancho Aguaje de la Centinela from Avila's heirs for $33,000. Ten years in 1873, Burnett leased the ranch to a Canadian, Daniel Freeman. Burnett returned to Scotland. Freeman started growing various crops. On May 4, 1885, Freeman bought the ranch from Burnett for $140,000. George H. Peck owned a lot of the land. A coin flip decided the town's name. Around 1902, the beach suburb was named "Manhattan" after developer Stewart Merrill's home, the New York City borough of Manhattan. "Beach" was appended to the city's name in 1927 at the behest of the postmaster. The land in Manhattan Beach was sand dunes.
During the 1920s and 1930s, Kuhn Brothers Construction Company leveled uneven sandy sites and some excess sand was sold and shipped to Waikiki, Hawaii, to convert their reef and rock beach into a sandy beach. The sand was used to build the Los Angeles Coliseum and portions of the Pacific Coast Highway. Manhattan Beach benefits from ocean breezes that provide clean air and summer temperatures that are 10 to 20 °F cooler than the inland regions of Southern California; the Manhattan Beach Unified School District has test scores ranked #3 in the state of California according to California Department of Education statistics. Forbes magazine ranked Manhattan Beach Unified as the sixth best School District in the U. S. According to a July 5, 2014, article in the Beach Reporter newspaper, the city of Manhattan Beach has more educated residents than any other Los Angeles suburb. Many high-profile individuals in the sports and entertainment industry live in Manhattan Beach due to its oceanfront desirability, top performing school district, commuting distance to Los Angeles.
GQ Magazine named Manhattan Beach one of the nation's six best beaches in their July 2014 issue. The city has a total area of 3.9 square miles. Manhattan Beach features 2.1 miles of ocean frontage. Manhattan Beach is a hotspot for beach surfing. A majority of the land in Manhattan Beach was once exposed sand dunes which now lie beneath the city's buildings and streets; the underlying dunes afford residents ocean views throughout western portions of the city. The tallest hill is 244 feet high and located in the city's southwest region; the only remaining exposed sand dune is at Sand Dune Park, where sand resembling the original landscape can be found. In the late 1920s, Manhattan Beach excess sand was purchased by Hawaiʻian developers, who negotiated a deal with the Kuhn Brothers Construction Company to ship the sand across the Pacific Ocean from Manhattan Beach via Los Angeles Harbor to Waikiki Beach over a 10-year period; the beach is 400 feet wide and 2.1 miles long. In the early part of the last century, the beach was sloping.
From 1938 to 1989, it more than doubled in width when large quantities of sand were placed on beaches to the north during construction of the Hyperion Treatment Plant, Marina Del Rey, Scattergood Power Plant. The sand widened Manhattan Beach; every August, the city hosts the Manhattan Beach Open Volleyball Tournament and the International Surf Festival. Residents have divided the city into several distinct neighborhoods, including the "Strand" "Sand Section", "Hill Section", "Tree Section", "Gas Lamp Section", "Manhattan Village", "Manhattan Heights", "East Manhattan Beach", "Liberty Village", "The Poet's Section", "El Porto"; the Roth Tract, between Herrin and Peck, is sometimes referred to as the "Bird Section." The "Hill Section" is known for its high priced homes where many of the residences are remodeled or newly constructed. The steep hills allow panoramic city views; the nearby "Sand Section" is notable for its quiet walk-street neighborhoods adjacent to the ocean. Oceanfront homes stretch along the bike path and walking lane of "The Strand".
"The Strand" section of Manhattan Beach includes some of the most expensive real estate per square fo
Green Line (Los Angeles Metro)
The Green Line is a 20-mile light rail line running between Redondo Beach and Norwalk within Los Angeles County. It is one of six lines forming the Los Angeles Metro Rail system; the line opened on August 12, 1995. It became the third line in the Metro Rail system after the opening of the Blue Red Line; the line was delayed due to a change of the line's route from Los Angeles International Airport to El Segundo. In addition to Redondo Beach and Norwalk, the route serves El Segundo, South Los Angeles, Lynwood and Willowbrook, it serves the Plaza Mexico shopping center at the Long Beach Boulevard station in the city of Lynwood. A free shuttle bus to Los Angeles International Airport is available at the line's Aviation/LAX Station; the line is suburb-to-suburb service, so it is the only one in the entire Metro Rail system not to serve Downtown Los Angeles but passengers can reach it by connecting with the Metro Silver Line busway at the Harbor Freeway Station, the Metro Blue Line light rail at Willowbrook Station or Metro Express 460 at Norwalk Station.
The grade-separated route runs in the median of the Century Freeway with a elevated section to the west. The line is maintained by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority; the Green Line is internally known as Line 803: this designation appears on internal operating schedules, as well as in the hyperlink on Metro's timetable website. The Green Line is the fastest light rail line in the Metro light rail network. Green Line trains operate at 55–65 mph on the I-105 freeway portion and around 40 mph on the elevated portion west of Aviation/LAX Station; when the Green Line began service in 1995, it operated with only one-car trains. As ridership increased, two-car trains were used. Ridership on the Green Line has not been as high as the Blue Line, although it did have a higher ridership than the Gold Line until 2013. Additionally, the Green Line runs with one-car trains in the early mornings and late evenings on weekdays, on weekends. Although nearly all of the Green Line stations were built to accommodate three-car trains, the Green Line has never used trains consisting of more than two cars.
The stations west of Aviation/LAX Station were not built to accommodate three-car trains. However, it is possible that the Green Line would use three-car trains when the Crenshaw/LAX Line is complete. Beginning in 2019, Metro will rename all of their BRT lines from colors to letters; as such, the bulk of the current Green Line, combined with the soon-to-open Crenshaw/LAX Line project, will be renamed as C Line while retaining the current green coloring on maps. The entire route of the Green Line is grade-separated, with its tracks following a elevated route, either on a guideway or in the median of the Century Freeway; the line begins in the west at Redondo Beach station heads north through El Segundo. At Aviation/LAX, passengers can transfer to any one of several bus lines from different operators Shuttle Bus "G", a shuttle bus from the Green Line to LAX. From here, the Green Line heads east in the median of the Century Freeway, with a connection to the Metro Silver Line bus rapid transit line at the Harbor Freeway Station.
It continues to a major transfer connection at the Willowbrook Station. The line terminates in the city of Norwalk, just east of the 605 Freeway. Metro Green Line trains run between 3:36 a.m. and 11:55 p.m. daily. Service on Friday and Saturday nights continues until 2:15 a.m. First and last train times are as follows: To Norwalk Station Eastbound First Train to Norwalk from Willowbrook/Rosa Parks Station: 3:33 a.m. First Train to Norwalk from Douglas Station: 3:41 a.m. Last Train to Norwalk: 11:59 p.m. To Redondo Beach Station Westbound First Train to Redondo Beach Station: 4:04 a.m. Last Train to Redondo Beach Station: 12:50 a.m. Trains on the Green Line operate every seven to eight minutes during peak hours Monday through Friday, they operate every 15 minutes during the midday and all day on the weekends, with night service running every 20 minutes. As part of the consent decree signed by Caltrans in 1972 to allow construction of the fiercely opposed Century Freeway, provisions were made for a transit corridor in the freeway's median.
Construction began in 1987 on the line as a light rail line, with a route following I-105 but a short section in the South Bay following the Harbor Subdivision. This western alignment was planned and constructed to connect with LAX, but the airport was planning a major renovation during the line's construction. Los Angeles World Airports wanted the connection to LAX to be integrated with this construction, but there were concerns from the Federal Aviation Administration that the overhead lines of the rail line would interfere with the landing paths of airplanes. Various studies have suggested extending the Green Line north to LAX, Loyola Marymount University, Santa Monica. A possible southern extension could take the Green Line's southern terminus farther southeast, to the South Bay Galleria or beyond, and on the line's east end, the line may one day be extended from its current terminus at Norwalk station to Norwalk/Santa Fe Springs station. The Crenshaw/LAX Line project extends from the existing Green Line, the question of how the new segment would be integrated into the Metro Rail system was the subject of some controversy in 2018 as completion of the project loomed.
Montebello Bus Lines
Montebello Bus Lines is a municipal bus operator in Montebello, USA serving East Los Angeles and Montebello. Montebello Bus Lines began on 28 July 1931, with a small lot on the corner of Greenwood Avenue and Olympic Boulevard, where the four buses the agency operated were housed; the conception of Montebello Bus Lines came after several other transport services had served the area. Two years after the City of Montebello was incorporated in 1920, the City launched its first attempt at operating a municipal bus route, but the City decided to sell its bus operation to the Motor Transport Company in 1928. Three years in 1931, the City purchased the route back from the Motor Transport Company, Montebello Bus Lines was born. In the agency’s early days, passengers paid a nickel to ride the bus and bus operators earned $120 per month. Montebello Bus Lines has grown to be the third largest municipal transport agency in Los Angeles County, operating seven local routes, an express route, a semi-fixed-route feeder service and a Dial-a-Ride service.
Montebello Bus Lines serves 15 communities, providing transport to 8 million passengers on an annual basis. As of September 2013, Montebello Bus Lines has 7 Compressed natural gas buses, 44 hybrid buses and plans to replace its 15 remaining Diesel fuel buses with CNG in next few years, it own a CNG fueling station to service the Montebello Bus Lines. The American Public Transportation Association has recognised Montebello Bus Line’s service. Montebello Bus Lines is the recipient of APTA's Outstanding Transport System Award and APTA's top Silver Safety Award in 1999, as well as the Achievement Award in 1997, 1998, 2000 and 2002. Within its service area of 67 square kilometres, Montebello Bus Lines serving the communities of: Montebello Bus Lines consists of 8 routes in the San Gabriel Valley Central and West. Montebello Bus Lines fixed route services can broadly be divided into three types: Major Local Services, Minor Local Services, Peak Express Service. Routes 10, 20, 40 are the major service routes.
Routes 30, 50, 60, 70 are the minor service routes. Route 90 is the express route. Former Route. Departs Gage Avenue and Telegraph Road to Downtown LA at 06:20 and 06:50. Departs from Downtown Los Angeles to Gage Avenue and Telegraph Road at 17:20 and 17:50. In the early days of the Montebello Bus Lines, there was a route that had a bus stop in the middle of the 700 block of Bradshawe Street; the buses used to be blue, student riders of the bus affectionately called the Montebello Bus, "the big blue limousine." Montebello Link begins operations in 1997. Montebello Bus Lines contracts five Metrolink feeder routes offers a kerb-to-kerb shuttle to and from the Montebello/Commerce Metrolink station during the peak hours; this reservation based service utilises shuttles meet the Metrolink's arriving schedule in the morning and takes passengers to major employment centres. The feeder routes carry commuters back to the station in the afternoon; the City of Montebello operates Montebello Dial-A-Taxi since 2007, a programme which offers transport for elderly residents and qualified handicapped persons of any age and their attendants.
15,000 residents utilise this service. Official website
Pasadena Transit known as Pasadena Area Rapid Transit System, is a city-operated local bus service in Pasadena, United States. It was formed in 1994 coinciding with the kickoff of the World Cup at the Rose Bowl as a free service of the City of Pasadena. In 2003, fares were introduced. In December 2015, the agency changed its name to Pasadena Transit. Pasadena Transit consists of 8 routes in the City of Pasadena. All routes connect with the Metro Gold Line. Effective July 1, 2018, service is operated seven days a week, with the exception of six major holidays; the Pasadena-Altadena Regional Trolley System is a proposed heritage streetcar system that would connect Altadena and Pasadena City College. No dates for this proposal have been set. Gold Line
Los Angeles Department of Transportation
The Los Angeles Department of Transportation referred to as LADOT, is a municipal agency that oversees transportation planning, construction and operations within the City of Los Angeles. LADOT was created by city ordinance, is run by a general manager appointed by the Mayor of Los Angeles, under the oversight of a citizens' commission appointed by the mayor. LADOT is best known for providing public transportation to the City of Los Angeles, it operates the second-largest fleet in Los Angeles County next to Metro. It consist of over 300 vehicles, serving nearly 30 million passengers a year and operating over 800,000 hours. LADOT develops the traffic signal timing and transportation planning for the city. Actual road maintenance and construction is provided by the Los Angeles City Department of Public Works. LADOT performs many transportation related duties, with six main operating groups: Parking Enforcement & Traffic Control, Project Delivery, Parking Management & Regulations, Transit Services, Administration.
The DASH is a transit bus operates 30 routes covering Downtown Los Angeles and many outlying communities within the City. Its primary function is to provide localized service, is a feeder into the countywide MTA Metro service. DASH Community Routes include: Beachwood Canyon Boyle Heights/East LA Chesterfield Square Crenshaw Downtown A: Little Tokyo/City West Downtown B: Chinatown/Financial District (connects with the Metro Red Line, Metro Gold Line, Metro Blue Line, Metrolink Lines: Ventura County, Antelope Valley, San Bernardino, 91, Orange County, Amtrak lines: Pacific Surfliner, Coast Starlight, Sunset Limited, Southwest Chief, Texas Eagle Downtown D: Union Station/South Park (connects with the Metro Red Line, Metro Gold Line, Metro Blue Line, Metro Expo Line, Metrolink Lines: Ventura County, Antelope Valley, San Bernardino, 91, Orange County, Amtrak lines: Pacific Surfliner, Coast Starlight, Sunset Limited, Southwest Chief, Texas Eagle Downtown E: City West/Financial District Downtown F: Financial District Exposition Park, L.
A. Coliseum/LAFC Stadium/USC El Sereno/City Terrace Fairfax Highland Park/Eagle Rock Hollywood Hollywood/Wilshire King-East Leimert Park/ Slauson Lincoln Heights /Chinatown Los Feliz /Weekend Observatory Shuttle Midtown Northridge Observatory Panorama City/Van Nuys Pico Union/Echo Park San Pedro Southeast/Pueblo Del Rio Van Nuys/Studio City Vermont/Main Watts Wilmington Wilshire Center/Koreatown Most DASH buses are El Dorado EZ-Rider vehicles powered by propane, although CNG Gillig BRTs have since been introduced; the first two digits of DASH bus numbers denote. For instance, 98001 denotes 1998 and 06301 denotes 2006. All DASH buses are 30 feet long, making it easier to navigate in dense neighborhoods where there are narrower streets and tighter turns. Commuter Express is an express bus service, consisting of 13 routes, all but one running during rush hours only. Service started in 1985. Routes 419, 423, 431, 437, 438, 448 are former Metro lines that were cancelled. Fares are based on a flat rate for travel on streets plus an extra charge based on the distance traveled on freeways.
Unless otherwise noted, all services operates towards Downtown LA during the morning rush and from Downtown LA during the afternoon rush. For the purposes of this chart, closed-door means that customers are not allowed to use buses for local trips and open-door means that customers are allowed to use buses for local trips. Commuter Express services are provided by a variety of suburban vehicles, including Gillig Phantoms, Neoplan Metroliners, Stewart & Stevenson Apollo T-40s. Part of the fleet are a small number of CNG powered Orion V coaches. CityRide is a program for individuals in the City of Los Angeles, aged 65 or older and for qualified disabled persons. Los Angeles Department of Transportation TrafficInfo Department summary, p. 36
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were