A barbershop quartet is a group of four singers who sing music in the barbershop genre of singing, which uses four-part harmony without accompaniment by any instruments such as piano, a style called a cappella. It consists of a lead, the vocal part which carries the tune/melody; the baritone can sing either below the lead singer. Quartets can be male or female, but are not mixed male and female. A female barbershop quartet may be referred to as a Sweet Adelines quartet, the vocal parts have the same labels, since the roles perform similar functions in the quartet though the vocal ranges are different. Most barbershop quartets are male. Barbershop singing originated in the late 1800s and early 1900s of America, a hybrid of both black and white expressive cultural forms at the time; the African-American influence is sometimes overlooked, although these quartets had a formative role in the development of this style of singing. Popularity of the style faded in the 1920s and was revived in the mid-20th century with help by the Society for Preservation and Encouragement of Barber Shop Quartet Singing in America, founded in 1938.
Some researchers view the style as an invented tradition based on the early musical features and the society's application of the barbershop chord with its contests and rules. As a general rule, barbershop quartets use a TTBB arrangement, with the second tenor on lead vocal; the tenor harmonizes above the lead, making the part the highest in the quartet. So as not to overpower the lead singer, who carries the tune, the part is sung in falsetto, of a softer quality than singing in the modal register, though some quartets do make use of tenors with a softer full voice quality. Notable examples of barbershop quartets which made use of the full-voiced tenor include The Buffalo Bills and Boston Common; the range of a tenor in barbershop music does not closely correspond to that of a tenor's range in Classical repertoire being more in the range of the classical countertenor range. Lead sings the main melody. Baritone completes the chord with a medium voice slightly below the lead. Bass always sings and harmonizes the lowest notes setting the root of the chord for root position chords, or singing the lowest note of the chord for inverted chords.
The TV sitcom I Love Lucy used the cast in a barbershop quartet in the 1952 episode, "Lucy's Show-Biz Swan Song. Frasier featured a barbershop quartet in the episode, "Frasier's Curse." An episode of The Simpsons, "Homer's Barbershop Quartet", parodied the journey of The Beatles as though they were each members of a barbershop quartet named "The Be Sharps". The episode starred a quartet who sing on Main Street in Disneyland in California. In every episode of Nick Jr.'s television program Blue's Clues, a barbershop quartet can be heard saying "Mailtime", after which Steve or Joe sings the mail time song before the mail arrives at their house. The Barbershop Harmony Society International Quartet Contest Champions The Buffalo Bills were such a hit in the 1957 Meredith Willson Broadway musical The Music Man that they were cast in the 1962 film adaptation starring Robert Preston as Harold Hill and Shirley Jones as Marian Paroo; the internet webcomic Homestuck features a barbershop cover of the Eddie Morton song, "I'm a Member of the Midnight Crew".
The cover was sung by a fan of the series and was put into the comic on the page, "DD: Ascend more casually." Cuphead, known for its 1900s cartoon style, contains two songs sung by a barbershop quartet: "Don't Deal with the Devil" and "A Quick Break" In a 2019 GEICO television commercial, a barbershop quartet sings while playing a four-on-four basketball game. Gospel quartet Barbershop chorus Barbershop Harmony Society List of Barbershop Harmony Society quartet champions Media related to Barbershop quartets at Wikimedia Commons
Dr. Bunsen Honeydew is a Muppet character from The Muppet Show, performed by Dave Goelz, he is a bald, green-skinned, lab-coated scientist who would do periodic science segments from "Muppet Labs, where the future is being made today." The character has no eyes, only transparent, lensless glasses, giving the appearance of a stereotypical absent-minded intellectual. His first name is derived from Robert Bunsen, his last name is a reference to the honeydew melon, which his head is shaped like. It is a reference to Honeywell Labs, a technology company which aired TV commercials well-known at the time of the original Muppet Show. Honeydew's experiments cause great harm to his nervous and long-suffering assistant Beaker, a nearly mute Muppet with a shock of reddish hair. Honeydew worked alone in the first season of The Muppet Show, but from the second season onward, the luckless Beaker would always be present; some of the inventions that were created and tested included: edible paper clips, a gorilla detector, hair-growing tonic, banana sharpener, a robot politician and an electric nose warmer.
In response to the ancient quest of alchemy to turn lead into gold, Honeydew created a device that turned gold into cottage cheese. Dr. Bunsen Honeydew's moniker is derived from the traditional piece of lab equipment, the Bunsen burner, plus the fact that his head was shaped and colored like a honeydew melon, he was rumored to be modeled after Lew Grade, whose company ITC Entertainment produced The Muppet Show. Henson responded in a Judy Harris interview: Bunsen Honeydew was not Lew Grade when we did him, it would have been easy to make him much more like Lew Grade if we had tried to and, in retrospect, I wish that we had. The character that owns the Muppet theatre only appeared a couple of times and I always — in looking back — wished that I had made that to look just like Lew Grade because he's caricaturable. One of his most endearing features is his lack of visible eyes, despite the fact that he wears glasses. Honeydew removes his glasses to clean them, or lifts them as if to get a better look at things, something of a running gag.
Bunsen's eyes have only been seen once, during a sequence in The Great Muppet Caper. Films where he appeared in major roles include The Muppet Movie, The Muppet Christmas Carol, Muppet Treasure Island, Muppets from Space, It's a Very Merry Muppet Christmas Movie, The Muppets' Wizard of Oz with Beaker, he appeared in a small supporting role with Beaker in The Great Muppet Caper and A Muppets Christmas: Letters to Santa, though in The Muppets Take Manhattan Bunsen and Beaker only appeared as background characters in the wedding scene. A scene with them was deleted. In the Halloween 2011 episode of WWE Raw, Bunsen developed a specially formulated energy drink that provides strength and fresher smelling breath to those who take it, he had Beaker go deliver it to Santino Marella for his match against Jack Swagger. The duo appear in the 2011 feature film The Muppets, where they have been working at CERN with the Large Hadron Collider after The Muppet Show ended, their big CERN scene was deleted, as well as a scene with a bowling ball, leaving them with a minor role in the film.
Both Bunsen and Beaker appear in the follow-up feature film Muppets Most Wanted with a larger role than the previous film and are in a supporting role including a featured invention of theirs, a big bomb-attracter vest. Bunsen and Beaker appear in the 2015 TV series The Muppets, as the heads of the props and special effects department. Bunsen graduated from Carnegie Mellonhead University and was employed as an assistant to Dr. Pinhole Burns, he is the founder of Muppet Labs. Both scientists were incorporated into the Muppet Babies animated series. Howie Mandel and Dave Coulier voiced Bunsen, Frank Welker provided Beaker's squeaky meeps. Bunsen made an appearance in Little Muppet Monsters voiced by Bob Bergen. Following Richard Hunt's death in 1992, the role of Beaker was taken over by Steve Whitmire. In a 2004 Internet poll sponsored by the BBC and the British Association for the Advancement of Science, Beaker and Dr. Bunsen Honeydew were voted Britain's favourite cinematic scientists, they beat Mr. Spock, their closest rival, by a margin of 2 to 1 and won 33 percent of the 43,000 votes cast.
Honeydew was featured on the #19 Dodge Dealers Dodge of Jeremy Mayfield in the 2002 Tropicana 400 in an advertising campaign in which he and his fellow Muppets were featured on a select few race cars. Honeydew made an appearance in the Family Guy episode "Jungle Love", with Peter Griffin as an assistant rather than Beaker. Honeydew is referenced in Episode 1 of Archer; the Muppet Movie The Great Muppet Caper The Muppets Take Manhattan Muppet*Vision 3D The Muppet Christmas Carol Muppet Classic Theater Muppet Treasure Island It's A Very Merry Muppet Christmas Movie Muppets from Space The Muppets' Wizard of Oz A Muppet Family Christmas Jim Henson's Muppet Babies The Muppets at Walt Disney World Studio DC: Almost Live A Muppets Christmas: Letters to Santa The Muppets Lady Gaga and the Muppets Holiday Spectacular Muppets Most Wanted Muppet Mobile Lab Mad scientist Dr. Bunsen Honeydew on Muppet Wiki Official Muppets website
Anthony Carelli is a Canadian sports analyst, web series host, retired professional wrestler, former mixed martial artist and occasional actor. He works for Impact Wrestling under his real name, he is best known for his 11-year tenure with WWE where he wrestled under the ring name Santino Marella. He is the founder of Canadian martial arts and professional wrestling training facility Battle Arts Academy. Anthony Carelli is known for his humorous gimmick as Santino Marella, an Italian stereotype being involved in comedic segments, having several on-screen relationships with fellow wrestlers, as well as being crowned "Miss WrestleMania" at WrestleMania XXV disguised as "Santina Marella", his character won Carelli Wrestling Observer Newsletter's award for Best Gimmick in 2007 and 2008. During his time in WWE, Carelli won the Intercontinental Championship in his debut, he is a former WWE Tag Team Champion and United States Champion. Carelli won four championships in WWE before retiring from professional wrestling in 2014.
Anthony Carelli was born in Mississauga, Ontario, to a family of Italian descent, attended St Basil's Catholic Elementary School, Philip Pocock Catholic Secondary School. Carelli trained in judo at the age of nine and competed in high school wrestling, winning the Region of Peel Secondary School Athletic Association Tournament, back-to-back as a junior and a senior. Carelli was trained by journeyman wrestler Don Kolov in Woodbridge, Ontario. Anthony Carelli started his career on the Ontario independent circuit as Johnny Geo Basco, debuting with a disqualification win over Xhibit in the opening match of a Ring Wars show in Orangeville, Ontario, on August 17, 2003. In the second half of 2004, Carelli wrestled four matches for Battlarts in Japan, as Johnny Geo Basco. By this time he competed in mixed martial arts, in which he claimed in 2006 to have a 6–1 record, although only one fight is confirmed. In 2005, Anthony Carelli began training at Ohio Valley Wrestling, a developmental territory for World Wrestling Entertainment.
In July, during a storyline where he was supposed to act afraid of The Boogeyman, but instead laughed, Anthony Carelli was shouted at and slapped by Jim Cornette, OVW's head booker and co-owner. This incident led to Cornette being fired as OVW booker by WWE. Under OVW's new booker, Paul Heyman, Anthony Carelli adopted the gimmick of Boris Alexiev, a Russian shootfighter/mixed martial artist. On October 29, he lost his debut OVW match, teaming with Aaron Stevens against Chet the Jet and Chris Cage. Alexiev made his TV debut on April 12, 2006, managed by his "comrade", Mr. Strongko and defeating Mo Sexton, he was booked to dominate opponents with submission style wrestling. He had a 10-second win over a wrestler named Dewey, he signed a developmental contract with WWE on August 11, 2006, continued training in OVW. On January 24, 2007, Alexiev won the OVW Television Championship from Mike Kruel, defending in place of champion Eddie Kraven, he lost it back to Kruel on February 7, regained it from him on March 14.
Three days he dropped it to Shawn Spears. He was called up to the WWE roster a month later. Anthony Carelli debuted as Santino Marella on the April 16, 2007 episode of Raw from Italy, he was the opponent selected by Vince McMahon for Umaga as a fan. The unknown Marella scored a surprising upset, won the WWE Intercontinental Championship with an assist from Bobby Lashley; the next day, WWE.com posted a profile on Marella, saying he was an Italian national who moved to Canada as a child and returned to his native country a few times each year to visit family. It said he moved to the U. S. to pursue a wrestling career with WWE. Shortly after winning the Intercontinental title, Marella feuded with Chris Masters, narrowly retaining the title in his first defenses. On July 2, he dropped the title to Umaga, after defeating him on June 24, at Vengeance: Night of Champions, by disqualification. Marella began a gradual heel turn and became jealous of his girlfriend, Maria. Over several weeks, they appeared together in a series of segments on Raw, including two "game show" skits, hosted by General Manager William Regal, which resulted in retired wrestler Ron Simmons winning a date with Maria, to Santino's dismay.
Marella began a publicity campaign against the WWE Films production, The Condemned, as its DVD release neared. He was confronted by the film's star, Steve Austin, who argued the film's merits before delivering a Stone Cold Stunner to Marella and hosing him and Maria with beer. During the Austin angle, Marella mocked him and his catchphrases in humorously broken English, starting a new comedic trend in his gimmick. After a short angle with Jerry Lawler, which included Lawler hitting his signature fist drop maneuver after Marella lost a match to the returning Chris Jericho on the November 26 episode of Raw, Marella formed a tag team with Carlito. Around this time, Maria was offered a photo shoot for Playboy magazine. After unsuccessfully persuading her to decline it, Marella tried to sabotage the cover unveiling, causing Maria to dump him. At WrestleMania XXIV, Maria had a "Playboy BunnyMania Lumberjack match". Santino interfered near the end of the match, pulling Maria off of a pin, was punched by Jerry Lawler.
After the match, he was clotheslined by Snoop Dogg. The next night on Raw, Maria wrestled Marella. Seven other women ganged up on him, held his legs apart for Maria to headbutt his testicles and pin him; this ended their feud. Marella and Carlito the
David Alan Coulier is an American stand-up comedian, voice actor and television host. He is well known for playing Joey Gladstone on the ABC sitcom Full House and for voicing Peter Venkman on the cartoon adaptation of Ghostbusters and the infant incarnations of Animal and Bunsen on Muppet Babies. David Alan Coulier Couwlier, was born to David Alan Couwlier and Arlen Couwlier in St. Clair Shores, Michigan, on September 21, 1959, his mother's side of the family is from Bathurst, New Brunswick and his paternal grandmother was a Jewish immigrant from Germany. He got his start in stand-up comedy in high school by impersonating his principal and other staff over his high school's PA system, he graduated in 1977 from Notre Dame High School in Harper Woods, where he was a member of the varsity ice hockey team, playing defense alongside future NHL player John Blum. Coulier attended high school with Mark Cendrowski whose claim to fame is directing The Big Bang Theory. Coulier and Cendrowski have been friends since the third grade and were always making 8mm films together during high school.
Coulier attended The University of Michigan but dropped out after his freshman year to pursue comedy full time. Coulier met future Full House co-star Bob Saget through the Los Angeles comedy circuit; the two became good friends and Coulier lived with Saget and his then-wife Sherri on their couch in the early 1980s as he struggled to get his career started. He was cast as a player for Saturday Night Live for the 1986 season. However, right before the season started, casting changes were made and he was left off the show, it was said that many of the producers felt he was too similar in humor style to Dana Carvey, joining the show in 1986, and, why the change was made. Coulier has done extensive voice work for shows including Scooby and Scrappy-Doo, The Real Ghostbusters, Slimer! and the Real Ghostbusters, Extreme Ghostbusters, Muppet Babies after Howie Mandel left, The Jetsons, Rude Dog and the Dweebs, Detention. From 1984 to 1985, he was the host of a comedy series on Nickelodeon known as Out of Control.
Coulier is known for playing Joey Gladstone on the ABC sitcom Full House. He stayed on the show from 1987 until its cancellation in 1995, he was famous for doing impersonations. In addition to Full House, Coulier appeared on Nick Freno: Licensed Teacher, he has hosted America's Funniest People and Opportunity Knocks. Additionally, he was a voice actor in Yogi Bear and the Magical Flight of the Spruce Goose and has voiced Felix the Cat on a few occasions, he put out a solo album called Cut It Out, a self-proclaimed tribute to "tank tops and short shorts." In addition to his voice work, Coulier has taken a few acting parts appearing in the Disney Channel Original Movie's The Thirteenth Year and The Even Stevens Movie, as well as the Nickelodeon original movie Shredderman Rules and he wrote and starred in an unaired pilot for FX called Whispers and Balls. He founded his own children's entertainment company F3 Entertainment, in 2000. In 2003, Coulier appeared on season three of The Surreal Life. In 2006, he appeared on the TV reality show Skating with Celebrities on FOX, where he was paired with Olympic medalist Nancy Kerrigan.
They were eliminated in episode four. He is a member of Duck's Breath Mystery Theater touring comedy troupe as well as host of the series Animal Kidding, his work on Robot Chicken is his most "adult" to date, voicing off-color situations, like Popeye savagely beating Wimpy over a debt. On June 2, 2008, professional wrestling promotion based in Philadelphia, announced that Coulier was elected by the Chikara Board of Directors as the new commissioner of the company, a position that he held for two years until the next election. Coulier is the successor to fellow Full House cast member Bob Saget. In 2009, Coulier provided the voice for Bob McKenzie on the Canadian animated series Bob & Doug, based on the SCTV characters Bob and Doug McKenzie. Coulier became the first person other than Rick Moranis to portray the character, as Moranis was not interested in resuming the part. Coulier says he understands that longtime fans might be skeptical of his take on the role, but he could not help jumping at the chance to portray one of his favorite comic characters.
"It's huge shoes to fill. It's such an established, great character and I guess the only thing I have going for me is that it kind of sounds alike and that half of my family is from Canada." His mother's family is from New Brunswick. Coulier continued to make regular television appearances as the host of shows such as America's Funniest People and America's Most Talented Kid, he continues to tour the U. S. and Canada as a stand-up comedian. Coulier reprises his role as Joey Gladstone for the Full House spin-off Fuller House. Coulier's stand-up routine is centered on his ability to mimic celebrities and cartoon characters, a talent that has given him a second career in voice acting. Many of Coulier's bits involve putting well-known characters into unexpected situations. Coulier has been known to include harmonica playing in his act. Coulier's material is family-friendly, a position he has
"Danny Boy" is a ballad set to an ancient Irish melody. English songwriter Frederic Weatherly wrote the lyrics, which are set to the Irish tune of the "Londonderry Air"; the song was written in a small town called Limavady It is most associated with Irish communities. Written to a tune other than "Londonderry Air", English lawyer and lyricist Frederic Weatherly wrote the words to "Danny Boy" in Bath, Somerset in 1910. After his Irish-born sister-in-law Margaret in the United States sent him a copy of "Londonderry Air" in 1913, Weatherly modified the lyrics of "Danny Boy" to fit the rhyme and meter of "Londonderry Air". Weatherly gave the song to the vocalist Elsie Griffin, who made it one of the most popular songs in the new century. In 1915, Ernestine Schumann-Heink produced the first recording of "Danny Boy". Jane Ross of Limavady is credited with collecting the melody of "Londonderry Air" in the mid-19th century from a musician she encountered. Various suggestions exist as to the true meaning of "Danny Boy".
Some have interpreted the song to be a message from a parent to a son going off to a war or uprising or leaving as part of the Irish diaspora. The 1918 version of the sheet music included alternative lyrics, with the instructions that "when sung by a man, the words in italic should be used. In spite of this, it is unclear. Indeed, the song has been covered by a diverse range of male singers, including Mario Lanza, Bing Crosby, Andy Williams, Johnny Cash, Sam Cooke, Elvis Presley, Shane MacGowan, Jackie Wilson, Daniel O'Donnell, Harry Belafonte, Tom Jones, John Gary, Frank Patterson, Jacob Collier, Harry Connick Jr. and comedian Peter Kay amongst many others. All used the original lyrics. "Danny Boy" is considered to be an unofficial signature song and anthem by Irish Americans and Irish Canadians. "Danny Boy" is considered the Anthem of Northern Ireland. Due to the complicated politics of Northern Ireland, a constituent nation of the United Kingdom on the island of Ireland, anthems of both of those countries are used by their respective communities to indicate allegiance.
For several sporting events where Northern Ireland competes individually, such as the Commonwealth Games, the local song “A Londonderry Air” is used as its anthem. The song is popular for funerals. In 1928, Weatherly himself suggested that the second verse would provide a fitting requiem for the actress Ellen Terry. On 13 April 2013, the South Korean girl group Girls' Generation released the concert album of the 2011 Girls' Generation Asia Tour; the song is on CD 2, track number 7. Figure skating world champion Javier Fernández skated an exhibition program to Danny Boy choreographed by David Wilson, which Fernández debuted in Boston following his victory at the 2016 World Figure Skating Championships. Danny Boy, without lyrics, was the theme song for the television show Make Room for Daddy The Danny Thomas Show. Opera singer Renée Fleming sang "Danny Boy" at the funeral service for Senator John McCain on 1 September 2018. Danny Boy, with modified lyrics and music was used in Rubén Blades' album Mundo.
Southern gospel singer Dottie Rambo adapted the melody for her song, "He Looked Beyond My Fault and Saw My Need", notably sung by George Beverly Shea. "Danny Boy" has been recorded multiple times by a variety of performers. Several versions performed by notable performers are listed below in chronological order; the Legend and History of the Song Danny Boy Danny Boy 1913 sheet music from Duke University Libraries
A cappella music is group or solo singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way. It contrasts with cantata, accompanied singing; the term "a cappella" was intended to differentiate between Renaissance polyphony and Baroque concertato style. In the 19th century a renewed interest in Renaissance polyphony coupled with an ignorance of the fact that vocal parts were doubled by instrumentalists led to the term coming to mean unaccompanied vocal music; the term is used, albeit as a synonym for alla breve. A cappella music was used in religious music church music as well as anasheed and zemirot. Gregorian chant is an example of a cappella singing, as is the majority of secular vocal music from the Renaissance; the madrigal, up until its development in the early Baroque into an instrumentally-accompanied form, is usually in a cappella form. Jewish and Christian music were a cappella, this practice has continued in both of these religions as well as in Islam.
The polyphony of Christian a cappella music began to develop in Europe around the late 15th century AD, with compositions by Josquin des Prez. The early a cappella polyphonies may have had an accompanying instrument, although this instrument would double the singers' parts and was not independent. By the 16th century, a cappella polyphony had further developed, but the cantata began to take the place of a cappella forms. 16th century a cappella polyphony, continued to influence church composers throughout this period and to the present day. Recent evidence has shown that some of the early pieces by Palestrina, such as what was written for the Sistine Chapel was intended to be accompanied by an organ "doubling" some or all of the voices; such is seen in the life of Palestrina becoming a major influence on Bach, most notably in the Mass in B Minor. Other composers that utilized the a cappella style, if only for the occasional piece, were Claudio Monteverdi and his masterpiece, Lagrime d'amante al sepolcro dell'amata, composed in 1610, Andrea Gabrieli when upon his death it was discovered many choral pieces, one of, in the unaccompanied style.
Learning from the preceding two composeres, Heinrich Schütz utilized the a cappella style in numerous pieces, chief among these were the pieces in the oratorio style, which were traditionally performed during the Easter week and dealt with the religious subject matter of that week, such as Christ's suffering and the Passion. Five of Schutz's Historien were Easter pieces, of these the latter three, which dealt with the passion from three different viewpoints, those of Matthew and John, were all done a cappella style; this was a near requirement for this type of piece, the parts of the crowd were sung while the solo parts which were the quoted parts from either Christ or the authors were performed in a plainchant. In the Byzantine Rite of the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches, the music performed in the liturgies is sung without instrumental accompaniment. Bishop Kallistos Ware says, "The service is sung though there may be no choir... In the Orthodox Church today, as in the early Church, singing is unaccompanied and instrumental music is not found."
This a cappella behavior arises from strict interpretation of Psalms 150, which states, Let every thing that hath breath praise the Lord. Praise ye the Lord. In keeping with this philosophy, early Russian musika which started appearing in the late 17th century, in what was known as khorovïye kontsertï made a cappella adaptations of Venetian-styled pieces, such as the treatise, Grammatika musikiyskaya, by Nikolai Diletsky. Divine Liturgies and Western Rite masses composed by famous composers such as Peter Tchaikovsky, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Alexander Arkhangelsky, Mykola Leontovych are fine examples of this. Present-day Christian religious bodies known for conducting their worship services without musical accompaniment include some Presbyterian churches devoted to the regulative principle of worship, Old Regular Baptists, Primitive Baptists, Plymouth Brethren, Churches of Christ, Church of God, the Old German Baptist Brethren, Doukhobors the Byzantine Rite and the Amish, Old Order Mennonites and Conservative Mennonites.
Certain high church services and other musical events in liturgical churches may be a cappella, a practice remaining from apostolic times. Many Mennonites conduct some or all of their services without instruments. Sacred Harp, a type of folk music, is an a cappella style of religious singing with shape notes sung at singing conventions. Opponents of musical instruments in the Christian worship believe that such opposition is supported by the Christian scriptures and Church history; the scriptures referenced are Matthew 26:30. There is no reference to instrumental music in early church worship in the New Testament, or in the worship of churches for the first six centuries. Several reasons have been posited throughout church history for the absence of instrumental music in church worship. Christians who believe in a cappella music today believe that in the Israelite worship assembly during Temple worship only the Priests of Levi sang and offered animal sacrifices, whereas in the church era, all Christians are commanded to sing praises to God.
They believe that if God