Enrique Torres was a Mexican-American professional wrestler, the oldest three Torres brothers in wrestling, a major star in the late 1940s and 1950s. Torres was married to Maria in 1938, they had one daughter, born in December 1939. They had a son, born in November 1940. Torres married Rachel in 1950, they had two sons. Enrique married Kata in 1963. In his years Enrique was on kidney dialysis in addition to receiving a kidney transplant in 2006 suffered a stroke. On September 10, 2007 he died as a resident of the Carewest George Boyack Nursing Home in Calgary. Torres was born in Santa Ana and after a long amateur career entered professional wrestling in 1946 debuting at the Olympic Auditorium and was successful in the nascent and booming televised wrestling market in the California, he had no gimmicks, however his signature move was a deftly executed Flying Scissors. He used no self given stage name but a Mexican-market newspaper billed him as “La Pantera Negro de Sonora”, or "The Black Panther from Sonora, Mexico," due to his "smooth and lightning-fast moves."
He would be named "The Mexican Adonis." In his first year, he won the California version of the world heavyweight championship before losing it Gorgeous George, only to win it back the following year. In 1952 Torres and then-rival Baron Leone were involved in a case that went all the way to the Santa Monica Superior Court due to two fans claiming they were injured when Leone threw Torres into the crowd. Leone claimed if he was capable of the feat he'd leave wrestling to play for the Southern Cal football team, the two were exonerated. One of Torres' greatest matches was in February 1953 while he was the reigning Pacific Coast Heavy Weight champion, he wrestled the legendary world heavyweight champion Lou Thesz to a one-hour draw; the gate was a then-record $5000 in Sacramento. He claimed the Central States championship in 1952 and 1963. Due to his success Torres' brothers Alberto and Ramon wanted to join him in wrestling. Enrique worked with Ramon. In time, with hard work and training in Oakland, CA they received Enrique's blessing and went on the road.
The three went on to be involved in a'Vachon-Torres Brother War' in Georgia against the Vachon wrestling family. In 1971 Alberto would be the first to die, as a result of a ruptured pancreas from a match in the ring. Ramon would die August 2000 of heart failure. In addition to his singles titles, Torres held numerous tag team championships teamed with Bobo Brazil, Leo Nomellini, Ronnie Etchison, Johnny Barend, Jess Ortega, his brothers in the 1950s and 1960s, ranging from Texas to the Central States territory. Enrique and Alberto wrestled a headliner match in Havana, Cuba the night that the Batista regime fell to Castro’s rebel army in 1959 and returned to the US with the help of his Promoter, Benny Ginsberg and his Meyer Lansky connections in Cuba. Enrique retired in 1968 after one last run as a headline star, living in California Hawaii and Nevada. In 1969 Enrique was asked to make a cameo appearance by Jimmy Lennon, a much loved sports announcer at the Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles for a celebration of twenty-five years of televised wrestling.
Enrique moved with his third wife Kata Calgary, Canada. In 2006, a Japanese reporter visited Canada to meet and interview Enrique one last time. Enrique remains respected and revered as part of the Japan Wrestling Association where he wrestled the Japanese Sumobasho circuit in the 1960s, his success came for his skills, good looks and a convergence of technology and the need for television content in what would become a $Multi-Billion market. Those were the days of real wrestling, he used to say, "that these cauliflower ears didn't come from sleeping on hard hotel pillows, as well as his knee and other injuries sustained in the arena ring. It was called the arena, as a left over from the days of gladiatorial combat, arena means "the sand" in Latin. Enrique Torres - in 2010, voted into the Wrestling-Hall-of-Fame by a special committee that looked at pre-1980 wrestlers, Enrique Torres was one of the biggest stars in Southern California in the 1940s and 1950s. Enrique held the Los Angeles version of the World Title nonstop between 1946 and 1950.
During that time he had two of the biggest feuds of the era with Gorgeos George and Baron Michele Leone. He retired from wrestling in 1968 and died in 2007 at the age of 85. 50th State Big Time Wrestling NWA United States Heavyweight Championship NWA Hawaii Tag Team Championship - with Alberto Torres Central States Wrestling NWA Central States Heavyweight Championship NWA United States Heavyweight Championship Georgia Championship Wrestling NWA Georgia Southern Tag Team Championship - with Alberto Torres and Ramon Torres NWA World Tag Team Championship - with Alberto Torres and Ramon Torres Mid-Atlantic Championship Wrestling NWA Southern Tag Team Championship - with George Becker NWA All-Star Wrestling NWA Canadian Tag Team Championship - with Bearcat Wright NWA Hollywood Wrestling NWA American Heavyweight Championship NWA San Francisco NWA Pacific Coast Heavyweight Championship NWA Pacific Coast Tag Team Championship (San Francisco
Shag Thomas was an American professional wrestler during the 1950s and 1960s. He was one of the few African-American wrestlers of his day. Thomas was a World War II veteran and member of the 1950 Rose Bowl champion Ohio State Buckeye squad that entered that game at 6-1-2. In July 1950, he signed a contract with the Green Bay Packers and appeared in pre-season games that year, but was cut prior to the final exhibition game. Born in Stewartsville, Thomas began wrestling during a time when segregation in professional wrestling was still taking place in some territories and promotions throughout the United States, he gained prominence while wrestling in the NWA Pacific Northwest Territory for promoter Don Owen. Owen did not segregate his wrestlers, Thomas flourished there winning the Pacific Northwest Heavyweight Championship twice and the Tag Team Championship 16 times. Thomas retired in 1969 after defeating Roger Kirby by disqualification in his final match. After retirement he refereed wrestling matches until 1972 when he came out of retirement to battle the Royal Kangaroos.
Thomas died of a heart attack on July 25, 1982. NWA Los AngelesNWA "Beat the Champ" Television Championship Pacific Northwest WrestlingNWA Pacific Northwest Heavyweight Championship NWA Pacific Northwest Tag Team Championship - with Luther Lindsey, Pepper Martin, Tony Borne, Bearcat Wright, Billy White Wolf, Danny Hodge, Don Manoukian, Armand Hussein, Rene Goulet Stampede WrestlingNWA Canadian Tag Team Championship - with Mighty Ursus NWA International Tag Team Championship - with Mighty Ursus Black History Month: Pro Wrestling's Black Stars, Part 1 Online World of Wrestling
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his assassination in 1968. Born in Atlanta, King is best known for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience, tactics his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi helped inspire. King led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and in 1957 became the first president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. With the SCLC, he led an unsuccessful 1962 struggle against segregation in Albany and helped organize the nonviolent 1963 protests in Birmingham, Alabama, he helped organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. On October 14, 1964, King won the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance. In 1965, he helped organize the Selma to Montgomery marches; the following year, he and the SCLC took the movement north to Chicago to work on segregated housing.
In his final years, he expanded his focus to include opposition towards the Vietnam War. He alienated many of his liberal allies with a 1967 speech titled "Beyond Vietnam". J. Edgar Hoover considered him a radical and made him an object of the FBI's COINTELPRO from 1963 on. FBI agents investigated him for possible communist ties, recorded his extramarital liaisons and reported on them to government officials, on one occasion mailed King a threatening anonymous letter, which he interpreted as an attempt to make him commit suicide. In 1968, King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D. C. to be called the Poor People's Campaign, when he was assassinated on April 4 in Memphis, Tennessee. His death was followed by riots in many U. S. cities. Allegations that James Earl Ray, the man convicted of killing King, had been framed or acted in concert with government agents persisted for decades after the shooting. Sentenced to 99 years in prison for King's murder a life sentence as Ray was 41 at the time of conviction, Ray served 29 years of his sentence and died from hepatitis in 1998 while in prison.
King was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of the Congressional Gold Medal. Martin Luther King Jr. Day was established as a holiday in numerous cities and states beginning in 1971. Hundreds of streets in the U. S. have been renamed in his honor, a county in Washington State was rededicated for him. The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial on the National Mall in Washington, D. C. was dedicated in 2011. King was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia, to the Reverend Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. King's given name at birth was Michael King, his father was born Michael King, after a period of gradual transition on the elder King's part, he changed both his and his son's names in 1934; the senior King was inspired during a trip to Germany for that year's meeting of the Baptist World Alliance. While visiting sites associated with reformation leader, Martin Luther, attendees witnessed the rise of Nazism; the BWA conference issued a resolution condemning anti-Semitism, the senior King gained deepened appreciation for the power of Luther's protest.
The elder King would state that "Michael" was a mistake by the attending physician to his son's birth, the younger King's birth certificate was altered to read "Martin Luther King Jr." in 1957. King's parents were both African-American, he had Irish ancestry through his paternal great-grandfather. King was a middle child, between older sister Christine King Farris and younger brother A. D. King. King sang with his church choir at the 1939 Atlanta premiere of the movie Gone with the Wind, he enjoyed singing and music, his mother was an accomplished organist and choir leader who took him to various churches to sing, he received attention for singing "I Want to Be More and More Like Jesus". King became a member of the junior choir in his church. King said that his father whipped him until he was 15. King saw his father's proud and fearless protests against segregation, such as King Sr. refusing to listen to a traffic policeman after being referred to as "boy," or stalking out of a store with his son when being told by a shoe clerk that they would have to "move to the rear" of the store to be served.
When King was a child, he befriended a white boy whose father owned a business near his family's home. When the boys were six, they started school: King had to attend a school for African Americans, the other boy went to one for whites. King lost his friend. King suffered from depression through much of his life. In his adolescent years, he felt resentment against whites due to the "racial humiliation" that he, his family, his neighbors had to endure in the segregated South. At the age of 12, shortly after his maternal grandmother died, King blamed himself and jumped out of a second-story window, but survived. King was skeptical of many of Christianity's claims. At the age of 13, he denied the bodily resurrection of Jesus during Sunday school. From this point, he stated, "doubts began to spring forth unrelentingly." However, he concluded that the Bible has "many profound truths which one cannot escape" and decided to enter the seminary. Growing up in Atlanta, King attended Booker T. Washington High School.
He became k
Pacific Northwest Wrestling
Pacific Northwest Wrestling is the common name used to refer to several different professional wrestling companies, both past and present, based in Portland, United States. The first such company was founded by Herb Owen in 1925, it was the Northwest territory of the National Wrestling Alliance from the Alliance's inception in 1948 until 1992. The area was brought to its prime by Herb's son, Don Owen, this version of Pacific Northwest Wrestling saw many of the top names in the business come through on a regular basis; the Pacific Northwest was considered one of the main pro wrestling territories from the 1960s to the 1980s. Portland Wrestling was forced to close its doors in July 1992; the closure came as a result of a slowdown in the wrestling business during the early 1990s, a declaration of bankruptcy by Portland Wrestling's main television sponsor, negative fallout from a shift in regulatory emphasis by the Oregon Athletic Commission. The telecasts, which originated on Portland station KPTV, ended in December 1991 and were replaced on KPTV by syndicated WWF programming.
Portland Wrestling's referee Sandy Barr purchased the company from the Owen family in 1992 and continued the tradition of professional wrestling in the Pacific Northwest under the name "Championship Wrestling USA." A new wrestling promotion emerged in 2000, calling itself "Portland Wrestling" and claiming to be a restart of the original Pacific Northwest/Portland Wrestling. It stressed a title lineage to the old NWA PNW Championships. Unlike the Don Owen promotion, the new incarnation of Portland Wrestling was not an NWA member. Due to legal problems the company's owner encountered, the promotion was forced to close down in 2007 and the owner sold his ownership rights to former announcer Don Coss. Coss, in conjunction with Roddy Piper, one of Owen's biggest latter-day stars and a Portland-area resident, launched a new promotion in 2012 centered on a television program entitled Portland Wrestling Uncut; this program originated on KPTV, though it would move to another Portland television station.
Pacific Northwest Wrestling started in the early 1920s when a former world middleweight and world light-heavyweight wrestling champion by the name of Ted Thye came to Portland with plans to promote both boxing and wrestling. Thye hired Herb Owen as his assistant. While Thye was on a trip home to Australia, Owen had the ownership of the company put in his name. Due to rules in effect within the state of Oregon at that time, Owen now had sole rights to sponsor all boxing and wrestling within the state. Herb Owen started out just promoting boxing matches, but soon began promoting wrestling matches as well, focusing on lightweights. During this time, sons Don and Elton Owen began helping their father in the family business, helping set up cards and stepping into the ring on occasion to box or wrestle. During the early years, Herb brought in boxer Jack Dempsey. According to Barry Owen, Don's son, Dempsey refereed some wrestling matches for Owen. An unknown to many at the time, George Wagner, worked for Owen early in his career.
While in the PNW, Wagner developed the character for, Gorgeous George. Wagner is reported to have married his first wife in the ring before a match in Oregon. In 1942, following his death, Herb's son Don took over the company. In 1944, Don Owen promoted several cards with women wrestlers, until female wrestling was outlawed in Oregon; the National Wrestling Alliance was formed in 1948 with Don Owen as one of the founding members. This started the beginning of. On July 10, 1953, Don Owen started what was the first regular professional wrestling program on television. Pacific Northwest Wrestling aired a weekly 60 minute live program called Heidelberg Wrestling, named for its sponsor, Heidelberg Brewing Co. of Tacoma, Washington. The show was broadcast on KPTV, but moved to rival KOIN-TV in 1955. Along with the move came the show's new name, Portland Wrestling; the 1950s were good to Portland Wrestling, seeing wrestlers such as Ed Francis, Gory Guerrero and Tony Borne come to the territory. During this time, John Harrison "Harry" Elliott, a former Oregon State University wrestling champion, the school's wrestling coach, began working for Don Owen as a referee and putting on spot shows in the territory.
In 1958, Elliott obtained a contract with CBS Television to broadcast Seattle-based wrestling matches throughout all of Washington and parts of Alaska, British Columbia, Colorado, Montana and Wyoming. Elliott promoted these matches, as well as spot matches throughout Washington and northeastern Oregon, while Don Owen continued to handle bookings for these matches. After the opening of Portland Memorial Coliseum in 1961, Don Owen promoted wrestling cards at the venue, drawing good crowds. In 1966, Harry Elliott promoted, Don Owen booked, one of the biggest matches in Seattle, packing out the Seattle Center Coliseum with 15,500 fans to see Lou Thesz beat Gene Kiniski. In 1967, Portland Wrestling returned to KPTV; that year, management changed within CBS Television and PNW's regionally broadcast wrestling show was dropped which subsequently led to Harry Elliott's retirement in 1968. Frank Bonnema, an on-air personality in KPTV's sports department, took over the announcing duties at that time, serving as the voice of Portland Wrestling until shortly before his untimely death on October 5, 1982 at age 49.
Despite losing its regionally broadcast television program in 1967, Portland Wrestling was still doing well. In 1968, Owen bo
McRonald Kamaka was an American-Canadian professional wrestler known by the ring name Tor Kamata. He won several heavyweight and tag team championships, most notably the PWF World Heavyweight Championship in All Japan Pro Wrestling and the AWA World Tag Team Championship in the American Wrestling Association, he was a classic heel, reviled for dirty tricks in the ring, included rubbing salt in his opponent's eyes. After returning to Hawaii after leaving the United States Air Force, 50th State Big Time Wrestling promoter Ed Francis convinced Kamaka to try professional wrestling, he was given the name Tor Kamata in reference to Tomas De Torquemada of the Spanish Inquisition. He worked as Mr. Moto, holding the American Wrestling Association's AWA World Tag Team Championship with Mitsu Arakawa. One of his signature moves, the "judo chop" became a popular phrase for all types of martial arts strikes in the 1960s being mentioned by Snoopy in the comic strip "Peanuts". A generation the phrase was satirised in the Austin Powers films.
In the early 1970s, Kamata worked for Stampede Wrestling in Canada, where he held the Stampede North American Heavyweight Championship three times. In the promotion, he feuded with Dan Kroffat. In 1976 and 1977, Kamata wrestled in the World Wide Wrestling Federation. Managed by Freddie Blassie, he had two memorable matches with Bob Backlund when Backlund was on the brink of becoming the WWWF Champion. In the first, Kamata threw salt into Backlund's eyes, which set the stage for a televised Texas Death match, aired May 7, 1977. Again Kamata threw salt in Backlund's eyes, so Backlund used the referee's shirt to wipe it out. Backlund delivered an Atomic Knee Drop and won the match. At the time, Superstar Billy Graham had just defeated Bruno Sammartino for the championship and Backlund was being built up as the number one contender. Kamata was an amateur wrestler during high school, he was a club bouncer before becoming a professional wrestler. He trained with amateur wrestlers in Turkey. During the 1970s, he owned restaurants in Calgary and Saskatoon, where he ran a shiatsu business.
Kamata died on July 23, 2007, in Saskatoon after a decade of heart disease. 50th State Big Time Wrestling NWA Hawaii Heavyweight Championship NWA North American Heavyweight Championship NWA Pacific International Heavyweight Championship All Japan Pro Wrestling PWF World Heavyweight Championship World's Strongest Tag Determination League Outstanding Performance Award - with Abdullah the Butcher & The Sheik American Wrestling Association AWA World Tag Team Championship - with Mitsu Arakawa Central States Wrestling NWA North America Tag Team Championship - with Luke Brown Mid-Atlantic Championship Wrestling NWA Southern Tag Team Championship - with Kinji Shibuya and Duke Keomuka NWA Los Angeles NWA "Beat the Champ" Television Championship NWA New Zealand NWA Australasian Tag Team Championship - with Baron Von Krupp, Ox Baker, General Hiro NWA New Zealand British Empire Heavyweight Championship NWA Mid-America NWA Southern Tag Team Championship - with Tojo Yamamoto Stampede Wrestling NWA International Tag Team Championship - with Sugi Sito Stampede North American Heavyweight Championship Stampede Wrestling Hall of Fame Western States Alliance WSA Western States Tag Team Championship - with Woody Farmer and Kalalua World Wrestling Association WWA World Tag Team Championship - Mitsu Arakawa Worldwide Wrestling Associates / NWA Hollywood Wrestling NWA World Tag Team Championship - with Kamalamala WWA Americas Tag Team Championship - with Freddie Blassie NWA International Television Tag Team Championship - with Hans Hermann, Freddie Blassie, Bearcat Wright and Kintaro Ohki World Wrestling Council WWC Puerto Rico Heavyweight Championship Article acknowledging Tor's death Titans Bio #1: Tor Kamata on YouTube
Édouard Ignacz Weiczorkiewicz was a Canadian professional wrestler better known by his ring name Édouard Carpentier. In a career that spanned from the 1950s into the 1970s, he garnered several world championships. Weiczorkiewicz was born in 1926 in Roanne, France to a Russian father and a Polish mother, he joined the French resistance during World War II under the German occupation and was awarded the Croix de Guerre and the Croix du combattant medals by the French government at the close of the war. He became a Canadian citizen, he became an all around athlete with gymnastic skills. Carpentier was a crowd favourite, one of the first wrestlers to delight fans with acrobatic leaps from the turnbuckles and a variety of other aerial manoeuvres such as the rope-aided twisting headscissors, he was always a fan favourite in his bouts and was matched against numerous villains the most well known of whom was the legendary Killer Kowalski. The highpoint of his career was his NWA World Heavyweight Championship reign from 1956 to 1957.
He won the title in a disputed contest against Lou Thesz on 14 June 1957. Some NWA territories and officials recognized the disputed win as a legitimate title change, while others did not; this led to the split of the NWA and led to the creation of the American Wrestling Association and other organizations, all with their own world titles. He was recognized as the first holder of the AWA's Omaha version of the World Heavyweight Championship, he dropped the belt to Verne Gagne. Carpentier headlined Madison Square Garden three times in 1962 with tag team partner Bobo Brazil, they had two main events against Buddy Handsome Johnny Barend. He teamed numerous times with Antonino Rocca, as well as with Vittorio Apollo. In solo matches at the Garden, he defeated Giant Baba, Skull Murphy, Magnificent Maurice, Hans Mortier. After his retirement, Carpentier operated a school for teaching professional wrestling skills, he operated in the early 1980s as a babyface colour commentator, alongside heel play-by-play host Guy Hauray, for the Montreal-based Grand Prix Wrestling, together for the World Wrestling Federation, when the WWF bought the Montreal territory in 1985.
They hosted the French edition of the WWF television show Superstars, sold to French-speaking countries. He was replaced by former Québécois wrestler Raymond Rougeau in 1992. On 30 October 2010, Carpentier died of a heart attack at his home in Montreal, aged 84, he had suffered a heart attack in 2000. Carpentier had been in poor health for many years, battered from his high-flying style. Atlantic Athletic Commission Atlantic Athletic Commission World Heavyweight Championship American Wrestling Association World Heavyweight Championship International Wrestling Alliance IWA World Heavyweight Championship Lutte Internationale Canadian International Heavyweight Championship Canadian International Tag Team Championship - with Mad Dog Vachon Montreal Athletic Commission / International Wrestling Alliance International Heavyweight Championship National Wrestling Alliance NWA World Heavyweight Championship 1 North American Wrestling Alliance/Worldwide Wrestling Associates/NWA Hollywood Wrestling NWA Americas Heavyweight Championship WWA World Heavyweight Championship WWA World Tag Team Championship - with Ernie Ladd and Bob Ellis WWA International Television Tag Team Championship - with Sandor Szabo, Nick Bockwinkel and Ernie Ladd Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum Stampede Wrestling Stampede Wrestling Hall of Fame Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame 1Carpentier was awarded the title by disqualification when Thesz could not continue the match due to a back injury.
For 71 days, the NWA recognized the title as being in dispute between Thesz. Carpentier at the SLAM! Wrestling Canadian Hall of Fame
Face (professional wrestling)
In professional wrestling, a face is a heroic or a "good guy" wrestler, booked by the promotion with the aim of being cheered by fans. Traditionally, they wrestle within the rules and avoid cheating while behaving positively towards the referee and the audience; such characters are referred to as "blue-eyes" in British wrestling and técnicos in lucha libre. The face character is portrayed as a hero relative to the heel wrestlers, who are analogous to villains. Not everything a face wrestler does must be heroic: faces need only to be cheered by the audience to be effective characters; the vast majority of wrestling storylines involving faces place a face against a heel, although more elaborate set-ups happen as well. In the world of lucha libre wrestling, they are known for using moves requiring technical skill aerial maneuvers and wearing outfits using bright colors with positive associations; this is contrasted with the villainous rudos that are known for being brawlers, using physical moves that emphasize brute strength or size while having outfits akin to demons or other nasty characters.
Traditional faces are classic "good guy" characters who break the rules, follow instructions of those in authority such as the referee, are polite and well-mannered towards the fans and overcome the rule-breaking actions of their heel opponents to cleanly win matches. While many modern faces still fit this model, other versions of the face character are now common. A good example would be Stone Cold Steve Austin, who despite playing a heel early on in his career would start to be seen more of an antihero because of his popularity with the fans. While not championing rule following, nor submission to authority, Austin was still regarded as the face in many of his duels such as his rivalry with World Wrestling Federation owner Mr. McMahon; the portrayal of face wrestlers changed in the 1990s with the birth of Extreme Championship Wrestling, the start of World Championship Wrestling's New World Order storyline, the Attitude Era of the WWF. During this time, wrestlers like Stone Cold Steve Austin and Sting used tactics traditionally associated with heels, but remained popular with the fans.
Conversely, Kurt Angle was introduced to the then-WWF with an American hero gimmick based on his gold medal win at the 1996 Summer Olympics. Angle stressed the need to work hard to realize one's dreams. Although such a personality appears appropriate for a face wrestler, Angle's character was arrogant and reminded people of his Olympic glory, behaving as if he thought he was better than the fans. Angle's character served as a meta-reference to. Although his character was intended to be a heel and behaved accordingly, some commentators speculated that if Angle attempted to get over as a face using a more heroic version of the same character, he would have failed. Unusually, Angle did not use any of these heroic mannerisms when playing a face character, instead acting as somewhat of an antihero with a few elements of the "lovable loser" character archetype. Fans sometimes dislike face wrestlers despite the way; some reasons for this include repetitive in-ring antics, a limited moveset, a lengthy title reign, lack of selling their opponents' moves, or an uninteresting character.
This results in wrestlers who are supposed to be cheered receiving a negative or no reaction from the fans. The majority of the time, faces who are low-carders, or lesser known, are used as jobbers; these wrestlers lose matches against established wrestlers heels that would lose to the top faces. Some face wrestlers would give high fives or give out merchandise to fans while entering the ring before their match, such as T-shirts, sunglasses and masks. Bret Hart was one of the first superstars to make this popular, as he would drape his signature sunglasses on a child in the audience. Rey Mysterio, a face in WWE since his debut, would go to any fan wearing a replica of his mask and touch their head with his head for good luck before wrestling. Other examples include John Cena throwing his shirts and caps in the crowd before entering a match and Big Show giving his hat to a fan when he was a face; some faces, such as Bret Hart and Ricky Steamboat, promoted an image as a "family man" and supported their persona by appearing with their family members before and after matches.
Steamboat famously carried his 8 month old son Richard Jr. into the ring with him at WrestleMania IV before his match with Greg "The Hammer" Valentine handing him to his wife Bonnie before the match started. These actions relate to wrestlers promoting charity work or other actions outside the ring, blurring the lines between scripted wrestling and their personal lives. Glossary of professional wrestling terms Foley, Mick. Have A Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks. HarperCollins. P. 511. ISBN 0-06-103101-1