Drummond Street, Montreal
Drummond Street is a north-south street located in downtown Montreal, Canada. Spanning a total of 1.2 kilometres, it links Doctor Penfield Avenue in the north and De la Gauchetière Street in the south. A mix of businesses are located on this street such as bookstores and restaurants. A branch of the YMCA and the Mount Stephen Club are located on this street. Scots-Quebecer businessman John Redpath, was a member of Montreal City Council from 1840 until 1843, he ceded the land which became Drummond Street on May 13, 1842 and named the street for his second wife, Jane Drummond. The street was not named for General Sir Gordon Drummond. Upper Drummond Street was one of the principal streets of the Golden Square Mile. Circa 1925, it was a quiet tree-lined avenue of mansions belonging to the Drummond, Molson, MacIntyre, Wallis, Reid, Brainard and Hosmer families. Following a demolition spree that culminated in 1975, Drummond Street had become another typical modern Montreal street, seen as it today; the Mount Stephen Club, former home of George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen remains, as does the home of Charles Hosmer, but the others have long since disappeared.
In 1862, the Victoria Skating Rink opened its doors on Drummond Street. This rink is best known for being the site of the first recorded organized indoor ice hockey game on March 3, 1875, it was home to the first Stanley Cup playoff game. It was the venue for numerous other activities such as the Montreal Winter Carnaval, fancy balls and concerts. Today, one block south, at the corner of Drummond and De la Gauchetière Street, is the Bell Centre, home of the National Hockey League's Montreal Canadiens
Guy Street is a north-south street located in downtown Montreal, Canada. Concordia University's Integrated Engineering, Computer Science and Visual Arts Complex is located on this street, as is the John Molson School of Business building; the street is home to the Guy-Concordia Metro station. Guy Street runs through the Little Burgundy and Shaughnessy Village neighbourhoods, the named Quartier Concordia district, before changing to Côte-des-Neiges Road, above Sherbrooke Street; the street was named on August 30, 1817 for Étienne Guy, a notary and member for the riding of Montreal in the Lower Canada Assembly. He gave the city the land for the street. Guy Street constituted the link between Saint-Antoine. Since 1869, the Grey Nuns have had a convent at the corner of Dorchester; the Grey Nuns' Motherhouse was purchased by Concordia University in 2004. From 1898 to 1963, the street was a key performing arts venue. 165 Côte-des-Neiges 166 Queen Mary 435 Reserved Lane Parc/Côte-des-Neiges
Saint Laurent Boulevard
Saint Laurent Boulevard known as Saint Lawrence Boulevard is a major street in Montreal, Canada. A commercial artery and cultural heritage site, the street runs north-south through the near-centre of city and is nicknamed The Main, the abbreviation for "Main Street". Beginning at De la Commune Street at the edge of the Saint Lawrence River, it transects the Island of Montreal, passing through the boroughs of Ville-Marie, Le Plateau-Mont-Royal, Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie, Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension, Ahuntsic-Cartierville to Rue Somerville at the edge of the Rivière des Prairies – a total length of about 11.25 km. Saint Laurent Boulevard's cardinal direction, on a pseudo north-south axis deported to the west, aligned with the summer solstice's setting sun, was outlined by the Sulpicians towards the end of the XVII century; the first post-colonial landowners of the island preoccupied to develop a genuine urban cadastre on the Coteau Saint-Louis, built a small street, which they named Saint-Lambert, perpendicularly to Notre-Dame Street.
Saint-Lambert Street is identified on a plan drawn by François Dollier de Casson in 1672. In the early XVIII century, when the lords of Montreal decided to develop agricultural land further north on the island, they prolonged this little street to build a King's Way along the same axis and named it Chemin Saint-Laurent. Chemin Saint-Laurent became a boulevard in 1905 and is referred to as The Main, it serves as the city's physical division of west. Street numbers begin at Saint Lawrence and continue outward, with street names being suffixed by Ouest or Est, depending on their orientation; the boulevard traditionally divides Montreal by language and class. Saint Laurent Boulevard was for generations the symbolic dividing line for the city, with the predominantly English-speaking population to the west, French-speaking population to the east, immigrant communities in between along the Main and Park Avenue; the Main runs through many of Montreal's ethnic communities, a first stop for immigrant communities for over 100 years — Jewish and Italian, Portuguese, Arab and others.
In 2002 the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada named Saint Lawrence Boulevard as The Main National Historic Site of Canada. Minister of Heritage, Sheila Copps, speaking at the ceremony, said: "our country does not belong to just two founding peoples, it belongs to all Canadians. A first step toward a new story of Canada that includes all of our partners as equals." The Jewish community on the Main sprang up after the heavy immigration of the early to mid-1900s. Jewish settlement occurred first on the lower Main, in a section that now is part of Montreal's Chinatown. By 1871 a Jewish enclave numbering just over 400 people had formed by the corner of St. Lawrence and Dorchester Street, with the first Jewish educational institution, the Talmud Torah, located at the corner of Saint Urbain Street and De la Gauchetière Street. Middle-class members of the community were beginning to move up the Main towards Sherbrooke and Prince Arthur Streets, while further west, a small number of well-off Jews lived near McGill University.
The main axes of the Jewish quarter were Saint Laurent Boulevard, Clark Street, Saint Urbain Street, Esplanade Street and Park Avenue, Montreal. By the 1930s dozens of synagogues were in the area. Culinary landmarks on Saint Laurent that bear witness to this historic community include Schwartz's and Moishes Steakhouse. Yiddish was the common language in the Jewish district on Saint Laurent Boulevard, with many Jewish immigrants working in clothing factories, once the street's main industry. Overall, Montreal was the main destination for the 125,000 Jews who settled in Canada between 1905 and 1920, making the area a centre of Yiddish language and culture. Despite Canada's poor record of Jewish immigration between 1933 and 1948, Montreal became home to the world’s third-largest concentration of Holocaust survivors, most of them Yiddish speakers. Other cultural institutions such as the Jewish Public Library operated in more than one language. Montreal featured the fifth-largest population of Yiddish speakers in the Americas, after New York City, Philadelphia and Buenos Aires.
The district was home to the second-largest Yiddish theatre in North America from 1896 to the 1940s, with shows at vaudeville houses along the Main as well as the Monument-National, now a National Historic Site and part of the National Theatre School of Canada. The Main was a centre of Jewish publishing. In 1907 a young Polish Jewish immigrant, Hirsch Wolofsky, started the Yiddish-language daily newspaper Keneder Adler; the paper was published from an office on St. Lawrence near Ontario Street. However, when the Adler became successful, Wolofsky moved the paper to its own building at 4075 St. Lawrence, near Duluth Street; the paper would publish for more than 80 years. Today Wolofsky is remembered with a small park in his honour on Rue Coloniale, between Prince-Arthur and Sherbrooke; the poor Jewish quarter had a distinctly left-wing slant. Fred Rose represented the Main’s Cartier riding until 1947, when he was expelled from the House of Commons after a controversial conviction on charges of spying for the Soviet Union.
To this day the Main remains the only part of Canada represented in Parliament by an Communist MP. Area city councillor Joseph Schubert, a Romanian Jew, was a socialist and admirer of Karl Marx
Quebec Route 117
Route 117 is a provincial highway within the Canadian province of Quebec, running between Montreal and the Quebec/Ontario border where it continues as Highway 66 east of Kearns, Ontario. It is an important road as it is the only direct route between southern Quebec and the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region. Route 117 was Route 11 and ran from Montreal north towards Mont-Laurier followed the Gatineau River south towards Gatineau; this routing is joined with Autoroute 15 from Montreal northwards Mont Tremblant. Route 117 takes in the former Quebec Routes 58 and 59. Along with Autoroute 15 to Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, it is listed as a branch of the Trans-Canada Highway. Ontario Highway 17 is a branch of the Trans-Canada Highway though it is an unrelated route that parallels it by approx. 200 km. This description of Route 117 follows it from the south-east to north-west direction. Route 117 starts in Montreal at the Decarie Interchange where Autoroute 15 meet. Montrealers sometimes unofficially extend Route 117 south along the portion of Decarie Boulevard that runs parallel to the Decarie Expressway.
From the Decarie Interchange Route 117 goes north on Boulevard Marcel-Laurin, Laurentian Boulevard in Cartierville, crossing the Rivière des Prairies over the Lachapelle Bridge to Île Jésus, continuing through the Laval communities of Chomedey and Sainte-Rose, north bound as Boulevard Curé-Labelle, Boulevard Chomedey at the former Chenoy's deli, left turn at Boulevard Cartier and back into Boulevard Curé-Labelle, south bound as Boulevard Curé-Labelle. At the Rivière des Mille Îles, it crosses over the Marius Dufresne Bridge to the "North Shore". From here Route 117 runs parallel to Autoroute 15 until Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, going through the Laurentian mountains. Towns along the route in this section include: Rosemère Sainte-Thérèse Blainville Mirabel Saint-Jérôme Saint-Jérôme Saint-Jérôme Prévost Piedmont Sainte-Adèle Val-David Sainte-Agathe-des-MontsAfter Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Route 117 continues as a four-lane divided highway winding its way through Laurentides Regional County Municipality until it reaches the town of Labelle.
From this point on to the Ontario border, Route 117 is a standard 2-lane highway. In Grand-Remous, Route 117 crosses the Gatineau River and intersects with Route 105 which goes south-west to Maniwaki and Gatineau. Towns along the route in this section include: Saint-Faustin-Lac-Carré Mont-Tremblant. La Conception Labelle Rivière-Rouge Lac-Saguay Lac-des-Écorces Mont-Laurier Mont-Laurier Mont-Laurier Grand-Remous From Grand-Remous, the route heads north, travelling some 220 km through undeveloped wilderness, most of it part of La Vérendrye Wildlife Reserve. While the reserve is popular for a variety of outdoor activities, services along the road are sparse; this section is considered as one of the most dangerous routes in the province due to numerous fatal accidents, some involving tractor-trailers. During the winter, the route is extremely slippery during dry and clear days; the few communities along this section are: Le Domaine Dorval-Lodge Val-d'Or After the intersection with Route 113, Route 117 heads west to Ontario where it becomes Highway 66.
The section between Rouyn-Noranda and Arntfield runs concurrent with Route 101. Towns along the route in this section include: Val-d'Or Val-d'Or Malartic Rivière-Héva Rouyn-Noranda Rouyn-Noranda Rouyn-Noranda Rouyn-Noranda Rouyn-Noranda List of Quebec provincial highways Golden Highway Interactive Provincial Route Map
Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay. S. states of Maine, New Hampshire and New York. It shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by its second-largest administrative division, it is and politically considered to be part of Central Canada. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario, it is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, Gaspé regions.
The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited by Aboriginal peoples. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. In central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace and communication technologies and the pharmaceutical industry play leading roles.
These many industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become an economically influential province within Canada, second only to Ontario in economic output. The name "Québec", which comes from the Algonquin word kébec meaning "where the river narrows" referred to the area around Quebec City where the Saint Lawrence River narrows to a cliff-lined gap. Early variations in the spelling of the name included Kébec. French explorer Samuel de Champlain chose the name Québec in 1608 for the colonial outpost he would use as the administrative seat for the French colony of New France; the province is sometimes referred to as "La belle province". The Province of Quebec was founded in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 after the Treaty of Paris formally transferred the French colony of Canada to Britain after the Seven Years' War; the proclamation restricted the province to an area along the banks of the Saint Lawrence River. The Quebec Act of 1774 expanded the territory of the province to include the Great Lakes and the Ohio River Valley and south of Rupert's Land, more or less restoring the borders existing under French rule before the Conquest of 1760.
The Treaty of Paris ceded territories south of the Great Lakes to the United States. After the Constitutional Act of 1791, the territory was divided between Lower Canada and Upper Canada, with each being granted an elected legislative assembly. In 1840, these become Canada East and Canada West after the British Parliament unified Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada; this territory was redivided into the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario at Confederation in 1867. Each became one of the first four provinces. In 1870, Canada purchased Rupert's Land from the Hudson's Bay Company and over the next few decades the Parliament of Canada transferred to Quebec portions of this territory that would more than triple the size of the province. In 1898, the Canadian Parliament passed the first Quebec Boundary Extension Act that expanded the provincial boundaries northward to include the lands of the local aboriginal peoples; this was followed by the addition of the District of Ungava through the Quebec Boundaries Extension Act of 1912 that added the northernmost lands of the Inuit to create the modern Province of Quebec.
In 1927, the border between Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador was established by the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Quebec disputes this boundary. Located in the eastern part of Canada, part of Central Canada, Quebec occupies a territory nearly three times the size of France or Texas, most of, sparsely populated, its topography is different from one region to another due to the varying composition of the ground, the climate, the proximity to water. The Saint Lawrence Lowland and the Appalachians are the two main topographic regions in southern Quebec, while the Canadian Shield occupies most of central and northern Quebec. Quebec has one of the world's largest reserves of fresh water, occupying 12% of its surface, it has 3 % of the world's renewable fresh water. Mor
Laurier Avenue (Montreal)
Laurier Avenue is a commercial and residential street in Montreal, Canada. It crosses the boroughs of Le Plateau-Mont-Royal and Rosemont -- La Petite-Patrie, it is known for its cafés, restaurants and specialty stores near Park Avenue and east of Sir Wilfrid Laurier Park. The largest concentration of shops on Laurier Avenue are located between Clark Street and Querbes Avenue; these are upscale decorating and children's clothing stores, as well as restaurants and cafes. Laurier Station, on the Montreal Metro's Orange Line, is located at the intersection of Laurier Avenue and Berri Street. Laurier Avenue was known as St. Louis Street, in the old village of Mile End. After the annexation of that village to the City of Montreal in 1899, it was decided that the street name should be changed to Laurier Avenue in honour of the former Prime Minister of Canada, Sir Wilfrid Laurier. Ville de Montréal. Les rues de Montréal. Répertoire historique. Montréal. Méridien, 1995. Articles on Laurier Avenue - City of Montreal website