Guys and Dolls
Guys and Dolls is a musical with music and lyrics by Frank Loesser and book by Jo Swerling and Abe Burrows. It is based on "The Idyll of Miss Sarah Brown" and "Blood Pressure", which are two short stories by Damon Runyon, borrows characters and plot elements from other Runyon stories – most notably "Pick the Winner"; the premiere on Broadway was in 1950. It won the Tony Award for Best Musical; the musical has had several Broadway and London revivals, as well as a 1955 film adaptation starring Marlon Brando, Jean Simmons, Frank Sinatra and Vivian Blaine. Guys and Dolls was selected as the winner of the 1951 Pulitzer Prize for Drama. However, because of writer Abe Burrows' troubles with the House Un-American Activities Committee, the Trustees of Columbia University vetoed the selection, no Pulitzer for Drama was awarded that year. Guys and Dolls was conceived by producers Cy Feuer and Ernest Martin as an adaptation of Damon Runyon's short stories; these stories, written in the 1920s and 1930s, concerned gangsters and other characters of the New York underworld.
Runyon was known for the unique dialect he employed in his stories, mixing formal language and slang. Frank Loesser, who had spent most of his career as a lyricist for movie musicals, was hired as composer and lyricist. George S. Kaufman was hired as director; when the first version of the show's book, or dialogue, written by Jo Swerling was deemed unusable and Martin asked radio comedy writer Abe Burrows to rewrite it. Loesser had written much of the score to correspond with the first version of the book. Burrows recalled: Frank Loesser's fourteen songs were all great, the had to be written so that the story would lead into each of them. On, the critics spoke of the show as'integrated'; the word integration means that the composer has written songs that follow the story line gracefully. Well, we accomplished; the character of Miss Adelaide was created to fit Vivian Blaine into the musical, after Loesser decided she was ill-suited to play the conservative Sarah. When Loesser suggested reprising some songs in the second act, Kaufman warned: "If you reprise the songs, we'll reprise the jokes."
A pantomime of never-ceasing activities depicts the bustle of New York City. Three small-time gamblers, Nicely-Nicely Johnson, Benny Southstreet, Rusty Charlie, argue over which horse will win a big race; the band members of the Save-a-Soul Mission, led by the pious and beautiful Sergeant Sarah Brown, call for sinners to "Follow the Fold" and repent. Nicely and Benny's employer, Nathan Detroit, runs an illegal floating crap game. Due to local policeman Lt. Brannigan's strong-armed presence, he has found only one spot to hold the game: the "Biltmore garage." Its owner, Joey Biltmore, requires a $1,000 security deposit, Nathan is broke. Nathan hopes to win a $1,000 bet against Sky Masterson, a gambler willing to bet on anything. Nathan proposes a bet he believes he cannot lose: Sky must take a woman of Nathan's choice to dinner in Havana, Cuba. Sky agrees, Nathan chooses Sarah Brown. At the mission, Sky claims he wants impressing Sarah with his knowledge of the Bible, he offers Sarah a deal: He will bring the mission "one dozen genuine sinners" if she will accompany him to Havana the next night.
Sarah rebuffs him, telling him that she plans to fall in love with an moral man. Sky replies. Sky kisses Sarah, she slaps him. Nathan goes to watch his fiancée of 14 years, perform her nightclub act. After her show, she asks him, as she has many times before, to go down to city hall and get a marriage license, she tells Nathan that she has been sending her mother letters for twelve years claiming that they have been married with six kids. She is distraught to find out, she consults a medical book, which tells her that her chronic cold is a psychosomatic reaction to her frustration with Nathan's failure to marry her. The next day and Benny watch as Sky pursues Sarah, Nathan tries to win back Adelaide's favor, they declare. General Cartwright, the leader of Save-a-Soul, visits the mission and explains that she will be forced to close the branch unless they succeed in bringing some sinners to the upcoming revival meeting. Sarah, desperate to save the mission, promises the General "one dozen genuine sinners", implicitly accepting Sky's deal.
The gamblers, including a notorious gangster from Chicago named Big Jule, are waiting for Nathan to secure the spot for the game, Lt. Brannigan becomes suspicious. To convince him of their innocence, they tell Brannigan their gathering is Nathan's "surprise bachelor party"; this satisfies Brannigan, Nathan resigns himself to eloping with Adelaide. Adelaide goes home to pack; the Save-A-Soul Mission band passes by, Nathan sees that Sarah is not in it. In a Havana nightclub, Sky buys a "Cuban milkshake" for Sarah, she doesn't realize that the drink contains Bacardi rum, innocently drinks multiple glasses, becoming progressively tipsier. Outside the club, Sarah kisses Sky and proclaims that she is enjoying herself for the first time in her life, she wants to stay in Havana with Sky. Sky is surprised to find, that he cares about Sarah's welfare, he insists that they go back to the airport and return to New
The Music Man
The Music Man is a musical with book and lyrics by Meredith Willson, based on a story by Willson and Franklin Lacey. The plot concerns con man Harold Hill, who poses as a boys' band organizer and leader and sells band instruments and uniforms to naive Midwestern townsfolk, promising to train the members of the new band. Harold is no musician and plans to skip town without giving any music lessons. Prim librarian and piano teacher Marian sees through him, but when Harold helps her younger brother overcome his lisp and social awkwardness, Marian begins to fall in love. Harold risks being caught to win her. In 1957, the show became a hit on Broadway, winning five Tony Awards, including Best Musical, running for 1,375 performances; the cast album won the first Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album and spent 245 weeks on the Billboard charts. The show's success led to revivals, including a long-running 2000 Broadway revival, a popular 1962 film adaptation and a 2003 television adaptation, it is produced by both professional and amateur theater companies.
Meredith Willson was inspired by his boyhood in Mason City, Iowa, to write and compose his first musical, The Music Man. Willson began developing this theme in his 1948 memoir, he first approached producers Cy Feuer and Ernest Martin for a television special, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer producer Jesse L. Lasky. After these and other unsuccessful attempts, Willson invited Franklin Lacey to help him edit and simplify the libretto. At this time, Willson considered eliminating a long piece of dialogue about the serious trouble facing River City parents. Willson realized it sounded like a lyric, transformed it into the patter song "Ya Got Trouble". Willson wrote about his trials and tribulations in getting the show to Broadway in his book But He Doesn't Know the Territory; the character Marian Paroo was inspired by Marian Seeley of Provo, who met Willson during World War II, when Seeley was a medical records librarian. In the original production, the School Board was played by the 1950 International Quartet Champions of the Society for the Preservation and Encouragement of Barber Shop Quartet Singing in America, the Buffalo Bills.
Robert Preston claimed that he got the role of Harold Hill despite his limited singing range because, when he went to audition, they were having the men sing "Trouble". The producers felt it would be the most difficult song to sing, but with his acting background, it was the easiest for Preston. After years of development, a change of producers forty songs, more than forty drafts, the original Broadway production was produced by Kermit Bloomgarden, directed by Morton DaCosta and choreographed by Onna White, it opened on December 1957 at the Majestic Theatre. It remained at the Majestic for nearly three years before transferring to The Broadway Theatre to complete its 1,375-performance run on April 15, 1961; the original cast included Robert Preston as Harold Hill, Barbara Cook as Marian, Eddie Hodges as Winthrop, Pert Kelton as Mrs. Paroo, Iggie Wolfington as Marcellus Washburn and David Burns as Mayor Shinn. Eddie Albert and Bert Parks each replaced Preston as Hill in the run, Paul Ford was a replacement for Mayor Shinn reprising the role in the film version.
Howard Bay designed the sets. The musical won five Tony Awards, including Best Musical, winning in the same year that West Side Story was nominated for the award. Preston and Burns won. Liza Redfield became the first woman to be the full-time conductor of a Broadway pit orchestra when she assumed the role of music director for the original production's final year of performances beginning in May 1960; the long-running US national tour opened in 1958, starring Forrest Tucker as Hill and Joan Weldon as Marian. The original Australian production ran from March 5, 1960 to July 30, 1960 at the Princess Theatre in Melbourne, at the Tivoli Theatre in Sydney from December 13, 1960 to February 4, 1961; the first UK production opened at Bristol Hippodrome, transferring to London's West End at the Adelphi Theatre on March 16, 1961, starring Van Johnson, Patricia Lambert, C. Denier Warren, Ruth Kettlewell and Dennis Waterman, it ran for 395 performances at the Adelphi. A two-week revival at New York City Center ran in June 1965, directed by Gus Schirmer, Jr. and starring Bert Parks as Harold Hill.
Doro Merande and Sandy Duncan played Eulalie and Zaneeta Shinn. A three-week revival and choreographed by Michael Kidd, ran in June 1980 at the New York City Center; the cast included Dick Van Dyke as Hill, Meg Bussert as Marian, Christian Slater as Winthrop, Carol Arthur as Mrs. Paroo, Iggie Wolfington as Mayor Shinn. In 1987, a Chinese translation of the musical was staged at Beijing's Central Opera Theater. New York City Opera staged a revival from February to April 1988, directed by Arthur Masella and choreographed by Marcia Milgrom Dodge, starring Bob Gunton as Hill, with Muriel Costa-Greenspon as Eulalie and James Billings as Marcellus. Another Broadway revival and choreographed by Susan Stroman, opened on April 27, 2000 at the Neil Simon Theatre, where it ran for 699 performances and 22 previews; the cast included Craig Bierko as Rebecca Luker as Marian. Robert Sean Leonard and Eric McCormack portrayed Hill in the run. In 2008, there was a revival at the Chichester Festival Theatre, starring Brian Conley as Hill and Scarlett Strallen as Marian.
A Broadway revival is planned to begin previews on September 9, 2020, open on October 22, starring Hugh Jackman as Hill and Sutton Foster as Marian, pro
Li'l Abner (musical)
Li'l Abner is a musical with a book by Norman Panama and Melvin Frank, music by Gene De Paul, lyrics by Johnny Mercer. Based on the comic strip Li'l Abner by Al Capp, the show is, on the surface, a broad spoof of hillbillies, but it is a pointed satire on other topics, ranging from American politics and incompetence in the United States federal government to propriety and gender roles. After several other writers and composers considered musicalizing the comic strip, Al Capp made a deal in 1955 with the eventual creators for a musical to be financed by Paramount Pictures, which wanted to follow the stage version with a film musical; the Broadway production opened on November 15, 1956 and ran for a moderately successful 693 performances. The score and Michael Kidd's choreography received critical praise, but some critics felt that the book's adaptation lost the spirit of the comic strip. Kidd and Edie Adams, as Daisy Mae, won Tony Awards, while newcomer Peter Palmer, in the title role, won a Theatre World Award.
Paramount released a film version with the same title in 1959, with most of the Broadway cast reprising their roles. A musical version of the popular comic strip Li'l Abner was first planned in 1946, with the book to be written by the comic strip's author, Al Capp. Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II were named as potential producers, though reports did not state whether they intended to write the score. However, this version never materialized, over the next several years, various authors and composers sought to musicalize Li'l Abner, including writers Arnold Horwitt and Josh Logan. In 1953, Arthur Schwartz and Alan Jay Lerner obtained the rights to the show from Al Capp; the familiar comic strip characters were to be retained but Li'l Abner and his longtime sweetheart Daisy Mae would not yet be married in the musical. Hollywood star Van Johnson expressed interest in the title role, saying he would dye his hair black to match the comic strip character; the Schwartz–Lerner version fell through, but by the next year Lerner and composer Burton Lane planned to write the musical.
Herman Levin would serve as producer, rehearsals were scheduled to begin in November 1954. However that year, Levin announced a musical version of George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, by Lerner and Loewe. Although work was supposed to continue on the Lane–Lerner Li'l Abner, this version never appeared, My Fair Lady and Loewe's adaptation of Pygmalion, opened in 1956, becoming the hit musical of the decade. In 1955, Norman Panama and Melvin Frank announced a Li'l Abner musical to open on Broadway in 1956, followed by a film of the musical; the music was to be written by Gene de Paul with lyrics by Johnny Mercer. De Paul and Mercer had written the score for the popular movie musical, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers. Michael Kidd, who had choreographed Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, was to direct and choreograph Li'l Abner. Al Capp was to receive a share of any profits. Paramount Pictures was the sole backer of the musical and paid $300,000 for its film rights, with Panama and Frank slated to adapt and produce the film version.
The producers conducted a long search for the actor to play the title role: over 400 actors auditioned for the part, at one time, Dick Shawn was reported to be their preferred choice. However, the producers chose unknown singer Peter Palmer, serving in an army entertainment unit. Palmer was a trained singer with a music degree from the University of Illinois, where he had played football; the leading female role, Daisy Mae, was easier to cast. The producers knew that they wanted soprano Edie Adams, who had given a star-making performance as Eileen in the 1953 musical Wonderful Town. Adams, had been offered the lead role in the original production of Candide. Adams asked director George Abbott, who had directed her in Wonderful Town, which show she should choose, he advised her to take Daisy Mae, which she subsequently did. Coincidentally, Al Capp had been one of the three judges for the "Miss U. S. Television" contest broadcast on the DuMont Television Network in 1950 that first brought Adams national attention.
"It's a Typical Day" as the citizens of Dogpatch, U. S. A. go about their daily activities. As usual, curvaceous Daisy Mae Scragg is pursuing Li'l Abner Yokum who, despite being a strapping, handsome young man, isn't interested in girls or employment. Abner's domineering, diminutive Mammy sends Daisy Mae to tell Abner to come to the Cornpone Meetin' in the town square. At the fishing hole with his friends, Abner lazily reflects that if he could be anyone in the world, he'd rather be himself. Daisy Mae tells the young men about the meeting, they rush into town. Daisy is frustrated; the townspeople assemble for the Cornpone Meetin', where parson Marryin' Sam leads a celebration of Dogpatch's founder, "Jubilation T. Cornpone", a bumbling Confederate general whose leadership was more beneficial to the North than to the South. Senator Fogbound, Dogpatch's U. S. congressman, tells the citizens that Congress has declared Dogpatch the most unnecessary town in the U. S. and so it must be evacuated to be used as a nuclear bomb test site.
Everyone is thrilled that Dogpatch has been picked out of the entire U
Annie is a Broadway musical based upon the popular Harold Gray comic strip Little Orphan Annie, with music by Charles Strouse, lyrics by Martin Charnin, book by Thomas Meehan. The original Broadway production opened in 1977 and ran for nearly six years, setting a record for the Alvin Theatre, it spawned numerous productions in many countries, as well as national tours, won the Tony Award for Best Musical. The musical's songs "Tomorrow" and "It's the Hard Knock Life" are among its most popular musical numbers. In 1933, eleven-year-old Annie is in the Municipal Girls Orphanage, along with Molly, Tessie, Pepper and Duffy; when Molly awakes from a bad dream, angering Pepper and Duffy, July tells them to hush up and gets into a fight with Pepper. Annie tells everyone to go back to sleep. Molly asks if Annie could read her note from when her parents left her at the orphanage. Duffy and Pepper are yet again annoyed. Along with Kate and Duffy imitate Annie's acting as if they were her parents. Annie decides to escape to find her parents, but is caught by Miss Hannigan, suffering from a hangover.
She is angered by this and forces all the girls to vigorously clean the orphanage before their day of sweatshop labour sewing for a dress manufacturing company. Shortly after, Mr. Bundles, the laundry man, comes in to pick up the blankets. While Miss Hannigan is flirting with him, Annie climbs into the laundry basket and the orphans cover her up with the blankets. Once Miss Hannigan realizes she is gone, the other orphans express their frustration. Annie escapes, running into a friendly stray dog; as she comforts him, she tells him of better days yet to come. The dog catcher is after him, so she pretends the dog is hers by calling him Sandy. Though at first unsuccessful, she convinces the dog catcher, she continues on, she finds a Hooverville, where people made homeless by the Great Depression have come together as a community. However, a policeman named Lt. Ward, sent by Miss Hannigan, catches Annie and brings her back. Grace Farrell, assistant to the billionaire Oliver Warbucks, comes to the orphanage asking for an orphan to come to his mansion for the Christmas holiday.
Because Annie was in Miss Hannigan's office, Grace asks to take her, Miss Hannigan reluctantly agrees. Once she has left, Miss Hannigan explodes with her hatred for all the girls in the orphanage. Meanwhile, at the Warbucks Mansion, the staff welcomes Annie with open arms; when Oliver Warbucks comes back, though, he is not happy to have an orphan in his mansion. He asks Grace to take Annie to a movie; as he and Annie begin to like each other, they enjoy a fabulous night in New York City. Back at the orphanage, Miss Hannigan's brother and his girlfriend, pay a visit. Miss Hannigan mentions that Annie is staying at a billionaire's house, they think they could use this situation to their advantage, though they do not yet know how. Warbucks sees the locket around Annie's neck, buys her a new one from Tiffany & Co, he debates taking her "under his wing", because he doesn't know much about children, but he realizes that he loves her and gives her the locket. However, she bursts into tears, saying it was the only thing left by her parents, refuses to accept a new one.
Grace and the staff pledge to find her parents no matter what it takes. Annie appears on the radio on a show by Bert Healy where Warbucks announces that he is offering $50,000 to the couple who can prove they are her parents. Healy sings a song with the Boylan Sisters. Back at the orphanage the girls are listening to the song. Everyone is fascinated that their friend is except Pepper; when Miss Hannigan hears, she demands to know what was happening. Molly announces that Annie was on the radio, that there is a $50,000 reward for her parents. Miss Hannigan is anything but pleased. Shortly after, a couple named Ralph and Shirley Mudge arrive, saying they left a little girl here eleven years ago and have come back for her. Miss Hannigan is shocked, they soon reveal themselves to be Lily. They request information about Annie from Miss Hannigan for one third of the money, though she demands one half for this service, she tells them about the note and the locket. Warbucks brings Annie to Washington, D. C. where she requests to meet the president.
Warbucks thinks that it would be better if Annie waited outside, but Franklin D. Roosevelt asks her to stay, she begins to sing "Tomorrow", though shushed by the cabinet. Roosevelt, believes that people must be optimistic during tough times, commands them to sing. Once back home, Warbucks tells Annie; because her parents have not shown up, he announces. They decide to throw a Christmas party, Annie wants to invite Miss Hannigan and the orphans. While preparing, the delighted staff tell of. Judge Louis Brandeis shows up to begin the adoption proceedings, but is interrupted by Mr. and Mrs. Mudge who come to pick up
Education in Canada
Education in Canada is for the most part provided publicly and overseen by federal and local governments. Education is within provincial jurisdiction and the curriculum is overseen by the province. Education in Canada is divided into primary education, followed by secondary education and post-secondary. Within the provinces under the ministry of education, there are district school boards administering the educational programs. Education is compulsory up to the age of 16 in every province in Canada, except for Manitoba and New Brunswick, where the compulsory age is 18, or as soon as a high school diploma has been achieved. In some provinces early leaving exemptions can be granted under certain circumstances at 14. Canada has 190 school days in the year starting from September to the end of June. In British Columbia secondary schools, there are 172 school days during a school year.. In Alberta, high school students get an additional four weeks off to accommodate for exam break. Classes end on the 15th of those two months.
Elementary, intermediate and post-secondary education in Canada is a provincial responsibility and there are many variations between the provinces. The federal government's responsibilities in education are limited to the Royal Military College of Canada, funding the education of indigenous peoples. In 2016, 8.5% of men and 5.4% of women aged 25 to 34 had less than a high school diploma. In many places, publicly funded high school courses are offered to the adult population; the ratio of high school graduates versus non diploma-holders is changing partly due to changes in the labour market that require people to have a high school diploma and, in many cases, a university degree. Nonetheless, more than 54.0% of Canadians have a college or university degree, the highest rate in the world. The majority of schools, 67%, are co-educational. Canada spends about 5.4% of its GDP on education. The country invests in tertiary education. Recent reports suggest that from 2006 the tuition fees of Canadian universities have increased by 40 percent.
Since the adoption of section 23 of the Constitution Act, 1982, education in both English and French has been available in most places across Canada, although French Second Language education/French Immersion is available to anglophone students across Canada. According to an announcement of Canadian Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Canada is introducing a new, fast-track system to let foreign students and graduates with Canadian work experience become permanent eligible residents in Canada. Most schools have introduced one or more initiatives such as programs in Native studies, Aboriginal cultures and crafts. Although these classes are offered, most appear to be limited by the area or region in which students reside. "The curriculum is designed to elicit development and quality of people's cognition through the guiding of accommodations of individuals to their natural environment and their changing social order"Subjects that get assessed assume greater importance than non-assessed subjects or facets of the curriculum.
Some scholars view academics as a form of "soft power" helping to educate and to create positive attitudes, although there is criticism that educators are telling students what to think, instead of how to think for themselves, using up a large proportion of classroom time in the process. Efforts to keep students happy and correct come at the expense of academic achievement. Social promotion policies, grade inflation, lack of corrective feedback for students, teaching methods that slow the development of basic skills compared to past decades, reform mathematics, the failure to objectively track student progress have forced high schools and colleges to lower their academic standards; the Constitution of Canada provides constitutional protections for some types of publicly funded religious-based and language-based school systems. The Constitution Act, 1867 contains a guarantee for publicly funded religious-based separate schools, provided the separate schools were established by law prior to the province joining Confederation.
Court cases have established that this provision did not apply to Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island, since those provinces did not provide a legal guarantee for separate schools prior to Confederation. The provision did apply to Ontario, Saskatchewan and Newfoundland and Labrador, since these provinces did have pre-existing separate schools; this constitutional provision was repealed in Quebec by a constitutional amendment in 1997, for Newfoundland and Labrador in 1998. The constitutional provision continues to apply to Ontario and Alberta. There is a similar federal statutory provision. Section 23 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees the right of citizens who were educated in the minority language in a particular province to have their children educated in the minority language in
The Sound of Music
The Sound of Music is a musical with music by Richard Rodgers, lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II and a book by Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse. It is based on the memoir of The Story of the Trapp Family Singers. Set in Austria on the eve of the Anschluss in 1938, the musical tells the story of Maria, who takes a job as governess to a large family while she decides whether to become a nun, she falls in love with the children, their widowed father, Captain von Trapp. He is ordered to accept a commission in the German navy, he and Maria decide on a plan to flee Austria with the children. Many songs from the musical have become standards, such as "Edelweiss", "My Favorite Things", "Climb Ev'ry Mountain", "Do-Re-Mi", the title song "The Sound of Music"; the original Broadway production, starring Mary Martin and Theodore Bikel, opened in 1959 and won five Tony Awards, including Best Musical, out of nine nominations. The first London production opened at the Palace Theatre in 1961; the show has enjoyed numerous revivals since then.
It was adapted as a 1965 film musical starring Julie Andrews and Christopher Plummer, which won five Academy Awards. The Sound of Music was the last musical written by Hammerstein. After viewing The Trapp Family, a 1956 West German film about the von Trapp family, its 1958 sequel, stage director Vincent J. Donehue thought that the project would be perfect for his friend Mary Martin; the producers envisioned a non-musical play that would be written by Lindsay and Crouse and that would feature songs from the repertoire of the Trapp Family Singers. They decided to add an original song or two by Rodgers and Hammerstein, but it was soon agreed that the project should feature all new songs and be a musical rather than a play. Details of the history of the von Trapp family were altered for the musical; the real Georg von Trapp did live with his family in a villa in a suburb of Salzburg. He wrote to the Nonnberg Abbey in 1926 asking for a nun to help tutor his sick daughter, the Mother Abbess sent Maria.
His wife had died in 1922. The real Maria and Georg married at the Nonnberg Abbey in 1927. Lindsay and Crouse altered the story so that Maria was governess to all of the children, whose names and ages were changed, as was Maria's original surname; the von Trapps spent some years in Austria after Maria and the Captain married and was offered a commission in Germany's navy. Since von Trapp opposed the Nazis by that time, the family left Austria after the Anschluss, going by train to Italy and traveling on to London and the United States. To make the story more dramatic and Crouse had the family, soon after Maria's and the Captain's wedding, escape over the mountains to Switzerland on foot. In Salzburg, just before World War II, nuns from Nonnberg Abbey sing the Dixit Dominus. One of the postulants, Maria Rainer, is on the nearby mountainside, regretting leaving the beautiful hills, she returns late to the abbey where the Mother Abbess and the other nuns have been considering what to do about the free-spirit.
Maria explains her lateness, saying she was raised on that mountain, apologizes for singing in the garden without permission. The Mother Abbess joins her in song; the Mother Abbess tells her that she should spend some time outside the abbey to decide whether she is suited for the monastic life. She will act as the governess to the seven children of a widower, Austro-Hungarian Navy submarine Captain Georg von Trapp. Maria arrives at the villa of Captain von Trapp, he summons the children with a boatswain's call. They march in, he teaches her their individual signals on the call, but she disapproves of this militaristic approach. Alone with them, she teaches them the basics of music. Rolf, a young messenger, delivers a telegram and meets with the oldest child, outside the villa, he claims. They kiss, he runs off, leaving her squealing with joy. Meanwhile, the housekeeper, Frau Schmidt, gives Maria material to make new clothes, as Maria had given all her possessions to the poor. Maria sees Liesl slipping in through the window, wet from a sudden thunderstorm, but agrees to keep her secret.
The other children are frightened by the storm. Maria sings "The Lonely Goatherd". Captain von Trapp arrives a month from Vienna with Baroness Elsa Schräder and Max Detweiler. Elsa tells Max, he opines. Rolf enters, looking for Liesl, greets them with "Heil"; the Captain orders him away, saying. Maria and the children leapfrog in, wearing play-clothes that she made from the old drapes in her room. Infuriated, the Captain sends them off to change, she tells him that they need him to love them, he angrily orders her back to the abbey. As she apologizes, they hear the children singing "The Sound of Music", which she had taught them, to welcome Elsa Schräder, he embraces them. Alone with Maria, he asks her to stay. Elsa is suspicious of her; the Captain gives a party to introduce Elsa, guests argue over the
Big Fish (musical)
Big Fish is a musical with music and lyrics by Andrew Lippa and book by John August. It is based on Daniel Wallace’s 1998 novel, Big Fish: A Novel of Mythic Proportions, the 2003 film Big Fish written by John August and directed by Tim Burton. Big Fish revolves around the relationship between Edward Bloom, a travelling salesman, his adult son Will, who looks for what is behind his father’s tall stories; the story shifts between two timelines. In the present-day real world, sixty-year-old Edward Bloom faces his mortality while Will prepares to become a father himself. In the storybook past, Edward ages from a teenager, encountering a Witch, a Giant, a Mermaid, the love of his life, Sandra; the stories meet. The story has drawn comparisons to The Music Man and The Wizard of Oz; the musical plot differs from the 2003 film in certain aspects. The mythical town of Spectre -- and Edward's quest to save it from destruction -- has been folded into Edward's home town of Ashton. In the musical, The Witch and Jenny Hill are two distinct characters.
In the film, Jenny Hill and The Witch were aspects of the same character played by Helena Bonham Carter. The character of Norther Winslow, played by Steve Buscemi in the film, doesn't exist in the musical, nor do conjoined twins Ping and Jing. Act 1The curtain rises in Alabama on Edward Bloom, skipping rocks on the river, his son, about to get married, comes to ask Edward not to make a toast or tell any of his crazy stories at the wedding. Edward can not understand why Will assures that he will oblige. Entering a flashback to when Will was a child, Edward tells him a story. Edward is walking down the river. So Edward teaches him that the proper way to catch fish is by doing the "Alabama Stomp," saying "If you give a man a fish, you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, you feed him for a lifetime. Teach a man the Alabama Stomp, you feed his soul!" The entire company joins in with them and they are able to catch many, many fish. At the end of the song, a giant fish jumps out of the water into the fisherman's arms.
When he finishes his story, Edward's wife Sandra tells them it's time for Will to go to bed. Edward refuses behind her back and tells Will another story of a witch that Edward met as a teenager, who showed Edward and his high school enemy, Don Price, how they would die; the story returns to present day to where Edward suspects that Will's fiancée, Josephine, is pregnant. He tells Will of his suspicion and after jokingly pushing a response from Will, his suspicion is confirmed, but Will tells Edward that he cannot go around telling people because it is too soon and "statistically, it might not happen." At the wedding reception, Edward noisily decides to make a toast saying he has "recently decided to become a grandfather," and that he has reason to believe that his wish "may come sooner than expected." This whole situation, of course, angers Will and as Josephine takes the shocked crowd to catch the bouquet and Edward argue. Will is angry that he did not follow his requests, Edward wishes to stop getting treated like a child.
After Sandra breaks the argument before "one of says something can't take back," the reception ends. While leaving the celebration, Edward's doctor, one of the guests, notices that Edward seems to be in pain and suggests that he come in for an examination. At the hospital and Sandra discover that the cancer Edward has been fighting has spread beyond where they imagined. Though Edward has been hiding his cancer from Will, his doctor thinks he and Will should have a talk about it. Concurrently, in a hospital back where Will and Josephine live in New York City, they discover that their child is a boy; that day, in Central Park, Will sings of the wonder and mystery of his future child, promises to strengthen his relationship with his father, who he sees as a stranger. But his joy is interrupted by a phone call from his mother, telling him about Edward's condition and asking him and Josephine to come home. In Edward and Sandra's shed in Alabama, Sandra tells Will that although he and Edward can be a handful, she loves them both.
They travel to their back yard, Edward and Josephine enter and it appears she is being entertained by his stories. She is enamored by his life and stories and wishes to hear them all, so he launches into another tale of his high school days, he was the hero of his small town and was the boyfriend of the head cheerleader, Jenny Hill. The town of Ashton, Alabama is scared because of a giant living in a nearby cave, so to get to the bottom of the situation, Edward volunteers to go talk to him, he has no fear. The witch told him how he would go, this is not it, he goes to the cave and introduces himself to the giant, named Karl, convinces him to join him on a journey away from Ashton. Back in the present and Will are looking through Edward's old files. Josephine is excitedly talking about Edward's stories while Will expresses his concern that his father will die and he will not know who he is. Josephine suggests that if he makes a list of his father's stories and each of their morals, he will learn what kind of a person his father is.
He begins listing some of them, but is interrupted when Josephine finds a deed to a house in Ashton signed by Jenny Hill and Edward. She thinks this proves that Edward must be telling the truth, but Will denies it and questions why the deed exists in the first place. However, Josephine's interest sparks a conversation of Edward