A comprehensive school is a school type, principally in the United Kingdom. The term is used in relation to England and Wales, where comprehensive schools were introduced as state schools on an experimental basis in the 1940s and became more widespread from 1965. With the Blair educational reforms from 2003, they may be part of a local education authority or be a self governing academy or part of a multi-academy trust. About 90% of British secondary school pupils now attend comprehensive schools or the small number of grammar schools), they correspond broadly to the public high school in the United States and Canada and to the Gesamtschule in Germany. Comprehensive schools provide an entitlement curriculum to all children, without selection whether due to financial considerations or attainment. A consequence of, a wider ranging curriculum, including practical subjects such as design and technology and vocational learning, which were less common or non-existent in grammar schools. Providing post-16 education cost-effectively becomes more challenging for smaller comprehensive schools, because of the number of courses needed to cover a broader curriculum with comparatively fewer students.
This is why schools have tended to get larger and why many local authorities have organised secondary education into 11–16 schools, with the post-16 provision provided by sixth form colleges and further education colleges. Comprehensive schools do not select their intake on the basis of academic achievement or aptitude, but there are demographic reasons why the attainment profiles of different schools vary considerably. In addition, government initiatives such as the City Technology Colleges and Specialist schools programmes have made the comprehensive ideal less certain. In these schools children could be selected on the basis of curriculum aptitude related to the school's specialism though the schools do take quotas from each quartile of the attainment range to ensure they were not selective by attainment. A problem with this is whether the quotas should be taken from a normal distribution or from the specific distribution of attainment in the immediate catchment area. In the selective school system, which survives in several parts of the United Kingdom, admission is dependent on selection criteria, most a cognitive test or tests.
Although comprehensive schools were introduced to England and Wales in 1965, there are 164 selective grammar schools that are still in operation.. Most comprehensives are secondary schools for children between the ages of 11 to 16, but in a few areas there are comprehensive middle schools, in some places the secondary level is divided into two, for students aged 11 to 14 and those aged 14 to 18 corresponding to the US middle school and high school, respectively. With the advent of key stages in the National Curriculum some local authorities reverted from the Middle School system to 11–16 and 11–18 schools so that the transition between schools corresponds to the end of one key stage and the start of another. In principle, comprehensive schools were conceived as "neighbourhood" schools for all students in a specified catchment area; the first comprehensives were set up after the Second World War. In 1946, for example, Walworth School was one of five'experimental' comprehensive schools set up by the London County Council Another early comprehensive school was Holyhead County School in Anglesey in 1949.
Coventry opened two Comprehensive School in 1954 by combining Grammar Schools and Secondary Modern Schools. These were Woodlands. Another early example was Tividale Comprehensive School in Tipton; the first, purpose-built comprehensive in the North of England was Colne Valley High School near Huddersfield in 1956. The largest expansion of comprehensive schools resulted from a policy decision taken in 1965 by Anthony Crosland, Secretary of State for Education in the 1964–1970 Labour government; the policy decision was implemented by Circular 10/65, an instruction to local education authorities to plan for conversion. Students sat the 11+ examination in their last year of primary education and were sent to one of a secondary modern, secondary technical or grammar school depending on their perceived ability. Secondary technical schools were never implemented and for 20 years there was a virtual bipartite system which saw fierce competition for the available grammar school places, which varied between 15% and 25% of total secondary places, depending on location.
In 1970 Margaret Thatcher, the Secretary of State for Education in the new Conservative government, ended the compulsion on local authorities to convert, many local authorities were so far down the path that it would have been prohibitively expensive to attempt to reverse the process, more comprehensive schools were established under Thatcher than any other education secretary. By 1975 the majority of local authorities in England and Wales had abandoned the 11-Plus examination and moved to a comprehensive system. Over that 10-year period many secondary modern schools and grammar schools were amalgamated to form large neighbourhood comprehensives, whilst a number of new schools were built to accommodate a growing school population. By the mid-1970s the system had been fully implemented, with no secondary modern schools remaining. Many grammar schools were either changed to comprehensive status; some local authorities, including S
Rawlins Academy is a secondary school of about 1500 students situated in Quorn, England. Rawlins is partnered with the Number 2 Middle School in China. There is a young adult special needs centre attached, known as Stride. There are after-school classes for various subjects, such as IT. Swimming lessons were available from the school via the Rawlins swimming pool, until the pool was closed off from the public for safety reasons. Rawlins Academy has a Community Education Programme, was the first college in Leicestershire to run GCSE's in Japanese, Chinese and to offer A Level Japanese as a Community Class. Thomas Rawlins founded the school in 1691. Rawlins became the Thomas Rawlins Grammar School known as Rawlins Grammar School. Leicestershire was ahead of the curve when it came to the comprehensive transformation of the 1960s and 1970s, with its Leicestershire plan, implementing three-tier education with upper schools from the age of 14, it was known as Rawlins School and Community College from 1967, before being renamed the Rawlins Upper School and Community College in the late 1970s.
In September 2013, Rawlins admitted over 240 year seven students as it moved from 14-19 provision to 11-19. On 1 November 2011, Rawlins Community College gained academy status and became independent of local authority control. In September 2013 the name of the school became Rawlins Academy. At the beginning of the 2006 autumn term, Rawlins was divided into six houses: Bradgate, Swithland, Outwoods and Buddon. Since the 2009 Autumn term there has been a vertical tutor groups with students from all years being placed in the same forms; each form is assigned a house, with about 20 forms from each house. In 2017, Rawlins changed their coaching system to year coaching's; each year group has 12 forms. Raw TV broadcasts programs from news to event coverage and general entertainment programming via the Rawlins VLE; the current regular programme is the Raw TV News. Other shows air as one-off specials and cover anything from sporting events to Rawlins film makers. Raw TV was featured on BBC East Midlands Today in December 2008 as it is one of the only student run college TV networks in the country.
The students that run Raw TV work in partnership with other local schools. Programs are edited by students using Apple Final Cut Pro. Rawlins produces, it has one of the highest success rates in the county in completion of P16 courses. Willie Thorne, snooker player and BBC TV commentator Matt Piper, Footballer for Leicester City.
Leicester City Council
Leicester City Council is a unitary authority responsible for local government in the city of Leicester, England. It consists of 54 councillors, representing 22 wards in the city, overseen by a directly elected mayor, it is controlled by the Labour Party and has been led by Mayor Sir Peter Soulsby since his election on 6 May 2011. The main council building is City Hall on Charles Street, but council meetings are held in the 19th-century Town Hall; as a unitary authority, the council is responsible for running nearly all local services in Leicester with the exception of the Leicestershire Fire and Rescue Service and Leicestershire Constabulary which are run by joint boards with Leicestershire County Council and Rutland County Council. The Council traces its roots to the Corporation of Leicester, before to the Merchant Gild and the Portmanmoot; the Portmanmoot consisted of 24 Jurats, elected from the burgesses, along with two bailiffs, a clerk. It appears to have existed before the Norman Conquest in 1066.
In 1209, the lead member of the Portmanmoot, the Alderman, became known as a mayor. The Gild Merchant and the Moot overlapped in membership and had become merged in the 14th century. Membership of the Twenty-Four appears to have been by co-option, chosen by themselves. Traditionally, the general populace attended some meetings of the Moot and Guild, but this was restricted to burgesses in 1467. In 1489, this changed to a system where the Mayor and the Twenty-Four chose Forty-Eight burgesses to represent the others, the Twenty-Four and the Forty-Eight would govern jointly. After doubts as to the ability of the Moot and Gild to hold property arose in the 16th century, the Corporation was formed, replacing the Gild and Portmanmoot, in 1589. A second charter was granted in 1599, reconfirming this, to The Mayor and Burgesses of the Borough of Leicester; the 24 Jurats became known as the Aldermen of the Corporation, the 48 other Burgesses as the Common Council. The members of the Corporation chose the burgesses to send to the House of Commons.
The Corporation, as with most English municipal corporations, continued unreformed until the Municipal Reform Act of 1835, although the freemen in general obtained the right to participate in the election of MPs after the Restoration. The Municipal Reform Act replaced the existing system of co-option for members of the council with elections by rate-payers; this led to a prolonged spell of Liberal control of the council. Leicester became, under the Local Government Act, a county borough; the Corporation was replaced in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, with the modern Leicester City Council, a non-metropolitan district council under Leicestershire County Council. Leicestershire County Council's jurisdiction over the City of Leicester was transferred to the City Council on 1 April 1997, making it a unitary authority, as part of the 1990s UK local government reform; the position of Lord Mayor of Leicester is a ceremonial post, is combined with that of chairman of the council. The position is elected yearly by members of rotates.
Councillor Ross Grant is the current lord mayor. The City is divided into 21 electoral wards, each of which returns two or three councillors, using the bloc voting system, as follows: A new set of wards and ward boundaries came into effect for the 7 May 2015 council elections. Wards that existed and were abolished are Charnwood, Freeman, New Parks and Western Park; the previous ward boundaries were adopted for the 2003 local elections. Prior to this, there had been each electing 2 members. Wards that had existed and been abolished were Crown Hills, East Knighton, North Braunstone, Rowley Fields, Saffron, St Augustine's, West Humberstone, West Knighton and Wycliffe; the current composition of the council is as follows: One seat is vacant following the death of the incumbent The Council had been under the control of the Labour Party from 1979 until the 2003 local elections, where no overall control was established. Labour regained control in 2007 and consolidated its position in 2011. In December 2010 the Council voted to introduce a directly elected mayor with effect from May 2011.
On 5 May 2011 Sir Peter Soulsby was elected to the post with 55% of the vote on the first ballot. He will serve a further four-year term. Veejay Patel was the last Leader of the Council until May 2011, having replaced Ross Willmott on 25 March 2010. Councillor Willmott served three spells as Leader: from May 1999 to May 2003; the council was under no overall control between 2003 and 2007. A Liberal Democrat-Conservative administration controlled the council from May 2003 until it collapsed in November 2004, after which a Labour minority administration took power; the Liberal Democrat-Conservative administration re-grouped in 2005 and controlled the council until May 2007 when Labour returned to power, consolidated its position still further in May 2011 and 2015. As of May 2015, the Council is composed of 52 Labour councillors, plus the directly elected mayor, eligible to take part and vote in Council meetings. One councillor resigned from the Labour group following being convicted of sexual assault and now sits as an independent.
The next election is due to take place in May 2019, although by-elections take place when a seat becomes vacant due to resignation or death of a councillor. Incompletent list of council leaders: Jim Marshall Ken Middleton Peter Soulsby Stuart Foster Peter Soulsby Ross Willmott (1999–20
Belvoir High School
Belvoir High School, now known as The Priory Belvoir Academy, is a mixed secondary school located in Bottesford in the English county of Leicestershire. The school also operated Melton Vale Post 16 Centre in Melton Mowbray. A middle school, Belvoir High School changed its intake in 2008 and became a secondary school for pupils aged 11 to 16, it was converted as part of the Belvoir and Melton Academy Trust. In 2017, the Belvoir and Melton Academy Trust was discontinued and the Belvoir High School became part of The Priory Federation of Academies Trust; as of 2018, the school's most recent Ofsted inspection was in 2015, the judgement was Good. Melton Vale Post 16 Centre is a sixth form centre located in Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire. From 2012 to 2017 it was part of the Melton Academy Trust. In 2017 it became part of the Nova Academy Trust; as of 2018, the centre's most recent Ofsted inspection was in 2015, the judgement was Outstanding. Robert Harris, novelist Sean Lamont, rugby player Belvoir High School official website Melton Vale Post 16 Centre official website Bottesford Living History: Schools The Priory Federation of Academies Trust
A website or Web site is a collection of related network web resources, such as web pages, multimedia content, which are identified with a common domain name, published on at least one web server. Notable examples are wikipedia.org, google.com, amazon.com. Websites can be accessed via a public Internet Protocol network, such as the Internet, or a private local area network, by a uniform resource locator that identifies the site. Websites can be used in various fashions. Websites are dedicated to a particular topic or purpose, ranging from entertainment and social networking to providing news and education. All publicly accessible websites collectively constitute the World Wide Web, while private websites, such as a company's website for its employees, are part of an intranet. Web pages, which are the building blocks of websites, are documents composed in plain text interspersed with formatting instructions of Hypertext Markup Language, they may incorporate elements from other websites with suitable markup anchors.
Web pages are accessed and transported with the Hypertext Transfer Protocol, which may optionally employ encryption to provide security and privacy for the user. The user's application a web browser, renders the page content according to its HTML markup instructions onto a display terminal. Hyperlinking between web pages conveys to the reader the site structure and guides the navigation of the site, which starts with a home page containing a directory of the site web content; some websites require user subscription to access content. Examples of subscription websites include many business sites, news websites, academic journal websites, gaming websites, file-sharing websites, message boards, web-based email, social networking websites, websites providing real-time stock market data, as well as sites providing various other services. End users can access websites on a range of devices, including desktop and laptop computers, tablet computers and smart TVs; the World Wide Web was created in 1990 by the British CERN physicist Tim Berners-Lee.
On 30 April 1993, CERN announced. Before the introduction of HTML and HTTP, other protocols such as File Transfer Protocol and the gopher protocol were used to retrieve individual files from a server; these protocols offer a simple directory structure which the user navigates and where they choose files to download. Documents were most presented as plain text files without formatting, or were encoded in word processor formats. Websites can be used in various fashions. Websites can be the work of an individual, a business or other organization, are dedicated to a particular topic or purpose. Any website can contain a hyperlink to any other website, so the distinction between individual sites, as perceived by the user, can be blurred. Websites are written in, or converted to, HTML and are accessed using a software interface classified as a user agent. Web pages can be viewed or otherwise accessed from a range of computer-based and Internet-enabled devices of various sizes, including desktop computers, tablet computers and smartphones.
A website is hosted on a computer system known as a web server called an HTTP server. These terms can refer to the software that runs on these systems which retrieves and delivers the web pages in response to requests from the website's users. Apache is the most used web server software and Microsoft's IIS is commonly used; some alternatives, such as Nginx, Hiawatha or Cherokee, are functional and lightweight. A static website is one that has web pages stored on the server in the format, sent to a client web browser, it is coded in Hypertext Markup Language. Images are used to effect the desired appearance and as part of the main content. Audio or video might be considered "static" content if it plays automatically or is non-interactive; this type of website displays the same information to all visitors. Similar to handing out a printed brochure to customers or clients, a static website will provide consistent, standard information for an extended period of time. Although the website owner may make updates periodically, it is a manual process to edit the text and other content and may require basic website design skills and software.
Simple forms or marketing examples of websites, such as classic website, a five-page website or a brochure website are static websites, because they present pre-defined, static information to the user. This may include information about a company and its products and services through text, animations, audio/video, navigation menus. Static websites can be edited using four broad categories of software: Text editors, such as Notepad or TextEdit, where content and HTML markup are manipulated directly within the editor program WYSIWYG offline editors, such as Microsoft FrontPage and Adobe Dreamweaver, with which the site is edited using a GUI and the final HTML markup is generated automatically by the editor software WYSIWYG online editors which create media rich online presentation like web pages, intro, blogs, an
Department for Education
The Department for Education is a department of Her Majesty's Government responsible for child protection, education and wider skills in England. A Department for Education existed between 1992, when the Department of Education and Science was renamed, 1995 when it was merged with the Department for Employment to become the Department for Education and Employment; the DfE was formed on 12 May 2010 by the incoming Cameron ministry, taking on the responsibilities and resources of the Department for Children and Families. In June 2012 the Department for Education committed a breach of the UK's Data Protection Act due to a security flaw on its website which made email addresses and comments of people responding to consultation documents available for download. In July 2016, the Department took over responsibilities for higher and further education and for apprenticeship from the dissolved Department for Business and Skills. Committee of the Privy Council on Education, 1839–1899 Education Department, 1856–1899 Board of Education, 1899–1944 Ministry of Education, 1944–1964 Department of Education and Science, 1964–1992 Department for Education, 1992–1995 Department for Education and Employment, 1995–2001 Department for Education and Skills, 2001–2007 Department for Children and Families, 2007–2010 The department is led by the Secretary of State for Education.
The Permanent Secretary is Jonathan Slater. DfE is responsible for education, children’s services and further education policy and wider skills in England, equalities; the predecessor department employed the equivalent of 2,695 staff as of April 2008 and as at June 2016, DfE had reduced its workforce to the equivalent of 2,301 staff. In 2015-16, the DfE has a budget of £58.2bn, which includes £53.6bn resource spending and £4.6bn of capital investments. The Department for Education's ministers are as follows: The management board is made up of: Permanent Secretary - Jonathan Slater Director-General, Social Care and Equalities - Indra Morris Director-General, Education Standards - Paul Kett Director-General and Funding - Andrew McCully Director-General and Further Education - Philippa Lloyd Chief Financial and Operating Officer, Insight and Transformation - Howard Orme Chief Executive, Education & Skills Funding Agency - Eileen MilnerNon-executive board members: Marion Plant OBE; the Education Funding Agency was responsible for distributing funding for state education in England for 3-19 year olds, as well as managing the estates of schools, colleges and the Skills Funding Agency was responsible for funding skills training for further education in England and running the National Apprenticeship Service and the National Careers Service.
The EFA was formed on 1 April 2012 by bringing together the functions of two non-departmental public bodies, the Young People's Learning Agency and Partnerships for Schools. The SFA was formed on 1 April 2010, following the closure of the Skills Council. Eileen Milner is the agency's Chief Executive; the National College for Teaching and Leadership is responsible for administering the training of new and existing teachers in England, as well as the regulation of the teaching profession and offers headteachers, school leaders and senior children's services leaders opportunities for professional development. It was established on 1 April 2013, when the Teaching Agency merged with the National College for School Leadership; the National College for Teaching and Leadership was replaced by the Department for Education and Teaching Regulation Agency in April 2018. The Standards and Testing Agency is responsible for developing and delivering all statutory assessments for school pupils in England, it was formed on 1 October 2011 and took over the functions of the Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency.
The STA is regulated by Ofqual. The DfE is supported by 10 public bodies: Education and children's policy is devolved elsewhere in the UK; the department's main devolved counterparts are as follows: Scotland Scottish Government – Learning and Justice DirectoratesNorthern Ireland Department of Education Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister Wales Welsh Government – Department for Education and Skills The Department for Education released a new National Curriculum for schools in England for September 2014, which included'Computing'. Following Michael Gove's speech in 2012, the subject of Information Communication Technology has been disapplied and replaced by Computing. With the new curriculum, materials have been written by commercial companies, to support non-specialist teachers, for example,'100 Computing Lessons' by Scholastic; the Computing at Schools organisation has created a'Network of Teaching Excellence'to support schools with the new curriculum. In 2015, the Department announced a major restructuring of the
City Learning Centre
A City Learning Centre is a facility in the United Kingdom which provides ICT-based learning opportunities for the pupils at the host school, for pupils at a network of surrounding schools and for the wider community. The centre aims to enhance learning across the whole curriculum by providing courses and opportunities for individual pupils from schools around the area; the multimedia establishments cater to any age and level of ICT understanding, some offer conferencing facilities which are pre-bookable by local businesses. The number of established City Learning Centres in England exceeded 100, grew since their introduction in 2001. Many City Learning Centres are established on the same ground as an existing school. City Learning Centres were funded by the British Government through the Excellence in Cities programme to ensure they were able to cater for the requirements of local schools and businesses within the area, with an emphasis on enhancing opportunities in disadvantaged areas. Up to £1.2 million of Revenue Funding per CLC was available for capital and initial start-up costs plus recurring funding of £220,000 per annum.
After their first year of operation, an additional £150,000 was available for Capital Redevelopment Funding to ensure their technology remains at the forefront. However, unlike revenue funding, it was only released from the first full financial year that a CLC was operational, requiring that a Centre must be open before 31 March in order to trigger funding in the following financial year; this however was limited to building and structure work, computer hardware and software, but not the funding required for subscriptions for such software. It should not be used to pay for staffing costs or other non-CLC purposes. In addition, this money must be spent on the Centre and not shared out amongst its partner schools, unless it is to improve connectivity between a Centre and partner schools. Funding for CLCs was abolished when the coalition government came into power in May 2010; the majority of CLCs have closed leaving some still operating. City Learning Centre's now generate income directly from schools, local authorities, others work with businesses or a combination of all of these.
The Centres are there for schools to use and to come up with interesting and replicable lesson plans, extra curricular activities and to discover new ways of using technology in the classroom. An important reason for using the Centres, as well as spreading technology more is that it encourages schools to work more co-operatively with each other, sharing ideas as they share resources, it means the Centres are able to be equipped with more specialist technology that would otherwise be cost-effective for individual schools, will be a'draw' for pupils and the community as a place to experience the latest technology, as well as meet and exchange ideas. In cases where transport is difficult, schools will be able to access the Centres' resources remotely through a'hub and spoke' arrangement. City Learning Centres offer a wide range of activities and facilities to the pupils in the surrounding area; some of the facilities or available activities include: Use of computer facilities not available in schools.
Use of expertise in teaching and learning not available in schools. Use of professional Apple Macs for activities such as video editing. Use of specialist video editing software. Facilities to print large scale industrial-size printing. School radio stations. Consultancy on the use of a range of technologies within the curriculum. Expertise in the use of mobile devices such as the iPad in teaching and learning. List of City Learning Centres in England Excellence in Cities Education in England