Hubbard County, Minnesota
Hubbard County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 20,428, its county seat is Park Rapids. A portion of the Leech Lake Indian Reservation is in the county; the county was created on February 1883, with territory partitioned from Cass County. It was named for Lucius Frederick Hubbard, a prominent Territory editor, Civil War participant, businessman, governor of Minnesota from 1882 to 1887; the county's boundaries have remained unchanged since its creation. The new county's courthouse was destroyed by fire around 1890; the county's terrain is hilly wooded, dotted with lakes and ponds. It slopes to the east, with the northern part sloping to the north and the southern part sloping to the south, its highest point is near the lower middle of its western border, at 1,549' ASL. The county has a total area of 1,000 square miles, of which 926 square miles is land and 74 square miles is water; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 18,376 people, 7,435 households, 5,345 families in the county.
The population density was 19.9/sqmi. There were 12,229 housing units at an average density of 13.3/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 96.31% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 2.13% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, 0.89% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.0 % were of 6.0 % English and 5.8 % Swedish ancestry. There were 7,435 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.10% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.10% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.88. The county population contained 24.60% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 26.90% from 45 to 64, 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years.
For every 100 females there were 99.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,321, the median income for a family was $41,177. Males had a median income of $30,030 versus $21,616 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,115. 9.70% of the population and 7.50% of families were below the poverty line. 12.50% of those under the age of 18 and 9.30% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Lake George Hubbard County voters have tended toward the Republican Party for several decades. Since 1980 the county has selected the Republican Party candidate in 78% of national elections. National Register of Historic Places listings in Hubbard County, Minnesota Hubbard County government’s website Hubbard County Historical Society Hubbard County Genealogical Society
Detroit Lakes, Minnesota
Detroit Lakes is a city in the State of Minnesota and the county seat of Becker County. The population was 8,569 at the 2010 census, its unofficial population during summer months is much higher, estimated by citizens to peak at 13,000 midsummer, due to seasonal residents and tourists. U. S. Highways 10 and 59, Minnesota State Highway 34 serve as the primary routes through the city. Detroit Lakes is located 45 miles east of the Fargo–Moorhead ND-MN statistical metropolitan area; the nearest major metropolitan area with a population over 300,000 is Minneapolis–Saint Paul, 205 miles southeast of Detroit Lakes. Detroit Lakes is a regional summer and winter recreation destination, attracting large numbers of tourists and seasonal residents each year, its economy is fueled by seasonal population increases, with tourism being the area's chief industry along with agriculture. The city of Detroit Lakes was founded by Colonel George Johnston in 1871; the city grew with the construction of the Northern Pacific Railroad.
In 1877, an election decided that Detroit Lakes known as Detroit, was to become the county seat. Detroit won the election by a ninety percent majority; the nearby cities of Frazee, Lake Park, Audubon were in the running for the county seat. By 1884, Detroit Lakes had many businesses, including the Hotel Minnesota, the Lakes Hotel, a bank, a newspaper, an opera house; the first county courthouse was built in Detroit Lakes that year also. Some of the city's historic buildings still stand, such as the railroad station, the historic Holmes Theater; the Becker County Museum, located near the Holmes Theater in Detroit Lakes, has a large amount of information and exhibits on the history of the city and the surrounding area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.20 square miles, of which, 10.22 square miles is land and 4.98 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 8,569 people, 3,864 households, 2,093 families residing in the city; the population density was 838.5 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 4,535 housing units at an average density of 443.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.6% White, 0.7% African American, 4.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population. There were 3,864 households of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 45.8% were non-families. 39.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age in the city was 41.6 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.2% male and 52.8% female. As of the official census of 2000, there were 7,348 people, 3,319 households, 1,845 families permanently residing in the city.
The population density was 980.4 people per square mile. There were 3,782 housing units at an average density of 504.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.98% White, 4.50% Native American, 0.53% Asian American, 0.42% African American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, 1.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population. There were 3,319 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.4% were non-families. 40.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.86. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, 23.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years.
For every 100 females, there were 84.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,264, the median income for a family was $42,267. Males had a median income of $28,939 versus $21,439 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,509. About 9.9% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over. Detroit Lakes is the county seat of Becker County, with the county courthouse and law enforcement center being located there. District headquarters for the Minnesota Department of Transportation and the Minnesota State Highway Patrol are located in the city. A 9-member City Council serves the city, with Mayor Matt Brenk serving as the 10th voting member in case of a tie. There are three election wards, with two council members serving each of the three primary wards and three serving the "at large" area.14 city boards and commissions are in operation, including the Park Board, Library Board, Public Utilities Commission, Planning Commission, Police Civil Service Commission, the Housing and Redevelopment Authority, the Airport Commission, the Tourism Bureau.
Detroit Lakes is located in Minnesota's 7th congressional district, represented by Collin Peterson, the former chairman of the House Agriculture Committee who resides in Detroit Lakes. The city is in Minnesota Senate District 4 after 2012 redistri
Clearwater County, Minnesota
Clearwater County is a county in the state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 8,695, its county seat is Bagley. Clearwater County is home to the source of the Mississippi River. Parts of the Red Lake and White Earth Indian reservations extend into the county; the Red Lake River flows out of Red Lake and courses westward across the top of Clearwater County on its way to discharge into the Red River at Grand Forks, North Dakota. The Clearwater River flows west-southwesterly across the central part of the county on its way to discharge into the Red Lake River; the county terrain consists of wooded rolling hills, dotted with ponds. The terrain slopes to the north, with the highest point on the lower west boundary, at 1,781' ASL; the county has a total area of 1,030 square miles, of which 999 square miles is land and 31 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bagley have ranged from a low of −5 °F in January to a high of 79 °F in July, although a record low of −53 °F was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 103 °F was recorded in August 1976.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.64 inches in December to 4.62 inches in June. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 8,423 people, 3,330 households, 2,287 families in the county; the population density was 8.43/sqmi. There were 4,114 housing units at an average density of 4.12/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 89.26% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 8.58% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, 1.47% from two or more races. 0.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 43.6% were of Norwegian, 15.6% German, 6.5% Swedish, 6.2% American ancestry. There were 3,330 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.30% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02.
The county population contained 26.00% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 101.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,517, the median income for a family was $39,698. Males had a median income of $29,338 versus $20,417 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,694. About 11.00% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.90% of those under age 18 and 18.20% of those age 65 or over. North Clearwater South Clearwater In past decades, Clearwater County functioned as a swing precinct, but no Democratic Party candidate has carried the county since 1996. National Register of Historic Places listings in Clearwater County MN Clearwater County government website City of Bagley website
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Mahnomen County, Minnesota
Mahnomen County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,413, its county seat is Mahnomen. The county is part of the White Earth Indian Reservation, it is the only county in Minnesota within an Indian reservation. The county, along with East Polk and Becker County, is one of the biggest cattle-raising areas in northwestern Minnesota. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 583 square miles, of which 558 square miles is land and 25 square miles is water. Mahnomen is one of 17 Minnesota savanna region counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils. U. S. Highway 59 Minnesota State Highway 113 Minnesota State Highway 200 Polk County Clearwater County Becker County Norman County As of the 2000 census, there were 5,190 people, 1,969 households, 1,366 families residing in the county; the population density was 9 people per square mile. There were 2,700 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 62.85% White 0.13% Black or African American, 28.55% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.31% from other races, 8.09% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.4% were of German and 17.0% Norwegian ancestry. There were 1,969 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.60% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the population was spread out with 29.20% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,053, the median income for a family was $35,500. Males had a median income of $23,614 versus $21,000 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,438. About 11.80% of families and 16.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.30% of those under age 18 and 15.30% of those age 65 or over. Bejou Mahnomen Waubun Mahkonce National Register of Historic Places listings in Mahnomen County, Minnesota USS Mahnomen County County of Mahnomen website http://www.co.mahnomen.mn.us/
A Carnegie library is a library built with money donated by Scottish-American businessman and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. A total of 2,509 Carnegie libraries were built between 1883 and 1929, including some belonging to public and university library systems. 1,689 were built in the United States, 660 in the United Kingdom and Ireland, 125 in Canada, others in Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, Belgium, the Caribbean, Mauritius and Fiji. At first, Carnegie libraries were exclusively in places where he had a personal connection - namely his birthplace in Scotland and the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area, his adopted home-town. Yet, beginning in the middle of 1899, Carnegie increased funding to libraries outside these areas. In years few towns that requested a grant and agreed to his terms were refused. By the time the last grant was made in 1919, there were 3,500 libraries in the United States, nearly half of them built with construction grants paid by Carnegie; the first of Carnegie's public libraries, Dunfermline Carnegie Library was in his birthplace, Scotland.
It was first commissioned or granted by Carnegie in 1880 to James Campbell Walker and would open in 1883. The locally quarried sandstone building displays a stylized sun with the carved motto "Let there be light" at the front entrance; the first library in the United States to be commissioned by Carnegie was in 1886 in his adopted hometown of Allegheny, Pennsylvania. In 1890, it became the second of his libraries to open in the USA; the building contained the first Carnegie Music Hall in the World. The first Carnegie library to open in the United States was in Braddock, about 9 miles up the Monongahela river from Pittsburgh, home to one of the Carnegie Steel Company's mills in 1889, it was the second Carnegie Library in the United States to be commissioned, 1887, was the first of just four libraries that he endowed. An 1893 addition doubled the size of the building and included the third Carnegie Music Hall in the United States. Carnegie limited his support to a few towns in which he had an interest.
These would be in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area. In America, 6 out of the first 7, 7 of the first 10, 9 of the first 13 libraries he commissioned are all found in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Architectural critic Patricia Lowry wrote "to this day, Carnegie's free-to-the-people libraries remain Pittsburgh's most significant cultural export, a gift that has shaped the minds and lives of millions."Until 1898, only one library was commissioned in America outside Southwestern Pennsylvania—a library in Fairfield, commissioned in 1892. As the first time that Carnegie had funded a library in which he had no personal ties, it helped initiate the funding model that would be used by Carnegie for thousands of additional libraries. Beginning in 1899, his foundation funded a dramatic increase in the number of libraries; this coincided with the rise of women's clubs in the post-Civil War period, which were most responsible for organizing efforts to establish libraries, including long-term fundraising and lobbying within their communities to support operations and collections.
They led the establishment of 75–80 percent of the libraries in communities across the country. Carnegie believed in giving to ambitious. Under segregation black people were denied access to public libraries in the Southern United States. Rather than insisting on his libraries being racially integrated, Carnegie funded separate libraries for African Americans. For example, in Houston he funded a separate Colored Carnegie Library; the Carnegie Library in Savannah, opened in 1914 to serve black residents, excluded from the public library. The organized Colored Library Association of Savannah had raised money and collected books to establish a small Library for Colored Citizens. Having demonstrated their willingness to support a library, the group petitioned for and received funds from Carnegie. Future U. S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas wrote in his memoirs that he used it as a boy, before the library system was desegregated. Most of the library buildings were unique, constructed in a number of styles, including Beaux-Arts, Italian Renaissance, Classical Revival, Spanish Colonial.
Scottish Baronial was one of the styles used in Carnegie's native Scotland. Each style was chosen by the community, although as the years went by James Bertram, Carnegie's secretary, became less tolerant of designs which were not to his taste. Edward Lippincott Tilton, a friend recommended by Bertram, designed many of the buildings; the architecture was simple and formal, welcoming patrons to enter through a prominent doorway, nearly always accessed via a staircase. The entry staircase symbolized a person's elevation by learning. Outside every library was a lamppost or lantern, meant as a symbol of enlightenment. Carnegie’s grants were large for the era and his library philanthropy is one of the largest philanthropic activities, by value, in history. Small towns received grants of $10,000 that enabled them to build large libraries that were among the most significant town amenities in hundreds of communities. Books and libraries were important to Carnegie, beginning with his early childhood in Scotland and his teen years in Allegheny/Pittsburgh.
There he listened to readings and discussions of books from the Tradesman's Subscription Library, which his father helped create. In Pennsylvania, while working for the l
Wadena County, Minnesota
Wadena County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,843, its county seat is Wadena. The county was formed in 1858 and organized in 1873. Wadena County was organized on February 21, 1873, at which time Wadena was chosen as the county seat. Wadena county is composed of 15 townships, first surveyed in 1863; each township contains 36 sections of land. In 1857, a man named Augustus Aspinwall laid out a townsite in what is now Section 15, Thomastown township, at the junction of the Crow Wing and Partridge rivers, named it Wadena. In 1872, when the railroad went through the area it ran about three miles south of this site and thus the town withered away. During that period there were three county commissioners; the balance of the townships were organized between this time and 1899. As of 2010, there are six organized towns in the county: Wadena, Sebeka, Menahga and Nimrod. Ghost towns, towns of the past or unorganized villages, included Kindred or Shell City and Ferris, Huntersville, Leaf River, Blue Grass.
In the early days, before rural mail delivery began, many post offices in the county served people so they did not have to travel far to get their mail. These included Kindred or Shell City, Wing River, Leaf River, Taylor’s Landing, Hoptacong, Lukens, Hartshorn, Bullard and Oylen. Today there are post offices in Menahga, Wadena and Aldrich. For the last part of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th, there were two railroads in the county; the Northern Pacific main line running east to west through Wadena was built in 1872, while the Great Northern branch or "K" line which ran from Sauk Centre to Bemidji, via Sebeka and Menahga, was completed in 1891. The line from Park Rapids to Long Prairie was abandoned in 1984 while the rest was abandoned in the early 1970s with the northern section from Park Rapids to Cass Lake since converted to the Heartland Trail. Wadena used to be served by Elliott Bros.. Transportation Co. Northwest Transportation Co. Red Bus Line, Gray Bus Line, Liederbach Bus Co. and Mercury Bus line.
There are four historical societies in the county, including the Wadena County Historical Society, the Verndale Historical Society, the Sebeka Finnish American Historical Society and the Menahga Historical Society. In 2010, there were four organized school districts in the county: Wadena, Verndale and Menahga. In 1906, there were 52 school districts in the county. Sebeka once had the second largest creamery in the state of Minnesota. Over the years there have been ten creameries in the county and ten cheese factories. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 543 square miles, of which 536 square miles is land and 7.0 square miles is water. Wadena is one of 17 Minnesota counties with more savanna soils than forest soils. Bill Lake - Blueberry Township Blueberry Lake - Blueberry Township Burgen Lake - Huntersville Township Duck Lake - southeast edge in Huntersville Township, southwest edge in Shell River Township Finn Lake - Shell River Township Granning Lake - Lyons Township Jim Cook Lake - Shell River Township Lily Lake - north quarter in Lyons Township, south three-quarters in Bullard Township Lovejoy Lake - Thomastown Township Lower Twin Lake - east half in Shell River Township, west half in Blueberry Township Mud Lake - Meadow Township Radabaugh Lake - Thomastown Township Rice Lake - Meadow Township Round Lake - Huntersville Township Simon Lake - Thomastown Township Spirit Lake - Menahga Stocking Lake - Blueberry Township Strike Lake - Lyons Township Thomas Lake - Blueberry Township Upper Twin Lake - south edge in Shell River Township Yaeger Lake - Meadow Township U.
S. Route 10 U. S. Route 71 Minnesota State Highway 29 Minnesota State Highway 87 Minnesota State Highway 227 Hubbard County Cass County Todd County Otter Tail County Becker County As of the census of 2000, there were 13,713 people, 5,426 households, 3,608 families residing in the county; the population density was 26 people per square mile. There were 6,334 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.89% White, 0.48% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, 0.59% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.5% were of German, 14.0% Norwegian, 12.5% Finnish, 9.0% United States or American and 5.3% Swedish ancestry. There were 5,426 households out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.50% were non-families.
29.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 23.60% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, 19.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there w