Celebrity is a 1998 American comedy-drama film written and directed by Woody Allen, features an ensemble cast. The screenplay describes the divergent paths; the film was a commercial disappointment. Lee Simon is an unsuccessful novelist turned travel writer who immerses himself in celebrity journalism following a midlife crisis and subsequent divorce from his insecure wife, Robin, a former English teacher, after sixteen years of marriage; as he stumbles his way through both professional encounters and sexual escapades with performers and other players in the world of entertainment, Lee questions his purpose in life. He ruins numerous opportunities due to his fame-seeking and neuroses. Meanwhile, Robin trades her many neuroses for a makeover and a job with television producer Tony Gardella that leads to her own celebrity interview program, she ends up happy and successful. The film was shot in black-and-white on location in New York City by cinematographer Sven Nykvist. Celebrity was the last of four films shot by Nykvist for Allen.
It marks the end of Allen's long collaboration with editor Susan E. Morse, who had edited the previous twenty of Allen's films beginning with Manhattan; the film premiered at the Venice Film Festival and was shown at the New York Film Festival before going into general release in the US on November 20, 1998. It opened on 493 screens, ranking # 10 on its opening weekend, it earned $5,078,660 in the US. Review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes scores Celebrity with a 41%'Rotten' rating from 41 reviews; the film holds a 41 on Metacritic. Janet Maslin of The New York Times observed, "Lee Simon is one of the filmmaker's wearier creations, in ways that deny Celebrity the bracing audacity of recent, better Allen films like Deconstructing Harry and Everyone Says I Love You, and with Branagh as his younger alter ego, Allen finds no way to revitalize the character's predictable worries about advancing his career and chasing beautiful women... Though Celebrity is filled with beautiful and famous faces, it has plenty of opportunity to bog down between star turns, some of the episodes about the Simons are astonishingly flat."Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times said the film "plays oddly like the loose ends and unused inspirations of other Woody Allen movies.
Some of the moments are funny. More are only smile material, a few don't work at all. Like all of Allen's films, it's smart and quirky enough that we're not bored, but we're not much delighted, either... Branagh has all the body language of comic uncertainty, he does Allen so indeed, that you wonder why Allen didn't just play the character himself."Peter Travers of Rolling Stone felt the film "suffers from lulls and lapses and one lulu of a casting gaffe, but this keenly observant spoof of the fame game is hardly the work of a burnout. At sixty-two, the Woodman can still mine caustic laughter from the darkest corners of his psyche. In Celebrity, he cracks his ringmaster's whip on a circus of rude, cathartic fun... Branagh, whether by his choice or his director's, plays Lee like a Woody impressionist, down to the nervous gestures and the stuttering whine... Lee should emerge as flawed but real in a world of gorgeous poseurs. Instead, Branagh's party-trick performance keeps audiences at a distance.
What saves the day is the steady march of scintillating cameos from actors who bring out the best in Allen's barbed dialogue."Edward Guthmann of the San Francisco Chronicle stated, "Branagh stammers, bobs his head and runs the gamut of other established Woody tics and mannerisms - delivering nervous shtick where a performance would have sufficed. His novelty act belongs in the same bin with his hammy histrionics in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein... The irony of Celebrity is that so much of it is admirably acted and directed. Despite his one-note obsessions, Allen is a fine director whose stories clip along, whose dialogue sparkles and whose actors look grateful for the luxury of his words."Todd McCarthy of Variety called the film "a once-over-lightly rehash of stale Allen themes and motifs" and added, "The spectacle of Kenneth Branagh and Judy Davis doing over-the-top Woody Allen impersonations creates a neurotic energy meltdown... Branagh is embarrassing as he flails and gesticulates in a manner that suggests a direct imitation of Allen himself...
For her part, Davis was brilliant in Husbands and Wives and has appeared in other Allen films, but she not only overdoes the neurotic posturing this time but is miscast... Annoyingly mannered in performance as well as tiresomely familiar in the way it trots out its angst-ridden urban characters' problems, has a hastily conceived, patchwork feel, leavened by some lively supporting turns and the presence of so many attractive people onscreen."Neil Norman of London Evening Standard noted that "many scenes, indeed personalities, lack the credence of similar shots in Annie Hall, Manhattan or Stardust Memories. Judy Davis's doorstepping television interviews in the Jean-Georges restaurant where she encounters several well-heeled New Yorkers, including Donald Trump are frankly risible.
Men in Black (1997 film)
Men in Black is a 1997 American science-fiction action/comedy film directed by Barry Sonnenfeld, produced by Walter F. Parkes and Laurie MacDonald, written by Ed Solomon. Loosely adapted from The Men in Black comic book series created by Lowell Cunningham and Sandy Carruthers, the film stars Tommy Lee Jones and Will Smith as two agents of a secret organization called the Men in Black, who supervise extraterrestrial lifeforms who live on Earth and hide their existence from ordinary humans; the film featured the creature effects and makeup of Rick Baker and visual effects by Industrial Light & Magic. The film was released on July 2, 1997 by Columbia Pictures and grossed over $589.3 million worldwide against a $90 million budget, becoming the year's third highest-grossing film, with an estimated 54,616,700 tickets sold in the US. It received worldwide acclaim, with critics praising its witty, sophisticated humor, thematic profundity, action scenes and Smith's performances, special effects and Danny Elfman's musical score.
The film received three Academy Award nominations: Best Art Direction, Best Original Score, Best Makeup, winning the latter award. The film spawned two sequels, Men in Black II and Men in Black 3, a spin-off film Men in Black: International and an 1997-2001 animated series. After a government agency makes first contact with aliens in 1961, alien refugees live in secret on Earth by disguising themselves as humans in the New York metropolitan area. Men in Black is a secret agency that polices these aliens, protects Earth from intergalactic threats and uses memory-erasing neuralyzers to keep alien activity a secret. Men in Black agents have their former identities erased and retired agents are neuralyzed and given new identities. After an operation to arrest an alien criminal near the Mexican border by agents K and D, D decides that he is too old for his job to which K neuralyzes him and begins looking for a new partner. New York Police Department officer James Darrell Edwards III pursues a supernaturally fast and agile suspect into the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.
Men in Black agent K interviews James about his encounter neuralyzes him and leaves him a business card with an address. Edwards undergoes a series of tests, for which he finds unusual solutions. While the other candidates are neuralyzed, K offers Edwards a position with the Men in Black. Edwards accepts and his identity is erased, becoming Agent J, the newest Men in Black recruit. In upstate New York, an alien illegally crash-lands on Earth and kills a farmer named Edgar to use his skin as a disguise; the alien kills two aliens disguised as humans. He finds only diamonds inside. After learning about the incident in a tabloid magazine, K investigates the crash landing and concludes that Edgar's skin was taken by a "bug", a species of aggressive cockroach-like aliens, he and J head to a morgue to examine the bodies. Inside one body they discover a dying Arquillian alien, who says that "to prevent war, the galaxy is on Orion's belt"; the alien, who used the name Rosenberg, was a member of the Arquillian royal family.
Men in Black informant Frank the Pug, an alien disguised as a pug, explains that the missing galaxy is a massive energy source housed in a small jewel. J deduces that the galaxy is hanging on the collar of Rosenberg's cat Orion, which refuses to leave the body at the morgue. J and K arrive just as the bug kidnaps the coroner, Laurel Weaver. An Arquillian battleship fires a warning shot in the Arctic and delivers an ultimatum to Men in Black: return the galaxy within a "galactic standard week", or an hour of Earth time, or they will destroy Earth; the bug arrives at the observation towers of the 1964-1965 New York World's Fair New York State Pavilion at Flushing Meadows, which disguise two flying saucers, where Laurel escapes its clutches. It escapes on one saucer; the bug swallows J and K's guns. K provokes it; the bug tries to escape on the other ship, but J slows it down by taunting it and crushing cockroaches, angering it. K blows the bug apart from the inside. J and K recover the galaxy and relax, thinking the whole ordeal over, only for the still living bug to prepare to pounce on them from behind but Laurel blows it up with J's gun.
At Men in Black headquarters, K tells J that he has not been training him as a partner but a replacement. K bids J farewell. Clint Eastwood turned down the part, while Jones only accepted the role after Steven Spielberg promised the script would improve, based on his respect for Spielberg's track record, he had been disappointed with the first draft, which he said "stank". Will Smith as James Darrell Edwards III/Agent J: A former NYPD member, newly recruited to the MIB. Smith was cast because Barry Sonnenfeld's wife was a fan of The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air. Sonnenfeld liked his performance in Six Degrees of Separation. Chris O'Donnell turned down the role because he found the role of a new recruit too similar to Dick Grayson, whom he played in Batman Forever and Batman & Robin. David Schwimmer turned down the part. Like Jones, Smith said he accepted the role after meeting with Spielberg and cited his success as a producer. Linda Fiorentino as Dr. Laurel Weaver/Agent L: A deputy medical examiner who has had a few run-
Blue Steel (1990 film)
Blue Steel is a 1990 American action thriller film directed by Kathryn Bigelow, starring Jamie Lee Curtis, Ron Silver and Clancy Brown. The film was set to be released by Vestron Pictures and its offshoot label Lightning Pictures, but it was released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer which acquired the film due to Vestron's financial problems and eventual bankruptcy. Megan Turner is a rookie NYPD patrol officer who shoots and kills a suspect with her service revolver while he's holding up a neighborhood market; the suspect's.44 Magnum Smith & Wesson Model 29 handgun lands on the floor of the market in the shopping area as the suspect is blown backward through the front window. As she continues to the checkout area, Turner nearly steps on the suspect's handgun directly in front of Eugene Hunt, a psychopathic commodities trader. Unnoticed, Hunt takes the gun and slips away, using it to commit several bloody and brutal murders over the next few days; because the robber's weapon was not found at the scene, Turner is accused of killing an unarmed man.
While she attempts to clear her name with Assistant Chief Stanley Hoyt and her superiors, Hunt begins to date the suspended Turner, with whom he has become obsessed. One night, he reveals that he was in the supermarket at the time of the hold-up, that he left with the perpetrator's gun, he implies that he is the person behind the recent killings. Turner arrests him but he is freed by his attorney, Mel Dawson, due to a lack of hard evidence. Turner fights to solve the murders with the help of Detective Nick Mann. Hunt turns up at her apartment and kills her best friend, before rendering Turner unconscious; this causes Turner to have an emotional breakdown. She goes to Hunt's apartment with Mann to arrest him, but Hunt's attorney prevents her from doing so and threatens to have her fired. Seeking comfort from her mother, Turner visits her family home, an uncomfortable place because her father physically abused her mother throughout her childhood; when she arrives, she finds. Enraged, Turner handcuffs her father and drives off with him to talk, in an attempt to put an end to his abuse.
When they return to the house, Hunt is sitting with her mother. A tense exchange takes place between the two; when he leaves, she follows him to his apartment. The next morning, Turner follows Hunt to the park. Mann interrupts another standoff between Hunt and Turner, Hunt runs off. Believing that he will return for the murder weapon, they stake out the park. Turner assumes it is Hunt searching for the gun, she leaves the car to apprehend him, but not before handcuffing Mann to the steering wheel to prevent him from following her. The flashlight turns out to be a ruse: Hunt paid a homeless person to hold it. Back at the car, Hunt is about to kill him. Turner fires her gun, shooting him in the arm. Mann and Turner return to her apartment, where unbeknownst to them, Hunt is patching up his wound in her bathroom. Turner and Mann sleep together. Mann is ambushed by Hunt. Turner doesn't hear the shot. Hunt attacks and rapes her, she shoots him, but he flees. Mann is unconscious and taken to the hospital. Determined to find Hunt and finish him off, Turner shoots and kills him after a long and violent confrontation in the middle of Wall Street and a bullet wound to her shoulder.
She is taken away in an ambulance. Jamie Lee Curtis as Megan Turner Ron Silver as Eugene Hunt Clancy Brown as Nick Mann Elizabeth Peña as Tracy Louise Fletcher as Shirley Turner Philip Bosco as Frank Turner Richard Jenkins as Dawson Kevin Dunn as Asst. Chief Stanley Hoyt Tom Sizemore as Robber Mary Mara as Wife Skipp Lynch as Instructor Mike Hodge as Police Commissioner Mike Starr as Superintendant The film gained mixed to positive reviews, garnering a "fresh" 71% rating on rotten tomatoes based on 21 reviews. Film critic Roger Ebert compared it to John Carpenter's Halloween, noting: "Blue Steel is a sophisticated update of Halloween, the movie that first made Jamie Lee Curtis a star. What makes it more interesting than yet another sequel to Halloween is the way the filmmakers have fleshed out the formula with intriguing characters and a few angry ideas." Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B-" on an A+ to F scale. The film was not a box office success. List of films featuring home invasions Blue Steel on IMDb Blue Steel at Box Office Mojo Blue Steel at Rotten Tomatoes
Lorenzo's Oil is a 1992 American drama film directed by George Miller. It is based on the true story of Augusto and Michaela Odone, two parents in a relentless search for a cure for their son Lorenzo's adrenoleukodystrophy, it was filmed from September 1991 to February 1992 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The film had a limited release in North America on December 30, 1992, with a nationwide release two weeks on January 15, 1993, it was well received by the critics and received two nominations at the 65th Academy Awards but was a box office bomb, grossing only $7.2 million against its $30 million budget. Lorenzo is a bright and vibrant young boy living in the Comoro Islands, as his father Augusto works for the World Bank and is stationed there. However, when his parents relocate back to the United States, he begins to show signs of neurological problems; the boy is diagnosed as having adrenoleukodystrophy, fatal within two years. Failing to find a doctor capable of treating their son's rare disease Augusto and his wife, set out on a mission to find a treatment to save their son.
In their quest, the Odones clash with doctors and support groups who are skeptical that anything could be done about ALD, much less by laypeople. But they persist, setting up camp in medical libraries, reviewing animal experiments, enlisting the aid of Professor Gus Nikolais, badgering researchers, questioning top doctors all over the world, organizing an international symposium about the disease. Despite research dead-ends, the horror of watching their son's health decline and being surrounded by skeptics, they persist until they hit upon a therapy involving adding a certain kind of oil to their son's diet, they contact over 100 firms around the world until they find an elderly British chemist, Don Suddaby, working for Croda International and is willing to take on the challenge of distilling the proper formula. The oil, erucic acid, proves successful in normalizing the accumulation of the long chain fatty acids in the brain, causing their son's steady decline, thereby halting the progression of the disease.
There is still a great deal of neurological damage remaining which could not be reversed unless new treatments could be found to regenerate the myelin sheath around the nerves. The father is seen taking on the new challenge of organizing biomedical efforts to heal myelin damage in patients. Lorenzo, at the age of 14, shows definite improvement but more medical research is still needed, it is revealed that Lorenzo has regained his sight, can move his head from side to side, vocalize simple sounds and is learning to use a computer. Principal photography for Lorenzo's Oil began on September 1991 in Ben Avon, Pennsylvania. To emphasize the "Everyman" aspect of the plot, many smaller roles were played by inexperienced actors or non-actors with unusual physical features and mannerisms. For example, the poet James Merrill was noticed by a casting director at a New York public reading of his poetry, his rarefied speaking cadences were utilized in a symposium scene in which he played a questioning doctor.
The film features Allegri's Miserere, Edward Elgar's cello concerto, as well as Barber's Adagio for Strings and Mozart's Ave verum corpus K.618. The opening song is "Kijana Mwana Mwali", sung by the Gonda Traditional Entertainers. A 1960 recording of Maria Callas with the La Scala orchestra and chorus is heard singing selections from Bellini's Norma at several points; the music for the Easter Midnight Mass scene is a Russian Orthodox Church hymn, "Bogoroditse Devo" from "Three Choruses from'Tsar Feodor Ioannovich'", taken from the album Sacred Songs of Russia by Gloriae Dei Cantores. Other music include Barber's Agnus Dei and Mahler's Symphony No. 5. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun Times gave the film four out of four stars and called it an "immensely moving and challenging movie", he added, "it was impossible not to get swept up in it" and James Berardinelli of ReelViews gave it three out of four stars and claimed, "it was about the war for knowledge and the victory of hope through perseverance."Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes retrospectively collected reviews from 36 critics to give the film a score of 92%, with an average rating of 7/10, as of July 2018.
Though the film seemed to portray the events related to the boy's condition and his parents' efforts during the time period covered by the film, it was criticized for painting a picture of a miracle cure. Subsequent research with Lorenzo's oil has not proven its long-term effectiveness in treating ALD after its onset; the actual subject of the film, Lorenzo Odone, died of pneumonia in May 2008 at the age of 30, having lived two decades longer than predicted by doctors. Hugo Moser, on whom the character of Professor Nikolais was based, called the film's portrayal of that character "an abomination"; the film grossed $7,286,388 domestically with a budget of around $30 million. Lorenzo's Oil was nominated twice at the 65th Academy Awards for Best Actress in a Leading Role and Best Original Screenplay. Susan Sarandon was nominated for Best Actress in a Drama at the 50th Golden Globe Awards; the film was nominated for Best Original Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen at the WGA Awards. The film is recognized by A
In & Out (film)
In & Out is a 1997 American romantic comedy film directed by Frank Oz and starring Kevin Kline, Tom Selleck, Joan Cusack, Matt Dillon, Debbie Reynolds, Bob Newhart, Shalom Harlow, Wilford Brimley. It is an original story by screenwriter Paul Rudnick. Joan Cusack was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance; the film was inspired by Tom Hanks's tearful speech when he accepted his 1994 Oscar, in which he mentioned his high-school drama coach Rawley Farnsworth, his former classmate John Gilkerson, "two of the finest gay Americans, two wonderful men that I had the good fortune to be associated with." The film became one of mainstream Hollywood's few attempts at a comedic "gay movie" of its era, was noted at the time for a 12-second kiss between Kevin Kline and Tom Selleck. Howard Brackett is a well-liked English literature teacher, living a quiet life in the fictional town of Greenleaf, with his fiancée and fellow teacher Emily Montgomery, who lost 75 pounds.
The town is filled with anticipation over the nomination of Howard's former student Cameron Drake in the Best Actor category at the Academy Awards for his portrayal of a gay soldier in To Serve and Protect. Cameron does indeed win the award and, in his acceptance speech, thanks Howard, adding, "... and he's gay." Howard's family, students, co-workers and Emily are shocked. He angrily reassures those. Reporters invade his hometown, following the awards night telecast. Howard is placed under the scrutiny of his boss, Principal Tom Halliwell, uncomfortable with the attention being brought to the school. Although the other reporters leave after getting their story, one stays behind: on-camera entertainment reporter Peter Malloy, who wants to wait the week out so he can cover Howard's wedding to Emily. Howard continues to be harassed and dismayed by the changed attitudes of everyone around him, decides that he must sleep with Emily in order to prove his heterosexuality. Howard finds he cannot go through with it due to his conflicting emotions and Emily's concern for his well-being.
Howard crosses paths with Peter, who reveals he is gay and, trying to provide a helpful ear, narrates his own experience in coming out to his family. Howard insists. Although shocked, Howard reacts somewhat positively to the kiss. Howard's final measure to restore his heterosexuality is the use of a self-help audio cassette, although that fails as well. During the wedding ceremony, Emily recites her vow without hesitation, but when Howard is prompted by the minister, he instead says, "I'm gay." The wedding is called off, although Peter is proud of Howard, Howard is angry with himself for hurting Emily. Howard is fired from the school because of his outing. Despite no longer being on the faculty, Howard attends the graduation ceremony to support his students; when one student who got into college—thanks to Howard's hard work—learns that he was dismissed for being gay, he and his classmates proclaim themselves to be gay as well, showing their support. Howard's family follows suit, as do his friends, all the townsfolk assembled.
Having learned of the ensuing media blitz while in Los Angeles, Cameron flies to his hometown with his supermodel girlfriend to support his former teacher. Although Howard does not win "Teacher of the Year", Cameron presents him with his Oscar. Howard's wedding-crazy mother gets a wedding—her own, when she and her husband renew their vows. Howard and the rest of the townsfolk attend the reception. Among the crowd are Emily and Cameron, who appear to have begun a relationship. Everyone dances to the Village People's song "Macho Man". According to Frank Oz, production had to be stopped temporarily because "we all got sick...because we all got the flu." Oz and Wilford Brimley did not get along during production, however neither of them have elaborated on what caused the friction between the two. Selected for its "beautiful auditorium, a great gymnasium" and other aesthetic qualities, the Pompton Lakes High School in Pompton Lakes, New Jersey was used extensively as a filming location for In & Out.
At first, Frank Oz asked Miles Goodman to do the music for Out. Goodman, who composed several of Oz's previous films, died. A soundtrack was released on Tuesday, September 23, 1997, featuring recorded songs as well as Marc Shaiman's instrumental music composed for the film. "I Will Survive" - Diana Ross "Wedding Preparations" "Everything's Coming up Roses" - Ethel Merman "'To Serve and Protect'" "Howard Is Outed" "The Morning After" "The Bachelor Party" "Interviews with Townsfolk" "Homosection" "I Don't" "Mom & Dad" "Cameron & Emily" "Crazy" - Patsy Cline "Teacher of the Year/People/The Wedding" "Macho Man" - Village People The film was well received by critics. The performances were praised those of Cusack, who earned an Oscar nod, Kline; the film gained attention for depicting homosexuality in a "mainstream" comedy about "Middle America" which, Rita Kempley Howe wrote in The Washington Post, "manages to flaunt and flout gay stereotypes." Critics noted its asexual treatment of homosexuality: Janet Maslin commented in The New York Times that the film is not one "to associate gayness with actual sex," while T
Stephen Edwin King is an American author of horror, supernatural fiction, science fiction, fantasy. His books have sold more than 350 million copies, many of which have been adapted into feature films, television series, comic books. King has published six non-fiction books, he has written 200 short stories, most of which have been published in book collections. King has received Bram Stoker Awards, World Fantasy Awards, British Fantasy Society Awards. In 2003, the National Book Foundation awarded him the Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters, he has received awards for his contribution to literature for his entire oeuvre, such as the World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement, the Grand Master Award from the Mystery Writers of America. In 2015, King was awarded with a National Medal of Arts from the United States National Endowment for the Arts for his contributions to literature, he has been described as the "King of Horror". King was born September 1947, in Portland, Maine, his father, Donald Edwin King, was a merchant seaman.
Donald was born under the surname Pollock, but as an adult, used the surname King. King's mother was Nellie Ruth; when Stephen King was two years old, his father left the family. King's mother raised Stephen and his older brother, David, by herself, sometimes under great financial strain; the family moved to De Pere, Fort Wayne and Stratford, Connecticut. When King was 11, his family returned to Durham, where his mother cared for her parents until their deaths, she became a caregiver in a local residential facility for the mentally challenged. King lost his belief in organized religion while in high school. While no longer religious, King chooses to believe in the existence of God; as a child, King witnessed one of his friends being struck and killed by a train, though he has no memory of the event. His family told him that after leaving home to play with the boy, King returned, speechless and in shock. Only did the family learn of the friend's death; some commentators have suggested that this event may have psychologically inspired some of King's darker works, but King makes no mention of it in his memoir On Writing.
King related in detail his primary inspiration for writing horror fiction in his non-fiction Danse Macabre, in a chapter titled "An Annoying Autobiographical Pause." King compares his uncle's dowsing for water using the bough of an apple branch with the sudden realization of what he wanted to do for a living. That inspiration occurred while browsing through an attic with his elder brother, when King uncovered a paperback version of an H. P. Lovecraft collection of short stories he remembers as The Lurker in the Shadows, that had belonged to his father. King told Barnes & Noble Studios during a 2009 interview, "I knew that I'd found home when I read that book."King attended Durham Elementary School and graduated from Lisbon Falls High School, in Lisbon Falls, Maine. He displayed an early interest in horror as an avid reader of EC's horror comics, including Tales from the Crypt, he began writing for fun while still in school, contributing articles to Dave's Rag, the newspaper his brother published with a mimeograph machine, began selling to his friends stories based on movies he had seen.
The first of his stories to be independently published was "I Was a Teenage Grave Robber". That story was published the following year in a revised form as "In a Half-World of Terror" in another fanzine, Stories of Suspense, edited by Marv Wolfman; as a teen, King won a Scholastic Art and Writing Award. From 1966, King studied at the University of Maine, graduating in 1970 with a Bachelor of Arts in English; that year, his daughter Naomi Rachel was born. He wrote a column, Steve King's Garbage Truck, for the student newspaper, The Maine Campus, participated in a writing workshop organized by Burton Hatlen. King held a variety of jobs to pay for his studies, including janitor, gas pump attendant, worker at an industrial laundry. King met his future wife, fellow student Tabitha Spruce, at the University's Fogler Library after one of Professor Hatlen's workshops. King sold his first professional short story, "The Glass Floor," to Startling Mystery Stories in 1967. After graduating from the University of Maine, King earned a certificate to teach high school but, unable to find a teaching post initially supplemented his laboring wage by selling short stories to men's magazines such as Cavalier.
Many of these early stories have been republished in the collection Night Shift. The short story The Raft was published in a men's magazine. After being arrested for driving over a traffic cone, he was fined $250 and had no money to pay the petty larceny fine. However, payment arrived for the short story The Raft, King was able to pay the fine. In 1971, King was hired as a teacher at Hampden Academy in Maine, he worked on ideas for novels. In 1973, King's novel Carrie was accepted by publishing house Doubleday. Carrie was King's fourth novel, it was written on a portable typewriter. The novel began as a short story intended for Cavalier magazine, but King tossed the first three pages of his work in the garbage can. Tabith
Star Trek: Voyager
Star Trek: Voyager is an American science fiction television series created by Rick Berman, Michael Piller, Jeri Taylor. It aired between January 16, 1995 and May 23, 2001 on UPN, lasting for 172 episodes over seven seasons; the fifth series in the Star Trek franchise, it served as the fourth sequel to Star Trek: The Original Series. Set in the 24th century, when Earth is part of a United Federation of Planets, it follows the adventures of the Starfleet vessel USS Voyager, as it attempts to return home after being stranded in the Delta Quadrant on the far side of the Milky Way galaxy. Paramount Pictures commissioned the series following the termination of Star Trek: The Next Generation to accompany their ongoing Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, they wanted it to help launch their new network, UPN. Berman and Taylor devised the series to chronologically overlap with Deep Space Nine and to continue themes—namely the complex relationship between Starfleet and ex-Federation colonists known as the Maquis—which had been introduced in The Next Generation and Deep Space Nine.
Voyager was the first Star Trek series to include CGI technology for space scenes and the first to feature a female captain, Kathryn Janeway, as the lead character. Berman served as head executive producer in charge of the overall production, assisted by a series of executive producers: Piller, Brannon Braga, Kenneth Biller. Being set in a different part of the galaxy to preceding Star Trek shows, Voyager gave the series' writers space to introduce new alien species as recurring characters, namely the Kazon, Vidiians and Species 8472. During the seasons, the Borg—a species created for The Next Generation—were introduced as the main antagonists. During Voyager's run, various episode novelisations and tie-in video games were produced; as Star Trek: The Next Generation ended, Paramount Pictures wanted to continue to have a second Star Trek TV series to accompany Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. The studio planned to start a new television network, wanted the new series to help it succeed; this was reminiscent of Paramount's earlier plans to launch its own network by showcasing Star Trek: Phase II in 1977.
Initial work on Star Trek: Voyager began in 1993, when the seventh and final season of Star Trek: The Next Generation and the second season of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine were in production. Seeds for Voyager's backstory, including the development of the Maquis, were placed in several The Next Generation and Deep Space Nine episodes. Voyager was shot on the stages The Next Generation had used, where the Voyager pilot "Caretaker" was shot in September 1994. Costume designer Robert Blackman decided that the uniforms of Voyager's crew would be the same as those on Deep Space Nine. Star Trek: Voyager was the first Star Trek series to use computer-generated imagery, rather than models, for exterior space shots. Babylon 5 and seaQuest DSV had used CGI to avoid the expense of models, but the Star Trek television department continued using models because they felt they were more realistic. Amblin Imaging won an Emmy for Voyager's opening CGI title visuals, but the weekly episode exteriors were captured with hand-built miniatures of Voyager, its shuttlecraft, other ships.
This changed when Voyager went CGI for certain types of shots midway through season three. Foundation Imaging was the studio responsible for special effects during Babylon 5's first three seasons. Season three's "The Swarm". Star Trek: Deep Space Nine began using Foundation Imaging in conjunction with Digital Muse in season six. In its seasons, Voyager featured visual effects from Foundation Imaging and Digital Muse; the digital effects were produced at television resolution and some have speculated that it cannot be re-released in HD format without re-creating the special effects. However, Enterprise has been released in HD, but the special effects were rendered in 480p and upscaled. In the pilot episode, "Caretaker", USS Voyager departs the Deep Space Nine space station on a mission into the treacherous Badlands, they are searching for a missing ship piloted by a team of Maquis rebels, which Voyager's security officer, the Vulcan Lieutenant Tuvok, has secretly infiltrated. While in the Badlands, Voyager is enveloped by a powerful energy wave that kills several of its crew, damages the ship, strands it in the galaxy's Delta Quadrant, more than 70,000 light-years from Earth.
The wave was not a natural phenomenon. In fact, it was used by an alien entity known as the Caretaker to pull Voyager into the Delta Quadrant; the Caretaker is responsible for the continued care of the Ocampa, a race of aliens native to the Delta Quadrant, has been abducting other species from around the galaxy in an effort to find a successor. The Maquis ship was pulled into the Delta Quadrant, the two crews reluctantly agree to join forces after the Caretaker space station is destroyed in a pitched space battle with another local alien species, the Kazon. Chakotay, leader of the Maquis group, becomes Voyager's first officer. B'Elanna Torres, a half-human/half-Klingon Maquis, becomes chief engineer. Tom Paris, whom Janeway released from a Federation prison to help find the Maquis ship, is made Voyager's helm officer. Due to the deaths of the ship's entire medical staff, the Doctor, an emergency medical hologram designed only for short-term use, is employed as the ship's full-time chief medical officer.
Delta Quadrant natives Neelix, a Talaxian scavenger, Kes, a young Ocampa, are welcomed aboard as the ship's chef/morale officer and the doctor's medical assistant, respectively. Due to its great distance from Federation s