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Becky Bell

Rebecca Suzanne "Becky" Bell was an American teenage girl who died of complications from a septic abortion. After becoming pregnant, Bell inquired about a legal abortion but was hindered by Indiana state laws which required either her parents' consent or a waiver from a judge. Instead, Bell either obtained an illegal abortion or attempted to self-abort, leading to a fatal infection; the coroner found that Bell died of sepsis as a consequence of an unsterile abortion, a finding, subsequently disputed by the anti-abortion movement. Following Bell's death, her parents became advocates for the repeal of parental-consent laws. Bell discovered she was pregnant in 1988, she went to a Planned Parenthood clinic in Indiana seeking an abortion. There she was told that state law required consent from her parents for the procedure and that most minors in her area traveled to Louisville 100 miles away, to avoid parental disclosure, she had the option of going before a judge to argue for a waiver of parental consent, but feared that her parents would find out.

Bell considered having an abortion in Kentucky, carrying to term and placing the baby for adoption, or running away to California. On a Saturday night in September 1988, Bell left her house, telling her parents that she was going to a party, she came home ill, in tears. Her illness worsened over the next few days but she would not seek medical attention, her parents forced her to see their family physician who diagnosed severe pneumonia and had her hospitalized. She died on September 16, 1988. Bell's autopsy revealed fetal matter and evidence of infection in her genital tract, but no evidence of internal injury or marks on the cervix; the official cause of death was attributed to septic abortion complicated by pneumonia. The county coroner and pathologist both told the press that the abortion and infection were most caused by the use of unsterile instruments during an illegal abortion procedure. After Bell's death, her parents found among Bell's possessions contact information for abortion clinics in nearby Kentucky, which did not have parental consent laws, but there was no record of her visiting a Kentucky clinic.

It remains unclear whether Bell induced the abortion herself. Following Bell's death, her parents and Karen Bell, campaigned against parental consent laws, which they blamed for their daughter's death; the Bells worked with the Feminist Majority Foundation, which credited them with helping to turn public opinion against a parental-notification law in Oregon. The Bells worked against proposed parental notification laws in Colorado in 1998. In 2006 they testified before the Michigan House of Representatives in opposition to a pending parental consent law. In response to the Bells' lobbying efforts, anti-abortion groups argued that the autopsy showed no signs of trauma or infection in the cervix or uterus and claimed that Bell most died of pneumonia which led to an incomplete miscarriage. In coverage of this debate on 60 Minutes, Morley Safer characterized the anti-abortion movement's response as an attack on "the Bells' motives and the character of their dead daughter". In the 60 Minutes interview, John C.

Willke, a retired physician and then-president of the National Right to Life Committee, maintained that Bell had a "normal miscarriage" rather than an induced abortion. Willke claimed support for his view from independent experts, although 60 Minutes found that at least one expert cited by Willke had in fact not reviewed the autopsy and did not feel qualified to comment on it. Willke's opinion was disputed on the program by John Pless, a forensic pathologist associated with Bell's autopsy, who affirmed his finding that she most had an illegal abortion. On August 15, 1992, HBO aired an episode of Lifestories: Families in Crisis based on Bell's death, entitled "Public Law 106: The Becky Bell Story". Dina Spybey portrayed Becky Bell, Debra Monk portrayed Karen Bell and Craig Wasson portrayed Bill Bell. Spirit of'73: Rock For Choice is a 1995 compilation album issued by 550 Music/Epic Records; the album was put together by the activist group Feminist Majority and the liner notes state that the proceeds of the album went to supporting the Becky Bell/Rosie Jimenez Campaign "to lift consent laws and federal funding restrictions that are forcing young women to turn to back-alley abortions".

Abortion in the United States Rosie Jimenez Gerri Santoro Bill and Karen Bell story at the National Abortion Federation IMDb: Lifestories: Families in Crisis

Arrondissement of Lesparre-M├ędoc

The arrondissement of Lesparre-Médoc is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 49 communes, its population is 89,098, its area is 2,274.4 km2. The communes of the arrondissement of Lesparre-Médoc, their INSEE codes, are: The arrondissement of Lesparre-Médoc was created in 1800, disbanded in 1926 and restored in 1942. At the May 2006 reorganisation of the arrondissements of Gironde, it gained the canton of Castelnau-de-Médoc from the arrondissement of Bordeaux; as a result of the reorganisation of the cantons of France which came into effect in 2015, the borders of the cantons are no longer related to the borders of the arrondissements. The cantons of the arrondissement of Lesparre-Médoc were, as of January 2015: Castelnau-de-Médoc Lesparre-Médoc Pauillac Saint-Laurent-Médoc Saint-Vivien-de-Médoc 1804-1814: Jean-Baptiste Cavaignac de Lalande 1819-1830: Jean-Baptiste Cavaignac de Lalande

Inert gas

An inert gas is a gas that does not undergo chemical reactions under a set of given conditions. The noble gases do not react with many substances and were referred to as the inert gases. Inert gases are used to avoid unwanted chemical reactions degrading a sample; these undesirable chemical reactions are oxidation and hydrolysis reactions with the oxygen and moisture in air. The term inert gas is context-dependent because several of the noble gases can be made to react under certain conditions. Purified argon and nitrogen gases are most used as inert gases due to their high natural abundance and low relative cost. Unlike noble gases, an inert gas is not elemental and is a compound gas. Like the noble gases, the tendency for non-reactivity is due to the valence, the outermost electron shell, being complete in all the inert gases; this is a tendency, not a rule, as other "inert" gases can react to form compounds. The group 8 elements include helium, argon, krypton and radon, they are referred to inert gases.

The general configuration of the valence shell is ns2np6. All of these elements occur in a free state in the atmosphere, they are colourless and odorless gases. They exhibit low boiling points, they have high positive electron gain high ionization enthalpy. The inert gases are obtained by fractional distillation of air, with the exception of helium, separated from a few natural gas sources rich in this element, through cryogenic distillation or membrane separation. For specialized applications, purified inert gas shall be produced by specialized generators on-site, they are used by chemical tankers and product carriers (smaller not a big as well as the tendency of inert gases vesselshtop specialized generators are available for laboratories. Because of the non-reactive properties of inert gases they are useful to prevent undesirable chemical reactions from taking place. Food is packed in inert gas to remove oxygen gas; this prevents bacteria from growing. It prevents chemical oxidation by oxygen in normal air.

An example is the rancidification of edible oils. In food packaging, inert gases are used as a passive preservative, in contrast to active preservatives like sodium benzoate or BHT. Historical documents may be stored under an inert gas to avoid degradation. For example, the original documents of the U. S. Constitution are stored under humidified argon. Helium was used, but it was less suitable because it diffuses out of the case more than argon. Inert gases are used in the chemical industry. In a chemical manufacturing plant, reactions can be conducted under inert gas to minimize fire hazards or unwanted reactions. In such plants and in oil refineries, transfer lines and vessels can be purged with inert gas as a fire and explosion prevention measure. At the bench scale, chemists perform experiments on air-sensitive compounds using air-free techniques developed to handle them under inert gas. Helium, argon, krypton and radon are inert gases. Inert gas is produced on board crude oil carriers by using either a flue gas system or by burning kerosene in a dedicated inert gas generator.

The inert gas system is used to prevent the atmosphere in cargo tanks or bunkers from coming into the explosive range. Inert gases keep the oxygen content of the tank atmosphere below 5%, thus making any air/hydrocarbon gas mixture in the tank too rich to ignite. Inert gases are most important during discharging and during the ballast voyage when more hydrocarbon vapor is to be present in the tank atmosphere. Inert gas can be used to purge the tank of the volatile atmosphere in preparation for gas freeing - replacing the atmosphere with breathable air - or vice versa; the flue gas system uses the boiler exhaust as its source, so it is important that the fuel/air ratio in the boiler burners is properly regulated to ensure that high quality inert gases are produced. Too much air would result in an oxygen content exceeding 5%, too much fuel oil would result in carryover of dangerous hydrocarbon gas; the flue gas is cooled by the scrubber tower. Various safety devices prevent overpressure, the return of hydrocarbon gas to the engine room, or having a supply of IG with too high oxygen content.

Gas tankers and product carriers cannot rely on flue gas systems and so use inert gas generators instead. The inert gas generator consists of a combustion chamber and scrubber unit supplied by fans and a refrigeration unit which cools the gas. A drier in series with the system removes moisture from the gas. Cargo tanks on gas carriers are not inerted; this arrangement allows the tanks to be kept cool using a small heel of cargo while the vessel is in ballast while retaining the explosion protection provided by the inert gas. Inert gas is produced on board military aircraft in order to passivate fuel tanks. On hot days, fuel vapor in fuel tanks may otherwise form a flammable or explosive mixture which if oxidized, could have catastrophic consequences. Conventionally, Air Separation Modules have been used to generate inert gas. ASMs contain selectively permeable membranes, they are fed compressed air. For fuel tank passivation, it is not necessary to remove all oxygen, but rather enough to stay below the lean flammability limit and the lean explosion limit.

In gas tun

San Jose and Randall station

San Jose and Randall is a light rail stop on the Muni Metro J Church line, located in the median of San Jose Avenue at the north end of the Bernal Cut in the Bernal Heights neighborhood of San Francisco, California. The stop has each with an accessible mini-high platform. J Church and N Judah trains began using the extension of the J Church line along San Jose Avenue for carhouse moves on August 31, 1991. Although these trips were open to passengers, the extension and its stops did not open for full-time service until June 19, 1993. In March 2014, Muni released details of the proposed implementation of their Transit Effectiveness Project, which included a variety of stop changes for the J Church line. No changes were proposed for San Randall. Media related to San Jose and Randall station at Wikimedia Commons SFMTA: San Jose Ave & Randall St inbound and outbound SF Bay Transit: San Jose Ave & Randall St

Burden of Dreams

Burden of Dreams is a 1982 "making-of" documentary film directed by Les Blank, shot during and about the chaotic production of Werner Herzog's 1982 film Fitzcarraldo, filmed on location in the jungles of Peru. Throughout production, director Les Blank and his small crew became exhausted and exasperated from the stress of the work. Blank said that he felt “unconnected to the people around me”. Keeping up with the antics of Herzog and Klaus Kinski proved difficult for the reserved, introverted Blank. By the last week of production, he was so burnt out that he feared coming out of production "like some Viet Nam veterans, horribly calloused", he wrote in his journal, "I'm tired of it all and I couldn't care less if they move the stupid ship – or finish the fucking film". Blank would ask Herzog to repeat statements while being filmed that he made off-camera. In a 2009 interview with Jesse Pearson for Vice magazine, Blank was asked to recall a scene in the documentary showing Herzog delivering a monologue about the violence and destruction of the jungle around him.

Blank says that the scene took place in the middle of a canoe ride, away from cameras, but he liked the speech enough to coax it out of Herzog again. "When the moment was right," Blank told Vice, "I pulled him aside and said,'Can I do a little interview?' And he said,'Sure.' Goodwin led him around to something. That's how we got the speech." Roger Ebert awarded the film a full four stars, writing that "Blank is unafraid to ask difficult questions and portray Herzog and all."The film received the 1983 British Academy Film Award for Best Documentary and was named Best of Festival at the San Francisco Film Festival the same year. The film poster was created by Montana artist Monte Dolack; the Academy Film Archive preserved Burden of Dreams in 1999. Other documentaries about troubled movie productions: Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse, about the making of Apocalypse Now Lost Soul, about the making of the 1996 version of The Island of Dr. Moreau Lost in La Mancha, about the failed attempt to make The Man Who Killed Don Quixote Burden of Dreams on IMDb Burden of Dreams at AllMovie Burden of Dreams at Rotten Tomatoes Burden of Dreams: In Dreams Begin Responsibilities an essay by Paul Arthur at the Criterion Collection The captions of Burden of Dreams at CSwap - Browsable and searchable

Kim Ji-hyun (badminton)

Kim Ji-hyun known as Jihyun Marr, is a former South Korean badminton player. She participated at the 2000 Summer Olympics in the women's singles event. Kim who affiliated with the Samsung Electro-Mechanics team, won the women's singles title at the National Championships tournament in 1997 and 1998, she announced her retirement from the international tournament after the 2001 Korea Open. She was a former coach at the BWF training academy in Saarbrucken joined the New Zealand and Indian national team. Earlier in 2019, she helped India get its first gold in BWF World Championships in Basel where P. V. Sindhu became India's first badminton player to become World Champion, she worked as a coach for Indian national team until September 2019 when she resigned to take care of her ailing husband. Women's singles Women's singles Girls' singles The World Badminton Grand Prix sanctioned by International Badminton Federation since 1983. Women's singles Women's singles Women's doubles Kim Ji-hyun at BWF.tournamentsoftware.com Kim Ji-hyun at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com