Beechcraft Queen Air
The Beechcraft Queen Air is a twin-engined light aircraft produced by Beechcraft in several versions from 1960 to 1978. Based upon the Twin Bonanza, with which it shared key components such as wings and tail surfaces, but featuring a larger fuselage, it served as the basis for the successful King Air series of turboprop aircraft, it is used as a private aircraft, a utility, or a small commuter airliner. Production ran for 17 years; the company's Twin Bonanza was reaching the limits of development so Beechcraft decided to develop a design with a larger fuselage and new tail which it designated the Beech 65. Early in development the United States Army, a customer of the Twin Bonanza, order 68 aircraft under the designation L-23F; the prototype Beech 65 first flew on August 28, 1958. The Queen Air is a twin-engined nine-seat low-wing cantilever cabin monoplane with a retractable landing gear with a nose wheel, it was powered by two 340 hp Lycoming IGSO-480 six-cylinder, horizontally opposed piston engine.
The Model 65 received a Federal Aviation Authority type certificate on February 4, 1959 and the first deliveries were made soon after. On February 8, 1960 a Queen Air achieved a new height record of 34,862 feet; the basic Model 65 was in production until 1967 when the improved Model A65 with a swept rather than vertical tail was introduced. Production continued with further variants introducing turboprop engines; this is the Queen Air powered by two Lycoming IGSO-480s producing 340 hp with a 1400-hour TBO. It had a gross weight of 7,700 lb with useful loads around 2,000 lb, it is recognized by its straight unswept tail. Referred to as a "straight 65". Produced from 1960 to 1966. First produced in 1967 the A65 is similar to the straight 65; the major change was the addition of a swept tail giving the aircraft a much more modern appearance. Available fuel was increased to 264 gal with the extended wing; the Lyc. IGSO480 engines produced 340 HP @ 3400 rpm with 48 inches of manifold pressure; the gross weight was increased to 8200 lbs.
A few models were produced with a cargo door, next to the airstair door with provided a 48-inch opening. Production ended in 1971; this aircraft was used in Canada by Perimeter Airlines from 1968 to 1998. Introduced in 1968; this aircraft is similar to the A65 in that it is powered by the 340 hp Lycoming IGSO-480, however it has the longer wing of the 80 series. This allows the 70 to have a greater lifting ability than the 65 but a lower fuel burn than the 80, it is an A65 with the B80 wing. Its gross weight is 8,200 lb and useful loads. Production ended in 1971. First flying on June 22, 1961 and certified on February 20, 1962, the Queen Air 80 was the first of the Queen Airs to have the more modern swept tail, it was powered by a larger Lycoming IGSO-540. Gross weight on the 80 is 8,000 lb; the Queen Air A80 was introduced in 1964, had a new wing, wingspan increasing from 45 feet 10 1⁄2 inches to 50 feet 3 inches. Other major changes to the A80 included a redesign of the aircraft nose, a 500-pound increase in takeoff weight to 8,500 lb gross weight.
Introduced in 1966 the B80 was to be the final production model. The B80 was by far the longest produced Queen Air with production lasting some 12 years, its major improvement was the increased gross weight to a 8,800 lb. This gave the B80 a useful load of well over 3,000 lb. Production ended in 1978. Introduced in 1965 the model 88 is a pressurized version of the Queen Air; this aircraft featured round cabin windows that make the 88 look quite similar to a 90 series King Air. It shares the engines and long wing of the B80. Sales were slack due to its higher sales price and lower useful load as compared to the B80. Only 47 examples were produced of which two were converted to King Air standard and the model 88 aircraft was removed from production in 1969; the first two models of the King Air's official designation were BE65-90 and BE65-A90 owing to its Queen Air heritage. This is a modification performed in the aftermarket by supplemental type certificates to the BE65, it resolves the biggest issue of the engines.
This is accomplished by replacing the rather cantankerous six-cylinder Lycoming IGSO-480s and Lycoming IGSO-540s, with the far more robust eight-cylinder Lycoming IO-720. This presents the major advantage of not having a gearbox or superchargers to cause maintenance and reliability problems; however the loss of the supercharger does limit the cruising altitude to below fifteen thousand feet. The other advantages gained are the overall increase in power to 400 hp per engine as well as a gross weight increase in most models; the gross weights are increased to 8,000 lb in all the short-wing aircraft, 8,200 lb in the 70, 8800 in the other long-wing aircraft. The US Army National Guard installed this modification on some of their aircraft; the Excalibur Queen Air can be recognized by the noticeably smaller engine cowlings and lower-set engines. This STC was designed and produced by Ed Swearingen, well known for his work on the Twin Bonanza, Queen Air, Swearingen aircraft; the ownership of this STC has changed hands many times over the years.
The current owner is Bemidji Aviation which operates a fleet of Excalibur Queen Airs as well as other aircraft in the charter and freight role in the upper mid-west of the United States. This list provides a detailed account of production by Beec
Dornier Do 228
The Dornier Do 228 is a twin-turboprop STOL utility aircraft, manufactured by Dornier GmbH from 1981 until 1998. In 1983, Hindustan Aeronautics bought manufactured 125 aircraft. In Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany, 245 were built, 125 in Kanpur, India. In July 2017, 63 aircraft were in airline service. In 2009, RUAG started building a Dornier 228 New Generation in Germany with the fuselage and tail unit manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited in Kanpur and transported to Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich, where RUAG Aviation carries out aircraft final assembly, customized equipment installation, product conformity inspection and aircraft delivery, it is the same aircraft with improved technologies and performances, such as a new five blade propeller, glass cockpit and longer range. The first delivery was made in September 2010 to a Japanese operator. In the late 1970s, Dornier GmbH developed a new kind of wing, the TNT, subsidized by the German Government. Dornier tested it on a modified Do 28D-2 Skyservant and with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-110 turboprop engines.
Dornier changed the engine and tested the new aircraft, named Do 128 with two Garrett AiResearch TPE-331-5 engines. The company developed a new fuselage for the TNT and TPE 331–5 in two variants and named both project-aircraft E-1 and E-2. At the ILA Berlin Air Show in 1980, Dornier presented the new aircraft to the public. Both of the prototypes were flown on 9 May 1981 for the first time. After German certification was granted on 18 December 1981, the first Do 228-100 entered service in the fleet of Norving in July 1982; the first operator of the larger Do 228-200 entered service with Jet Charters in late 1982. Certification from both British and American aviation authorities followed on 17 April and 11 May 1984 respectively. By 1983, the production rate of the Do 228 had risen to three aircraft per month. In November 1983, a major license-production and phased technology-transfer agreement was signed between Dornier and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited was signed. By 2014, a total of 125 Do. Over the years, Dornier offered the 228 in upgraded variants and fitted with optional equipment for performing various special missions.
In 1996, it was announced. In 1998, activity on the German production line was halted, in part to concentrate on the production of the larger Fairchild-Dornier 328 and in response to Dornier's wider financial difficulties. RUAG acquired the Do 228 type certificate in 2003. In December 2007, RUAG announced their intention to launch a modernized version of the aircraft, designated as the Do 228 Next Generation, or Do 228 NG. At the 2008 Berlin Air Show, HAL agreed on supplying the first three components sets — fuselage and tail — for €5 million, as a part of a €80 million ten-year contract. In June 2010, the passenger aircraft was priced at €5.2 million, €5.8-5.9 million with JAR-Ops equipment. On 18 August 2010, the Do 228NG received its airworthiness certification from the European Aviation Safety Agency; the majority of manufacturing activity for the type is located in Germany. The main changes from the previous Dornier 228-212 model were a new five-blade propeller made of composite material, more powerful engines and an advanced glass cockpit featuring electronic instrument displays and other avionics improvements.
The first delivery, to the Japanese operator New Central Aviation, took place in September 2010. RUAG decided to suspend production of the Do 228 NG after the completion of an initial batch of eight aircraft in 2013. In 2014, RUAG and Tata Group signed an agreement for the latter to become a key supplier of the program. Production was restarted in 2015, with deliveries of four per year planned from 2016. In February 2016, RUAG announced that they were set to begin serial production of the Do 228 NG at its German production line in mid-2016; the Dornier 228 is a twin-engine general purpose aircraft, capable of transporting up to 19 passengers or various cargoes. It is powered by a pair of Garrett TPE331 turboprop engines; the Do 228 is classified as a Short Takeoff and Landing -capable aircraft, being capable of operating from rough runways and in hot climates, this capability has been attributed to the type's supercritical wing which generates large amounts of lift at slow speeds. The Do 228 is promoted for its versatility, low operational costs, a high level of reliability – possessing a dispatch reliability of 99%.
RUAG Aviation have claimed that no other aircraft in the same class may carry as much cargo or as many passengers over a comparable distance as fast as the Do 228 NG. The rectangular shape of the Do 228's fuselage section and large side-loading doors make it suitable for utility operators, a market that Dornier had targeted with the type from the onset. According to Flight International, one of the more distinguishing features of the Do 228 is the supercritical wing used; the structure of the wing is atypical, consisting of a box formed from four integrally-milled alloy panels, while kevlar is used for the ribs, stringers
Beechcraft Model 17 Staggerwing
The Beechcraft Model 17 Staggerwing is an American biplane with an atypical negative wing stagger. It first flew in 1932. At the height of the Great Depression, aircraft executive Walter H. Beech and airplane designer Ted A. Wells joined forces to collaborate on a project to produce a large and fast cabin biplane built for the business executive; the Beechcraft Model 17, popularly known as the "Staggerwing", was first flown on November 4, 1932. During its heyday, it was used as an executive aircraft, much as the private jet is now, its primary competition were the Waco Custom Cabin and Waco Standard Cabin series of biplanes; the Model 17's unusual negative stagger wing configuration and unique shape maximized pilot visibility and was intended to reduce interference drag between the wings. The fabric-covered fuselage was faired with wood formers and stringers over a welded, steel tube frame. Construction took many man-hours to complete; the Staggerwing's retractable conventional landing gear, uncommon at that time, combined with careful streamlining, light weight, a powerful radial engine, helped it perform well.
In the mid-1930s, Beech undertook a major redesign of the aircraft, to create the Model D17 Staggerwing. The D17 featured a lengthened fuselage that improved the aircraft's handling characteristics by increasing control leverage, the ailerons were relocated to the upper wings, eliminating interference with the flaps. Braking was improved with a foot-operated brake linked to the rudder pedals. Sales began slowly; the first Staggerwings' high price tag scared off potential buyers in an depressed civil aircraft market. Only 18 Model 17s were sold during 1933, the first year of production, but sales increased; each Staggerwing was custom-built by hand. The luxurious cabin, trimmed in leather and mohair, held up to five passengers; the Staggerwing captured a substantial share of the passenger aircraft market. By the start of World War II, Beechcraft had sold more than 424 Model 17s; the Staggerwing's speed made it popular with 1930s air racers. An early version of the Model 17 won the 1933 Texaco Trophy Race.
In 1935, a British diplomat, Capt. H. L. Farquhar flew around the world in a Model B17R, traveling 21,332 miles from New York to London, by way of Siberia, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and back across Europe. Louise Thaden and Blanche Noyes won the 1936 Bendix trophy in a Model C17R Staggerwing. Thaden won the Harmon Trophy for her achievement. Jackie Cochran set a women's speed record of 203.9 mph, established an altitude record of over 30,000 feet, finished third in the 1937 Bendix Trophy Race, all in a special Model D17W Staggerwing. The aircraft made an impressive showing in the 1938 Bendix race, as well. In 1970, due to a dispute with the T-6 racing class, the Reno National Air Races invited five Staggerwings to perform a demonstration race. Two G models and two D17 models raced; the five pilots were Bryant Morris, Bert Jensen, Don Clark, Noel Gourselle, Phil Livingston, the only pilot to have prior racing experience in the T-6 class. The race was flawless with ABC Wide World of Sports coverage, but protesting T-6 racers prevented the class from future competition with allegations of safety issues.
As World War II loomed, a number of Model B17Ls were pressed into service as bombers by the FARE, the air forces of the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War. China ordered a number of Staggerwings to use as ambulance planes in its fight against Imperial Japan. Finland had one C17L as a liaison aircraft between 1940–1945. On October 2, 1941, Beech shipped a special camouflaged D17S to Prince Bernhard of Lippe, in exile in London after the German invasion of the Netherlands, he used it for refugee work around London. The Beech UC-43 Traveler was a modified version of the Staggerwing. In late 1938, the United States Army Air Corps purchased three Model D17Ss to evaluate them for use as light liaison aircraft; these were designated YC-43. After a short flight test program, the YC-43s went to Europe to serve as liaison aircraft with the air attachés in London and Rome. Early in World War II, the need for a compact executive-type transport or courier aircraft became apparent, in 1942, the United States Army Air Forces ordered the first of 270 Model 17s for service within the United States and overseas as the UC-43.
These differed only in minor details from the commercial model. To meet urgent wartime needs, the government purchased or leased additional "Staggerwings" from private owners, including 118 more for the Army Air Force plus others for the United States Navy. In Navy service, the planes were designated as GB-1 and GB-2; the British Royal Air Force and Royal Navy acquired 106 "Traveller Mk. I" through the Lend-Lease arrangement to fill its own critical need for light personnel transports; the production UC-43 differed in minor details from the service test YC-43. Two distinguishing external features of the UC-43 are the circular automatic direction finder antennae mounted between the main landing gear and landing lights near the lower wingtips, they were all powered by the 450 horsepower Whitney R-985 engine. After the war's end, Beech co
Brazil the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, its most populated city is São Paulo; the federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers, it borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats; this unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system; the ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Brazil is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the ninth largest GDP in the world by nominal, eight and PPP measures, it is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. It is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great or a middle power in international affairs. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, it is that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.
In Portuguese, brazilwood is called pau-brasil, with the word brasil given the etymology "red like an ember", formed from brasa and the suffix -il. As brazilwood produces a deep red dye, it was valued by the European textile industry and was the earliest commercially exploited product from Brazil. Throughout the 16th century, massive amounts of brazilwood were harvested by indigenous peoples along the Brazilian coast, who sold the timber to European traders in return for assorted European consumer goods; the official Portuguese name of the land, in original Portuguese records, was the "Land of the Holy Cross", but European sailors and merchants called it the "Land of Brazil" because of the brazilwood trade. The popular appellation eclipsed and supplanted the official Portuguese name; some early sailors called it the "Land of Parrots". In the Guarani language, an official language of Paraguay, Brazil is called "Pindorama"; this was the name the indigenous population gave to the region, meaning "land of the palm trees".
Some of the earliest human remains found in the Americas, Luzia Woman, were found in the area of Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais and provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years. The earliest pottery found in the Western Hemisphere was excavated in the Amazon basin of Brazil and radiocarbon dated to 8,000 years ago; the pottery was found near Santarém and provides evidence that the tropical forest region supported a complex prehistoric culture. The Marajoara culture flourished on Marajó in the Amazon delta from 800 CE to 1400 CE, developing sophisticated pottery, social stratification, large populations, mound building, complex social formations such as chiefdoms. Around the time of the Portuguese arrival, the territory of current day Brazil had an estimated indigenous population of 7 million people semi-nomadic who subsisted on hunting, fishing and migrant agriculture; the indigenous population of Brazil comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups. The Tupí people were subdivided into the Tupiniquins and Tupinambás, there were many subdivisions of the other gro
O'Hare International Airport
O'Hare International Airport referred to as O'Hare Airport, Chicago O'Hare, or O'Hare, is an international airport located on the far Northwest Side of Chicago, Illinois, 14 miles northwest of the Loop business district, operated by the Chicago Department of Aviation and covering 7,627 acres. O'Hare has non-stop flights to 228 destinations in North America, South America, Africa and Oceania. Established to be the successor to Chicago’s "busiest square mile in the world", Midway Airport, O'Hare began as an airfield serving a Douglas manufacturing plant for C-54 military transports during World War II, it was named for Edward "Butch" O'Hare, the U. S. Navy's first Medal of Honor recipient during that war. At the height of the Cold War, O'Hare served as an active fighter base for the Air Force; as the first major airport planned post-war, O’Hare's innovative design pioneered concepts such as concourses, direct highway access to the terminal, jet bridges, underground refueling systems. It became famous as the first World’s Busiest Airport of the jet age, holding that distinction from 1963 to 1998.
O'Hare is unusual in that it serves a major hub for more than one of the three U. S. mainline carriers. It is a focus city for Frontier Airlines and Spirit Airlines. While Terminals 2 and 3 remain of the original design, the airport has been engaged in a massive modernization of the airfield, is beginning an expansion of passenger facilities that will remake it as North America’s first airport built around airline alliances. Not long after the opening of Midway Airport in 1926, the City of Chicago realized that additional airport capacity would be needed in the future; the city government investigated various potential airport sites during the 1930s, but made little progress prior to America's entry into World War II. O'Hare's place in aviation began with a manufacturing plant for Douglas C-54s during WWII; the site was known as Orchard Place, had been a small German farming community. The 2,000,000 square feet plant, located in the northeast corner of what is now the airport property, needed easy access to the workforce of the nation's second-largest city, as well as its extensive railroad infrastructure and location far from enemy threat.
Some 655 C-54s were built at the plant. The attached airfield, from which the completed planes were flown out, was known as Douglas Airport. Less known is the fact that it was the location of the Army Air Force’s 803rd Specialized Depot, a unit charged with storing many captured enemy aircraft. A few representatives of this collection would be transferred to the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum. Douglas Company's contract ended in 1945 and, though consideration was given to building commercial aircraft at Orchard, the company chose to concentrate commercial production at its original headquarters in Santa Monica, CA. With the departure of Douglas, the complex took the name of Orchard Field Airport, was assigned the IATA code ORD; the United States Air Force used the field extensively during the Korean War, at which time there was still no scheduled commercial service at the airport. Although not its primary base in the area, the Air Force used O'Hare as an active fighter base.
By 1960, the need for O'Hare as an active duty fighter base was diminishing, just as commercial business was picking up at the airport. The Air Force removed active-duty units from O'Hare and turned the station over to Continental Air Command, enabling them to base reserve and Air National Guard units there; as a result of a 1993 agreement between the City and the Department of Defense, the reserve based was closed on April 1, 1997, ending its career as the home of the 928th Airlift Wing. At that time, the 357 acre site came under the ownership of the Chicago Department of Aviation. In 1945, Chicago mayor Edward Kelly established a formal board to choose the site of a new facility to meet future aviation demands. After considering various proposals, the board decided upon the Orchard Field site, acquired most of the federal government property in March 1946; the military retained a small parcel of property on the site, the rights to use 25% of the airfield's operating capacity for free. Ralph H. Burke devised an airport master plan based on the pioneering idea of what he called "split finger terminals", allowing a terminal building to be attached to "airline wings", each providing space for gates and planes.
Other innovations Burke brought to the O'Hare design included underground refueling, direct highway access to the front of terminals, direct rail access, all of which are utilized at airports worldwide today. O'Hare was the site of the world's first jet bridge in 1958, adapted slip form paving, developed for the nation's new Interstate highway system, for seamless concrete runways. In 1949, the City renamed the facility O'Hare Field to honor Edward "Butch" O'Hare, the U. S. Navy's first flying ace and Medal of Honor recipient in World War II, its IATA code remained unchanged, resulting in O'Hare's being one of the few IATA codes bearing no connection to the airport's name or metropolitan area. Scheduled passenger service began in 1955. Although Chicago h
Ameriflight LLC is an American cargo airline with headquarters at the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. It is the largest United States FAA Part 135 cargo carrier, operating scheduled and contract cargo services from 19 bases to destinations in 250 cities across 43 US states, as well as Canada, the Caribbean, South America. Ameriflight serves major financial institutions, freight forwarders and overnight couriers in the US and provides feeder services for overnight express carriers nationwide and internationally. Ameriflight averages 525 daily departures with over 100,000 combined flight hours annually and a 99.5% on-time performance. Ameriflight employs over 700 people. Ameriflight was established in 1968 as California Air Charter, it merged in 1971 with a wholly owned subsidiary of ATI Systems International. In April 1993 the fixed-wing division of Wings Express was purchased, the outstanding shares of Sports Air Travel were acquired in mid-1997. In March 2007, when Canadian company Garda Security bought ATIS, Ameriflight was sold to a group of investors including the company's president, Gary Richards.
In May 2014 the airline announced it was moving its headquarters to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. Maintenance operations and flight operations are scheduled to move to DFW. In late 2014 Ameriflight reached agreement to acquire Wiggins Airways, which would result in Ameriflight becoming the largest regional air cargo carrier in the world with 163 aircraft in its fleet; the majority of Ameriflight's operations consists of air feeder service for major package express integrators such as UPS, FedEx, DHL. Other significant customers include Lantheus Medical Imaging, ACS Products, Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals. On schedules set by the customers, cargo is received in the early morning from large jet freighters at hub airports and distributed by Ameriflight airplanes to smaller communities whose traffic would not support the big airplanes. In the evening, the Ameriflight aircraft fly back to the hubs, in order to feed them with cargo from the smaller communities, carried onwards to the integrators' distribution centers for sorting and redistribution to the ultimate destinations.
Although demand is decreasing as use of digital imaging and electronic data transfer increases, Ameriflight transports high priority intercity financial documents. Pharmaceuticals, film for development, medical laboratory samples, other miscellaneous cargo are carried. Ameriflight is one of the few Part 135 cargo carriers in the U. S. with a special Department of Transportation permit to carry high Transport Index radioactive cargo, an important element in the company's time-critical radioactive medical raw materials business, which transports radioactive "generator" materials between points of manufacture and cities where it is used to produce materials used in diagnostics and cancer therapy. In addition to scheduled flying, all Ameriflight bases can respond to unscheduled on-demand cargo flights to destinations in Alaska, throughout the contiguous U. S. Mexico, the Caribbean, into South America. A single King Air 200 has since been retired; as of early 2016, Ameriflight's headquarters are at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, with large operations centers at the following 19 bases: United StatesArizona: Phoenix California: Burbank, Ontario Florida: Miami Michigan: Lansing Missouri: St. Louis Nebraska: Omaha New Hampshire: Wiggins Airways base in Manchester New Mexico: Albuquerque New York: Buffalo Ohio / Kentucky: Cincinnati and Louisville Oregon: Portland Texas: Dallas, San Antonio Utah: Salt Lake City Washington: Seattle Puerto RicoAguadilla San Juan The Ameriflight fleet includes the following aircraft: In previous times, the airline operated the following aircraft types: Cessna 402, Cessna 208 Caravan, Dassault Falcon 20, de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter, Learjet 35A, Mitsubishi MU-2, Piper PA-32R, Piper PA-32, Piper PA-28, Piper PA-23 and Piper PA-31T Cheyenne.
On September 15, 1989, at 06:50 local time, Flight 1952, an Ameriflight Piper PA-31-350 Navajo Chieftain on a cargo flight from Ontario International Airport to Santa Barbara Municipal Airport experienced an engine failure and the aircraft rolled right before impacting the ground in a near inverted attitude about a mile northwest of Runway 26R. The pilot was killed in the crash; the NTSB determined. The rest of the propeller hub separated striking the right front of the fuselage and the damage done made the aircraft uncontrollable. On November 16, 1994, at 02:40 local time, an Ameriflight Beechcraft Model 99 on a cargo flight from Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport to Oakland International Airport descended steeply into the ground from cruise altitude near Avenal and the pilot was killed in the crash; the probable cause could not be determin
Beechcraft AT-10 Wichita
The Beechcraft AT-10 Wichita was an American World War II trainer built for the United States Army Air Forces by Beechcraft and the Globe Aircraft Corporation. It was used to train pilots for multi-engined aircraft such as bombers. Beechcraft began designing the Model 25 early in 1940 in response to the requirement of the then-named United States Army Air Corps for a small twin-engined aircraft suitable for use in training student pilots in the handling of multi-engined retractable landing gear aircraft; as there were concerns at the time about a future possible shortage of aluminium, part of the requirement was that the aircraft be built of "non-strategic" materials. Beechcraft met this requirement by designing the aircraft to be built from wood; the Model 25 prototype was given to the USAAC for evaluation, but it was destroyed in a crash on May 5, 1941. The following day Beechcraft began work on the Model 26, soon ready, making its first flight on July 19 the same year; the type was accepted and deliveries began to the USAAF under the designation AT-10 in February 1942 at a time when US military fortunes were at their nadir.
The type was named "Wichita" after Wichita, the location of the Beechcraft factory. By the end of 1942 748 had been delivered and were playing a part in training crews for the vast fleets of bomber and transport aircraft that were pouring off factory production lines all over the United States. Beechcraft production terminated in 1943. Globe Aircraft built another 600 before production ceased the following year. United StatesUnited States Army Air Forces Data from American Warplanes of World War II General characteristics Crew: Two Length: 34 ft 4 in Wingspan: 44 ft 0 in Height: 10 ft 4 in Wing area: 298 sq ft Empty weight: 4,750 lb Max takeoff weight: 6,130 lb Powerplant: 2 × Lycoming R-680-9 air-cooled radial engines, 295 hp eachPerformance Maximum speed: 198 mph Range: 770 mi Service ceiling: 16,900 ft Aircraft of comparable role and era Airspeed Oxford Avro Anson Cessna AT-17 Curtiss AT-9 Related lists List of aircraft of World War II Notes BibliographyDonald, David American Warplanes of World War II.
London:Aerospace Publishing, 1995. ISBN 1-874023-72-7. Phillips, Edward H. Beechcraft - Pursuit of Perfection, A History of Beechcraft Airplanes. Eagan, Minnesota:Flying Books, 1992. ISBN 0-911139-11-7. Taylor, M. J. H. ed. Jane's American Fighting Aircraft of the 20th Century Mallard Press. ISBN 0-7924-5627-0