Ben Wyvis is a mountain located in Easter Ross, north-west of Dingwall in northern Scotland. It lies in the council area of Highland, the county of Ross and Cromarty; the mountain is prominent in views of the area, presenting a whale-back shape above the farmland of Strathconon. Geologically, the ridge is composed of Moine pelitic gneiss, it forms an undulating ridge running north-south for about 5 km, the highest summit of, Glas Leathad Mòr. To the south lies the Corbett of Little Wyvis, separated from Ben Wyvis by the Bealach Mòr; the A835 road between Dingwall and Ullapool runs to the west and south of these mountains, whilst the Kyle of Lochalsh railway line passes to the south, following a route between Dingwall and Kyle of Lochalsh. Loch Glass lies to the northeast, whilst the land to the northwest is mountainous and uninhabited, crossed by no roads until the A837, some 30 km to the north. Ben Wyvis is an important habitat for several species of plants and birds, is designated as a National Nature Reserve, a Special Protection Area, a Special Area of Conservation, a Site of Special Scientific Interest.
Of particular importance is the woolly hair-moss that covers the summit plateau. This springy moss provides ideal nesting territory for dotterel that breed here each summer: Ben Wyvis represents at least 2.4% of the breeding population in Great Britain. Ben Wyvis is composed of Moine schist, formed as sediment around 1,000 to 870 million years ago during a period when the landmass, now Scotland was covered by shallow seas; as the amount of sediment increased the layers underwent metamorphism due to the increased temperature and pressure, resulting in the formation of a hard, water-resistant rock. This schist was subjected to further upheaval during the Caledonian orogeny, leading to formation of waves and folds which are visible in the rocks. During the Ice Age much of Scotland was periodically covered by ice sheets, with glaciers forming in corries and glens. During the final phase of this period, much of Ben Wyvis was covered by ice; the presence of glacial erratic boulders can be interpreted as marking the upper extent of the ice sheet, with the top of Ben Wyvis remaining free of ice.
Ben Wyvis stands on the northern edge of historic lands of Clan Munro. By tradition, the Munros held their land from the Crown; the king declared that they held their lands on condition of furnishing a snowball at midsummer if required. This condition they could fulfil, as snow was to be found in some of the mountain corries of their property all year round; the Battle of Bealach nam Broig was fought between rival clans near the pass that separates Ben Wyvis from the lower summit of Carn Mòr, which lies to the northwest. Clans from lands to the north-west who were allied to Clan Mackenzie fought against north-eastern clans who supported the Earl of Ross; the actual date of the battle is debated, but is thought to be 1452. From the sixteenth century cattle-droving was one of the major economic activities in the highlands, Ben Wyvis lay near to a major drove road between northwest Scotland and the cattle markets of the south. Drovers took a shortcut across the southern flanks of the mountain, following the Allt á Bhealaich Mhòir before crossing the bealach between Ben Wyvis and Little Wyvis before rejoining the main route near Auchterneed.
The drove road was still being used into the early twentieth century. There are remains of a settlement at Garbat which may have been used as a holding point for the drovers and their cattle; the sites of buildings found along the Allt á Bhealaich Mhòir are thought to date from this period. The southern and western sides of Ben Wyvis are now owned by Scottish Natural Heritage, forming the Ben Wyvis NNR, whilst the northern and eastern flanks form part of a privately-owned sporting estate, Wyvis Estate; the lower slopes to the west of the NNR are forested, owned by Forestry and Land Scotland. As with all land in Scotland, there is a right of responsible access to most of the land on and surrounding Ben Wyvis under the Scottish Outdoor Access Code for people wishing to undertake pursuits such as walking, horse-riding and wild camping: this applies regardless of whether the land is in public or private ownership. Ben Wyvis is home to over 170 plant species, including the nationally scarce dwarf birch, as well as other rare species, such as alpine foxtail.
The summit ridge of Ben Wyvis is carpeted moss-heath, forming one of the longest single tracts of this habitat anywhere in Britain. The summit plateau is dominated by the woolly hair-moss Racomitrium lanuginosum, whilst little shaggy moss Rhytidiadelphus loreus is found in areas that experience regular snow cover due to drifting; the lower slopes of the mountain support dwarf shrub heath and boglands, home to a variety of plants including dwarf birch, dwarf cornel and alpine bearberry. Several species of butterfly are found at Ben Wyvis, including the pearl-bordered fritillary and the large heath butterfly; the area is home to several species of dragonfly including the large red damselfly and the golden-ringed dragonfly. The mountain is an important breeding ground for the dotterel, which use the moss-heath of the plateau to breed: Ben Wyvis represents at least 2.4% of the breeding population for dotterel in Great Britain. Ptarmigan breed on upland areas of the reserve, nesting in higher areas among the boulders and scree.
Other birds at Ben Wyvis include golden plover, red grouse and ravens, as well as birds of prey such as peregrine falcon and golden eagle. Deer are common at Ben Wyvis, with red deer in particular being seen. Sika deer can be
Sgùrr na Lapaich
Sgurr na Lapaich is a mountain in the Northwest Highlands of Scotland, situated north of Loch Mullardoch in the high ground that separates Glen Cannich and Glen Strathfarrar. The mountain reaches a height of 1,150 metres, is the fourth highest mountain north of the Great Glen. There is no higher ground to the north of it in Great Britain. With a topographic prominence of 839 metres, Sgurr na Lapaich is the highest point for some considerable distance and is a fine viewpoint; the mountain is well seen from the east. It should not be confused with an outlying "top" of Mam Sodhail; the name Sgurr na Lapaich means "Peak of the Bog" in Gaelic. This could be somewhat misleading, as it is a fine mountain with long ridges, deep corries and lochans, culminating in a fine rocky peak; the mountain is linked by ridges to the adjoining Munros of An Riabhachan to the west and to Càrn nan Gobhar to the east. To the south of the main summit Sgurr na Lapaich has a subsidiary summit, Sgurr nan Clachan Geala, listed as a "top" in Munro's Tables.
Another minor summit, Rudha na Spreidhe, lies at the end of the mountain's northern spur and gives good views of Loch Monar. Deep, glacial corries surround the mountain on several sides. To the south-east of the summit the slopes fall steeply into a large corrie containing Loch Tuill Bhearnach, the largest of Sgurr na Lapaich's lochans at around 500 metres wide. Both of these lochans drain into Loch Mullardoch. To the east of the summit is the steep, rocky head-wall of Coire nan Each, snow-filled until the late spring. Sgurr na Lapaich can be climbed either from Glen Cannich; the usual approach from Glen Cannich starts at the parking spot at the Loch Mullardoch dam and begins by ascending the Munro of Càrn nan Gobhar by its south ridge. The route goes north-west to a col at 796 metres before ascending the broad, grassy east ridge of Sgurr na Lapaich; this becomes rocky higher up. The approach from Glen Strathfarrar begins from the hydroelectric power station in Gleann Innis, reached by a 17-mile drive from Struy along a private road.
Pedestrians and cyclists are allowed through the gate at all times. From the power station a stalkers' path leads to the col between An Riabhachan and Sgurr na Lapaich, from where there is a further climb of over 300 metres to reach the summit; the top of the mountain is marked by an Ordnance Survey trig point. Sgurr na Lapaich was the origin of the 6 inch and 1:2500 Ordnance Survey maps of the County of Ross & Cromarty; the High Mountains of Britain and Ireland, Irvine Butterfield, ISBN 978-0-906371-30-5 The Munros, Donald Bennett et al. ISBN 978-0-907521-13-6 100 Best Routes on Scottish Mountains, Ralph Storer, ISBN 978-0-7515-0300-5 Hamish’s Mountain Walk, Hamish Brown, ISBN 978-1-898573-08-1
Ben Loyal is an isolated mountain of 764 m in Sutherland, the northwestern tip of the Scottish Highlands. It is a Corbett located south of the Kyle of Tongue and offers good views of the Kyle, Loch Loyal to the east, Ben Hope to the west. Ben Loyal is composed chiefly of granite, has a distinctive shape due to the four rocky peaks, the highest of, called An Caisteal. To the north of An Caisteal is the 712 m Sgòr Chaonasaid, to the south is Bheinn Bheag, which cannot be seen in the photograph opposite, to the west is the ridge of Sgòr a Chèirich, 644 m at its highest point; the fourth peak in the picture is the 568 m Sgòr Fionnaich. Ben Loyal is a part of Ben Loyal Estate owned by the Adam Knuth of Knuthenborg, Denmark. In 2012, The Daily Telegraph reported that fellow Dane Anders Holch Povlsen now owned the 24,000 acre estate. Access is by a farm track which approaches starting at a farm called Ribigill. Geology of Scotland Mountain bagging
Sgùrr nan Eugallt
Sgùrr nan Eugallt is the highest of a well defined group of mountains that lie south of Loch Hourn, stretching from Barrisdale to Loch Quoich. Although its summit is lower than many nearby neighbours, it is cut off from all its higher neighbours by a ring of deep glens. Despite being in a wild and remote area, it can be ascended from a ruined roadside cottage 4 km to the east of its summit, where there is limited parking space, but the road is single track and the cottage is 20 miles from the nearest main road. Due to its isolation and insufficient height to qualify for Munro's Tables, Sgùrr nan Eugallt is infrequently climbed. An old stalkers' path from the ruined cottage should guide the climber to a point just below a ridge at about 650 metres; the path was well built in its time but some sections have become wet and slippery. On gaining the ridge, turn follow the ridge to the 894 m triangulation point; the ridge becomes steep near the top but the steepest section can be bypassed. Contrary to the implication of the 1:50,000 Landranger map, several websites and the 1990 edition of the Scottish Mountaineering Club publication The Corbetts and other Scottish Hills, the true summit lies about 600 metres to the north west of the triangulation point.
List tickers should therefore turn right along the main ridge of the range and continue for about 600 metres to the main summit, not shown on any map. About 300 m further along the ridge is an 881 m summit, shown on topographic maps
Beinn Dearg (Ullapool)
Beinn Dearg is a mountain in the Inverlael area of the Highlands of Scotland. It is most climbed by following the River Lael up Gleann na Sguaib. Starting from near the head of Loch Broom, a path follows the glen to a bealach, about a kilometre north of the summit. From this bealach, the neighbouring peaks of Con a' Mheall and Meall na Ceapraichean may be climbed. Eididh nan Clach Geala, which lies about 3 km north of Beinn Dearg, is added in to complete a round of 4 Munros. During early 2005, strong winds caused much damage to trees in the Inverlael Forest completely blocking the route described. Beinn Dearg is designated as a Special Protection Area; the area encompasses a diverse range of habitats, including woodland, open water, dwarf-shrub heath, cliffs. Most the summit areas support specialist montane birds such as breeding dotterel Charadrius morinellus and golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos. Beinn Dearg SPA
Cùl Mòr is a shapely, twin summited mountain in the far north west of Scotland whose higher summit is the highest point of Inverpolly. It is completely separated from its southern neighbour, Cùl Beag. Despite its higher altitude, it is less well known than two of its other neighbours and Stac Pollaidh, but being higher, it commands views over these and other neighbours. Cùl Mòr is best approached from Knockan Crag, at NC189095, where there is parking space and from where a stalker's path leads to the foot of the Meallan Diomhain ridge; the route up this ridge is marked by cairns. From the top of this ridge, the most popular route bears right, over a broad saddle, before approaching the summit from the north east; the last part of the ascent is quite steep and involves scrambling over boulders. A longer route is found via the corrie that leads up to the col of Creag nan Calman, to the south west of the main summit; the Corbetts and Other Scottish Hills, ISBN 0-907521-29-0 Walk Highland