Eskoriatza is a town and municipality in Gipuzkoa, in the autonomous community of the Basque Country, in northern Spain. It is located south of Aretxabaleta; the main campus of the Faculty of Humanities and Education of Mondragon University is located in the town. It is surrounded by low mountains; the name Eskoriatza, Basque meaning black soil, refers to the fertile conditions of the land in the area. Production facilities for various Mondragón cooperative businesses are located here. Official Website ESKORIATZA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Alegia is a town located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. In 2014 Alegia had a total population of 1,744. Official Website Information Basque. ALEGIA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Information available in Spanish Tontokaletik mundura
Bergara is a town and municipality located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the north of Spain. An Enlightened center of education operated by the Real Sociedad Bascongada de Amigos del País, it was the place where brothers Juan José and Fausto Elhuyar discovered wolfram. During the Carlist Wars, it operated as the royal court of the Carlists, it was there where the agreement symbolized in the Vergara Embrace between Rafael Maroto and Baldomero Espartero, Prince of Vergara ended one of the period wars. Official Website Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Bergara Laboratorium - European Physical Society Historic Site
Elgoibar is an industrial town located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the Autonomous Community of Basque Country, northern Spain. Located in a valley, it is traversed by the Deba river. Elgoibar is nicknamed the "capital city of the Machine tool"; the town was called Villamayor de Marquina, but it had been founded in a place called before Elgoibar field. The town came to be known by this name a few centuries of its foundation; until the mid-fifteenth century it appears in the documentation as Villamayor de Marquina, but in the statutes of the Brotherhood of Gipuzkoa of 1457 and 1463 years appears with the Elgoibar name and it has prevailed until today. Elgoibar name has been used in Basque in order to refer to the small town; the unique difference is that in Spanish the name Elgoibar has an accent mark in its "o". Elgoibar etymologically comes from the Basque language and is composed of the word meaning elge field and safely by ibar word which means valley and plain. Therefore, "elge ibar" would be a similar term to vega or plain cultivated field and would have resulted in Elgoibar.
The etymology would remain quite well with the mention of Elgoibar field that appears in the settlement charter of the town. Since the beginning of the establishment of the Ville, the industrial nature was relevant; the king kept for himself the strip mining of the minerals such as gold or silver, the ironworks production. As Tómas López described in 1800 " The industrialization transformed that protoindustry, on a machinery tools factories network. Main companies The following list includes companies that are located in Elgoibar, that have at least an staff of 50 people according to the Basque Industry catalog: Alcorta Brockhaus, S. A.: Manufacturer of components of forged steel for the automotive industry. AVS Added Value Solutions: Designing and manufacturing equipment for the industry of science and machine tool industry. Bernardo Ecenarro, S. A.: Manufacturing paints and special covers for the automotive industry Doimak: Manufacturing rectifier machines Engranajes Grindel, S. A.: Manufacturer of gears.
Etxe-Tar, S. A.: Machine Tool Industry Elgoibar celebrates festivity in honor of its patron. The latter is the patron of the villa. In addition, there are a number of celebrations that are celebrated in unison of the region or the country such as San Blas, Carnivals or the Eve of St. Agatha. There is cattle fair the last Saturday of each month and specially the last Saturday of the year, Gabon Zahar Feria. San Anton festivity, second landlord of the town, on 17 January. San Bartolome, the patron of Elgoibar, on 23 August. San Juan festivity, on 23 June. There are smaller celebrations in the rural districts and the hermitages like the pilgrimage of Santiago Sargoate day. Militaries and Governors Martin Iñiguez de Carquizano: sea man that took part in the Garcia Jofre de Loaisa expedition. Gabriel de Crucelegui: governor of Philippines. Religious people Domingo de Alzola 16th century: Guadalajara's archbishop. Francisco Aguirre: missionary priest in China. Industrial people Eulogio Estarta: industrial.
Fundator of the local company "SIGMA". Bernando Ecenarro: industrial. Writers Pedro Miguel Urruzuno: priest and basque writer. Jasone Osoro: journalist and basque writer. Gotzon Garate: basque writer, philosopher and Jesuit. Hasier Etxeberria: journalist and writer. Broadcaster of the literary TV program Sautrela in ETB Uxue Alberdi: journalist and improviser of basque verse. Pelota Players Roque Echave, Echave II Ignacio Cortabitarte Javier Arriola Lizarralde, Arriola IVFootball players Jose Luis González: footballer who played as a goalkeeper in the Real Sociedad and Valencia C. F, among others. Tiburcio Beristain: footballer. Fernando Ansola: international football player who played in the Real Oviedo, Real Betis, Valencia C. F and Real Sociedad. Juan Cruz Sol: international footballer who played in the Real Madrid and Valencia CF. Markel Bergara: football player, playing in the Real Sociedad. Ricardo Suarez: football player who played in the Real Sociedad and Granada C. F, among others. Joseba Etxeberria: international football player who played in the Real Sociedad and Athletic Club.
Itziar Gurrutxaga: international football player who played in the Athletic Club EFT. Zuhaitz Gurrutxaga: football player who played in the Real Sociedad. Elisabeth Ibarra: international football player who plays in the Athletic Club EFT. Other sports Juan Muguerza: athlete. Jose Maria Benavides: yachtsman. 11 times Spanish champion and twice olympique winner. Bullfighter Luis Mazzantini Politicians Jaime Arrese: Mayor of Elgoibar in the 1970s. Murdered by Comandos Autonomos anticapitalistas Francisco Javier Ansuategui: conservative politician. Arnaldo Otegui: Basque national politician, Sortu's chief of staff. Official Website Information Basque. ELGOIBAR in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Information available in Spanish
Errenteria is a town located in the province of Gipuzkoa in the Basque Autonomous Community, in the north of Spain, near the French border. The river Oiartzun cuts its way through the town, one that has undergone severe pollution up to recent times on its lower stage. Agustinak/Agustinas Alaberga Beraun Kaputxinoak/Capuchinos Etxe Berriak/Casas Nuevas Gaztaño Erdialdea/Centro Fanderia Gabierrota Galtzaraborda Iztieta Lartzabal Listorreta Olibet - Ugarritze Ondartxo Perurena Pontika Zamalbide Lousada, Portugal Tulle, France Schorndorf, Germany September 1982 Rentería attack Official website ERRENTERIA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Basque Country (autonomous community)
The Basque Country the Basque Autonomous Community is an autonomous community in northern Spain. It includes the Basque provinces of Álava and Gipuzkoa; the Basque Country or Basque Autonomous Community was granted the status of nationality within Spain, attributed by the Spanish Constitution of 1978. The autonomous community is based on the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country, a foundational legal document providing the framework for the development of the Basque people on Spanish soil. Navarre, which had narrowly rejected a joint statue of autonomy with Gipuzkoa, Álava and Biscay in 1932, was granted a separate statute in 1982. There is no official capital in the autonomous community, but the city of Vitoria-Gasteiz, in the province of Álava, is the de facto capital as the location of the Basque Parliament, the headquarters of the Basque Government, the residence of the President of the Basque Autonomous Community; the High Court of Justice of the Basque Country has its headquarters in the city of Bilbao.
Whilst Vitoria-Gasteiz is the largest municipality in area, with 277 km2, Bilbao is the largest in population, with 353,187 people, located in the province of Biscay within a conurbation of 875,552 people. The term Basque Country may refer to the larger cultural region, the home of the Basque people, which includes the autonomous community; the following provinces make up the autonomous community: Álava, capital Vitoria-Gasteiz Biscay, capital Bilbao-Bilbo Gipuzkoa, capital Donostia-San Sebastián The Basque Country borders Cantabria and the Burgos province to the west, the Bay of Biscay to the north and Navarre to the east and La Rioja to the south. The territory has three distinct areas, which are defined by the two parallel ranges of the Basque Mountains; the main range of mountains forms the watershed between the Mediterranean basins. The highest point of the range is in the Aizkorri massif; the three areas are: Formed by many valleys with short rivers that flow from the mountains to the Bay of Biscay, like the Nervión, Urola or Oria.
The coast is rough, with small inlets. The main features of the coast are the Bilbao Abra Bay and the Estuary of Bilbao, the Urdaibai estuary and the Bidasoa-Txingudi Bay that forms the border with France. Between the two mountain ranges, the area is occupied by a high plateau called Llanada Alavesa, where the capital Vitoria-Gasteiz is located; the rivers flow south from the mountains to the Ebro River. The main rivers are the Zadorra Bayas River. From the southern mountains to the Ebro is the so-called Rioja Alavesa, which shares the Mediterranean characteristics of other Ebro Valley zones; some of Spain's production of Rioja wine takes place here. The Basque Mountains form the watershed and mark the distinct climatic areas of the Basque Country: The northern valleys, in Biscay and Gipuzkoa and the valley of Ayala in Álava, are part of Green Spain, where the oceanic climate is predominant, with its wet weather all year round and moderate temperatures. Precipitation average is about 1200 mm; the middle section is influenced more by the continental climate, but with a varying degree of the northern oceanic climate.
This gives cold, snowy winters. The Ebro valley has a pure continental climate: winters are cold and dry and summers warm and dry, with precipitation peaking in spring and autumn. Precipitation is irregular, as low as 300 mm. Half of the 2,155,546 inhabitants of the Basque Autonomous Community live in Greater Bilbao, Bilbao's metropolitan area. Of the ten most populous cities, six form part of Bilbao's conurbation, known as Greater Bilbao. With 28.2% of the Basque population born outside this region, immigration is crucial to Basque demographics. Over the 20th century most of this immigration came from other parts of Spain from Galicia or Castile and León. Over recent years, sizeable numbers of this population have returned to their birthplaces and most immigration to the Basque country now comes from abroad, chiefly from South America. Roman Catholicism is, by far, the largest religion in the Basque Country. In 2012, the proportion of Basques that identified themselves as Roman Catholic was 58.6%, while it is one of the most secularised communities of Spain: 24.6% were non-religious and 12.3% of Basques were atheist.
Bilbao-Bilbo Vitoria-Gasteiz San Sebastián-Donostia Barakaldo Getxo Irun Portugalete Santurtzi Basauri Errenteria Spanish and Basque are co-official in all territories of the autonomous community. The Basque-speaking areas in the modern-day autonomous community are set against the wider context of the Basque language, spoken to the east in Navarre and the French Basque Country; the whole Basque speaking territory has experienced both expansion in its history. The Basque language experienced a gradual territorial contraction throughout the last nine centuries, severe deterioration of its sociolinguistic status for much of the 20th century due to heavy immigration from other parts of Spain, the virtual nonexistence of Basque language schooling, national policies implemented by the different Spanish régimes. After the advent of the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Countr
Leaburu is a town located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the Autonomous Community of Basque Country, northern Spain. Official Website Information Basque. LEABURU in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Information available in Spanish