France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
The 2003 FIBA European Championship called FIBA EuroBasket 2003, was the 33rd FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship held by FIBA Europe, which served as Europe qualifier for the 2004 Summer Olympics, giving a berth to the top three teams in the final standings. It was held in Sweden between September 5 and September 14 2003. Sixteen national teams entered the event under the auspices of FIBA Europe, the sport's regional governing body; the cities of Borås, Luleå, Norrköping, Södertälje and Stockholm hosted the tournament. Lithuania won its third FIBA European title by defeating Spain with a 93–84 score in the final. Lithuania's Šarūnas Jasikevičius was voted the tournament's MVP. Of the sixteen teams that participated in EuroBasket 2003, hosts Sweden and World Champions Serbia and Montenegro qualified directly; the other fourteen teams earned their berths via a qualifying tournament. The teams were split in four groups of four teams each; the first team from each group qualified directly to the knockout stage.
To define the other four teams that advanced to the knockout stage and third-placed teams from each group where cross-paired and the winner from each match advanced to the knockout stage. In the knockout quarterfinals, the winners advanced to the semifinals; the winners from the semifinals competed for the championship in the final, while the losing teams play a consolation game for the third place. The losing teams from the quarterfinals play in a separate bracket to define 5th through 8th place in the final standings. At the start of tournament, all 16 participating countries had 12 players on their roster. Times given below are in Central European Summer Time. 2003 European Championship for Men, FIBA.com
Montenegro national basketball team
The Montenegrin national basketball team represents Montenegro in men's international basketball tournaments. It is organized by the Basketball Federation of Montenegro, the governing body of basketball in Montenegro; this team competes in the European region of FIBA. They will make their first FIBA Basketball World Cup appearance at the 2019 edition in China. In 2006, the Basketball Federation of Montenegro along with this team joined the International Basketball Federation on its own following the Independence of Montenegro; the Montenegrin national team entered international competition in 2008, appointed Duško Vujošević as the national coach. Montenegro started from FIBA Division B, where they won first place on their first competitive season. Since becoming a separate team, Montenegro have won 13 official games in a row, until losing to Israel in August 2010. At that time, NBA players like Nikola Vučević and Nikola Peković became the most known players of Montenegrin national team. In their first qualifiers for EuroBasket, Montenegro finished first in group.
So, the team qualified for Eurobasket 2011, where they played five games in the first phase - with one win and four loses. The Coach of Montenegro at their first EuroBasket was Dejan Radonjić. In August 2012, with the new coach Luka Pavićević, Montenegro started qualifiers for Eurobasket 2013. Again, they won first place, but without any defeat from 10 matches. Notable matches were against Serbia, first after the two countries separated. Montenegro won both games, victory in Belgrade, in front of 18,000 spectators, is gained by Nikola Ivanović three-point shot from the center, one second before the end of match; as a first-placed team in qualifiers, Montenegro participated at Eurobasket 2013 in Slovenia. They made better result than 2011, with two wins and three defeats, but, not enough for second phase of EuroBasket. First unsuccessful qualifying campaign since independence, Montenegro had during the 2014. Group stage at the EuroBasket 2015 qualification, Montenegro finished third, so they failed to qualify for final tournament.
In 2015, Montenegro named Bogdan Tanjević new head coach of the national team. Prior to taking the reigns of the national team he was head coach of Fenerbahçe; as the national team earlier failed to qualify for EuroBasket 2015, they participated in the Games of the Small States of Europe in Iceland and won the gold medal. In summer 2016, Montenegro started competition in EuroBasket 2017 qualifiers, with the only ambition to qualify for their third final tournament since independence. In a group with Georgia and Albania, Montenegro finished as a second-placed team, with one defeat, qualified for EuroBasket 2017. For the first time in their history, in Eurobasket 2017, Montenegro finished as a third-place team in the group stage and qualified to the knockout stage; that was the biggest success of the Montenegrin national team since its Independence. Two years Montenegro qualified for the 2019 FIBA World Cup for the first time, after a winner-take-all game in Podgorica against Latvia. Montenegro lost the game 80-74 but still went through as they had won the away game 84-75, thus holding the tiebreaker on points difference.
Montenegro played three times at EuroBasket. Among the other competitions, as a country with less than million inhabitants, Montenegro participated at the Games of the Small States of Europe 2015 and won the gold medal. Roster for the EuroBasket 2017; the following is the Montenegro roster in the men's basketball tournament of the 2017 EuroBasket. Since independence, all head coaches were Montenegrin-born. First head coach of Montenegro was Duško Vujošević. With him, Montenegro won FIBA B division championship. From 2010 to 2012, Montenegro was coached by Dejan Radonjić and, for the first time played on Eurobasket. At their next Eurobasket participation Montenegro was led by Luka Pavićević. From 2015 to 2017, head coach of Montenegro was Bogdan Tanjević. Largest home victory 102-58, Montenegro – Iceland, 26 August 2009, Podgorica Largest away victory 37-100, San Marino – Montenegro, 2 June 2017, Serravalle Largest home defeat 65-80, Montenegro – Israel, 20 August 2014, Podgorica Largest away defeat 99-60, Spain – Montenegro, 1 September 2017, Cluj-Napoca Longest winning streak 13 matches, Longest losing streak 4 matches, Most scored points in a match 113, Albania – Montenegro 73-113 Least scored points in a match 55, Greece – Montenegro 71-55, Netherlands – Montenegro 68-55 Most conceded points in a match 100, Latvia – Montenegro 100-68 Least conceded points in a match 37, San Marino – Montenegro 37-100 Highest home attendance 5,500, Montenegro – Serbia 72-62, 2 September 2012, Podgorica Highest away attendance 18,000, Serbia – Montenegro 71-73, 18 August 2012, Belgrade Montenengro played its first official match at September 2008.
There is a List of official matches of the Montenegro national basketball team. Below is the list of performances of Montenegro national basketball team against every single opponent. Last update: 02 July 2018. List of official matches of the Montenegro national basketball team Sport in Montenegro Montenegrin Basketball League Montenegro women's national basketball team Official website FIBA profile
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
The 2007 FIBA European Championship called FIBA EuroBasket 2007, was the 35th FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship held by FIBA Europe, which served as Europe qualifier for the 2008 Summer Olympics, giving a berth to the champion and runner-up teams. It was held in Spain between 3 September and 16 September 2007. Sixteen national teams entered the event under the auspices of FIBA Europe, the sport's regional governing body; the cities of Alicante, Madrid, Palma de Mallorca, Seville hosted the tournament. Russia won its first FIBA EuroBasket title since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, by defeating hosts Spain, with a 60–59 score in the final. Russia's Andrei Kirilenko was voted the tournament's MVP. Of the sixteen teams that participated in EuroBasket 2005, hosts Spain plus the eight European teams that participated in the 2006 FIBA World Championship qualified directly; the other seven teams earned their berths via a qualifying tournament. The draw for FIBA EuroBasket 2007 was held in Madrid, 19 October 2006.
The top three teams from each group advance to the qualifying round, in which they are separated into two groups. Results and standings among teams within the same group are carried over; the top four teams at the qualifying round advance to the knockout quarterfinals. The winners in the knockout semifinals advance to the Final, where both are guaranteed of berths in the 2008 Olympics; the losers figure in a third-place playoff. Before the tournament, the semifinal losers and the teams participating in the 5th-place playoff were assured of berths to the FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament 2008. Spain, which lost in the final to Russia, had qualified for the Olympics as reigning world champions. Since they occupied what would otherwise be a qualifying place, third-place Lithuania received a direct Olympic berth, seventh-place Slovenia advanced to the FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament 2008. Ties are broken via the following criteria, with the first option used first, all the way down to the last option: Head to head results Goal average in the games between the tied teams Goal average in all games in its group At the start of tournament, all 16 participating countries had 12 players on their roster.
Times given below are in Central European Summer Time. Game Statistics Legend: PTS = points, FT = free-throws, 2-FG = 2-point field goals, 3-PG = 3-point field goals, Rebs = Rebounds Bosnia and Herzegovina: BHRT Bulgaria: BNT Croatia: HRT Cyprus: RIK 2 Czech Republic: Česká televize France: Sport+ / Canal+ Germany: DSF Greece: ERT Israel: Sport 5/Channel 10 Italy: RAI Latvia: TV3 Latvia Lithuania: TV3 Lithuania Philippines: Basketball TV Poland: Polsat Portugal: RTP Russia: RTR Sport Romania: Sport.ro Serbia: RTS Spain: LaSexta Slovenia: RTV Slovenija Turkey: NTV Ukraine: Megasport / Sport 1 Ukraine Eurobasket 2007 Official Site 2007 EuroBasket, FIBA.com. Information on tickets and venues
The 2005 FIBA European Championship called FIBA EuroBasket 2005, was the 34th FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship held by FIBA Europe, which served as Europe qualifier for the 2006 FIBA World Championship, giving a berth to the top six teams in the final standings. It was held in Serbia and Montenegro between 16 September and 25 September 2005. Sixteen national teams entered the event under the auspices of FIBA Europe, the sport's regional governing body; the cities of Belgrade, Novi Sad, Podgorica and Vršac hosted the tournament. It was the third time. Greece won its second FIBA European title by defeating Germany with a 78–62 score in the final. Germany's Dirk Nowitzki was voted the tournament's MVP. Belgrade, the capital of Serbia and Montenegro, was the main stage of the EuroBasket 2005 action; the Pionir Hall hosted Group C's six preliminary round games, while the Belgrade Arena hosted the competition following the preliminary round. This was the third time. Belgrade hosted the European basketball championships in 1961 and 1975.
Podgorica's Morača Sports Center hosted Group B. Being in Montenegro, it is the farthest locale from the central venue. Novi Sad, nicknamed "The City of Sports", is the capital of province of Vojvodina and home to the Spens Sports Center; the six Group D games were played there. Vršac was home to Group A during the tournament, had a total of six games played in the 5,000-person capacity Millennium Center. Of the sixteen teams that participated in EuroBasket 2005, hosts Serbia and Montenegro the top four teams from EuroBasket 2003, Spain and Greece qualified directly. Greece took the place of the French team, the fourth-placed team in EuroBasket 2003; the other eleven teams earned their berths via a qualifying tournament. The teams were split in four groups of four teams each; the first team from each group qualified directly to the knockout stage. To define the other four teams that advanced to the knockout stage and third-placed teams from each group where cross-paired and the winner from each match advanced to the quarterfinals.
In the knockout quarterfinals, the winners advanced to the semifinals. The winners from the semifinals competed for the championship in the final, while the losing teams play a consolation game for the third place; the losing teams from the quarterfinals play in a separate bracket to define 5th through 8th place in the final standings. At the start of tournament, all 16 participating countries had 12 players on their roster. Times given below are in Central European Summer Time. 2005 EuroBasket, FIBA.com
The 1935 FIBA European Championship called EuroBasket 1935, was the first FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship, held by FIBA Europe, as well as a test event preceding the first Olympic basketball tournament at the 1936 Summer Olympics. Ten national teams affiliated with the International Basketball Federation took part in the competition; the event was hosted by Switzerland and held in Geneva in May, 1935. The 2012 Latvian film Dream Team 1935 is based on the events of the tournament, it tells the story of the winners of the tournament. Before the tournament began, a qualification game was played between Portugal; the game was held in Madrid and refereed by Spanish coach Mariano Manent. Spain won, 33–12; the preliminary round was single-elimination, with losers moving to the classification round. Three of the five winners moved to the semi-finals, while two played each other in a sixth preliminary game, with the winner moving on and the loser going to classification. Bold = game winner.
Latvia: Eduards Andersons, Aleksejs Anufrijevs, Mārtiņš Grundmanis, Herberts Gubiņš, Rūdolfs Jurciņš, Jānis Lidmanis, Džems Raudziņš, Visvaldis Melderis Spain: Rafael Martín, Emilio Alonso, Pedro Alonso, Juan Carbonell, Armando Maunier, Fernando Muscat, Cayetano Ortega, Rafael Ruano Czechoslovakia: Jiří Čtyřoký, Jan Fertek, Josef Franc, Josef Klima, Josef Moc, František Picek, Vaclav Voves Switzerland: R. Karlen, J. Pollet, R. Lambercy, M. Wuilleumier, J. Pare, Radle, Sidler Bulgaria: Nikola Rogatchev, Krum Konstantinov, Pinkas, FIBA Europe EuroBasket 1935 FIBA Europe article on 1930's EuroBaskets Eurobasket.com 1935 EChampionship