Atelierhusene, known as Kunstnerbyen, is a development of terraced housing dedicated to provide affordable living and working space for artists in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located on the east side of Utterslev Mose and consists of three terraces, each with 7 houses, surrounding a green space with a lake. The ide for the development was conceived by the sculptors Povl Søndergaard and Johan Galster and the architect Viggo Møller Jensen, a similar project had previously been completed successfully by others with the construction of Kunstnerhjemmet in Gothersgade. The project was developed in collaboration with Foreningen Socialt Boligbyggeri and with support from the Ministry of Interior Affairs, the selected site had previously been used for market gardens. Several banks supported the project with loans on conditions and artists donated works for a lottery as part of the financing. The houses were completed in 1943, the entire development was listed in 1990. The development is located on Grønnemose Allé and consists of 21 houses, each with a 35-m2 studio, the development is located on three sides of a green space with a small lake known as Vigos Sø after the projects architect.
The row with the smallest houses lines the street, the single-room houses with an area of just 71 m2 have a small yard on their front side and a balcony overlooking the lake at the back. The two other terraces, located on side of the lake, perpendicular to the road. They have a Z-shaped layout with a front yard in association with the studio on their east side, the houses are available to members of Kunstnersamfundet. There is an event each year in September where residents open up their homes. Kunstnerhjemmet Official website Images on Arkitekturbilleder. dk
Fraxinus excelsior — known as the ash, or European ash or common ash to distinguish it from other types of ash — is a flowering plant species in the olive family Oleaceae. It is native throughout mainland Europe east to the Caucasus and Alborz mountains, the northernmost location is in the Trondheimsfjord region of Norway. The species is cultivated and reportedly naturalised in New Zealand and in scattered locales in the United States. It is a deciduous tree growing to 12–18 m tall with a trunk up to 2 m diameter, with a tall. The bark is smooth and pale grey on young trees, becoming thick, the shoots are stout, greenish-grey, with jet black buds. These features distinguish ash from ash in which the leaves are alternate with paired stipules. The leaves are often among the last to open in spring, the flowers are borne in short panicles, open before the leaves, and have no perianth. The female flowers are longer than the male flowers, dark purple, without petals. Both male and female flowers can occur on the same tree, a tree that is all male one year can produce female flowers the next, and similarly a female tree can become male.
The fruit is a samara 2. 5–4.5 cm long and 5–8 mm broad, often hanging in bunches through the winter, European Ash rarely exceeds 250 years of age. However, there are numerous specimens estimated between 200 and 250 years old and there are a few over 250, the largest is in Clapton Court, England and is 9 m in girth. There are several examples over 4.5 metres in Derbyshire alone, Fraxinus excelsior is native to Europe from northern Spain to Russia, and from southern Scandinavia to northern Greece. It is considered native in southwestern Asia from northern Turkey east to the Caucasus, the northernmost location is in the Trondheimsfjord region of Norway. It is native throughout the British Isles, particularly on limestone, as in northern Scotland, Ash occurs on a wide range of soil types, but is particularly associated with basic soils on calcareous substrates. As a young seedling it is tolerant, but as an older tree is light demanding. It is an early succession species and may well out compete beech and oak, unlike other Fraxinus species, F. excelsior does not form ectomycorrhizas.
A number of Lepidoptera use the species as a food source, see Lepidoptera which feed on ashes. In the UK, many invertebrates have been found to feed on Ash
Hareskovbanen is one of six radial S-train lines in Copenhagen. It connects the city center to a number of northwestern suburbs, the line was opened in 1906 as part of the private København-Slangerup Jernbane which went to Slangerup, about two thirds from Farum to Frederikssund. Its terminus in Copenhagen was København L, close to present day Nørrebro station on the S-train ring line - the station building of this still stands. For the first many years, a part of the traffic consisted of leisure trips by the large working population of Nørrebro to the Hareskoven forest. Over the years, the economy of the railway company declined. After World War II the railway was so run down that the state railways DSB had to take it over in 1948, a few years later, in 1954, the outer end of the line between Farum and Slangerup was abandoned as it was unprofitable. Plans to convert the line to S-trains had been discussed for decades, the act was not followed by sufficient allocations of public money, and it would take until 1977 until S-trains could begin running on the line.
Therefore, in the eventual S-train conversion the innermost few kilometers in the line were abandoned and replaced by a large S-curve that connected it to the existing S-train trunk at Svanemøllen, a new overpass and interchange with the ring line was built at Ryparken. København L was abandoned and the terminus of the trains moved to Svanemøllen in early 1976, and a year. This was the longest single addition to the S-train network so far and this indirect approach means that the travel time between this radial and the city center is relatively high, which makes it less attractive relative to more direct buses. Several of the stations on the line are among the least patronized S-train stations, the basic service is the all-stops service A between København H and Farum. In the rush hours on Monday through Friday it is supplemented by the limited-stop service H, before 2007 the line was mainly served by service H, and B. The few hundred meters of track between the platforms at Farum and the bridge across Fiskebæk valley is the remaining piece of single-tracked railway on the S-train network
Fagus sylvatica, the European beech or common beech, is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech family Fagaceae. Fagus sylvatica is a tree, capable of reaching heights of up to 50 m tall and 3 m trunk diameter, though more typically 25–35 m tall. A 10-year-old sapling will stand about 4 m tall and it has a typical lifespan of 150–200 years, though sometimes up to 300 years. In cultivated forest stands trees are harvested at 80–120 years of age. 30 years are needed to attain full maturity, like most trees, its form depends on the location, in forest areas, F. sylvatica grows to over 30 m, with branches being high up on the trunk. In open locations, it will become shorter and more massive. The leaves are alternate and entire or with a crenate margin, 5–10 cm long and 3–7 cm broad. When crenate, there is one point at each vein tip, the buds are long and slender, 15–30 mm long and 2–3 mm thick, but thicker where the buds include flower buds. The leaves of beech are often not abscissed in the autumn and this particularly occurs when trees are saplings or when plants are clipped as a hedge, but it often continues to occur on the lower branches when the tree is mature.
Small quantities of seeds may be produced around 10 years of age, F. sylvatica male flowers are borne in the small catkins which are a hallmark of the Fagales order. Flower and seed production is abundant in years following a hot and dry summer. In the Balkans, it shows some hybridisation with oriental beech, in the southern part of its range around the Mediterranean, it grows only in mountain forests, at 600–1,800 m altitude. Although often regarded as native in southern England, recent evidence suggests that F, the beech is classified as a native in the south of England and as a non-native in the north where it is often removed from native woods. Localised pollen records have recorded in the North of England from the Iron Age by Sir Harry Godwin. It is often planted in Britain, the nature of Norwegian beech populations is subject to debate. If native, they would represent the range of the species. However, molecular analyses support the hypothesis that these populations represent intentional introduction from Denmark before.
However, the beech in Vestfold and at Seim north of Bergen in Norway is now spreading naturally, though not demanding of its soil type, the European beech has several significant requirements, a humid atmosphere and well-drained soil
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization. The Bronze Age is the principal period of the three-age Stone-Bronze-Iron system, as proposed in modern times by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen. An ancient civilization is defined to be in the Bronze Age either by smelting its own copper and alloying with tin, arsenic, or other metals, or by trading for bronze from production areas elsewhere. Copper-tin ores are rare, as reflected in the fact there were no tin bronzes in Western Asia before trading in bronze began in the third millennium BC. Worldwide, the Bronze Age generally followed the Neolithic period, with the Chalcolithic serving as a transition, although the Iron Age generally followed the Bronze Age, in some areas, the Iron Age intruded directly on the Neolithic. Bronze Age cultures differed in their development of the first writing, according to archaeological evidence, cultures in Mesopotamia and Egypt developed the earliest viable writing systems.
The overall period is characterized by use of bronze, though the place and time of the introduction. Human-made tin bronze technology requires set production techniques, tin must be mined and smelted separately, added to molten copper to make bronze alloy. The Bronze Age was a time of use of metals. The dating of the foil has been disputed, the Bronze Age in the ancient Near East began with the rise of Sumer in the 4th millennium BC. Societies in the region laid the foundations for astronomy and mathematics, the usual tripartite division into an Early and Late Bronze Age is not used. Instead, a division based on art-historical and historical characteristics is more common. The cities of the Ancient Near East housed several tens of thousands of people, ur in the Middle Bronze Age and Babylon in the Late Bronze Age similarly had large populations. The earliest mention of Babylonia appears on a tablet from the reign of Sargon of Akkad in the 23rd century BC, the Amorite dynasty established the city-state of Babylon in the 19th century BC.
Over 100 years later, it took over the other city-states. Babylonia adopted the written Semitic Akkadian language for official use, by that time, the Sumerian language was no longer spoken, but was still in religious use. Elam was an ancient civilization located to the east of Mesopotamia, in the Old Elamite period, Elam consisted of kingdoms on the Iranian plateau, centered in Anshan, and from the mid-2nd millennium BC, it was centered in Susa in the Khuzestan lowlands. Its culture played a role in the Gutian Empire and especially during the Achaemenid dynasty that succeeded it
Their combined population stands at 763,908. The Municipality of Copenhagen is the most populous in the country with a population of 602,481 inhabitants, the municipal seat of government is the Copenhagen City Hall. The Lord Mayor of Copenhagen is Frank Jensen, since 2010, the relationship between Copenhagen Municipality and the wider city of Copenhagen is one of an administrative unit within a significantly larger city, cf. the City of London or the City of Brussels. In the Middle Ages, Copenhagen was defined as the area enclosed within the city walls, the city centre lies in the area originally defined by the old ramparts, which are still referred to as the Fortification Ring and kept as a partial green band around it. In 1856 the ramparts were pulled down allowing for growth and expansion, in 1901 the city expanded to include Amager and Valby, while Frederiksberg became an enclave within the municipality. The Finger Plan in the half of the 20th century led to expansion outside of the municipal boundary.
Copenhagen Municipality was one of the three last Danish municipalities not belonging to a county, the others being Frederiksberg Municipality and Bornholm, on 1 January 2007, the municipality lost its county privileges and became part of Region Hovedstaden. Copenhagen Municipality is a division covering the central city and certain additional areas. It encloses Frederiksberg Municipality and stretches east to the waterfront, neighboring municipalities are Gentofte and Herlev to the north, Rødovre and Hvidovre to the west, and Tårnby to the south. The City Hall Square is the old centre of the city, from which an old shopping street leads northeast to Kongens Nytorv, christiansborg Palace, which houses the Danish parliament, is located on the islet of Slotsholmen. The municipality is divided into ten administrative and tax districts, the suffix -bro in the names Østerbro, Nørrebro and Amagerbro should not be confused with the Danish word for bridge, which is bro. The term is thought to be an abbreviation or short form of the Danish word brolagt meaning paved, the two figures for 1 February 1901 are before and after the municipality annexed some nearby parishes.
The apparent decline since the mid-1900s are due to the figures not including the suburban and urban areas - notably Frederiksberg - outside Copenhagen municipality, Copenhagen Municipality is distinct from the wider Copenhagen urban area. The seat of Copenhagens municipal council is the Copenhagen City Hall, the council is chaired by the Lord Mayor—currently Frank Jensen—who oversees the civic duties of the fifty-five representatives of the council. The council usually meets every week at 17,30 on a Thursday. All members of the council are elected every four years, in the municipal elections in November 2013, the Social Democrats remained in first place with 27. 8% of the vote, while the Red-Green Alliance was in second place with 19. 5%. The Social Democrats have claimed the office of mayor for the past 110 years and it has six political committees and a finance committee. The annual budget for the city is proposed in August and finalized in October, the accounting firm Deloitte is responsible for auditing the City of Copenhagens accounts
Bella Center is Scandinavias second largest exhibition and conference center, and is located in Copenhagen, Denmark. Located in Ørestad between the city centre and Copenhagen Airport, it offers an area of 121,800 square metres and has a capacity of 20,000 people. Bella Center takes its name from Bellahøj in northern Copenhagen where the centre was first situated. Its first building was constructed in 1965 to the design of architect Erik Møller, at this stage, Bella Centers new premises were located in an undeveloped area outside the city on the former Amager Commons. With the development of Ørestad, as decided in 1992 with construction start from around the turn of the millennium, when the M1 line of the Copenhagen Metro opened in 2004, it was with a station named for the Bella Center located next to it. Various halls that can be used as congress and exhibition halls Shopping centre with a grocers shop, designed by Danish 3XN Architects, the hotel consists of two inclined towers, standing 76.5 m tall with an inclination in opposite directions of 15°.
The four-star Bella Hotel provides 814 rooms,32 conference rooms,3 restaurants, a sky bar, the foundation stone to Bella Hotel was laid September 17,2008, and the first phase was completed in spring 2011. Bella Center hosts a variety of trade fairs, conventions. Every year, it generally hosts 25-30 large exhibitions as well as around 1,300 meetings of varying sizes, Bella Center station on the M1 line of the Copenhagen Metro is located next to Bella Center. The regional Oresundtrains from Copenhagen and Malmö stop at Ørestad station nearby the Bella Center, from here it is possible to change to the Metro M1 line to go one stop to reach the Bella Center metro station. The Oresundtrains stop at Copenhagen Airport,5 min. from Ørestad station
An agricultural show is a public event exhibiting the equipment, animals and recreation associated with agriculture and animal husbandry. The largest comprise a livestock show, a fair, competitions. The work and practices of farmers, animal fanciers, the terms agricultural show and livestock show are synonymous with the North American terms county fair and state fair. Agricultural shows are an important part of life in small country towns. Larger shows often include live entertainment and fireworks in the main arena, the first known agricultural show was held by Salford Agricultural Society, Lancashire, in 1768. Since the 19th century, agricultural shows have provided people with an opportunity to celebrate achievements. City shows provide city people with an opportunity to engage directly with rural life, agriculture shows are often enlivened with competitive events, including sheaf tossing, show jumping, food competitions, and tent pegging. Demolition Derbys and rodeos are popular in the US and campdrafting, studs are generally available for a fee. A livestock show is an event where livestock are exhibited and judged on certain phenotypical breed traits as specified by their breed standard.
Species of livestock that may be shown include pigs, sheep, horses, poultry such as chickens, ducks and pigeons are shown competitively. There are shows for rabbits, sheepdogs. Prize-winners at agricultural shows are generally awarded inscribed medals, the National Museum of Australia has a rare collection of medals documenting the history of agricultural shows and rural industries across Australia. The 111 medals range in date from the mid-19th to the early 20th century and many are associated with significant individuals, related to a show is the field day, with elements of a trade show for machinery and skills required for broadacre farming. Field days typically do not involve livestock, showbags or sideshows, in some communities in northern England Field Days have lost their agricultural character and have become community celebrations. Pecan growers were given a talk on insect control by an entomologist at a recent field day at LSU AgCenter’s Pecan Research/Extension Station in Shreveport, a Landcare survey conducted in 1992/93 revealed that field days in Australia have a high value among local farmers.
New Zealands National Agricultural Fieldays is held annually in June at Mystery Creek, near Hamilton, New Zealand, smaller shows, held annually in New Zealands towns and communities, are generally called agricultural and pastoral shows. The Denbigh Show has enjoyed success as the Caribbeans premier agricultural event and epitomizes wholesome family entertainment and attracts over 80,000 patrons to the event annually