Ethnic villages are a basic administrative district within China designated for minority ethnic groups. The villages are designated by the government within geographical regions where minority groups live; the approval and establishment of a village is most the responsibility of provincial governments and prefectural governments, however villages are established with different requirement standards. According to a local ordinance regarding the protection of interests relating to minority group villages, a meeting is held where 30% of participants belong to a minority group. In Hubei province, villages where minorities account for 50% of the population are designated as minority group villages. In 2005, the Program to Support the Ethnic Minorities with Small Populations was formulated and implemented, covering 640 different ethnic-minority villages as recipients of assistance. Rucheng County: 17 Villages of China Urban village Organic Law of Village Committees Residential community#China Ftp.iza.org Faculty.washington.edu Wds.worldbank.org "Ethnic minority village opens in China".
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Rize Castle is a partly-ruined medieval castle located in Rize, northeastern Turkey. Rize Castle is situated on a hill southwest of the city center, offers a panoramic view of the city; the castle consists of the lower castle. It is believed that the citadel was built during the reign of Byzantine emperor Justinian I, the lower castle dates back to the 13th century, it covers an area ıf 480 m2. The fortification's walls, built in ashlar and mortar, are 2–20 m high and 2–3 m thick. Between the cylinder-formed bastions, there are overhung support towers in various forms such as square and round. Today, some of the ruined castle walls are buried under reinforced concrete streets; the castle walls in the southern part were restored in 1989. The Ministry of Culture and Tourism launched a project for the restoration of Rize Castle in 2011