Ahetze was a village in the traditional Basque province of Labourd and is now a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aheztars; the commune is located some 13 km southwest of Bayonne and 30 km northeast of Donostia-San-Sebastion and only 4 km from the Atlantic beaches of Bidart and Guéthary. Ahetze village is at the intersection of departmental roads D655 from Arbonne to Bidart and D855 from Saint-Pee-sur-Nivelle to Saint-Jean-de-Luz; the commune can be accessed from Exit 3 from the A63 autoroute. The Biarritz–Anglet–Bayonne Airport is 15-minute drive from the village. Located in the watershed of the Adour, the commune is traversed by a tributary of the coastal river Uhabia: the Zirikolatzeko erreka and its tributaries, the streams: Amisolako and Besaingo, as well as the Pemartiko erreka, a tributary of the Besaingo. Paul Raymond stated in his Topographical dictionary of Bearn-Basque Country in 1863 that a tributary of the Alborga: the Haïstéchéhé flows through Ahetze after rising in Saint-Pee-sur-Nivelle.
The commune name in Basque is Ahetze. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan suggested that Ahetze comes from aiz meaning "stone" and by extension "high rock"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Lhande: Pierre Lhande, Basque-French Dictionary 1926Origins: Bayonne: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or Chapter: Titles of the Chapter of BayonneAccording to Eugène Goyheneche: "two houses had medieval names of Akarreta and Haranbillaga". In the Middle Ages the Compostela pilgrims who chose the passage along the Atlantic coast passed near Ahetze and the hospital in Sare. Others preferred to fork through part of Ahetze to reach the chapel Saint-Jacques of Serres and visit Vera by passing by Olhette and the Ibardin Pass. List of Successive Mayors of Ahetze Ahetze is a member of 8 Intercommunal organisations: the Agglomeration of'Sud Pays Basque the union of Ouhabia the intercommunal association of secondary schools of Saint-Jean-de-Luz the intercommunal association Nive-Nivelle the mixed association of Bizi Garbia the association to support Basque culture the joint association for drinking water from the Ura the joint sanitation association of the UraThe commune is a member of the Basque Eurocity Bayonne - San Sebastian.
Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the urban area of Bayonne. The 2006 classification by INSEE indicated the median household incomes for each commune with more than 50 households classed Ahetze at the rank of 7,693 with an average income of €17,944; the flea market takes place every third Sunday of the month and attracts lovers of antiques from the Paris region, to the Spanish communes all around and contributes to the economic revitalization of the village which has agricultural activity. The commune part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty; the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces established by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte in 1863 indicated that the Basque dialect spoken in Ahetze was Labourdin. Established in 1971, the Committee of Festivals of Ahetze organises the following events: wheat threshing, dance evenings, a gala of Basque rural sports and employers' festivals that take place between 25 October and 11 November.
The Ostalapia farm, now a restaurant, is a former way station on the road to Saint Jacques de Compostela and long before was a haven for the Guethariars and Bidartars when they were attacked by pirates from the ocean or by robbers. There are some boulders once used for walls in the parking area; some old Baserri dating from the 17th and 18th centuries, some of which have been extended over time. New construction follows the Labourdin style; the Church of Saint Martin is registered as an historical monument. The church contains a number of items that are registered as historical objects: A Retable and 7 Paintings A Processional Cross; this cross, whose arms are garnished with bells, was used in witchcraft trials in the year 1609 to the outrage of Councilor Lancre who saw it as an evil object. The carvings on the Cross represent the faces of Christ, the Virgin, Saint John, a pelican, two women's heads. On the back of the cross there is the representation of a bishop, undoubtedly Saint Martin. A Statue: Virgin of the Assumption A Statue: Saint Jacques dressed as a pilgrim Eugène Goyheneche noted that the church quite exceptionally possessed a register of Catholics in Basque.
The Church Picture Gallery On the heights of Ahetze all the Basque mountains near the Atlantic are visible: the Rhune, the Mondarrain, the Artzamendi, the Ursuia in France as well as the Three Crowns in Spain. Ahetze has two Frontons, one is old and built into the wall of the town hall, a second was completed in 2008 as part of the new development of the town. A Trinquet called. A marked fitness trail runs through the south-east of the village. Ahetze has a nursery. Ahetze has several health services: a general practitioner, a dentist, a nurse, a physiotherapist, a speech therapist. Mattin Treku, born on 11 November 1916 in Ahetze and died on 22 July 1981 in th
Appellation d'origine contrôlée
The appellation d'origine contrôlée is the French certification granted to certain French geographical indications for wines, cheeses and other agricultural products, all under the auspices of the government bureau Institut national des appellations d'origine, now called Institut national de l'origine et de la qualité. It is based on the concept of terroir; the origins of AOC date to the year 1411. The first French law on viticultural designations of origin dates to August 1, 1905, whereas the first modern law was set on May 6, 1919, when the Law for the Protection of the Place of Origin was passed, specifying the region and commune in which a given product must be manufactured, has been revised on many occasions since then. On July 30, 1935, the Comité National des appellations d'origine, with representatives of the government and the major winegrowers, was created to manage the administration of the process for wines at the initiative of deputy Joseph Capus. In the Rhône wine region Baron Pierre Le Roy Boiseaumarié, a trained lawyer and winegrower from Châteauneuf-du-Pape obtained legal recognition of the "Côtes du Rhône" appellation of origin in 1936.
After World War II the committee became the public-private Institut National des Appellations d'Origine. The AOC seal was mandated by French laws in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. On July 2, 1990, the scope of work of the INAO was extended beyond wines to cover other agricultural products. AOCs vary in size; some cover vast expanses with a variety of climatic and soil characteristics, while others are small and uniform. For example, the Côtes du Rhône AOC "covers some 400 square kilometres, but within its area lies one of the smallest AOCs, Château-Grillet, which occupies less than 4 hectares of land." The INAO guarantees that all AOC products will hold to a rigorous set of defined standards. The organization stresses that AOC products will be produced in a consistent and traditional manner with ingredients from classified producers in designated geographical areas; the products must further be aged at least in the respective designated area. Under French law, it is illegal to manufacture and sell a product under one of the AOC-controlled geographical indications if it does not comply with the criteria of the AOC.
AOC products can be identified by a seal, printed on the label in wines, with cheeses, on the rind. To prevent any possible misrepresentation, no part of an AOC name may be used on a label of a product not qualifying for that AOC; this strict label policy can lead to confusion in cases where towns share names with appellations. If the town of origin of a product contains a controlled appellation in its name, the producer is enjoined from listing anything more than a cryptic postal code. For example, there are a dozen townships in l'Aude that have Cabardès in their names, several of which are not within the geographical boundaries of the Cabardès AOC. Any vineyard that produces wine in one of those towns must not mention the name of the town of origin on the product labels. There are over 300 French wines entitled to the designation AOC on their label. Legislation concerning the way vineyards are identified makes recognizing the various AOCs challenging for wine drinkers not accustomed to the system.
Distinguishing classifications requires knowledge of esoteric label laws such as "Unless the wine is from a Premier Cru vineyard, the vineyard name must be printed in characters no more than half the height of the ones used for the village name"On the other hand, while the process of label approval is enforced to the millimetre, the quality control for the wine in the bottle is much less strict. While a blind taster must approve the wine for it to receive AOC classification, this tasting occurs before the product is bottled, by a local expert who may well have ties to the local vintners. If the taster is objective, the wine sample may not be representative of the actual product, there is no way to verify that the finished bottled product is the same as the original AOC sample. In 1925, Roquefort became the first cheese to be awarded an AOC label, since over 40 cheeses have been assigned AOC status. On August 15, 1957, the National Assembly gave AOC status to the poultry of Bresse. In 2006, it awarded AOC status to salt marsh lamb raised in the Bay of the Somme.
In 1981, the AOC label was given to Haute-Provence Lavender Essential Oil. It refers to a high-quality production and concerns only the essential oil of fine lavender - Lavandula angustifolia; the fields must be located within a specific territory at a minimum altitude of 800 meters. This geographic area covers 284 communities in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Hautes-Alpes, Drôme and Vaucluse regions. Lentils from Le Puy-en-Velay have AOC status. Honey from the island of Corsica has been given AOC status. There are six certified varietals of Corsican honey: Printemps, Maquis de printemps, Miellats du maquis, Châtaigneraie, Maquis d'été, Maquis d'automne. France recognizes the Charente, Charente-Maritime, Deux-Sèvres and Vendée AOC regions for butter; the Beurre Charentes-Poitou has been assigned AOC status in 1979. Armagnac, Calvados and Martinique Rhum Agricole all have AOC status. Many other countries have based their controlled place name systems on th
Amorots-Succos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Amoroztar in Basque Amorots-Succos is located some 50 km east by south-east of Bayonne and 10 km north-west of Saint-Palais in the former Basque province of Lower Navarre, it can be accessed by the D123 road from Beguios in the east passing west through the village and the commune and continuing to La Bastide-Clairence. The D14 from Meharin to Garris passes through the southern tip of the commune; the commune is mixed farmland with no other villages or hamlets. Numerous streams rise and flow through the commune including the Ruisseau d'Isaac Berds which forms part of the western border and flows to the Laharanne which joins the Lihoury far to the north, the Jelesseko Erika forming the south-eastern border, the Ruisseau de Cherrits in the south, the Ruisseau d'Otherguy, many other unnamed streams. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval proposed a forest origin for Amorots meaning "the land of oaks".
Succos derives from the Basque zoko meaning "isolated country". The current spelling in Basque is Amorotze-Zokotze. Pierre Lhande, in his Basque-French Dictionary, indicated the spelling Sokueze for Succos; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Chapter: Chapter of Soule Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Irissarry: Regulations of the Commandry of Irissarry The village of Succos was united with Amorots on 16 August 1841. List of Successive Mayors The commune belongs to six inter-communal associations: The Community of Communes of Amikuze the AEP Association of Mixe Country the Energy Association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques the inter-communal association for the operation of schools in Amikuze the Association to promote Basque culture the educational grouping association for Amorots-Succos, Arraute-Charritte, Béguios, Orègue In 1350 there were 5 fires at Amorots and 10 at Succos.
The fiscal census of 1412-1413 carried out on the orders of Charles III of Navarre compared to the census of 1551 of men and arms that are present in the Kingdom of Navarre on this side of the ports revealed a population in high growth. The first census showed 4 fires at Amorots while the second showed 13; the same at Succos: the first census showed 5 fires and the second 19. The census of the population of Lower Navarre in 1695 counted 40 fires at 32 at Succos; the total at the 1758 census was 74 fires at Amorots. In 2009 the commune had 228 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 From 1793 to 1836 the population above was only for Amorots, separate from Succos.
The population for Succos for that period is shown below: The commune forms part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte the dialect of Basque spoken in Amendeuix-Oneix is eastern low Navarrese. Two religious sites in the commune are registered as historical monuments: The Church of Saint-Martin of Succos and old Guardhouse, The cemetery wall serves as a fronton; the Parish Church of Saint Luce at Amorots. Education Amorots-Succos, Masparraute, Orègue, Béguios, Arraute-Charritte are associated through an educational regrouping Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department AMOROTZE-ZOKOTZE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Amorots-Succos on Lion1906 Amorots-Succos on Google Maps Amorots-Succos on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Amorots and Succos on the 1750 Cassini Map Amorots-Succos on the INSEE website INSEE
Abos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Abosiens or Abosiennes. Abos is located 15 km north-west of Pau and 20 km southeast of Lescar, on the left bank of the Gave de Pau, the north east boundary of the commune. Highway D2 passes through the commune; the southeastern boundary of the commune is formed by Highway D229. The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, with the Gave de Pau in the northeast and a number of streams in the commune feed into the La Baise river and Juscle. Bagneres Cap de Castel Chateau of Abos Idernes Le Moulin d'en Bas Le Moulin d'en Haut Peyré Saint-Laurent The name Abos is mentioned in 1116 and 1234 and in the 13th century, it appears in the forms: Abossium Abos Abous Abos (1630 Pierre de Marca and in 1750 on the Cassini Map. Michel Grosclaude proposed a Latin etymology of Avus with the aquitaine suffix -ossum; the commune name in Béarnais is Abòs.
Aubrun was a farm in Abos, mentioned in 1538 as La boyrie aperade d'Aubrun, Reformation of Béarn B. 637 in the 1863 dictionary. Cap de Castel is a hamlet in Abos mentioned by the dictionary in 1863. Paul Raymond said in 1863 that the Chateau of Abos or Castet-d'Abos, was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn. Donadon was a fief under the Viscounts of Béarn, mentioned in 1538; the fief of Idernes was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn and appeared in the forms: Ydernas and Ydernes. Maucor was a fief of Abos, cited with the spelling of L'ostau de Maucoo in 1385 in the Census of Béarn; this fief was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn restored to the Bailiwick of Lagor and Pardies as was Saint Jean, another fief of Abos mentioned in 1385 in the form of L'ostau de Sent-Johan d'Abos. Saint-Laurent, a hamlet and fief of Abos under the Viscounts of Béarn, was restored to the Bailiwick of Lagor and Pardies, it was mentioned in the forms Sent-Laurentz d'Abos and Saint-Laurens d'Abos. Paul Raymond noted that the commune had a Lay Abbey a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn and in 1385, Abos depended on the bailiwick of Lagos and Pardies with 49 fires.
The Lord of Abos was of the first rank after the Barons of Béarn. List of Successive Mayors of Abos The town is a member of nine inter-communal organisations: the community of communes of Lacq SIVU for the development and management of the river basin of the baïse AEP union for the Gave and the baïse. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the Jurançon AOC and Béarn AOC vineyard regions. Activity in the commune is agricultural; the commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone designation of Ossau-iraty. The 2006 classification of INSEE, indicated the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households ranked Abos at 7513, for an income of €18,000 per person; the Church of Saint John the Baptist dates to the 19th century. The town has a primary school. Didier Courrèges is a French horseman, a former high level event rider and a member of the Cadre Noir - elite instructors at the National Riding School of Saumur.
He now lives in Abos. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Abos on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Abos on the 1750 Cassini Map Abos on the INSEE website INSEE
Ainharp is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ainharbars. Or Ainharbear. Ainharp is located some 50 km west by southwest of Pau, 15 km southeast of Saint-Palais, 10 km north-west of Mauleon-Licharre, it is part of the former province of Soule. The commune can be accessed by road D242 from Lohitzun-Oyhercq in the west passing through the village and continuing southeast to Mauleon-Licharre; the D344 road goes to the north from the village through the commune east to Espes-Undurein. The commune terrain is undulating of mixed forest. Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is the source of numerous streams including the Lagardoye which forms part of the south-eastern border, the Quihilleri which forms much of the western border, the Lafaure which forms much of the northern border; the commune name in Basque is Ainharbe. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan proposed two etymological interpretations: a meaning of "low heather" from ilharr meaning "heather" and -be or "height of the low rocks" from gain meaning "high" and har meaning "rock" that indicates the high position of the village on the left bank of the Saison.
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque ToponymyOrigins: Notaries: Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche Ohix:Contracts retained by Ohix, Notary of Soule Insinuations: Insinuations of the Diocese of Oloron Reformation: Reformation of Béarn Paul Raymond noted on page 4 of his 1863 dictionary that the commune was a former priory in the diocese of Oloron and that there was a hospital for pilgrims. List of Successive Mayors of Ainharp Mayors from 1929 Ainharp is a member of seven intercommunal structures: the community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa the association to support Basque culture the intercommunal association of the Valley the intercommunal association for the construction and operation of the CES of Mauleon the AEP association for Soule Country the remediation association for Soule Country the energy association of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques The activity is agricultural.
The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. The commune has a church which dates back to the 11th century and a Calvary-Bell Tower from the 17th century, its cemetery features Hilarri dating from the time of the bell tower. The village is located on a secondary road of the pilgrimage to Saint Jacques de Compostela which passes on the highway to Ports de Cize, the priory of Saint-Palais to Saint-Michel-le-Vieux which had a hospice for pilgrims called Benta to L'Hôpital-Saint-Blaise, Pagolle, Haux and Ordiarp; the commune has a primary school. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department AINHARBE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Ainharp on Lion1906 Ainharp on Google Maps Ainharp on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Ainharp on the 1750 Cassini Map Ainharp on the INSEE website INSEE
Pyrénées-Atlantiques is a department in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, in southwestern France. It takes its name from the Atlantic Ocean, it covers the Béarn. Named Basses-Pyrénées, it is one of the first 83 departments of France created during the French Revolution, on 4 March 1790, it was created out of parts belonging to the former greater province of Guyenne and Gascony, as well as the Béarn-Navarre, i.e. the Basques provinces of Basse-Navarre, Labourd and Soule, Béarn. The 1790 administrative design brought about the end of native laws; the Basque third-estate representatives overtly opposed the new administrative layout since it suppressed their institutions and laws. The representatives of Lower Navarre refused to vote arguing that they were not part of the Kingdom of France, those of Soule voted against, while the brothers Garat, representing Labourd voted yes, thinking that would give them a say in upcoming political decisions. On 10 October 1969, Basses-Pyrénées was renamed Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Pyrénées-Atlantiques is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwest France. It is bordered by Hautes-Pyrénées, Gers departments and the Bay of Biscay. Principal settlements include Pau, Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Biarritz, Anglet, Saint-Jean-de-Luz and Hendaye. Lac Gentau is located here. Pyrénées-Atlantiques, a border province, has cultivated a number of economic and cultural links with Spain. Two urban concentrations exist in the east and west of the département: Pau, which has 145,000 inhabitants, 344,000 workers in the local area. Both the Gascon Bearnese variant and Basque language are indigenous to the region in their respective districts. Gascon in turn is a dialect of Occitan the main language of southern France, it is more related to Catalan than it is to French. Basque is a language isolate, not related to any known language. Today, the sole official language of the French Republic, is the predominant native language and is spoken by all inhabitants. Pyrénées-Atlantiques is home to a number of professional sports teams, including Aviron Bayonnais, Biarritz Olympique, Section Paloise, Élan Béarnais Pau-Orthez and Pau FC.
The Pau Grand Prix, an auto race first held in 1901, has hosted the World Touring Car Championship, British Formula Three, Formula 3 Euro Series and FIA European Formula 3 Championship. The coat of arms of Pyrénées-Atlantiques combines those of four traditional provinces: Béarn Labourd Lower Navarre Soule Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department General Council website Archives of the Pyrenees-Atlantiques department website Photography Panoramics 360° website Prefecture official website Pyrenees-Atlantiques at Curlie Pyrenees-Atlantiques Monuments, Villages and Attractions Information on living and visiting Pyrenees Atlantiques
Aast is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants are known as Aastais; the local pronunciation is aas with a nasalised'a' and a silent't'. The village is composed of a dozen scattered houses. Aast is 20 km north of Lourdes. Access to the commune is by road D70 D311 north-east from Gardères, road D64 north-west from Ger, road D311 when coming south from Ponson-Dessus. Other country roads can be used to access the commune. Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, Aast is traversed by the Carbouère stream, a tributary of the Louet river. Aast is the first French commune in alphabetical order. Aas, another commune in the Lower Pyrenees, came first until 1861, when it merged with the commune of Assouste to form the new commune of Eaux-Bonnes; the commune's Béarnais name is Aast. According to Dauzat and Rostaing Aast comes from the Basque ast; this seems unlikely given the physical setting. Michel Grosclaude suggests that the name of the town derives from an anthroponym composed of Aner + Aster.
Brigitte Jobbé-Duval recalls that in 1429, Aast appeared as Hast, which means lance, therefore advanced the theory that Aast could refer to a battle that occurred there. The following table details the origins of the commune name. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750Origins: Census: Census of Montaner Reformation: Reformation of Béarn There was a Lay Abbey in Aast, abolished in 1791; the Lordship of Aast was owned by the Day family from 1674 until the French Revolution. In 1678, Jérome de Day, adviser to the king, bought the abbey and tithes with rights of patronage: he was to provide a priest and entitled to receive a portion of the tithe, to sit in the choir, to be first to receive the blessed bread, to be buried in the church. List of Successive Mayors of Aast Mayors from 1942 Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicating the median household incomes for each commune with more than 50 households ranked Aast at 5274, with an average annual income of €18,858.
The town has a number of old farmhouses: The Fray Farmhouse A Farmhouse at Bayet Houses and Farms The Church of Saint Martin dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours was built under Napoleon III during the administration of Mayor Bartholomew Lassus. Renovated by the artist Villarubias, there are many objects in the church registered as historical objects: A Processional Lantern A Thurible A Pail for holy water A Painting: Christ on the cross with the Virgin, Saint Madeleine and Saint Martin 2 Paintings: Saint Martin Bishop, the Charity of St. Martin Statue: Saint Joseph Altar Pulpit A Pulpit 2 Altars and Tabernacles The Main Altar 5 stained glass windows by Henri Gesta The Furniture in the Church Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Aast on Lion1906 Aast on the 1750 Cassini Map Aast on the INSEE website INSEE