Grant Withers was an American film actor. With early beginnings in the silent era, Withers moved into talkies establishing himself with a list of headlined features as a young, as his career progressed, his importance diminished, but he did manage a 10-year contract at Republic Pictures. Born Granville G. Withers in Pueblo, Withers worked as an oil company salesman and his more-than-30-year acting career took off in the late 1920s. Taller than John Wayne and just as tough, yet capable of sensitivity, Withers early work had him opposite such major talent as W. C. Fields, Buster Keaton, Boris Karloff, Mae West, appearing in The Red-Haired Alibi with Temple, he played the role of her first on-screen parent. Starring roles in major pictures dwindled to supporting parts, mainly as villains in B-movies, starring Boris Karloff, beginning in 1938. He was under a Republic Pictures contract from February 1944 through April 1954, Withers credits at Republic total about sixty films from 1937 to 1957. After 1940, he was an actor and a popular Western tough guy.
He took numerous supporting roles in television as his popularity in films waned and he guest-starred as baseball Coach Whitey Martin in the 1956 episode The Comeback of the religion anthology series Crossroads. In 1958, Withers portrayed the wealthy rancher Sam Barton in the episode The Return of Dr. Thackeray of CBSs Have Gun - Will Travel. In the segment, lead character Paladin, played by Richard Boone, Dr. Thackeray diagnoses a cook with smallpox and worries that the disease will infect the ranch hands when Barton refuses to permit his men to be vaccinated. Singer Johnny Western, who performed the Have Gun - Will Travel theme song, Withers appeared in two other Have Gun – Will Travel episodes. That year he played Charles Stewart Brent, owner of the Brent Building in Los Angeles, where Perry Mason had his office, and the defendant in the Perry Mason episode The Case of the Gilded Lily. In 1959, shortly before his death, Withers was cast in the episode Feeling His Oats of the NBC childrens western series Fury, starring Peter Graves and Bobby Diamond.
He appeared that year as Sheriff Charlie Clayton in the episode A Matter of Friendship in John Bromfields crime drama U. S. Marshal and his last role, in 1959, was as Ed Martin in The Ringer of the Rory Calhoun western series The Texan. In total, Withers appeared in two hundred film and television roles. In 1930, at twenty-six, he eloped to Yuma, the marriage was widely reported and ended in annulment in 1931. The annulment took place just as their second movie together, titled Too Young to Marry, was released and he was married to Gladys Joyce Walsh
AllMovie is an online guide service website with information about films, television programs, and screen actors. As of 2013, AllMovie. com and the AllMovie consumer brand are owned by All Media Network, AllMovie was founded by popular-culture archivist Michael Erlewine, who founded AllMusic and AllGame. The AllMovie database was licensed to tens of thousands of distributors and retailers for point-of-sale systems, the AllMovie database is comprehensive, including basic product information and production credits, plot synopsis, professional reviews, relational links and more. AllMovie data was accessed on the web at the AllMovie. com website and it was available via the AMG LASSO media recognition service, which can automatically recognize DVDs. In late 2007, Macrovision acquired AMG for a reported $72 million, the AMG consumer facing web properties AllMusic. com, AllMovie. com and AllGame. com were sold by Rovi in August 2013 to All Media Network, LLC. The buyers include the founders of SideReel and Ackrell Capital investor Mike Ackrell.
All Media Network offices are located in San Francisco, AllMusic AllGame SideReel All Media Network Official website
Cowboys and gunslingers typically wear Stetson hats, spurs, cowboy boots and buckskins. Other characters include Native Americans, lawmen, bounty hunters, mounted cavalry, Westerns often stress the harshness of the wilderness and frequently set the action in an arid, desolate landscape of deserts and mountains. Often, the vast landscape plays an important role, presenting a. mythic vision of the plains, specific settings include ranches, small frontier towns, saloons and isolated military forts of the Wild West. Many Westerns use a plot of depicting a crime, showing the pursuit of the wrongdoer, ending in revenge and retribution. The Western was the most popular Hollywood genre, from the early 20th century to the 1960s, Western films first became well-attended in the 1930s. John Fords landmark Western adventure Stagecoach became one of the biggest hits in 1939, Westerns were very popular throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Many of the most acclaimed Westerns were released during this time – including High Noon, The Searchers, the Western depicts a society organized around codes of honor and personal, direct or private justice–frontier justice–dispensed by gunfights.
These honor codes are played out through depictions of feuds or individuals seeking personal revenge or retribution against someone who has wronged them. The popular perception of the Western is a story that centers on the life of a semi-nomadic wanderer, a showdown or duel at high noon featuring two or more gunfighters is a stereotypical scene in the popular conception of Westerns. In some ways, such protagonists may be considered the descendants of the knight errant which stood at the center of earlier extensive genres such as the Arthurian Romances. And like knights errant, the heroes of Westerns frequently rescue damsels in distress, the wandering protagonists of Westerns share many characteristics with the ronin in modern Japanese culture. The Western typically takes these elements and uses them to tell simple morality tales, Westerns often stress the harshness and isolation of the wilderness and frequently set the action in an arid, desolate landscape. Apart from the wilderness, it is usually the saloon that emphasizes that this is the Wild West, it is the place to go for music, gambling, drinking and shooting.
The American Film Institute defines western films as those set in the American West that embodies the spirit, the struggle, the term Western, used to describe a narrative film genre, appears to have originated with a July 1912 article in Motion Picture World Magazine. Most of the characteristics of Western films were part of 19th century popular Western fiction and were firmly in place before film became an art form. Protagonists ride between dusty towns and cattle ranches on their trusty steeds, Western films were enormously popular in the silent film era. With the advent of sound in 1927-28, the major Hollywood studios rapidly abandoned Westerns, leaving the genre to smaller studios and these smaller organizations churned out countless low-budget features and serials in the 1930s. Released through United Artists, Stagecoach made John Wayne a mainstream star in the wake of a decade of headlining B westerns
Trigger was a 15.3 hands palomino horse made famous in American Western films with his owner and rider, cowboy star Roy Rogers. Trigger was born in San Diego, though often mistaken for a Tennessee Walking Horse, his sire was a Thoroughbred and his dam a grade mare who, like Trigger, was a palomino. Horses other than Golden Cloud portrayed Trigger over the years, none of which was related to Golden Cloud, though Trigger remained a stallion his entire life, he was never bred and has no descendants. On the other hand, Roy Rogers used Trigger Jr, Golden Cloud made an early appearance as the mount of Maid Marian, played by Olivia de Havilland in The Adventures of Robin Hood. A short while later, when Roy Rogers was preparing to make his first movie in a role, he was offered a choice of five rented movie horses to ride. Rogers bought him eventually in 1943 and renamed him Trigger for his quickness of both foot and mind, Trigger learned 150 trick cues and could walk 50 feet on his hind legs. They were said to have run out of places to cue Trigger, Trigger became such a ham that as soon as he heard applause he would start bowing and ruin that trick.
He could sit in a chair, sign his name X with a pencil, lie down for a nap, Rogers most carefully guarded trade secret was to get Trigger housebroken. Spending as much time as he does in hotels and hospitals, —Glenn Randall, wrangler with Hudkins Stables. Trigger became the most famous horse in film entertainment, even having his own Dell comic book recounting his exploits, Roy Rogers made many personal appearances with Trigger in tow. More than once Rogers escorted Trigger up 3-4 flights of stairs at hospitals to visit sick children. After the original Trigger died in 1965 at Rogers Hidden Hills, California ranch, Rogers arranged for Everett Wilkensen of Bischoffs Taxidermy in Los Angeles, the mount was moved with the museum to first Victorville, California in 1976, and to Branson, Missouri in 2003. At some point, a 24-foot replica of a rearing Trigger was produced to sit atop the Roy Rogers Museum in Victorville, the 1300-pound replica could be seen from the freeway and served as a landmark until the museum closed and moved to Branson.
When the fiberglass replica of Trigger was being made, Rogers was approached by the owners of the Denver Broncos, Rogers allowed another statue to be made and broke the mold. Bucky the Bronco, Triggers twin, stands above the scoreboard of the Denver Broncos stadium. After the closing of the Victorville museum in 2009, its contents were placed at public auction on July 14–15,2010, Triggers preserved taxidermy remains sold for $266,500 to television channel RFD-TV, which plans to start a Western museum. Bob Tinsley, a Victorville developer who had built Roy Rogers home in nearby Apple Valley, tinsleys plan is to make the statue a part of historic Apple Valley Village. He explained, I just couldnt see letting him go anywhere else
Turner Classic Movies
Turner Classic Movies is an American movie-oriented basic cable and satellite television network owned by the Turner Broadcasting System subsidiary of Time Warner. TCM is headquartered at the Techwood Campus in Atlanta, Georgias Midtown business district, the channels programming consisted mainly of featured classic theatrically released feature films from the Turner Entertainment film library – which comprises films from Warner Bros. However, TCM now has licensing deals with other Hollywood film studios as well as its Time Warner sister company, Warner Bros. and occasionally shows more recent films. The channel is available in United States, United Kingdom, Latin America, Spain, Nordic countries, Middle East and Asia-Pacific. In 1986, eight years before the launch of Turner Classic Movies, concerns over Turner Entertainments corporate debt load resulted in Turner selling the studio that October back to Kirk Kerkorian, from whom Turner had purchased the studio less than a year before. As part of the deal, Turner Entertainment retained ownership of MGMs library of films released up to May 9,1986, Turner Broadcasting System was split into two companies, Turner Broadcasting System and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and reincorporated as MGM/UA Communications Co.
The film library of Turner Entertainment would serve as the form of programming for TCM upon the networks launch. After the library was acquired, MGM/UA signed a deal with Turner to continue distributing the pre-May 1986 MGM and to begin distributing the pre-1950 Warner Bros. film libraries for video release. Turner Classic Movies debuted on April 14,1994, at 6,00 p. m. Eastern Time, the date and time were chosen for their historical significance as the exact centennial anniversary of the first public movie showing in New York City. The first movie broadcast on TCM was the 1939 film Gone with the Wind, at the time of its launch, TCM was available to approximately one million cable television subscribers. AMC had broadened its content to feature colorized and more recent films by 2002. In the early 90s AMC abandoned its format, leaving TCM as the only movie-oriented cable channel to devote its programming entirely to classic films without commercial interruption. In 1996, Turner Broadcasting System merged with Time Warner, which besides placing Turner Classic Movies, in March 1999, MGM paid Warner Bros.
and gave up the home video rights to the MGM/UA films owned by Turner to Warner Home Video. In 2008, TCM won a Peabody Award for excellence in broadcasting, in April 2010, Turner Classic Movies held the first TCM Classic Film Festival, an event – now held annually – at the Graumans Chinese Theater and the Graumans Egyptian Theater in Hollywood. In 2007, some of the films featured on TCM were made available for streaming on TCMs website. The networks programming season runs from February until the following March of each year when a retrospective of Oscar-winning and Oscar-nominated movies is shown, called 31 Days of Oscar. Turner Classic Movies presents many of its features in their original aspect ratio whenever possible – widescreen films broadcast on TCM are letterboxed on the standard definition feed. TCM regularly presents widescreen presentations of films not available in the format on any video release
Dale Evans was an American actress and songwriter. She was the wife of singing cowboy Roy Rogers. Dale Evans was born Lucille Wood Smith on October 31,1912 in Uvalde and she had a tumultuous early life. Her name was changed to Frances Octavia Smith while she was still an infant, at age 14, she eloped with her first husband, Thomas F. Fox, with whom she had one son, Thomas F. Fox, Jr. when she was 15. A year later, abandoned by the father, she herself in Memphis, Tennessee. She landed a job with radio stations and playing piano. Divorced in 1929, she took the name Dale Evans in the early 1930s to promote her singing career and she gained exposure on radio as the featured singer for a time on the Edgar Bergen/Charlie McCarthy show. Throughout this early period, Evans went through two additional failed marriages, the first of which was to August Wayne Johns from 1929 to 1935, in 1937, she married her third husband and arranger Robert Dale Butts, they divorced nine years later. Neither of these marriages produced any children, during her time at 20th Century Fox, the studio promoted her as the unmarried supporter of her teenage brother Tommy.
This deception continued through her divorce from Butts in 1946 and her development as a cowgirl co-star to Roy Rogers at Republic Studios. Evans married Roy Rogers on New Years Eve 1947 at the Flying L Ranch in Davis, Oklahoma and Mary Jo Rush were best man and matron of honor. The marriage was Rogers third and Evans fourth but was successful, shortly after the wedding, Evans ended the deception regarding her son, Tommy. Roy had a child and two biological children and Roy Jr. from his second marriage. Together they had one child, Robin Elizabeth, who died of complications of Down syndrome shortly before her second birthday and her life inspired Evans to write her bestseller Angel Unaware. Evans was very influential in changing public perceptions of children with developmental disabilities, after she wrote Angel Unaware, a group known as the “Oklahoma County Council for Mentally Retarded Children” adopted its better-known name Dale Rogers Training Center in her honor. Evans went on to write a number of religious and inspirational books and Dale appeared many times with Billy Graham in Crusades all over the country, singing gospel songs and giving their testimony.
Evans and Rogers would adopt four children, Dodie, Sandy. In addition to her successful TV shows, more than 30 films and some 200 songs, Evans wrote the well-known song Happy Trails
Robert Howard Clifton Young was an American film actor. Born Robert H. Young, the actor played Bonedust in nineteen Our Gang films from 1925 to 1931. As an adult, to avoid confusion with established star Robert Young, he took his mothers maiden name, Young became a contract player at Warner Bros. landing small parts in a number of 1940s film noir and western films. Notable credits include Nora Prentiss, Possessed, Dark Passage, while at Warners Young was featured prominently in the Joe McDoakes comedy shorts. One of Youngs last films was the Roy Rogers western Trail of Robin Hood, september 10,1951, Young died five days before his 34th birthday in a hotel fire that started when he fell asleep while smoking. Clifton Young at the Internet Movie Database Clifton Young at Find a Grave
In 1998 it became a subsidiary of Amazon Inc, who were able to use it as an advertising resource for selling DVDs and videotapes. As of January 2017, IMDb has approximately 4.1 million titles and 7.7 million personalities in its database, the site enables registered users to submit new material and edits to existing entries. Although all data is checked before going live, the system has open to abuse. The site featured message boards which stimulate regular debates and dialogue among authenticated users, IMDb shutdown the message boards permanently on February 20,2017. Anyone with a connection can read the movie and talent pages of IMDb. A registration process is however, to contribute info to the site. A registered user chooses a name for themselves, and is given a profile page. These badges range from total contributions made, to independent categories such as photos, bios, if a registered user or visitor happens to be in the entertainment industry, and has an IMDb page, that user/visitor can add photos to that page by enrolling in IMDbPRO.
Actors and industry executives can post their own resume and this fee enrolls them in a membership called IMDbPro. PRO can be accessed by anyone willing to pay the fee, which is $19.99 USD per month, or if paid annually, $149.99, which comes to approximately $12.50 per month USD. Membership enables a user to access the rank order of each industry personality, as well as agent contact information for any actor, director etc. that has an IMDb page. Enrolling in PRO for industry personnel, enables those members the ability to upload a head shot to open their page, as well as the ability to upload hundreds of photos to accompany their page. Anyone can register as a user, and contribute to the site as well as enjoy its content, however those users enrolled in PRO have greater access and privileges. IMDb originated with a Usenet posting by British film fan and computer programmer Col Needham entitled Those Eyes, others with similar interests soon responded with additions or different lists of their own.
Needham subsequently started an Actors List, while Dave Knight began a Directors List, and Andy Krieg took over THE LIST from Hank Driskill, which would be renamed the Actress List. Both lists had been restricted to people who were alive and working, the goal of the participants now was to make the lists as inclusive as possible. By late 1990, the lists included almost 10,000 movies and television series correlated with actors and actresses appearing therein. On October 17,1990, Needham developed and posted a collection of Unix shell scripts which could be used to search the four lists, at the time, it was known as the rec. arts. movies movie database
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of universal access to all knowledge. As of October 2016, its collection topped 15 petabytes, in addition to its archiving function, the Archive is an activist organization, advocating for a free and open Internet. Its web archive, the Wayback Machine, contains over 150 billion web captures, the Archive oversees one of the worlds largest book digitization projects. Founded by Brewster Kahle in May 1996, the Archive is a 501 nonprofit operating in the United States. It has a budget of $10 million, derived from a variety of sources, revenue from its Web crawling services, various partnerships, donations. Its headquarters are in San Francisco, where about 30 of its 200 employees work, Most of its staff work in its book-scanning centers. The Archive has data centers in three Californian cities, San Francisco, Redwood City, and Richmond, the Archive is a member of the International Internet Preservation Consortium and was officially designated as a library by the State of California in 2007.
Brewster Kahle founded the Archive in 1996 at around the time that he began the for-profit web crawling company Alexa Internet. In October 1996, the Internet Archive had begun to archive and preserve the World Wide Web in large quantities, the archived content wasnt available to the general public until 2001, when it developed the Wayback Machine. In late 1999, the Archive expanded its collections beyond the Web archive, Now the Internet Archive includes texts, moving images, and software. It hosts a number of projects, the NASA Images Archive, the contract crawling service Archive-It. According to its web site, Most societies place importance on preserving artifacts of their culture, without such artifacts, civilization has no memory and no mechanism to learn from its successes and failures. Our culture now produces more and more artifacts in digital form, the Archives mission is to help preserve those artifacts and create an Internet library for researchers and scholars. In August 2012, the Archive announced that it has added BitTorrent to its file download options for over 1.3 million existing files, on November 6,2013, the Internet Archives headquarters in San Franciscos Richmond District caught fire, destroying equipment and damaging some nearby apartments.
The nonprofit Archive sought donations to cover the estimated $600,000 in damage, in November 2016, Kahle announced that the Internet Archive was building the Internet Archive of Canada, a copy of the archive to be based somewhere in the country of Canada. The announcement received widespread coverage due to the implication that the decision to build an archive in a foreign country was because of the upcoming presidency of Donald Trump. Kahle was quoted as saying that on November 9th in America and it was a firm reminder that institutions like ours, built for the long-term, need to design for change. For us, it means keeping our cultural materials safe, private and it means preparing for a Web that may face greater restrictions
Roy Rogers was an American singer and actor who was one of the most popular Western stars of his era. Known as the King of the Cowboys, he appeared in over 100 films and numerous radio, in many of his films and television episodes, he appeared with his wife, Dale Evans, his golden palomino and his German shepherd dog, Bullet. His show was broadcast on radio for nine years and on television from 1951 through 1957 and his productions usually featured a sidekick, often Pat Brady, Andy Devine, or George Gabby Hayes. In his years, Rogers lent his name to the chain of Roy Rogers Restaurants. Rogers was born Leonard Slye, the son of Mattie and Andrew Andy Slye in Cincinnati, the family lived in a tenement on 2nd Street, where Riverfront Stadium would be constructed. In 1919 the Slye family purchased a farm in Duck Run, located near Lucasville, about 12 miles north of Portsmouth, a notable gift was a horse on which young Len Slye learned the basics of horsemanship. Living on the farm with no radio, the made their own entertainment.
On Saturday nights, they often invited neighbors over for square dances, during which Len would sing, play mandolin and he learned to yodel during this time, and he and his mother would use different yodels to communicate with each other across distances on the farm. Len attended high school in McDermott, but after he completed his year there his family returned to Cincinnati. Realizing that his family needed his help, Len quit school. He tried to attend school, but after being ridiculed for falling asleep in class, he quit school. They stayed for four months before returning to Ohio, soon after returning, Len had the opportunity to travel again to California with Marys father-in-law, and the rest of the family followed in the spring of 1930. The Slye family rented a house near Mary, and Len. In the spring of 1931, after the company went bankrupt, Len traveled to Tulare, California. During this time he lived in a camp similar to the ones depicted in John Steinbecks novel The Grapes of Wrath. The economic hardship of the Great Depression was just as severe in California as it was in Ohio, after 19-year-old Len Slyes second arrival in Lawndale, his sister Mary suggested that he audition for the Midnight Frolic radio program, which was broadcast over KMCS in Inglewood.
A few nights later, wearing a Western shirt that Mary had made for him, he overcame his shyness and appeared on the program playing guitar, singing, a few days later, he was asked to join a local country music group, the Rocky Mountaineers. He accepted the offer and became a member in August 1931