Clothing is fiber and textile material worn on the body. The wearing of clothing is mostly restricted to human beings and is a feature of all human societies. The amount and type of clothing worn depends on type, social. Some clothing types can be gender-specific, clothing serves many purposes, it can serve as protection from the elements, and can enhance safety during hazardous activities such as hiking and cooking. It protects the wearer from rough surfaces, rash-causing plants, insect bites, thorns, Clothes can insulate against cold or hot conditions. Further, they can provide a barrier, keeping infectious. Clothing provides protection from ultraviolet radiation, there is no easy way to determine when clothing was first developed, but some information has been inferred by studying lice. The body louse specifically lives in clothing, and diverge from head lice about 170 millennia ago, another theory is that modern humans are the only survivors of several species of primates who may have worn clothes and that clothing may have been used as long ago as 650 millennia.
Other louse-based estimates put the introduction of clothing at around 42, the most obvious function of clothing is to improve the comfort of the wearer, by protecting the wearer from the elements. In hot climates, clothing provides protection from sunburn or wind damage, shelter usually reduces the functional need for clothing. For example, hats and other layers are normally removed when entering a warm home. Similarly, clothing has seasonal and regional aspects, so that thinner materials, Clothing performs a range of social and cultural functions, such as individual and gender differentiation, and social status. In many societies, norms about clothing reflect standards of modesty, gender, Clothing may function as a form of adornment and an expression of personal taste or style. Clothing can and has in history been made from a wide variety of materials. Materials have ranged from leather and furs, to materials, to elaborate and exotic natural. Not all body coverings are regarded as clothing, Clothing protects against many things that might injure the uncovered human body.
Clothes protect people from the elements, including rain, wind, clothing that is too sheer, small, etc. offers less protection. Clothes reduce risk during activities such as work or sport, some clothing protects from specific environmental hazards, such as insects, noxious chemicals, weather and contact with abrasive substances
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization. The Bronze Age is the principal period of the three-age Stone-Bronze-Iron system, as proposed in modern times by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen. An ancient civilization is defined to be in the Bronze Age either by smelting its own copper and alloying with tin, arsenic, or other metals, or by trading for bronze from production areas elsewhere. Copper-tin ores are rare, as reflected in the fact there were no tin bronzes in Western Asia before trading in bronze began in the third millennium BC. Worldwide, the Bronze Age generally followed the Neolithic period, with the Chalcolithic serving as a transition, although the Iron Age generally followed the Bronze Age, in some areas, the Iron Age intruded directly on the Neolithic. Bronze Age cultures differed in their development of the first writing, according to archaeological evidence, cultures in Mesopotamia and Egypt developed the earliest viable writing systems.
The overall period is characterized by use of bronze, though the place and time of the introduction. Human-made tin bronze technology requires set production techniques, tin must be mined and smelted separately, added to molten copper to make bronze alloy. The Bronze Age was a time of use of metals. The dating of the foil has been disputed, the Bronze Age in the ancient Near East began with the rise of Sumer in the 4th millennium BC. Societies in the region laid the foundations for astronomy and mathematics, the usual tripartite division into an Early and Late Bronze Age is not used. Instead, a division based on art-historical and historical characteristics is more common. The cities of the Ancient Near East housed several tens of thousands of people, ur in the Middle Bronze Age and Babylon in the Late Bronze Age similarly had large populations. The earliest mention of Babylonia appears on a tablet from the reign of Sargon of Akkad in the 23rd century BC, the Amorite dynasty established the city-state of Babylon in the 19th century BC.
Over 100 years later, it took over the other city-states. Babylonia adopted the written Semitic Akkadian language for official use, by that time, the Sumerian language was no longer spoken, but was still in religious use. Elam was an ancient civilization located to the east of Mesopotamia, in the Old Elamite period, Elam consisted of kingdoms on the Iranian plateau, centered in Anshan, and from the mid-2nd millennium BC, it was centered in Susa in the Khuzestan lowlands. Its culture played a role in the Gutian Empire and especially during the Achaemenid dynasty that succeeded it
Garters are articles of clothing, narrow bands of fabric fastened about the leg, used to keep up stockings, and sometimes socks. In the eighteenth to twentieth centuries, they were tied just below the knee, the advent of elastic has made them less necessary from this functional standpoint, although they are still often worn for fashion. Garters have been worn by men and women, depending on fashion trends. Garters were popular in the 1930s and 1940s, and were a convenient way for ladies to carry small valuables, in Elizabethan fashions, men wore garters with their hose, and colorful garters were an object of display. In Shakespeares Twelfth Night, cross braced garters are an object of some derision, in male fashion, a type of garter for holding up socks has continued as a part of male dress up to the present, although its use may be considered somewhat stodgy. There is a Western wedding tradition for a bride to wear a garter to her wedding and this garter is not normally used to support stockings.
This practice is interpreted as symbolic of deflowering, though some sources attribute its origin to a superstition that taking an article of the brides clothing will bring good luck. In the Middle Ages, the groomsmen would rush at the new bride to take her garters as a prize, the practice of removing the brides garter is traditionally reserved to the groom, who will toss the garter to the unmarried male guests. This is performed after the tossing of the bouquet, in which the bride tosses her bouquet over her shoulder to be caught by the female guests. According to superstition, the lady who catches the bouquet and the man who catches the garter will be the man and woman among those in attendance to be married. The ceremony often continues with the man who catches the garter obliged to place it on the leg of the lady who caught the bouquet, the pair are obliged to share the next dance. Prom garters were common in the 1960s & 70s, and often conferred on the date as a souvenir, if the date received the garter, it was typically hung from his rear-view mirror.
The prom garter may be throughout the evening and is sometimes given to the young womans date as a souvenir. A young woman may choose to keep the garter rather than give it away. In cases like this where the garter is given early in the evening, the suspenders are typically clipped to the stockings with metal clips into which a rubber disc is inserted through the stocking material effectively locking the stocking in place. These are normally attached to a length of elastic allowing for adjustment and these clips, known as suspender slings, are best attached to stockings with a simple welt that do not have lace, or hold-ups with a silicon rubber lining. Suspender belts for men do exist, usually worn when there is a need to wear support hosiery for medical reasons, suspender belts are usually worn at the waist or just slightly below. If worn too low on the hips, there is a chance of the sliding down
Trousers or pants are an item of clothing worn from the waist to the ankles, covering both legs separately. In the UK, the word generally means underwear and not trousers. Shorts are similar to trousers, but with legs that come only to around the area of the knee. To distinguish them from shorts, trousers may be called long trousers in certain such as school uniform. Made of wool, the trousers had straight legs and wide crotches, breeches were worn instead of trousers in early modern Europe by some men in higher classes of society. Since the mid-20th century, trousers have increasingly been worn by women as well, made of denim, are a form of trousers for casual wear, now widely worn all over the world by both sexes. Shorts are often preferred in hot weather or for sports and often by children. Trousers are worn on the hips or waist and may be held up by their own fastenings, leggings are form-fitting trousers, of a clingy material, often knitted cotton and spandex. In Scotland, trousers are occasionally known as trews, which is the root of the word trousers.
Trousers are known as breeks in Scots, a related to breeches. The item of clothing worn under trousers is underpants, in North America and Australia pants is the general category term, whereas trousers often refers more specifically to tailored garments with a waistband, belt-loops, and a fly-front. So informal elastic-waist knitted garments would be called pants, but not trousers, North Americans call undergarments underwear, undies, jockey shorts, long johns or panties to distinguish them from other pants that are worn on the outside. The term drawers normally refers to undergarments, but in dialects, may be found as a synonym for breeches. In these dialects, the term underdrawers is used for undergarments, many North Americans refer to their undergarments by their type, such as boxers or briefs. In Australia, mens underwear has various terms including under-dacks, undies. In New Zealand mens underwear is known as undies, or y-fronts, various people in the fashion industry use the words trouser or pant instead of trousers or pants.
The words trousers and pants are pluralia tantum, nouns that generally appear in plural form—much like the words scissors. However, the form is used in some compound words, such as trouser-leg, trouser-press
Police duty belt
Many police forces in the United Kingdom began with a uniform consisting of a swallow-tail coat and top hat. A pillbox or kepi hat along with a frock coat were introduced in the 1860s, along with helmets designed especially for protection against attack, in the case of the earliest equipment carrying, a cutlass or firearm was usually clipped to the belt of the frock coat. In fact pockets themselves were not introduced until the early 1900s in some cases, before duty belts, British female officers carried their truncheons, which were shorter than the male version, in their handbags along with their police notebook as a matter of routine. Male officers carried handcuffs, whereas officers were not permitted to without special permission. During the 1950s and 1960s, the Sam Browne belt was in use by police officers in the USA. Most duty belts have a width of 2-1/4 inches and are made of ballistic nylon or leather. Many Canadian police departments have had officers complain of having back pain due to their supposedly rigid leather belts, in response, many Canadian departments are now switching to nylon belts because they are considered by some to be more flexible.
The Service de Police de la Ville de Montréal, the second largest municipal police service in Canada, in Australia, instead of belts the WA Police are trending towards wearing vests with more equipment in them than belts due to back problems, and maneuverability. Older belts used to fail under the weight of whatever was carried, manufacturers have introduced double-ply belts which retain their shape, nylon duty gear is generally less expensive and easier to maintain than leather gear of comparable quality. However, leather gear is generally regarded as having a traditional and professional appearance. To combine the best of materials, companies like Bianchi manufacture nylon duty gear that has the appearance of leather. The most common color for duty belts in service with law enforcement personnel and security officers is black, there is some variation. In some instances, brown leather is used in place of black, Duty belts wrap around the officers waist and fasten with a buckle at the front.
This is often protected by a cover to prevent release of the belt by anyone other than the officer. In the past, many belts would sag and move around while around the waist while an officer was engaging in a physical activity. Belt keepers wrap around the duty belt and trouser belt, ensuring that the stays in place. Belt suspenders allow the wearer to move a portion of the weight of the belt onto the shoulders and this means that the belt does not have to be worn as tightly, cutting down on pressure exerted on the stomach and waist area. Traditionally, belts have been fastened using a buckle, however
A corset is a garment worn to hold and train the torso into a desired shape for aesthetic or medical purposes. Both men and women are known to wear corsets, though this item was for years an integral part of womens wardrobes. Since the late 20th century, the industry has borrowed the term corset to refer to tops which, to varying degrees. While these modern corsets and corset tops often feature lacing or boning and generally imitate a historical style of corsets, they have little, if any. Genuine corsets are made by a corsetmaker and are frequently fitted to the individual wearer. The word corset is derived from the Old French word corps and the diminutive of body, the craft of corset construction is known as corsetry, as is the general wearing of them. Someone who makes corsets is a corsetier or corsetière, or sometimes simply a corsetmaker, in 1828, the word corset came into general use in the English language. The word was used in The Ladies Magazine to describe a quilted waistcoat that the French called un corset and it was used to differentiate the lighter corset from the heavier stays of the period.
The most common and well-known use of corsets is to slim the body, for women, this most frequently emphasizes a curvy figure by reducing the waist and thereby exaggerating the bust and hips. However, in some periods, corsets have been worn to achieve a tubular straight-up-and-down shape, for men, corsets are more customarily used to slim the figure. An overbust corset encloses the torso, extending from just under the arms toward the hips, an underbust corset begins just under the breasts and extends down toward the hips. A longline corset – either overbust or underbust – extends past the iliac crest, a longline corset is ideal for those who want increased stability, have longer torsos, or want to smooth out their hips. A standard length corset will stop short of the iliac crest and is ideal for those who want increased flexibility or have a shorter torso, some corsets, in very rare instances, reach the knees. A shorter kind of corset that covers the waist area, is called a waist cincher, a corset may include garters to hold up stockings, alternatively, a separate garter belt may be worn for that.
Traditionally, a corset supports the visible dress and spreads the pressure from large dresses, such as the crinoline, at times, a corset cover is used to protect outer clothes from the corset and to smooth the lines of the corset. The original corset cover was worn under the corset to provide a layer between it and the body. Corsets were not worn next to the skin, possibly due to difficulties with laundering these items during the 19th century, as they had steel boning, the corset cover was generally in the form of a light chemise, made from cotton lawn or silk. Modern corset wearers may wear corset liners for many of the same reasons and those who lace their corsets tightly use the liners to prevent burn on their skin from the laces
Prussia was a historic state originating out of the Duchy of Prussia and the Margraviate of Brandenburg, and centred on the region of Prussia. For centuries, the House of Hohenzollern ruled Prussia, successfully expanding its size by way of an unusually well-organised, with its capital in Königsberg and from 1701 in Berlin, shaped the history of Germany. In 1871, German states united to create the German Empire under Prussian leadership, in November 1918, the monarchies were abolished and the nobility lost its political power during the German Revolution of 1918–19. The Kingdom of Prussia was thus abolished in favour of a republic—the Free State of Prussia, from 1933, Prussia lost its independence as a result of the Prussian coup, when the Nazi regime was successfully establishing its Gleichschaltung laws in pursuit of a unitary state. Prussia existed de jure until its liquidation by the Allied Control Council Enactment No.46 of 25 February 1947. The name Prussia derives from the Old Prussians, in the 13th century, the Teutonic Knights—an organized Catholic medieval military order of German crusaders—conquered the lands inhabited by them.
In 1308, the Teutonic Knights conquered the region of Pomerelia with Gdańsk and their monastic state was mostly Germanised through immigration from central and western Germany and in the south, it was Polonised by settlers from Masovia. The Second Peace of Thorn split Prussia into the western Royal Prussia, a province of Poland, and the part, from 1525 called the Duchy of Prussia. The union of Brandenburg and the Duchy of Prussia in 1618 led to the proclamation of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701, Prussia entered the ranks of the great powers shortly after becoming a kingdom, and exercised most influence in the 18th and 19th centuries. During the 18th century it had a say in many international affairs under the reign of Frederick the Great. During the 19th century, Chancellor Otto von Bismarck united the German principalities into a Lesser Germany which excluded the Austrian Empire. At the Congress of Vienna, which redrew the map of Europe following Napoleons defeat, Prussia acquired a section of north western Germany.
The country grew rapidly in influence economically and politically, and became the core of the North German Confederation in 1867, and of the German Empire in 1871. The Kingdom of Prussia was now so large and so dominant in the new Germany that Junkers and other Prussian élites identified more and more as Germans and less as Prussians. In the Weimar Republic, the state of Prussia lost nearly all of its legal and political importance following the 1932 coup led by Franz von Papen. East Prussia lost all of its German population after 1945, as Poland, the main coat of arms of Prussia, as well as the flag of Prussia, depicted a black eagle on a white background. The black and white colours were already used by the Teutonic Knights. The Teutonic Order wore a white coat embroidered with a cross with gold insert
A purse or pouch, sometimes called coin purse for clarity, is a small money bag or pouch, made for carrying coins. In most Commonwealth countries it is simply as a purse. Purse can be a synonym to bursary, i. e. a monetary prize in a competition, in recent times a coin purse can be transposed as a phone wallet replacing coins for a modern alternative, the mobile phone. The oldest known purse was found with Ötzi the Iceman who lived around 3,300 BC, another early example is on Egyptian hieroglyphs, which show pouches worn around the waist. The purse-lid from the Sutton Hoo burial is an elaborate, probably royal. In Europe they often showed social status based on the embroidery, in the 15th century, both men and women wore purses. They were often embroidered or ornamented with gold. It was customary for men to give their new brides purses embroidered with an illustration of a love story, in the 17th century, bags became more complex and elaborate. Girls were taught such as embroidery and needlework that could assist them in finding a husband.
These skills gave rise to stitched artwork on bags, around the year 1670, mens breeches were made with built-in pockets, which caused them to stop carrying purses. They did however carry little netted purses in their pocket to carry money, money bag Shell purse Wallet Media related to Coin purses at Wikimedia Commons
Batman's utility belt
Batmans utility belt is a feature of Batmans costume. Similar belts are used by the various Robins, Batgirl, in its first appearance, Batmans utility belt contain choking gas capsules. Two issues after the utility belt debuted, Fox wrote the first appearance of a bat-themed weapon, up until 1989, most artists drew the utility belt as a simple yellow belt with a buckle and capsules/cylinders around it. In 1986, Frank Miller drew Batmans utility belt with military-style pouches in the Batman and this rendition was used again in Batman, Year One and used by almost every artist in the Batman, Legends of the Dark Knight comics series. In 2000, the became a standard feature in the depiction of the utility belt. The grapple gun, which fired the Batline/Bat-rope, was first introduced in Tim Burtons live-action film, although seemingly unremarkable in appearance, the utility belt is one of Batmans most important tools in fighting crime. Consisting primarily of a strap and buckle, the utility belt houses ten pouches or cylindrical cartridges that are attached to the outside of the belt, the buckle itself typically contains a miniature camera and a tape recorder.
A secondary compartment behind the length of the belt houses Batmans supply of batarangs, each of the ten pouches or cylinders contains various tools integral to Batmans war on crime, with the cylinders being interchangeable with each other. Through the years, Batman has modified the contents of his belt to accommodate various crime-fighting scenarios, most versions of the belt contain security features to prevent anyone other than Batman from opening it. The belt is shown to be able to electrocute any villain who even touches it and it can release stun gas to prevent tampering. The belts compartments are locked and only Batman knows how to open them, there are several special varieties of the batarang, aside from the regular type. Explosive batarangs explode once they hit their target, electric batarangs deliver powerful electric shocks to whatever they come in contact with. These batarangs can incapacitate enemies or overload electronic devices, remote-controlled batarangs let Batman fully steer the batarang via a remote control.
These are used when a line of sight isnt possible. These batarangs have cameras in them so that Batman can see where they are going, batline/Batrope/Batclaw/Batgrapple, A handheld grappling hook that shoots out a claw-shaped projectile on a retractable high-tensile cord, which grabs onto a surface. Then, this cord pulls Batman to his target, a boost upgrade launches him high into the air above the target point if he desires. The hook can pull down walls, grab enemies and pull them closer, the hook is secured to the belt magnetically rather than being contained in the belt. It has been portrayed as a grappling hook line to be manually thrown onto a higher surface or vantage point for him to climb it to the targeted area
Sagging is a manner of wearing trousers or jeans which sag so that the top of the trousers or jeans are significantly below the waist, sometimes revealing much of the underwear. Sagging is predominantly a male fashion, womens wearing of low-rise jeans to reveal their G-string underwear is not generally described as sagging. A person wearing sagging trousers is sometimes called a sagger, and it has become popular since the popularity of wearing brightly colored and patterned boxer shorts. Sagging in the 1990s usually focused on baggy trousers with plaid boxers, the style was popularized by skaters and hip-hop artists in the 1990s. It became a symbol of freedom and cultural awareness among some youths or a symbol of their rejection of the values of mainstream society, having said that, brothers should pull up their pants. You are walking by your mother, your grandmother, your underwear is showing, some people might not want to see your underwear. In June 2007 the Town Council of Delcambre, passed an indecent exposure ordinance, the council was split 2–2, but the tie was broken by the mayor.
Benetta Standly, statewide organizer for the American Civil Liberties Union of Georgia stated, In Atlanta and its going to target African-American male youths. Theres a fear with people associating the way you dress with crimes being committed, the interim police chief of Flint, Michigan ordered the arrest of saggers for disorderly conduct, however, as of August 2008, only warnings had been issued. Sagging clothing is a violation of school dress codes. Two weeks after the Pants on the Ground video became popular thanks to American Idol, the billboards feature Big Mama Joseph from the 1997 film Soul Food saying, Pull Em Up. and asks youngsters to Keep it a secret. The campaign is the brainchild of Dallas Mayor Pro Tem Dwaine R. Caraway, another billboard campaign against sagging pants was launched in Brooklyn, New York by New York State Senator Eric Adams on March 28,2010. In May 2010 New York State Senate President Malcolm Smith used US$2,200 from his fund to launch a similar campaign in Queens.
In this practice, teachers would pull their pants up and attach them there using zip ties, students would have their photo taken and posted on a board in the hallway, for all of their classmates to see. In an interview with WMC-TV, Principal Bobby White stated that the idea is to fight pop culture with pop culture. One teacher at the claimed to have Urkeled up to 80 students per week, although after five weeks students got the message. By September 2011, City Attorney Nathan Davis reported that 187 citations had been issued, on December 8,2010, the city of Opa-locka, Florida voted unanimously on a $250 fine or 10 hours of community service for individuals who did not pull their pants up. Signs were posted on buses saying, Pull em up or find another ride, the communications manager for the Fort Worth Transportation Authority said that on the first day the policy was enforced,50 people were removed from buses for wearing improper pants
Suspenders or braces are fabric or leather straps worn over the shoulders to hold up trousers. The straps may be elasticated, either entirely or only at attachment ends, Suspenders are typically attached to trousers with clips or buttons using leather tabs at the ends. Outside the United States the term suspenders, or suspender belt and this is called a garter belt in American English. There have been precursors to suspenders throughout the past 300 years. They were once almost universally worn, due to the cut of mid-nineteenth. During the nineteenth century, suspenders were sometimes called galluses, after losing popularity during World War I, when men became accustomed to uniform belts, suspenders were still regular attire throughout the 1920s. Because of their image as underwear, some men switched to belts during the 1930s as the vests which had hidden suspenders became worn less often and this signaled the switch in position of securing buttons from the outside of the waistband to the inside.
Life magazine stated in 1938 that 60% of American men chose belts over suspenders, though the return of fuller-cut trousers in the 1940s revived suspenders, they did not dominate over belts again to the same extent. However, in the UK they remained the norm to wear with suits, while suspenders have been in and out of fashion over the last century, there has been a brief resurgence in interest, possibly due to the styles seen in films like Wall Street. Many business people and professionals such as lawyers still wear suspenders, clip-on style suspenders are a typical part of skinhead, and to a lesser extent, punk fashion. In skinhead and punk fashion, suspenders are typically between 3⁄4 and 1 inch in width, materials used for making suspenders have changed over time, with newer additions such as rayon, a hard-wearing synthetic fiber, now offered. The traditional Woolen Boxcloth Suspenders remain available but are very costly, generally, a high quality rayon with elastic webbing is the fabric used to create suspenders, with silks webbing or tubed suiting cloths from mills such as Dugdale Bros of England used.
Good quality smart suspenders were traditionally considered white collar, or upper or upper-middle class and they were made to be attached to trousers by buttons sewn onto the waistband. There are relatively few current manufacturers in the UK, but the classic button-on reform end is quite widely available in the USA. In traditional or formal settings, it is considered a faux pas to wear both belt and suspenders at the time, though in the past this has not always been the case. Further, suspenders were traditionally considered an undergarment and, as such, were considered inappropriate to be seen, from their time of their invention until World War II, the waistcoat, or a jumper or cardigan for coolness in the summer, covered suspenders to prevent indecency. Similarly and jackets kept the shirtsleeves hidden, in the inter-war period, men began removing jackets in public, and so this sensibility became eroded over time. It is perhaps only in Britain that a few die-hards still consider it gauche to wear, for example, generally, it is now considered acceptable fashion, on both sides of the Atlantic, for mens suspenders to be seen