Beltrami County, Minnesota

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Beltrami County, Minnesota
Bemidji Courthouse.jpg
Beltrami County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Beltrami County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 28, 1866 (created)
1896 (organized)[1]
Named forGiacomo Constantino Beltrami
SeatBemidji
Largest cityBemidji
Area
 • Total3,056 sq mi (7,915 km2)
 • Land2,505 sq mi (6,488 km2)
 • Water551 sq mi (1,427 km2), 18%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)46,847
 • Density18.6/sq mi (7.2/km2)
Congressional districts7th, 8th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.beltrami.mn.us

Beltrami County (/bɛlˈtræm/ bel-TRAM-ee) is a county in the northern part of the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 44,442,[2] its county seat is Bemidji.[3] The county's name comes from Italian adventurer Giacomo Beltrami, who explored the area in 1825; the county was created in 1866 and organized in 1896.[4]

Beltrami County comprises the Bemidji, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Portions of the Leech Lake and Red Lake Indian reservations are in the county; the northernmost portion of the Mississippi River flows through the southern part of the county, through Bemidji. Beltrami and Renville are Minnesota's only counties that abut nine other counties.

Geography[edit]

Beltrami County's southwest corner is considered part of the headwaters of the Mississippi River, which flows easterly and northeasterly from Lake Itasca through the southern part of the county. Much of the middle and upper county is taken up with the two sections of Red Lake; the county terrain consists of rolling low tree-covered hills, dotted with lakes and ponds.[5] The terrain slopes to the east and north, its highest point is a small hill 1.3 mile (2.1 km) northwest of Wolf Lake, at 1,511' (460m) ASL;[6] otherwise the terrain high point is near its southwest corner, at 1,457' (444m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 3,056 square miles (7,920 km2), of which 2,505 square miles (6,490 km2) is land and 551 square miles (1,430 km2) (18%) is water,[8] it is the fourth-largest county in Minnesota by area.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

  • Bagley Lake State Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Buena Vista State Forest
  • Chippewa National Forest (part)
  • Lake Bemidji State Park
  • Long Lake State Wildlife Management Area
  • Mississippi Headwaters State Forest (part)
  • Pine Island State Forest (part)
  • Red Lake Peatland Scientific and Natural Area (part)
  • Three Island Lake County Park

Climate and weather[edit]

Bemidji, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
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D
 
 
0.7
 
 
16
−4
 
 
0.6
 
 
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1.5
 
 
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2.7
 
 
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43
 
 
4.1
 
 
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4.3
 
 
79
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3.5
 
 
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2.8
 
 
66
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1.1
 
 
34
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21
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[9]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bemidji have ranged from a low of −4 °F (−20 °C) in January to a high of 79 °F (26 °C) in July, although a record low of −50 °F (−46 °C) was recorded in January 1950 and a record high of 101 °F (38 °C) was recorded in July 1975. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.59 inches (15 mm) in February to 4.33 inches (110 mm) in July.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
187080
188010−87.5%
18903123,020.0%
190011,0303,435.3%
191019,33775.3%
192027,07940.0%
193020,707−23.5%
194026,10726.1%
195024,962−4.4%
196023,425−6.2%
197026,37312.6%
198030,98217.5%
199034,38411.0%
200039,65015.3%
201044,44212.1%
Est. 201846,847[10]5.4%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2018[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 39,650 people, 14,337 households, and 9,749 families in the county; the population density was 15.8/sqmi (6.11/km²). There were 16,989 housing units at an average density of 6.78/sqmi (2.62/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.66% White, 0.36% Black or African American, 20.36% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. 0.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.6% were of German, 19.7% Norwegian and 5.6% Swedish ancestry. 95.1% spoke English and 2.4% Ojibwa as their first language.

There were 14,337 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 13.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.13.

The county population contained 28.70% under the age of 18, 13.90% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,392, and the median income for a family was $40,345. Males had a median income of $30,434 versus $22,045 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,497. About 12.90% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age 65 or over.

Over half the children in the county are born out of wedlock. About a third are born to teenaged mothers; the county has about twice the state average in terms of high school dropouts.[15]

Crime[edit]

Between 1990 and 2005 the county had a suicide rate four times higher than the state;[16] the county exceeds the state and national rates in both violent and property crimes.[17] On March 21, 2005 ten people were murdered by a spree killer at the Red Lake Indian Reservation.[16]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unorganized territories[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[5][edit]

Politics[edit]

Beltrami County voters have tended to vote Democratic for several decades. Since 1960 the county has selected the Democratic Party candidate in 79% of national elections (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 50.0% 10,783 40.3% 8,688 9.7% 2,093
2012 43.7% 9,637 53.6% 11,818 2.7% 596
2008 43.9% 9,762 54.1% 12,019 2.1% 455
2004 48.5% 10,237 50.1% 10,592 1.4% 302
2000 48.5% 8,346 42.4% 7,301 9.1% 1,570
1996 36.6% 5,806 50.5% 8,006 12.9% 2,036
1992 32.6% 5,204 45.1% 7,210 22.4% 3,573
1988 46.3% 6,652 52.6% 7,566 1.1% 162
1984 49.4% 7,414 49.9% 7,481 0.7% 103
1980 41.7% 6,481 47.8% 7,432 10.5% 1,624
1976 39.3% 5,214 56.8% 7,540 4.0% 531
1972 52.2% 5,947 45.6% 5,194 2.2% 252
1968 40.9% 3,912 52.6% 5,034 6.5% 619
1964 34.7% 3,184 65.1% 5,967 0.2% 15
1960 49.0% 4,482 50.8% 4,653 0.2% 22
1956 51.0% 3,974 48.8% 3,807 0.2% 16
1952 53.8% 4,817 45.7% 4,092 0.6% 53
1948 32.6% 3,126 62.8% 6,020 4.5% 434
1944 32.8% 2,705 66.5% 5,490 0.7% 61
1940 32.8% 3,511 65.7% 7,036 1.6% 166
1936 24.4% 2,182 72.7% 6,507 3.0% 268
1932 32.1% 2,318 60.7% 4,386 7.2% 518
1928 62.3% 4,062 34.1% 2,221 3.7% 239
1924 46.2% 2,960 5.0% 323 48.7% 3,121
1920 61.3% 4,518 19.4% 1,427 19.4% 1,430
1916 33.0% 1,331 47.5% 1,912 19.5% 785
1912 16.2% 490 26.1% 790 57.7% 1,745
1908 63.4% 1,882 21.8% 648 14.8% 439
1904 82.4% 1,953 9.9% 234 7.8% 184
1900 62.1% 1,339 35.5% 767 2.4% 52
1896 48.0% 202 50.6% 213 1.4% 6
1892 44.9% 57 34.7% 44 20.5% 26

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 25, 2014. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 34.
  5. ^ a b c Beltrami County MN Google Maps (accessed 4 March 2019)
  6. ^ Beltrami County High Point, Minnesota. PeakBagger.com (accessed 4 May 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Beltrami County MN" Google Maps (accessed 4 March 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Bemidji MN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  15. ^ Dey, Crystal (November 11, 2014). "Beltrami County children continue to struggle: New data shows higher than average poverty compared to state". Bemidii Pioneer. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  16. ^ a b Langman, Peter (January 6, 2009). Why Kids Kill (First ed.). St. Martin's Press. p. 137.
  17. ^ "Beltrami County, Minnesota". Sperling's Best Places. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 17, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°01′N 94°55′W / 48.02°N 94.92°W / 48.02; -94.92