Beltzhoover (Pittsburgh)

Beltzhoover is a neighborhood in southern Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in an area known as the South Hills. The area is named for Melchior Beltzhoover, a tradesman there in the early 19th century; the community borders McKinley Park. The neighborhood is predominantly an African-American neighborhood; the area has been referred as up and coming, due to fact that the crime rate has decreased tremendously over the past 10 years. The neighborhood is the subject of a revitalization effort by local organizations, such as the Beltzhoover Consensus Group, the Hilltop Housing Initiative, the Urban Redevelopment Authority. In hopes to reestablish the business districts, maintain current homeowners and create new homeowners by rehabbing current vacant homes; the Beltzhoover School, 60,000 sq ft, was purchased by the BCG and will be renovated in the next several years to boost the economy of Beltzhoover. Beltzhoover has four Pittsburgh neighborhood borders, including Mount Washington to the north and west, Allentown to the upper east, Knoxville to the mid and lower east, Bon Air to the south and southwest.

List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Toker, Franklin. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. Media related to Beltzhoover at Wikimedia Commons Beltzhoover Neighborhood Map Beltzhoover Neighborhood

Mount Perry railway line

The Mount Perry Branch Railway is a closed railway line in Central Queensland, Australia. In 1869 copper was discovered at Mount Perry and the township grew rapidly. A railway to the coast was essential to provide cheap transport and make the mining of low percentage ore viable. Maryborough and Bundaberg vied for the opportunity to be the terminus and the latter city was successful. A survey dated 20 March 1875 proposed a line from North Bundaberg, thus avoiding an expensive bridge over the Burnett River, west to Gin Gin and via the old road and telegraph route to Moolboolaman but still some distance short of Mount Perry. There were delays in gaining official approval for the line to the extent that, when Queensland Parliament approved construction, mining at Mount Perry was curtailed; the first 65 kilometre section from North Bundaberg railway station to Moolboolaman opened on 19 July 1881. The stops were at Oakwood, Manoo, Birthamba, Goondoon, Bullyard, Maroondan, Uping, McIlwraith, Gin Gin, Watawa, Tirroan and Daylsford.

Construction of the first stage predated the completion of the North Coast line from Maryborough to Bundaberg by some seven years and it was only that Bundaberg station was renamed North Bundaberg. There followed extensions to Gillen’s Siding opened on 15 August 1882 via Goyan and Ellimatta to Boolboonda opened on 12 November 1883, lastly via Wonbah and Drummer’s Creek to Mount Perry opened on 20 May 1884. A feature of the last stage of the line was construction of the Boolboonda Tunnel. Excavated a distance of 192 metres through solid rock, the tunnel is the longest unsupported tunnel in the southern hemisphere. Completion of the final stage meant that a service leaving Mount Perry at 7.30am took 4 ½ hours to reach Bundaberg before departing at 3.00 pm for the return journey. Information about locomotives is sketchy; the locomotive pictured on the right was used from 1881 to 1890. The description of the photo reads: "Steam locomotive with a group of men gathered around it, ca. 1880 This locomotive has a plate on the side of the cabin with the words'Railway Works Ipswich Queensland 1877' inscribed.

The locomotive was built at Ipswich Railway Workshops in 1877. It was known as an A10 class steam locomotive, it ran on the southern and western railway, as Locomotive 36, until 1881 when it operated on the Bundaberg Railway. In 1890 it was sold to contractors building part of the Bundaberg - Gladstone railway and in 1892 sold again to Young Brothers of Fairymead Mill, Bundaberg, it was used on trains at Avonside at the mill at North Bundaberg. Its boiler exploded at Avondale in the early 1890s. In 1935 it was replaced by a locomotive purchased from Mount Lyall in Tasmania but its remains were not disposed of until 1951." Two trains a week operated after the Moolboolaman opening but a rapid rise in timber transport necessitated three trains a week in 1883 and daily services in 1884. Sugar cane traffic increased when a mill was opened at Bingera in 1885. Although mining activities dwindled, timber transport took over to some degree until copper mining again became viable in the early 1900s; until the line ran at a loss but high copper prices saw large scale mining return to Mount Perry and provide the railway and town with a new lease of life.

A fatal accident resulted after a derailment near Gillen’s Siding early on Sunday 17 February 1924. The train was on an holiday excursion from Mount Perry to Bargara. Two people died in the incident, deemed to have been caused by excessive speed and negligence by the driver and guard. Transportation of timber and dairy products continued until it became uneconomical for the service to continue; the line closed in stages – from Mount Perry to Tirroan on 31 October 1960, from Tirroan to Gin Gin in 1988, Gin Gin station on 17 January 1992 and the line to North Bundaberg on 16 January 1993. The Mount Perry railway line has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Boolboonda Tunnel North Bundaberg railway station. About 1994, North Bundaberg station building was relocated some 500 metres west to the opposite side of the track and is now part of the Bundaberg Railway Museum. Splitters Creek Railway Bridge. Although avoiding a bridge over the Burnett River, the route could not avoid a crossing of Splitters Creek, a Burnett tributary located a short distance to the west.

This imposing heritage listed structure towers high over the creek and features steel rods which link the trestles to provide extra strength. Industrial railways transported goods, such as sugar cane, from the production area to the main line; some of the industrial locomotives have been preserved at Bundaberg. Construction of Queensland railways "Perry's Past - A Centenary History of Perry Shire" by Mervyn Royle 1980 "Triumph of Narrow Gauge: A History of Queensland Railways" by John Kerr 1990 Boolarong Press, Brisbane Information sheet on Class A10 locomotive 1925 map of the Queensland railway system


Paleoparadoxia is a genus of large, herbivorous aquatic mammals that inhabited the northern Pacific coastal region during the Miocene epoch. It ranged from the waters of Japan, to Alaska in the north, down to Baja California, Mexico. Paleoparadoxia was about 2.2 m long. Paleoparadoxia is thought to have fed on seaweeds and sea grasses; the jaws and the angle of the teeth resemble a backhoe bucket. Its bulky body was well adapted for underwater foraging. Interpreted as amphibious, Paleoparadoxia is now thought to have been a marine mammal like their living relatives, the sirenians, spending most of their lives walking across the sea bottom like marine hippos. Studies on its habitat preference show that it favoured offshore waters. Tokunaga 1939 named the genus Cornwallius but Reinhart 1959 synonymized it as a species of Paleoparadoxia. Behemotops Desmostylus Tethytheria