Sviblovo (Moscow Metro)
Sviblovo is a Moscow Metro station in the Sviblovo District, North-Eastern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Botanichesky Sad and Babushkinskaya stations. Built according to a standard design in 1978, the station features pillars faced with white marble and accented with vertical strips of anodized aluminum; the walls are white marble and are decorated with friezes containing the names and coats of arms of the various cities and towns surrounding Moscow. Sviblovo's architect was Robert Pogrebnoi; the entrances to the station are located on either side of Snezhnaya Ulitsa south of the intersection with Amundsena Ulitsa
Botanichesky Sad (Moscow Central Circle)
Botanichesky Sad is a station on the Moscow Central Circle of the Moscow Metro. Construction started on the station in October 2014 and the station opened in September 2016; the station is named for the nearby Moscow Botanical Garden. The station offers free out-of-station transfers to Botanichesky Sad station of the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line. In 2018, the city plans to complete an underground facility. Media related to Botanichesky Sad Moscow Central Circle platform at Wikimedia Commons Ботанический сад mkzd.ru
VDNKh (Moscow Metro)
VDNKh is a Moscow Metro station in Ostankinsky District, North-Eastern Administrative Okrug, Russia. It is located between Alekseyevskaya and Botanichesky Sad stations. VDNKh was opened on 1 May 1958; the name stands for Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy Vystavka Dostizheniy Narodnovo Khozyaystva. The station features pylons decorated with circular ventilation grilles. VDNKh was designed by Nadezhda Bykova, I. Gokhar-Kharmandaryan, Ivan Taranov, Yu. Cherepanov. VDNKh is one of the deepest Metro stations being situated 53.5 metres below ground. It is one of the busiest stations, serving 107,377 passengers a day in 2009; this station was planned to be opulently decorated in the manner of the other stations built in the 1950s, with mosaics by venerable artist Vladimir Favorsky along the insides of the arches between the pylons. However, in the wake of Nikita Khrushchev's attack on decorative "excessions", the place for mosaics, including existing mosaics as well, were crudely coated with incongruous thick green paint.
The original circular vestibule is located on the west side of Prospekt Mira, in front of the Space Obelisk. In 1996, the station got an additional pavilion for entrance-exit needs at the southern side of the station. Though not directly connected to VDNKh, Moscow Monorail station Vystavochny Tsentr is located within walking distance. VDNKh is featured as the home of the main protagonist in the novel and video game Metro 2033; the station was featured in the tenth leg of The Amazing Race 13
Novoyasenevskaya (Moscow Metro)
Novoyasenevskaya Bittsevsky Park is a Moscow Metro station in the Yasenevo District, South-Western Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is on the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line; the station was named Bittsevsky Park for the nearby Bitsa Park. On 3 June 2008, the city government issued decree to rename the station to Novoyasenevskaya on 1 June 2009. Moscow Metro was granted a one-year transition period to effect the change; the new name reflects the station's location in the Yasenevo District along Novoyasenovo Ulitsa. The reason for the change was the city wanted to transfer the Bittsevsky Park name to the station on the Butovskaya line; the station was designed by architects N. Shumakov, G. Mun, N. Shurygina and has a tri-vault column structure. Novoyasenevskaya station walls and pillars are faced with dark green metallic. Novoyasenevskaya has two entrances, but only one is in operation due to the low number of passengers handled by the station each day; the active entrance is a part of a subway beneath Novoyasenevsky Avenue.
The unused ground-level eastern vestibule sits further down the road, on the edge of the park. It is a round building, finished with grey marble and pinkish granite and topped with a disproportionately large weather vane; the exit stairs at the east end of the platform, which lead to this vestibule, are barricaded. Bittsevsky Park station of the Butovskaya Line opened on 27 February 2014, providing a transfer between the two lines
Novokuznetskaya is a Moscow Metro station on the Zamoskvoretskaya Line. The station was opened on November 20, 1943. Construction of the station began shortly after the launch of the second stage in 1938. Despite World War II the station was opened on time. In 1978 the platform was lengthened; this part is in a more modern style than the rest of the station. The station honors the Soviet fighting men with its heavy ornamentation; the architects, I. Taranov and N. Bykova, won a USSR State Prize for their design; the decorations include seven octagonal ceiling mosaics by V. Frolov on the theme of wartime industry and bas-reliefs running along the base of the ceiling depicting the soldiers of the Red Army in combat; the pink and white marble pylons are decorated with cast-bronze portraits of Russian war heroes like Mikhail Kutuzov and Alexander Nevsky. Floor lamps, long since replaced with more up-to-date lighting in other Metro stations, still give Novokuznetskaya an atmosphere of brooding shadow. There is an urban legend that the station's ornate benches were made of Carrara marble taken from the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour just before it was demolished, but it is not true, the marble was from Ural, not Italy.
Novokuznetskaya's round entrance vestibule is located off Pyatnitskaya Street, north of the intersection with Klimentovsky Street. From this station it is possible to transfer to Tretyakovskaya, a cross-platform station serving both the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line and the Kalininskaya Line. Metro.ru mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Vodootvodny Canal is a 4 kilometre long, 30-60 metre wide canal in downtown Moscow, Russia. It was built in the 1780s on the old riverbed of the Moskva River to control floods and support shipping. Canal construction created an island, between the Moskva River and the canal; the island acquired its present shape in 1938 with the completion of Moscow Canal megaproject. The canal is spanned by ten bridges. Zamoskvorechye, the land on the flat southern bank of Moskva river, was flooded in spring; the river itself used discouraging construction. Low lands on both sides of the river were only suitable for farming. In dry periods, the old river bed used spreading disease. Residents had to combat inundation levels by digging small dikes, with little result; the memory of these moats remains in the names of Raushskaya embankment and Church of St. George v Yendove; the most notable, permanent moat was that separating St. George from Balchug Street; the first documented flood control project was drawn up in 1775 by Matvey Kazakov.
In addition to separating Balchug Island from Zamoskvorechye, Kazakov proposed cutting two flood control dikes west from Bersenevka. This would separate strips of floodland from the mainland. In the east, Kazakov planned to flood uninhabited farmland permanently, connect the Canal to the Moskva River inside the present-day Garden Ring; the eastern end of an island would become warehouse. The moat east of Balchug had to be widened, too. A notably devastating flood occurred in 1783, razing the suburbs and damaging Bolshoy Kamenny Bridge. In order to repair it, the Moskva River was temporarily drained, its water diverted into the old river bed. Prior to closing the main waterway, the old river bed was widened. Kazakov's plan materialized excluding the grain terminal. An 1807 plan shows only one "additional" island west of Bersenevka. After the Fire of 1812, the western island and the dike separating it from the mainland were reclaimed for development; the Moskva River was reduced to about its present-day width.
The eastern end of the Canal was reduced to its ordinary width of 30 metres. In 1835, the city built Babyegorodskaya Dam west of the island; the dam was disassembled each autumn and set back in place after the spring flood, so it was good for shipping but useless against floods. A new channel extension east was built to bypass the old 90-degree turn. For a while, the island was cut into three parts when Balchug moat was filled, in two; the completion of the Moscow Canal raised the water level in the Moskva River and the canal, enabling reliable shipping throughout summer seasons. Locks on the canal were demolished; the moat parallel to Garden Ring was filled in the 1930s, with the completion of Bolshoy Krasnokholmsky Bridge. The first bridges of the Soviet age, Komissariatsky bridge and the pedestrian Zverev Bridge were built with sufficient clearance. Chugunny Bridge was compatible with new requirements. All other bridges were rebuilt in the 1930s to 6-8 traffic lanes. In the 1960s, Schluzovoy Bridge construction connected the embankments on the eastern tip of the island.
Chugunny Bridge steel deck was replaced with concrete. Sadovnichesky Bridge was completed in 1963. Two more pedestrian bridges, Second Schluzovoy and Luzhkov Bridge, were added in the 1990s. Construction of the Patriarshy Bridge extension over the canal is under way; the city planners entertain plans to build a parking lot under the canal, from across Golutvin sloboda office block, to Tretyakov Gallery. This would require digging the open pit. Russian: Maps of Moscow www.testan.narod.ru Russian: Носарев В.А. Скрябина, Т.А. "Мосты Москвы", М, "Вече", 2004, стр. 23–26 ISBN 5-9533-0183-9
Shabolovskaya (Moscow Metro)
Shabolovskaya is a station on the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. Though the station itself was built along with the rest of the Kaluzhskaya Line in 1962, problems with the escalator shaft postponed its opening until November 6, 1980. During the 18 intervening years the appearance of the platform was modernized, so it does not appear similar to the other 1960s stations on the line. Shabolovskaya has pylons punctuated on all four faces by projecting piers and faced with white marble; the piers on the transverse faces of the pylons extend upward into the vaulted ceiling. The outer walls are clad in incongruously dark corrugated metal, which contrasts with the bright white of the ceiling and pylons. At the end of the platform is a backlit stained glass panel on the theme of radio and television broadcasting; the station was designed by I. G. Petukhova, V. P. Kachurinets, N. I. Demchinsky, Yu. A. Kolesnikova. Shabolovskaya's entrance vestibule is on Ulitsa Shabolovka south of the intersection with Ulitsa Akademika Petrovskogo