1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
The Suwannee River is a major river that runs through South Georgia southward into Florida in the southern United States. It is a wild blackwater river, about 246 miles long; the Suwannee River is the site of the prehistoric Suwanee Straits which separated peninsular Florida from the panhandle. The headwaters of the Suwanee River are in the Okefenokee Swamp in the town of Georgia; the river runs southwestward into the Florida Panhandle drops in elevation through limestone layers into a rare Florida whitewater rapid. Past the rapid, the Suwanee turns west near the town of White Springs, Florida connects to the confluences of the Alapaha River and Withlacoochee River. Starting at the confluences of those three rivers, that confluence forms the southern borderline of Hamilton County, Florida; the Suwanee bends southward near the town of Ellaville, followed by Luraville, Florida joins together with the Santa Fe River from the east, south of the town of Branford, Florida. The river drains into the Gulf of Mexico on the outskirts of Suwannee, Florida.
The Spanish recorded the native Timucua name of Guacara for the river that would become known as the Suwannee. Different etymologies have been suggested for the modern name. San Juan: D. G. Brinton first suggested in his 1889 Notes on the Floridian Peninsula that Suwannee was a corruption of the Spanish San Juan; this theory is supported by Jerald Milanich, who states that "Suwannee" developed through "San Juan-ee" from the 17th-century Spanish mission of San Juan de Guacara, located on the Suwannee River. Shawnee: The migrations of the Shawnee throughout the South have been connected to the name Suwannee; as early as 1820, the Indian agent John Johnson said "the'Suwaney' river was doubtless named after the Shawanoese, Suwaney being a corruption of Shawanoese." However, the primary southern Shawnee settlements were along the Savannah River, with only the village of Ephippeck on the Apalachicola River being securely identified in Florida, casting doubt on this etymology. "Echo": In 1884, Albert S. Gatschet claimed that Suwannee derives from the Creek word sawani, meaning "echo", rejecting the earlier Shawnee theory.
Stephen Boyd's 1885 Indian Local Names with Their Interpretation and Henry Gannett's 1905 work The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States repeat this interpretation, calling sawani an "Indian word" for "echo river". Gatschet's etymology survives in more recent publications mistaking the language of translation. For example, a University of South Florida website states that the "Timucuan Indian word Suwani means Echo River... River of Reeds, Deep Water, or Crooked Black Water". In 2004, William Bright repeats it again, now attributing the name "Suwanee" to a Cherokee village of Sawani, unlikely as the Cherokee never lived in Florida or South Georgia; this etymology is now considered doubtful: 2004's A Dictionary of Creek Muscogee does not include the river as a place-name derived from Muscogee, lacks entries for "echo" and for words such as svwane, sawane, or svwvne, which would correspond to the anglicization "Suwannee". The Suwannee River area has been inhabited by humans for thousands of years.
During the first millennium CE, it was inhabited by the people of the Weedon Island archaeological culture, around 900 CE, a derivative local culture, known as the Suwanee River Valley culture, developed. By the 16th century, the river was inhabited by two related Timucua language-speaking peoples: the Yustaga, who lived on the west side of the river. By 1633, the Spanish had established the missions of San Juan de Guacara, San Francisco de Chuaquin, San Augustin de Urihica along the Suwannee to convert these western Timucua peoples. In the 18th century, Seminoles lived by the river; the steamboat Madison operated on the river before the Civil War, the sulphur springs at White Springs became popular as a health resort, with 14 hotels in operation in the late 19th century. This river is the subject of the Stephen Foster song "Old Folks at Home", in which he calls it the Swanee Ribber. Foster had named the Pedee River of South Carolina in his first lyrics, it has been called Swanee River because Foster had used an alternative contemporary spelling of the name.
Foster never saw the river he made world-famous. George Gershwin's song, with lyrics by Irving Caesar, made popular by Al Jolson, is spelled "Swanee" and boasts that "the folks up North will see me no more when I get to that Swanee shore". Both of these songs feature banjo-strumming and reminiscences of a plantation life more typical of 19th-century South Carolina than of among the swamps and small farms in the coastal plain of south Georgia and north Florida. Don Ameche starred as Foster in the fictional biographical film Swanee River; when approaching the Suwannee River via several major highways, motorists are greeted with a sign which announces they are crossing the Historic Suwannee River, complete with the first line of sheet music from "Old Folks at Home". This is Florida's state song, designated as such in 1935. In 2008, its original lyrics were replaced with a politically correct version. There is a Foster museum and carillon tower at Stephen Foster Folk Culture Center State Park in White Springs.
The spring itself is called White Sulphur Springs because of its high sulphur content. Since there was a belief in the healing qualities of its waters, the Springs were long popular as a health resort; the idiom "up the Swannee" or "down the swanny" means something is going badly wrong, analogous to "up the creek without a paddle". A unique aspect of the Suwannee River is the Suwannee River Wilder
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States federal government's official list of districts, buildings and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property; the passage of the National Historic Preservation Act in 1966 established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it. Of the more than one million properties on the National Register, 80,000 are listed individually; the remainder are contributing resources within historic districts. For most of its history the National Register has been administered by the National Park Service, an agency within the United States Department of the Interior, its goals are to help property owners and interest groups, such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation, coordinate and protect historic sites in the United States.
While National Register listings are symbolic, their recognition of significance provides some financial incentive to owners of listed properties. Protection of the property is not guaranteed. During the nomination process, the property is evaluated in terms of the four criteria for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places; the application of those criteria has been the subject of criticism by academics of history and preservation, as well as the public and politicians. Historic sites outside the country proper, but associated with the United States are listed. Properties can be nominated in a variety of forms, including individual properties, historic districts, multiple property submissions; the Register categorizes general listings into one of five types of properties: district, structure, building, or object. National Register Historic Districts are defined geographical areas consisting of contributing and non-contributing properties; some properties are added automatically to the National Register when they become administered by the National Park Service.
These include National Historic Landmarks, National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Military Parks, National Memorials, some National Monuments. On October 15, 1966, the Historic Preservation Act created the National Register of Historic Places and the corresponding State Historic Preservation Offices; the National Register consisted of the National Historic Landmarks designated before the Register's creation, as well as any other historic sites in the National Park system. Approval of the act, amended in 1980 and 1992, represented the first time the United States had a broad-based historic preservation policy; the 1966 act required those agencies to work in conjunction with the SHPO and an independent federal agency, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, to confront adverse effects of federal activities on historic preservation. To administer the newly created National Register of Historic Places, the National Park Service of the U. S. Department of the Interior, with director George B.
Hartzog Jr. established an administrative division named the Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation. Hartzog charged OAHP with creating the National Register program mandated by the 1966 law. Ernest Connally was the Office's first director. Within OAHP new divisions were created to deal with the National Register; the division administered several existing programs, including the Historic Sites Survey and the Historic American Buildings Survey, as well as the new National Register and Historic Preservation Fund. The first official Keeper of the Register was an architectural historian. During the Register's earliest years in the late 1960s and early 1970s, organization was lax and SHPOs were small and underfunded. However, funds were still being supplied for the Historic Preservation Fund to provide matching grants-in-aid to listed property owners, first for house museums and institutional buildings, but for commercial structures as well. A few years in 1979, the NPS history programs affiliated with both the U.
S. National Parks system and the National Register were categorized formally into two "Assistant Directorates." Established were the Assistant Directorate for Archeology and Historic Preservation and the Assistant Directorate for Park Historic Preservation. From 1978 until 1981, the main agency for the National Register was the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service of the United States Department of the Interior. In February 1983, the two assistant directorates were merged to promote efficiency and recognize the interdependency of their programs. Jerry L. Rogers was selected to direct this newly merged associate directorate, he was described as a skilled administrator, sensitive to the need for the NPS to work with SHPOs, local governments. Although not described in detail in the 1966 act, SHPOs became integral to the process of listing properties on the National Register; the 1980 amendments of the 1966 law further defined the responsibilities of SHPOs concerning the National Register.
Several 1992 amendments of the NHPA added a category to the National Register, known as Traditional Cultural Properties: those properties associated with Native American or Hawaiian groups
Georgia State Route 90
State Route 90 is a 155-mile-long state highway that runs southeast-to-northwest through portions of Atkinson, Irwin, Ben Hill, Wilcox, Dooly, Macon and Talbot counties in the south-central and west-central parts of the U. S. state of Georgia. The route connects Talbotton, via Fitzgerald and Ocilla. SR 90 begins at an intersection with US 82/SR 520 within Atkinson County, it curves to the northwest. Just outside the town's limits, it meets the southern terminus of SR 149, it crosses into Coffee County. The highway doesn't intersect with any major highways in Coffee County, except for SR 158 on the Coffee–Irwin county line. In Irwin County, the highway passes through rural areas of the county and enters the southern part of Ocilla. There, it intersects US 129/SR 11; the three routes head concurrent to the north, past Cumbee Park to an intersection with US 319/SR 32/SR 35. At this intersection, US 319 joins the concurrency, they pass Ocilla Country Club. They enters Ben Hill County just before passing Lake Beatrice.
In the southern part of Fitzgerald, they meet SR 107. At Central Avenue, US 319 departs to the east, concurrent with SR 107. At Sultana Drive, SR 90 splits off to the west. At Dewey McGlamry Road, it turns to the north; the highway heads to the north-northwest and meets the southern terminus of SR 215, which takes on the "Dewey McGlamry Road" name, while SR 90 heads west on Salem Church Road. The route intersects the southern terminus of SR 233 and curves to the southwest and crosses into Turner County before entering Rebecca. In town, it meets SR 112, they run concurrent through town until SR 112 departs to the north on Sylvester Road, while SR 90 heads to the northwest on North Railroad Street. West-northwest of town is a concurrency with SR 159; this concurrency ends at the Turner–Wilcox county line. SR 90 heads west along the county line and enters Wilcox County proper. After that, it enters Crisp County. On the southeastern edge of Cordele, it intersects the eastern terminus of SR 33 Connector.
1 mile is the northern terminus of SR 300. Another mile is US 280/SR 30; the three highways head concurrent to the west, into the main part of town. Is an interchange with Interstate 75. In downtown is an intersection with US 41/SR 7. Here, SR 90 turns north; the three routes enter Dooly County before entering Vienna. In town, it intersects SR 27; the two highways head concurrent to the split apart just before leaving town. SR 90 passes through Lilly before entering Byromville. In town, it meets SR 230; the two routes run concurrent through town. Farther to the northwest, the road crosses into Macon County; the road intersects SR 26/SR 224. The two routes have a rief concurrency, until the Flint River Community Hospital, where SR 90 curves to the north-northeast, to an intersection with SR 49. SR 49/SR 90 run concurrent over the Flint River, into Oglethorpe, they intersect SR 128. At this intersection, SR 49/SR 128 head south on Chatham Street, while SR 90/SR 128 head north on Sumter Street. Just before leaving town is the northern terminus of SR 128 Bypass.
A little ways north of town, SR 90 departs to the northwest to the town of Ideal. Northwest of town, it enters Taylor County, it meets SR 127 just before entering Rupert. There, it begins a brief concurrency with US 19/SR 3. Less than 1 mile SR 127 joins the concurrency; the four routes run concurrent for just over 1 mile. SR 90/SR 127 split off to the west-northwest, they have a concurrency with SR 137. In the town of Mauk, SR 127 splits off to the south. To the north-northwest, the road crosses into Talbot County. In Junction City, it meets SR 96/SR 540, they travel concurrently to a point just west of town. Northwest of town, in Talbotton, it meets SR 208; the two roads begin a concurrency to the west. They pass the Oak Hill Cemetery, before they meet an intersection with US 80/SR 22/SR 41. At this intersection, SR 90 meets its western terminus, SR 208 begins a concurrency with US 80/SR 22/SR 41 to the north. Georgia portal U. S. Roads portal Media related to Georgia State Route 90 at Wikimedia Commons Georgia Roads
Coffee County, Georgia
Coffee County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,356; the county seat is Douglas. Coffee County comprises GA Micropolitan Statistical Area. Coffee County was created by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on February 9, 1854, from portions of Clinch, Irwin and Ware counties; these lands were ceded by the Creek in the Treaty of Fort Jackson in and the Treaty of the Creek Agency and apportioned to the above counties before becoming Coffee County. Berrien, Jeff Davis, Atkinson counties were subsequently formed from sections of Coffee County; the County is named for a state legislator and a U. S. representative. Coffee County Correctional Facility is located in Georgia, it is owned and operated by Corrections Corporation of America, the largest prison company in the nation. Many of the early settlers of what is now Coffee County are buried in historic cemeteries across the region, including the cemetery at Lone Hill United Methodist Church—located at 6833 Broxton-West Green Highway, some 10 miles northeast of Douglas.
The church and its cemetery date to the 1840s, with the earliest marked grave dated 1848. A majestic Eastern Redcedar has graced the cemetery for generations and is recognized as the nation's largest of this species through American Forests’ Champion Trees program. In July 2018 the tree was recognized as 2018's Great American Tree by American Grove. Having been nominated by Mark McClellan of the Georgia Forestry Commission, the tree has been featured in such publications as the Smithsonian Magazine and Janisse Ray's Wild Card Quilt; the circumference of the tree exceeds 20 feet. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 603 square miles, of which 575 square miles is land and 28 square miles is water; the vast majority of Coffee County is located in the Satilla River sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla River basin; the northern corner of the county, well north of Broxton, an area bisected by State Route 107, is located in the Lower Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin.
The southwestern corner of Coffee County, northeast of Alapaha, is located in the Alapaha River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin. As of the census of 2000, there were 37,413 people, 13,354 households, 9,788 families residing in the county; the population density was 62 people per square mile. There were 15,610 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 68.23% White, 25.88% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.04% from other races, 0.92% from two or more races. 6.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 13,354 households out of which 37.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.50% were married couples living together, 15.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.70% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28.30% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, 9.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,710, the median income for a family was $35,936. Males had a median income of $26,642 versus $20,644 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,530. About 15.30% of families and 19.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.90% of those under age 18 and 21.10% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 42,356 people, 14,817 households, 10,630 families residing in the county; the population density was 73.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 17,061 housing units at an average density of 29.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 64.7% white, 26.6% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 6.3% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.6% were English, 10.7% were American, 5.8% were Irish. Of the 14,817 households, 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families, 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.18. The median age was 34.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $35,202 and the median income for a family was $39,880. Males had a median income of $33,590 versus $26,129 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,664. About 18.3% of families and 21.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.6% of those under age 18 and 18.4% of those age 65 or over. Ambrose Broxton Douglas Nicholls Coffee Road General Coffee State Park National Register of Historic Places listings in Coffee County, Georgia Sapps Still, Georgia Broxton Rocks GeorgiaInfo Coffee County Courthouse History The New Georgia Encyclopedia entry for Coffee County Georgiagov.com info for Coffee County Coffee County historical marker
Benjamin Harvey Hill
Benjamin Harvey Hill was a politician whose career spanned state and national politics, the Civil War. He served in the Georgia legislature in both houses. Although he had opposed secession, he stayed with the South and served as a Confederate senator representing Georgia. After the war and near the end of the Reconstruction era, Hill was elected in 1874 to the United States House of Representatives, in 1877 as a U. S. senator from Georgia. He served in the Senate until his death in 1882. Hill was born September 1823, in Hillsboro, Georgia, in Jasper County, he was of Irish American ancestry. He attended the University of Georgia in Athens, where he was a member of the Demosthenian Literary Society, he graduated in 1844 with first honors. He was admitted to the Georgia bar in 1844, he married Caroline E. Holt in Athens, Georgia in 1845; as a politician, Hill was affiliated with a number of parties, reflecting the volatile politics before and after the American Civil War. He was elected to the state legislature of Georgia in 1851 as a member of the Whig Party.
He supported Millard Fillmore running on the Know-Nothing ticket in 1856, was an elector for that party in the Electoral College. In 1857, he ran for governor of Georgia unsuccessfully against the Democratic nominee Joseph E. Brown. In 1859, he was elected to the state senate as a Unionist. In 1860, he was again this time for John Bell and the Unionist party. Hill was known as "the peerless orator" for his skill in delivering speeches, he was the only non-Democratic member of the Georgia secession convention on January 16, 1861, he spoke publicly against the dissolution of the Union, along with Alexander Stephens, a former opponent. Following Stephens' regarded argument, based on a conservative reading of the Constitution, Hill struck a more pragmatic tone, his arguments related to the conservative belief that disunion would lead to the abolition of slavery and the downfall of Southern society. He quoted Henry Ward Beecher, a Northern abolitionist, who enthusiastically supported the dissolution of the Union as a means to end slavery, described the anti-slavery Republican Party as a "disunionist" party, in contrast to the "Union men and Southern men" participating in the convention.
Acknowledging the need to respond to the threat of Lincoln's election, Hill argued that his fellow Georgians should continue to resist Lincoln democratically within the bounds of the Constitution. He compared this course to George Washington, "so cool, so brave, so thoughtful." He argued that the Northern states would follow the British course of rising abolitionist thought, followed by acceptance again of slavery due to economic necessity. But he allowed that the South should prepare for war if it should become necessary. Hill voted against secession, but became a political ally of Jefferson Davis, elected as president of the Confederacy; when the Confederate government was formed, Hill transferred to the Confederate Provisional Congress. He was subsequently elected by the Georgia legislature to the Confederate States Senate, a term which he held throughout its existence. At one point in the Confederate Senate and fellow senator William Lowndes Yancey had to be separated by other members after a bloody scuffle on the floor.
At the end of the Civil War, Hill was arrested as a Confederate official by the Union and confined in Fort Lafayette from May until July 1865. Unlike many Confederate politicians, Hill had a long and distinguished career as a "reconstructed" Southerner and U. S. politician. He became a Democrat after the Civil War ended, he spoke out passionately against Radical Reconstruction and in the summer of 1867 made a series of speeches in Atlanta, the most famous being the Davis House speech of July 16, 1867, denouncing the Reconstruction Acts of 1867. His courage and eloquence won him national recognition. In 1874, he was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives, serving from May 5, 1875 - March 3, 1877, he won a reputation as a spokesman for the South. He was elected by the Georgia legislature to the U. S. Senate on January 26, 1877, as Reconstruction was ending, he served in the U. S. Senate from March 4, 1877, until his death on August 16, 1882, his obituary was featured on the front page of the Atlanta Constitution, on August 17, 1882.
Hill is buried in historic Oakland Cemetery in Georgia. A life-size statue of Hill looking down from atop a sized plinth was installed inside the Georgia State Capitol in Atlanta, Georgia. A larger than life portrait of Hill hangs in the Capitol Rotunda. Ben Hill County, founded in 1906, was named in his honor. List of signers of the Georgia Ordinance of Secession List of United States Congress members who died in office United States Congress. "Benjamin Harvey Hill". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Benjamin Harvey Hill at the New Georgia Encyclopedia Birthplace of Benjamin Harvey Hill historical marker