Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in the British Isles, located in Scotland. Standing at 1,345 metres above sea level, it is located at the end of the Grampian Mountains in the Lochaber area of the Scottish Highlands. The mountain is a destination, attracting an estimated 100,000 ascents a year. The 700-metre cliffs of the face are among the highest in Scotland, providing classic scrambles. They are also the locations in Scotland for ice climbing. The summit, which is the dome of an ancient volcano. The meteorological data collected during this period are still important for understanding Scottish mountain weather, C. T. R. Wilson was inspired to invent the cloud chamber after a period spent working at the observatory. Ben Nevis is an Anglicisation of the Scottish Gaelic name Beinn Nibheis, Beinn is the most common Gaelic word for mountain, Nibheis is variously understood, though the word is commonly translated as malicious or venomous. An alternative interpretation is that Beinn Nibheis derives from beinn nèamh-bhathais, from nèamh heavens, clouds, one translation would therefore be the mountain with its head in the clouds, though mountain of Heaven is also frequently given. As is common for many Scottish mountains, it is both to locals and visitors as simply the Ben. Ben Nevis forms a massif with its neighbour to the northeast, Càrn Mòr Dearg, both mountains are among the nine in Scotland over 4,000 feet, Aonach Beag and Aonach Mòr are also on the Nevis massif. The hut is situated just above the confluence of Allt a Mhuilinn, in addition to the main 1, 345-metre summit, Ben Nevis has two subsidiary tops listed in Munros Tables, both of which are called Càrn Dearg. The higher of these, at 1,221 metres, is situated to the northwest, the other Càrn Dearg juts out into Glen Nevis on the mountains southwestern side. A lower hill, Meall an t-Suidhe, is located further west, forming a saddle with Ben Nevis which contains a small loch, the popular tourist path from Glen Nevis skirts the side of this hill before ascending Ben Neviss broad western flank. Ben Nevis is all that remains of a Devonian volcano that met an end in the Carboniferous period around 350 million years ago. Evidence near the summit shows light-coloured granite lies among dark basaltic lavas, the two lying side-by-side is evidence the huge volcano collapsed in on itself creating an explosion comparable to Thera or Krakatoa. The mountain is now all that remains of the inner dome of the volcano. Its form has been shaped by glaciation
Ben Nevis from Banavie. The summit is beyond and to the left of the apparent highest point.
Charles Inglis Clark Memorial Hut with the Carn Dearg Buttress behind