Bendir

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Bendir
Bendir.jpg
Moroccan bendir with snares
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 211.3
(Membranophone)

The bendir (Arabic: بندير‎; plural banadir, بنادير) is a frame drum with a wooden frame and membrane[1]. The word bendir in Turkish means "a big hand frame drum", which is known as a duff in Arabic. The bendir is used as a traditional instrument throughout North Africa, and was used in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia[2].

Unlike the tambourine, the bendir has no jingles. The bandir often has a snare (usually made of gut) stretched across the head which gives the tone a buzzing quality when the drum is struck with the fingers or palm. The drum is played vertically by inserting the thumb of the left hand in a special hole in the frame.

The bendir is often used in Sufi ceremonies. A frame drum similar to the bendir called a tar is used in Egypt. The Egyptian version does not have a snare on the back of the frame.

A version of the bendir exists in Ireland called the Bodhrán, which is usually played with a beater.[3]

Man playing the bendir

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Raine-Reusch, Randy (2010). Play the World: The 101 World Instrument Primer. Pacific, MO.: Mel Bay Publications. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-61065-251-3. 
  2. ^ "Bendir - History". Lark in the Morning. Retrieved 2017-12-27. 
  3. ^ Éireann, Comhaltas Ceoltóirí. "Comhaltas: Bodhrán: its origin, meaning and history". comhaltas.ie. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 

External links[edit]

  • Bendir at Eckermann Drums Austria