Valencian referred to as Southern Catalan, is a dialect of the Catalan language spoken in the Valencian Community, where it is an official language, in the El Carche comarca in Murcia, where it has no official recognition. Besides, it is spoken in the south of the Terres de l'Ebre and in the south of La Franja in Aragon, in its transitional variety; the denominations "Valencian" or "Valencian language" are used traditionally and as a glottonym exclusively in the Valencian Community, to refer not only to the dialect spoken in the region, but to refer to the totality of the Catalan language. However, outside this territory the use of this denomination is null, it is considered the Valencian Community's own language according to the region's 1982 Statute of Autonomy and the Spanish Constitution. According to philological studies, the varieties of this language spoken in the Valencian Community and El Carxe cannot be considered a dialect restricted to these borders: the several dialects of Valencian belong to the Western group of Catalan dialects.
Valencian, as a variety of the Catalan language, displays transitional features between Ibero-Romance languages and Gallo-Romance languages. Its similarity with Occitan has led many authors to group it under the Occitano-Romance languages. There is some controversy within the Valencian Community regarding its status as a glottonym or as a language on its own among certain political sectors such as blaverism and Spanish nationalism. According to a study carried out by the Generalitat Valenciana in 2014, scarcely more than a half people in the Valencian Community consider it as a separate language, different from Catalan. However, according to the same study, most of Valencians with higher studies say that it is the same language. According to the 2006 Statute of Autonomy Valencian is regulated by the Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua, by means of the Normes de Castelló. Due to not having been recognized for a long time and the considerable immigration coming from Andalusia but from other areas of Spain where Spanish is spoken, the number of speakers has decreased, the influence of Spanish has led to the adoption of a huge amount of loanwords.
Some of the most important works of Catalan literature in Valencia experienced a golden age during the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Important works include Joanot Martorell's chivalric romance Tirant lo Blanch, Ausiàs March's poetry; the first book produced with movable type in the Iberian Peninsula was printed in the Valencian variety. The earliest recorded chess game with modern rules for moves of the queen and bishop was in the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor; the official status of Valencian is regulated by the Spanish Constitution and the Valencian Statute of Autonomy, together with the Law of Use and Education of Valencian. Article 6 of the Valencian Statute of Autonomy sets the legal status of Valencian, providing that: The official language of the Valencian Community is Valencian. Valencian is official within the Valencian Community, along with Spanish, the official language nationwide. Everyone shall have the right to know it and use it, receive education in Valencian. No one can be discriminated against by reason of their language.
Special protection and respect shall be given to the recuperation of Valencian. The Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua shall be the normative institution of the Valencian language; the Law of Use and Education of Valencian develops this framework, providing for implementation of a bilingual educational system, regulating the use of Valencian in the public administration and judiciary system, where citizens can use it when acting before both. Valencian is recognized under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages as "Valencian". Valencian is not spoken all over the Valencian Community. A quarter of its territory, equivalent to 10% of the population, is traditionally Castilian-speaking only, whereas Valencian is spoken to varying degrees elsewhere. Additionally, it is spoken by a reduced number of people in Carche, a rural area in the Region of Murcia adjoining the Valencian Community. Although the Valencian language was an important part of the history of this zone, nowadays only about 600 people are able to speak Valencian in the area of Carche.
In 2010 the Generalitat Valenciana published a study and Social use of Valencian, which included a survey sampling more than 6,600 people in the provinces of Castellón, Alicante. The survey collected the answers of respondents and did not include any testing or verification; the results were: Valencian was the language "always or most used": at home: 31.6% with friends: 28.0% in internal business relations: 24.7%For ability: 48.5% answered they speak Valencian "perfectly" or "quite well" 26.2% answered they write Valencian "perfectly" or "quite well" The survey shows that, although Valencian is still the common language in many areas in the Valencian Community, where more than half of the Valencian population are able to speak it, most Valencians do not speak in Valencian in their
Benimuslem is a municipality in the comarca of Ribera Alta in the Valencian Community, Spain
Montserrat known as Montserrat d'Alcalà, is a municipality in the comarca of Ribera Alta in the Valencian Community, Spain. International week of Chamber Music of Montserrat: The town of Monserrat and its council develops since the summer of 1981, musical performances included in the “International week of Chamber Music”, in its 30th edition. One thing that proves the projection that the festival has experienced is the number of quality of the artists who have passed through it. All of them with a well-known nationality and dense musical career
Alcàntera de Xúquer
Alcàntera de Xúquer is a municipality in the comarca of Ribera Alta in the Valencian Community, Spain
Cotes is a municipality in the comarca of Ribera Alta in the Valencian Community, Spain
Alzira is a town and municipality of 45,000 inhabitants in Valencia, eastern Spain. It is the capital of the comarca of Ribera Alta in the province of Valencia. Alzira is located in the province of Valencia, on the left bank of the Júcar river, on the Valencia–Alicante railway. Alzira's climate is Mediterranean: warm with no extremes of temperature either in summer or winter. Rainfall is irregular. Torrential rains follow periods of relative drought; the town contains the Murta and Casella valleys. Alzira's borough extends over 111 square kilometres. Alzira was founded by the Muslim Moors under the name Jazirat Shukr which became known as Júcar Island, it was a prosperous trading station during the reign of the Muslim Moors which lasted over five hundred years. During that time the city had a local administrative government and was considered as a cultural hub for writers and law experts; the city was conquered by James I of Aragon on 30 December 1242. Alzira, located right on the bank of the Júcar, has suffered devastating floods throughout its history - in particular in 1472, 1590, 1864, 1916, 1982 and 1987.
Alzira has been a walled town, surrounded by palm and mulberry groves, by low-lying rice-swamps, which rendered its neighborhood somewhat unhealthy. It is sometimes identified with the pre-Roman Sucro. According to one source, the mutiny at Sucro of 206 BC, squelched by Scipio Africanus, was at or near present-day Alzira, a few kilometers east of the mouth of the Sucro/Jucar River. Agriculture was the prime economic driving force in Alzira up to the mid-20th century; the most important produce are oranges and they are distributed by important local co-operatives. During the 20th century, Alzira changed from an agricultural based economy to a diversified industry-orientated city with an important commercial infrastructure and associated services. Many outstanding companies have their head-office in the city: building and publishing companies, diverse manufacturers and ice cream factories, etc. Alzira has become a important commercial city due to its influence area, estimated about 300,000 inhabitants.
Alzira has a 250-bed Community Hospital, the Hospital de la Ribera, built in 1999 by UTE-Ribera, under a Private Finance Initiative scheme. Under the contract the Valencia Health Department pays an annual capitation-fee per inhabitant of 420 euros to Ribera Salud. There are about 250000 inhabitants in the area; the hospital has to pay for any treatment provided elsewhere for those inhabitants, they are at liberty to go elsewhere. After 10 years the building revertss to the Valencia Health Department. During 2001, there were 19205 inpatient episodes, 19098 surgical acts, 115428 A&E visits, 462733 outpatient visits. 90% of the patients seen were satisfied with the care they got. This capitation based system with integration between primary and secondary care providers and a unified IT system across all services has become known as the Alzira model and received a great deal of attention; the quality of services appears to be higher than other health care systems. Monastery of la Murta: It is constituted of buildings rising in the following three periods: SXIX_XV, XVI y XVII.
In the 19th century, after the expropriation, his new owner raised a manor over the hospice of the monastery. The Monastery has a partition battlemented wall. Nowadays, In the garden. There are still remainders gathering in the walls. In that way, it has prepared to increase the defensive function; the elements of the group are: Monastery: The new church and the Tower of the Bells._ Fortified tower of la Porteria. Ruins of the monastery and adjacent elements. Foster chapel of' La Virgen de la Murta'. Alzira walled circuit: The walls of Alzira were built around a possible river island, from which derives its name in Arabic had a dual purpose, first the defense, second the flood protection of Júcar river; the walls were buried by the river. The walled circuit was formed by a double wall which today contains the historical center of “la Vila”, dated in the Islamic period where some of the mosques and baths were settled. Nowadays, the remains are located in two areas of the city, “el parque de las murallas” and “las murallas del Antiguo Mercado” Town council hall of Alzira: This building has a civil Gothic style of the Crown of Aragon.
Its oldest part dates from the 16th century and, although we can say that the construction of its plant obeys to medieval patterns alternating the Ghotic style and the Baroque. It is a building with a quadrangular plant and a three water covered with Arabic tiles in whose construction the following local unions have collaborated: stonecutters and mull wall, its interior rooms are arranged around a rectangular gallery. In 1930 it was declared an Artistic National Monument Santa Catalina church of Alzira: The building was rebuilt in the 17th century on an earlier mosque, with a Gothic basilica and a Gothic factory, it is inserted into the so-called “reconquista” churches with a single ground covered with a cannon vault open with lunettes and open chapels between buttresses, covered with a mid-cannon vault. Over the transept, a drum covered by a dome over scallops sets up; this was replaced by a new double-sloped roof that covers the entire temple Mare de Déu del Lluch Sanctuary of Alzira: Construction built in a neo-Romanesque style.
The temple of three naves is covered with groin vault, while the major chapel is fixed with another kind of vault. The access is thro
Tous is a municipality in the Valencian Community, in the province of Valencia. The town is rather well known because, in 1982, the river Jucar broke Tous's reservoir provoking a great flood with a flood of 16,000 m3/s and more than 30 casualties; the flood was called La Pantanada