Benquet

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Benquet
Town hall
Town hall
Location of Benquet
Benquet is located in France
Benquet
Benquet
Benquet is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Benquet
Benquet
Coordinates: 43°49′51″N 0°30′02″W / 43.8308°N 0.5006°W / 43.8308; -0.5006Coordinates: 43°49′51″N 0°30′02″W / 43.8308°N 0.5006°W / 43.8308; -0.5006
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentLandes
ArrondissementMont-de-Marsan
CantonMont-de-Marsan-2
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Pierre Mallet
Area
1
29.33 km2 (11.32 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
1,765
 • Density60/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
40037 /40280
Elevation46–91 m (151–299 ft)
(avg. 60 m or 200 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Benquet is a commune in the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Geography[edit]

Benquet is situated 5 miles (8 km) south of Mont-de-Marsan, at the confines of the Landes forest and of the agricultural region of Chalosse, it is 55 miles (89 km) from the Atlantic Ocean.

Neighboring cities are: Saint-Pierre-du-Mont, Bretagne-de-Marsan, Saint-Maurice-sur-Adour, Saint-Sever, Bas-Mauco, Haut-Mauco.

History[edit]

Benquet, belonging to the former royal province of Gascony, was under the rule of the abbey of Saint Sever. Jehan Bernard de Benquet, vassal of the prince of Navarre, had the title of Sénéchal of Marsan and of Gabardan. Fights with French Huguenots are reported here.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17931,470—    
18001,281−12.9%
1806940−26.6%
18211,243+32.2%
18311,288+3.6%
18361,280−0.6%
18411,238−3.3%
18461,304+5.3%
18511,284−1.5%
18561,246−3.0%
18611,183−5.1%
18661,222+3.3%
18721,155−5.5%
18761,173+1.6%
18811,155−1.5%
18861,134−1.8%
18911,096−3.4%
18961,054−3.8%
19011,016−3.6%
19061,039+2.3%
19111,036−0.3%
1921907−12.5%
1926875−3.5%
1931832−4.9%
1936803−3.5%
1946801−0.2%
1954867+8.2%
1962858−1.0%
1968828−3.5%
19751,039+25.5%
19821,154+11.1%
19901,240+7.5%
19991,293+4.3%
20061,405+8.7%
20131,587+13.0%

Its inhabitants are called Benquetois.

Economy[edit]

Mostly corn-growing, breeding (ducks, geese), foie-gras making. Agri-foodstuff research center.

Twin cities[edit]

Benquet is the twin village of Muespach-le-Haut, on the German border; as a matter of fact, population from Alsace flew their region and found shelter in South-Western France when the Nazi troops arrived in the early stages of World War II.

Sights[edit]

Churches St John the Baptist (19th century) and Saint Christau (eleventh century). Benquet is a stopover on the medieval pilgrimage route to Santiago Compostela (route of Vézelay). Benquet boasts a the privately owned château de Laurens Castelet and a "miraculous" spring, close to the church of St Christau.

King Henri IV had an elegant home in Benquet: the Château-Vieux lodge (no longer exists).

Religion and language[edit]

People are mostly Catholic; the official language is French. The Gascon language is still spoken by some elderly people on some occasions.

Recreational activities[edit]

Hunting (woodcocks, pheasants...) and fishing are very popular + walking (pilgrims to Santiago are still to be met), cycling, basketball playing.

Events[edit]

  • Music Festival Atout Choeurs : early May
  • Fair of Benquet : early July

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.

External links[edit]

Previous stop
Saint Pierre-du-Mont
Santiago Compostela pilgrimage

Via Lemovicensis
Next stop
Saint-Sever