Beonex Communicator is a discontinued open-source Internet suite based on the Mozilla Application Suite by Ben Bucksch, a German Mozilla developer. It was intended to have privacy level than other commercial products; the Internet suite contains a Web browser, an email and news client, an HTML editor and an IRC client. Beonex Business Services offered the suite for free and provided documentation, easy install routines for third-party plug-ins, tried to sell support and customer-specific changes on the browser; the main goal was to implement Kerberos, OpenPGP, LDAP in Beonex, but, marked as failed in mid-2004. It was discontinued before reaching production release stage. Mozilla Organization stated that the Mozilla Application Suite was only for developers and testing purposes and was not meant for end users. On 5 January 2001 Beonex was included in the Linux distribution kmLinux version S-0.4, but was removed in version S-0.5 released on 23 March 2001. Beonex 0.8 was released in June 2002 received positive reviews about its speed.
Meatworks and Wharf Site is a heritage-listed former abattoir and wharf at Settlement Road, St Lawrence, Isaac Region, Australia. It was built from 1870s to 1890s, it is known as Broadsound Meat Company, Broadsound Packing Co Ltd, Newport Meatworks Company. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 23 February 2001; the former meatworks and wharf site is thought to be established in the 1860s as a boiling down works. By 1893, the meatworks had been established and remained in operation until around 1911; the St Lawrence area was settled by 1860. Around the same time, John Mackay was travelling in the area; the meatworks was one of the largest projects undertaken in the history of St Lawrence. It has been suggested that the meatworks owed its origin to the fact that a boiling down works had been established about four miles from the town near the wharf on Waverley Creek; the purpose of the boiling down process was to recover the fat or tallow from cattle which were considered below standard for putting through the butcher shop.
The demand for tallow would have been much greater in that period of Australian history, for tallow was much in demand for use in candles and for preserving harnesses. Boiling down works have been an important industry throughout Queensland during a number of periods; the establishment of such works coincided with drought and low prices for wool and beef. Boiling-down factories were started in Brisbane in 1843 by John "Tinker" Campbell and in Ipswich in 1847. By 1851, two works were located in Ipswich. Other boiling down works being established on the Darling Downs during the 1860s, included Campbell's operation on Westbrook Homestead, the depression of the time being the predominant reason behind the establishment of such industries. Reasons behind the establishment of the boiling down works at St Lawrence may have been due to the effects of the depression. By 1865 the Queensland Government was in the process of extending the telegraph line between St Lawrence and Bowen, to the Gulf of Carpentaria.
In 1866, the Government proposed an impost on wool and hides. The Queensland Legislative Council considered the resolution to present the Governor with a Bill to be introduced to the Legislative Council to impose an export duty on one halfpenny per pound on wool, one pound per ton on tallow, three pence each on hides and one halfpenny each of sheepskins; the Council was divided and the motion was not passed. In 1866, Septimus Nash Spong designed a wharf at St Lawrence. Spong received a Queensland Government post in 1861, as clerk of works in the Colonial Architect's Office where he replaced Joseph Sherwin. Spong moved to Rockhampton where he practiced as an architect and land surveyor from 1865 until 1874; as with its Canadian namesake, which has the fastest tide in the world, the basin at St Lawrence has a rapid and deep tidal surge and so was dangerous as a port. In 1873, as a cyclone and the storage of copper ore damaged the old wharf, a new wharf was established at Waverley Creek, which had better access by land and sea.
So, the extension of the Central Western railway line to the port in Rockhampton reduced trade via St Lawrence and St Lawrence ceased to be a port after 1879. PR Gordon, the Chief Inspector of Sheep observed in 1871, that the preservation of meat had become an established industry in the Colony. WB Tooth of Clifton reported boiling down 32000 sheep. Boiling down works were situated at Burke, Baffle Creek, Gladstone, Redbank, Townsville and Yengarie; the Inspector stated that the Dalby and Westbrook Boiling Establishments reported having been obliged to discontinue operations on account of the excessive railway charges absorbing too large a share of the profits as the margin had become so small. The Inspector further reported that the during the present year, the Westbrook and Rockhampton curing establishments would be in active operation. While there is no clear evidence as to who established the boiling down works by August 1893, the Chairman of the Broadsound Divisional Board, on behalf of the residents of the district wired a protest to Sir Thomas McIlwraith regarding the closing of the Customs and other government offices.
The community considered that the closing of such offices would mean stagnation for the area instead of progress. It was suggested at the time that, as companies for boiling down and exporting meat and for coal mining were being initiated, the works would mean increased revenue for the district. Two men involved with the works were TS Beatty and George Fox, who led the move to establish the factory. By September 1900, Beatty was described as one of the most enterprising men of the district, keeping the welfare of the town and district foremost in his thoughts; the meatworks was a prominent industry in the area at the time as copper mines in the area had failed, sheep were being moved west and the railway from Emerald to Clermont cut off traffic to St Lawrence. Despite difficulties such as devaluation and having little market for stock, which meant that it was impossible to fix a minimum price, the works were built and a price was established which had a fixed value to cattle proprietors, providing some stability in the industry.
The works were described as being situated on Waverley Creek, about "three and a half miles" from St Lawrence, connected to the wharf by a tramline and with every convenience to hand for the efficient handling of stock and carcasses. The company had a strong propriety, both in London and the Colonies. By means of their steamer Tarshaw the works kept in direct communication with Rockhampton and the southern Colonies. Upwards of 120 men were employed and the company had a view to further ex
The World Junior Figure Skating Championships is an annual figure skating competition sanctioned by the International Skating Union in which figure skaters within a designated age range compete for the title of World Junior champion. The ISU guidelines for junior eligibility have varied throughout the years – skaters must be at least 13 years old but not yet 19 before the previous 1 July, except for men competing in pair skating and ice dancing where the age maximum is 21; this event is one of the four annual ISU figure skating Championships and is considered the most prestigious international competition for juniors. Medals are awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, ice dancing; the first World Junior Championships were held in March 1976 in Megève, were named the "ISU Junior Figure Skating Championships". In 1977 the championships were held again under the same name at the same place. In 1978 these championships were renamed the "World Junior Figure Skating Championships", held once again in Megève, France.
Since the location has changed each year. From its inception until 1980, the World Junior Championships were held in the spring. In 1981, the timing was changed to the December of the previous calendar year. In 2000, the timing was changed back to its previous form and the World Junior Championships were once again held in the spring. Skaters qualify for the World Junior Championships by belonging to an ISU member nation; each country is allowed one entry in every discipline by default. The most entries a country can have in a single discipline is three. Countries earn a second or third entry for the following year's competition by earning points through skater placement; the points are equal to the sum of the placements of the country's skaters. Entries do not carry over and so countries must continue to earn their second or third spot every year. If a country only has one skater/team, that skater/team must place in the top ten to earn a second entry and in the top two to earn three entries to next year's championships.
If a country has two skaters/teams, the combined placement of those teams must be 13 or less to qualify 3 entries, 28 or less to keep their two entries. If they do not do so, they only have one entry for the following year. Which skaters from each country attend the World Junior Championships is at the national governing body's discretion; some countries rely on the results of their national championships while others have more varied criteria. Selections vary by country. Skaters must less than 19 by 1 July of the previous year. For example, to compete at the 2010 Junior Worlds, skaters had to be at least 13 and younger than 19 by 1 July 2009. A skater must turn 13 before 1 July in their place of birth, e.g. Adelina Sotnikova was born a few hours into 1 July 1996 in Moscow and was not eligible to compete at the 2010 event. "ISU Constitution & General Regulations 2006". "ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules: Single and Pair Skating and Ice Dancing 2006". 2000 Championships 2001 Championships 2002 Championships 2003 Championships 2004 Championships at the International Skating Union 2005 Championships at the International Skating Union 2006 Championships at the International Skating Union 2007 Championships at the International Skating Union 2008 Championships at the International Skating Union 2009 Championships at the International Skating Union 2010 Championships at the International Skating Union 2011 Championships at the International Skating Union 2012 Championships at the International Skating Union 2013 Championships at the International Skating Union 2014 Championships at the International Skating Union 2015 Championships at the International Skating Union
Carlo Crialese is an Italian professional footballer who plays for Entella on loan from Pro Vercelli. Crialese started his senior career at Italian Serie D club Gaeta. In 2011 Crialese joined Lega Pro Seconda Divisione club Aprilia. In 2012, he joined fellow fourth-tier club Lamezia. In 2013, he moved via Parma. Nocerina signed Tozzi and Rosato from Parma. During the season, Nocerina was suspected to match-fixing after 8 players were injured, leaving not enough players for the rest of the match, thus the club was relegated. On 1 August 2014 the club was assigned to Eccellenza Campania, two tier below Lega Pro, as Lega Pro only had one unified division since 2014–15 season. However, Crialese himself did not find any club for the second half of 2013–14 season. On 30 June 2014, the last day of 2013–14 financial year, Emmanuel Cascione, Mohamed Traoré were sold from Parma to Serie A newcomers Cesena, with Nicola Ravaglia, Gianluca Turchetta and Nicolò Lolli moved to opposite direction. Crialese signed an initial 3-year contract.
On 1 September 2014 he was signed by Cremonese. The loan deal was extended on 8 July 2015, he returned to Cesena for their pre-season camp on 14 July 2016. However, on 25 July 2016 Crialese was signed by Bassano in another loan. On 12 July 2017 he received a call-up from Cesena for their 2017 pre-season camp. However, he left the club less than a month of the new season. On 20 July 2017 Crialese joined Pro Vercelli, with Ernesto Starita moved to opposite direction. Crialese was left for Serie C club Juve Stabia. On 6 August 2018, he joined Serie C side Virtus Entella on a two-year loan deal. AIC profile Carlo Crialese at Soccerway
Vice Admiral Thomas J. Walker was an officer of the United States Navy, who served as first commanding officer of the aircraft carrier USS Constellation. Thomas Jackson Walker III was born in Edgartown, Massachusetts, on 6 August 1919, into a family with long maritime connections—three of his great-grandfathers had been whaling ship captains. After attending schools in Massachusetts and Florida, he attended the Marion Military Institute in Alabama, he entered the United States Naval Academy, Maryland, with the class of 1939, while there was stroke of the Academy crew and vice-president of his class for four years. Following his commission as an ensign in June 1939, he joined the cruiser Minneapolis. In August 1941, he was detached for flight training at Florida. Designated Naval Aviator in March 1942, he joined the battleship New York as Senior Aviator. In this position, Walker spotted shore bombardment during the North African invasion at Safi, French Morocco and Casablanca and participated in anti-submarine flights over convoys.
He was awarded the Navy Commendation Medal "for his performance of duty on November 8, 1942, during the bombardment of Safi, French Morocco. Despite heavy enemy anti-aircraft fire he kept his ship supplied with accurate and timely reports without which the effect of the bombardment may not have been so executed...." Returning to the United States in 1943, he attended the Post Graduate School at Annapolis, where he completed the course in Aviation Ordnance in December 1944. He next reported to the Fire Control Desk in the Bureau of Aeronautics and remained there until July 1945, he was assigned as Prospective Bomb Commander for the fourth atomic bomb at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. That bomb was never dropped due to the cessation of hostilities in August 1945. After World War II, Walker served as Commanding Officer of Fighter Squadrons 17, 5-B and 61, during which time he was embarked with his respective squadrons aboard the newly commissioned carriers Valley Forge and Coral Sea. After service as Commanding Officer of the Naval Air Special Weapons Facility at the Sandia base, New Mexico.
In July 1951, he assumed command of Air Development Squadron 5. A group engaged in developing tactics for the delivery of special weapons from light aircraft at the Naval Ordnance Test Station at China Lake, California. In 1955 he became a student at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces in Washington, D. C. Walker began his association with the Polaris missile program as head of the Test Branch of the Fleet Ballistic Missile Program, he was temporarily assigned as Assistant to the Chief of Naval Operations, working on a classified project until June 1957. He spent a year as Commanding Officer of the Fleet All-Weather Training Unit where he was concerned with training of carrier pilots for all weather flying and in the air defense of southern California. In July 1958 Walker was back in Washington working with the Polaris as head of Ship Operations and Test Branch and Systems Development Analysis Chief. For his work with Polaris Captain Walker received the Navy Commendation Medal with Citation, which reads in part, "Captain Walker carried out his responsibilities with outstanding leadership and resourcefulness.
Through his untiring efforts and high level of technical skill, he made a major contribution to the success of the Fleet Ballistic Missile System...." In April 1960 Walker assumed his first ship command, the ammunition ship USS Nitro. Six months he was ordered detached from Nitro as Prospective Commanding Officer of Constellation, under construction at the New York Naval Shipyard, New York. Walker assumed command of Constellation on 27 October 1961. On 9 November 1963, Walker was promoted to Rear Admiral and was relieved of command of Constellation by Captain Stanley W. "Swede" Vejesta. Walker retired from the Navy as a Vice Admiral, after serving as Commander of Naval Air of the Pacific Fleet. Admiral Walker died on 6 May 2003 at the age of 86 from pneumonia
RAF Bomber Command controlled the RAF's bomber forces from 1936 to 1968. Along with the United States Army Air Forces, it played the central role in the strategic bombing of Germany in World War II. From 1942 onward, the British bombing campaign against Germany became less restrictive and targeted industrial sites and the civilian manpower base essential for German war production. In total 364,514 operational sorties were flown, 1,030,500 tons of bombs were dropped and 8,325 aircraft lost in action. Bomber Command crews suffered a high casualty rate: 55,573 were killed out of a total of 125,000 aircrew, a 44.4% death rate. A further 8,403 men were wounded in action, 9,838 became prisoners of war. Bomber Command stood at the peak of its post-war military power in the 1960s, the V bombers holding the United Kingdom's nuclear deterrent and a supplemental force of Canberra light bombers. In August 2006, a memorial was unveiled at Lincoln Cathedral. A memorial in Green Park in London was unveiled by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 June 2012 to highlight the price paid by the aircrews.
At the time of the formation of Bomber Command in 1936, Giulio Douhet's slogan "the bomber will always get through" was popular, figures like Stanley Baldwin cited it. Until advances in radar technology in the late 1930s, this statement was true. Attacking bombers could not be detected early enough to assemble fighters fast enough to prevent them reaching their targets; some damage might be done to the bombers by AA guns, by fighters as the bombers returned to base, but, not as effective as a proper defence. The early conception of Bomber Command was as an entity that threatened the enemy with utter destruction, thus prevented war. In 1936, Germany's increasing air power was feared by British government planners who overestimated its size and hitting power. Planners used estimates of up to 72 British deaths per tonne of bombs dropped, though this figure was grossly exaggerated; as well, the planners did not know that German bombing aircraft of the day did not have the range to reach the UK with a load of bombs and return to the mainland.
British air officers did nothing to correct these perceptions because they could see the usefulness of having a strong bombing arm. At the start of the Second World War in 1939, Bomber Command faced four problems; the first was lack of size. The second was rules of engagement; the third problem was the Command's lack of technology. The fourth problem was the limited accuracy of bombing from high level when the target could be seen by the bomb aimer; when the war began on 1 September 1939, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the neutral United States, issued an appeal to the major belligerents to confine their air raids to military targets; the French and British agreed to abide by the request, provided "that these same rules of warfare will be scrupulously observed by all of their opponents". British policy was to restrict bombing to military targets and infrastructure, such as ports and railways which were of military importance. While acknowledging that bombing Germany would cause civilian casualties, the British government renounced deliberate bombing of civilian property as a military tactic.
The British abandoned this policy at the end of the "Phoney War", or Sitzkrieg, on 15 May 1940, one day after the Rotterdam Blitz. The British government did not want to violate its agreement by attacking civilian targets outside combat zones and the French were more concerned lest Bomber Command operations provoke a German bombing attack on France. Since the Armée de l'Air had few modern fighters and no defence network comparable to the British Chain Home radar stations, this left France powerless before the threat of a German bombing attack; the final problem was lack of adequate aircraft. The Bomber Command workhorses at the start of the war, the Vickers Wellington, Armstrong Whitworth Whitley and Handley Page Hampden/Hereford, had been designed as tactical-support medium bombers and none of them had enough range or ordnance capacity for anything more than a limited strategic offensive. Bomber Command became smaller after the declaration of war. No. 1 Group, with its squadrons of Fairey Battles, left for France to form the Advanced Air Striking Force.
This action had two aims: to give the British Expeditionary Force some air-striking power and to allow the Battles to operate against German targets, since they lacked the range to do so from British airfields. The Phoney War affected the army. Bomber Command flew many operational missions and lost aircraft but it did no damage to the Germans. Most sorties either were leaflet-dropping missions. In May 1940, some of the Advanced Air Striking Force was caught on the ground by German air attacks on their airfields at the opening of the invasion of France; the remainder of the Battles proved to be horrendously vulnerable to enemy fire. Many times, Battles would set out to attack and be wiped out in the process. Due to French paranoia about being attacked by Germ