Joseph Watt, VC was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He achieved the award during service in the Strait of Otranto and as a result of his meritorious service received the French Croix de Guerre and the Italian Silver Medal for Military Valour. Joseph Watt was born in 1887 in the Scottish fishing village of Gardenstown on the Moray Firth, into the large family of Joseph Sr. and Helen Watt. His father was a fisherman of many years service and his mother was employed in the fish industry. At age ten his father was lost at sea in an accident, the family moved to Fraserburgh in Aberdeenshire where his mother remarried, he learned the fishing trade from an early age and served aboard the White Daisy before purchasing a stake in the drifter Annie. The war changed life in the community as most of the menfolk volunteered for service with the Royal Navy on the patrol service, hunting for enemy shipping and submarines in small drifters and trawlers similar to the ones they sailed in every day.
Joe was no exception, being rated a skipper in the patrol service, marrying Jesse Ann Noble in the days before his posting overseas. Transferred to Italy in 1915, Watt served on drifters in the Adriatic Sea, enduring boring patrol work keeping Austrian submarines from breaking into the Mediterranean Sea. During this time he was commended, for his role in the operation to evacuate the remnants of the Serbian Army following their defeat and retreat to Albania in January 1916 for which he was awarded the Serbian Gold Medal for Good Service. Shortly before Christmas 1916, Watt's drifter, HM Drifter Gowanlea was attacked by an Austrian destroyer sortie, attempting to break the line of drifters and allow submarines to escape into the Mediterranean. Although hit several times by shellfire, the drifter was not damaged and the crew unhurt, it was however a mild precursor to a major raid planned against the Otranto Barrage as the drifter line was now called. On 15 May 1917 Skipper Watt and his crew of eight men and a dog were patrolling peacefully in the Otranto Strait on the lookout for any suspicious activity following an increase in submarine sightings.
Unbeknownst to the allied line, the Austrians had planned a major operation against the barrage, utilising the Rapidkreuzers SMS Saida, Helgoland and SMS Novara under Admiral Miklós Horthy with two destroyers and three submarines. These ships fell upon the drifter line during the night and sank 14 trawlers and drifters which were helpless to reply, as well as two destroyers. Gowanlea was confronted by the Helgoland, which demanded the surrender of the tiny ship and ordered the crew to abandon ship prior to sinking. Instead, Watt ordered his crew to open fire on their large opponent with the drifter’s tiny 6-pounder guns. Gowanlea was hit by four heavy shells damaging the boat and wounding several crewmen; the other drifters around Gowanlea followed her example but were subject to heavy fire, three sinking and the last lurching away damaged. The Austrian cruisers headed for home but were engaged on their return by British and French units and became involved in the inconclusive battle of the Otranto Barrage.
For Watt and the survivors on their battered boats and in the water the fight now was with the sea, as Gowanlea, despite her own heavy damage and casualties moved amongst the wreckage, rescuing wounded men and providing medical attention to those in most need. In particular Watt saved the wounded crew of the sinking drifter Floandi who otherwise may have drowned. There was some dispute at the time as to whether the award of the Victoria Cross was appropriate given the defeat suffered by the barrage despite the resistance against overwhelming odds In the event, Watt was the only recipient of the men put forward from the drifter crews although several other men were given the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal or the Distinguished Service Medal, including three from Gowanlea's crew. Watt was characteristically uncomfortable with his award, commenting on a request for an interview postwar with the words "There has been too much said and it should get a rest... I'm ashamed to read the exaggerations which have been printed".
He was moved from drifters shortly after the action, becoming sick and spending the remainder of the year in hospital in Malta before being brought home to receive his award at Buckingham Palace and serve on light duties as a Chief Skipper. Joe Watt returned to Fraserburgh after the war and refused point blank to speak of his war experience again to his wife, his boat Annie had been lost in the war to a sea mine, so he bought Benachie as a replacement, on board which he once forgot to remove his cap on meeting the Duke of Kent, an omission which mortified him for years afterwards. He served on several other fishing vessels over the next twenty years before joining the Navy again as a drifter captain to serve in the Second World War, which he spent on uneventful duties in home waters accompanied by his son, wounded in the Battle of France serving with the Gordon Highlanders and invalided out of the army, he was on occasion heard to complain that he had been refused foreign service due to his age, which he seemed to feel should be an advantage rather than a hindrance.
Joe Watt died of cancer at home in 1955 and was buried alongside his wife and in-laws at Kirktown Cemetery in Fraserburgh. His passing was remarked on by a local politician who visited him and said of the experience that "He had wonderful faith and courage". Watt, who always shunned the fame generated by his award, kept the medal in a drawer full of junk on board his boat. Many of
William Otto Ernst Michaelis was a German viceadmiral and head of the Naval Command within the Ministry of the Reichswehr in the Weimar Republic. Michaelis was born in Bischofsburg, East Prussia to a civil engineer, he graduated from high school with a first, he entered the Imperial German Navy as a Seeoffizieranwärter in April 1889 and was promoted to Unterleutnant zur See in 1892. He served at the rank of Unterleutnant zur See from 1900 to 1902 as a deck officer and commander with the 1st Torpedo Boat Division in Kiel, he attended Kiel's Naval Academy from 1900 to 1902, leading to service with the Reichsmarineamt as a head of department and with the Admiralty Staff. He served as first officer of a capital ship as staff officer to the admiral of a squadron. From 4 February 1915 through 28 January 1916 he served as chief of staff to the Commander of the High Seas Fleet, Admiral Hugo von Pohl. "Kaiser Wilhelm II. Und seine Marine. Kritische Beobachtungen während des Kaisermanövers in der Nordsee Herbst 1912.
Aus den Erinnerungen von Vizeadmiral William Michaelis", reprinted 1976 "Tirpitz' Wirken vor und während des Ersten Weltkriegs", paper of 1934 Biography in "Die Akten der Reichskanzlei" in the Bundesarchiv Rahn, Werner: "Deutsche Marinen im Wandel. Vom Symbol nationaler Einheit zum Instrument internationaler Sicherheit", 2005, S. 397, S. 420 Anmerkungen ISBN 3-486-57674-7
This was the television schedule on all three networks for the fall season beginning in September 1973. All times are Pacific, with a few exceptions, such as Monday Night Football. New fall series are highlighted in bold; each of the 30 highest-rated shows is listed with its rank and rating as determined by Nielsen Media Research. Yellow indicates the programs in the top 10 for the season. Cyan indicates the programs in the top 20 for the season. Magenta indicates the programs in the top 30 for the season. PBS, the Public Broadcasting Service, was in operation, but the schedule was set by each local station. Note: 60 Minutes aired at 6:00-7:00 pm on CBS from January to June 1974; the Little People Castleman, H. & Podrazik, W.. Watching TV: Four Decades of American Television. New York: McGraw-Hill. 314 pp. McNeil, Alex. Total Television. Fourth edition. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-024916-8. Brooks, Tim & Marsh, Earle; the Complete Directory to Prime Time Network TV Shows. New York: Ballantine. ISBN 0-345-31864-1
Cork-based Nomos were an Irish traditional music band during the 1990s. The group formed in 1990 and consisted of Niall Vallely on concertina, Vince Milne on fiddle, Frank Torpey on bodhran, Gerry McKee on bouzouki, Eoin Coughlan on vocals and bass, they have been described as one of the "most popular Irish bands of the 1990s," and as "one of the more innovative and fiery Irish traditional bands". The group included Liz Doherty on fiddle and John Spillane on vocals and guitar. Doherty and Spillane formed Nomos with Vallely, McKee at University College Cork; the band followed a musical path begun by artists such as The Chieftains, Planxty, Natalie McMaster, Eileen Ivers. The group's fiery sound centered on Vallely's innovative and dynamic concertina playing and Milne's flashy fiddling. Milne's contributions displayed both his affinity for bluegrass. Vallely, of Armagh composed and played the low whistle; the rhythm contributions of Coughlan have been compared to Planxty and the Bothy Band, the bassist/vocalist writes some of the group's songs.
Torpey hails from Wexford. I Won't Be Afraid Anymore Set You Free
Gil Alberto Enríquez Gallo was President of Ecuador 1937–1938. Enriquez was appointed as a general in the Ecuadorian army by Federico Páez, served as Minister of Defense in his government. In September 1937, he overthrew Páez in a military coup. Although he ruled for less than a year, Enríquez achieved note as a social reformer by his promulgation of the Labor Code of 1938. Enríquez is remembered for having initiated a protracted confrontation with the United States-based South American Development Company over the terms of its Ecuadorian concession and the wages it paid its Ecuadorian employees; the company refused to comply with Enríquez's entreaty that more of the profits from its mining operations stay in Ecuador, it won the support of the United States Department of State. His grandson graduated from the United States Naval Academy. Enríquez's legacy lives on as his great grandson, Nick Miljus, graduated from the United States Naval Academy in May 2019 as a Naval Aviator. Unofficial Short Biography President's History