Jordi Pujol i Soley is a Spanish politician, the leader of the party Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya from 1974 to 2003, President of the Generalitat de Catalunya from 1980 to 2003. Pujol was born in Barcelona, studied at the German School of Barcelona and received a medical degree from the University of Barcelona. During his college years, he joined different activist groups that were seeking to rebuild the ideal Catalonia that the Spanish Civil War and Franco's dictatorship had undermined. Among these organizations were Grup Torras i Bages, Comissió Abat Oliva, Grup Pere Figuera or Cofradia de la Mare de Déu de Montserrat de Virtèlia. In 1960, in the course of an homage to Catalan poetist Joan Maragall, held in Palau de la Música Catalana, part of the audience sang the Cant de la Senyera despite being prohibited by the Spanish authorities. Jordi Pujol was among those who organized this protest, he was captured and detained for his protests against the regime of Francisco Franco, he was sentenced to seven years in prison, accused of organizing the opposition campaign.
However, he got out after spending two and a half years in jail, started a new line of political activity with the slogan "building the country". This aimed to raise Catalans' national awareness and create the necessary cultural and financial institutions for the development of Catalonia; as a physician, Pujol was inventor of the antibiotic ointment Neobacitrin while working in the family-run laboratory Fides Cuatrecasas. This ointment achieved great success and is still used today. In 1974, he passed definitively to the political sphere on founding the political party called Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya, of which he was the first Secretary; the political party was not legalized until 1977, during the Spanish transition to democracy after Franco's death in November 1975. From 1977 to 1980, Pujol was Minister without portfolio in the Provisional government of Catalonia, presided by Josep Tarradellas. In 1977 he led Pacte Democràtic per Catalunya, a coalition of Catalan parties that were trying to approve the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia.
In the Spanish general election of 1977 he was elected to the Spanish Congress of Deputies, representing Barcelona. Pujol was re-elected at the 1979 General Election but resigned from the parliament in 1980. On 20 March 1980, the first Parliament of Catalonia elections after Franco's regime were held; the Catalan nationalist party Convergència i Unió won the elections and Jordi Pujol was elected President of the Generalitat de Catalunya on 24 April 1980. He was reelected again in 1984, 1988, 1992, 1995 and 1999. Pujol is an avid supporter of European integration. In 1985, he started a collaboration with Edgar Faure in the Council of the Regions of Europe, which would become the Assembly of European Regions. Pujol was the President of the Assembly of European Regions from 1992 to 1996. Pujol retired in 2003, he left the head of the party to Artur Mas. In 2003 he gave to Biblioteca de Catalunya the bibliographic collection assembled during his presidency of Catalonia, with more than 16,000 documents.
During the last decades of the Franco regime and his 23 years as President of the Generalitat de Catalunya, Jordi Pujol pertained to the majority establishment in Catalan nationalism, instead of seeking a independent republic, intended to work towards a federalized Spain that would, according to Pujol, recognize Catalonia "as a country, as a collective with its own personality and differences," and a "guarantee that her own identity be respected". However, with the conservative People's Party opposing the Catalan Statute of Autonomy, as well as the recognition for the language in the east of Aragon, Pujol has stated that, at least shortly before the Spanish transition to democracy, "there is more aggression towards Catalonia than ever", that Catalans can "no longer hope for anything from the Spanish state". A lifelong federalist, Pujol has become disenfranchised by the Spanish political arena, he has stated, regarding the recent surge of Catalan separatism that more people than want independence, "and they are right to want it."
He married Marta Ferrusola in Santa Maria de Montserrat in 1956 and the couple have seven children. In July 2014, Jordi Pujol released a note explaining that for 34 years, including 23 as the President of Catalonia, he had maintained secret foreign bank accounts inherited from his father; the note apologized for his actions and explained that the millions had been declared and taxes paid. The scandal erupted in the Spanish media as it involves allegations against many family members, including trafficking of influence, money laundering and public corruption. At this time, his sons Jordi and Oleguer Pujol Ferrusola are being investigated by tax authorities. Another son Oriol Pujol resigned from his leadership position in CiU earlier in the month to face charges of public corruption as well; as a direct result of Pujol's admission on 29 July, Judge Pablo Ruz issued an indictment against Jordi Pujol Ferrusola and his wife for money laundering and tax evasion. On 29 July Catalan president Mas, after a meeting with Pujol i Soley, announced that Pujol renounced both his salary and the office that he had been assigned as ex-president, as well as the honorary title of founding chairman of CDC and CiU.
The opposition parties from both left and right and non-nationalist, have demanded he te
Pau Claris i Casademunt
Pau Claris i Casademunt was a Catalan lawyer, clergyman and 94th President of the Deputation of the General of Catalonia at the beginning of the Catalan Revolt. On January 16, 1641, he proclaimed the Catalan Republic under the protection of France. Claris was born in Barcelona, his paternal family was from Berga, both his grandfather and his father, were prominent jurists in Barcelona. His mother was Peronella Casademunt. Pau was the youngest of four brothers, his older brother, was a lawyer who had a strong influence on his brother's path toward politics; the Claris family belonged to the Barcelonan bourgeois and had significant economic and administrative power. While it is possible that his education may have been more extensive, it is only clear that Pau Claris received a doctorate in civil law and canon law from the University of Barcelona, that he studied the course during the period between 1604 and 1612. On August 28, 1612, Claris was appointed to work in La Seu d'Urgell, the seat of the Bishop of Urgell and Andorra.
On September 25 of the same year, he was appointed canon, was assigned to the Diocese of Urgell. In 1626, Claris was elected as a representative of the church at the Corts Catalanes, which opened on March 28 amid a troublesome political situation after the new king of Spain, Philip IV, would not ratify the Catalan constitutions, due to tax reasons and the question of whether royal officers had to follow the Catalan law; the Catalan church had been exhausted by the royal taxes and was against the practice of nominating bishops from Castile to Catalan dioceses. The refusal to pay a tax of 3,300,000 ducats caused the immediate departure of the king to Madrid, it was not until 1632 that the Parliament resumed, although with the same members as in 1626. At this time the rebellion against the Spanish crown was evident, led by a brilliant generation of lawyers, such as Joan Pere Fontanella, the legal advisor of both the Generalitat and the Consell de Cent. In 1632, Claris was appointed by the Ecclesiastical Arm of the government to treat the subject of an election, on July 15 the estate appointed eighteen people - the Divuitena - that would form the role of the Executive Board.
The most remarkable political episode of this period of Claris' life were the riots of Vic. As a result of a papal concession that granted the king of Spain a tenth of the revenues of the Church in Spain, popular unrest virulently erupted in the diocese of Vic under the guidance of the archdeacon, Melcior Palau i Boscà, with the impassioned support of two canons of Urgell and Jaume Ferran; the seizure of ecclesiastical property in Vic by the Royal Court caused revolutionary demonstrations, with defamatory libel and threats of subversion in the field during the spring and summer of 1634. Despite pressure from the bishop of Girona, the Council of Aragon only dared to imprison a dissident deacon, Pau Capfort; the conflict delayed the payment of the tenth until the end of November. In 1630 and 1636, Claris attended the church's Councils of Tarragona. In 1636 he achieved approval of a provision whereby all sermons in the Principality would be in the Catalan language, in spite of the neutralizing efforts of the archbishop of Tarragona, the Spaniard Antonio Pérez.
On July 22, 1638, Pau Claris was elected ecclesiastical deputy of the Diputació del General. The other members chosen with Claris were Francesc de Tamarit and Josep Miquel Quintana as deputies of the Military and Royal Arms, Jaume Ferran, Rafael Antic, Rafael Cerdà as auditors of the Ecclesiastical and Royal Arms, respectively; as the church deputy, Claris presided over the meetings of the Generalitat. According to historian J. H. Elliott, Dalmau de Queralt, Count of Santa Coloma and Viceroy of Catalonia, tried in vain to bribe Claris and Tamarit, individuals uncomfortable about their role in the service of the king. Claris found a government with grave economic problems, resulting from years of mismanagement, conflict that opened with the Spanish Crown accusing the Generalitat of smuggling, due to a breach of the edicts of 1635 and 1638 that prohibited any kind of trade with France because of the Thirty Years' War; the intervention of the sheriff Montrodón, commissioned by Dalmau de Queralt to the warehouses of Mataró and Salses, triggered the conflict, in which the lawyer Joan Pere Fontanella again played a prominent role in favor of the theses of the Members of the Government.
Although the city of Barcelona was reluctant, it sided with the Members in 1639 because of the decision of the Crown to establish a general recovery from Catalonia of 50,000 pounds annually for the years 1639 and 1640. Behind this new effort was the eagerness of Philip IV and the Count-Duke of Olivares to have all the lands of the Spanish Crown contribute financially to the expenses incurred in the Thirty Years' War, which had devastated Castile economically. Catalonia had never felt. Olivares, to counterbalance this situation, wanted to launch a front against France from Catalonia with Catalan help. On July 19, 1639, the French took the Fort de Salses in Roussillon; this initiated a severe struggle between the Count-Duke and the Generalitat to increase the Catalan efforts in the war. The deputies agreed to send Francesc de Tamarit to the front of a new draft of soldiers to recover the castle of Salses, achieved on January 6, 1640. However, the cost in human lives and money for the principality was so great that the situation became explosive.
José Montilla Aguilera is a Spanish politician, a member of the Spanish Senate. He was the 128th President of Generalitat de Catalunya, he became the First Secretary of the Socialists' Party of Catalonia on 18 June 2000, a member of the Federal Executive Committee and the Federal Committee of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party on 23 July 2000. He served as Minister of Industry and Trade in the government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero from 18 April 2004 until 9 September 2006, he has five children. On 29 November 2010 he announced he would not stand again for the post of First Secretary of the PSC due to his party's having obtained its worst-ever results in the 2010 election. At the age of sixteen, he moved from his native Andalusia to Catalonia and settled in Sant Joan Despí, his higher education began with vocational training, but he studied Law for one year and Economics for two years at the University of Barcelona. He himself has said that he gave up his university career as he was working and studying at the same time.
Having joined the Socialists' Party of Catalonia in 1978, two years he became a member of the party's National Council. At the age of 25, he was appointed Deputy mayor for Local Taxation in Sant Joan Despí, where he was the spokesman of the Socialist group on the council. Subsequently, between 1985 and April 2004, he was mayor of Cornellà de Llobregat. In the 1999 elections and again in 2003 he was re-elected with an absolute majority. In 1988, after the creation of the Consells Comarcals, he was elected president of the District Council of Baix Llobregat, a post he occupied until late 1997, he became a member of the Diputació de Barcelona in 1983 as Provincial Deputy for Public Works. In 1987, he was appointed second vice-president of the Diputació and in 1991 he became delegate president for Agriculture and the Environment, a post to which he was appointed again in 1995. In 1999, he was appointed First Vice-president, he was President of the Diputació from 1 July 2003. In 1994, he was elected Secretary for Organization of his party, he became First Secretary of the party on 18 June 2000.
After the 2003 election to the Parliament of Catalonia and the constitution of the "Tripartite Government" of the Socialists' Party of Catalonia, Republican Left of Catalonia and Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds and his appointment as a central government minister in 2004, he became the PSC strong-man in the central government in Madrid, sitting in the national parliament as deputy for Barcelona district from 2004 to 2006. His appointment in April 2004 as minister for Industry and Tourism meant he resigned all his posts in the local administration, he combined his work as minister with the post of First Secretary of the PSC and member of the Federal Executive of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party. After Pasqual Maragall announced that he would not stand again as candidate for president of the Generalitat de Catalunya, the National Committee of the PSC elected him as candidate for the presidency of Catalonia in the elections of 1 November 2006. In these elections no party obtained an absolute majority, the PSC won only the second-largest number of seats after Convergence and Union.
He took office as president on Tuesday, 28 November 2006, he was the first President of the Generalitat in modern times to have been born outside Catalonia. The PSC was defeated in the election held on 28 November 2010, but Montilla remained in office until his successor was elected by the new parliament. In the wake of this defeat, he announced that he would not stand again as First Secretary of the PSC at the party's next congress, he further announced that he would not lead the opposition in the new parliament, indeed would not take up his seat. Campaign website
Girona Cathedral known as the Cathedral of Saint Mary of Girona, is a Roman Catholic church located in Girona, Spain. It is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Girona; the cathedral's interior includes the widest Gothic nave in the world, with a width of 22 metres, the second-widest of any church after that of St. Peter's Basilica, its construction was begun in the 11th century in the Romanesque architectural style, continued in the 13th century in the Gothic style. Of the original Romanesque edifice only the 12th-century cloister and a bell tower remain; the second bell tower was completed in the 18th century. A primitive Christian church existed here before the Islamic conquest of Iberia, after which it was converted into a mosque, in 717; the Franks reconquered the city in 785 under Charlemagne and the church was reconsecrated in 908. In 1015, the church was in poor condition. Bishop Peter Roger, son of Count Roger I of Carcassonne, restored it with the money obtained by selling the church of the St. Daniel to his brother-in-law, Count Ramon Borrell of Barcelona.
The church and its cloister were built in Romanesque style. The bell tower was completed in 1117; the complex was redesigned by Pere Sacoma in 1312. After some years of indecisiveness, Guillem Bofill and Antoni Canet started the project in 1416; the new design consisted of a large Gothic nave, the widest Gothic nave in the world—22.98 m—and the second-widest nave of all styles after St. Peter's Basilica in Rome; the elevation is 35 metres. The church has a Baroque main façade, preceded by a large staircase completed in 1607; the sculptures decorating the three orders of the façade were executed by local sculptors in the 1960s. Other exterior features include the Gothic portal of St. Michael, on the northern façade, the southern portico of the Apostles, from the 14th century; the latter featured sculptures of the Twelve Apostles, executed by Antoni Claperós in the 1460s, which have been lost, aside from two depicting St. Peter and St. Paul, now in the church's chapter house; the church has two bell towers.
The oldest one, named after Charlemagne, is the surviving one of the two flanking the first Romanesque church. Begun in the early 11th century, it has a square plan with six levels separated by friezes with Lombard bands and double mullioned windows; the new bell tower, begun in 1590 and completed in the 18th century, has an octagonal plan. It houses six bells, the oldest one dating to 1574; the interior's single nave is surmounted by cross vaults, supported by Gothic buttresses. The side walls feature a triforium with pointed-arch stained glass windows; the apse is separated from the nave by a wall reaching to the vaulted ceiling and perforated with openings, namely one enormous ogive or pointed arch in the center framing the high altar, flanked by two smaller pointed arches as entrances to the ambulatory at the apse. The upper reaches of the wall bear; the polygonal apse is in turn flanked by two short galleries, with ogive or pointed arches as entrances, which correspond to the original aisles of the Romanesque building and are located at the starting point of the ambulatory.
The latter is divided by piers aligned with the rays of the apse's trapezoidal vaults, forming ten radial chapels. The high altar, in white marble, dates to the 11th century. Other artworks include the Gothic sarcophagus of Berenguer d'Anglesola, by Pere Oller, in the chapel of Isabella of Portugal, the Chapel of All Saints The Romanesque cloister is notable, featuring a series of columns with sculpted capitals: they depict fantastic figures and animals, vegetable motifs; the frieze has instead scenes from the New Testament. Among the sculptors who worked at the cloister is Arnau Cadell author of the cloister of the Monastery of Sant Cugat. In the cloister is the Chapel of Our Lady of Gràcia i de Bell-Ull, a gate to the cloister, renovated in the Gothic period; the cloister's galleries are home to numerous tombs of rich members of the monastery, dating to the 14th to 18th centuries, one by Master Bartomeu. The museum's main attraction is the Tapestry of Creation, an 11th- or early-12th-century piece considered amongst the master works of Romanesque tapestry.
Other artworks include: The a 10th-century illuminated manuscript. 1503. There are other paintings and items, ranging from Medieval to Baroque, including processional crosses, reliquarie
Peratallada is a town in the municipality of Forallac, in the county of Baix Empordà, in Catalonia, Spain. It is located 22 km east of Girona, its name is derived from pedra tallada, meaning'carved stone'. Declared a historic-artistic monument, most of the buildings are built from stone carved from the fosse or moat which still encircles parts of this small fortified medieval town; the owned Castle of Peratallada is the dominant structure in the center of the town, with a 13th-century Romanesque church dedicated to Sant Esteve outside the town walls. The castle has been documented as early as 1065 AD and it was restored as a luxury hotel in the 1960s. During restoration, traces of settlement were found that date back to the Bronze Age. Today, Peratallada is known for its beautiful old stone buildings, rutted stone streets and passageways, its proximity to the beaches of the Costa Brava and its numerous restaurants, small boutique hotels and artists' galleries make it a popular destination. The 1991 film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves was filmed on location here.
A festival – the Festa Major, is held every year in early August with concerts and activities and there is a medieval festival in the autumn. "Municipality of Forallac". "Peratallada Merchant Association". "Large gallery of photos from Peratallada"
Carles Puigdemont i Casamajó is a Catalan politician and journalist from Spain living in Belgium. A former Mayor of Girona, Puigdemont served as President of the Government of Catalonia from January 2016 to October 2017 when he was removed from office by the Spanish Government following the unilateral Catalan declaration of independence, he is chair of the Catalan European Democratic Party and leader of the Junts per Catalunya electoral alliance. After education in Amer and Girona, he became a journalist in 1982, writing for various local publications and becoming editor-in-chief of El Punt, he was director of the Catalan News Agency from 1999 to 2002 and director of Girona's House of Culture from 2002 to 2004. Puigdemont's family were supporters of Catalan independence and Puigdemont became involved in politics as a teenager, joining the nationalist Democratic Convergence of Catalonia, the predecessor to the PDeCAT, in 1980, he gave up journalism to pursue a career in politics in 2006 when he was elected as a member of the Parliament of Catalonia for the constituency of Girona.
He was elected to the Municipality Council of Girona in 2007 and in 2011 he became Mayor of Girona. On 10 January 2016, following an agreement between the Junts pel Sí, an electoral alliance led by the CDC, the Popular Unity Candidacy, the Parliament of Catalonia elected Puigdemont as the 130th President of Catalonia. On 6-7 September 2017, he approved laws for permitting an independence referendum, the juridical transition and foundation of a Republic, a new constitution for Catalonia that would be in place if the referendum supported independence. On 1 October 2017, the Catalan independence referendum was held in Catalonia despite Spain's Constitutional Court ruling that it breached the Spanish constitution. Despite the closing of polling stations and the use of excessive force by Spanish Police 43% of Catalan citizens managed to vote in the illegal referendum, 92% of them supporting independence; the Catalan Parliament declared independence on 27 October 2017 which resulted in the Spanish government imposing direct rule on Catalonia, dismissing Puigdemont and the Catalan government.
The Catalan Parliament was dissolved and the 2017 Catalan regional election was held. On 30 October 2017 charges of rebellion and misuse of public funds were brought against Puigdemont and other members of the Puigdemont Government. Puigdemont, along with others, fled to Belgium and European Arrest Warrants were issued against them. At the regional elections held on 21 December 2017 Puigdemont was re-elected to Parliament and Catalan secessionists retained a slim majority. Official results shown an actual support for independence of 47,6% versus a 43,5% that voted constitutionalist parties, the rest being non-aligned parties and blank votes. Puigdemont called for fresh talks with the Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy but these were rejected. Puigdemont remained in Belgium to avoid arrest if he returned to Spain, with this situation being defined as exile by some, self-imposed exile by some others, as fugitive from justice. On 25 March 2018, he was detained by a highway patrol in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
He was released on bail, with the court deciding he could not be extradited for "rebellion" as German law does not coincide with Spanish law on the definition thereof, a requirement of his EAW. On 10 July, 2018 a Supreme Court judge suspended him as a deputy in the Catalan parliament. On 12 July 2018 a German court decided that he could be extradited back to Spain for misuse of public funds, but not for the more serious charge of rebellion. Following this, on 19 July 2018, Spain dropped the European Arrest Warrants against Puigdemont and other Catalan officials in exile. Puigdemont was born on 29 December 1962 in Amer, a small mountain village in the Province of Girona in north-eastern Catalonia; the son of Francesc Xavier Puigdemont i Oliveras, a baker, his wife Núria Casamajó i Ruiz, he is the second of eight brothers. Puigdemont's grandfather, who fought in the Spanish Civil War before fleeing to France, founded the Pastisseria Puigdemont in 1928; the Puigdemont family still own the bakery located in Amer's main square.
Puigdemont's great-grandfather and his uncle Josep Puigdemont were mayors of Amer and were supporters of Catalan independence, as was Puigdemont's father Xavier. Puigdemont received basic education in Amer before, aged nine, he was sent to study at the Church-run Santa Maria del Collell boarding school in Girona where he was taught in Spanish and "learned to be a fighter". At the age of 16 he was a reporter for the Diari de Girona newspaper, writing articles on football and other news; as a teenager Puigdemont attended political meetings with his uncle Josep and helped found the Nationalist Youth of Catalonia. In 1980 he joined the Democratic Convergence of Catalonia, a conservative Catalan nationalist political party, now known as the Catalan European Democratic Party. After school Puigdemont joined the University College of Girona to study Catalan philology but dropped out to pursue a career in journalism. In 1983, aged 21, Puigdemont was involved in a car accident which left him injured and with a slight scar on his face.
It has been suggested that this explains his Beatle haircut but friends deny this. Puigdemont joined the El Punt, a pro-independence Catalan language newspaper, as a journalist in 1982, he rose up the ranks to become the paper's editor-in-chief. He wrote a weekly column for the Presència magazine, he is a member of the Catalan Journalists Association. Beginning in 1988, Puigdemont started collecting references about Catalonia in the internationa
Generalitat de Catalunya
The Government of Catalonia or the Generalitat de Catalunya is the institution under which the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia is politically organised. It consists of the Parliament of Catalonia, the President of the Generalitat de Catalunya, the Executive Council of Catalonia; the Generalitat has a budget of €34 billion euros. The Parliament of Catalonia unilaterally declared independence from Spain on 27 October 2017 as the'Catalan Republic'. In response Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy decided to dissolve the Parliament of Catalonia and to call a snap regional election for 21 December 2017, after which a new Parliament and a new Catalan government was elected; the independence declaration was turned down by the central Spanish government, members of the Catalan government, including Carles Puigdemont, fled to Belgium claiming to be the legitimate government of the Generalitat of Catalonia. Catalonia’s political past as a territorially differentiated community having its own representative and separated institutions, with respect to the sovereign power of the combined Catalan counties, the Crown of Aragon, the Monarchy of Spain and of the Spanish constitutional state, can be divided into four stages, separated by three great ruptures in the legal/public order.
Pau i Treva de Déu was a social movement promoted in the eleventh century as the response of the Church and the peasants to the violences perpetrated by feudal nobles. The hometowns delimited a protected space of feudal violence. However, to ensure a coexistence climate, it was necessary to go further, establishing an authority that prohibited the practice of any type of violent act anywhere in the territory; this was the objective of the assemblies of Peace and Truce of God, the first of which, in the Catalan counties, took place in Toluges, in 1027, under the presidency of Abbot Oliba, on behalf of Bishop Berenguer d'Elna, absent from the diocese because he was on a pilgrimage. The origin of the Catalan Courts can be considered from the Peace of Truce of God; the Generalitat of Catalonia stems from the medieval institution which ruled, in the name of the King of the Crown of Aragon, some aspects of the administration of the Principality of Catalonia. The Catalan Courts were the main institution of the Principality during its existence as a political entity, approved the Catalan constitutions.
The first constitutions were that of the Courts of 1283. The medieval precedent of the Generalitat, the Diputació del General de Catalunya was a permanent council of deputies established by the Courts in order to recapt the new "tax of the General" in 1359, gained an important political power during the next centuries, assuming tasks of prosecutor, it was chosen by the legislators in 1931 because they felt it was appropriate for invoking as a legitimising base for contemporary self-government. Catalan institutions which depended on the Generalitat were abolished in what is known in Catalonia as Northern Catalonia, one year after the signature of the Treaty of the Pyrenees in the 17th century, which transferred the territory from Spanish to French sovereignty. By the early 18th century, as the Nueva Planta decrees were passed in Spain after the Catalan defeat in the War of the Spanish Succession, the institution was abolished in the Spanish territory as well; the Generalitat was restored in the Catalonia under Spanish administration in 1931 during the events of the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic when Francesc Macià, leader of the Republican Left of Catalonia, declared the Catalan Republic on 14 April but reached an agreement with the Spanish ministers, in which the Catalan Republic was renamed Generalitat of Catalonia and given its modern political and representative function as the autonomous government of Catalonia within the Spanish Republic.
The restored Generalitat was ruled by a statute of autonomy approved by the Spanish Cortes and included a parliament, a presidency, a government and a court of appeal. It was presided by Lluís Companys. After the right wing coalition won the Spanish elections in 1934, the leftist leaders of the Generalitat of Catalonia rebelled in October of that year against the Spanish authorities, it was temporarily suspended from 1934 to 1936. In 1939, as the Spanish Civil War finished with the defeat of the Republican side, the Generalitat of Catalonia as an institution was abolished and remained so during all the Francoist dictatorship until 1975; the president of the Generalitat at the time, Lluís Companys, was tortured and executed in October 1940 for the crime of'military rebellion'. Nonetheless, the Generalitat remained its official existence in exile, leaded by presidents Josep Irla and Josep Tarradellas; the succession of presidents of the Generalitat was maintained in exile from 1939 to 1977, when Josep Tarradellas returned to Catalonia and was recognized as the legitimate president by the Spanish government.
Tarradellas, when he returned to Catalonia, made his quoted remark "Ciutadans de Catalunya: ja sóc aquí", reassuming the autonomous powers of Catalonia, one of the historic nationalities of present-day Spain. After this, the powers given to the autonomous Catalan government according to the Spanish Constitution of 1978 were transferred and the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia was passed after being approved both by referendum in Catalonia and by the Sp