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John Boldeman

John William Boldeman is an Australian nuclear scientist and winner of many scientific awards and medals, including an ANZAAS Medal in 2007, the Clunies Ross Lifetime Achievement Award, as well as an being officer of the order of Australia. He was born in Longreach, the eldest of seven children born to Harold and Eileen Boldeman, he spent much of his childhood in Maryborough and attended the Maryborough Christian Brothers High School and Nudgee College in Brisbane. He went on to study physics at the University of Queensland and joined the Australian Atomic Energy Commission on graduation, continuing his studies in association with his work. Boldeman worked at the AAEC, ANSTO, for 42 years, rising to the position of Director of Physics, he was awarded a PhD from Wollongong University, a D. Sc from University of New South Wales in 1984, he organised the purchase and installation of the Antares accelerator in 1988 at ANSTO. Boldeman is best known for his contribution to the Australian Synchrotron located near Monash University in Melbourne.

Involved in the development of the project from initiation in the 90's, Boldeman became the Foundation Technical Director in 2001, principal advisor to the Victorian government for the Synchrotron. He monitored the construction of the Australian Synchrotron; this included design of the lattice structure. Boldeman received a lifetime contribution award for his work on the ANTARES Tandem Accelerator and the Australian Synchrotron. Boldeman was elected a fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Science and Engineering in 1993, he was made an Officer of the General Division of the Order of Australia in 2015 for services to Australian Science and Technology. He is co-founder and current Vice-president of Gunnamatta youth weight training association in South Cronulla

Third Battle of Mount Hermon

The Third Battle of Mount Hermon was fought on the night of October 21–22, 1973, between the Israeli Army and the Syrian Army over Mount Hermon, during the last days of the Yom Kippur War. Syrian troops had captured the IDF outpost on the mountain on October 6, held it for two weeks. In the third battle, codenamed Operation Dessert, Israeli troops captured the Israeli outpost and the Syrian one. After losing control of Mount Hermon on October 6 and failing to recapture it on October 8, the IDF, the Golani Brigade in particular, grew determined to recapture it, its loss levied a heavy toll on Israel's intelligence gathering during the war. At 10:15 PM on October 19, Israeli Chief of Staff David Elazar was on his way to the Israeli Northern Command to monitor an attack on the Hermon. At that time, the General Staff learned of the United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger's notification of an immediate ceasefire to the war. Elazar was asked to return to Tel Aviv, where he met with the Defense Minister, Moshe Dayan, they agreed that recapturing the Hermon was top priority.

Yehuda Peled, who had commanded the failed counterattack on October 8, decided that it would be best to attack from the Syrian enclave to the east, instead of from the Golan again. The 4,000 foot climb from that direction was steep, but would bring the attacking force straight to the Israeli outpost without fighting on the ridge; the Golani commander, Amir Drori, concurred. Peled's 51st battalion was therefore posted in an abandoned Syrian village at the foot of the eastern side of the Hermon. For three nights, the battalion practiced a quick climb with full gear, Peled concluded that the mission was possible. Elazar ordered him to take the entire crest, including the Syrian Hermon. Golani was to capture the Israeli Hermon, while a reserve paratroopers brigade, under the command of Colonel Haim Nadel, would attack the Syrian positions established before the war. Nadel's officers suggested taking the crest and moving down to the Israeli Hermon. Brigadier-General Yekutiel Adam, Deputy Chief of Northern Command, rejected this suggestion, saying Golani should capture the outpost it had lost.

The paratroop officers suggested that Golani would attack from the east, but were rejected because the eastern slope was considered too vulnerable to Syrian artillery and too steep to safely evacuate the wounded. On the night of October 20, Drori arrived at Northern Command and was advised by a paratroop officer to change his orders, he refused. For the two weeks before the Israeli attack, the Syrians were hiding by day, expecting an Israeli assault. Two Syrians were wounded by Israeli shelling during those two weeks. On the morning of October 21, a reconnaissance team under the command of Yoni Netanyahu climbed an adjacent spur to look at the Israeli Hermon, reported seeing only two Syrians on the ridge the entire day. Aerial photography failed to show any indication of Syrian forces in the outpost; that evening, 400 Golani troops gathered in a grove at the foot of the western slope. Drori told them that the Hermon was important, being "the eyes and ears of the country"; the battalion moved from where it began to ascend the mountain.

The reconnaissance company moved far to the left. In the middle, a motorized force led by tanks and a bulldozer prepared to move up the road to follow the two flanks; these were accompanied by artillery, firing 200 yards ahead, but it was ordered to stop when it began to hit too close to the troops. After nine hours of climbing they were two thirds of the way up. Five of the six tank commanders in the motorized force were hit by Syrian commandos lying at the side of the road; the reconnaissance company was hit and its commander was killed. The exchange of fire took place at range of a few yards. In addition to snipers, the Syrians used Israeli machine guns taken from the outpost after the first battle. Several times, the Israelis mistook Syrian fire for friendly one. Peled tried to outflank the Syrians. One of his company commanders turned northwest instead of northeast, he reported no enemy in sight. Peled moved forward to get a better view. Drori ordered him back. Drori was hit, wanted to pass command to Peled.

Peled's artillery officer and radioman were both killed. He took the radio before being hit as well. At dawn artillery was called in, the Syrian fire began to fade. Several Syrian snipers surrendered. At 11:00 AM, a Golani officer announced. Nadel's force was airlifted to the crest by helicopters. Two battalions, totalling 606 soldiers, arrived in twenty-seven sorties; the helicopters moved through the wadis around the Syrian anti-aircraft positions, artillery preceded the helicopters. Syrian artillery from the nearby village Irneh shelled the landing zone and wounded one Israeli. Twenty-one soldiers were landed at the summit of Mount Hermon. By 17:25, all the Israeli paratroopers had arrived. Seven men were placed on the peak to observe; the Syrians called for seven MiGs. Two Syrian helicopters carrying reinforcements were shot down. A Syrian ground advance from Irneh was halted by IAF planes; the Israeli paratroopers proceeded to attack the Twists Position, defended by 25–30 Syrians. One Israeli platoon commander and seven Syrians were killed, the rest retreated.

The Twists Position overlooked both the Syrian Hermon Position and the road to Irneh, so roadblocks and ambushes were set up around it. Israeli forces continued south. Thanks