Louise Jameson is an English actress, with a wide variety of British TV and theatre credits. She is best known for her appearances in British TV series EastEnders, Doctor Who and Tenko. Jameson was born in London, she attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and spent two years with the Royal Shakespeare Company, performing in Romeo and Juliet, The Taming of the Shrew, King Lear and Blithe Spirit. In 1995, she appeared in the RSC production of Botho Strauß's The Park. Other stage appearances include the first production of Peter Nichols's Passion Play produced at the Aldwych Theatre, London, in 1981, she appeared opposite Mike Raven in the low budget British horror film Disciple of Death. Her early TV career highlights included appearances on Emmerdale in 1973, as Leela, the leather-clad barbarian warrior companion of the fourth Doctor in Doctor Who, in The Omega Factor as Dr. Anne Reynolds, she had a leading role as Blanche Simmons in the first two series of Tenko, her favourite job, before starring for five years in the late 1980s in Bergerac as Susan Young, Jim Bergerac's girlfriend.
In the mid-1980s, she played Tania Braithwaite, Pandora's mother, in both'The Secret Diary of Adrian Mole Aged 13 3/4' and'The Growing Pains of Adrian Mole' for Thames Television. In the early 1990s she starred in the two series of Rides, made numerous one-off appearances in various TV drama series, as well as numerous Doctor Who spin-off projects including the 1993 Children in Need special Dimensions in Time. In 1998, Jameson began a long run in the BBC soap EastEnders as Rosa di Marco, appearing in over 200 episodes over two and a half years until August 2000, she has appeared in episodes of the BBC Scotland soap River City as Viv Roberts, as a guest artist in episodes of Doctors, Holby City and The Bill, as a regular in Doc Martin. Jameson continues to reprise the characters of Leela and Anne Reynolds in audio plays produced by Big Finish Productions and has starred in Sapphire & Steel and Dark Shadows audio dramas for the same company, she has appeared in documentaries and commentaries accompanying numerous BBC DVD releases of her Doctor Who serials.
She is the subject of MJTV's The Actor Speaks Volume 5, where she discusses herself, her acting career and the various series she has been in. In 2007, Jameson toured nationally in her one-woman show, Face Value, inspired by her near decision to have a face-lift. In 2013, Louise starred in the play Gutted by Rikki Beadle-Blair and has been nominated for Best Female Performance at the 2013 Off West End Theatre Awards. In November 2013 she appeared in the one-off 50th anniversary comedy homage The Five Doctors Reboot. In 2016, she toured in the longest running show in British theatre. Jameson attended Buckhurst Hill, she was married to Martin Bedford. She is good friends with her Big Finish Productions co-star Lalla Ward. For many years she has lived in Kent. Jameson was a regular prison visitor, monitoring prisoners' welfare, during the first few years of her career, she encouraged Grantham to become an actor. Jameson works as a teacher of drama, directing youth productions of Shakespeare for local festivals.
Official Site: Louise Jameson TLC Productions: Louise Jameson's Production Company Louise Jameson on IMDb Interview with Louise Jameson
Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, known for its Roman-built baths. In 2011, the population was 88,859. Bath is in the valley of the River Avon, 97 miles west of London and 11 miles south-east of Bristol; the city became a World Heritage site in 1987. The city became a spa with the Latin name Aquae Sulis c. 60 AD when the Romans built baths and a temple in the valley of the River Avon, although hot springs were known before then. Bath Abbey became a religious centre. In the 17th century, claims were made for the curative properties of water from the springs, Bath became popular as a spa town in the Georgian era. Georgian architecture, crafted from Bath stone, includes the Royal Crescent, Pump Room and Assembly Rooms where Beau Nash presided over the city's social life from 1705 until his death in 1761. Many of the streets and squares were laid out by John Wood, the Elder, in the 18th century the city became fashionable and the population grew. Jane Austen lived in Bath in the early 19th century.
Further building was undertaken in the 19th century and following the Bath Blitz in World War II. The city has software and service-oriented industries. Theatres and other cultural and sporting venues have helped make it a major centre for tourism, with more than one million staying visitors and 3.8 million day visitors to the city each year. There are several museums including the Museum of Bath Architecture, the Victoria Art Gallery, the Museum of East Asian Art, the Herschel Museum of Astronomy and the Holburne Museum; the city has two universities – the University of Bath and Bath Spa University – with Bath College providing further education. Sporting clubs include Bath Rugby and Bath City F. C.. Bath became part of the county of Avon in 1974, following Avon's abolition in 1996, has been the principal centre of Bath and North East Somerset; the hills in the locality such as Bathampton Down saw human activity from the Mesolithic period. Several Bronze Age round barrows were opened by John Skinner in the 18th century.
Solsbury Hill overlooking the current city was an Iron Age hill fort, the adjacent Bathampton Camp may have been one. A long barrow site believed to be from the Beaker people was flattened to make way for RAF Charmy Down. Archaeological evidence shows that the site of the Roman baths' main spring may have been treated as a shrine by the Britons, was dedicated to the goddess Sulis, whom the Romans identified with Minerva. Messages to her scratched onto metal, known as curse tablets, have been recovered from the sacred spring by archaeologists; the tablets were written in Latin, cursed people whom the writers felt had wronged them. For example, if a citizen had his clothes stolen at the baths, he might write a curse, naming the suspects, on a tablet to be read by the goddess. A temple was constructed in AD 60–70, a bathing complex was built up over the next 300 years. Engineers drove oak piles into the mud to provide a stable foundation, surrounded the spring with an irregular stone chamber lined with lead.
In the 2nd century, the spring was enclosed within a wooden barrel-vaulted structure that housed the caldarium and frigidarium. The town was given defensive walls in the 3rd century. After the failure of Roman authority in the first decade of the 5th century, the baths fell into disrepair and were lost as a result of rising water levels and silting. In March 2012 a hoard of 30,000 silver Roman coins, one of the largest discovered in Britain, was unearthed in an archaeological dig; the coins, believed to date from the 3rd century, were found about 150 m from the Roman baths. Bath may have been the site of the Battle of Badon, in which King Arthur is said to have defeated the Anglo-Saxons; the town was captured by the West Saxons in 577 after the Battle of Deorham. A monastery was founded at an early date – reputedly by Saint David although more in 675 by Osric, King of the Hwicce using the walled area as its precinct. Nennius, a 9th-century historian, mentions a "Hot Lake" in the land of the Hwicce along the River Severn, adds "It is surrounded by a wall, made of brick and stone, men may go there to bathe at any time, every man can have the kind of bath he likes.
If he wants, it will be a cold bath. Bede described hot baths in the geographical introduction to the Ecclesiastical History in terms similar to those of Nennius. King Offa of Mercia gained control of the monastery in 781 and rebuilt the church, dedicated to St. Peter. According to the Victorian churchman Edward Churton, during the Anglo-Saxon era Bath was known as Acemannesceastre, or'aching men's city', on account of the reputation these springs had for healing the sick. By the 9th century the old Roman street pattern was lost and Bath was a royal possession. King Alfred laid out the town afresh. In the Burghal Hidage, Bath is recorded as a burh and is described as having walls of 1,375 yards and was allocated 1000 men for defence. During the reign of Edward the Elder coins were minted in Bath based on a design from the Winchester mint but with'BAD' on the obverse relating to the Anglo-Saxon name for the town, Baðum, Baðan or Baðon, meaning "at the baths", this was the
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s. The term denotes the modern popular music of Jamaica and its diaspora. A 1968 single by Toots and the Maytals, "Do the Reggay" was the first popular song to use the word "reggae," naming the genre and introducing it to a global audience. While sometimes used in a broad sense to refer to most types of popular Jamaican dance music, the term reggae more properly denotes a particular music style, influenced by traditional mento as well as American jazz and rhythm and blues the New Orleans R&B practiced by Fats Domino and Allen Toussaint, evolved out of the earlier genres ska and rocksteady. Reggae relates news, social gossip, political comment. Reggae spread into a commercialized jazz field, being known first as ‘Rudie Blues’ ‘Ska’ ‘Blue Beat’, ‘Rock Steady’, it is recognizable from the counterpoint between the bass and drum downbeat, the offbeat rhythm section. The immediate origins of reggae were in rocksteady. Reggae is linked to the Rastafari, an Afrocentric religion which developed in Jamaica in the 1930's, aiming at promoting Pan Africanism.
Soon after the Rastafarian movement appeared, the international popularity of reggae music became associated with and increased the visibility of Rastafarianism spreading the Rastafari gospel throughout the world. Reggae music is an important means of transporting vital messages of Rastafarianism; the musician becomes the messenger, as Rastafarians see it,"the soldier and the musician are tools for change."Stylistically, reggae incorporates some of the musical elements of rhythm and blues, mento and draws influence from traditional African folk rhythms. One of the most recognizable elements is offbeat rhythms; the tempo of reggae is slower paced than ska but faster than rocksteady. The concept of call and response can be found throughout reggae music; the genre of reggae music is led by the bass. Some key players in this sound are Jackie Jackson from Toots and the Maytals, Carlton Barrett from Bob Marley and the Wailers, Lloyd Brevett from The Skatalites, Paul Douglas from Toots and the Maytals, Lloyd Knibb from The Skatalites, Winston Grennan, Sly Dunbar, Anthony "Benbow" Creary from The Upsetters.
The bass guitar plays the dominant role in reggae. The bass sound in reggae is thick and heavy, equalized so the upper frequencies are removed and the lower frequencies emphasized; the guitar in reggae plays on the off beat of the rhythm. It is common for reggae to be sung in Jamaican Patois, Jamaican English, Iyaric dialects. Reggae is noted for its tradition of social criticism and religion in its lyrics, although many reggae songs discuss lighter, more personal subjects, such as love and socializing. Reggae has spread to many countries across the world incorporating local instruments and fusing with other genres. Reggae en Español spread from the Spanish speaking Central American country of Panama to the mainland South American countries of Venezuela and Guyana to the rest of South America. Caribbean music in the United Kingdom, including reggae, has been popular since the late 1960s, has evolved into several subgenres and fusions. Many reggae artists began their careers in the UK, there have been a number of European artists and bands drawing their inspiration directly from Jamaica and the Caribbean community in Europe.
Reggae in Africa was boosted by the visit of Bob Marley to Zimbabwe in 1980. In Jamaica, authentic reggae is one of the biggest sources of income; the 1967 edition of the Dictionary of Jamaican English lists reggae as "a estab. Sp. for rege", as in rege-rege, a word that can mean either "rags, ragged clothing" or "a quarrel, a row". Reggae as a musical term first appeared in print with the 1968 rocksteady hit "Do the Reggay" by The Maytals which named the genre of Reggae for the world. Reggae historian Steve Barrow credits Clancy Eccles with altering the Jamaican patois word streggae into reggae. However, Toots Hibbert said: There's a word we used to use in Jamaica called'streggae'. If a girl is walking and the guys look at her and say'Man, she's streggae' it means she don't dress well, she look raggedy; the girls would say that about the men too. This one morning me and my two friends were playing and I said,'OK man, let's do the reggay.' It was just something. So we just start. People tell me that we had given the sound its name.
Before that people had called it blue-beat and all kind of other things. Now it's in the Guinness World of Records. Bob Marley is said to have claimed that the word reggae came from a Spanish term for "the king's music"; the liner notes of To the King, a compilation of Christian gospel reggae, suggest that the word reggae was derived from the Latin regi meaning "to the king". Although influenced by traditional mento and calypso music, as well as American jazz and rhythm and blues, reggae owes its direct origins to the ska and rocksteady of 1960s Jamaica; the generic title for Jamaican music recorded between 1961 and 1967, ska emerged from Jamaican R&B, based on American R&B and doo-wop. Rastafari entered some countries through reggae music; the Rastafari moveme
John Vivian Drummond Nettles, OBE is a Cornish actor and writer. Nettles is best known for playing the lead roles in the long-running television series Bergerac and Midsomer Murders. Nettles was born in St Austell, Cornwall, in 1943, his birth mother was an Irish nurse. He was adopted at birth by his wife Elsie; as a youth he attended St Austell Grammar School. In 1962, he studied philosophy at the University of Southampton. There he first performed as an actor, after graduation he joined the Royal Court Theatre. Nettles played Laertes to Tom Courtenay's Hamlet in 1969 at the University Theatre for 69 Theatre Company in Manchester. From 1969 to 1970, he was in repertory at the Northcott Theatre in Exeter, in the latter year had his first screen role in the film One More Time; the following year he played Dr. Ian Mackenzie in the period drama A Family at War, a role he continued until 1972. Following that he had small parts in many TV programmes including The Liver Birds, Dickens of London, Robin of Sherwood and an episode of Enemy at the Door called "Officers of the Law", first broadcast in March 1978.
The latter was set in Guernsey during the Second World War German occupation and Nettles played a police detective ordered to work for the Germans and anguished over the conflict between his duty and collaborating with the enemy. He played fraudster Giles Sutton in ITV's Heartbeat. In 1981, Nettles won the role that made him a household name in the UK, that of Jim Bergerac in the Jersey-set crime drama Bergerac; this ran for 87 episodes until 1991. Following the end of Bergerac Nettles did five seasons with the Royal Shakespeare Company, appearing in The Winter's Tale, The Merry Wives of Windsor, Julius Caesar, Richard III and The Devil is an Ass. In 1992, he appeared in an episode of Boon, in 1993 appeared as Jim Bergerac in the spoof police comedy The Detectives. In 1995, Nettles was approached by Brian True-May to play Tom Barnaby in a new murder mystery series he was to produce called Midsomer Murders; this was to be the second major role of his career. Midsomer Murders made him a household name across the world.
In 2003, he played Barnaby in the Boxing Day episode of Saunders. Nettles appeared in a 2001 episode of Heartbeat. In 2007, he appeared in the BBC Radio 4 comedy series Will Smith Presents the Tao of Bergerac alongside comedian Will Smith about an obsessive fan of the series. In February 2009, it was announced that Nettles had decided to leave Midsomer Murders after two further series were made, his final appearance on-screen was on 2 February 2011. About his departure, he commented, "It’s always wise to leave people wanting more, rather than be booed off the stage because you bored them."In 2016 and 2017, Nettles had a recurring role as Ray Penvenen in the second and third seasons of the popular historical drama Poldark. Nettles narrated the BBC documentary series Airport from 1996 to 2005. In early 2010, Nettles wrote and produced a three-part documentary, Channel Islands at War, to mark the 70th anniversary of the German invasion and subsequent occupation of the Channel Islands, he received threatening letters from some residents of Jersey, accusing him of implying that islanders were collaborators.
He defended the documentary saying: "There is no possible way you could have avoided collaboration with the occupying power who had power over the civilian population. If you had not toed the line you would have been shot." This view was supported by local members of the Channel Islands Occupation Society. During the filming of Bergerac, filmed on the island of Jersey, he wrote Bergerac's Jersey, a travel guide to filming locations in the series, he followed up with John Nettles' Jersey: A Personal View of the People and Places about the island's landscape and history. In 1991 he wrote the semi-autobiographical Nudity in a Public Place: Confessions of a Mini Celebrity about becoming a "reluctant heartthrob" to female viewers of Bergerac; this was re-released as a Kindle version on Amazon in 2014 following the reruns of Bergerac on BBC2 as part of their afternoon nostalgia collection. In 2012 Nettles wrote Jackboots about the German occupation of the Channel Islands, it sold out in a matter of weeks, was republished in 2013 as a paperback and on Kindle.
In 1966, Nettles married Joyce. Their daughter, Emma Martins, was born in 1970 and moved to Jersey together with her father. After they divorced in 1979, Joyce Nettles became a casting director on 23 episodes of Midsomer Murders, he married Cathryn Sealey, in July 1995 in Evesham, Worcestershire. Nettles was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 2010 Birthday Honours. On 21 September 2012 he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Plymouth, he agreed to be patron of Devon charity The Mare and Foal Sanctuary in July 2014. John Nettles on IMDb
Divorce known as dissolution of marriage, is the process of terminating a marriage or marital union. Divorce entails the canceling or reorganizing of the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage, thus dissolving the bonds of matrimony between a married couple under the rule of law of the particular country or state. Divorce laws vary around the world, but in most countries divorce requires the sanction of a court or other authority in a legal process, which may involve issues of distribution of property, child custody, child visitation / access, parenting time, child support, division of debt. In most countries, monogamy is required by law, so divorce allows each former partner to marry another person. Divorce is different from annulment, which declares the marriage null and void, with legal separation or de jure separation or with de facto separation. Reasons for divorce vary, from sexual incompatibility or lack of independence for one or both spouses to a personality clash; the only countries that do not allow divorce are the Philippines, the Vatican City and the British Crown Dependency of Sark.
In the Philippines, divorce for non-Muslim Filipinos is not legal unless the husband or wife is an alien and satisfies certain conditions. The Vatican City is an ecclesiastical state. Countries that have recently legalized divorce are Italy, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Ireland and Malta. Grounds for divorce vary from country to country. Marriage may be seen as a status, or a combination of these. Where it is seen as a contract, the refusal or inability of one spouse to perform the obligations stipulated in the contract may constitute a ground for divorce for the other spouse. In contrast, in some countries, divorce is purely no fault. Many jurisdictions offer both the option of a no fault divorce as well as an at fault divorce; this is the case, for example, in many US states. Though divorce laws vary between jurisdictions, there are two basic approaches to divorce: fault based and no-fault based; however in some jurisdictions that do not require a party to claim fault of their partner, a court may still take into account the behavior of the parties when dividing property, evaluating custody, shared care arrangements and support.
In some jurisdictions one spouse may be forced to pay the attorney's fees of another spouse. Laws vary as to the waiting period. Residency requirements vary. However, issues of division of property are determined by the law of the jurisdiction in which the property is located. In Europe, divorce laws differ from country to country, reflecting differing legal and cultural traditions. In some countries in some former communist countries, divorce can be obtained only on one single general ground of "irretrievable breakdown of the marriage". Yet, what constitutes such a "breakdown" of the marriage is interpreted differently from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, ranging from liberal interpretations to quite restrictive ones. Separation constitutes a ground of divorce in some European countries. Note that "separation" does not mean separate residences – in some jurisdictions, living in the same household but leading a separate life is sufficient to constitute de facto separation. Divorce laws are not static.
In the 21st century, many European countries have made changes to their divorce laws, in particular by reducing the length of the necessary periods of separation, e.g. Scotland in 2006; some countries have overhauled their divorce laws, such as Spain in 2005, Portugal in 2008. A new divorce law came into force in September 2007 in Belgium, creating a new system, no-fault. Bulgaria modified its divorce regulations in 2009. In Italy, new laws came into force in 2014 and 2015 with significant changes in Italian law in matter of divorce: apart from shortening of the period of obligatory separation, are allowed other forms of getting a divorce – as an alternative to court proceedings, i.e. the negotiations with the participation of an advocate or agreement made before the registrar of Public Registry Office. Austria, instead, is a European country; the liberalization of divorce laws is not without opposition in the United States. Indeed, in the US, certain conservative and religious organizations are lobbying for laws which restrict divorce.
In 2011, in the US, the Coalition for Divorce Refor
Terence Joseph Alexander was an English film and television actor, best known for his role as Charlie Hungerford in the British TV drama Bergerac, which ran for nine series on BBC One between 1981 and 1991. Alexander was born in London, the son of a doctor, grew up in Yorkshire, he was educated at Ratcliffe College and Norwood College and started acting in the theatre at the age of 16. During the Second World War he served in the British Army as a lieutenant with the 27th Lancers, was wounded when his armoured car was hit by artillery fire in Italy. In 1956, Alexander appeared on stage in Ring For Catty at the Lyric Theatre in London, he is best remembered as Charlie Hungerford from the detective series Bergerac, though he was very prominent in the 1967 BBC adaptation of The Forsyte Saga. One of his early roles was in the children's series Garry Halliday, he appeared in one episode of Please Sir in 1970 as the headteacher of a rival school. In 1970, Alexander played Lord Uxbridge in Sergei Bondarchuk's war epic Waterloo.
Alexander appeared in many other film and television roles including three appearances in different roles in The Champions, The Avengers, The Persuaders!, Terry and June, Behind the Screen, the 1985 Doctor Who serial The Mark of the Rani, The New Statesman. On radio he starred as The Toff in the BBC radio adaptation of the John Creasey novels, he appeared in all but one episode of Bergerac from 1981 to 1991. He played Commander Duffield in the 1985 pilot episode of Dempsey and Makepeace and Extremely Dangerous. Alexander appeared on the West End in comedies and farces, his credits included Move Over Mrs Markham and Two Make Sex, There Goes The Bride and Fringe Benefits. By the time of Bergerac Alexander was blind in one eye due to a condition of the retina, he retired from acting in 1999. He lived in London with the actress Jane Downs, he died on 28 May 2009 aged 86. Terence Alexander on IMDb Obituary in The Daily Telegraph Obituary in The Guardian Obituary in The Independent Obituary in The Times - subscribers only Obituary in The Scotsman Juno Alexander obituary in The Daily Telegraph 1 August 2014