Eberstadt is the southern-most borough of Darmstadt in Hessen, Germany with a population of 21,687. In the north Eberstadt borders to the boroughs of Bessungen and Darmstadt-West, in the east and south to the municipalities Mühltal, Seeheim-Jugenheim and in the west to the town of Pfungstadt. Eberstadt is a part of the Bergstraße. Between Eberstadt and Zwingenberg it splits into "New" Bergstraße. There are 5 statistical districts subdividing Eberstadt: Eberstadt spreads along Heidelberger Landstraße; this corresponds to the course of the tramline to Darmstadt. At its historical village centre is the old intersection between the north-southern-tended Heidelberger Landstraße, the eastbound Mühltalstraße and the westbound Pfungstädter Straße. In former times this point marked the cross-point of Bundesstraße 3 and Bundestraße 426, but both interregional important roads were moved outside the town as bypass. Eberstadt spreads out northwards from the centre in direction to Darmstadt. In all other directions around the centre it spread evenly, so that today it has a form of a bottle lined up to the north.
This development is comparable to other towns in the circle around Darmstadt like Griesheim or Weiterstadt. The Villenkolonie, marking the bond between Alt-Eberstadt and Darmstadt, is the northern "bottle-neck" of Eberstadt, it follows in the direction from Darmstadt to Eberstadt the housing areas of the U. S. Army Garrison Darmstadt around Cambrai-Fritsch Kaserne; this upscale residential area is located eastwards from Heidelberger Landstraße at the northern Odenwald-slopes. According to inscriptions at some villas, they were built around the turn of the 20th century; the northern parts are built in a former forest, so there are many trees between the houses, which gives the area the typical quiet, shady environment. Alt-Eberstadt is the oldest part of Eberstadt. Contrary to Villenkolonie the houses here are predominantly build wall-on-wall; some houses in Oberstraße and Heidelberger Landstraße are older than 300 years. Many of these old buildings provide an insight into an agricultural past of the village.
Along the Heidelberger Landstraße are three notable points in Alt-Eberstadt, all of them are tramstations. The northernmost first is the town-centre, at Wartehalle, the central bus- & tramstation. From this point southwards is the shoppingstreet of Eberstadt, which runs up to the second notable point, the Modaubrücke, where the Heidelberger Landstraße crosses the creek Modau, the intersection of north-south and east-west roads is located; the Protestant church, first mentioned in 1379, marks the third point. It is built upon a hill, where it can be seen from all directions, making it a landmarks of Eberstadt. Eberstadt was in the time of Charlemagne a small town south of the River Vltava, at the intersection of two trade routes; the first documentary mention of Eberstadt is in a document about Walther and Gemahlin Williswind at the Lorsch Abbey, dated 1 September 782. In the 13th century, Lords of Frankenstein came to Eberstadt, it remained for over 400 years the possession Lords of Frankenstein.
The Frankenstein Castle is first mentioned in 1252. In 1292 the Frankensteins opened the castle to the counts of Katzenelnbogen Katzenelnbogen and leagued with them; the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt acquired the residence in 1661. The Frankenstein owner sold their property and moved to Middle Franconia; the Thirty Year War was hard on Eberstadt. In January 1635, the city was burned down by French troops completely. Only a few houses remained standing; the surviving inhabitants fled behind the walls of the Darmstadt, where many of them died of the plague. By the end of the war in 1648 few remained in Eberstadt. In the 18th century much improvement came to Eberstadt; the tourists came to Eberstadt along with new commerce. The main road saw many new inns. In the 19th century there was new industrialization, along with the new Main-Neckar-Bahn; the population rose sharply. Built in 1847, the Eberstadt City Hall still stands. In 1936 as a cross-country train running to Seeheim and Jugenheim was installed.
On 1 April 1937 the independent Eberstadt municipality became part of Darmstadt. The Eberstädter coat of arms goes back to the seal of Lords of Frankenstein Court; the oldest evidence of this seal shows a boar with three acorns. The present coat of arms in use today was established in 1972, it shows acorns at the bottom. The upper half of the shield is yellow, the lower black, the boar dark red, his tusks are white. With the colors red and gold are from the Lords of Frankenstein; the oldest seal impressions is from 1617. The name Eberstadt, can be attributed to a name of that the Frankish nobleman, who in the 7th or early 8th Century founded the settlement. Eberstadt is situated at the Bundesautobahn 5 at the next exit just southwards the Autobahn-interchange Darmstädter Kreuz. Bundesstraße 3 tangents Eberstadt northbound to Darmstadt city; the southbound part of B3 is the new Bergstraße. Besides B3 tangents the east-western-directed Bundestraße 426 Eberstadt; this is one of the major connections from the Bundesautobahn 5 to the Odenwald.
In eastern direction it connects Eberstadt to Mühltal, Ober-Ramstadt and the Odenwald, in western direction to Pfungstadt and Gernsheim. The train station with Regionalbahn-connections to Frankfurt and Darmstadt is outside the town-centre. At Wartehalle, the central bus & tram-station, are given tram-connections to Darmstadt-city and the northern parts of the Bergstraße, e.g. Seeheim-Jugenhe
Heidelberg is a university town in Baden-Württemberg situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany. In the 2016 census, its population was 159,914, with a quarter of its population being students. Located about 78 km south of Frankfurt, Heidelberg is the fifth-largest city in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Heidelberg is part of the densely populated Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region. Founded in 1386, Heidelberg University is Germany's oldest and one of Europe's most reputable universities. A scientific hub in Germany, the city of Heidelberg is home to several internationally renowned research facilities adjacent to its university, including four Max Planck Institutes. A former residence of the Electorate of the Palatinate, Heidelberg is a popular tourist destination due to its romantic cityscape, including Heidelberg Castle, the Philosophers' Walk, the baroque style Old Town. Heidelberg is in the Rhine Rift Valley, on the left bank of the lower part of the Neckar in a steep valley in the Odenwald.
It is bordered by the Gaisberg mountains. The Neckar here flows in an east-west direction. On the right bank of the river, the Heiligenberg mountain rises to a height of 445 meters; the Neckar flows into the Rhine 22 kilometres north-west in Mannheim. Villages incorporated during the 20th century stretch from the Neckar Valley along the Bergstraße, a road running along the Odenwald hills. Heidelberg is on European walking route E1. Since Heidelberg is among the warmest regions of Germany, plants atypical of the central-European climate flourish there, including almond and fig trees. Alongside the Philosophenweg on the opposite side of the Old Town, winegrowing was restarted in 2000. There is a wild population of African rose-ringed parakeets, a wild population of Siberian swan geese, which can be seen on the islands in the Neckar near the district of Bergheim. Heidelberg is a unitary authority within the Regierungsbezirk Karlsruhe; the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis rural district surrounds it and has its seat in the town, although the town is not a part of the district.
Heidelberg is a part of the Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region referred to as the Rhein-Neckar Triangle. This region consists of the southern part of the State of Hessen, the southern part of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate, the administrative districts of Mannheim and Heidelberg, the southern municipalities of the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis; the Rhein-Neckar Triangle became a European metropolitan area in 2005. Heidelberg consists of 15 districts distributed in six sectors of the town. In the central area are Altstadt and Weststadt; the new district will have 5,000–6,000 residents and employment for 7,000. Further new residential space for 10,000-15,000 residents was made available in Patrick Henry Village following the departure of the US Armed Forces; the following towns and communes border the city of Heidelberg, beginning in the west and in a clockwise direction: Edingen-Neckarhausen, Schriesheim, Schönau, Neckargemünd, Gaiberg, Sandhausen, Plankstadt and Mannheim. Heidelberg has an oceanic climate, defined by the protected valley between the Pfälzerwald and the Odenwald.
Year-round, the mild temperatures are determined by maritime air masses coming from the west. In contrast to the nearby Upper Rhine Plain, Heidelberg's position in the valley leads to more frequent easterly winds than average; the hillsides of the Odenwald favour precipitation. The warmest month is July, the coldest is January. Temperatures rise beyond 30 °C in midsummer. According to the German Meteorological Service, Heidelberg was the warmest place in Germany in 2009. Between 600,000 and 200,000 years ago, "Heidelberg Man" died at nearby Mauer, his jaw bone was discovered in 1907. Scientific dating determined his remains as the earliest evidence of human life in Europe. In the 5th century BC, a Celtic fortress of refuge and place of worship were built on the Heiligenberg, or "Mountain of Saints". Both places can still be identified. In 40 AD, a fort occupied by the 24th Roman cohort and the 2nd Cyrenaican cohort; the early Byzantine/late Roman Emperor Valentinian I, in 369 AD, built new and maintained older castra and a signal tower on the bank of the Neckar.
They built a wooden bridge based on stone pillars across it. The camp protected the first civilian settlements; the Romans remained until 260 AD. The local administrative center in Roman times was the nearby city of Lopodunum. Modern Heidelberg can trace its beginnings to the fifth century; the village Bergheim is first mentioned for that period in documents dated to 769 AD. Bergheim now lies in the middle of modern Heidelberg; the people converted to Christianity. In 863 AD, the monastery of St. Michael was founded on the Heiligenberg inside the double rampart of the Celtic fortress. Around 1130, the Neuburg Monastery was founded in the Neckar valley. At the same time, the bishopric of Worms extended its influence into the valley, founding Schönau Abbey in 1142. Modern He
Wiesloch, is a city in Germany, in northern Baden-Württemberg. It is situated 13 kilometres south of Heidelberg. After Weinheim and Leimen it is the fourth largest city of the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis and is in the north-central area near Heidelberg with its neighbouring town Walldorf with which it shares Wiesloch-Walldorf station. In the vicinity of Wiesloch are the cities and towns of Dielheim, Malsch, Mühlhausen and Sankt Leon-Rot. During the reformation of the area in the 1970s Wiesloch's inhabitants exceeded 20,000. Wiesloch became a "Große Kreisstadt" on January 1, 1973, when Altwiesloch, Baiertal and Schatthausen were joined with the town of Wiesloch to form the present municipality. Wiesloch is a twin town of: Sturgis, St. Joseph County, Michigan, USA Amarante, Portugal Fontenay-aux-Roses, France Ząbkowice Śląskie, Poland The settlement, now Wiesloch town centre originated during the expansion of silver mining in the vicinity in the 10th century; the fossil remains of the oldest hummingbird found to date, Eurotrochilus inexpectatus, were found in a clay pit at Frauenweiler.
This bird lived during the Early Oligocene, when the area had a humid, subtropical climate similar to the northern Caribbean today. In 1077, Emperor Henry IV locked more than 100 of his enemies in the early church at Wizinloch on the site of the present Reformed church and burnt the building down. There were three battles near Wiesloch, the Battle of Mingolsheim on April 27, 1622, the 1632 Battle of Wiesloch on August 16, 1632, the 1799 Battle of Wiesloch on December 3, 1799. Wiesloch was attacked on January 28, 1689 by French troops under Ezéchiel du Mas, Comte de Mélac, during the Nine Years' War, was completely burnt down and destroyed; the city pharmacy in Wiesloch was the first "filling station" in the world, because Bertha Benz stopped there on August 5, 1888, on the first long distance car trip, to refill the tank of her automobile, which her husband Karl Benz had invented. She was supplied with ligroin by the apothecary Willi Ockel. In 2008, the Bertha Benz Memorial Route was designated an industrial heritage route, following Bertha Benz's route on the world's first long-distance journey by automobile.
It is a 194 km signposted circuit from Mannheim via Heidelberg and Wiesloch to Pforzheim in the Black Forest, back. The Codex Manesse includes four sophisticated Middle High German lyrics in the tagelied genre ascribed to the Minnesinger von Wissenlo; the identity of the Minnesinger von Wissenlo is not known, but the poet is conjectured to be Heinrich Swendinger von Wissenloch, who lived in the second half of the 13th century. An illustration titled von Wissenlo in the Codex Manesse shows a lady, a child, a knight, includes an escutcheon which does not match that of the Von Wissenloch family. There are two statues of the Minnesinger von Wissenlo in Wiesloch town centre: one, by Hatto Zeidler from 1978, is in the square by the Reformed church and shows the poet playing the lyre. Wiesloch is situated on the southern foothills of the Odenwald in the Rhine Valley, in the Kraichgau. Five brooks flow through Wiesloch: the Leimbach, the Gauangelbach, the Waldangelbach, the Ochsenbach, the Maisbach.
MLP AG, a large German broker of personal finance services, is headquartered at Wiesloch. Wiesloch hosts the world's largest printing press manufacturing site, operated by Heidelberger Druckmaschinen. Other large companies in the close vicinity are HeidelbergCement, the central cool store warehouses for the REWE Group supermarket chain, the global headquarters of SAP SE. "MetropolPark Wiesloch-Walldorf" is the brand name for the commercial and industrial business park surrounding Wiesloch-Walldorf railway station. The open-air Leimbach Park and Wiesloch Feldbahn and Industrial Museum are in the region surrounding the joint railway station. Official website of the city of Wiesloch Wiesloch -- Industrial Center of the Heidelberg Area South
The Neckar is a 362-kilometre-long river in Germany flowing through the southwestern state of Baden-Württemberg, with a short section through Hesse. The Neckar is a major right tributary of the Rhine. Rising in the Black Forest near Villingen-Schwenningen in the Schwenninger Moos conservation area at a height of 706 m above sea level, it passes through Rottweil, Rottenburg am Neckar, Kilchberg, Tübingen, Wernau, Nürtingen, Esslingen, Ludwigsburg, Marbach and Heidelberg, before discharging into the Rhine at Mannheim, at 95 m above sea level. From Plochingen to Stuttgart the Neckar valley is densely populated and industrialised, with several well-known companies, e.g. Daimler AG and Mahle GmbH being located there. Between Stuttgart and Lauffen the Neckar cuts a scenic, in many places steep-sided, valley into fossiliferous Triassic limestones and Pleistocene travertine. Along the Neckar's valley in the Odenwald hills many castles can be found, including Hornberg Castle and Guttenberg Castle in Haßmersheim.
After passing Heidelberg, the Neckar discharges on average 145 m3/s of water into the Rhine, making the Neckar its 4th largest tributary, the 10th largest river in Germany. From about 1100 Black Forest timber was rafted downstream as far for use in shipyards; the name Neckar might be derived from Nicarus and Neccarus from Celtic Nikros, meaning wild water or wild fellow. The grammatical gender of the name in German is masculine. During the 19th century, traditional horse-drawn boats were replaced by steam-powered chain boats that used a 155 km long chain in the river to haul themselves upstream towing barges. After 1899 a railway made it possible to transport timber to the port of Heilbronn, limiting timber rafting to the lower part of the Neckar. Due to the construction of 11 locks, ships up to 1500 t could travel to Heilbronn in 1935. By 1968 the last of 27 locks, at Deizisau, was completed, making the Neckar navigable for cargo ships about 200 kilometres upstream from Mannheim to the river port of Plochingen, at the confluence with the Fils, where the Neckar bends, taking a northwesterly instead of a northeasterly course.
Other important ports include Heilbronn. The river's course provides a popular route for cyclists during the summer months, its steep valley sides are used for vineyards for the cultivation of Trollinger, Kerner, Müller-Thurgau amongst other locally grown grape varieties.. The name "Neckar" was given to the world's first motorboat made during the summer of 1886 by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach when their Standuhr petrol engine was tested on the river near Bad Cannstatt. From its source to its confluence with the Rhine: Villingen-Schwenningen Rottweil Oberndorf am Neckar Sulz am Neckar Horb am Neckar Rottenburg am Neckar Kilchberg Tübingen Nürtingen Wendlingen Wernau Plochingen Esslingen am Neckar Stuttgart Remseck Ludwigsburg Marbach am Neckar Benningen am Neckar Freiberg am Neckar Besigheim Lauffen am Neckar Heilbronn Neckarsulm Bad Wimpfen Mosbach Eberbach Neckarsteinach Heidelberg Mannheim Eschach Ammer * Lauter Fils Körsch Nesenbach Rems Murr Enz Zaber Sulm Kocher Jagst Elz Neckar Valley Bridge Weitingen, near the town Horb am Neckar.
Old Bridge, in Heidelberg The Neckar is mentioned prominently in Gustav Mahler's "Rheinlegendchen", composed in August 1893. "Rheinlegendchen" was first published in 1899 in a cycle of 12 songs under the title Humoresken.
Bensheim is a town in the Bergstraße district in southern Hesse, Germany. Bensheim lies on the Bergstraße and at the edge of the Odenwald mountains while at the same time having an open view over the Rhine plain. With about 40,000 inhabitants, it is the district's biggest town; the town lies at the eastern edge of the Rhine rift on the slopes of the western Odenwald on the Bergstraße. The nearest major cities are Darmstadt, Heidelberg and Mannheim; the district seat of Heppenheim lies 5 km to the south. The Lauter flows through Bensheim, coming from the Lauter valley from the east, which after it passes through Bensheim is known as the Winkelbach. In the south of town runs the Meerbach coming from the Odenwald. Channelled underground and only coming above ground at the western edge of town is the Neuer Graben, or “New Channel”, which branches off the Lauter. Bensheim borders in the north on the town of Zwingenberg and the communities of Alsbach-Hähnlein und Seeheim-Jugenheim, in the east on the community of Lautertal, in the south on the town of Heppenheim and in the west on the town of Lorsch and the community of Einhausen.
Bensheim is subdivided thus: The main town east of the railway line with many modern town expansion developments. Bensheim is well known, like other places along the Bergstraße as well, for its mild and sunny climate with 2,000 hours of sunshine yearly and Germany's earliest onset of spring. Under the Odenwald's protection, almonds and peaches thrive here, giving the Bergstraße the nickname “Germany’s Riviera”; the town of Bensheim fosters almond tree cultivation, to name one example, in people's front gardens. Each year in Bensheim, there is a Blütenkönigin, she is put forth every year by the Bensheim Automobile Club and for decades has been Bensheim's hallmark both within the country and abroad. Bensheim has grown out of a village. In the 14th century, Bensheim was granted town rights. On 26 March 1945, much of the Old Town was destroyed by incendiary bombs; the South Hesse area was settled quite early on. The many finds from archaeological digs stretch back to the time of the Linear Pottery and Corded Ware cultures, peoples who raised crops and livestock.
In 765, Basinsheim had its first documentary mention in the Lorsch Abbey’s Codex Laureshamensis. Its founding may go back to a knight named Basinus; the name changed from Basinsheim to Basinusheim and to Besensheim becoming Bensheim. Noteworthy is that town rights were granted early on by Emperor Otto I on 5 March 956, it can be inferred from the document text that Otto I, on the occasion of his stay in Frankfurt am Main, with his wife Adelheid’s intervention, awarded the Lorsch Abbey’s oldest market privilege. The concept, called publicae mercationes in the original, indicates the community, where public buying and selling was allowed, it still can not be assumed that this led to weekly market. Great parts of the town were destroyed in the siege of 1301 by King Albrecht I; when Friedrich II enfeoffed the territory of the now derelict Lorsch Imperial Abbey to Archbishop Siegfried III of Eppstein, Bensheim became part of the Electorate of Mainz's domains and received town rights only a few decades which is, only proved by a certificate issued in 1320.
In today’s outlying centres of Auerbach and Schönberg, Bensheim borders on what were the Upper County – “Upper” here refers to geography, not rank – of the Counts of Katzenelnbogen and domains of the Schenken of Erbach. When the Katzenelnbogens died out in 1479, the Landgraviate of Hesse became a neighbour to the north. In 1532, the Erbachs were raised to counts and the County of Erbach became a neighbour to the east. In the time of the pledging to the counts palatine of the Rhine from 1461 to 1650, Bensheim experienced a boom, but as a Palatinate town, however, it was embroiled in the Bavarian-Palatine war of succession in 1504, for eleven days was unsuccessfully besieged by the Landgrave of Hesse, charged with the execution of the ban of the Empire, his confederates, the Dukes Henry of Brunswick and Henry of Mecklenburg. From this year, two yearly markets and one weekly can be established. With the introduction of the Reformation in the Landgraviate of Hesse in 1526 and in the County of Erbach in 1544, Bensheim got not only a territorial border with these neighbours, but a denominational one.
To all positive developments the Thirty Years' War put an end. On 20 November 1644, Bensheim was occupied by French and Swedish troops, who were driven out again on 2 December by Bavarian units; the legend of the Fraa vun Bensem arose. In 1650, after just under 200 years of being pledged to the Electorate of the Palatinate, Bensheim was once again redeemed by the Archbisho
Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
Joseph II was Holy Roman Emperor from August 1765 and sole ruler of the Habsburg lands from November 1780 until his death. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Emperor Francis I, the brother of Marie Antoinette, he was thus the first ruler in the Austrian dominions of the House of Lorraine, styled Habsburg-Lorraine. Joseph was a proponent of enlightened absolutism, he has been ranked, with Catherine the Great of Russia and Frederick the Great of Prussia, as one of the three great Enlightenment monarchs. His policies are now known as Josephinism, he died with no sons and was succeeded by his younger brother, Leopold II. Joseph was born in the midst of the early upheavals of the War of the Austrian Succession, his formal education was provided through the writings of Voltaire and the Encyclopédistes, by the example of his contemporary King Frederick II of Prussia. His practical training was conferred by government officials, who were directed to instruct him in the mechanical details of the administration of the numerous states composing the Austrian dominions and the Holy Roman Empire.
Joseph married Princess Isabella of Parma in October 1760, a union fashioned to bolster the 1756 defensive pact between France and Austria. Joseph loved his bride, finding her both stimulating and charming, she sought with special care to cultivate his favor and affection. Isabella found a best friend and confidant in her husband's sister, Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen; the marriage of Joseph and Isabella resulted in the birth of Maria Theresa. Isabella was fearful of pregnancy and early death a result of the early loss of her mother, her own pregnancy proved difficult as she suffered symptoms of pain and melancholy both during and afterward, though Joseph attended to her and tried to comfort her. She remained bedridden for six weeks after their daughter's birth. On the back of their newfound parenthood, the couple endured two consecutive miscarriages—an ordeal hard on Isabella—followed by another pregnancy. Pregnancy was again provoking melancholy and dread in Isabella. In November 1763, while six months pregnant, Isabella fell ill with smallpox and went into premature labor, resulting in the birth of their second child, Archduchess Maria Christina, who died shortly after being born.
Progressively ill with smallpox and strained by sudden childbirth and tragedy, Isabella died the following week. The loss of his beloved wife and their newborn child was devastating for Joseph, after which he felt keenly reluctant to remarry, though he dearly loved his daughter and remained a devoted father to Maria Theresa. For political reasons, under constant pressure, in 1765, he relented and married his second cousin, Princess Maria Josepha of Bavaria, the daughter of Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor, Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria; this marriage proved unhappy, albeit brief, as it lasted only two years. Though Maria Josepha loved her husband, she felt inferior in his company. Lacking common interests or pleasures, the relationship offered little for Joseph, who confessed he felt no love for her in return, he adapted by distancing himself from his wife to the point of near total avoidance, seeing her only at meals and upon retiring to bed. Maria Josepha, in turn, suffered considerable misery in finding herself locked in a cold, loveless union.
Four months after the second anniversary of their wedding, Maria Josepha grew ill and died from smallpox. Joseph neither visited her during her illness nor attended her funeral, though he expressed regret for not having shown her more kindness, respect, or warmth. One thing the union did provide him was the improved possibility of laying claim to a portion of Bavaria, though this would lead to the War of the Bavarian Succession. Joseph never remarried. In 1770, Joseph's only surviving child, the seven-year-old Maria Theresa, became ill with pleurisy and died; the loss of his daughter was traumatic for him and left him grief-stricken and scarred. Lacking children, Joseph II was succeeded by his younger brother, who became Leopold II. Joseph was made a member of the constituted council of state and began to draw up minutes for his mother to read; these papers contain the germs of his policy, of all the disasters that overtook him. He was a friend to religious toleration, anxious to reduce the power of the church, to relieve the peasantry of feudal burdens, to remove restrictions on trade and knowledge.
In these, he did not differ from Frederick, or his own brother and successor Leopold II, all enlightened rulers of the 18th century. He tried to liberate serfs. Where Joseph differed from great contemporary rulers, where he was akin to the Jacobins, was in the intensity of his belief in the power of the state when directed by reason; as an absolutist ruler, however, he was convinced of his right to speak for the state uncontrolled by laws, of the sensibility of his own rule. He had inherited from his mother the belief of the house of Austria in its "august" quality and its claim to acquire whatever it found desirable for its power or profit, he was unable to understand that his philosophical plans for the molding of humani
Weinheim is a town in the north west of the state of Baden-Württemberg in Germany with 43,000 inhabitants 15 km north of Heidelberg and 10 km northeast of Mannheim. Together with these cities, it makes up the Rhine-Neckar triangle, it has the nickname "Zwei-Burgen-Stadt", or Two-Castle city, named after the two fortresses on the hill overlooking the town in the east on the edge of the Odenwald, the Windeck and the Wachenburg. The city of Weinheim with said Wachenburg castle, built by German Student Corps fraternities in the early 1900s, is the location of the annual convention of the Weinheimer Senioren-Convent. Weinheim is situated on the Bergstraße theme route on the western rim of the Odenwald; the old town lies with the new part of town further to the west. The Market Square is filled with numerous cafes, as well as the old Rathaus. Further to the south is the Schlossgarten and the Exotenwald, which contains species of trees imported from around the world, but from North America and Japan.
Weinheim celebrated its 1250th anniversary in 2005. The earliest record of Weinheim dates back to 755 AD, when the name "Winenheim" was recorded in the Lorsch codex, the record book of Lorsch Abbey. In 1000 AD, Emperor Otto III bestowed Weinheim the right to hold markets, in 1065 the right to mint and issue coins. A new town developed next to the old town from 1250. In 1308, the old town was transferred to the Electorate of the Palatinate. From 1368 onwards the whole town belonged to the Electorate of the Palatinate and the Heidelberg Oberamt district since the end of the 14th century. With the transfer to Baden in 1803, Weinheim became the seat of its own Amt, unified with Landkreis Mannheim in 1936. From 1938 onwards Weinheim belonged to Landkreis Mannheim until January 1, 1973, when the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis was formed. Windeck Castle built around 1100 to protect the Lorsch monastery, it was badly damaged in the Thirty Years' War and by Louis XIV of France. Wachenburg Castle, built between 1928 by student fraternities.
The Market Square The Schloss, home of the town council Gerberbach Quarter, old haunt of the leather makers Schlosspark Waidsee Lido, swimming beach on the Waidsee artificial lake Miramar thermal spa and sauna complex, next to the Waidsee lake Strandbad Waidsee Exotenwald Weinheim, a forest arboretum Schau- und Sichtungsgarten Hermannshof, a botanical garden Weinheim's synagogue, destroyed during the Kristallnacht. Weinheim's town museum occupies what used to be the headquarters of the Teutonic Order in the town and holds exhibits about Weinheim and its surroundings: archaeology from the prehistoric through to the Merovingian dynasty, the highlight of, the so-called "Nächstenbacher Bronze-find" of 76 objects from the late Bronze Age. February: High-jump Gala, with world class high-jumpers March: the Sommertagszug, a festival celebrating the coming of summer. May/June: day of the Weinheimer Senioren-Convents June–August: Weinheim's summer of culture June: Scheuerfest in Ritschweier July: the Weinheim road race May–September: Kerwes in Rippenweier, Sulzbach, Lützelsachsen, Oberflockenbach und Hohensachsen August: Weinheim's Kerwe September: Weinheimer UKW-Tagung, a three-day international amateur radio meeting held annually since 1956 October: Bergsträßer Winzerfest in Lützelsachsen Beltz Verlag Freudenberg Group Schlegel und Partner GmbH Kukident GmbH, Reckitt Benckiser AG Naturin OAGIS T-Systems ITS GmbH Wiley-VCH publishers 3 Glocken Weinheimer Nachrichten Druckhaus Diesbach SAP SE Domaniecki Carpetence DLCON Weinheim has two main train stations on the Main-Neckar Railway, these being Weinheim station and Lützelsachsen.
These provide connections to Frankfurt and other destinations within Germany. Deutsche Bahn Rhein-Neckar Verkehr Weinheim is served by the OEG tramway, used daily by people who use this to commute to the cities of Mannheim and Heidelberg; the closest airports to Weinheim are: Frankfurt Airport Baden Airpark Weinheim is twinned with: Ramat Gan, Israel These are the population figures for particular years. There are drawn from guesses,'Volkszählungsergebnisse and official statistics based on place of residence. ¹ These are taken from a Volkszählungsergebnes. The town of Weinheim has made the following people honorary citizens: 1894: Carl Johann Freudenberg, Geheimer Kommerzienrat 1904: Erhard Bissinger, Consul general 1913: Aute Bode, chief engineer and the architect behind the Wachenburg 1918: Hermann Ernst Freudenberg, Geheimer Kommerzienrat 1922: Georg Friedrich Vogler, vice-mayor 1923: Adam Karrillon and author 1928: Emil Hartmann, construction engineer 1928: Prof. Arthur Wienkoop, Architect 1933: Paul von Hindenburg, German President 1940: Georg Peter Nickel, agriculturist 1949: Richard Freudenberg, factory owner 1953: Hans Freudenberg, factory owner 1954: Sepp Herberger, sports trainer, trainer of the German World Cup winning side of 1954 1962: Wilhelm Brück, Lord Mayor 1986: Theo Gießelmann, Lord Mayor 2004: Dieter Freudenberg, factory owner 2004: Wolfgang Daffinger, representative in the Landtag 2005: Uwe Kleefoot, Lord Mayor Heinrich Hübsch, head of public works Karl Seidenadel, translator of Greek works Philipp Bickel, baptist theologian