Adoniram J. Warner
Adoniram Judson Warner was a U. S. Representative from Ohio and an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Born in Wales, New York, Warner moved with his parents to Wisconsin at the age of eleven, he attended school in Beloit and New York Central College, McGrawville, New York. He was principal of Lewistown Academy, superintendent of the public schools of Mifflin County and principal of Mercer Union School, Pennsylvania from 1856 to 1861, he was commissioned as captain in the Tenth Pennsylvania Reserves on July 21, 1861, promoted to lieutenant colonel on May 14, 1862 and became colonel on April 25, 1863. He was transferred into the Veteran Reserve Corps in November 1863. On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Warner for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866. Warner was admitted to the bar in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1865 but never practiced.
At the conclusion of the war, he returned to Pennsylvania, in 1866 moved to Marietta, Ohio. He engaged in the oil and railroad businesses. Warner was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-sixth Congress, he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1880 to the Forty-seventh Congress. Warner was elected to the Forty-ninth Congresses, he was not a candidate for reelection in 1886. He served as delegate to the 1896 Democratic National Convention, he engaged in street railway construction in the District of Columbia and in railroad construction in Ohio. From about 1898 until six months before his death, he engaged in transportation and power development in Georgia, he died in Marietta, Ohio August 12, 1910. He was interred in Oak Grove Cemetery. Eicher, John H. and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1. United States Congress. "Adoniram J. Warner". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-02-15 List of American Civil War brevet generals This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
Ohio's 16th congressional district
The 16th congressional district of Ohio is represented by Representative Anthony Gonzalez. It includes some rural communities east of Akron, as well as some of the western suburbs of Cleveland. From 2003 to 2013 the district was based in Stark County and the Canton area and included Wayne County and most of Medina and Ashland counties. On November 2, 2010, John Boccieri lost his bid for a second term to Republican Jim Renacci, seated in January 2011. In January 2018, Renacci announced his candidacy for the U. S. Senate. Anthony Gonzalez was elected on November 6th to succeed him; the following chart shows historic election results. Bold type indicates victor. Italic type indicates incumbent. Ohio's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Washington, D. C. formally the District of Columbia and referred to as Washington or D. C. is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, first President of the United States and Founding Father; as the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually; the signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River on the country's East Coast. The U. S. Constitution provided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of the U. S. Congress, the District is therefore not a part of any state; the states of Maryland and Virginia each donated land to form the federal district, which included the pre-existing settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria.
The City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital. In 1846, Congress returned the land ceded by Virginia. Washington had an estimated population of 702,455 as of July 2018, making it the 20th most populous city in the United States. Commuters from the surrounding Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city's daytime population to more than one million during the workweek. Washington's metropolitan area, the country's sixth largest, had a 2017 estimated population of 6.2 million residents. All three branches of the U. S. federal government are centered in the District: Congress and the U. S. Supreme Court. Washington is home to many national monuments, museums situated on or around the National Mall; the city hosts 177 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many international organizations, trade unions, non-profit, lobbying groups, professional associations, including the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of American States, AARP, the National Geographic Society, the Human Rights Campaign, the International Finance Corporation, the American Red Cross.
A locally elected mayor and a 13‑member council have governed the District since 1973. However, Congress may overturn local laws. D. C. residents elect a non-voting, at-large congressional delegate to the House of Representatives, but the District has no representation in the Senate. The District receives three electoral votes in presidential elections as permitted by the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1961. Various tribes of the Algonquian-speaking Piscataway people inhabited the lands around the Potomac River when Europeans first visited the area in the early 17th century. One group known as the Nacotchtank maintained settlements around the Anacostia River within the present-day District of Columbia. Conflicts with European colonists and neighboring tribes forced the relocation of the Piscataway people, some of whom established a new settlement in 1699 near Point of Rocks, Maryland. In his Federalist No. 43, published January 23, 1788, James Madison argued that the new federal government would need authority over a national capital to provide for its own maintenance and safety.
Five years earlier, a band of unpaid soldiers besieged Congress while its members were meeting in Philadelphia. Known as the Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, the event emphasized the need for the national government not to rely on any state for its own security. Article One, Section Eight, of the Constitution permits the establishment of a "District as may, by cession of particular states, the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States". However, the Constitution does not specify a location for the capital. In what is now known as the Compromise of 1790, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson came to an agreement that the federal government would pay each state's remaining Revolutionary War debts in exchange for establishing the new national capital in the southern United States. On July 9, 1790, Congress passed the Residence Act, which approved the creation of a national capital on the Potomac River; the exact location was to be selected by President George Washington, who signed the bill into law on July 16.
Formed from land donated by the states of Maryland and Virginia, the initial shape of the federal district was a square measuring 10 miles on each side, totaling 100 square miles. Two pre-existing settlements were included in the territory: the port of Georgetown, founded in 1751, the city of Alexandria, founded in 1749. During 1791–92, Andrew Ellicott and several assistants, including a free African American astronomer named Benjamin Banneker, surveyed the borders of the federal district and placed boundary stones at every mile point. Many of the stones are still standing. A new federal city was constructed on the north bank of the Potomac, to the east of Georgetown. On September 9, 1791, the three commissioners overseeing the capital's construction named the city in honor of President Washington; the federal district was named Columbia, a poetic name for the United States in use at that time. Congress held its first session in Washington on November 17, 1800. Congress passed the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801 that organized the District and placed the entire territory under the exclusive control of the federal
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Union County, Ohio
Union County is a county located in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,300, its county seat is Marysville. Its name is reflective of its origins, it being the union of portions of Franklin, Delaware and Logan counties. Union County is part of OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. Union County has been under the rule of three countries in its history: France and the present-day United States, it was discovered by the French explorer La Salle, along with traders and missionaries who accompanied him. After the French and Indian War, the Treaty of Paris of 1763 placed the area under British rule. Following the American Revolution, in 1783, the area would become known as the Northwest Territory and part of the United States. After the American Revolution, former soldiers from New England poured into Ohio after being granted land by the government, they surveyed the land, sought to develop a state between Lake Erie and the Ohio River. Their proposals for the governance of the territory led to the passage of the Ordinance of 1787, which guided the establishment of states within the Northwestern Territory.
Bitter struggles with American Indians over the next decades would follow, culminating with the battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, which saw the final defeat of the American Indian tribes in Ohio led by Tecumseh. A notable victim of the warring between the settlers and Indians was Jonathan Alder, who resided in and around the Union County area throughout his life; the first town laid out in the county was North Liberty, established by Lucas Sullivant in 1797, but the first settlement in the county was made in present-day Jerome township by Joshua and James Ewing in 1798. An important settlement made in the county would be by Abraham Amrine, of Swiss descent and a revolutionary soldier, in 1817, two miles northwest of Marysville; as part of negotiations with Virginia, who had claimed land in Ohio, to sign the Articles of Confederation, the United States granted them claims to land in Ohio which would be known as the Virginia Military District. Union County would be in this district. In 1803 Ohio would become a state.
After lobbying by Col. James Curry, who represented the area in legislature at the time and a resident of what would become Jerome township, Union County was established by the Ohio legislature, became official in 1820 with the appointment of the original commissioners: Stephen Bell, Reuben Wallace, John Huston; the county commissioners established the townships, including Union, Mill Creek, Paris, Leesburg, Jackson, Washington, Dover and Taylor, while they designated Marysville as the county seat. The town of Milford was established in 1816 by George Reed, Marysville in 1819 by Samuel Culbertson, Richwood in 1832 by Philip Plumber, Kingsville in 1834, Somerville in 1835, Watkins and Arbelia in 1838, Newton in 1838 by David Paul, York Center in 1841, Frankfort in 1846, Unionville in 1847, Pharisburg in 1847, New California in 1853, Dover in 1854, Union Center in 1863, Broadway in 1865, Pottersburg in 1869, Peoria in 1870, Magnetic Springs in 1879, Claibourne in 1881. After the organization of the county by the Ohio Legislature, Marysville was designated as the seat of Union County.
The first recorded meeting of the commissioners was in 1820. Between 1835 and 1840, a courthouse was constructed. A new courthouse would be built in Marysville, dedicated on January 27, 1883; this is the present courthouse today. In 1849, a county infirmary was authorized; the first county jail was a log structure that sat on the southside of East Center street, in the rear of the courthouse. A new jail was authorized by the commissioners and built in the 1870s. In 1878 the county purchased a 10-ton safe for the treasury, moved into courthouse; the first county fair was held in 1847 in the public square. In 1852, the Agriculture Society moved the fair on the northside of town; the Bible Society was organized in 1830. On December 4, 1875, a group met at the courthouse in Marysville to organize the Union County Pioneer society; the original members were: Eliphas Burnham, George Snodgrass, John F. Sabine, William Porter, Tobias Beightler, Abraham Amrine, Samuel Reed, Ray G. Morse, Josiah Westlake, Josiah Reed, William.
M. Robinson, Hiram Kent, Edward Powers, George Reed, Robert Graham, Samuel Gamble, A. A. Woodworth, George Mitchell, Taber Randall, Joseph Dodds, William Phillips, Thomas Snodgrass, Robert Snodgrass, A. P. Robinson, R. L. Partridge, Hylas Sabine. In 1866, the Union County Teachers' Institute was organized in Marysville, with Franklin Wood serving at the first President. In 1882, the Normal School was organized by J. S. Wharton, which specialized in instructing future teachers; the county lacked transportation infrastructure until 1812 when the first known highway named Post Road was constructed across the southern portion of the county. In 1844 the legislature by act created a free turnpike that ran from Columbus to Bellefontaine, passing through Marysville costing $230,000; this road became what is known as U. S. Route 33 today. In 1853, the Marysville and Essex Plank Road Company was organized and constructed a road from Marysville north, through Pharisburg; the company sold capital stock for $30,000, this road today is known as State Rt. 4.
By 1915 the county had built 705 miles of roadways, the most of any county in the state for its size. By the late 19th century and into the 20th century, the county began developing its electricity infrastructure. By 1915, electricity lines ran from Magnetic Springs to Richwood
The stock of a corporation is all of the shares into which ownership of the corporation is divided. In American English, the shares are known as "stocks." A single share of the stock represents fractional ownership of the corporation in proportion to the total number of shares. This entitles the stockholder to that fraction of the company's earnings, proceeds from liquidation of assets, or voting power dividing these up in proportion to the amount of money each stockholder has invested. Not all stock is equal, as certain classes of stock may be issued for example without voting rights, with enhanced voting rights, or with a certain priority to receive profits or liquidation proceeds before or after other classes of shareholders. Stock can be bought and sold or on stock exchanges, such transactions are heavily regulated by governments to prevent fraud, protect investors, benefit the larger economy; as new shares are issued by a company, the ownership and rights of existing shareholders are diluted in return for cash to sustain or grow the business.
Companies can buy back stock, which lets investors recoup the initial investment plus capital gains from subsequent rises in stock price. Stock options, issued by many companies as part of employee compensation, do not represent ownership, but represent the right to buy ownership at a future time at a specified price; this would represent a windfall to the employees if the option is exercised when the market price is higher than the promised price, since if they sold the stock they would keep the difference. A person who owns a specific percentage of the share has the ownership of the corporation proportional to his share; the shares together form stock. The stock of a corporation is partitioned into shares, the total of which are stated at the time of business formation. Additional shares may subsequently be authorized by the existing shareholders and issued by the company. In some jurisdictions, each share of stock has a certain declared par value, a nominal accounting value used to represent the equity on the balance sheet of the corporation.
In other jurisdictions, shares of stock may be issued without associated par value. Shares represent a fraction of ownership in a business. A business may declare different types of shares, each having distinctive ownership rules, privileges, or share values. Ownership of shares may be documented by issuance of a stock certificate. A stock certificate is a legal document that specifies the number of shares owned by the shareholder, other specifics of the shares, such as the par value, if any, or the class of the shares. In the United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, South Africa, Australia, stock can refer to different financial instruments such as government bonds or, less to all kinds of marketable securities. Stock takes the form of shares of either common stock or preferred stock; as a unit of ownership, common stock carries voting rights that can be exercised in corporate decisions. Preferred stock differs from common stock in that it does not carry voting rights but is entitled to receive a certain level of dividend payments before any dividends can be issued to other shareholders.
Convertible preferred stock is preferred stock that includes an option for the holder to convert the preferred shares into a fixed number of common shares any time after a predetermined date. Shares of such stock are called "convertible preferred shares". New equity issue may have specific legal clauses attached that differentiate them from previous issues of the issuer; some shares of common stock may be issued without the typical voting rights, for instance, or some shares may have special rights unique to them and issued only to certain parties. New issues that have not been registered with a securities governing body may be restricted from resale for certain periods of time. Preferred stock may be hybrid by having the qualities of bonds of fixed returns and common stock voting rights, they have preference in the payment of dividends over common stock and have been given preference at the time of liquidation over common stock. They have other features of accumulation in dividend. In addition, preferred stock comes with a letter designation at the end of the security.
B, whereas Class "A" shares of ORION DHC, Inc will sell under ticker OODHA until the company drops the "A" creating ticker OODH for its "Common" shares only designation. This extra letter does not mean that any exclusive rights exist for the shareholders but it does let investors know that the shares are considered for such, these rights or privileges may change based on the decisions made by the underlying company. "Rule 144 Stock" is an American term given to shares of stock subject to SEC Rule 144: Selling Restricted and Control Securities. Under Rule 144, restricted and controlled securities are acquired in unregistered form. Investors either purchase or take ownership of these securities through private sales from the issuing company or from an affiliate of the issuer. Investors wishing to sell these securities are subject to different rules than those selling traditional common or preferred stock; these individuals will only be allowed to liquidate their securities after meeting the specific conditions set forth by SEC Rule 144.
Aylett Hawes Buckner
Aylett Hawes Buckner was a U. S. Representative from Missouri, nephew of Aylett Hawes and cousin of Richard Hawes and Albert Gallatin Hawes. Born in Fredericksburg, Buckner attended Georgetown College, Washington, D. C. and the University of Virginia at Charlottesville. He engaged in teaching for several years, he moved to Palmyra, Missouri, in 1837. He served as deputy sheriff, he studied law. He commenced practice in Bowling Green, Missouri, he became editor of the Salt River Journal. Buckner was elected clerk of the Pike County Court in 1841, he moved to St. Louis, Missouri, in 1850 and continued the practice of law. Attorney for the Bank of the State of Missouri in 1852, he was appointed commissioner of public works in 1854 and served until 1855. He settled on a farm near Bowling Green. Buckner was elected judge of the third judicial circuit in 1857, he served as delegate to the convention held in Washington, D. C. in 1861 in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war. He moved to St. Charles, Missouri, in 1862 and became interested in the manufacture of tobacco in St. Louis.
He engaged in mercantile pursuits. He moved to Audrain County, he served as member of the Democratic central committee in 1868. He served as delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1872. Buckner was elected as a Democrat to the five succeeding Congresses, he served as chairman of the Committee on District of Columbia, Committee on Currency. While many congressmen of that era held racist views, Buckner was a strong advocate of the racial supremacy of whites. While enthusiastically advocating for restrictions on Chinese immigration, he called for the removal of African Americans from the United States, asking "what reason can be assigned that we do not prepare to remove, not by forced expatriation or by any form of coercion, that portion of our population that, like the Chinese, are aliens to our race, whose blood does not mingle with that of the white race without corrupting it, whose inferiority to the white race is an admitted fact?" While other congressmen were critical of granting rights to African Americans most southern members did not go so far as to advocate that millions of citizens be removed from the country.
He retired from public life. He died in Mexico, February 5, 1894, he was interred in Elmwood Cemetery. United States Congress. "Aylett Hawes Buckner". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress