Didier Bourdon is a French Algerian-born actor and film director. He first reached stardom in France when he created the comedic trio Les Inconnus with Bernard Campan and Pascal Légitimus, popular throughout the 1990s. Didier Bourdon on IMDb Some Place Else at Eurochannel
Bertrand Blier is a French film director and writer. His 1978 film Get Out Your Handkerchiefs won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 51st Academy Awards, he is the son of famous French actor Bernard Blier. His 1996 film Mon Homme was entered into the 46th Berlin International Film Festival, his 2005 film How Much Do You Love Me? was entered into the 28th Moscow International Film Festival where he won the Silver George for Best Director. A defence of Blier's work until 2000 was written by Sue Harris, Queen Mary College and published in 2001 by Manchester University Press. With his former wife Françoise, to whom he was married for twenty years, he has a daughter named Béatrice, he has a son, Léonard, born 1993, with actress Anouk Grinberg. He is married to actress Farida Rahouadj. 1997: Les Côtelettes 2010: Désolé pour la moquette... 1972: Les Valseuses 1979: "Buffet Froid" 1981: Beau-père 1997: Les Côtelettes 1998: Existe en blanc 2001: Pensées, répliques et anecdotes 2010: Désolé pour la moquette...
Bertrand Blier on IMDb
Jean-Pierre Améris is a French film director and screenwriter. His film Lightweight was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival. Jean-Pierre Améris on IMDb
The Car Keys
The Car Keys is a 2003 French comedy film directed by Laurent Baffie. The Car Keys on IMDb
Saint Melchior, or Melichior, was purportedly one of the Biblical Magi along with Caspar and Balthazar who visited the infant Jesus after he was born. Melchior was referred to as the oldest member of the Magi, he was traditionally brought the gift of gold to Jesus. In the Western Christian church, he is regarded as a saint; the Gospels in the New Testament do not give the names of the Magi, but their traditional names are ascribed to a Greek manuscript from 500 AD translated into Latin and accepted as the source of the names. Melchior was described by St Bede in the 8th century as being "an old man, with white hair and long beard." Melchior is commonly referred to as the King of Persia. Following the Star of Bethlehem, the Magi first travelled to the palace of Herod the Great, who asked for the Magi to find the Child Jesus and report back to him. Upon arriving at the house, the Magi worshipped him and opened their gifts, with Melchior giving the gift of gold to signify Jesus' kingship over the world.
Following his return to Persia, Melchior met up with the other Magi again in 54 AD in Kingdom of Armenia to celebrate Christmas before dying at the age of 116 on 1 January 55 AD. Melchior, along with the other Magi, is purported to be buried in the Shrine of the Three Kings in Cologne Cathedral following his remains being moved from Constantinople by Eustorgius I in 314 AD to Milan. In 1164, Holy Roman Emperor Fredrick Barbarossa moved them to Cologne. Melchior is commemorated on the Feast of Epiphany along with the other members of the Magi but is commemorated in Catholicism with his feast day on the 6th of January
Biblioteca Nacional de España
The Biblioteca Nacional de España is a major public library, the largest in Spain, one of the largest in the world. It is located on the Paseo de Recoletos; the library was founded by King Philip V in 1712 as the Palace Public Library. The Royal Letters Patent that he granted, the predecessor of the current legal deposit requirement, made it mandatory for printers to submit a copy of every book printed in Spain to the library. In 1836, the library's status as Crown property was revoked and ownership was transferred to the Ministry of Governance. At the same time, it was renamed the Biblioteca Nacional. During the 19th century, confiscations and donations enabled the Biblioteca Nacional to acquire the majority of the antique and valuable books that it holds. In 1892 the building was used to host the Historical American Exposition. On March 16, 1896, the Biblioteca Nacional opened to the public in the same building in which it is housed and included a vast Reading Room on the main floor designed to hold 320 readers.
In 1931 the Reading Room was reorganised, providing it with a major collection of reference works, the General Reading Room was created to cater for students and general readers. During the Spanish Civil War close to 500,000 volumes were collected by the Confiscation Committee and stored in the Biblioteca Nacional to safeguard works of art and books held until in religious establishments and private houses. During the 20th century numerous modifications were made to the building to adapt its rooms and repositories to its expanding collections, to the growing volume of material received following the modification to the Legal Deposit requirement in 1958, to the numerous works purchased by the library. Among this building work, some of the most noteworthy changes were the alterations made in 1955 to triple the capacity of the library's repositories, those started in 1986 and completed in 2000, which led to the creation of the new building in Alcalá de Henares and complete remodelling of the building on Paseo de Recoletos, Madrid.
In 1986, when Spain's main bibliographic institutions - the National Newspaper Library, the Spanish Bibliographic Institute and the Centre for Documentary and Bibliographic Treasures - were incorporated into the Biblioteca Nacional, the library was established as the State Repository of Spain's Cultural Memory, making all of Spain's bibliographic output on any media available to the Spanish Library System and national and international researchers and cultural and educational institutions. In 1990 it was made an Autonomous Entity attached to the Ministry of Culture; the Madrid premises are shared with the National Archaeological Museum. The Biblioteca Nacional is Spain's highest library institution and is head of the Spanish Library System; as the country's national library, it is the centre responsible for identifying, preserving and disseminating information about Spain's documentary heritage, it aspires to be an essential point of reference for research into Spanish culture. In accordance with its Articles of Association, passed by Royal Decree 1581/1991 of October 31, 1991, its principal functions are to: Compile and conserve bibliographic archives produced in any language of the Spanish state, or any other language, for the purposes of research and information.
Promote research through the study and reproduction of its bibliographic archive. Disseminate information on Spain's bibliographic output based on the entries received through the legal deposit requirement; the library's collection consists of more than 26,000,000 items, including 15,000,000 books and other printed materials, 4,500,000 graphic materials, 600,000 sound recordings, 510,000 music scores, more than 500,000 microforms, 500,000 maps, 143,000 newspapers and serials, 90,000 audiovisuals, 90,000 electronic documents, 30,000 manuscripts. The current director of the Biblioteca Nacional is Ana Santos Aramburo, appointed in 2013. Former directors include her predecessors Glòria Pérez-Salmerón and Milagros del Corral as well as historian Juan Pablo Fusi and author Rosa Regàs. Given its role as the legal deposit for the whole of Spain, since 1991 it has kept most of the overflowing collection at a secondary site in Alcalá de Henares, near Madrid; the Biblioteca Nacional provides access to its collections through the following library services: Guidance and general information on the institution and other libraries.
Bibliographic information about its collection and those held by other libraries or library systems. Access to its automated catalogue, which contains close to 3,000,000 bibliographic records encompassing all of its collections. Archive consultation in the library's reading rooms. Interlibrary loans. Archive reproduction. Biblioteca Digital Hispánica, digital library launched in 2008 by the Biblioteca Nacional de España List of libraries in Spain Media related to Biblioteca Nacional de España at Wikimedia Commons Official site Official web catalog
Les Inconnus are a French trio of humorists: Didier Bourdon, Bernard Campan and Pascal Légitimus. While their first successes were on stage, they are most famous for their satirical sketch comedy television show La Télé des Inconnus, which premiered in 1990 and remained popular throughout the early 1990s. Following their television success, the group began to make music and movies, most of them written and directed by Bourdon and Campan. After the movie Les Trois Frères in 1995, the trio encountered contract problems with their manager Paul Lederman, which caused the group to split up, though there have been several films that have featured at least two former members together; the comedy troupe that would become Les Inconnus was formed in 1984. At its founding, the group had five members and was known as "Les Cinq". Les Cinq starred in the 1985 movie Le Téléphone Sonne Toujours Deux Fois, but shortly afterward Smaïn left the group to pursue solo work. Down to four members, the group changed its name to "Les Quatre Quarts".
In 1986 they met a new manager, Paul Lederman, who began to lead the troupe to larger and larger venues. At about this time the group's name was changed to "Les Inconnus". After hosting a radio show on Europe 1 from 1987 to 1988, Les Inconnus lost another member, Seymour Brussel, they reached national fame with their 1989 stage comic show "Au secours, tout va mieux!". In 1990, the three remaining members of the group premiered their sketch comedy television show, "La Télé des Inconnus." The show, which ran for two years on Antenne 2, was successful, propelled the group to stardom throughout France. Their sketches parodied a number of French cultural icons, including musicians Richard Clayderman, Mano Negra, Didier Barbelivien, Florent Pagny, Patrick Bruel, they satirized French politicians, trade unions, society at large. The program won two Septs d'Or, a video clip from the show, "Auteuil, Passy," won two Victoires de la Musique, their most famous sketch is "Télémagouilles" and its famous "Stéphanie de Monaco".
This sketch is a parody of most of TV games. In 1995, Les Inconnus made their first film in Les Trois Frères; the film was successful, winning the César Award for best début, but due to contract disputes with their manager Paul Lederman, the group was forced to disband after the film's release. Bourdon and Campan starred in two other movies together, Le Pari, L'Extraterrestre, before Légitimus rejoined them for their final film together, Les Rois Mages, in 2001. Only Bourdon and Légitimus starred in Madame Irma in 2006. 1985: Le Téléphone Sonne Toujours Deux Fois 1995: Les Trois Frères 1997: Le Pari 2000: L'Extraterrestre 2001: Les Rois Mages 2006: Madame Irma 2014: Les Trois Frères:Le Retour "Auteuil, Passy" "Biouman" "C'est ton destin" "Rap tout" "Un chagrin d'amour" "Et vice et versa" "C'est toi que je t'aime" "Isabelle a les yeux bleus" Official website