Fenton is a constituent town that amalgamated with Hanley, Burslem and Stoke-upon-Trent to form the county borough of Stoke-on-Trent in 1910 raised to city status in 1925. Fenton is referred to as "the Forgotten Town", because it was omitted by local author, Arnold Bennett from many of his works based in the area including one of his most famous novels, Anna of the Five Towns; the name Fenton means'fen farm'. Fenton started to become populated as a group of farms and private small-holdings were built there, alongside a lane running from the southern reaches of Hanley. Around the 1750s, the land was known as Fenton Vivian. By the 1850s, the area around Duke Street and China Street had become populated during the rapid development of the Potteries. Potters settled in Fenton in large houses alongside their potbanks; such houses include Fenton House, Heron Cottage and Grove House. The two principal districts, Fenton Vivian and Fenton Culvert – each with their scattered communities, were brought together to make an urban district with its own board of guardians in 1894.
On 1 April 1910, the town was federated into the county borough of Stoke-on-Trent. By 1925, the area was granted city status. Fenton has been the home to a number of potteries such as Coalport and Baker & Co, its architectural heritage includes listed bottle ovens. During the First World War Fenton was bombed by Zeppelin'L 21', it is within easy reach of the A500, A34 and the A50, a short distance away from Longton, Hanley and Stoke itself. Although Fenton has large industrial plants from the Potteries trade, it has always been considered more of a residential area. Fenton includes Heron Cross, Mount Pleasant, Pool Dole and Fenpark. Fenton Manor has a swimming pool and fitness centre, plus a 1,300-seater arena. Fenton Park has football pitches, a playground; the Town’s Library on Baker Street, a Carnegie library, is now closed. Fenton had a Magistrates' Court, which served the City from within Fenton’s old Town Hall, built, in 1888, by local pottery owner, William Meath Baker, at his own expense, to a design by Robert Scrivener.
It closed its doors in 2013, but, in part, since been reopened, with the following services on offer: coffee bar, open to the public on Monday to Saturday, between the hours of 09.00 and 16.00. An interesting footnote, here, on William Meath Baker: he was a good friend of the great English composer, Sir Edward Elgar, who included WMB in his world-famous Enigma Variations. Fenton differs from the other Potteries towns. Instead and shops are spread over a sizeable area. Richard Bolton English lawyer, an important figure in the politics of Ireland Sir Edward Bolton English judge who served as Solicitor General for Ireland Jeremiah Yates active Chartist, imprisoned for 1 year for bringing workers out on strike during the 1842 Pottery Riots James Wright a notable New Zealand potter, born in Fenton Mortimer John Brown English sculptor, his early work was based on religious and classical themes. Leonard Birks English footballer, made over 250 appearances including 101 for Port Vale F. C. William Briscoe English footballer who made 473 appearances, including over 300 for Port Vale F.
C. John Griffiths English footballer, 194 appearances for Wolves, Bolton Wanderers F. C. and Manchester United F. C. David Gordon Hines chartered accountant and colonial administrator, developed farming co-operatives in Tanganyika Kenneth James "Ken" Leese member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly. Ronald Allen English football player making 638 appearances for Port Vale F. C. and WBA Frank Joseph Bough retired English television presenter. Stanley Frederick Steele English former footballer, scored 97 goals in 370 league and cup games for Port Vale F. C. Michael John Bettaney MI5 officer, convicted of passing sensitive documents to the Soviet Embassy in London. Paul Bown is an English TV actor. Catherine Swinnerton English former racing cyclist, competed at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. Ryan Colin Shotton English footballer, over 200 professional appearances, plays for Birmingham City F. C. In the Jorge Luis Borges short story The Garden of Forking Paths, Dr. Yu Tsun goes to a suburb of Fenton to meet Stephen Albert.
Town profile at The Sentinel Use interactive maps to find historic artefacts and photographs of old Fenton at exploringthepotteries.org.uk Town profile at The Sentinel
Longton is a constitutional town that amalgamated to form the joined together of Stoke-on-Trent in 1910, along with Hanley, Fenton and Stoke-upon-Trent in 1925, following the granting of city status to become the City of Stoke-on-Trent. Longton was a market town in the parish of Stoke in the county of Staffordshire; the town still has a market housed in an attractively renovated market hall. Coal miners in the Hanley and Longton area ignited the 1842 General Strike and associated Pottery Riots. In March 1865, Longton and Lane End were incorporated as the Borough of Longton. On 1 April 1910, the town was federated into the county borough of Stoke-on-Trent. In 1925 the area was granted city status. One legacy of Longton's administrative independence from 1865 to 1910 is Longton Town Hall, a prominent landmark in the town centre. In 1986 Longton Town Hall faced demolition by Stoke-on-Trent City Council amid considerable local protest. Work on stripping the interior had begun before an injunction was brought and the building saved.
Together with Rochdale in Lancashire, Longton was host to the first Workers Educational Association tutorial classes. R. H. Tawney, known as "the patron saint of adult education", taught the classes for three years starting in January 1908. For a time, until he moved to Manchester in 1909, Tawney was working as part-time economics lecturer at Glasgow University. To fulfil his teaching commitments to the WEA, he travelled first to Longton for the evening class every Friday, before travelling north to Rochdale for the Saturday afternoon class. Arnold Bennett referred to Longton as Longshaw in his novels centred on the Potteries towns; the district has a long history as a base for the pottery industry, such as Paragon China and Aynsley, several major manufacturers still have a presence, along with Gladstone Pottery Museum. Roslyn Works, which adjoins the latter, is now home to several small-scale manufacturers of ceramics. In 1997 the one-way system was bypassed when a new section of the A50 was opened, running past the town in a cutting.
The one way system is no longer the main route into the main town centre of Hanley. Longton is served by a railway station, opened by the North Staffordshire Railway on 7 August 1848. A new bus interchange was opened adjacent to it in 2003 on the site of a former Co-op supermarket. Secondary schools in the area include Stoke Studio College. A new shopping precinct, the Bennett Precinct, opened in 1962, it is now named Longton Exchange. In 2003 a large Tesco Extra superstore has helped to rejuvenate the town. Since other major retailers such as Argos, Pizza Hut, Wilko and B & M have opened new premises. Building firm St. Modwen's, opened an £8 million retail complex in April 2012; the stores there include McDonald's, Pets at Home and Currys. Other local business like Hylands Ltd and Bevans have thrived in the area. Jollees Cabaret Club was a popular nightspot in the 1970s, attracting some of the biggest names in entertainment. In the early 1990s, Shelley's Laserdome became known throughout the Midlands as a rave venue, but it was forced to close in 1992.
Sir John Edensor Heathcote Stoke-on-Trent industrialist, owner of Longton Hall, which he rebuilt in 1778. John Aynsley English potter. William Weston Australasian billiardist, emigrated from Longton aged 3. Percy Shelley was a major force in developing Shelley Potteries, born in Longton. Frederick Arthur Challinor, was a British composer. George Arthur Gallimore English professional footballer who made 77 appearances for Stoke City F. C. Henry "Harry" Colclough English international footballer, who made 83 appearances for Crystal Palace F. C. Louis Williams English footballer made 153 appearances, including for Port Vale and Stoke Ernest Albert Egerton VC English recipient of the Victoria Cross William Thomas Astbury FRS English physicist and molecular biologist who made pioneering X-ray diffraction studies of biological molecules. William Wootton English footballer, made 56 appearances for Port Vale F. C. Gordon Mons Higginson British purported spiritualist medium. Norman Henry Hallam was an English footballer, made 63 appearances for Port Vale F.
C. Charles Tomlinson English poet, attended Longton High School Freddie Jones Actor. Of his many roles on film and television he plays Sandy Thomas in Emmerdale. Andrew Evans a soldier from Longton, stationed at Whittington Barracks, was wrongfully convicted and served 25 years in custody after confessing to the 1972 murder of Judith Roberts, a 14-year-old schoolgirl from Tamworth. Philip Adrian "Phil" Heath former professional English footballer, made 297 appearances. Longton is the birthplace and home of Alan Povey's character Owd Grandad Piggott Black Country folk singer/songwriter, Neil Morris, now lives near Longton Make it Stoke-on-Trent - Longton Regeneration Longton - Stoke-on-Trent Longton Gladstone Pottery Museum Use interactive maps to find historic photographs and artefacts of old Longton Town profile at The Sentinel Longton South Community Blog www.hylands.tv
BBC Radio 4
BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, comedy and history. It replaced the BBC Home Service in 1967; the station controller is Gwyneth Williams, the station is part of BBC Radio and the BBC Radio department. The station is broadcast from the BBC's headquarters at London. On 21 January 2019 Williams announced. There are no details of when, it is the second most popular domestic radio station in the UK, broadcast throughout the UK, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands on FM, LW and DAB, can be received in eastern and south eastern counties of Ireland, the north of France and Northern Europe. It is available through Freeview, Virgin Media and on the Internet, its sister station, BBC Radio 4 Extra, complements the main channel by broadcasting repeats from the Radio 4 archive, extended versions of Radio 4 programmes and supplements to series such as The Archers and Desert Island Discs.
It is notable for its news bulletins and programmes such as Today and The World at One, heralded on air by the Greenwich Time Signal "pips" or the chimes of Big Ben. Radio 4 broadcasts the Shipping Forecast, which reached 150 years old in August 2017; the pips are only accurate on FM, LW, MW as there is a delay on DAB and digital radio of 3 to 5 seconds longer online. BBC Radio 4 is the second most popular British domestic radio station by total hours, after Radio 2 – and the most popular in London and the South of England, it recorded its highest audience, of 11 million listeners, in May 2011 and was "UK Radio Station of the Year" at the 2003, 2004 and 2008 Sony Radio Academy Awards. It won a Peabody Award in 2002 for File On 4: Export Controls. Costing £71.4 million, it is the BBC's most expensive national radio network and is considered by many to be its flagship. There is no comparable British commercial network: Channel 4 abandoned plans to launch its own speech-based digital radio station in October 2008 as part of a £100m cost cutting review.
In 2010 Gwyneth Williams replaced Mark Damazer as Radio 4 controller. Damazer became Master of Oxford. Music and sport are the only fields that fall outside the station's remit, it broadcasts occasional concerts, documentaries related to various forms of both popular and classical music, the long-running music-based Desert Island Discs. Prior to the creation of BBC Radio 5 it broadcast sports-based features, notably Sport on Four, since the creation of BBC Radio 5 Live has become the home of ball-by-ball commentaries of most Test cricket matches played by England, broadcast on long wave; as a result, for around 70 days a year listeners have to rely on FM broadcasts or DAB for mainstream Radio 4 broadcasts – the number relying on long wave is now a small minority. The cricket broadcasts take precedence over on-the-hour news bulletins, but not the Shipping Forecast, carried since its move to long wave in 1978 because that can be received at sea; the station is the UK's national broadcaster in times of national emergency such as war, due to the wide coverage of the Droitwich signal: if all other radio stations were forced to close, it would carry on broadcasting.
It has been claimed that the commanders of nuclear-armed submarines believing that Britain had suffered nuclear attack were required to check if they could still receive Radio 4 on 198 long wave, if they could not they would open sealed orders that might authorise a retaliatory strike. As well as news and drama, the station has a strong reputation for comedy, including experimental and alternative comedy, many successful comedians and comedy shows first appearing on the station. Following the six o'clock news from Monday to Friday, the station broadcasts a thirty-minute comedy programme; the station is available on FM in parts of Ireland and the north of France. Freesat and Virgin have a separate channel which broadcasts the Radio 4 LW output in mono, in addition to the FM output; the BBC Home Service was the predecessor of Radio 4 and broadcast between 1939 and 1967. It had regional variations and was broadcast on medium wave with a network of VHF FM transmitters being added from 1955. Radio 4 replaced it on 30 September 1967, when the BBC renamed many of its domestic radio stations, in response to the challenge of offshore radio.
It moved to long wave in November 1978, taking over the 200 kHz frequency held by Radio 2, moved to 198 kHz as a result of international agreements aimed at avoiding interference and to mark the station becoming a national service for the first time the station became known as Radio 4 UK, a title that remained until mid 1984. For a time during the 1970s Radio 4 carried regional news bulletins Monday to Saturday; these were broadcast twice at breakfast, at lunchtime and an evening bulletin was aired at 5.55pm. There were programme variations for the parts of England not served by BBC Local Radio stations; these included Roundabout East Anglia, a VHF opt-out of the Today programme broadcast from BBC East's studios in Norwich each weekday from 6.45 am to 8.45 am. Roundabout East Anglia came to an end in mid-1980, when local radio services were introduced to East Anglia with the launch of BBC Radio Norfolk. All regional news bulletins broadcast
Bucknall is a suburb of Stoke-on-Trent in the county of Staffordshire. It was recorded in the Domesday Book as having a taxable value of 0.3 geld and consisting of three ploughlands. Mitchell High School was a comprehensive school located in Bucknall that educated pupils of ages 11–16; the school was merged with Edensor High School in Longton in 2011 to form Discovery Academy, with the new school relocating to a new site in Bentilee in 2013. Ash Hall Golf Club first appeared in the mid 1920s, it continued until WW2. Hugh Bourne joint founder of Primitive Methodism, the largest offshoot of Wesleyan Methodism was born at Ford Hayes Farm, Ford Hayes Lane, Bucknall Arthur Prince an English footballer who played 102 games in the Football League Tommy Cheadle an English footballer, played 333 games for Port Vale Stan Turner an English footballer, made 246 appearances for Port Vale Garth Crooks OBE an English former professional footballer, he works for BBC Sport as the lead pundit on Final Score on BBC One on Saturday afternoons
Birches Head is an area within Stoke-on-Trent. It lies on the edge of the town of Hanley. Birches Head Farm the area had new housing built on it to meet modern demands; these houses are centered on open spaces. An old railway line runs across the estate; the local High School is called Birches Head Academy. The old High School site is now The Potter's House Church. There is a Canal running through the suburb, the Caldon Canal; the canal runs from another part of the City, Staffordshire to Froghall, Staffordshire. The area is accessible due to its position around the City Centre, with main roads such as the A5009, A5008 and the A5272. According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, all areas in and around Stoke-on-Trent, including Birches Head saw a rise in economic activity from 2001 to 2011 and saw a similar number of people living in the estate for the ten years; the rise in Economical Activity may be linked to the affluence of the new build estate where a lot of houses are valued at over £150,000.
Birches Head High Schools Website
Chell is a suburb of the city of Stoke-on-Trent in Staffordshire, that can be subdivided into Little Chell, Great Chell and Chell Heath. It lies on the northern edge of the city 1 mile from Tunstall, 2 miles from Burslem and 3 miles from Cheshire. Chell borders Pitts Hill to the west, Tunstall to the south west and Bradeley to the south, with the outlying villages of Packmoor and Brindley Ford to the north and Ball Green to the east. Since 2011 the area has been divided into the electoral wards of Bradeley & Chell Heath, Great Chell & Packmoor and Little Chell & Stanfield. There is no mention of Chell in the Domesday Book, it is believed to have come under the lands of Wolstanton; the earliest written record of Chell comes from 1212, by which time Chell had been split into Little and Great Chell. Prior to 1212 the lord of the manor was Adam de Audley, he was succeeded by his son Henry de Audley who in 1212 confirmed in writing his father's decision to award one third of Chell to Robert Blund when giving him a further 14 acres'in the wood between Chell and Thunstal'.
Henry de Audley gave the remaining two-thirds of Chell to Richard of Hanley, recorded under the name Richard Chell c.1230. Chell is now a common family name in north Staffordshire. There are few records of Little Chell manor after 1344 suggesting it had merged with Great Chell manor. However, the earliest confirmation of this is in 1679 when the Sneyd family, owners of Great Chell Manor, are known to have taken over Little Chell Manor; the Sneyd family held these manors into the 19th century. William Henry Duignan traced the etymology of Chell back to Ceolegh. "Ceole" meant throat or narrow valley in Old English and Chell is situated at the edge of a ridge of land by a narrow valley. Another possibility is that the township was named after a person known as Ceol- Ceol's Lea, lea meaning meadow. In 1666 surveys conducted for the recently implemented Hearth Tax recorded a total of ten households in Chell as being liable for payment of the tax on a total of 15 hearths. No households were recorded as being too poor to pay the tax.
Chell receives a mention in William White's 1851 History and directory of Staffordshire: "CHELL form a liberty of 740 acres and 737 souls. Great Chell is on an eminence 2 ½ N. by E. of Burslem, is occupied chiefly by potters. The Primitive Methodists have a chapel here, built in 1823, enlarged in 1830 and 1841; the Union Workhouse is at Great Chell." Twenty years Chell receive another mention in John Marius Wilson's grander Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, compiled 1870–72: "CHELL, a township in Wolstanton parish, Stafford. Population, 1219. Houses, 215, it contains the Burslem workhouse. Little Chell Water-Mill is first mentioned in 1539, as having belonged to the Colclough family for several generations, it is believed to have been situated on Scotia Brook, where it enters what is now Victoria Park, ground corn. In 1757 the owner, Thomas Baddeley of Newfield, contracted James Brindley to fit the mill with machinery for grinding flint and pumping water out of a neighbouring mine. By 1832 the water-mill had been decommissioned and demolished, only the attached farmstead remained.
Chell Lodge, on the south side of Little Chell Lane known as Little Chell Hall, was built by wealthy potter Thomas Cartlich in the late 1830s. It was demolished in the 1920s to make way for the houses on Scott Roads. Sited on the north side of Little Chell Lane, was Little Chell Farm, first documented in 1775. Blessed William Southern Roman Catholic County Secondary was built on this site in 1957 and was renamed St Margaret Ward's Catholic School in 1970; the school was renamed St Margaret Ward's Catholic Academy in 2013. The Local Government Act 1894 put Chell under Wolstanton Rural District from its creation in 1895 to its abolition in 1904. Parts of Great Chell had by already been transferred to Tunstall Urban District Council. Little Chell and Chell Heath were transferred to Smallthorne Urban District, which did not join the federation of Stoke-on-Trent until 1922, making Chell one of the last additions to Stoke-on-Trent. Barnett Grove and Stross Avenue, in Little Chell, off Little Chell Lane are named after Barnett Stross a former city councillor and MP for Hanley constituency from 1945 to 1950, its replacement Stoke-on-Trent Central from 1950 to 1966.
He is noted for founding and championing the global Lidice Shall Live campaign that sought to raise awareness of, rebuild, the Czech village of Lidice, destroyed by the Nazis in 1942 in revenge for Reinhard Heydrich's murder by British trained Czechs. Chatterley Whitfield Colliery is a disused coal-mine on the eastern outskirts of Chell, it was the largest mine in North Staffordshire and in 1937 it became the first colliery in the UK to produce 1,000,000 tons of saleable coal in a year. In 1976 coal drawing at Chatterley Whitfield came to an end, with the coal worked from Wolstanton Colliery, via a four-mile underground passageway, until it too closed in 1981. On 28 April 2014, Greene King Brewery opened a new £4.5m pub named The Chatterley Whitfield on the western outskirts of Chell. The Wolstanton And Burslem Union Workhouse was opened in 1839 in Turnhurst Road in Great Chell, at a cost of £6,900 to house 400 inmates; the workhouse remained in use beyond the Federation of Stoke-on-Trent whereupon the newly formed county borough took over the running of the facility.
It closed in 1922, eight years before the workhouse system was abolished by act of parliament. Following this it became
Labour Party (UK)
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom, described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists. The party's platform emphasises greater state intervention, social justice and strengthening workers' rights; the Labour Party was founded in 1900, having grown out of the trade union movement and socialist parties of the nineteenth century. It overtook the Liberal Party to become the main opposition to the Conservative Party in the early 1920s, forming two minority governments under Ramsay MacDonald in the 1920s and early 1930s. Labour served in the wartime coalition of 1940-1945, after which Clement Attlee's Labour government established the National Health Service and expanded the welfare state from 1945 to 1951. Under Harold Wilson and James Callaghan, Labour again governed from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1979. In the 1990s Tony Blair took Labour closer to the centre as part of his "New Labour" project, which governed the UK under Blair and Gordon Brown from 1997 to 2010.
After Corbyn took over in 2015, the party has moved leftward. Labour is the Official Opposition in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, having won the second-largest number of seats in the 2017 general election; the Labour Party is the largest party in the Welsh Assembly, forming the main party in the current Welsh government. The party is the third largest in the Scottish Parliament. Labour is a member of the Party of European Socialists and Progressive Alliance, holds observer status in the Socialist International, sits with the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament; the party includes semi-autonomous Scottish and Welsh branches and supports the Social Democratic and Labour Party in Northern Ireland. As of 2017, Labour had the largest membership of any party in Western Europe; the Labour Party originated in the late 19th century, meeting the demand for a new political party to represent the interests and needs of the urban working class, a demographic which had increased in number, many of whom only gained suffrage with the passage of the Representation of the People Act 1884.
Some members of the trades union movement became interested in moving into the political field, after further extensions of the voting franchise in 1867 and 1885, the Liberal Party endorsed some trade-union sponsored candidates. The first Lib–Lab candidate to stand was George Odger in the Southwark by-election of 1870. In addition, several small socialist groups had formed around this time, with the intention of linking the movement to political policies. Among these were the Independent Labour Party, the intellectual and middle-class Fabian Society, the Marxist Social Democratic Federation and the Scottish Labour Party. At the 1895 general election, the Independent Labour Party put up 28 candidates but won only 44,325 votes. Keir Hardie, the leader of the party, believed that to obtain success in parliamentary elections, it would be necessary to join with other left-wing groups. Hardie's roots as a lay preacher contributed to an ethos in the party which led to the comment by 1950s General Secretary Morgan Phillips that "Socialism in Britain owed more to Methodism than Marx".
In 1899, a Doncaster member of the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants, Thomas R. Steels, proposed in his union branch that the Trade Union Congress call a special conference to bring together all left-wing organisations and form them into a single body that would sponsor Parliamentary candidates; the motion was passed at all stages by the TUC, the proposed conference was held at the Memorial Hall on Farringdon Street on 26 and 27 February 1900. The meeting was attended by a broad spectrum of working-class and left-wing organisations—trades unions represented about one third of the membership of the TUC delegates. After a debate, the 129 delegates passed Hardie's motion to establish "a distinct Labour group in Parliament, who shall have their own whips, agree upon their policy, which must embrace a readiness to cooperate with any party which for the time being may be engaged in promoting legislation in the direct interests of labour." This created an association called the Labour Representation Committee, meant to co-ordinate attempts to support MPs sponsored by trade unions and represent the working-class population.
It had no single leader, in the absence of one, the Independent Labour Party nominee Ramsay MacDonald was elected as Secretary. He had the difficult task of keeping the various strands of opinions in the LRC united; the October 1900 "Khaki election" came too soon for the new party to campaign effectively. Only 15 candidatures were sponsored. Support for the LRC was boosted by the 1901 Taff Vale Case, a dispute between strikers and a railway company that ended with the union being ordered to pay £23,000 damages for a strike; the judgement made strikes illegal since employers could recoup the cost of lost business from the unions. The apparent acquiescence of the Conservative Government of Arthur Balfour to industrial and business interests intensified support for the LRC against a government that appeared to have little concern for the industrial proletariat and its problems. In the 1906 election, the LRC won 29 seats—helped by a secret 1903 pact between Ramsay MacDonald and Liberal Chief Whip Herbert Gladstone that aimed to avoid splitting the opposition vote between Labour and Liberal candidates in the interest of removing the Conservatives from office.
In their first meeting after the election the group's Members of Parliament decided to adop