John Walter Grant MacEwan, was a Canadian farmer, Professor at the University of Saskatchewan, Dean of Agriculture at the University of Manitoba, the 28th Mayor of Calgary and both a Member of the Legislative Assembly and the ninth Lieutenant Governor of Alberta, Canada. MacEwan University in Edmonton and the MacEwan Student Centre at the University of Calgary as well as the neighbourhoods of MacEwan Glen in Calgary and MacEwan in Edmonton are named after him. MacEwan's grandparents were Highland Scottish. George MacEwen, his paternal grandfather, came from Stirling, Scotland to farm in Guelph and married Annie Cowan, another Scot; these two had Alexander MacEwen. After leaving home, Alexander went to Brandon, Manitoba to begin a farm of his own, was introduced to Bertha Grant and soon got married. Bertha and Alexander were MacEwan's parents. Bertha was a devout Presbyterian; this strong Scottish and agriculture-driven heritage was influential in MacEwan's life. MacEwan was born in Brandon and lived there until the age of thirteen.
Because of problems with his father's fire-extinguisher business, the family moved to Melfort, Saskatchewan to begin a life of farming. As a boy, MacEwan was entrepreneurial, entering into many different businesses cattle. Most of his first big investments were in cows, either for entering into shows or for producing calves and milk. MacEwan delivered newspapers and sold vegetables and various other items. At the age of twelve, he began working at a grocery store, he spent most of his time helping out on the family farm. In 1921, at the age of nineteen, MacEwan went to Guelph, Ontario to attend the Ontario Agricultural College, he attended the OAC for five years before going back to Melfort. MacEwan was placed among the top of his class, he lived in College, took part in a multitude of campus activities, including the football and basketball teams. In his first two years he completed a preliminary agricultural education; this allowed him to attend the school for another three years to get a full degree.
During his time at school his brother George fell ill with spinal meningitis and died on March 27, 1924. This event was hard on his parents, his family was tightly knit, George had been close to his parents. On May 28, 1926, MacEwan graduated from the OAC along with thirty-three other boys with a B. Sc. degree. After receiving the degree he returned home. In 1927, he received an invitation to study at the University of Iowa, he once again left home. In 1928, he received an M. Sc. degree from the University. MacEwan held a position first as a professor Head of Animal Husbandry at the University of Saskatchewan from 1928-1946, it was here. He published manuscripts on many farming and ranching techniques. During this period, MacEwan traveled away from the University to many farms across Saskatchewan to lecture, judge animals and give meat-cutting lessons. In 1932, MacEwan took a trip to Great Britain with a load of cattle, to observe ranching practices in the British Isles, he visited Scotland and recorded in his journal that, "it is but little wonder that such a unique country has produced the best horses, the best cattle, the best men in the world."
He visited Wales and Jersey. He returned to Canada via the Hudson Bay ship route north along the coasts of Iceland and Greenland entering Hudson Bay and landing at Churchill, Manitoba, he was the first person to go through customs at the new port in Churchill. MacEwan married Phyllis Cline, a school teacher from Saskatchewan in 1935. Two stories from his wedding cast light. Firstly, whereas traditionally the bride and groom remain out of public view until the ceremony calls for them to enter, Grant stood at the front entrance to greet guests as they arrived. Secondly, when it came time for the new couple to leave, MacEwan could not be found until someone looked out at the parking lot, where Grant was fixing a flat tire. Grant and Phyllis had a daughter, Heather MacEwan, in 1939. In 1946 MacEwan moved to the University of Manitoba to be the Dean of Agriculture, he served in this position until 1951. In 1948, he published The Sodbusters, it was the first of thirty-seven historical documents. His style was characterized by plain speech, in order to convey ideas to the reader - students.
MacEwan spent his entire career affiliated with the Liberals. On June 25, 1951 he took his first run at electoral politics by running for a seat in the House of Commons of Canada in the electoral district of Brandon, he was defeated by Progressive Conservative Walter Dinsdale by a wide margin finishing second in the two candidate race. The riding voted for Dinsdale despite being a Liberal stronghold. MacEwan had been parachuted in the district while he was still living in Manitoba. Dinsdale on the other hand was local to Brandon and came from a prominent family in the district thus appealing to the voters more than MacEwan, he won a seat in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta in 1955, from November 1958 MacEwan led the Alberta Liberal Party through a provincial election. His party won only one seat in the 1959 election with MacEwan suffering personal defeat in his Calgary riding, he remained the leader of the party until 1960. During the election, his reputation was his main asset in the campaign against the Social Credit Par
David Richard Swann, is a medical doctor and Canadian politician. He serves as the Member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta for Calgary-Mountain View, is a member of the Liberal Party, he was the leader of the Alberta Liberal Party and Leader of the Opposition in the Alberta Legislature from December 2008 until resigning as party leader in September 2011. He returned as interim leader of the Alberta Liberal Party on February 1, 2015, following the resignation of Raj Sherman and led the party through the 2015 provincial election. Swann was born in Taber and was raised in a middle-class family on the edge of downtown Calgary, his father, Richard Swann, was head of oil and gas exploration for Canadian Fina for many years, before that company was sold to Petro-Canada. His mother Margaret was an active volunteer while raising his four siblings, his summers as a child were spent in the countryside and mountains of Alberta. As he grew up, he worked at gas plants and hospitals to finance his education.
Swann attended Western Canada High School before entering the University of Alberta in Edmonton in 1967. While at the U of A, he was a member of the Golden Bears Basketball team that went to the national basketball finals in 1969, he considers himself an outdoorsman. After graduating in Family Medicine in 1975, Swann worked in mission hospitals in South Africa for three years, where he met his future wife, Laureen Ross a doctor. There he discovered the deep connection between medicine and politics firsthand, he was affected by the human rights abuses of apartheid the killing of Steve Biko, who lived near the mission where he worked. Swann and his wife returned to Canada in 1979, were married and settled in Pincher Creek for seven years; this is where their three children were born, where he participated in a private medical practice with four other physicians. In 1984, he began specialty training in Public Health and, after graduating in 1989, co-ordinated a primary health care project for the University of Calgary in the Philippines.
After returning to Canada, he joined the Alberta Association of Medical Health Officers, becoming their president in 2000 while serving as Medical Officer of Health for Palliser Health and Headwaters Health regions. In 2002, the Alberta Society of Health Officers passed a resolution calling for real government action on climate change and reductions to air pollution. Swann supported this resolution, the government fired him from his position with Palliser Health within days; this led to widespread condemnation of the Alberta Environment Minister, Lorne Taylor, who had influenced Health Chairman Len Mitzel to terminate him. Under intense public pressure, the Palliser Board was forced to offer Swann his job back, he declined, instead making humanitarian trips to Iraq returning to Alberta to run in the 2004 provincial election. Swann entered electoral politics as a candidate for the Alberta Liberals, he was elected to the Alberta Legislature in the Alberta general election on November 22, 2004. Along with Harry B.
Chase, Dave Taylor, Swann was part of a re-emergence of provincial Liberals in Calgary, held by the Progressive Conservatives. During his first term Swann was environment critic and served as deputy chair of the Standing Committee on Resources and Environment and as a member of the Private Bills Committee and the Standing Committee on Health. Swann was re-elected in the March 2008 election. Party leader Kevin Taft resigned following the election in which the party last half of its seats. Swann won the subsequent 2008 Alberta Liberal leadership election on December 13, 2008, defeating Dave Taylor and Mo Elsalhy. During his tenure as leader the party continued to suffer from resignations and internal divisions which contributed to it falling to third place in the polls behind the Wildrose Alliance. On February 1, 2011, he announced his resignation as leader with effect after the spring session of the Legislative Assembly, he resigned without having led the party through a general election however, four years Swann was given the opportunity to lead the party through an election campaign when party leader Raj Sherman resigned weeks before the 2015 provincial election was called and Swann was appointed interim leader.
In the course of the campaign, Swann's Liberals faced an unexpected surge by the Alberta New Democratic Party under its new leader, Rachel Notley, which threatened to cut into Liberal support, as well as a resurgent Wildrose Party which resulted in pressure on Liberal supporters to strategically vote for the more moderate Progressive Conservatives in order to block the more right wing Wildrose Party from forming government. The 2015 election resulted in the defeat of the Progressive Conservatives after 44 years in power and the election of the first NDP government in Alberta history; the Liberals under Swann received 4% of the popular vote, less than half their result in the 2012 election. Only Swann retained his seat becoming the sole Liberal MLA elected, down from 5 Liberal seats. Swann has advocated for many causes related to peace and development, human rights and social justice and has worked with organizations such as Physicians for Global Survival, Amnesty International, Doctors Without Borders.
Swann has been a vocal supporter of farm workers' rights and campaigns for occupational health and safety laws for Alberta's agricultural sector. Biography for Dr. David Swann on the website of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta David Swann website David Swann on Alberta Liberal Party website
Alberta is a western province of Canada. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 as of 2016 census, it is Canada's fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces, its area is about 660,000 square kilometres. Alberta and its neighbour Saskatchewan were districts of the Northwest Territories until they were established as provinces on September 1, 1905; the premier has been Rachel Notley since May 2015. Alberta is bounded by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, the U. S. state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single U. S. state and one of only two landlocked provinces. It has a predominantly humid continental climate, with stark contrasts over a year. Alberta's capital, Edmonton, is near the geographic centre of the province and is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's crude oil, the Athabasca oil sands and other northern resource industries.
About 290 km south of the capital is the largest city in Alberta. Calgary and Edmonton centre Alberta's two census metropolitan areas, both of which have populations exceeding one million, while the province has 16 census agglomerations. Tourist destinations in the province include Banff, Drumheller, Sylvan Lake and Lake Louise. Alberta is named after the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. Princess Louise was the wife of Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada. Lake Louise and Mount Alberta were named in her honour. Alberta, with an area of 661,848 km2, is the fourth-largest province after Quebec and British Columbia. To the south, the province borders on the 49th parallel north, separating it from the U. S. state of Montana, while to the north the 60th parallel north divides it from the Northwest Territories. To the east, the 110th meridian west separates it from the province of Saskatchewan, while on the west its boundary with British Columbia follows the 120th meridian west south from the Northwest Territories at 60°N until it reaches the Continental Divide at the Rocky Mountains, from that point follows the line of peaks marking the Continental Divide in a southeasterly direction until it reaches the Montana border at 49°N.
The province extends 660 km east to west at its maximum width. Its highest point is 3,747 m at the summit of Mount Columbia in the Rocky Mountains along the southwest border while its lowest point is 152 m on the Slave River in Wood Buffalo National Park in the northeast. With the exception of the semi-arid steppe of the south-eastern section, the province has adequate water resources. There are numerous lakes used for swimming, fishing and a range of water sports. There are three large lakes, Lake Claire in Wood Buffalo National Park, Lesser Slave Lake, Lake Athabasca which lies in both Alberta and Saskatchewan; the longest river in the province is the Athabasca River which travels 1,538 km from the Columbia Icefield in the Rocky Mountains to Lake Athabasca. The largest river is the Peace River with an average flow of 2161 m3/s; the Peace River originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows through northern Alberta and into the Slave River, a tributary of the Mackenzie River.
Alberta's capital city, Edmonton, is located at about the geographic centre of the province. It is the most northerly major city in Canada, serves as a gateway and hub for resource development in northern Canada; the region, with its proximity to Canada's largest oil fields, has most of western Canada's oil refinery capacity. Calgary is about 280 km south of Edmonton and 240 km north of Montana, surrounded by extensive ranching country. 75% of the province's population lives in the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor. The land grant policy to the railroads served as a means to populate the province in its early years. Most of the northern half of the province is boreal forest, while the Rocky Mountains along the southwestern boundary are forested; the southern quarter of the province is prairie, ranging from shortgrass prairie in the southeastern corner to mixed grass prairie in an arc to the west and north of it. The central aspen parkland region extending in a broad arc between the prairies and the forests, from Calgary, north to Edmonton, east to Lloydminster, contains the most fertile soil in the province and most of the population.
Much of the unforested part of Alberta is given over either to grain or to dairy farming, with mixed farming more common in the north and centre, while ranching and irrigated agriculture predominate in the south. The Alberta badlands are located in southeastern Alberta, where the Red Deer River crosses the flat prairie and farmland, features deep canyons and striking landforms. Dinosaur Provincial Park, near Brooks, showcases the badlands terrain, desert flora, remnants from Alberta's past when dinosaurs roamed the lush landscape. Alberta has a humid continental climate with cold winters; the province is open to cold arctic weather systems from the north, which produce cold conditions in winter. As the fronts between the air masses shift north and south across Alberta, the temperature can change rapidly. Arctic
Hugh John Montgomery
Hugh John Montgomery was a politician from Alberta, Canada. He served as a politician on the provincial levels of government in Alberta, he served on the city council of Wetaskiwin in various posts between 1906 and 1929. He served in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1914 to 1921 and again from 1930 to 1935 as a member of the Liberal Party in both government and opposition. Hugh John Montgomery was born in Bedeque, Prince Edward Island on July 31, 1878, he grew up on the island and attended Charlottetown Business College He moved west in 1898 after graduating and settled in Wetaskiwin when it was still in the Northwest Territories. Montgomery became a owned part of a large grain and livestock ranch, he became involved in municipal politics soon after settling in the community. Montgomery served as an Alderman in Wetaskiwin from 1906 to 1909, he ran for mayor of the city in 1910. In 1922 He was elected Chief Magistrate of the city and held that position until 1929. Montgomery first ran for a seat to the Alberta Legislature in a by-election on November 17, 1914 in the electoral district of Wetaskiwin.
The by-election was called after the death of incumbent Charles Olin. Montgomery was elected by a wide margin over Conservative candidate Finlay Watson, who thus lost his deposit. In the 1917 general election he was re-elected in a landslide over Conservative candidate R. M. Angus. In the 1921 general election he was defeated by Evert Sparks of the United Farmers of Alberta. Montgomery and Sparks faced each other again in the 1926 general election, Sparks beat Montgomery by less than two hundred votes on the second vote count; the Conservative candidate's second-choice ballots were distributed after being dropped out in the first round, most of them went to the UFA candidate, instead of to Montgomery. Montgomery ran against Sparks for the third time in the 1930 general election and defeated him in a contested two-way, thus returning to office nine years after his defeat. Montgomery was defeated again in the 1935 general election, this time by John Wingblade of the Social Credit League, he finished a distant second in the field of five candidates.
Montgomery attempted another comeback as an independent in the 1944 general election. He was once again defeated by Wingblade, finishing a distant third place in the field of four candidates. Legislative Assembly of Alberta Members Listing
Hugh MacDonald (politician)
Hugh MacDonald is a Canadian politician, who represented the electoral district of Edmonton-Gold Bar in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. He is a member of the Alberta Liberal Party. On September 27, 2011, he announced. Born August 5, 1955, he spent 20 years working in Alberta’s petroleum industry as a boilermaker and small business owner prior to becoming an MLA. MacDonald was first elected as a Member of the Alberta Legislature in the general election of 1997, he was elected to his second term for Edmonton-Gold Bar on March 12, 2001, his third on November 22, 2004, most to his fourth term on March 3, 2008. In addition, MacDonald is the critic for Advanced Education and Technology and Immigration and Infrastructure. MacDonald is serving as chair of the Public Accounts Committee and as a member of the following committees: Alberta Heritage Savings Trust Fund Legislative Offices Committee Private Bills Committee Standing Committee on Public Safety and Services Select Special Chief Electoral Officer Search CommitteeHe has served as chair of the Standing Committee on Public Accounts and as a member of the Select Special Ethics Commissioner Search Committee and the Personal Information Protection Act Review Committee.
MacDonald has served as the Official Opposition critic for Agriculture and Rural Development, the Heritage Savings Trust Fund, Human Resources and Employment and Government Services. Additionally, he has served as a member of the standing committees on Law and Regulations and Privileges and Elections, Standing Orders and Printing. MacDonald has assumed Official Opposition critic positions including: Critic responsible for Employment and Immigration Critic responsible for Infrastructure Profile at the Legislative Assembly of Alberta
1993 Alberta general election
The Alberta general election of 1993 was the twenty-third general election for the Province of Alberta, Canada. It was held on June 1993, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, it is notable because it was seen by some as a contest between the former mayors of Calgary and Edmonton, Ralph Klein and Laurence Decore, respectively. Before being defeated in 2015, it remained the closest the Progressive Conservatives had come to losing since coming to power in 1971. In 1992, the Liberal Party was led by a former mayor of Edmonton. Despite being the smallest of the three parties in the legislature, the Liberals made major gains by shifting to the political right and criticizing the Conservatives' fiscal responsibility, the province's rising debt, the government's involvement in the private sector which resulted in some companies defaulting on government loans. In September 1992, Don Getty resigned as provincial premier and leader of the Progressive Conservative Party, after polls showed that he would not win re-election.
The party membership elected Environment Minister and former Calgary mayor Ralph Klein to succeed Getty. Klein campaigned for the leadership in part by making arguments similar to Decore's, he favoured a near-immediate balancing of the provincial budget and rapid debt repayment thereafter, declared his government "out of the business of business". By the time Klein dropped the writs, his party had regained the lead on polls; the election was fought on a new series of electoral boundaries based on the census of 1991, drawn by a committee composed only of Progressive Conservative MLAs led by Bob Bogle, with no input from opposition parties. The new electoral map drew criticism from the Alberta Court of Appeal in 1994 because the committee gave no justification for creating four districts well below average population, one of, Bogle's own riding of Taber-Warner. During the general election campaign, Klein promoted the significant changes that he had made during his time of Premier, distancing the Conservatives from Getty's past administration.
Decore, facing a Premier with whom he agreed on many issues, argued that the Progressive Conservative party had no moral authority left on the issues on which Klein was campaigning. There were several televised debates, however viewership was low since it coincided with the 1993 Stanley Cup Finals. Klein's efforts were seen as successful in reinvigorating the Conservatives from certain defeat just under a year earlier. Ending up, they retained a solid majority in the legislature for its seventh consecutive term in government; the Conservatives increased its share of the popular vote marginally, lost eight seats in the legislature. The Liberals capitalized on the stagnant PC vote and the collapse of the New Democratic Party vote from 26% to 11%; as opposition to the PC government coalesced around Decore and the Liberals, they won 40% of the popular vote and 32 seats in the legislature, including every seat in Edmonton. They formed what still stands as the largest opposition caucus in Alberta history with the exception of 1917, when the government majority was smaller but there were far fewer seats in the legislature.
To the surprise of many, Decore stepped down as Liberal leader not long after the election being pressured to resign by party insiders who felt that he missed the chance to form the government. Ray Martin's New Democrats the official opposition, were shut out of the legislature altogether for the first time since 1967. All of their seats in Edmonton—including Martin's--were lost to the Liberals, due to the popularity of Decore there. Martin suggested that tactical voting was to blame as well, as the anti-PC vote consolidated around the Liberals. Overall voter turnout was 60.21%. Notes: * Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election. X – less than 0.005% of the popular vote For complete electoral history, see individual districts Note: 1 Pat Black changed her last name to Nelson. List of Alberta political parties
Alberta Liberal Party
The Alberta Liberal Party is a provincial political party in Alberta, Canada. Founded in 1905, it is the oldest active political party in Alberta and was the dominant political party until the 1921 election, with the first three provincial Premiers being Liberals. Since 1921, it has formed the official opposition in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta several times, most from 1993 until 2012. Fourteen Liberals have served as Leader of the Opposition of Alberta; the Alberta Liberal Party was formed on September 1st, 1905. The Liberals formed the government in Alberta for the first 16 years of the province's existence. Alexander C. Rutherford, Arthur L. Sifton and Charles Stewart led Liberal governments, until the party was swept from office in the 1921 election by the United Farmers of Alberta; when Premier Charles Stewart resigned as leader after his government's defeat at the hands of the United Farmers of Alberta in the 1921 election, John R. Boyle, a former Attorney-General, led the legislative caucus until he was appointed to the judiciary in 1924, Charles R. Mitchell a former cabinet minister succeeded him.
John C. Bowen acted in the interim until a party convention chose Joseph Tweed Shaw, a former independent left-wing M. P. In the lead-up to the 1930 election, the party chose George H. Webster, M. L. A. for Calgary City. He resigned in favour of William R. Howson, who led the party energetically if unsuccessfully in 1935. After he was appointed to the provincial superior court in 1936, Edward Leslie Gray succeeded him. Discussions on a coalition of opposition forces began in the early thirties to put together a strong opposition to the United Farmers government; the Liberals refused to join. At the height of Liberal popularity they had managed to lure two United Farmers MLAs to sit in the Liberal caucus. After the defeat of old line parties by Social Credit in the 1935 Alberta general election, the coalition idea picked up steam. Edward Gray, Liberal leader cautiously entered the party into the Unity Movement giving riding associations the opportunity to support Liberal candidates or Independent candidates.
The Alberta Liberals were tepid to support the Independent Citizens' Association led by John Percy Page. They wanted the Independents to remain independent and were against having a new party formed based on the coalition; the Liberals maintained the party organization by keeping the Constituency Associations and Party Executive Intact. After Gray resigned the leadership on April 19, 1941, to accept a patronage position the party did not replace him as leader until James Prowse in 1947; the President of the Party who stood for election annually, became the official face of the party in all matters of party business. The party kept a rump caucus from 1940 to 1944 that started out with one member and got to three by dissolution in 1944; the Liberals despite internal pressure to break with the coalition agreed not to run candidates in the 1944 election. Cooperation with the Independents came to an end when the federal Camrose riding association passed a motion at a meeting in August 1945 calling on the executive of the provincial Liberal party to reorganize in all Alberta provincial constituencies free of alliances and arrangements with other parties.
The party held a meeting on January 7, 1946, to discuss proposals to participate in the 1948 Alberta general election. Prowse became the first true leader of the party in the post coalition era, he led the party from 1947 to 1958 leading to significant gains in popular seats. He resigned the leadership to run for Mayor of Edmonton, was succeeded by John Walter Grant MacEwan, M. L. A. for Calgary City. MacEwan was beset by problems beyond his ability to control; the electoral ability of any opposition party leader became chancy with the abolition of the STV electoral system used for Edmonton and Calgary cities. The Manning government had renewed and reinvigorated itself, recovered much of the ground it had lost, while the recent Diefenbaker landslide made the Progressive Conservative Party seem a more attractive vehicle for the party's traditional supporters. MacEwan was the first of many leaders who faced a problem similar to those of Liberals in Britain and other Western Canadian provinces. Ideologically, the party was being squeezed between social democracy.
In a social sense, the party presented an older and more traditional image in comparison to the Alberta Progressive Conservatives, given the predominance of Social Credit, seemed liberal. The Liberals were reduced to a single member, Michael Maccagno of Lac La Biche. MacEwan retired shortly after this disaster, he was succeeded by David B. Hunter mayor of Athabasca, who campaigned aggressively on the creation of a publicly owned electrical power company, with strong environmentalist overtones; this limited any growth by the Alberta New Democrats in the 1963 election, it established the party with a distinct image and identity separate from the Progressive Conservatives. However, it was internally divisive, a number of candidates, including one of its two successful ones, repudiated the platform's main plank. Hunter himself was defeated in Athabasca, he did not resign until after he lost a byelection, when he decided to run for Parliament. Maccagno, leader of the minuscule opposition in the Legislature, served as interim leader, but did not regard himself as leadership material.
In a convention which exposed the deep ideological fault lines within the party, Adrian Douglas Berry, a Calgary alderman, emerged as leader fro