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Between Heaven and Hell (film)

Between Heaven and Hell is a 1956 20th Century Fox Cinemascope color war film based on the novel The Day the Century Ended by Francis Gwaltney that the film follows closely. The story is told in flashback format detailing the life of Sam Gifford from his life as a Southern landowner to his war service in the Philippines during World War II; the film stars Robert Wagner, Buddy Ebsen, Terry Moore, Broderick Crawford, was directed by Richard Fleischer and was filmed on Kaua'i. The film's score by Hugo Friedhofer,which included elements of the Dies Irae was nominated for an Oscar for Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture. In 1945, on a Pacific island, Sergeant Sam Gifford is demoted to the rank of private after striking an officer, he is transferred to a punishment company, run by the dictatorial Captain Grimes, who insists on being called "Waco" in order to prevent his own death by Japanese snipers. Through flashback, we learn Gifford's backstory -- his civilian status as a wealthy cotton farmer, married to the beautiful daughter of his State Guard commander, a well-to-do plantation owner.

After their reserve unit is sent to the Pacific theater, Gifford becomes close buddies with several of his own sharecroppers -- people he had never socialized with at home. As a sergeant, Gifford capably leads his platoon. However, Gifford outwardly exhibits signs of fear, battle fatigue, neurosis; these weaknesses intensify. Another officer, a wealthy landowner disdainful of his men both as workers and as soldiers, machine guns Gifford's friends out of cowardice and panic. Gifford attempts to beat him to death with the butt of his rifle; the flashback ends. Waco orders Gifford to lead a six-man patrol to check a town believed to be the location of a Japanese headquarters; the patrol finds the town abandoned, but the patrol spots a platoon-strength unit of the Japanese Imperial Army, equipped with mortars, heading towards the hills near Waco's headquarters. On returning, as Gifford reports his findings to Waco, a heavy barrage from Japanese mortars commences. Afterwards, Gifford is sent by Waco to outpost duty with a lieutenant nicknamed Little Joe.

There he forms a friendship with Willie Crawford. After an attack, the outpost loses radio contact with the company and Gifford is sent back to company HQ for fresh batteries, he arrives to find that Waco has been relieved of command when several wounded men informed battalion headquarters of his behavior. Waco, in formal uniform including rank insignia as he prepares to leave, is shot and killed by a Japanese sniper when he demands that his soldiers salute him. Gifford returns to the outpost, hit with another attack in which Little Joe is killed. Gifford and Crawford are the sole survivors. With Crawford wounded in the leg, Crawford orders Gifford back to warn the Company of an impending massive Japanese buildup. At first Gifford refuses to leave the injured Crawford behind, but Crawford insists, pointing a pistol at Gifford. Gifford is wounded along the way. Upon reaching the company he finds. Gifford warns them about the Japanese units massing in the hills, he demands. Just at that moment a patrol arrives with Crawford on a stretcher.

Crawford and Gifford are told. Gifford tells Crawford that he wants Crawford to live with him and his family at his mansion back home and he can have a job at Gifford's company. Robert Wagner as Pvt. Sam Gifford Terry Moore as Jenny Gifford Broderick Crawford as Capt.'Waco' Grimes Buddy Ebsen as Cpl. Willie Crawford Robert Keith as Colonel Cousins Brad Dexter as Lt. Joe'Little Joe' Johnson Mark Damon as Pvt. Terry Ken Clark as Morgan Harvey Lembeck as Pvt. Bernard "Bernie" Meleski Skip Homeier as Cpl. Swanson L. Q. Jones as Pvt. Kenny Tod Andrews as Lt. Ray Mosby Biff Elliot as Lt. Tom Thumb Bart Burns as Pvt. Raker Frank Gorshin as Pvt. Millard Scatman Crothers as George Sam Edwards as Soames Arkansas-born Francis Irby Gwaltney soldiered in the Philippines with the 112th Cavalry that served throughout the Pacific doing several amphibious landings. During this service he met and formed a friendship with Norman Mailer; the Day the Century Ended was Gwaltney's most famous novel. When Fox picked the 1955 novel up for filming, they assigned it to Philippines veteran Rod Serling, famed for his American television plays.

Serling's first screenplay was nine hours long, the project was given to other writers, notably Harry Brown, who had written the book A Walk in the Sun. Between Heaven and Hell is one of the 1950s depictions of the US Army that did not paint a recruiting poster image and was more in tune with many soldiers' memories, such as From Here to Eternity, Robert Aldrich's Attack or Samuel Fuller's films. Fleischer uses the Cinemascope widescreen format well, notably in views of hills lit up by a firefight; when the film was first released, The New York Times panned the film, writing, "To be just as blunt about it as Twentieth Century-Fox, Between Heaven and Hell, a World War II drama, lands accordingly, with a pretty dull thud. This curiously rambling and baffling picture, opening yesterday at Loew's State sketchily suggests the regeneration of a hard-headed young G. I. on a Japanese island in the Pacific... Except for the sideline skirmishes with the Japanese, one fine, big beachhead battle staged by director Richard Fleischer, the action focuses on the outpost, where a b

Assignment in Tomorrow

Assignment in Tomorrow is an anthology of science fiction stories edited by American writer Frederik Pohl. Published in hardcover by Hanover House in 1954 with jacket art by Richard Powers, it was reprinted in paperback by Lancer Books in 1972. "Mr. Costello, Hero" by Theodore Sturgeon "Angels in the Jets" by Jerome Bixby "The Adventurer" by C. M. Kornbluth "Subterfuge" by Ray Bradbury "Helen O'Loy" by Lester del Rey "5,271,009" by Alfred Bester "The Big Trip Up Yonder" by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. "We Don’t Want Any Trouble" by James H. Schmitz "The Peddler’s Nose" by Jack Williamson "The Frightened Tree" by Algis Budrys "A Matter of Form" by Horace L. Gold "Back to Julie" by Richard Wilson "She Who Laughs..." by Peter Phillips "Official Record" by Fletcher Pratt "Hall of Mirrors" by Fredric Brown "Mother" by Philip José Farmer"The Frightened Tree" was published under the title "Protective Mimicry". New York Times reviewer J. Francis McComas found the anthology "a mild disappointment," noting that while some of the contents were "superb stories", several stories were "a bit overfamiliar", while others were "either too conventional in concept or flat in execution."

P. Schuyler Miller, rated it "one of the best anthologies of 1954."

The lady doth protest too much, methinks

"The lady doth protest too much, methinks" is a line from the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare. It is spoken by Queen Gertrude in response to the insincere overacting of a character in the play within a play created by Prince Hamlet to prove his uncle's guilt in the murder of his father, the King of Denmark; the phrase is used in everyday speech to indicate doubt concerning someone's sincerity. A common misquotation places methinks first, as in "methinks the lady doth protest too much"; the line, like most of Shakespeare's works, is in iambic pentameter. It is found in Scene II of Hamlet, where it is spoken by Queen Gertrude, Hamlet's mother. Hamlet believes that the king, was murdered by his uncle Claudius. Hamlet decides to stage a play, the Murder of Gonzago, that follows a similar sequence of events, in order to test whether viewing it will trigger a guilty conscience on the part of Claudius; as Hamlet, Gertrude and others watch the play-within-the-play, the Player Queen, representing Gertrude, declares in flowery language that she will never remarry if her husband dies.

Hamlet turns to his mother and asks her, "Madam, how like you this play?", to which she replies "The lady doth protest too much, methinks", meaning that the Player Queen's protestations of love and fidelity are too excessive to be believed. The quotation comes from the Second Quarto edition of the play. Versions contain the simpler line, "The lady protests too much, methinks"; the line's allusion to Gertrude's fidelity to her husband has become a cliché of sexually fickle womanhood and a shorthand expression conveying doubt in a person's sincerity when the subject is male. As in the play, it is used to imply that someone who denies something strongly is hiding the truth, it is shortened to " protest too much", or misquoted with methinks at the beginning, as in "methinks the lady doth protest too much". Reaction formation Streisand effect

Toshiba T3100

T3100 was a portable PC manufactured by Toshiba and released in 1986. It featured a 10 MB hard drive, 8 MHz Intel 80286 CPU and a black & orange 9.6" gas-plasma display with a resolution of 640x400 pixels. The portable had for the time a special high-resolution 640 x 400 display mode, similar to and compatible with the Olivetti/AT&T 6300 graphics. There's a single proprietary expansion slot for 1200 bit/s modem, expansion chassis for 5x 8-bit ISA cards, Ethernet NIC, 2400 bit/s modem, a 1 MB memory card; the base model had 1MB of memory, which could be upgraded to 5MB. Toshiba T3100 was not a true portable, because it needed an external power source in all except the last version. Five versions existed: The T3100/20 was the same as the base T3100 but with a larger hard drive; the T3100e had a 12 MHz 80286 CPU (switchable to 6 MHz, 1 MB RAM and a 20 MB hard drive. The T3100e/40 was the same with a larger 40 MB hard drive; the T3100SX had a 16 MHz i386SX CPU, 1 MB RAM and a 40 MB or 80 MB hard drive, a VGA 640x480x16 shade black & orange gas plasma display or black & white LC, included an internal rechargeable battery, for true portability.

In Japan, the Japanese version of T3100 was marketed as J-3100. BYTE in 1989 listed the T3100/20 as among the "Distinction" winners of the BYTE Awards, citing its "amazingly clear" display and hard drive. Toshiba T1200 Toshiba T1100 Toshiba T1000 Computer Museum article on the Toshiba T3100 Toshiba Science Museum on laptops Toshiba brochure

Marjorie Bruce

Marjorie Bruce or Marjorie de Brus was the eldest daughter of Robert the Bruce, King of Scots, by his first wife, Isabella of Mar. Marjorie's marriage to Walter, High Steward of Scotland gave rise to the House of Stewart, her son was King Robert II of Scotland. Her mother, was a noblewoman from the Clan Mar. Marjorie was named after her father's mother, Countess of Carrick. Soon after giving birth to Marjorie, at the age of 19, Isabella died. Marjorie's father was at that time the Earl of Carrick. According to legend, Marjorie's parents had been much in love, Robert the Bruce did not remarry until 1302, to a courtier named Elizabeth de Burgh. On 27 March 1306, her father was crowned King of Scots at Scone and Marjorie 10 years old, became a Princess of Scotland. Three months after the coronation, in 1306, her father was defeated at the Battle of Methven, he sent his wife, two sisters, Marjorie north with his supporter Isabella MacDuff, Countess of Buchan, but by the end of June they were captured by Uilleam II, Earl of Ross, a Balliol supporter, who handed them over to the English.

As punishment, Edward I of England sent his hostages to different places in England. Marjorie was sent to the convent at Watton, her aunt, Christina Bruce, was sent to another convent. Elizabeth de Burgh was placed under house arrest at a manor house in Yorkshire. Elizabeth de Burgh's punishment was lighter than the others; this is due to the fact that Edward I needed the support of the powerful Earl of Ulster. Marjorie's aunt, Mary Bruce, the Countess of Buchan were imprisoned in wooden cages, exposed to public view, at Roxburgh Castle and Berwick Castle, respectively. For the next four years, Christina and Isabella endured solitary confinement; the latter two experienced daily public humiliation. A cage was built for Marjorie, around the age of 12, at the Tower of London, but Edward I reconsidered, he instead sent her to the Gilbertine convent in Watton. Christopher Seton, Christina's husband, was executed. Edward I died on 7 July 1307, he was succeeded by his son, Edward II, who subsequently held Marjorie captive in a convent for about seven more years.

She was set free around 1314 in exchange for English noblemen captured after the Battle of Bannockburn. Upon the liberation of Elizabeth de Burgh and Marjorie from their long captivity in England, Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland was sent to receive them at the Anglo-Scottish border and conduct them back to the Scottish court, he married Marjorie. Her dowry included the Barony of Bathgate in West Lothian; the traditional story is that two years on 2 March 1316, Marjorie was riding in Gallowhill, Renfrewshire while pregnant. Her horse was startled and threw her to the ground, she went into premature labour and her child, Robert II of Scotland, was born. Marjorie died soon afterward at the age of around 20, like her mother, the same age when she died in childbirth. However, it is not clear, she may still have died in a riding accident, but this could have taken place after the birth of her son. At the junction of Renfrew Road and Dundonald Road in Paisley, a cairn marks the spot called "the Knock", near where Marjorie reputedly fell from her horse.

Bruce Road and Marjorie Drive are named in her honour. She is buried at Paisley Abbey, her son succeeded his childless uncle David II of Scotland in 1371 as King Robert II. Her descendants include the House of Stewart and all their successors on the throne of Scotland and the United Kingdom; the young adult novel Girl in a Cage, by Jane Yolen and Robert J. Harris, features Marjorie Bruce as its protagonist. In it, Marjorie is imprisoned in a cage. Although there is a preface stating that it is fictional, many have taken it to be a true story; the historical fiction novel Spirit of Fire: The Tale of Marjorie Bruce, by the young author Emmerson Brand, features Marjorie Bruce as its protagonist. In the historical action drama film Outlaw King, Marjorie is featured as a minor character during the First War of Scottish Independence; the original site of Bathgate Castle, part of her dowry, can be found on the grounds of Bathgate Golf Club. The site is protected by Historic Environment Scotland and the Club is debarred from carrying out any excavation work on the site without prior permission.

Every year on the first Saturday of June, the town of Bathgate celebrates the marriage of Marjorie and Walter in their annual historical pageant, just before the town's procession and Newland festival. Local school children are given the parts of Marjorie and other members of the court. After the pageant, everyone joins the procession along with Robert the Bruce on horseback. Bannockburn article contains some information on Marjorie Bruce. Bathgate Castle and Old Hall Knowe

Kuran wa Munjan

Kurān wa Munjān spelled Kiran wa Munjan or Koran va Monjan, is a village in Badakhshan Province in north-eastern Afghanistan. It is the capital of Kuran wa Munjan District. With a cold and temperate climate, Kuran wa Munjan features a cool-summer humid continental climate under the Köppen climate classification, it has cold, snowy winters. The average temperature in Kuran wa Munjan is 8.1 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 762 mm. August is the driest month with 10 mm of rainfall, while April, the wettest month, has an average precipitation of 167 mm. July is the hottest month of the year with an average temperature of 19.5 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of -3.9 °C