Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries. The city stretches across fourteen islands. Just outside the city and along the coast is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago; the area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is the capital of Stockholm County. Stockholm is the cultural, media and economic centre of Sweden; the Stockholm region alone accounts for over a third of the country's GDP, is among the top 10 regions in Europe by GDP per capita. It is an important global city, the main centre for corporate headquarters in the Nordic region; the city is home to some of Europe's top ranking universities, such as the Stockholm School of Economics, Karolinska Institute and Royal Institute of Technology. It hosts the annual Nobel Prize ceremonies and banquet at the Stockholm Concert Hall and Stockholm City Hall. One of the city's most prized museums, the Vasa Museum, is the most visited non-art museum in Scandinavia.
The Stockholm metro, opened in 1950, is well known for the decor of its stations. Sweden's national football arena is located north of the city centre, in Solna. Ericsson Globe, the national indoor arena, is in the southern part of the city; the city was the host of the 1912 Summer Olympics, hosted the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics otherwise held in Melbourne, Australia. Stockholm is the seat of the Swedish government and most of its agencies, including the highest courts in the judiciary, the official residencies of the Swedish monarch and the Prime Minister; the government has its seat in the Rosenbad building, the Riksdag is seated in the Parliament House, the Prime Minister's residence is adjacent at Sager House. Stockholm Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the Swedish monarch, while Drottningholm Palace, a World Heritage Site on the outskirts of Stockholm, serves as the Royal Family's private residence. After the Ice Age, around 8,000 BC, there were many people living in what is today the Stockholm area, but as temperatures dropped, inhabitants moved south.
Thousands of years as the ground thawed, the climate became tolerable and the lands became fertile, people began to migrate back to the North. At the intersection of the Baltic Sea and lake Mälaren is an archipelago site where the Old Town of Stockholm was first built from about 1000 CE by Vikings, they had a positive trade impact on the area because of the trade routes they created. Stockholm's location appears in Norse sagas as Agnafit, in Heimskringla in connection with the legendary king Agne; the earliest written mention of the name Stockholm dates from 1252, by which time the mines in Bergslagen made it an important site in the iron trade. The first part of the name means log in Swedish, although it may be connected to an old German word meaning fortification; the second part of the name means islet, is thought to refer to the islet Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. According to Eric Chronicles the city is said to have been founded by Birger Jarl to protect Sweden from sea invasions made by Karelians after the pillage of Sigtuna on Lake Mälaren in the summer of 1187.
Stockholm's core, the present Old Town was built on the central island next to Helgeandsholmen from the mid-13th century onward. The city rose to prominence as a result of the Baltic trade of the Hanseatic League. Stockholm developed strong economic and cultural linkages with Lübeck, Gdańsk, Visby and Riga during this time. Between 1296 and 1478 Stockholm's City Council was made up of 24 members, half of whom were selected from the town's German-speaking burghers; the strategic and economic importance of the city made Stockholm an important factor in relations between the Danish Kings of the Kalmar Union and the national independence movement in the 15th century. The Danish King Christian II was able to enter the city in 1520. On 8 November 1520 a massacre of opposition figures called the Stockholm Bloodbath took place and set off further uprisings that led to the breakup of the Kalmar Union. With the accession of Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the establishment of a royal power, the population of Stockholm began to grow, reaching 10,000 by 1600.
The 17th century saw Sweden grow into a major European power, reflected in the development of the city of Stockholm. From 1610 to 1680 the population multiplied sixfold. In 1634, Stockholm became the official capital of the Swedish empire. Trading rules were created that gave Stockholm an essential monopoly over trade between foreign merchants and other Swedish and Scandinavian territories. In 1697, Tre Kronor was replaced by Stockholm Palace. In 1710, a plague killed about 20,000 of the population. After the end of the Great Northern War the city stagnated. Population growth halted and economic growth slowed; the city was in shock after having lost its place as the capital of a Great power. However, Stockholm maintained its role as the political centre of Sweden and continued to develop culturally under Gustav III. By the second half of the 19th century, Stockholm had regained its leading economic role. New industries emerged and Stockholm was transformed into an important trade and service centre as well as a key gateway point within Sweden.
The population grew during this time through immigration. At the end
Repatriation is the process of returning an asset, an item of symbolic value or a person – voluntarily or forcibly – to its owner or their place of origin or citizenship. The term may refer to non-human entities, such as converting a foreign currency into the currency of one's own country, as well as to the process of returning military personnel to their place of origin following a war, it applies to diplomatic envoys, international officials as well as expatriates and migrants in time of international crisis. For refugees, asylum seekers and illegal migrants, repatriation can mean either voluntary return or deportation. Voluntary return is the return of eligible persons, such as refugees, to their country of origin or citizenship on the basis of expressed willingness to such return. Voluntary return, unlike expulsion and deportation, which are actions of sovereign states, is defined as a personal right under specific conditions described in various international instruments, such as the OAU Convention, along with customary international law.
Some countries offer financial support to refugees and immigrants in order to facilitate the process of starting a new life in their country of origin. Examples of 21st century voluntary return include the Danish government, which began in 2009, offering £12,000 each to immigrants to return, Switzerland offering around 6,500 Francs, targeted for business startups upon returning home, as well Ireland. Germany in 2016 allocated €150 million over three years for migrants willing to return, the Swedish government began offering £3,500 each. 544 Nigerians returned home from Switzerland in 2013. This financial support may be considered as residency buyouts. Two countries may have a re-admission agreement, which establishes procedures, on a reciprocal basis, for one state to return irregular non-nationals to their country of origin or a country through which they have transited. Illegal immigrants are repatriated as a matter of government policy. Repatriation measures of voluntary return, with financial assistance, as well as measures of deportation are used in many countries.
As repatriation can be voluntary or forced the term is used as a euphemism for deportation. Involuntary or forced repatriation is the return of refugees, prisoners of war, or civil detainees to their country of origin under circumstances that leave no other viable alternatives. According to contemporary international law, prisoners of war, civil detainees, or refugees refusing repatriation if motivated by fears of political persecution in their own country, should be protected from refoulement and given, if possible, temporary or permanent asylum; the forced return of people to countries where they would face persecution is more known as refoulement, against international law. While repatriation brings an individual to his or her territory of origin or citizenship, a return includes bringing the person back to the point of departure; this could be to a third country, including a country of transit, a country the person has traveled through to get to the country of destination. A return could be within the territorial boundaries of a country, as in the case of returning internally displaced persons and demobilized combatants.
The distinction between repatriation and return, voluntary or involuntary, is not always clear. Repatriation is linked with health care due to the costs and resources associated with providing medical treatment to travelers and immigrants pursuing citizenship. For example, if a foreign national is in the United States with a visa and becomes ill, the insurance that the visa holder has in his or her native country may not apply in the United States if it is a country with universal health care coverage; this scenario forces hospitals to choose one of three options: Limit their services to emergency care only Offer charity care free of charge or at a reduced rate Repatriate the patient back to his or her native country where he or she will be covered according to that country's policyDetermining which option is the most ethical is very challenging for hospital administrators. In some cases, a traveler's personal insurance company is required to repatriate the patient for medical treatment; the method of repatriation could be by ground, or by air ambulance.
Medical repatriation is different from the act of medical evacuation. In the 20th century, following all European wars, several repatriation commissions were created to supervise the return of war refugees, displaced persons, prisoners of war to their country of origin. Repatriation hospitals were established in some countries to care for the ongoing medical and health requirements of returned military personnel. In the Soviet Union, the refugees seen as traitors for surrendering were killed or sent to Siberian concentration camps. Issues surrounding repatriation have been some of the most heatedly debated political topics of the 20th and 21st centuries. Many forced back to the Soviet Union by Allied forces in World War II still hold this forced migration against the United States of America and the United Kingdom; the term repatriation was used by Communist governments to describe the large-scale state-sponsored ethnic cleansing actions and expulsion of national groups. Poles born in territories that were annexed by the Soviet Union, although deported to the State of Poland, were settled in the annexed former German territories.
In the process they were told. The Korean War marked the first time that the United States or any nation began returning the bodies of battlefield casualties as soon a
Soldiers of Odin
Soldiers of Odin is an anti-immigrant group founded in Kemi, Finland, in October 2015. The group was established as a response to thousands of migrants arriving in Finland amid the European migrant crisis. SOO has denied claims of being a racist or neo-Nazi group in interviews and on their public Facebook page. However, the group's founder, Mika Ranta, has connections to the far-right, neo-Nazi Nordic Resistance Movement and a criminal conviction stemming from a racially motivated assault in 2005. According to the Finnish public broadcaster Yle, a private Facebook page for selected members of SOO shows that racism and Nazi sympathies are rampant among higher-ranking members; the group's nature has raised concerns of anti-immigrant vigilantism. In addition to Finland, affiliates of the group have a presence in Australia, Canada, Sweden, the United States and the United Kingdom. Soldiers of Odin was founded in the town of Kemi in Northern Finland in October 2015 in response to an ten-fold increase in the number of migrants to Finland following the European migrant crisis in 2015.
The founder is Mika Ranta, while a self-declared neo-Nazi and member of the Finnish Resistance Movement, maintains that his personal views do not represent the group as a whole. The group is named after the god that rules asgard, home of the gods, in Norse mythology. Soldiers of Odin gained momentum in 2016 after incidents such as the New Year's Eve sexual assaults in Germany, the January 2016 stabbing death of Alexandra Mezher, a Lebanese social worker in Sweden, other migrant-related crime incidents. On 15 March 2016, Soldiers of Odin announced on their Facebook page that they had intervened in the attempted sexual harassment of two underage girls; the group claimed that the perpetrators were two refugees and that the police thanked Soldiers of Odin for their actions. Further investigation revealed that neither the police nor any bystanders had any knowledge of the event. On March 16, 2016, Soldiers of Odin admitted; the group said that the member would be expelled. The group's number of Facebook likes in Finland alone was more than 49,000 in December 2017.
The group began patrolling in Norway in February 2016. Which was profiled temporarily in the start-up phase by Ronny Alte, a former leader of the Norwegian Defence League and Pegida activist; the group began patrols in Sweden in March 2016, marching in several cities and towns, however they met with opposition from militant leftist groups and in Gothenburg they themselves had to ask the police for protection of their patrols. According to Yle, Soldiers of Odin has connections to the Finnish MV-media alternative media website and has been promised good visibility on the site. MV-media website and its owner Ilja Janitskin have ties to the Russian-backed Donetsk People's Republic. Soldiers of Odin claims a membership of 600 in Finland; the group has a presence in Sweden and Norway. The group has a presence in Estonia though Estonia "has no asylum seekers or refugees". Additionally, Soldiers of Odin has a following in the United States, England and Germany; the membership of the Soldiers of Odin Australia was registered as a non-profit association with the Victorian government in June 2016.
In 2016, the group ran "safety patrols" of Federation Square, Birrarung Marr and Bourke Street Mall and outside city train stations at night in Melbourne, Victoria to counteract what it claims was the inability of police to protect the public from rising street crime and gangs such as Apex. However, the group has not been publicly active since; the Quebec chapter of Soldiers of Odin was established by Dave Tregget, who left to found the anti-immigration group Storm Alliance in 2016. Soldiers of Odin established a group in Yukon, Canada, in 2016. Soldiers of Odin were seen patrolling the streets of Edmonton, Canada, in July 2016; the group told the police that they were not "anti-immigration", the police confirmed the group had not engaged in any criminal activity as of September 2016. The Edmonton police did say that "If they are the Soldiers of Odin like they are in Europe, we are going to be concerned". A soldiers of Odin group began patrols in Grande Prairie, where they not only patrol but are involved in helping the community in a variety of ways, including sending children to summer camps and helping to restore a vandalized war monument.
The Grande Prairie chapter's Facebook describes them as "Soldiers of Odin is a charitable non-profit organization in Grand Prairie Alberta, with an eye on the community and helping hands for those in need". A Soldiers of Odin group began patrols in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, in September 2016 but claimed to be independent and not affiliated with racist and biker groups. A chapter appeared in Winnipeg, Manitoba, in fall 2016, though they claimed to be unaffiliated with the European groups; the national chapter is based in Manitoba. An educator at MacEwan University counters their claims of non-hate stating "Why name yourself after that group if you don't want to be associated with that ideology? If you are interested in community safety, community patrols, there's more than enough volunteer organizations that could have been joined."A chapter of the Soldiers of Odin formed in Sudbury, Ontario, in summer 2016, around the same time that the leader of the Finnish Soldiers of Odin was sentenced for aggravated assault.
Members soon began volunteering at a local soup kitchen and cleaning up discarded needles in public parks and trails and posting photos of their efforts on social media in an a
Sweden Democrats or Swedish Democrats is a social conservative and right-wing populist political party in Sweden, founded in 1988. The party describes itself as social conservative with a nationalist foundation; the party has been characterized by others as far-right, national-conservative, anti-immigration. Jimmie Åkesson has been party leader since 2005; the party has its roots in Swedish fascism and was a white nationalist movement through the early-1990s, when it first began distancing itself from its past. Today, the Sweden Democrats reject both fascism and Nazism; the Sweden Democrats crossed the 4% threshold necessary for parliamentary representation for the first time in the 2010 general election, polling 5.7% and gaining 20 seats in the Riksdag. This increase in popularity has been compared by international media to other similar anti-immigration movements in Europe; the party received increased support in the 2018 Swedish general election, when it polled 17.5% and secured 62 seats in parliament, becoming the third largest party in Sweden.
The Sweden Democrats remained isolated in the Riksdag for a long time because the other parties staunchly maintained a policy of refusing cooperation with them. However, in March 2019 Christian Democratic leader Ebba Busch Thor announced that her party was ready to start negotiations with the Sweden Democrats in the Riksdag; the Sweden Democrats are a member of European Conservatives and Reformists group in the European Parliament. The party was against the European Union, supported a Swedish exit from the EU until January 2019; the Sweden Democrats party was founded in 1988 as a direct successor to the Sweden Party, which in turn had been formed in 1986 by the merger of Bevara Sverige Svenskt and a faction of the Swedish Progress Party. SD claims 6 February 1988 as the date of its foundation, although observers tend to see the party's foundation as part of a complex decade-long series of events, with some calling into question whether a meeting took place on 6 February; the party has its roots in Swedish fascism and was a white nationalist movement through the early-1990s, when it first began distancing itself from its past.
The SD's logo from the 1990s until 2006 was a version of the torch used by the UK National Front. While opinions on the early SD vary, it is agreed that SD has never been a Nazi party, although various connections have existed through some of its former members; the party sponsored music of the nationalist Viking rock band Ultima Thule, various party officials today acknowledge that being fans of Ultima Thule's music factored prominently in their decision to become politically engaged. Among the founding officials of the party were several people that had expressed strong support for the ideology of Nazi Germany; the party's first auditor, Gustaf Ekström, was a Waffen-SS veteran and had been a member of the national socialist party Svensk Socialistisk Samling in the 1940s. In 1989, Ekström was a member of the Sweden Democrats' national board. SD's first chairman Anders. Early on, the party recommended international connections to its members such as the National Democratic Party of Germany, the American National Association for the Advancement of White People and publications like the Nazi Nation Europa and Nouvelle École, a newspaper that advocates racial biology.
From 1995 onwards the party's new leader, Mikael Jansson, strove to make the party more respectable and, after photographs surfaced of some members posing in Nazi uniforms at party meetings, the wearing of any kind of uniform was formally banned in 1996. During the 1990s, the party became more influenced by the French National Front, as well as the Freedom Party of Austria, the Danish People's Party, German The Republicans and Italian National Alliance. SD received economic support for the 1998 election from the French National Front, was active in Le Pen's Euronat from the same time. SD, however, in 1999 left its membership in Euronat to its youth organisation. In 2001 the most extreme faction was expelled from the party, leading to the formation of the more radical National Democrats. During the 2000s the so-called "Scania gang", or "Gang of Four" – Jimmie Åkesson, Björn Söder, Mattias Karlsson and Richard Jomshof – continued and expanded the moderation policy, which included ousting extremist members.
Before the 2002 election, former Moderate Party MP Sten Christer Andersson defected to SD, citing that the party had gotten rid of its extreme-right elements. In 2003 the party declared the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to be a cornerstone of its policies. In 2006 the party changed its logo from the torch to one featuring an Anemone hepatica, reminiscent of the party's first, but short-lived, logo. In the 2010 general election, SD won representation in the Swedish Riksdag for the first time, with 5.7% of the vote and 20 MPs. Sweden Democrat MP William Petzäll was persuaded to leave the party on 26 September 2011 while still retaining his parliamentary seat; this was done because of Petzäll's substance abuse and the problems this might cause for SD's public image. Petzäll died of an overdose and his seat was turned over to Stellan Bojerud in September 2012. In November 2012, videos from August 2010 were released, in segments, over the course of three days by Swedish newspaper Expressen.
This came to be known as the Iron pipe scandal, although t
Nils Svante Flyg was a Swedish Communist politician who turned pro-Nazi during World War II. Nils Flyg was raised in Södermalm, a working-class area of Stockholm. Early on he joined the Swedish Social Democratic Party's youth organization, the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League. In 1917, Flyg took part in the founding of a new leftist party, a group headed by Zeth Höglund and Karl Kilbom, which would soon become the Communist Party of Sweden. Flyg became an important leader of the Communist Party, wrote books and went on political trips to the Soviet Union. In the general election of 1928, with the Flyg-dominated Communists cooperating with the dominant Social Democratic Party, he failed to achieve an influential position as voters failed to show substantial support for a Communist-Social Democratic coalition. In 1929 Flyg, along with the majority of the party's membership, was accused of insufficient loyalty to the Soviet-dominated Comintern and expelled from the party; the same year Flyg and Kilbom founded a new, parallel Communist Party, which claimed to be the real Communist Party of Sweden.
Flyg and Kilbom attempted to reconcile with the Comintern, something that soon proved fruitless. They developed an animosity towards Stalinism. By 1934 the party had changed name to the Socialist Party. At first, the Socialist Party still supported the Soviet Union but condemned the Stalinist leadership, but by the end of the 1930s, the party had changed its view and criticized the whole of the Soviet Union, a stance that developed to a foreign policy embracing Nazi Germany. In 1937 Kilbom was expelled from the party after a few years of disputes and personal struggle between the two leaders. After the expulsion of Kilbom a majority of the members of the party left; the Socialist Party shrank and Flyg became more and more politically isolated. At the beginning of World War II, Flyg came out in opposition to fascism, the Nazi-Soviet pact in his eyes proved that Stalinism was just as bad as fascism, but when Hitler broke the pact with Stalin, Germany launched the invasion against the Soviet Union, Flyg decided that he had to support the Nazis against Stalin, hoping it would lead to the end of Stalinism.
Financial constraints led him to approach the German High Commission in Stockholm. The Germans turned down his request for funding, but in the final stages of the war funding was granted. Flyg and his party developed a pro-Nazi position. Still, Nils Flyg never gave in to Hitlerism, he was neither an adherent of core fascist or racist policies, considered himself a socialist until his death. He was against capitalism and imperialism and supported the basic ideas of Marx and Lenin. In one speech to a group of Swedish Nazis, he caused confusion when he declared: "Death to communism! Long live communism!"
Elsie Anna-Lena Lodenius is a Swedish journalist and lecturer. She is best known for her studies of autonomous. Extreme nationalist movements and right wing populism, she has published articles in Expressen, Svenska Dagbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Ordfront, Månadsjournalen and Arena. Lodenius was appointed as a researcher and reporter for investigative television programs such as TV4's Kalla fakta and SVT's Striptease, she participated in a series of TV and radio programs such as Mosaik and UR's UR-akademin. From 2003–04 she worked at the Olof Palme International Centre on an information project called "Global Respect". From 2018 she is in the board and the editorial of Doku, a foundation for investigating radical jihadism. Operation högervridning, Tiden förlag, 1988 Extremhögern, Tiden förlag, 1991 Nazist, rasist eller bara patriot? En bok om den rasistiska ungdomskulturen och främlingsfientligt orienterad brottslighet, Rikspolisstyrelsen, 1997 Vit makt och blågula drömmar: Rasism och nazism i dagens Sverige, Natur & Kultur, 1998 Svenskarna först: Handbok mot rasism och främlingsfientlighet, Atlas förlag, 1999 Tvåfrontskrig: Fackets kamp mot nazism och kommunism, Hjalmarsson och Högberg, 2002 Global Respekt – grundkurs i globalisering och mänskliga rättigheter, 2004 Är det värt det? – om handel och mänskliga rättigheter, 2005 Gatans parlament – om politiska våldsverkare i Sverige, 2006 Migrantarbetare – grundkurs om rörlighet, rättigheter och globalisering, 2008 Slaget om svenskheten – ta debatten med Sverigedemokraterna, 2009 Krutdurk Europa, 2011 Vi säger vad du tänker - högerpopulismen i Europa, 2015 Vi måste förbereda oss på död - i huvudet på en terrorist, 2017 Official website
Swedish National Socialist Party
The Swedish National Socialist Party was a National Socialist political party in Sweden. Birger Furugård served as riksledare of the party; the party was modeled after the National Socialist German Workers Party. As National Leader, Furugård had full authority of all party affairs. Sven Olov Lindholm was the editor of Vår Kamp. Furugård's two older brothers and Gunnar occupied key posts in the party leadership. There was a nine-member Party Staff; each of the nine had a specific task in the party hierarchy. Furugård himself visited Germany on several occasions, spoke at NSDAP election campaign meetings, he developed personal friendship links to key persons in the German party hierarchy, including Adolf Hitler. The party used a swastika as its symbol; the party was founded on October 1, 1930 through the merger of the National Socialist People's Party of Sweden and the New Swedish People's League. The New Swedish National League was the name of the unified party. On November 1, 1930 a new party programme was adopted.
The name SNSP was adopted in 1931. Furugård sought to organize meetings with Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels as invited speakers in March 1931; the plans were however foiled as the Stockholm police chief Eric Hallgren refused to issue a permit for the meetings, fearing riots. SNSP held its first party congress in Göteborg April 4–6, 1931. Around a hundred persons participated in the deliberations, including a representative of NSDAP; the political issues to be discussed were prepared by the'Great Council', consisting of the national party leadership and leaders of party districts and branches. Issues on party publications, SA and propaganda were discussed during the congress; the party had wanted to organize an armed SA march through the city, but the local authorities refuse to give their permission for such an activity. Instead a propaganda meeting was held indoors in connection with the party congress, with Lindholm as the key speaker; the party gathered 15,188 votes in the 1932 parliamentary election, but won no seats in the parliament.
The party had fielded candidates in eleven constituencies. Key constituencies for the party were Göteborg and Göteborgs och Bohus län. In the backdrop of the elections, internal dissent over Furugård's lifestyle and management of party finances simmered. In 1933, SNSP underwent a major split. A conflict between Furugård and Lindholm had simmered since 1932; the conflict emerged from a dispute between the Göteborg party branch. Furugård remained close to the Göteborg branch, to some extent he became economically dependent on them. Tension grew between Furugård and Lindholm. On January 13, 1933, Furugård expelled Lindholm and his followers from the party, after a chaotic meeting of the Great Council. In response, Lindholm set up a party of his own, the National Socialist Workers Party on January 14, 1933. Moreover, Lindholm sent out a declaration to the party branches accusing Furugård of corruption; the SA leader, sided with Lindholm. Many younger party members would join Lindholm's party. Following the split, SNSP was nicknamed Furugårdspartiet or Furugårdarna to distinguish the party from Lindholmarna.
In the midst of the split, confusion arose amongst many local branches, which were unsure to which party they would remain affiliated. Some decided to remain independent from both of the two key contenders; the situation was chaotic in Skåne where a number of party branches regrouped as a group of their own, the Swedish National Socialist Unity. Following the split, SNSP and NSAP competed with each other to gain the support and recognition from both the Swedish electorate as well as their German counterparts. NSAP would consolidate its position as the largest National Socialist movement in Sweden. In September 1933, Furugård visited Germany, in a move to ensure continued German support for his party. During this trip, he held his last meeting with Hitler. However, Furugård's request for a 20,000 reichmark donation to SNSP was rejected by the Germans. In October 1933, SNSP suffered yet another split as Furugård and the Party Staff confronted each other. Both declared each other expelled from the party.
Furugård led an expedition of party cadres from Karlstad to Göteborg, to seize properties from the party headquarters. He returned to Karlstad to establish his new headquarters there; the Party Staff regrouped as the Swedish National Socialist Unity Party. The Swedish National Socialist Unity Party would continue to publish Vår Kamp as their party organ; the party obtained some 11,400 votes for SNSP lists in the 1934/1935 municipal elections, another 5,400 votes for joint lists with other National Socialist factions. Around eighty SNSP council members were elected across the country. SNSP held a national meeting in Stockholm in May 1936. SNSP contested the 1936 parliamentary election in alliance with the National Socialist Bloc. In total the SNSP-NSB alliance fielded candidates in twelve constituencies; the election was a backlash for the party, dwarfed by the Lindholm p