Mar Vista, Los Angeles
Mar Vista is a residential and commercial neighborhood on the Westside of Los Angeles, California. It is the home of two private schools, a branch public library and a city park. According to the Mapping L. A. project of the Los Angeles Times, Mar Vista is adjoined on the northeast by Palms, on the east and south by Culver City, on the west by Venice and on the northwest by Santa Monica. Mar Vista's street and other boundaries are: the San Diego Freeway to the Culver City boundary at Venice Boulevard on the northeast, the Culver City line on the southeast, Walgrove Avenue on the southwest and the Santa Monica city boundary on the northwest; the northern apex of the Mar Vista neighborhood is at the San Diego Freeway and National Boulevard and the southern is at Washington Boulevard and Tivoli Avenue. The Zip Code for Mar Vista California is 90066. Relation of Mar Vista to nearby places, not contiguous: The 2000 U. S. census counted 35,492 residents in the 2.9-square-mile Mar Vista neighborhood—an average of 12,259 people per square mile, about the norm for Los Angeles.
The median age for residents was 35, considered the average for Los Angeles. The neighborhood was diverse ethnically, but the percentage of Asian people was high for the county; the breakdown was whites, 51.3%. Mexico and Korea were the most common places of birth for the 33.5% of the residents who were born abroad—considered an average figure for Los Angeles. The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was an average figure for Los Angeles; the average household size of 2.3 people was low for the county. Renters occupied 60.6% of the housing stock and house- or apartment owners held 39.4%. The percentages of never-married men, divorced men and divorced women were among the county's highest; the percentages of veterans who served during World War II or the Korean War were among the county's highest. Cameron Mcnall - Architect and maker of Surveillance Art Neil Denari - Architect Jennifer Steinkamp - Installation artist. Jimmy Fallon - host of Tonight show Belita Moreno- Actress, played Benita Lopez on the George Lopez show.
John Frusciante- musician, most notable for being the guitarist of The Red Hot Chili Peppers, who produced several solo albums, collaborated with other artists. Kevin Tenglin - writer William Basinski - avant-garde composer best known for his work The Disintegration Loops; the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services SPA 5 West Area Health Office serves Mar Vista. The Mar Vista Recreation Center has an auditorium, barbecue pits, an unlighted baseball diamond, lighted indoor basketball courts, lighted outdoor basketball courts, a children's play area, an indoor gymnasium without weights, an outdoor roller hockey rink, an outdoor AstroTurf soccer field, picnic tables, a lighted tennis court, an outdoor pool and a lighted volleyball court; the Los Angeles Fire Department operates Station 62. Los Angeles Police Department operates the Pacific Division Police Station, serving the neighborhood; the Mar Vista Community Council is the city-sanctioned neighborhood council for Mar Vista and other small neighborhoods including Hilltop, North Westdale, others.
Forty-two percent of Mar Vista residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, a high figure for both the city and the county. The percentages of residents of that age with a bachelor's degree or a master's degree were considered high for the county; the schools within Mar Vista are as follows: Windward School, private high school, 11350 Palms Boulevard. Accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges, Windward was founded by writer/teacher Shirley Windward in 1971; the school enrolls 540 students in grades 7 through 12 Mar Vista Elementary School, LAUSD, 3330 Granville Avenue Walgrove Avenue Elementary School, LAUSD, 1630 Walgrove Avenue Beethoven Street Elementary School, LAUSD, 3711 Beethoven Street Mark Twain Middle School, LAUSD, 2224 Walgrove Avenue James J. McBride Special Education Center, LAUSD, 3960 Centinela Avenue Venice Senior High School, LAUSD, 13000 Venice Boulevard, established in 1910 when classes were held in an old lagoon bathhouse two blocks from the beach.
It moved to a new neo-romanesque structure at its present location a decade later. Venice Community Adult School, LAUSD, 13000 Venice Boulevard Phoenix Continuation School, LAUSD, 12971 Zanja Street Grand View Boulevard Elementary School, LAUSD, Summit View / Westside, private, 12101 Washington Boulevard Wildwood School, private K-12, 12201 Washington Boulevard. At the elementary school, Wildwood incorporates multi-age primary classes. For kindergarten and first grade, students learn together in "Pods". There are four pods, each pod contains children mixed together in small class size; the reasoning behind this is that the older children can influence and lead the younger children, starting at a young age. As of 2014 the Wiseburn School District allows parents in Mar Vista to send their children to Wiseburn schools on inter-district transfers. Los Angeles Public Library operates the Mar Vista Branch. Mapping L. A. - Mar Vista
Palms, Los Angeles
Palms is a diverse, densely populated community in the Westside region of Los Angeles, founded in 1886 and the oldest neighborhood annexed to the city, in 1915. The 1886 tract was marketed as an agricultural and vacation community. Today it is a residential area, with a large number of apartment buildings, ribbons of commercial zoning and a single-family residential area in its northwest corner. In Spanish and Mexican days, the area that became Palms was a part of the Rancho La Ballona, where in 1819 Agustín and Ygnacio Machado, along with Felipe Talamantes and his son, Tomás, acquired grazing rights to 14,000 acres of land, it was thenceforth used as grazing land for cattle and sheep. According to Culver City History, a 2001 work by Julie Lugo Cerra, published for the Culver City Unified School District: The family lore relates that Agustín was chosen, by virtue of his skill as a horseman to ride his fastest steed, from dawn until dusk, beginning at the foot of the Playa del Rey hills to claim Rancho La Ballona, or Paso de las Carretas.
It stretched to Pico Boulevard and to what we know as Ince Boulevard, where Rancho Rincón de los Bueyes began. Agustin Machado died in 1865, the same year La Ballona School was constructed to serve all elementary-age children within the Ballona School District. In 1871, Ygnacio Saenz established a general store at the crossing which became Washington Boulevard and Overland Avenue; the store, a way stop on the county road between Los Angeles and the ocean housed the area's first post office. By 1882, the county's electoral district serving Palms was known as Ballona, with voting at La Ballona School. Deke Keasbey, real estate investment specialist for Tierra Properties, has noted that: "The Southern Pacific completed its Los Angeles route in 1883, only three years the Santa Fe finished its Los Angeles spur. With a huge investment in their new coast-to-coast rail lines and large Los Angeles land holdings, the railroads set forth a long-term plan for growth. Southern California citrus. Tourism and the building of towns were promoted to attract investors, to raise land values, to increase the value of railroad shipments".
La Ballona Valley was part of that land rush. In 1882, several Midwestern families chartered a reconditioned freight car and left their homes in Le Mars, Iowa, to settle in the valley, they held their first Sunday school in the old La Ballona School on Washington Boulevard, in fall 1883 they organized a United Brethren Church with 11 members. About that time the valley drew the attention of three speculators – Joseph Curtis, Edward H. Sweetser and C. J. Harrison, they paid $40,000 for 500 acres. They surveyed their land and cut it up, they sold it to the new arrivals, they planted 5,000 trees along eight miles of graded streets. They named it The Palms though they had to bring in palm trees and plant them near the train station, their first tract map was dated December 26, 1886, now considered the birth date of Palms. The site was midway between Los Angeles and Santa Monica on the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad. Before the massive urban growth engendered by the Los Angeles Aqueduct, Palms was located within a farming and ranching area.
The subdividers gave the United Brethren Church $200 in cash to get started. In 1887 the church building was completed, in 1889 the parsonage was built. In 1908 the old chapel was moved to the rear of the lot and new sanctuary built. In 1916 the old parsonage sold and a new one built. A bungalow was added next door to be a Sunday school. Although its exact location has been lost, contemporary sources indicate the existence of a Palms Villa, Palm Villa, or Villa Hotel at least from no than 1890 through 1904, it may have stood on Tabor Street, known as Villa Avenue at the time. The residential development of a vast area west of the Los Angeles city limits brought a pressure for annexation to the city. Noted was, the construction by L. A. of a new outfall sewer that could serve the area and, plans by the city engineer for a flood control project for the La Cienega region. Agitation for annexation was begun by Palms residents, but the reach was extended all the way west to the then-separate city of Sawtelle limits so that municipality could be annexed later.
There were two annexation elections. Both were hard fought; the first, on April 28, 1914, was voted down, according to the Los Angeles Times, "because the people in the suburban territory are afraid of the municipal bond craze, of which the power scheme is the last straw, the threatened burden of extra high taxation." The vote was 387 in 264 against. A new petition was immediately submitted, leaving out all the areas that had voted against annexation. Harry Culver, the founder of Culver City, denounced the new plan as a gerrymander and opposed it, but The Times wrote: "This district comprises some of the richest country between the city and the sea and is directly in the path of the residence expansion westward. Because its growth is inevitable and its population certain to be increased soon, advocates of annexation believe the necessity for securing adequate and permanent water rights is urgent and are working diligently to secure the required two-thirds vote". On June 1, 1914, the annexation succeeded, by a 342–136 vote, on May 4, 1915, Los Angeles voters approved the annexation of the Palms district, as well as that of the extensive San Fernando Vall
Beverly Hills Main Post Office
The old Beverly Hills Main Post Office is a Renaissance Revival building at the Beverly Hills Civic Center in Beverly Hills, California. The building has carried the addresses 469 North Crescent 470 North Canon Drive, it was built as the main post office in the 1930s, remaining a post office until the 1990s, in the 2010s became the Paula Kent Meehan Historic Building of the Wallis Annenberg Center for the Performing Arts. The post office was part of the planning for the Beverly Hills Civic Center in the 1930s, the City of Beverly Hills bought the property from the Pacific Electric Railway Company in 1930 in preparation for the Civic Center; the post office was designed in an Italian Renaissance Revival style by architect Ralph C. Frewelling of Beverly Hills with Allison & Allison as consultants. Built as a WPA project, with Sarver and Zoss of Los Angeles as contractors, the post office opened on April 28, 1934. Though the building was designed with the formal entrance facing north along Santa Monica Boulevard, the railway still owned tracks along the north and south, so the public used the east and west entrances on Crescent Drive and Canon Drive.
In 1960, letter carriers were moved to the Post Office Annex at 325 North Maple Drive, but post office boxes and window service remained. The Main Post Office on Crescent Drive was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1985. In 1990, 325 North Maple Drive was rebuilt as the new Beverly Hills Main Post Office, most services moved out of the old Main on Crescent Drive. In March 1999, the old Main Post Office was closed and its post office boxes moved to Maple Drive; the old Post Office was sold back to the City of Beverly Hills in 1999. The City signed a long-term lease to the Wallis Annenberg Center for the Performing Arts, who named the building the Paula Kent Meehan Historic Building. Beverly Hills Civic Center, of which the building is a part Beverly Hills Post Office, a section of Los Angeles city in this post office's area Wallis Annenberg Center for the Performing Arts, of which the building is now a partList of United States Post Offices
Benedict Canyon, Los Angeles
Benedict Canyon is an area in the Westside of the city of Los Angeles, California near Sherman Oaks northwest of Beverly Hills. Benedict Canyon is a ravine that drops in a north-to-south direction from its high point at the crest line in the Santa Monica Mountains. Rainwater percolating over the ancient strata of all three canyons emerges at their lowest altitude as the springs feeding Franklin's Lake and Creek. A cross-section of the land reveals granite, of volcanic origin, layered between worn river rocks and ocean bottom mud. Benedict Canyon was a part of Rancho de las Aguas, which included present-day Beverly Hills, it was named by Edson A. Benedict, a storekeeper and native of Boonville, who took a homestead in the Canyon in 1868. With help from his wife and sons, E. A. Benedict built an apiary, so bountiful that in one year, they were reported to have made a single shipment of 45,000 pounds of honey from Santa Monica Pier. One of Mr. Benedict's sons, Pierce E. Benedict went on to be elected to the city of Beverly Hills Board of Trustees at the time of its incorporation.
In August 1969, the Tate Murders took place in Cielo Drive. Sharon Tate, Roman Polanski's pregnant wife, four others were killed by followers of Charles Manson at the couple's 10050 Cielo Drive home; the place was renamed 10066 Cielo Drive, the house was razed, another erected in its place. Author and LSD enthusiast Timothy Leary spent the last years of his life in a house in Benedict Canyon, where he died in 1996. Homes range from smaller one story family residences to large properties. Homes are predominantly single-family and owner-occupied, have two or more bedrooms; the median year in which the homes were built is 1960, sales prices range from middle-class affordable, to high-end luxury. Benedict Canyon has a mix of vegetation and growth, endemic to Southern California - oaks and grasses on the lower slopes, chaparral and lupine on the higher hillsides. Along nearby Franklin's Creek can be found sycamores and vines. Evergreens, such as pines, cypresses and eucalyptus, were planted as settlers moved in, built homes and parks.
Vegetation types within the Santa Monica Mountains range from moist coastal canyon bottoms in the Santa Monica Mountains, to desert transitional areas at the headwaters of the Santa Clara River. With the exception of the areas that border the Mojave Desert, all of the vegetation within the zone is influenced by the effects of the Pacific Ocean; the resulting cool, wet winters and hot, dry summers create a Mediterranean-type ecosystem. By far, the dominant vegetation sub-type is chaparral. Chaparral is composed of drought- and fire-tolerant evergreen shrubs that range in height from four to ten feet. Unless subjected to fire, or some other type of disturbance, this plant community is too dense to penetrate. Another unique shrub community to Southern California is sage scrub, which varies between coastal and inland types. Sage scrub vegetation contains fewer stout, woody shrubs, more openings with fine, delicate plants; the expansive valley floors between the mountain ranges were farmed long ago.
They are now developed. The precise former native plant cover of the San Fernando and Santa Clarita Valleys was never adequately recorded, it is suspected. Throughout the zone, over ninety-five percent of the native grasslands have been displaced by foreign invasive plants; the most common riparian woodland species are various willows, coast live oak, California sycamore, Fremont's cottonwood. Less common species that are relics of the last Ice Age include white alder, bigleaf maple, black cottonwood. On slopes, in valleys where rainfall concentrates, groves of evergreen coast live oaks are common throughout Benedict Canyon; these evergreen oaks provide shelter for numerous species of wildlife. Deeper soiled areas in the Santa Susana Mountains, the Simi Hills and the Santa Monica Mountains support the deciduous valley oak. A dispersed tree in the Santa Monica Mountains, to a lesser extent in other ranges, is the California black walnut; the animal population is pretty much the same. Grizzly bears are an exception.
The most common medium and large-sized mammals are coyotes, mule deer, bobcats and skunks. Just away from the urban edge, other predators, such as grey fox, mountain lion, American badger, long-tailed weasel, ringtailed cat, occupy various niches; the ecosystem's top predator, the mountain lion, is present everywhere except the fragmented eastern end of the Santa Monica Mountains that bisects the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Because they fear humans, they are seen. There are numerous prey species—such as rabbits, rats and other rodents. Seven species of hawks, eight species of owls, peregrine falcons, golden eagles, northern harriers, American kestrels, white-tailed kite share in this bounty of prey. Benedict Canyon is part of the Pacific Flyway; as a result, the resident Southern California bird species share company with neo-tropical migrants and other species, such as Canada geese. There are over eight species of lizards; the most common snakes are pacific rattlesnake, gopher snake, California king snake, California striped racer.
The rattlesnake is the only venomous snake in California. They hibernate during the winter; the zone supports five species of frogs, three species of toads
Century City is a 176-acre neighborhood and business district in Los Angeles' Westside. Outside Downtown Los Angeles, Century City is one of the metropolitan area's most prominent employment centers, its skyscrapers form a distinctive skyline on the Westside; the district was developed on the former backlot of film studio 20th Century Fox, its first building was opened in 1963. There are two private schools, but no public schools in the neighborhood. Important to the economy are the Westfield Century City shopping center, business towers, Fox Studios. According to the City of Los Angeles Department of City Planning, Century City constitutes census tract 2679.01. As shown on the map published on the Century City Chamber of Commerce website, Century City is bounded by Santa Monica Boulevard to the north, the city of Beverly Hills to the east, Pico Boulevard to the south, Century Park West to the west; these boundaries correspond with those recognized by the Century City Business Improvement District Association.
Neighboring Century City are Beverly Hills to the east, Cheviot Hills to the south, West Los Angeles to the west, Westwood to the north. The Mapping L. A. project of the Los Angeles Times extends Century City's western boundary to Beverly Glen Boulevard. However, this more expansive definition is not consistent with other L. A. Times reports: a 1999 article sets Century Park West as Century City's western boundary, a 2017 article refers to the neighborhood to the west of Century City as distinct from it. Two specific plans cover the neighborhood: "Century City North Specific Plan for the retail and entertainment functions in Century City," and "Century City South Specific Plan for multi-family homes, office tower and Fox Studios," according to the community plan set forth by the Los Angeles Department of City Planning; the land of Century City belonged to cowboy actor Tom Mix. It became a backlot of 20th Century Fox, which still has its headquarters just to the southwest; the area is named for the 20th Century Fox's Century Property.
In 1956, Spyros Skouras, who served as the President of 20th Century Fox from 1942–62, his nephew-in-law Edmond Herrscher, an attorney sometimes known as "the father of Century City", decided to repurpose the land for real estate development. The following year, in 1957, they commissioned a master-plan development from Welton Becket Associates, unveiled at a major press event on the "western" backlot that year. In 1961, after Fox suffered a string of expensive flops, culminating with the financial strain put on the studio by the expensive production of Cleopatra, the film studio sold about 180 acres to developer William Zeckendorf and Aluminum Co. of America known as Alcoa, for US$300 million. Herrscher had encouraged his uncle-in-law to borrow money instead, but once Skouras refused, he was out of the picture; the new owners conceived Century City as "a city within a city". In 1963, the first building, Gateway West Building, was completed; the next year, in 1964, Minoru Yamasaki designed the Century Plaza Hotel.
Five years in 1969, architects Anthony J. Lumsden and César Pelli designed the Century City Medical Plaza. Much of the shopping center's architecture and style can be seen in numerous sequences in the 1967 Fox film, A Guide for the Married Man, as well as in a sequence in another Fox film of the same year, Caprice. Century City's plaza as it appeared in the early 1970s can be viewed in several scenes of still another Fox film, Conquest of the Planet of the Apes; the following data applies to Century City within the boundaries set by the Mapping L. A. project: The 2000 U. S. census counted 5,513 residents in the 0.70-square-mile Century City neighborhood—or 7,869 people per square mile, an average population density for the city and county. The Southern California Association of Governments estimates that the daytime population amounts to 48,343 on a working day. In 2008, the city estimated that the resident population had increased to 5,934. In 2008, the median age for residents was 46, older than average for the county.
The percentage of residents aged 65 and older was the highest for any neighborhood in Los Angeles County. The percentages of widowed men and women and of divorced men were among the county's highest. Military veterans accounted for 11.9 % of the population, a high rate for the county. The neighborhood was considered "not diverse" ethnically, with a high percentage of white residents; the breakdown was whites, 82.5%. Iran and Canada were the most common places of birth for the 25.5% of the residents who were born abroad—a low percentage, compared to the city at large. The median yearly income in 2014 was a high figure for Los Angeles; the percentage of households that earned $125,000 and up was high for Los Angeles County. The average household size of 1.8 people was low for Los Angeles. Renters occupied 39.6% of the housing stock and apartment owners held 60.4%. Westfield Century City and Fox Studios occupy important acreage in the neighborhood; as of 2016, Westfield Century City is undergoing an $800 million renovation and expansion that aims to maintain the center's status as one of the Westside's premier shopping and entertainment destinations.
One tower, Constellation Place, has the headquarters of Houlihan Lokey, ICM Partners, International Lease Finance Corporation. Crystal Cruises is hea
East Gate Bel Air, Los Angeles
East Gate Bel Air is a small area within the Bel Air section of Los Angeles, California. It is made up of large, old estates developed before World War II; as shown in the “Bel Air First Residential Allotment” map from 1923, the original Bel Air tract of East Gate Old Bel Air founded and opened by Alphonzo E. Bell, Sr. was composed of 128 lots on Bel Air Road and the five roads which branch from it: Saint Pierre, Saint Cloud, Copa De Oro, Nîmes Roads. Though many of these 128 lots have since been combined into single properties, this original 1923 Bel Air allotment is what distinguishes East Gate Old Bel Air from the rest of present day Bel Air, added by Bell starting in 1931 with Stone Canyon, by 1937 Bel Air extended westward all the way to Sepulveda Boulevard. At its southernmost edge, East Gate Old Bel Air flanks the campus of UCLA. At its easternmost edge, it borders Holmby Hills; this combined contiguous area of East Gate Bel Air and Holmby Hills straddles North Beverly Glen Boulevard.
In general, the further one moves west from Saint Pierre Road to West Gate Lower Bel Air and north from Sunset Boulevard up the Santa Monica Mountains to Upper Bel Air, the smaller and the less flat the building lots and the more varied the styles and price ranges of the homes. On the undeveloped hillsides of original Bel Air in 1922, Alphonzo Bell built water and sewage pipes, installed underground electric and telephone lines, planted thousands of trees along winding streets traversing the hilly terrain. Bell refused to sell the original East Gate Old Bel Air allotments to anyone in the film business, though changed his mind on all of Bel Air with the arrival of the Great Depression. A design committee existed to preserve the “architectural harmony” of the community, with restrictions including low masses, horizontal lines, pitched roofs, unobtrusive and harmonious colors, deed restrictions required land purchasers to spend a minimum of $20,000 on home construction
Mandeville Canyon, Los Angeles
Mandeville Canyon is a small community in the Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles. Its center is Mandeville Canyon Road, which begins at Sunset Boulevard and extends north towards Mulholland Drive, though it stops short of Mulholland and there is no automotive route between the two. Mandeville Canyon Road is said to be the longest paved, dead end road in Los Angeles, at over 5 miles. From start to finish, the road gains 1,000 ft in elevation. Prior to the arrival of Spanish Conquistadors, Mandeville Canyon was occupied by two indigenous peoples, the Chumash and the Gabrieleno-Tongva, who inhabited the Santa Monica Mountain. In 1769 Spanish occupation of California began under King Charles III. Shortly thereafter, a group of 60+ monks and soldiers led by Gaspar de Portolà were dispatched to explore the Los Angeles area. In 1781 the city of Los Angeles was founded. King Charles III gave the city several thousand acres of his land. One of the King's soldiers, Francisco Xavier Sepulveda, made a petition to the King for a grant through the Viceroy of Mexico City.
Sepulveda was granted use of the land only. California was ruled by Spain until 1822. In 1839, Francisco Sepúlveda, fifth son of Francisco Xavier, was granted a substantial amount of property - 30,000 acres of “mountains and shore land” by the Governor of the Californias, Juan Alvarado; the property was called the Rancho San Vicente y Santa Monica. However, Sepúlveda petitioned the government of Mexico for confirmation to the title of his property. Sepúlveda and his family became the first known non-sovereign owners of the land and inhabited the property for another 33 years. Rancho San Vicente y Santa Monica included Mandeville Canyon and consisted of all the property above what is now Pico Boulevard out to the ocean, north to the Santa Monica Mountains towards what is now Encino, east along what is now Ventura Boulevard, south down to Pico Boulevard. In 1872, the Sepúlveda family decided to sell their property for $55,000 in gold coin to Colonel Robert S. Baker and his wife Arcadia Bandini de Stearns Baker, who thought it would make an excellent sheep ranch.
The Bakers sold a 3/4 interest in the land in 1874 for $162,000 to silver miner Nevada Senator John P. Jones. Mandeville Canyon at that time was known as Casa Viejo Cañon. An 1881 map using this name shows the Casa Viejo Creek running down the middle of the canyon. Records show; the name Mandeville Canyon first appeared on a map in the early 1900s as “Mandiville Canon.” The origin of the name is unknown. In 1904, Baker and Jones formed the Santa Monica Land & Water Company and sold it to Robert C. Gillis. At the time, Mandeville Canyon’s lush oaks and sycamores and spring-fed creek were reported to be untouched. In 1917, Gillis formed a subsidiary company, the Santa Monica Mountain Park Company, to handle the development of the mountain portion of the land. In 1920, the American Appraisal Company appraised the value of the 260 acres in lower Mandeville at $65,000. From Sullivan Canyon to the San Diego Freeway and from 0.5 miles north of Sunset to Mulholland Drive not including lower Mandeville, the valuation was $253,000.
In the early 1920s, the Los Angeles Athletic Club decided to build a country club community in the Brentwood area. The Riviera Country Club was born, as were some of the homes surrounding the golf course; the L. A. A. C. Built three championship polo fields on the site of what is now Paul Revere. Jr. High School. In the ensuing decades, the Beverly Hills Polo Club, a project of oil magnate Russell E. Havenstrite, gathered crowds for matches every Sunday during polo season at the L. A. A. C. Fields. Polo players such as C. D. LeBlanc and thoroughbred breeders, including Elizabeth Whitney of Kentucky, bought property in Mandeville and Sullivan Canyon and built houses and stables for their ponies. In 1926, the Santa Monica Mountain Park Company sold the block closest to Sunset on Mandeville to the L. A. A. C as an extension of its Riviera property and sold most of Lower Mandeville, from Mandeville Lane to Chalon Road, to Garden Foundation, Inc. To encourage sales of the newly subdivided land, Garden Foundation designed and built an elaborate botanical garden with plantings from all over the world, many of which are still in evidence.
On the slopes surrounding this garden, they hoped to sell homes. Movie stars dedicated many of the special plantings with commemorative plaques. Two ponds were built, one of which surrounded the Japanese house at 1900 Mandeville Canyon Road; the second pond was adjacent to the property at 1888 Mandeville Canyon Road. Development of the botanical garden slowed down during the Great Depression, and, by 1935, all building ceased. Bondholders of Garden Foundation, who held the original pre-depression mortgage of $4,000,000 for the entire 3,500 acres in Mandeville Canyon, restructured as the Garden Land Company and became the new stockholders; the canyon floor was subsequently subdivided as far as the first homes were started. Headquarters and sales offices for the Botanic Garden Park was located at 1727 Mandeville Canyon Road; this address became the home and gardens of the well-known actor Richard Widmark. During the first half of the 1900s, Mandeville Canyon had a reputation as beautiful riding and hiking country, with its spreading oaks, majestic sycamores and new botanic garde