Jeremy William Fredric Smith, better known as Jeremy Irvine, is an English actor who made his film debut in the epic war film War Horse. In 2012, he portrayed Philip "Pip" Pirrip in the film adaptation of Great Expectations. Irvine earned a reputation as a method actor after he went for two months without food, losing around two stone, performed his own torture scene stunts in The Railway Man, he has since starred in The Woman in Black: Angel of Death, portrayed Daniel Grigori in the direct-to-video film adaptation of the young adult novel Fallen. Irvine was born Jeremy William Fredric Smith on 18th June 1990 in Gamlingay, where he was raised, his mother, Bridget Smith, is a Liberal Democrat councillor on the South Cambridgeshire District Council, his father, Chris Smith, is an engineer. He has two younger brothers named Lawrence and Toby, the latter a child actor who portrays the young Pip in Great Expectations. Irvine's stage surname was his grandfather's first name, his great-grandfather, Sir Ralph Lilley Turner, wrote the quotation used as the inscription on London's Gurkha Memorial.
Irvine started acting at the age of 16. He states that it was his drama teacher who inspired him to pursue acting: "I never fitted in, which led me to acting. I was looking for something different." He played Romeo along with other main roles in plays whilst attending Bedford Modern School, followed by a run with the National Youth Theatre. After completing a one-year foundation course at the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art, which he attended with Sam Claflin, Irvine spent two years posting his CV through letterboxes in an effort to get acting work, he gave up acting for good just before he got his big break in War Horse. In an interview with CBS News while promoting Great Expectations, he described this as the lowest point of his life and revealed that he considered taking a different career path: "I'd kind of hit rock bottom and did think this was stupid and I just wasted three or four years of my life. My dad wanted me to get a job being a welder. At the company he was at, he was an engineer.
I was very close to doing that." Before he got his big break, Irvine worked in his local supermarket and did web design. He was called in for an audition to do a mayonnaise commercial but turned it down. Irvine taught at an acting school, he played Luke in the television series Life Bites and appeared in the Royal Shakespeare Company's 2010 production of Dunsinane. He was quoted in Interview Magazine, saying: "My friends all took the mick out of me for Dunsinane saying,'You're gonna be the tree'. Indeed, in my first scene, I was waving two branches."In June 2010, he was cast in the lead role of the 2011 Steven Spielberg film War Horse. The film was an adaption of Michael Morpurgo's novel entitled War Horse. Spielberg revealed that he had been looking for an unknown actor for War Horse, stating: "I looked at hundreds of actors and newcomers for Albert – newcomers – and nobody had the heart, the spirit or the communication skills that Jeremy had." The casting process lasted with Irvine auditioning several times a week.
Irvine was asked to read a section of the War Horse script on camera in order to check his West Country accent. In an attempt to prepare himself for the role of Albert, Irvine took up weight training and gained 14 lbs. of muscle. He underwent two months of intensive horse riding, he spent so much time recreating the Battle of Somme scene in the film that he ended up contracting trench foot. For his work in the film, he was nominated for the London Film Critics' Choice Award for Young British Performer Of The Year and Empire Award for Best Male Newcomer. In April 2011, Variety reported that Irvine had been cast as Pip in a 2012 film adaptation of Great Expectations by Charles Dickens. In October 2011, The Hollywood Reporter announced that he was set to play the young Eric Lomax in the film production of The Railway Man, he starred in the independent film Now Is Good, alongside Dakota Fanning. In January 2013, Variety reported that he was one of three candidates for Tobias Eaton in a film based on the novel Divergent and Peeta Mellark in The Hunger Games, however the studio decided he wasn't a proper fit for either and chose actors who were more well known for the role.
In February 2013 Variety stated that he had been cast in a film based on the novel The World Made Straight. In 2013, he was cast as Daniel Grigori in the film Fallen, based on the young adult series of the same name. On 12 August 2014, Deadline reported that Irvine had been cast as Percy Bysshe Shelley in the up-and-coming biopic Mary Shelley's Monster; the film has been described as "a story of youth that transcends time, a gothic romance, a love triangle that involves a dark passenger." In November 2015, he starred in Don Broco's music video for the song "Nerve". Irvine attended Bedford Modern, as the band's members; the following month, Irvine joined the cast of the upcoming feature film remake of Billionaire Boys Club. In 2018, Irvine portrayed the younger version of Sam Carmichael in the sequel to Mamma Mia!, Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again. In July 2017, Irvine confirmed via his Instagram that he had joined the cast of The Last Full Measure alongside Tommy Hatto and Zach Roerig. Irvine has had diabetes mellitus type 1 since childhood: "When I was six, I was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.
I was on four injections a day, which I administered myself." His two brothers suffer from diabetes. Irvine has been involved in trials with the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation to test an artificial pancreas, a form of automatic glucose meter attached to a portable insulin pump
The Washington Post
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper published in Washington, D. C. with a particular emphasis on national politics and the federal government. It has the largest circulation in the Washington metropolitan area, its slogan "Democracy Dies in Darkness" began appearing on its masthead in 2017. Daily broadsheet editions are printed for the District of Columbia and Virginia; the newspaper has won 47 Pulitzer Prizes. This includes six separate Pulitzers awarded in 2008, second only to The New York Times' seven awards in 2002 for the highest number awarded to a single newspaper in one year. Post journalists have received 18 Nieman Fellowships and 368 White House News Photographers Association awards. In the early 1970s, in the best-known episode in the newspaper's history, reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein led the American press' investigation into what became known as the Watergate scandal, their reporting in The Washington Post contributed to the resignation of President Richard Nixon.
In years since, the Post's investigations have led to increased review of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center. In October 2013, the paper's longtime controlling family, the Graham family, sold the newspaper to Nash Holdings, a holding company established by Jeff Bezos, for $250 million in cash; the Washington Post is regarded as one of the leading daily American newspapers, along with The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, The Wall Street Journal. The Post has distinguished itself through its political reporting on the workings of the White House and other aspects of the U. S. government. Unlike The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post does not print an edition for distribution away from the East Coast. In 2009, the newspaper ceased publication of its National Weekly Edition, which combined stories from the week's print editions, due to shrinking circulation; the majority of its newsprint readership is in the District of Columbia and its suburbs in Maryland and Northern Virginia.
The newspaper is one of a few U. S. newspapers with foreign bureaus, located in Beirut, Beijing, Bogotá, Hong Kong, Jerusalem, London, Mexico City, Nairobi, New Delhi and Tokyo. In November 2009, it announced the closure of its U. S. regional bureaus—Chicago, Los Angeles and New York—as part of an increased focus on "political stories and local news coverage in Washington." The newspaper has local bureaus in Virginia. As of May 2013, its average weekday circulation was 474,767, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations, making it the seventh largest newspaper in the country by circulation, behind USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the Daily News, the New York Post. While its circulation has been slipping, it has one of the highest market-penetration rates of any metropolitan news daily. For many decades, the Post had its main office at 1150 15th Street NW; this real estate remained with Graham Holdings when the newspaper was sold to Jeff Bezos' Nash Holdings in 2013.
Graham Holdings sold 1150 15th Street for US$159 million in November 2013. The Washington Post continued to lease space at 1150 L Street NW. In May 2014, The Washington Post leased the west tower of One Franklin Square, a high-rise building at 1301 K Street NW in Washington, D. C; the newspaper moved into their new offices December 14, 2015. The Post has its own exclusive zip code, 20071. Arc Publishing is a department of the Post, which provides the publishing system, software for news organizations such as the Chicago Tribune and the Los Angeles Times; the newspaper was founded in 1877 by Stilson Hutchins and in 1880 added a Sunday edition, becoming the city's first newspaper to publish seven days a week. In 1889, Hutchins sold the newspaper to Frank Hatton, a former Postmaster General, Beriah Wilkins, a former Democratic congressman from Ohio. To promote the newspaper, the new owners requested the leader of the United States Marine Band, John Philip Sousa, to compose a march for the newspaper's essay contest awards ceremony.
Sousa composed "The Washington Post". It became the standard music to accompany the two-step, a late 19th-century dance craze, remains one of Sousa's best-known works. In 1893, the newspaper moved to a building at 14th and E streets NW, where it would remain until 1950; this building combined all functions of the newspaper into one headquarters – newsroom, advertising and printing – that ran 24 hours per day. In 1898, during the Spanish–American War, the Post printed Clifford K. Berryman's classic illustration Remember the Maine, which became the battle-cry for American sailors during the War. In 1902, Berryman published another famous cartoon in the Post—Drawing the Line in Mississippi; this cartoon depicts President Theodore Roosevelt showing compassion for a small bear cub and inspired New York store owner Morris Michtom to create the teddy bear. Wilkins acquired Hatton's share of the newspaper in 1894 at Hatton's death. After Wilkins' death in 1903, his sons John and Robert ran the Post for two years before selling it in 1905 to John Roll McLean, owner of the Cincinnati Enquirer.
During the Wilson presidency, the Post was credited with the "most famous newspaper typo" in D. C. history according to Reason magazine. When John McLean died in 1916, he put the newspap
Stephen Susco is an American screenwriter and director. He is best known for writing horror films such as The Grudge, The Grudge 2, Texas Chainsaw 3D, his directorial debut film, Unfriended: Dark Web, had its premiere at SXSW on March 9, 2018. Susco graduated from the University of Notre Dame in 1995, from USC School of Cinema-Television in 1999, he appears as a character in Jonathan Maberry's Ghost Road Blues trilogy, alongside Ken Foree, Jim O'Rear, Tom Savini, Debbie Rochon. Susco wrote the 2008 film Red and he wrote Texas Chainsaw 3D, which released in 2013 by Lionsgate, he wrote. He co-wrote and co-produced the Adrien Brody film, High School. In 2018, his directorial debut film, Unfriended: Dark Web premiered at SXSW on March 9. Susco married author Bridget Foley in 2005, they have two children. Stephen Susco on IMDb
Mercedes-Benz G63 AMG 6x6
Mercedes-Benz G63 AMG 6×6 is an SUT manufactured by Mercedes-Benz. An SUT derivative of the six wheel drive Mercedes Geländewagen developed for the Australian Army from 2007, at the time it was the company's largest and second most expensive street-legal offroad vehicle, it was manufactured from 2013 to 2015 by Magna Steyr in Austria. It combines the engine from the G63, a twin-turbo V-8, with 6x6 portal axles, a pick-up version of the G-Class body, a luxury interior, it was produced from 2013 with production exceeding 100 vehicles. The G63 AMG 6×6 features six-wheel drive running on 5.5L, 536-hp, 561-lb-ft twin-turbo DOHC 32-valve V-8 AMG engine. The G63 AMG 6×6 is fitted with Mercedes' 7G-tronic seven-speed automatic transmission. An extra shaft delivers power to the rearmost axle; the vehicle has five electronic differential locks, which can deliver 100% lockup of all six wheels, operated by three switches on the dashboard. The G63 AMG 6×6 is 5875 mm in length, 2110 mm in width and 2210 mm in height, having ground clearance of 460 mm and fording depth at 1000 mm.
It has arch axles similar to those fitted on Unimog vehicles. The vehicle is installed with 18-inch beadlock wheels wrapped with gummy 37-inch tires, 4196-mm wheelbase has 4105 kg of curb weight; the G63 AMG 6×6 can deliver 0–60 MPH in 7.8 seconds with a top speed limited to 100 MPH. The G63 AMG 6x6 features a compressor which allows it to reduce or increase tyre pressure in order to adapt the traction to the driving surface in desertlike environments. Therefore, the compressor fills four containers with 20 litres each to allow fast inflation of the tyres; this makes it possible to change from sandy deserts to regular streets in less than twenty seconds. The G63 AMG 6×6 was launched in early 2013; the company decided to stop sales of the car and declared the model sold out in early 2015 to maintain the model's exclusivity. Mercedes-Benz managed to sell more units of the G63 AMG 6×6 than anticipated; the last customer delivery of the G63 AMG 6×6 left the G-Class factory in Graz, Austria in May 2015.
In 2015, Mercedes-Benz introduced a limited 15 units RHD version of Brabus 6×6 for the Malaysian market. They are only available for the Malaysian market and were bought by Naza World, one of the largest automotive conglomerates company in Malaysia, they come with a price tag of RM3,214,119. The vehicle appears in the 2014 movie Beyond the Reach and is featured in the 2015 film Jurassic World and Grand Theft Auto V called Dubsta 6x6. Mercedes-AMG G65 Mercedes-Benz G500 4×4² Media related to Category:Mercedes-Benz W463 G 63 AMG 6x6 at Wikimedia Commons $615,000 Mercedes-Benz G63 AMG 6x6 is rolling and rumbling its way through New York
Principal photography is the phase of film production in which the bulk of the movie is filmed, with actors on set and cameras rolling, as distinct from pre-production and post-production. Principal photography is the most expensive phase of film production, due to actor and set crew salaries, as well as the costs of certain shots, on-set special effects, its start marks a point of no return for the financiers, because until it is complete, there is unlikely to be enough material filmed to release a final product needed to recoup costs. While it is common for a film to lose its greenlight status during pre-production – for example, because an important cast member drops out or unexpectedly dies, or some kind of scandal engulfs the studio or an actor – it is uncommon for financing to be withdrawn once principal photography has begun. Feature films have insurance in place by the time principal photography begins; the death of a bankable star before completing all planned takes, or the loss of sets or footage can render a film impossible to complete as planned.
For example, sets are notoriously flammable. Furthermore, professional-quality movie cameras are rented as needed, most camera houses will not allow rentals of their equipment without proof of insurance. Once a film concludes principal photography, it is said to have wrapped, a wrap party may be organized to celebrate. During post-production, it may become clear that certain shots or sequences are missing or incomplete and are required to complete the film, or that a certain scene is not playing as expected, or as seen in the late stages of filming The Hate U Give, that a particular actor's performance or behavior has not turned out as desired, causing him or her to be replaced with another. In these circumstances, additional material may have to be shot. If the material has been shot once, or is substantial, the process is referred to as a re-shoot, but if the material is new and minor, it is referred to as a pick-up. Learning materials related to Filmmaking at Wikiversity Media related to Filmmaking at Wikimedia Commons
Thriller film known as suspense film or suspense thriller, is a broad film genre that involves excitement and suspense in the audience. The suspense element, found in most films' plots, is exploited by the filmmaker in this genre. Tension is created by delaying what the audience sees as inevitable, is built through situations that are menacing or where escape seems impossible; the cover-up of important information from the viewer, fight and chase scenes are common methods. Life is threatened in thriller film, such as when the protagonist does not realize that they are entering a dangerous situation. Thriller films' characters conflict with each other or with an outside force, which can sometimes be abstract; the protagonist is set against a problem, such as an escape, a mission, or a mystery. Thriller films are hybridized with other genres. Thriller films share a close relationship with horror films, both eliciting tension. In plots about crime, thriller films focus less on the criminal or the detective and more on generating suspense.
Common themes include, political conspiracy and romantic triangles leading to murder. In 2001, the American Film Institute made its selection of the top 100 greatest American "heart-pounding" and "adrenaline-inducing" films of all time; the 400 nominated films had to be American-made films whose thrills have "enlivened and enriched America's film heritage". AFI asked jurors to consider "the total adrenaline-inducing impact of a film's artistry and craft". One of the earliest thriller films was Harold Lloyd's comedy Safety Last!, with a character performing a daredevil stunt on the side of a skyscraper. Alfred Hitchcock's first thriller was his third silent film, The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog, a suspenseful Jack the Ripper story, his next thriller was Blackmail and Britain's first sound film. His notable 1930s thrillers include The Man Who Knew Too Much, The 39 Steps and The Lady Vanishes, the latter two ranked among the greatest British films of the 20th century. One of the earliest spy films was Fritz Lang's Spies, the director's first independent production, with an anarchist international conspirator and criminal spy character named Haghi, pursued by good-guy Agent No. 326 —this film would be an inspiration for the future James Bond films.
The German film M, directed by Fritz Lang, starred Peter Lorre as a criminal deviant who preys on children. Hitchcock continued his suspense-thrillers, directing Foreign Correspondent, the Oscar-winning Rebecca, Suspicion and Shadow of a Doubt, Hitchcock's own personal favorite. Notable non-Hitchcock films of the 1940s include The Spiral Sorry, Wrong Number. In the late 1940s, Hitchcock added Technicolor to his thrillers, now with exotic locales. Hitchcock's first Technicolor film was Rope, he reached the zenith of his career with a succession of classic films such as, Strangers on a Train, Dial M For Murder with Ray Milland, Rear Window and Vertigo. Non-Hitchcock thrillers of the 1950s include The Night of the Hunter —Charles Laughton's only film as director—and Orson Welles's crime thriller Touch of Evil. Director Michael Powell's Peeping Tom featured Carl Boehm as a psychopathic cameraman. After Hitchcock's classic films of the 1950s, he produced Psycho about a lonely, mother-fixated motel owner and taxidermist.
J. Lee Thompson's Cape Fear, with Robert Mitchum, had a menacing ex-con seeking revenge. A famous thriller at the time of its release was Wait Until Dark by director Terence Young, with Audrey Hepburn as a victimized blind woman in her Manhattan apartment; the 1970s saw an increase of violence in the thriller genre, beginning with Canadian director Ted Kotcheff's Wake in Fright, which completely overlapped with the horror genre, Frenzy, Hitchcock's first British film in two decades, given an R rating for its vicious and explicit strangulation scene. One of the first films about a fan's being disturbingly obsessed with their idol was Clint Eastwood's directorial debut, Play Misty for Me, about a California disc jockey pursued by a disturbed female listener. John Boorman's Deliverance followed the perilous fate of four Southern businessmen during a weekend's trip. In Francis Ford Coppola's The Conversation, a bugging-device expert systematically uncovered a covert murder while he himself was being spied upon.
Alan Pakula's The Parallax View told of a conspiracy, led by the Parallax Corporation, surrounding the assassination of a presidential-candidate US Senator, witnessed by investigative reporter Joseph Frady. Peter Hyam's science fiction thriller Capricorn One proposed a government conspiracy to fake the first mission to Mars. Brian De Palma had themes of guilt, voyeurism and obsession in his films, as well as such plot elements as killing off a main character early on, switching points of view, dream-like sequences, his notable films include Sisters. In the early 1990s, thrillers had recurring elements of obsession and trapped protagonists who must find a way to escape the clutches of the villain—these devices influenced a number of thrillers in the following years. Rob Reiner's Misery, based on a book by Stephen King, featured Kath
Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper, published in Los Angeles, since 1881. It has the fourth-largest circulation among United States newspapers, is the largest U. S. newspaper not headquartered on the East Coast. The paper is known for its coverage of issues salient to the U. S. West Coast, such as immigration trends and natural disasters, it has won more than 40 Pulitzer Prizes for its coverage of other issues. As of June 18, 2018, ownership of the paper is controlled by Patrick Soon-Shiong, the executive editor is Norman Pearlstine. In the nineteenth century, the paper was known for its civic boosterism and opposition to unions, the latter of which led to the bombing of its headquarters in 1910; the paper's profile grew in the 1960s under publisher Otis Chandler, who adopted a more national focus. In recent decades, the paper's readership has declined and it has been beset by a series of ownership changes, staff reductions, other controversies. In January 2018, the paper's staff voted to unionize, in July 2018 the paper moved out of its historic downtown headquarters to a facility near Los Angeles International Airport.
The Times was first published on December 4, 1881, as the Los Angeles Daily Times under the direction of Nathan Cole Jr. and Thomas Gardiner. It was first printed at the Mirror printing plant, owned by Jesse Yarnell and T. J. Caystile. Unable to pay the printing bill and Gardiner turned the paper over to the Mirror Company. In the meantime, S. J. Mathes had joined the firm, it was at his insistence that the Times continued publication. In July 1882, Harrison Gray Otis moved from Santa Barbara to become the paper's editor. Otis made the Times a financial success. Historian Kevin Starr wrote that Otis was a businessman "capable of manipulating the entire apparatus of politics and public opinion for his own enrichment". Otis's editorial policy was based on civic boosterism, extolling the virtues of Los Angeles and promoting its growth. Toward those ends, the paper supported efforts to expand the city's water supply by acquiring the rights to the water supply of the distant Owens Valley; the efforts of the Times to fight local unions led to the October 1, 1910 bombing of its headquarters, killing twenty-one people.
Two union leaders and Joseph McNamara, were charged. The American Federation of Labor hired noted trial attorney Clarence Darrow to represent the brothers, who pleaded guilty. Otis fastened a bronze eagle on top of a high frieze of the new Times headquarters building designed by Gordon Kaufmann, proclaiming anew the credo written by his wife, Eliza: "Stand Fast, Stand Firm, Stand Sure, Stand True." Upon Otis's death in 1917, his son-in-law, Harry Chandler, took control as publisher of the Times. Harry Chandler was succeeded in 1944 by his son, Norman Chandler, who ran the paper during the rapid growth of post-war Los Angeles. Norman's wife, Dorothy Buffum Chandler, became active in civic affairs and led the effort to build the Los Angeles Music Center, whose main concert hall was named the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in her honor. Family members are buried at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery near Paramount Studios; the site includes a memorial to the Times Building bombing victims. The fourth generation of family publishers, Otis Chandler, held that position from 1960 to 1980.
Otis Chandler sought legitimacy and recognition for his family's paper forgotten in the power centers of the Northeastern United States due to its geographic and cultural distance. He sought to remake the paper in the model of the nation's most respected newspapers, notably The New York Times and The Washington Post. Believing that the newsroom was "the heartbeat of the business", Otis Chandler increased the size and pay of the reporting staff and expanded its national and international reporting. In 1962, the paper joined with The Washington Post to form the Los Angeles Times–Washington Post News Service to syndicate articles from both papers for other news organizations, he toned down the unyielding conservatism that had characterized the paper over the years, adopting a much more centrist editorial stance. During the 1960s, the paper won four Pulitzer Prizes, more than its previous nine decades combined. Writing in 2013 about the pattern of newspaper ownership by founding families, Times reporter Michael Hiltzik said that: The first generations bought or founded their local paper for profits and social and political influence.
Their children enjoyed both profits and influence, but as the families grew larger, the generations found that only one or two branches got the power, everyone else got a share of the money. The coupon-clipping branches realized that they could make more money investing in something other than newspapers. Under their pressure the companies split apart, or disappeared. That's the pattern followed over more than a century by the Los Angeles Times under the Chandler family; the paper's early history and subsequent transformation was chronicled in an unauthorized history Thinking Big, was one of four organizations profiled by David Halberstam in The Powers That Be. It has been the whole or partial subject of nearly thirty dissertations in communications or social science in the past four decades; the Los Angeles Times began a decline with Los Angeles itself with the decline in military production at the end of the Cold War. It faced hiring freezes in 1991-1992. Another major decision at the same time was to cut the range of circulation.
They cut circulation in California's Central Valley, Nevada and the San Diego ed