M. T. Vasudevan Nair
Madath Thekkepaattu Vasudevan Nair, popularly known as MT, is an Indian author, screenplay writer and film director. He is a prolific and versatile writer in modern Malayalam literature, is one of the masters of post-Independence Indian literature, he was born in Kudallur, a small village in the present day Pattambi Taluk, Palakkad district, under the Malabar District in the Madras Presidency of the British Raj. He shot into fame at the age of 20 when, as a chemistry undergraduate, he won the prize for the best short story in Malayalam at World Short Story Competition conducted by The New York Herald Tribune, his debut novel Naalukettu, wrote at the age of 23, won the Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award in 1958. His other novels include Manju, Kaalam and Randamoozham; the deep emotional experiences of his early days have gone into the making of MT's novels. Most of his works are oriented towards the basic Malayalam family structure and culture and many of them were path-breaking in the history of Malayalam literature.
His three seminal novels on life in the matriarchal family in Kerala are Naalukettu and Kaalam. Randamoozham, which retells the story of the Mahabharatha from the point of view of Bhimasena, is credited as his masterpiece. M. T. Vasudevan Nair is a script director of Malayalam films, he has written the screenplay for around 54 films. He won the National Film Award for Best Screenplay four times for: Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha, Kadavu and Parinayam, the most by anyone in the screenplay category, he was awarded the highest literary award in India, Jnanpith, in 1995 for his overall contribution to Malayalam literature. In 2005, India's third highest civilian honour Padma Bhushan was awarded to him, he has won numerous other awards and recognition including Sahitya Akademi Award, Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award, Vayalar Award, Vallathol Award, Ezhuthachan Award and Mathrubhumi Literary Award. He was awarded the J. C. Daniel Award for lifetime achievement in Malayalam cinema for the year 2013, he served as the editor of Mathrubhumi Illustrated Weekly for several years.
Vasudevan was born on 9 August 1933 in Kudallur in the present day Palakkad district. He was the youngest of four children born to T. Narayanan Ammalu Amma, his father was in Ceylon and he spent his early days in Kudallur and in his father's house in Punnayurkulam, a village in the present day Thrissur district. He completed his schooling from Kumaranelloor High School, he had to break education after high school, when he joined college in 1949, he was advised to opt for the science stream as it was felt that a degree in science secured a job faster than any other degree. He obtained a degree in chemistry from Victoria College, Palakkad in 1953, he taught mathematics in Pattambi Board High School and Chavakkad Board High School for over a year and worked in M. B. Tutorial College, Palakkad during 1955–56, he worked as a gramasevakan at a block development office in Taliparamba, Kannur for a few weeks before joining Mathrubhumi Weekly as subeditor in 1957. MT has been married twice, he married writer and translator Prameela in 1965.
They separated after 11 years of marriage. He has a daughter from this marriage, who works as a business executive in the United States. In 1977 he married dance artist Kalamandalam Saraswathy with whom he has a daughter, dancer Aswathy Nair. MT resides in Sithara, Kottaram Road, named after his eldest daughter. MT began writing at a young age, inspired by his elder brothers who wrote time and again in several literary journals and poet Akkitham Achuthan Namboothiri, his senior at high school, he wrote poems but soon changed to prose writing. His first published work was an essay on the diamond industry of ancient India, titled "Pracheenabharathathile Vaira Vyavasayam", which appeared in Keralakshemam, a biweekly published by C. G. Nair from Guruvayoor, his first story "Vishuvaghosham" was published in Madras-based Chitrakeralam magazine in 1948. The story which explores the feelings of a boy too poor to have crackers of his own, as he stands listening to the sounds of crackers coming from the houses of the rich celebrating the new year festival of Vishu: an overwhelming sense of loss, the painful realization that this is the way things are and the way they're to stay.
His first book, Raktham Puranda Manaltharikal was published in 1952. MT's first literary prize came to him while he was a student at Victoria College, Palakkad - his short story "Valarthumrigangal" won first prize in the World Short Story Competition conducted by The New York Herald Tribune, Hindustan Times and Mathrubhumi in 1954, it was a short story delineating the pathetic plight of the artists in circus. The numerous stories which followed dealt with themes culled from different milieus and contexts but were uniformly successful and popular; the noted collections of his stories are Iruttinte Athmavu, Olavum Theeravum, Varikkuzhi, Dare-e-Salam, Swargam Thurakkunna Samayam and Sherlock. "Iruttinte Athmavu", one of the most celebrated among his short stories, is the heart wrenching story of a 21-year-old man, regarded as a lunatic by everyone and treated abominably. The story reveals the insanity behind the civilised and sane world; the story "Sherlock" moves between the rural milieu familiar to MT's readers and the sophisticated world of Indian immigrants in the US, highlighting the contrast between them with subtle irony.
MT wrote passionately of the cruelty
One Way Ticket (2008 film)
One Way Ticket is a 2008 Malayalam film by Bipin Prabhakar starring Prithviraj Sukumaran and Bhama in lead roles and Mammootty in a cameo appearance. Kunjappu aka Jahangir is a jeep-driver, a die-hard fan of Mammootty and is the General Secretary of the Malappuram District unit of the Mammootty Fans’ Association, his family consists of three sisters, two of whom are married. They all want to see Kunjappu married and so a marriage-broker named Beeran is behind him in finding a match for Kunjappu. Kunjappu has an uncle who keeps a distance from his family, he has a young daughter called Sajira. To irritate this uncle, Kunjappu always goes about saying; the uncle takes it and to prevent this from happening, he helps Beeran find more and more girls for Kunjappu, but he rejects all the proposals brought by Beeran. In the meantime Kunjappu goes to attend a wedding and there he sees a girl called Raziya singing the Oppana, he tells his family that he is in love with Raziya, that he intends to marry her.
His uncle is happy. Preparations for the marriage begins, and one day Kunjappu goes to Raziya’s college to meet her. And there he learns that it Raziya is the girl he fell in love was Sunanda. Sunanda has an uncle named Karunakaran Ezhuthachchan, he and his son Sasi intend to grab Sunanda’s property and assets. Situations become worse from there and the Super star Mammootty himself, had to intervene to solve the issues. Prithviraj Sukumaran - Jahangir a.k.a. Kunjappu Bhama - Sunanda Balachandran Chullikadu - Balan Master Mammootty - Himself Nishanth Sagar - Bhadran Govindankutty Jaffer Idukki as Chandran Aniyappan as Murali Jagadish - Salahudeen Salim Kumar - Sakkath Beeran Tini Tom - Chandran Manianpilla Raju Sadiq Prajod Kalabhavan Radhika - Sajira Jagathy Sreekumar - Bava Haji Minu Kurian - Bava Haji's Wife Thilakan - Karunakaran Ezhuthachan Ambika Mohan - Sunanda's mother, Maya Viswanath Lakshmipriya - Zeenath Manjusha Sathish - Amina Deepika Mohan One Way Ticket on IMDb One Way Ticket Preview on IndiaGlitz One Way Ticket on Nowrunning.com
Kannada is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India in the state of Karnataka, by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and abroad. The language has 43.7 million native speakers, who are called Kannadigas. Kannada is spoken as a second and third language by over 12.9 million non-Kannada speakers living in Karnataka, which adds up to 56.6 million speakers. It is one of the scheduled languages of India and the official and administrative language of the state of Karnataka; the Kannada language is written using the Kannada script, which evolved from the 5th-century Kadamba script. Kannada is attested epigraphically for about one and a half millennia, literary Old Kannada flourished in the 6th-century Ganga dynasty and during the 9th-century Rashtrakuta Dynasty. Kannada has an unbroken literary history of over a thousand years. Kannada literature has been presented with 8 Jnanapith awards, the most for any Dravidian language and the second highest for any Indian language.
Based on the recommendations of the Committee of Linguistic Experts, appointed by the ministry of culture, the government of India designated Kannada a classical language of India. In July 2011, a center for the study of classical Kannada was established as part of the Central Institute of Indian Languages at Mysore to facilitate research related to the language. Kannada is a Southern Dravidian language, according to Dravidian scholar Sanford B. Steever, its history can be conventionally divided into three periods: Old Kannada from 450–1200 CE, Middle Kannada from 1200–1700, Modern Kannada from 1700 to the present. Kannada is influenced to an appreciable extent by Sanskrit. Influences of other languages such as Prakrit and Pali can be found in the Kannada language; the scholar Iravatham Mahadevan indicated that Kannada was a language of rich oral tradition earlier than the 3rd century BCE, based on the native Kannada words found in Prakrit inscriptions of that period, Kannada must have been spoken by a widespread and stable population.
The scholar K. V. Narayana claims that many tribal languages which are now designated as Kannada dialects could be nearer to the earlier form of the language, with lesser influence from other languages; the sources of influence on literary Kannada grammar appear to be three-fold: Pāṇini's grammar, non-Paninian schools of Sanskrit grammar Katantra and Sakatayana schools, Prakrit grammar. Literary Prakrit seems to have prevailed in Karnataka since ancient times; the vernacular Prakrit speaking people may have come into contact with Kannada speakers, thus influencing their language before Kannada was used for administrative or liturgical purposes. Kannada phonetics, vocabulary and syntax show significant influence from these languages; some naturalised words of Prakrit origin in Kannada are: baṇṇa derived from vaṇṇa, hunnime from puṇṇivā. Examples of naturalized Sanskrit words in Kannada are: varṇa, arasu from rajan, paurṇimā, rāya from rāja. Like the other Dravidian languages Kannada has borrowed words such as dina, surya, nimiṣa and anna.
Purava HaleGannada: This Kannada term translated means "Previous form of Old Kannada" was the language of Banavasi in the early Common Era, the Satavahana, Chutu Satakarni and Kadamba periods and thus has a history of over 2500 years. The Ashoka rock edict found at Brahmagiri has been suggested to contain words in identifiable Kannada. According to Jain tradition, the daughter of Rishabhadeva, the first Tirthankara of Jainism, invented 18 alphabets, including Kannada, which points to the antiquity of the language. Supporting this tradition, an inscription of about the 9th century CE, containing specimens of different alphabets Dravidian, was discovered in a Jain temple in the Deogarh fort. In some 3rd–1st century BCE Tamil inscriptions, words of Kannada influence such as'nalliyooraa','kavuDi' and posil' have been introduced; the use of the vowel a' as an adjective is not prevalent in Tamil but its usage is available in Kannada. Kannada words such as'gouDi-gavuDi' transform into Tamil's kavuDi' for lack of the usage of Ghosha svana in Tamil.
Hence the Kannada word'gavuDi' becomes'kavuDi' in Tamil.'Posil' was introduced into Tamil from Kannada and colloquial Tamil uses this word as'Vaayil'. In a 1st-century CE Tamil inscription, there is a personal reference to ayjayya', a word of Kannada origin. In a 3rd-century CE Tamil inscription there is usage of'oppanappa vIran'. Here the honorific'appa' to a person's name is an influence from Kannada. Another word of Kannada origin is found in a 4th-century CE Tamil inscription. S. Settar studied the'sittanvAsal' inscription of first century CE as the inscriptions at'tirupparamkunram','adakala' and'neDanUpatti'; the inscriptions were studied in detail by Iravatham Mahadevan also. Mahadevan argues that the words'erumi','kavuDi','poshil' and'tAyiyar' have their origin in Kannada because Tamil cognates are not available. Settar adds the words'nADu' and'iLayar' to this list. Mahadevan feels that some grammatical categories found in these inscriptions are unique to Kannada rather than Tamil. Both these scholars attribute these influences to the movements and spread of Jainas in these regions.
These inscriptions belong to the period between the first century BCE and fourth century CE. These are some examples that are proof of the early usage of a few Kannada origin words in early Tamil inscriptions before the common era and in the
Swapnangalil Haisal Mary
Swapnangalil Haisal Mary is an unreleased Malayalam film directed by George Kithu. The film stars Bhama in the lead roles; the film is about Mary's dreams. The film was made in 2009. Mukesh Bhama as Hazel Mary Thilakan as Father Puthusserry Jagathy Sreekumar as Charlie Manikuttan as Joy Hasilal as Krishnankutty Vineeth Kumar Rashmi Varma Valsala Menon Vinay Fort as Kiran Vinayakan as Muthalamada Martin http://www.nowrunning.com/movie/5158/malayalam/swapnangalil-haisal-mary/index.htm http://popcorn.oneindia.in/title/1502/swapnangalil-haisal-mary.html
Johny Antony is an Indian film director known for his comedy films in Malayalam cinema. He is from Changanassery in Kerala, he worked for about a decade as an associate to directors Thulasidas, Taha and Jose Thomas. Antony made his directorial debut with the slapstick comedy C. I. D. Moosa in 2003. Inspector Garud, with Dileep and Kavya Madhavan in lead roles, followed next. In 2008, he directed Cycle, a movie starring Vineeth Sreenivasan, Vinu Mohan and Sandhya. In 2009, he directed Ee Pattanathil Bhootham, a movie starring Mammootty, Kavya Madhavan, Innocent. In 2012, he directed two films, one being Masters, a movie starring Prithviraj, Pia Bajpai, Ananya, the other being Thappana, a movie starring Mammootty, Murali Gopy, Charmy Kaur
Ramanujan is a 2014 biographical film based on the life of renowned Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. The film and directed by Gnana Rajasekaran, was shot back to back in the Tamil and English languages. Ramanujan was produced by the independent Indian production house Camphor Cinema; the cast consists of Indian and British film and screen personalities. It marks the film debut of Abhinay Vaddi, the grandson of veteran Tamil film actors Gemini Ganesan and Savitri, as the protagonist. Set in the early 1900s, the film traces the life of the prodigious math genius Srinivasa Ramanujan from the time he was a young Tamil Brahmin to his years in England, where he attended Cambridge University during World War I; the film follows his relationships with his mother Komalatammal, his wife Janaki, his collaborator Professor G. H. Hardy; the film showcases how Indian society viewed a mathematician of such great stature. Music Ramesh Vinayakam Production Designer: P. Krishnamurthy Costume Designer: Sakunthala Rajasekaran Sound Designer: Laxmi Narayan Assistant Scriptwriters: Roxane de Rouen & Sindhu Rajasekaran Production Managers: V. Vishwanathan & K.
S. Venkatesh Lyricist: Vaali Gnana Rajasekaran looked for an actor, who would physically resemble Ramanujan and signed Abhinay Vaddi for the main role, the grandson of veteran Tamil actor Gemini Ganesan. Michael Lieber was signed to play Edensor Littlewood. Lieber confessed he had no knowledge of Ramanujan, when he signed the film, went as far as to meet Béla Bollobás, who worked with Littlewood for his research work, he found it difficult to speak the Tamil lines, but appreciated it on, "I would be lying if I said that the task of learning Tamil was not daunting at first, but once I got the hang of it I was able to appreciate what a beautiful language it is. There were many different ways of learning the Tamil lines. I learnt the meaning of the words and memorised chunks of dialogue." Kevin McGowan, signed for the role of G. H. Hardy, was unfamiliar with the story of Ramanujan; the film stars Bhama, Suhasini Maniratnam and Richard Walsh amongst others. Sunny Joseph, best known for his high-profile Malayalam works with directors Adoor Gopalakrishnan and Shaji N. Karun, was signed as cinematographer.
The film has been shot in the five main locations of Ramanujan's life, Namakkal, Chennai and Cambridge. The first two schedules were shot in India while the third was done in England, where they took the permission of Cambridge University to shoot; the task to create a script in multiple languages was described by Sindhu Rajasekaran as "quite a chore. Roxane de Rouen and I are working with Gnana Rajasekaran, the director of ‘Ramanujan,’ to make the characters speak words that make them real. No, you wouldn't find roadside urchins. What a delight it is to live in this world where languages are not borders, but an element to experiment with..." The film's soundtrack and score were composed by Ramesh Vinayakam. Vinayakam called it an honour to have composed music for the film and "an opportunity for me to travel on a new path" and added that he was given the required creative freedom by the director and producer, he said that he had to go classical for one part of the film and into European sounds for another segment.
No modern instruments, but old world instruments were used in order to bring the period alive, while four orchestral pieces were recorded in Germany, where the composer worked with the Stuttgart-based GermanPops Orchestra that has worked on contemporary and classical styles. Being a film about a mathematician, the songs were related to mathematical terms as well. Poet Vaali had written a number, "Narayana Narayana", said to "incorporate the idea of infinity and nothingness", while another number, written by Thirumalisai Alvar thousands of years ago, "stresses that numbers are absolute". One of the instrumental tracks, "One to Zero" was described as a "musical metaphor" as it was based on the numbers, with Vinayakam explaining, "One is represented by one note, two by two notes and so on, while zero is represented by a rest. After the initial exposition, at any point of time, three of these layers criss-cross each other from a distance of one beat from each other". "Narayana" was sung by Vani Jayaram, who said that she was surprised that she was given a song whose pitch was less than what she sings in but came to know that, in the days of Ramanujan, people only sang in that pitch.
The soundtrack album of Ramanujan was released at the Suryan FM radio station in Chennai on 13 June 2014. The album, which features eight tracks, including four songs and four instrumentals, was praised by critics. Indiaglitz in its review wrote, "Ramesh Vinayakam was always there and thereabouts with his wonderful albums in the past. With this album he has struck the right chords towards his name once again; this must be the break he's been looking for years". Musicaloud.com gave it a score of 9 out of 10 and wrote, "Ramesh Vinayakam expertly draws from Carnatic and Western classical styles to produce one of the finest period film soundtracks ever". Behindwoods.com gave it 3 stars out of 5 and wrote, "Ramanujan enthralls the listener by transporting them to a bygone era of classical music". Ramanujan was named by Deccan Music and Milliblog as the best Tamil music album of the year 2014; the film received mixed reviews from critics, who praised the acting but criticized the writing. The Deccan Chronicle called Ramanujan "a brilliant piece on canvas with edifying moments and relevance to modern age" and went on to add