DC Comics, Inc. is an American comic book publisher. It is the publishing unit of DC Entertainment, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. since 1967. DC Comics is one of the largest and oldest American comic book companies, produces material featuring numerous culturally iconic heroic characters including: Superman, Wonder Woman, The Flash, Green Lantern,Aquaman,Martian Manhunter, Green Arrow, Hawkman and Supergirl. Most of their material takes place in the fictional DC Universe, which features teams such as the Justice League, the Justice Society of America, the Suicide Squad, the Teen Titans, well-known villains such as The Joker, Lex Luthor, Darkseid, Brainiac, Black Adam, Ra's al Ghul and Deathstroke; the company has published non-DC Universe-related material, including Watchmen, V for Vendetta, many titles under their alternative imprint Vertigo. The initials "DC" came from the company's popular series Detective Comics, which featured Batman's debut and subsequently became part of the company's name.
In Manhattan at 432 Fourth Avenue, the DC Comics offices have been located at 480 and 575 Lexington Avenue. DC had its headquarters at 1700 Broadway, Midtown Manhattan, New York City, but it was announced in October 2013 that DC Entertainment would relocate its headquarters from New York to Burbank, California in April 2015. Random House distributes DC Comics' books to the bookstore market, while Diamond Comic Distributors supplies the comics shop specialty market. DC Comics and its longtime major competitor Marvel Comics together shared 70% of the American comic book market in 2017. Entrepreneur Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson founded National Allied Publications in autumn 1934; the company debuted with the tabloid-sized New Fun: The Big Comic Magazine #1 with a cover date of February 1935. The company's second title, New Comics #1, appeared in a size close to what would become comic books' standard during the period fans and historians call the Golden Age of Comic Books, with larger dimensions than today's.
That title evolved into Adventure Comics, which continued through issue #503 in 1983, becoming one of the longest-running comic-book series. In 2009 DC revived Adventure Comics with its original numbering. In 1935, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, the future creators of Superman, created Doctor Occult, the earliest DC Comics character to still be in the DC Universe. Wheeler-Nicholson's third and final title, Detective Comics, advertised with a cover illustration dated December 1936 premiered three months late with a March 1937 cover date; the themed anthology series would become a sensation with the introduction of Batman in issue #27. By however, Wheeler-Nicholson had gone. In 1937, in debt to printing-plant owner and magazine distributor Harry Donenfeld—who published pulp magazines and operated as a principal in the magazine distributorship Independent News—Wheeler-Nicholson had to take Donenfeld on as a partner in order to publish Detective Comics #1. Detective Comics, Inc. was formed, with Wheeler-Nicholson and Jack S. Liebowitz, Donenfeld's accountant, listed as owners.
Major Wheeler-Nicholson remained for a year, but cash-flow problems continued, he was forced out. Shortly afterwards, Detective Comics, Inc. purchased the remains of National Allied known as Nicholson Publishing, at a bankruptcy auction. Detective Comics, Inc. soon launched a fourth title, Action Comics, the premiere of which introduced Superman. Action Comics #1, the first comic book to feature the new character archetype—soon known as "superheroes"—proved a sales hit; the company introduced such other popular characters as the Sandman and Batman. On February 22, 2010, a copy of Action Comics #1 sold at an auction from an anonymous seller to an anonymous buyer for $1 million, besting the $317,000 record for a comic book set by a different copy, in lesser condition, the previous year. National Allied Publications soon merged with Detective Comics, Inc. forming National Comics Publications on September 30, 1946. National Comics Publications absorbed an affiliated concern, Max Gaines' and Liebowitz' All-American Publications.
In the same year Gaines let Liebowitz buy him out, kept only Picture Stories from the Bible as the foundation of his own new company, EC Comics. At that point, "Liebowitz promptly orchestrated the merger of All-American and Detective Comics into National Comics... Next he took charge of organizing National Comics, Independent News, their affiliated firms into a single corporate entity, National Periodical Publications". National Periodical Publications became publicly traded on the stock market in 1961. Despite the official names "National Comics" and "National Periodical Publications", the company began branding itself as "Superman-DC" as early as 1940, the company became known colloquially as DC Comics for years before the official adoption of that name in 1977; the company began to move aggressively against what it saw as copyright-violating imitations from other companies, such as Fox Comics' Wonder Man, which Fox started as a copy of Superman. This extended to DC suing Fawcett Comics over Captain Marvel, at the time comics' top-selling character.
Faced with declining sales and the prospect of bankruptcy if it lost, Fawcett capitulated in 1953 and ceased publishing comics. Years Fawcett sold the rights for Captain Marvel to DC—which in 1972 revived Captain Marvel in the new title Shazam
Captain Atom is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Captain Atom has existed in three basic incarnations. Captain Atom was created by writer Joe Gill and artist/co-writer Steve Ditko, first appeared in Space Adventures #33. Captain Atom was created for Charlton Comics, but was acquired by DC Comics and revised for DC's post-Crisis continuity. In 2011, DC Comics relaunched its superhero comics and rewrote the histories of some characters from scratch, including Captain Atom, giving him a new origin and altered powers. Captain Atom was the character inspiration for Doctor Manhattan, featured in the miniseries Watchmen. Throughout the years, the character has been featured in several moderate-to-short-lived eponymous series, has been a member of several different versions of DC's flagship superhero team, the Justice League. In all incarnations, the character served for the military. In the Charlton Comics continuity, he was a scientist named Allen Adam and gained his abilities by accident when he was "atomized" and his body reformed, now existing as an atomic-powered being.
In both DC Comics incarnations, he is an Air Force pilot named Nathaniel Adam, a test subject in a scientific experiment that disintegrated in the process, only to reappear as the super-powered Captain Atom. Over the years, DC has attempted to reinvent the character a several times. For a period, the character assumed the mantle of the supervillain Monarch, in 2005 DC attempted to retell the Captain Atom story with an new character, subsequently discarded. In the new continuity following DC's 2011 relaunch, Captain Atom has never been a member of the Justice League and the team views him with distrust. Captain Atom has appeared in several animated television and film adaptations of Justice League and other DC storylines since the mid-2000s, where he is depicted as a powerful member of the Justice League whose abilities place him on par with the franchise's flagship character Superman. In several animated depictions, he has served the role as a government stooge when the government has brought itself into conflict with the Justice League.
The Charlton Comics version of Captain Atom was Allen Adam. The character's origin had Adam working as a technician in a special experimental rocket when it accidentally launched with him trapped inside. Adam was atomized. However, he somehow gained superpowers that included the ability to reform his body safely on the ground, he was outfitted in a red and yellow costume, designed to shield people from the radiation of his nuclear powers. When he powered up, his hair changed to a silverish-white. In his own title, he replaced his original red and gold costume with a liquid-metal outfit, under his skin and which transformed when he powered up. Captain Atom's powers were similar to such other nuclear-powered superheroes as Gold Key's Doctor Solar and Dell Comics' Nukla. Captain Atom was first published in a series of short stories in the anthology series Space Adventures # 33-40 and #42. Charlton began reprinting his short adventures in the anthology Strange Suspense Stories beginning with #75, renaming the title Captain Atom with #78 and giving the hero full-length stories and supervillain antagonists such as Dr. Spectro..
Captain Atom teamed with the superhero Nightshade, with whom he shared a mutual attraction. The superhero Blue Beetle starred in the initial backup feature replaced by a Nightshade backup series. Captain Atom was canceled with issue #89. In 1975, the unfinished Ditko art for issue #90 was inked by John Byrne and published in the first two issues of the official Charlton fanzine, Charlton Bullseye, as the 10-page "Showdown In Sunuria" and the 11-page "Two Against Sunuria". Captain Atom next appeared in issue #7 of the new-talent showcase comic called Charlton Bullseye, in a story by writer Benjamin Smith and artist/co-writer Dan Reed, which for some reason returned him to his original red & yellow outfit; the character's last pre-DC appearance was in AC Comics' one-shot Americomics Special #1, in a story teaming the Charlton "Action Heroes" Blue Beetle, Captain Atom and The Question as the Sentinels of Justice. This last story had been done for Charlton before the company folded; the actual Charlton characters made their first reappearance in DC's Crisis on Infinite Earths, which introduced Earth-Four as the native reality of Captain Atom and the world where all the Charlton Comics adventures had taken place.
By story's end, Earth-Four had been incorporated into the Post-Crisis DC Universe, its history merging with that of the mainstream reality. The last appearance of this Charlton-era Captain Atom was in DC Comics Presents #90. A new, post-Crisis version of the character was introduced in March 1987 with the launch of a monthly comic written by Cary Bates, co-written by Greg Weisman and drawn by Pat Broderick; this modern captain's name is established as Nathaniel Christopher Adam, a United States Air Force officer and Vietnam War veteran. Adam was, under military justice, condemned to death; as an alternative to execution, Adam was "a
Iran called Persia, the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2, it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, to the west by Turkey and Iraq; the country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE, it was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history.
The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE; the Islamization of Iran led to the decline of Zoroastrianism, by the country's dominant religion, Iran's major contributions to art and science spread within the Muslim rule during the Islamic Golden Age. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were conquered by the Seljuq Turks and the Ilkhanate Mongols; the rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses.
The Iranian Constitutional Revolution in the early 20th century led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing Western political influence. Subsequent widespread dissatisfaction and unrest against the monarchy led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for eight years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides; the sovereign state of Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy.
The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage sites, the third largest number in Asia and 11th largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians, Azeris and Lurs. Organizations including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have criticized Iran's women's rights record; the term Iran derives directly from Middle Persian Ērān, first attested in a third-century inscription at Rustam Relief, with the accompanying Parthian inscription using the term Aryān, in reference to the Iranians. The Middle Iranian ērān and aryān are oblique plural forms of gentilic nouns ēr- and ary-, both deriving from Proto-Iranian *arya-, recognized as a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ar-yo-, meaning "one who assembles". In the Iranian languages, the gentilic is attested as a self-identifier, included in ancient inscriptions and the literature of the Avesta, remains in other Iranian ethnic names Alan and Iron.
Iran has been referred to as Persia by the West, due to the writings of Greek historians who referred to all of Iran as Persís, meaning "land of the Persians", while Persis itself was one of the provinces of ancient Iran, today defined as Fars. As the most extensive interaction the Ancient Greeks had with any outsider was with the Persians, the term persisted long after the Greco-Persian Wars. In 1935, Reza Shah requested the international community to refer to the country by its native name, effective March 22 that year; as The New York Times explained at the time, "At the suggestion of the Persian Legation in Berlin, the Tehran government, on the Persian New Year, March 21, 1935, substituted Iran for Persia as the official name of the country." Opposition to the name change led to the reversal of the decision, Professor Ehsan Yarshater, editor of Encyclopædia Iranica, propagated a move to use Persia and Iran interchangeably. Today, both Iran and Persia are used in cultural contexts, while Iran remains irreplaceab
Isis (DC Comics)
Isis is a DC Comics superhero, as well as a separate Egyptian goddess living in the DC Universe. The recent superhero character is modeled after the main character of The Secrets of Isis, a live-action American Saturday morning television program that served as the second half of The Shazam!/Isis Hour. The television character appeared in several late 1970s DC Comics publications; the more recent superhero character was introduced into the DC Universe in 2006 as a female counterpart to the character Black Adam, a part of the Shazam! family of characters. The Egyptian goddess character has been depicted within the Wonder Woman comic book; the superhero version of Isis originated in the live-action Saturday morning program The Secrets of Isis played by Joanna Cameron. More recent live-action programs have introduced characters inspired by Isis; the 2000s television show Smallville depicted Isis as a superhero form taken on by Lois Lane when possessed by the Amulet of Isis in one episode, while Erica Cerra portrayed an Egyptologist named Adrianna Tomaz.
The 2010s superhero show. This version is portrayed as a wise-cracking Muslim-American hacker from the future with wind powers from an amulet and no superhero codename. Like the main character of the first half of the program, Captain Marvel, Isis had roots in ancient Egyptian mythology; the Secrets of Isis starred Joanna Cameron as Andrea Thomas, a high school science teacher who gains the ability to call upon the powers of the goddess Isis after finding an Egyptian amulet during an archeological dig in Egypt. Fifteen episodes of The Secrets of Isis were produced for The Shazam! Isis Hour, the character appeared in three episodes of the Shazam! Portion of the show; the Secrets of Isis was given its own timeslot in 1977, for which seven new episodes were broadcast alongside reruns from the first two seasons. Isis appeared in animated form on Filmation's Tarzan and the Super 7 show in 1980, as part of a segment called The Freedom Force, she guest starred on The Kid Super Power Hour with Shazam!'s "Hero High" segment.
Cameron did not participate with other voice actors taking over the role. Isis demonstrated numerous powers; these included flight, super speed, super strength, geokinesis, the ability to change the molecules of inanimate objects to allow people to pass through them, the ability to act as a human lightning rod, remote viewing, the ability to stop and reverse time. To activate these powers, Isis is shown reciting a rhyming chant; the medallion Andrea Thomas uses to change into Isis gives her apparent limited powers when in her non-Isis form, as she is shown communicating telepathically with her pet crow Tut and engaging in minor mind control without changing. She received superior hand-to-hand and weapons combat skills from the goddess. Andrea/Isis' love interest is fellow teacher Rick Mason (although this relationship is more implied than explicitly stated; as in the classic Lois Lane example, Mason remains oblivious to the physical similarities between Andrea and Isis, beyond some idle speculation in early episodes.
In one episode a blind character realizes that Isis and Andrea have identical voices, but otherwise the series never explored the secret identity dilemma in any serious way. During the abbreviated second season, cosmetic changes were made to the Isis character in terms of makeup and hairstyle. Isis' first appearance in comics was in Shazam! #25. She was given her own TV tie-in book the following month, titled The Mighty Isis, which ran for two years out-surviving the TV series; the eight-issue run by DC Comics began in October 1976 and ended in January 1979. All stories starred the Andrea Thomas character from the television series. Like other DC characters who have been reimagined, this version of Isis, though not mentioned or appearing in Crisis on Infinite Earths, can be assumed to have been retconned out of existence following the 1985 DC miniseries. In January 2002, DC Comics re-introduced the goddess Isis as one of the chief gods worshipped by the Bana-Mighdallian Amazons in the Wonder Woman comic.
Although the Bana tribe was introduced in 1989, their gods were not shown until 2002. Her introduction depicted her in a standard white sleeveless gown and Egyptian headdress containing her trademark symbol; the various Amazon gods were depicted as selecting more modern appearances for themselves. After this, Isis was shown as wearing a black business suit with skirt, long straight black hair, a neck choker containing an ankh; the superhero Isis was re-introduced in the DC Universe in the weekly comic book 52. In this series, an Egyptian woman named Adrianna Tomaz is a refugee, enslaved and brought to Black Adam as a gift from Intergang along with $2,000,000 in gold. Upon freeing her a
A hate crime is a prejudice-motivated crime which occurs when a perpetrator targets a victim because of his or her membership in a certain social group or race. Examples of such groups can include, are exclusively limited to: sex, disability, nationality, physical appearance, gender identity or sexual orientation. Non-criminal actions that are motivated by these reasons are called "bias incidents". "Hate crime" refers to criminal acts which are seen to have been motivated by bias against one or more of the social groups listed above, or by bias against their derivatives. Incidents may involve physical assault, damage to property, harassment, verbal abuse or insults, mate crime or offensive graffiti or letters. A hate crime law is a law intended to deter bias-motivated violence. Hate crime laws are distinct from laws against hate speech: hate crime laws enhance the penalties associated with conduct, criminal under other laws, while hate speech laws criminalize a category of speech. Hate speech laws exist in many countries.
In the United States, hate crime laws have been upheld by both the Supreme Court and lower courts in the case of'fighting' words and other violent speech, but they are thought by some people to be in conflict with the First Amendment right to freedom of speech, but hate crimes are only regulated through threats of injury or death. The term "hate crime" came into common usage in the United States during the 1980s, but it is used retrospectively in order to describe events which occurred prior to that era. From the Roman persecution of Christians to the Nazi slaughter of Jews, hate crimes were committed by both individuals and governments long before the term was used. A major part of defining a crime as a hate crime is that it is directed toward a oppressed group; as Europeans began to colonize the world from the 16th century onwards, indigenous peoples in the colonized areas, such as Native Americans became the targets of bias-motivated intimidation and violence. During the past two centuries, typical examples of hate crimes in the U.
S. include lynchings of African Americans in the South, lynchings of Mexicans and Chinese in the West. The verb "to lynch" is attributed to the actions of an 18th-century Virginia Quaker. Lynch, other militia officers, justices of the peace rounded up Tory sympathizers who were given a summary trial at an informal court; the term referred to extrajudicial organized but unauthorized punishment of criminals. It evolved to describe execution outside "ordinary justice." It is associated with white suppression of African Americans in the South, periods of weak or nonexistent police authority, as in certain frontier areas of the Old West. Hate crimes can have significant and wide-ranging psychological consequences, not only for their direct victims but for others as well. A 1999 U. S. study of lesbian and gay victims of violent hate crimes documented that they experienced higher levels of psychological distress, including symptoms of depression and anxiety, than lesbian and gay victims of comparable crimes which were not motivated by antigay bias.
A manual issued by the Attorney-General of the Province of Ontario in Canada lists the following consequences: Impact on the individual victim psychological and affective disturbances. Effect on the targeted group generalized terror in the group to which the victim belongs, inspiring feelings of vulnerability among its other members, who could be the next hate crime victims. Effect on other vulnerable groups ominous effects on minority groups or on groups that identify themselves with the targeted group when the referred hate is based on an ideology or a doctrine that preaches against several groups. Effect on the community as a whole divisions and factionalism arising in response to hate crimes are damaging to multicultural societies. Hate crime victims can develop depression and psychological trauma. A review of European and American research indicates that terrorist bombings cause Islamophobia and hate crimes to flare up but, in calmer times, they subside again, although to a high level.
Terrorist's most persuasive message is that of fear and fear, a primary and strong emotion, increases risk estimates and has distortive effects on the perception of ordinary Muslims. Widespread Islamophobic prejudice seems to contribute to anti-Muslim hate crimes, but indirectly: terrorist attacks and intensified Islamophobic prejudice serve as a window of opportunity for extremist groups and networks; the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation conducted a study into the motives for hate crimes and found four motives: Thrill-seeking - perpetrators engage in hate crimes for excitement and drama. There is no greater purpose behind the crimes, with victims being vulnerable because they have an ethnic, sexual or gender background that differs from their attackers. While the actual
Justice League International
Justice League International is a DC Comics superhero team written by Keith Giffen and J. M. DeMatteis, with art by Kevin Maguire, created in 1987. Following the events of company-wide crossovers Crisis on Infinite Earths and Legends, Justice League of America writer J. M. DeMatteis was paired with writer Keith Giffen and artist Kevin Maguire on a new Justice League series. However, at the time, most of the core Justice League characters were unavailable. Superman was limited to John Byrne's reboot, George Pérez was relaunching Wonder Woman and Mike Baron was launching the Wally West version of The Flash; as a result, the initial team consisted of: Batman: Denny O'Neil, taking pity on the new creative team, allowed Batman to be used in the series. Black Canary: Dinah Lance was written as a strong feminist and clashed with the misogynistic Guy Gardner. Blue Beetle: A recent acquisition from Charlton Comics. Captain Marvel: No longer a separate personality, this version focuses on his alter ego's naiveté.
Doctor Fate: The inclusion of Dr. Fate coincided with a mini series written by DeMatteis and Giffen. Dr. Light: First appearing in Crisis on Infinite Earths, Kimiyo Hoshi joins the League. Guy Gardner: Editor Andy Helfer suggested using Guy Gardner over the more well known Hal Jordan. Martian Manhunter: The only connection to the previous iteration of the Justice League, he soon develops a love for Oreos. Mister Miracle: The world's greatest escape artist, his wife and friend, are associated with the League. The resulting comedic tone was Giffen's idea, introducing new characterizations to old characters: Guy Gardner was now a loutish hothead, Booster Gold was greedier and more inept than he had been in Dan Jurgens' series, Captain Marvel displayed a childlike personality; the series would go on to become nominated as "Best New Series" in 1988 by the Harvey Awards, but was beat out by Paul Chadwick's Concrete. It would feature Adam Hughes' first work for a major comic publisher, they fight the Champions of Angor, other-dimensional super-heroes intent on destroying all nuclear weapons.
Bialya's dictator Rumaan Harjavti takes advantage of the Champions to eliminate his rivals. In Russia the League fights the Rocket Red Brigade. Wandjina sacrifices himself to stop a nuclear meltdown, the League are sent home by international law. Millionaire entrepreneur Maxwell Lord takes an interest in the team, breaching their security and suggesting Booster Gold as a new member. Booster proves himself in combat against the Royal Flush Gang, Lord declares himself their press liaison. Manhunter saves the world when they battle against a conscious psychic plague and he consumes it. Gardner challenges Batman to a fight over leadership. Doctor Fate is captured by a rogue servant to the Lords of Order. Teaming up with the Creeper, they stop Gray Man from taking over the world. Earth is attacked by a mysterious satellite, the League travels into space. Miracle recognizes it as a modified New Genesis Device, neutralizes it, they return home as heroes. Maxwell Lord introduces a proposal to get United Nations funding, they are given sponsorship in exchange for government regulation.
This plan allows them to act as an independent city-state with worldwide embassies. Captain Atom and Rocket Red #7 are added to the team by the United States and Russia respectively. Captain Marvel and Doctor Fate quit the team for personal reasons, they are reintroduced to the world as Justice League International. Despite a series of embarrassing accidents, they move in to embassies around the world; this includes New York City and Paris. With issue seven, the series was renamed Justice League International to reflect the team's new international status; the name change spawned the term JLI, used when referring to this period in Justice League history. The series was again renamed following the launch of Justice League Europe in 1989; the series would be known as Justice League America until its cancellation in 1996. "Breakdowns" was a 16-issue crossover between the Justice League America and Justice League Europe Green Lantern #18 titles, changing the tone of both series from a humorous one to a more serious one, introducing new creative teams to both books.
The major events that occurred were the following: Maxwell Lord is in a coma from a failed assassination attempt. He is possessed by JLE foe Dreamslayer of the Extremists. Following the end of the "Breakdowns" saga, Maxwell Lord has no more mental powers drained when possessed by Dreamslayer; the Queen Bee, ruler of the country Bialya, is killed in a coup d'état led by Sumaan Harjavti, the twin brother of the original dictator, Rumaan. Despero awakens and escapes Manga Khan's starship to wreak havoc on New York City, seeking vengeance against the Justice League. A force of the Justice League's best, along with the Conglomerate and Lobo, were unable to stop him, it was Kilowog and L-Ron who subdued Despero by transferring L-Ron's consciousness into the cybernetic control collar that remained around Despero's neck. While possessing Maxwell Lord's body, Dreamslayer kidnaps and murders Mitch Wacky on the island of KooeyKooeyKooey, where the Blue Beetle and Booster Gold attempted to open a resort called "Club JLI."
Using Lord's persona, Dreamslayer lures a large portion of the Justice League to the island and takes mental control of them, making them the "new Extremists." The Silver Sorceress, one of th
Booster Gold is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Dan Jurgens, the character first appeared in Booster Gold #1 and has been a member of the Justice League, he is depicted as a glory-seeking showboat from the future, using knowledge of historical events and futuristic technology to stage high-publicity heroics. Booster develops over the course of his publication history and through personal tragedies to become a true hero weighed down by the reputation he created for himself. Booster Gold first appeared in Booster Gold #1, being the first significant new character introduced into DC Universe continuity after the Crisis on Infinite Earths; the next year, he began to appear in the Justice League series remaining a team member until the group disbanded in 1996. He and his former Leaguers subsequently appeared as the "Superbuddies" in the Formerly Known as the Justice League miniseries and its JLA: Classified sequel "I Can't Believe It's Not the Justice League".
On March 16, 2007, at Wizard World Los Angeles, Dan DiDio announced a new ongoing series titled All-New Booster Gold, published as Booster Gold. The series follows the events of 52 and was co-written by Geoff Johns and Jeff Katz, with art by creator Jurgens and Norm Rapmund; the series focuses on Booster Gold's clandestine time travel within the DC Universe. The series features Rip Hunter and Booster's ancestors Daniel Carter and Rose Levin as supporting characters; the tagline of the series is: "The greatest hero you've never heard of!" Katz and Johns left the book after 12 issues. Jurgens and Rapmund stayed. Jurgens assumed writing duties following four issues by guests Chuck Rick Remender. In May 2010, Keith Giffen took over the Booster Gold title, linking it with the 26-week miniseries Justice League: Generation Lost, in which Booster united with Fire and Captain Atom to defeat the resurrected Maxwell Lord. From July 2010 through February 2011, Booster starred alongside Rip Hunter, Green Lantern, Superman in the six-issue miniseries Time Masters: Vanishing Point, part of the "Return of Bruce Wayne" arc, which reintroduced the Reverse-Flash and established the background for the 2011 DC crossover event Flashpoint.
Jurgens returned to the main Booster Gold title with issue #44. Michael Jon Carter was born poor in 25th-century Gotham City, he and twin sister Michelle never knew their father because he left after gambling away all their money. Michael was a gifted athlete. At Gotham U. Michael was a star quarterback until his father reentered his life and convinced him to deliberately lose games for gambling purposes, he was exposed and expelled. He was able to secure a job as a night watchman at the Metropolis Space Museum, where he studied displays about superheroes and villains from the past the 20th century. With the help of a security robot named Skeets, Michael stole devices from the museum displays, including a Legion of Super-Heroes flight ring and Brainiac 5's force field belt, he used Rip Hunter's Time Sphere on display in the museum, to travel to the 20th century, intent on becoming a superhero and forming a corporation based around himself to make a comfortable living. He is a shameless self-promoter whose obsession with wealth irritates other heroes.
Carter's nickname as a football player was "Booster", but his chosen 20th century superhero name was "Goldstar". After saving the president, Carter mangled the two names, causing US President Ronald Reagan to introduce him as "Booster Gold"; the name stuck. In a running joke throughout the DC Universe, people erroneously call him "Buster" to his chagrin. Booster is based in Superman's home city, Metropolis, he starts his hero career by preventing the shapeshifting assassin Chiller, an operative of The 1000, from killing the President of the United States and replacing him. With the subsequent public exposure, Booster signs a multitude of commercial and movie deals. During his career, his sister Michelle Carter, powered by a magnetic suit, follows in his footsteps as the superheroine Goldstar. Booster is devastated. Amassing a small fortune, Booster founds Goldstar, Inc. as a holding company and hires Dirk Davis to act as his agent. During the Millennium event, Davis reveals that he is a Manhunter in disguise and that he siphoned money from Booster's accounts in hopes of leaving him no choice but to do the Manhunters' bidding.
Although the Manhunters are defeated, Booster is left bankrupt. Booster Gold is a key character in the late 1980s/early 1990s Justice League revamp by writers Keith Giffen and J. M. DeMatteis. Booster Gold is partnered with fellow Justice League member Blue Beetle, the two become best friends; the duo's notable appearances include a stint as superhero repo men, as the minds behind the construction of a gaming resort, Club JLI, on the living island Kooey Kooey Kooey. After one too many embarrassments and longing for his old reputation, Booster quits the League to found The Conglomerate, a superhero team whose funding is derived from corporate sponsors. Booster and his team are determined to behave as legitimate heroes, but find that their sponsors compromise them far too often; the Conglomerate reforms several times after Booster rejoins the League, though without much success. When an alien comes to Earth on a rampage, Booster coins the name Doomsday for it. While battling the entity, Booster's costume is destroyed.
Blue Beetle is able to design a new, bulkier costume to rep